Phillips is a town in Franklin County, United States. The population was 1,028 at the 2010 census, it is home to a heritage railroad. The plantation was part of a large tract granted by Massachusetts about 1790 to Jonathan Phillips of Boston, it was first settled in 1791 by Perkins Allen from Martha's Vineyard, a sea captain who called it Curvo. It was named for Phillips; the town was noted both for its productive soil, with hay the chief crop, its superior water power. At falls along the Sandy River were erected sawmills, gristmills, a fulling mill and a carding machine. Other industries included a starch factory, furniture factory and shoe factory, carriage maker, harness maker. Most however, Phillips became prosperous as the center for lumbering in the Rangeley Lake region. At first, lumber was shipped during winter months on sledges dragged across the snow by oxen, but in 1879, the narrow-gauge Sandy River Railroad opened to Farmington, where the Maine Central Railroad carried freight to further destinations.
In 1891, the line became the Sandy Rangeley Lakes Railroad. Although the railroad closed in 1935, a short section has been revived as a tourist attraction and museum. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.99 square miles, of which, 50.81 square miles of it is land and 0.18 square miles is water. Phillips is drained by a tributary of the Kennebec River; the town is bordered by Madrid and Salem Townships to the north, Township 6 North of Weld to the west and Avon to the south, Freeman Township to the east. Phillips is crossed by state routes 4, 142 and 149; the Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes Railroad followed the west shore of Toothaker pond in the northern part of Phillips. The pond overflows into the Sandy River 1 mile to the south. Berlin Mills Co. built a sawmill in 1902 using Toothaker Pond as a log pond. The pond shoreline was developed with residences and seasonal cabins after the sawmill closed in 1908; the pond has summer algal blooms and dissolved oxygen deficiencies.
It holds rainbow smelt, golden shiner, Yellow Perch and redbelly dace. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,028 people, 454 households, 284 families residing in the town; the population density was 20.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 668 housing units at an average density of 13.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Asian, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population. There were 454 households of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.4% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.76. The median age in the town was 45.5 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the town was 48.6% male and 51.4% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 990 people, 407 households, 275 families residing in the town; the population density was 19.4 people per square mile. There were 626 housing units at an average density of 12.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.79% White, 0.10% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population. There were 407 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.83. In the town, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $30,579, the median income for a family was $32,284. Males had a median income of $26,413 versus $19,250 for females; the per capita income for the town was $13,840. About 9.3% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 20.5% of those age 65 or over. Phillips is part of Maine School Administrative District 58, home to Phillips Elementary School. Daggett Rock - Maine's Largest Glacial Erratic Phillips Historical Society Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes Railroad - museum and heritage railroad Carroll L. Beedy, US congressman Nathan Cook Brackett, founder of Storer College and Bluefield State College Minnie D. Craig, legislator J. Blaine Morrison, Maine legislator and lawyer John P. Soule, publisher C. J. Stevens, writer Augustus Stinchfield, physician This climatic region has large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Phillips has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps. Town of Phillips, Maine Phillips Public Library Nort
Androscoggin County, Maine
Androscoggin County is a county in the U. S. state of Maine. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 107,702, its county seat is Auburn. Androscoggin County comprises the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Metropolitan New England City and Town Area, it is a part of the Portland-Lewiston-South Portland, Maine Combined Statistical Area. Bates College is in the Androscoggin County city of Lewiston. Demand for a new county emerged when the residents of the growing town of Lewiston complained of the long distance they had to travel to reach Wiscasset, the county seat of Lincoln County, in which Lewiston was located, it was an impractical circumstance as Lewiston's neighbor, was part of Cumberland County. As the growing partnership of the two towns emerged, the case for the towns to be in the same county grew. Different plans were discussed, including Lewiston joining Cumberland County; the idea of a new county came to the table. The debate became over which town would be the center of the new county.
Bath and Lewiston each desired the distinction. Lewiston won the debate. Androscoggin County was created in 1854 from towns in Cumberland County, Lincoln County, Kennebec County, Oxford County; the next issue centered on where to put the county seat, as both Lewiston and Auburn desired to be named the county seat. It would be put to a vote, with both towns putting different offers on the table, including ideas to cut the costs of the new county buildings for surrounding towns. Auburn would win a convincing victory, with the towns on each side of the river voting for the town on their side; as more people lived to the west of the Androscoggin River, Auburn won the vote. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 497 square miles, of which 468 square miles is land and 29 square miles is water, it is the second-smallest county in Maine by total area Franklin County, Maine – north Kennebec County, Maine – northeast Sagadahoc County, Maine – southeast Cumberland County, Maine – south Oxford County, Maine – west As of the census of 2000, there were 103,793 people, 42,028 households, 27,192 families residing in the county.
The population density was 221 people per square mile. There were 45,960 housing units at an average density of 98 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.98% White, 0.66% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, 1.22% from two or more races. 0.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.5% were of French Canadian, 19.4% French, 14.3% English, 9.7% United States or American and 8.4% Irish ancestry. 9.6 % of the population speak 1.5 % of the population speak Spanish at home. There were 42,028 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.60% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.30% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,793, the median income for a family was $44,082. Males had a median income of $31,622 versus $22,366 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,734. About 7.50% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 107,702 people, 44,315 households, 28,045 families residing in the county; the population density was 230.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 49,090 housing units at an average density of 104.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.8% white, 3.6% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population.
In terms of ancestry, 21.2% were English, 20.5% were French Canadian, 20.1% were French, 15.5% were Irish, 8.1% were German, 5.0% were American. Of the 44,315 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families, 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 39.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $44,470 and the median income for a family was $55,045. Males had a median income of $41,554 versus $31,852 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,752. About 9.7% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over. The Sun Journal prints a daily newspaper in four different editions statewide; the Sun Journal was the recipient of the 2008 New England Daily Newspaper of the Year and the 2009 Maine Press Association Newspaper of the Year.
In Presidential elections, Androscoggin County has been one of the most though not always the most Democratic counties in the state. It was the only coun
Simon M. Hamlin
Simon Moulton Hamlin was a U. S. Representative from Maine. Hamlin was born in Standish, Cumberland County, Hamlin attended the public schools, Gorham Normal School, Bridgton Academy, he taught school and, in 1900, graduated from Bowdoin College in Maine. He served as superintendent of the South Portland and Cape Elizabeth schools from 1901–1925 and as city clerk of South Portland, Maine in 1913, he engaged in the real estate business at South Portland in 1925. He was interested in farming, he served as member of the board of registration 1926–1932. He served as mayor in 1933 and 1934. Hamlin was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fourth Congress, he served as chairman of the Committee on Memorials. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1936 to the Seventy-fifth Congress, he resumed the real estate business and farming in South Portland, until his death there July 27, 1939. He was interred in Hamlin Cemetery, Maine. United States Congress. "Simon M. Hamlin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Simon M. Hamlin at Find a Grave
Louis B. Goodall
Louis Bertrand Goodall was a United States Representative from Maine. He moved to Troy, New Hampshire with his parents in 1852, he attended the common schools of Troy attended a private school in Thompson, the Vermont Episcopal Institute, a private school in England, the Kimball Union Academy. He entered his father’s mills at Sanford, Maine in 1874 and afterward engaged extensively in the wool-manufacturing industry and in the railroad business, he established the Goodall Worsted Co.. He became president of the Sanford National Bank from its organization in 1896, became chairman of the Maine commission to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, Mo. in 1904. He was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-sixth Congresses, he was elected chairman of the Committee on Elections No. 2. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1920, he resumed manufacturing interests and banking in Sanford, until his death there. His interment was in Oakdale Cemetery. United States Congress. "Louis B. Goodall". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Louis B. Goodall at Find a Grave
Maine's 1st congressional district
Maine's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Maine. The geographically smaller of the two congressional districts in the state, the district covers the southern coastal area of the state; the district consists of all of Cumberland, Lincoln and York counties and most of Kennebec County. Located within the district are the cities of Portland, Augusta and Saco; the district is represented by Democrat Chellie Pingree. Maine was a part of the state of Massachusetts. Massachusetts was allocated 20 districts after the 1810 U. S. Census; when Maine became a state in 1820, seven of those districts were credited to it. Since all but the 1st and 2nd Congressional Districts have become obsolete. Maine's 1st Congressional District consists of: Cumberland County The following towns in Kennebec County: Augusta Chelsea China Farmingdale Hallowell Manchester Pittston Readfield Vassalboro Waterville Windsor Winslow Winthrop Knox County Lincoln County Sagadahoc County York County The 2018 election is the first to use ranked-choice voting as opposed to plurality voting since the district's creation.
However, since the leading candidate had a majority of first-choice votes, no distribution of preferences was conducted. Maine's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present U. S. House of Representatives
Maine is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Maine is the 12th smallest by area, the 9th least populous, the 38th most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. It is bordered by New Hampshire to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast, the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec to the northeast and northwest respectively. Maine is the easternmost state in the contiguous United States, the northernmost state east of the Great Lakes, it is known for its rocky coastline. There is a humid continental climate throughout most of the state, including in coastal areas such as its most populous city of Portland; the capital is Augusta. For thousands of years, indigenous peoples were the only inhabitants of the territory, now Maine. At the time of European arrival in what is now Maine, several Algonquian-speaking peoples inhabited the area; the first European settlement in the area was by the French in 1604 on Saint Croix Island, by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons.
The first English settlement was the short-lived Popham Colony, established by the Plymouth Company in 1607. A number of English settlements were established along the coast of Maine in the 1620s, although the rugged climate and conflict with the local peoples caused many to fail over the years; as Maine entered the 18th century, only a half dozen European settlements had survived. Loyalist and Patriot forces contended for Maine's territory during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. During the War of 1812, the largely-undefended eastern region of Maine was occupied by British forces, but returned to the United States after the war following major defeats in New York and Louisiana, as part of a peace treaty, to include dedicated land on the Michigan peninsula for Native American peoples. Maine was part of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts until 1820, when it voted to secede from Massachusetts to become a separate state. On March 15, 1820, under the Missouri Compromise, it was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state.
There is no definitive explanation for the origin of the name "Maine", but the most origin is that the name was given by early explorers after the former province of Maine in France. Whatever the origin, the name was fixed for English settlers in 1665 when the English King's Commissioners ordered that the "Province of Maine" be entered from on in official records; the state legislature in 2001 adopted a resolution establishing Franco-American Day, which stated that the state was named after the former French province of Maine. Other theories mention earlier places with similar names, or claim it is a nautical reference to the mainland. Attempts to uncover the history of the name of Maine began with James Sullivan's 1795 "History of the District of Maine", he made the unsubstantiated claim that the Province of Maine was a compliment to the queen of Charles I, Henrietta Maria, who once "owned" the Province of Maine in France. This was quoted by Maine historians until the 1845 biography of that queen by Agnes Strickland established that she had no connection to the province.
A new theory, put forward by Carol B. Smith Fisher in 2002, is that Sir Ferdinando Gorges chose the name in 1622 to honor the village where his ancestors first lived in England, rather than the province in France. "MAINE" appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 in reference to the county of Dorset, today Broadmayne, just southeast of Dorchester. The view held among British place name scholars is that Mayne in Dorset is Brythonic, corresponding to modern Welsh "maen", plural "main" or "meini"; some early spellings are: MAINE 1086, MEINE 1200, MEINES 1204, MAYNE 1236. Today the village is known as Broadmayne, primitive Welsh or Brythonic, "main" meaning rock or stone, considered a reference to the many large sarsen stones still present around Little Mayne farm, half a mile northeast of Broadmayne village; the first known record of the name appears in an August 10, 1622 land charter to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason, English Royal Navy veterans, who were granted a large tract in present-day Maine that Mason and Gorges "intend to name the Province of Maine".
Mason had served with the Royal Navy in the Orkney Islands, where the chief island is called Mainland, a possible name derivation for these English sailors. In 1623, the English naval captain Christopher Levett, exploring the New England coast, wrote: "The first place I set my foote upon in New England was the Isle of Shoals, being Ilands in the sea, above two Leagues from the Mayne." Several tracts along the coast of New England were referred to as Main or Maine. A reconfirmed and enhanced April 3, 1639, from England's King Charles I, gave Sir Ferdinando Gorges increased powers over his new province and stated that it "shall forever hereafter, be called and named the PROVINCE OR COUNTIE OF MAINE, not by any other name or names whatsoever..." Maine is the only U. S. state whose name has one syllable. The original inhabitants of the territory, now Maine were Algonquian-speaking Wabanaki peoples, including the Passamaquoddy, Penobscot and Kennebec. During the King Philip's War, many of these peoples would merge in one form or another to become the Wabanaki Confederacy, aiding the Wampanoag of Massachusetts & the Mahican of New York.
Afterwards, many of these people were driven from their natural territories, but most of the tribes of Maine continued, until the American Revolution
Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients. The degrees of Freemasonry retain the three grades of medieval craft guilds, those of Apprentice, Journeyman or fellow, Master Mason; the candidate of these three degrees is progressively taught the meanings of the symbols of Freemasonry, entrusted with grips and words to signify to other members that he has been so initiated. The initiations are part allegorical morality part lecture; the three degrees are offered by Craft Freemasonry. Members of these organisations are known as Masons. There are additional degrees, which vary with locality and jurisdiction, are administered by their own bodies; the basic, local organisational unit of Freemasonry is the Lodge. The Lodges are supervised and governed at the regional level by a Grand Lodge or Grand Orient.
There is no worldwide Grand Lodge that supervises all of Freemasonry. Modern Freemasonry broadly consists of two main recognition groups. Regular Freemasonry insists that a volume of scripture is open in a working lodge, that every member profess belief in a Supreme Being, that no women are admitted, that the discussion of religion and politics is banned. Continental Freemasonry is now the general term for the jurisdictions which have removed some, or all, of these restrictions; the Masonic lodge is the basic organisational unit of Freemasonry. The Lodge meets to conduct the usual formal business of any small organisation. In addition to business, the meeting may perform a ceremony to confer a Masonic degree or receive a lecture, on some aspect of Masonic history or ritual. At the conclusion of the meeting, the Lodge might adjourn for a formal dinner, or festive board, sometimes involving toasting and song; the bulk of Masonic ritual consists of degree ceremonies. Candidates for Freemasonry are progressively initiated into Freemasonry, first in the degree of Entered Apprentice.
Some time in a separate ceremony, they will be passed to the degree of Fellowcraft, they will be raised to the degree of Master Mason. In all of these ceremonies, the candidate is entrusted with passwords and grips peculiar to his new rank. Another ceremony is officers of the Lodge. In some jurisdictions Installed Master is valued as a separate rank, with its own secrets to distinguish its members. In other jurisdictions, the grade is not recognised, no inner ceremony conveys new secrets during the installation of a new Master of the Lodge. Most Lodges have some sort of social calendar, allowing Masons and their partners to meet in a less ritualised environment. Coupled with these events is the obligation placed on every Mason to contribute to charity; this occurs at both Grand Lodge level. Masonic charities contribute to many fields, such as disaster relief; these private local Lodges form the backbone of Freemasonry, a Freemason will have been initiated into one of these. There exist specialist Lodges where Masons meet to celebrate events, such as sport or Masonic research.
The rank of Master Mason entitles a Freemason to explore Masonry further through other degrees, administered separately from the Craft, or "Blue Lodge" degrees described here, but having a similar format to their meetings. There is little consistency in Freemasonry; because each Masonic jurisdiction is independent, each sets its own procedures. The wording of the ritual, the number of officers present, the layout of the meeting room, etc. varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. The officers of the Lodge are appointed annually; every Masonic Lodge has two Wardens, a secretary and a treasurer. There is a Tyler, or outer guard, always present outside the door of a working Lodge. Other offices vary between jurisdictions; each Masonic Lodge exists and operates according to a set of ancient principles known as the Landmarks of Freemasonry. These principles have thus far eluded any universally accepted definition. Candidates for Freemasonry will have met most active members of the Lodge they are joining before they are initiated.
The process varies between jurisdictions, but the candidate will have been introduced by a friend at a Lodge social function, or at some form of open evening in the Lodge. In modern times, interested people track down a local Lodge through the Internet; the onus is on candidates to ask to join. Once the initial inquiry is made, an interview follows to determine the candidate's suitability. If the candidate decides to proceed from here, the Lodge ballots on the application before he can be accepted; the absolute minimum requirement of any body of Freemasons is that the candidate must be free, considered to be of good character. There is an age requirement, varying between Grand Lodges, capable of being overridden by a dispensation from the Grand Lodge; the underlying assumption is that the candidate should