Bribie Island is the smallest and most northerly of three major sand islands forming the coastline sheltering the northern part of Moreton Bay, Australia. The others are North Stradbroke Island. Bribie Island is 34 kilometres long, 8 kilometres at its widest. Archibald Meston believed that the name of the island came from a corruption of a mainland word for it, Boorabee. Meaning'koala bear'. Bribie Island hugs the coastline and tapers to a long spit at its most northern point near Caloundra, is separated from the mainland by Pumicestone Passage; the ocean side of the island is somewhat sheltered from prevailing winds by Moreton Island and associated sand banks and has only a small surf break. The lee side is calm, with white sandy beaches in the south. Most of the island is uninhabited national forestry plantations; the southern end of the island has been intensively urbanised as part of the Moreton Bay Region, the main suburbs being Bongaree, Woorim and Banksia Beach. A bridge from Sandstone Point on the mainland was completed in 1963.
Buckley's Hole, at the southern tip of the island, is refuge. Crossing to southern part of the island from the mainland via the bridge, the first suburb to be encountered is Bellara; the other four suburbs in the southern half of the island are Woorim, Bongaree at the southern end of the island, on the'calm side' or'passage side' and Banksia Beach and White Patch at the northern end of the populated area on the'passage side'. Two other localities and Bribie Island North, make up the undeveloped northern part of the island. Bribie Island North is part of the Sunshine Coast Region while all of the other suburbs on the island are part of the Moreton Bay Region. Bribie Island Coaches operates a bus service around the Island as well as a route which runs to Caboolture and Morayfield via Ningi and Pebble Beach. In August 2007 an alternative route, via Beachmere and Pebble Beach, was introduced; the service to Caboolture is timed to connect with trains to and from Brisbane. There are many types of wildlife present on the island.
Kangaroos, emus, various snake species, green tree frogs and dingos can be seen venturing from the national park into the surrounding suburbs. Pumicestone Passage, located between the island and the mainland, is a protected marine park that provides habitat for dugongs and dolphins. There are extensive mangrove forests in this area. Eucalypt forests and heathlands are the predominant vegetation elsewhere. Bribie Island is home to around 350 species of bird; this includes a range of honeyeater species, lorikeets and birds of prey. Flying foxes visit the area, along with several species of small insect-eating bats. Flying foxes are important pollinators and seed dispersers while the insect-eating bats help control mosquito and other insect populations. Buckley's Hole, at the southern tip of the island, was declared an environmental park in 1992; the island seems prone to instances of bee swarming Bribie Island National Park covers 55.8 square kilometres, nearly a third of the total area of the island.
There is a common misconception that the national park covers most of the non-inhabited area, but in fact most of the centre of the island consists of conifer plantations closed to public access. Leased to CSR Timber, the Queensland Government is re-planting around 25 square kilometres of this area through its DPI Forestry arm. Much of the rest has been developed for housing. In 2009 the Queenslands National Parks and Wildlife Service used imported blocks of rock to prevent access to roads and tracks leading into the national park forcing all vehicle access to the park to be via the Beach Access Track at Woorim or the Ranger Station at Whitepatch. All access to the national park now requires a permit to be purchased. Local residents were threatened by letter with fines of up to $16,000 by QNPWS in 2009 for walking domestic animals within the park; the inhabitants of Bribie Island at the time they were encountered by Matthew Flinders in H. M. colonial sloop Norfolk in 1799 were the Djindubari people.
Broadly part of the'Kabi' or more Gubbi Gubbi people of South-East Queensland. Meston recorded the pre-contact population of Aboriginal people as 600–1,000, but by 1891 none remained on the Island and only four lived on the mainland; the comparatively rich coastal country allowed permanent residence. Natural resources of land and sea were harvested according to the seasons. Winter mullet schooled from May to July. Dolphins were trained to herd the fish into waiting spears. Winter was the best season for bream, followed by tailor in October. In summer mud crabs and oysters were plentiful and dugong were hunted. Summer whiting and flathead were netted. Bungwall Fern was gathered for its starchy roots all year round. Kangaroo and carpet snakes were rich in protein and fat; the dominant shellfish used as food was the oyster known today as the Sydney Rock Oyster known locally as tibir, at that time growing on the seabeds. The oyster middens, many metres thick, were plundered by early settlers for lime.
A significant midden site, now lost, was located not far from Bongaree jetty. It contained marsupial bones and stone tools; the biggest of the oyster middens was at White Patch, where dugong were plentiful. The Ugari on the coastal beaches was eaten. Lieutenant James Cook sighted the Glass House Mountains west of the Island on Thursday 17 May 1770 while s
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Millmerran is a town in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia. The town is on the Gore Highway, 208 kilometres west of Brisbane. At the 2011 census, Millmerran had a population of 1,566. Millmerran is near a lookout used by the local Jarowair Nation Aboriginal population prior to European settlement and the town's name is believed to be derived from two words - "meel" meaning "eye" and "merran" meaning "to look out". European settlement in the Millmerran area began in 1841 when the Gore brothers established the vast Yandilla station. Yandilla station covered an estimated 1,780 square kilometres and hosted its own school with 20 to 30 students, telegraph station and store. Closer settlement began after the passing of the Crown Lands Alienation Act in 1876, which allowed Edward Walpole to select a portion of Yandilla station. In 1881, Walpole established a general store on the site of what was known at the time as Back Creek, a receiving office was opened with that name on 8 July 1883.
It was elevated to the status of a post office, the name changed to Domville, on 1 June 1889. The name was again changed to Millmerran on 16 November 1894. In 1911, the Millmerran railway line reached the town; the Millmerran Library opened in 1998 with a major refurbishment in 2017. The Millmerran Library is operated by the Toowoomba Regional Council, it is open five days a week. Millmerran has a vibrant town centre with two large grocery outlets, two large hardware stores, a bakery, a 24-bed public hospital, medical centre, modern large equipped sports centre and Olympic-sized swimming pool, a large community centre complete with ballroom. For visitors, there are two caravan parks and an independent camping area for self-contained travelers; the Bi-Annual Australian Camp Oven Festival is a nationally known event attracting visitors from all over Australia. Next event Oct. 2018. Media related to Millmerran, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Millmerran
2001 Queensland state election
An election was held in the Australian state of Queensland on 17 February 2001 to elect the 89 members of the state's Legislative Assembly. The result of the election was the return of the Labor Party government of Premier Peter Beattie, with an increased majority. Labor won 66 seats the most it has won in Queensland and one of Labor’s best-ever results nationwide. There was a 10.07% swing towards Labor, while One Nation suffered a 13.98% swing against it, losing eight seats. The longstanding coalition between the Nationals and Liberals, led by Nationals leader Rob Borbidge recorded only a 2.39% swing against it. However, its support in Brisbane all but vanished. Due to losses in Brisbane, the Coalition suffered an overall 17-seat loss; this included only three seats for the Liberals the worst showing for the urban non-Labor party in Queensland since it adopted the Liberal banner in 1948. Candidates in italics did not contest their seat at this election. 1Candidates Black, Feldman and Prenzler were all elected as One Nation Party MLAs, but abandoned that party to form the City Country Alliance in December 1999.
2 Shaun Nelson was elected as a One Nation Party MLA in 1998, but left that party in February 1999 to sit as an independent. 3 Ken Turner was elected as a One Nation Party MLA in 1998, but left that party in 1999 to sit as an independent. After losing the election, Opposition Leader Rob Borbidge resigned his position as Leader of the Nationals and his seat. In the resulting by-election, held on 5 May 2001, Surfers Paradise was won by Lex Bell, an independent former mayor. Borbidge was replaced as Nationals leader by Mike Horan, who in turn was replaced by Lawrence Springborg in February 2003. Dr David Watson resigned as Leader of the Liberal Party in favour of Bob Quinn on 28 February 2001. Ray Hopper, after being elected as an Independent, joined the National Party in December 2001. On 18 April 2002, Elisa Roberts resigned from the One Nation Party and sat as an Independent, reducing that party's total to two seats. On 23 March 2003, John Kingston, a former member of One Nation now sitting as an independent, resigned his seat.
Chris Foley, another independent, won the by-election on 8 May. Candidates of the Queensland state election, 2001 Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1998–2001 Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 2001–2004 Beattie Ministry
2012 Queensland state election
The 2012 Queensland state election was held on 24 March 2012 to elect all 89 members of the Legislative Assembly, a unicameral parliament. The Labor Party, led by Premier Anna Bligh, was defeated by the opposition Liberal National Party, led by Campbell Newman, it is only the sixth time that Queenslanders have ousted a sitting government since 1915. The ALP was attempting to win a ninth consecutive election victory, having won every general election since 1989 although it was out of office between 1996 and 1998. Katter's Australian Party contested its first election. Before the election, it held two seats. Labor suffered one of the worst defeats of a state government since Federation, the worst defeat of a sitting government in Queensland history. From 51 seats in 2009, it was reduced to only seven seats, suffering a swing of 15.6 percentage points. The LNP won a majority for the first time in its history, jumping from 34 seats to 78 seats to win the largest majority government in Queensland history.
It was the first outright non-Labor majority since the Queensland Nationals won their last victory in 1986. Katter's Australian Party won two seats; the remaining two seats were taken by independents. Newman took office two days after the election; the estimated two-party preferred result was 37.2% for Labor and 62.8% for the LNP, a swing of 13.7% from Labor's result of 2009. The LNP had been unbackable favourites to win the election. By the time the writs were dropped, they had led opinion polling for over a year, had been ahead of Labor on all but one Newspoll since 2010; the LNP swept Labor from power in a massive landslide, taking 78 seats to Labor's seven on a two-party-preferred swing of 13.7 points away from Labor. The 44-seat loss is double the 22-seat loss suffered by the Nationals in the 1989 election, the previous record for the worst defeat of a sitting government in Queensland history; the 13.7-percent swing is one of the largest against a sitting state government in Australia since World War II.
In the process, the LNP won. It broke Labor's longstanding grip on Brisbane, taking all but three of the city's 40 seats, some on swings of 10 points or more. By comparison, Labor went into the election holding all but six seats in the capital, its power base for over 20 years. In every election since the "one vote one value" reforms of the Goss government, Labor had won at least 30 seats in Brisbane; the LNP won every seat on the Gold Coast while strengthening its hold on its traditional heartlands in provincial and rural Queensland. Ten members of Bligh's cabinet were defeated. Newman won Ashgrove handily, defeating Labor's Kate Jones on a 13-point swing double the 7-point swing he needed to take the seat off Labor. ABC News called the election for the LNP at 6:48 pm Queensland time, less than an hour after counting began. Bligh conceded defeat at 8:25 pm, Newman publicly claimed victory 20 minutes later; the day after the election, Bligh resigned as Queensland Labor leader. She announced she was resigning from parliament on 30 March and retiring from politics, triggering a by-election in her seat of South Brisbane.
An hour Newman, who at the time did not know that Bligh had resigned, announced that he would be sworn in as premier on 26 March, heading an interim three-man cabinet composed of himself and Tim Nicholls. Although Newman's victory was beyond doubt, counting was still under way in some seats. Bligh handed in her resignation on the afternoon of 25 March, but remained as caretaker until Newman was sworn in the next day. Labor was reduced to its smallest presence in the legislature on record, outdoing its previous low in 1974, when it was cut down to a "cricket team" of only 11 members at the height of Joh Bjelke-Petersen's power. Indeed, Michael Madigan of The Courier-Mail wrote that Labor had been reduced to a "water polo squad."Although Labor came up two seats short of official party status in the legislature, Newman promised that Labor would be "properly resourced as an opposition". Labor lost 44 seats, all but one to the LNP. Katter's Australia Party took the other, but lost its leader's seat to the LNP, which gained three seats held by independents.
Candidates in italics did not contest their seat at this election. 1 Aidan McLindon was elected as a member of the LNP in 2009, but he quit the party to form the Queensland Party in 2010 merged his party with Katter's Australian Party in 2011.2 Rob Messenger was elected as a member of the LNP in 2009, but quit the party to become an independent in 2010. Queensland uses optional preferential version of the instant-runoff system in single-member electorates; the election was conducted by the Electoral Commission of Queensland, an independent body answerable to Parliament. Campbell Newman was elected leader of the LNP in early 2011. Standard practice calls for an MP from a safe seat to resign so that a newly elected leader can get into parliament via a by-election, though this is not universally followed. However, when Newman won the leadership in 2011, a by-election could not be arranged. For this reason, Jeff Seeney was elected as interim parliamentary leader of the LNP and Leader of the Opposition.
Newman led the LNP election team from outside of parliament sitting at the galleries, contested the seat of Ashgrove as the LNP candidate. In Queensland, a parliamentary term is a maximum of three years, measured from the day set for the return of the electoral writs; the previous state election was held on 21 March 2009 to elect the 89 members of the Legislative Assembly. Section 80 of the Queensland Electoral Act 19
Parliament of Queensland
The Parliament of Queensland is the legislature of Queensland, Australia. According to the state's constitution, the Parliament consists of the Queen and the Legislative Assembly, it is the only unicameral state parliament in the country. The upper chamber, the Legislative Council, was abolished in 1922; the Legislative Assembly sits in Parliament House in Brisbane. All laws applicable in Queensland are authorised by the Parliament of Queensland, with the exception of specific legislation defined in the Constitution of Australia, criminal law applying under the Australia Act 1986 as well as older laws passed by New South Wales and the United Kingdom because the state having been was a colony. Following the outcome of the 2015 election, successful amendments to the electoral act in early 2016 include: adding an additional four parliamentary seats from 89 to 93, changing from optional preferential voting to full-preferential voting, moving from unfixed three-year terms to fixed four-year terms.
The Parliament was founded 22 May 1860, less than a year after the Colony of Queensland was created in June 1859. It was convened at military and convict barracks converted for the purpose located on Queen Street, Brisbane. Immigration was an important issue for the early Parliament. Population growth was encouraged with new settlers enticed by land ownership; the official flag of Queensland was adopted in 1867. In 1915, Queensland became the first state to make voting compulsory at state elections. Since 1 April 2003, live audio broadcasts have streamed through the internet from the Parliament while it is in session. In June 2007, the Parliament started broadcasting video of parliamentary proceedings. Nine in-house television cameras are used to record sessions; the first female Speaker, Fiona Simpson was elected on 15 May 2012. The Assembly has 93 Members of Parliament; these are intended to represent the same population in each electorate. Voting is by the Full Preferential Voting system, with elections held once every three years.
In April 2016, legislation was passed to increase the number of seats in the parliament by four to a total of 93. An amendment was passed to abolish optional preferential voting. A referendum held the previous month was passed, supporting a bill to establish fixed four-year terms; the role of the monarch in Parliament is to give royal assent to legislation. This function is in practice exercised by the Governor of Queensland, who conventionally will never refuse assent to a bill that has passed the Legislative Assembly; the party or coalition with the most seats in the house is invited by the Governor to form a government. The leader of that party subsequently becomes Premier of Queensland. In the Liberal National Party, the Premier selects members of their party to act as Ministers. In the Labor Party, the Ministers are elected by partyroom ballot, with the Leader assigning ministerial portfolios to each one. Once all winning candidates have been declared, the Governor of Queensland proclaims a date for the start of the new Parliament.
It is the role of the Clerk of the Parliament to call members to attendance. According to the Constitution of Queensland Act 2001, members of Parliament must swear an oath or affirmation to the Sovereign as well as an oath of office before signing a Roll of Members; the Clerk of the Parliament has the power to swear in members. Sworn-in representatives are required to elect a Speaker to preside over the House's business. Before this occurs the Clerk may point to the next member who may speak. Once elected the Speaker is presented to the Governor at Government House; the ceremonial opening of the new Parliament is marked by a speech by the Governor. Traditionally the speech is written by the new government and it may outline current activities, budget details and proposed lists of legislation which are intended to be introduced. A day in Parliament begins with housekeeping matters, including prayers and the tabling of any documents. An opportunity is given to Ministers to make statements. During a period of no more than an hour, known as question time, any member may pose a question to a Minister.
As of February 2019, the composition of Parliament is: 47 votes as a majority are required to pass legislation. Next Queensland state election Parliaments of the Australian states and territories Legislative Assembly of Queensland List of members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly Palaszczuk Ministry Official website
Division of Longman
The Division of Longman is an Australian Electoral Division in Queensland. The division was first proclaimed in 1994; the division is named after Irene Longman, the first female member of the Parliament of Queensland and the third woman elected to a parliament in Australia. Wyatt Roy, who represented the electorate between 2010 and 2016, was Australia's youngest parliamentarian elected at the time. Longman covers much of the Moreton Bay Region, including the former Caboolture Shire and some of the former Pine Rivers, its boundaries include Beachmere, Bribie Island, Dakabin, Kallangur, Toorbul, Morayfield, Wamuran and Narangba. Division of Longman — Australian Electoral Commission