Cartoon Network is an American pay television channel owned by Warner Bros. Entertainment, a division of AT&T's WarnerMedia; the channel was launched on October 1, 1992, broadcasts animated television series children's programming, ranging from action to animated comedy. It operates from 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM and is targeted at children between ages 7 and 15, its overnight daypart block Adult Swim is aimed at adults and is treated as a separate entity for promotional purposes and as a separate channel by Nielsen for ratings purposes. A Spanish language audio track for select programs is accessible via second audio programing; as of September 2018, Cartoon Network is available to 89.212 million pay television households in the United States. On August 4, 1986, Ted Turner's Turner Broadcasting System acquired Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists from Kirk Kerkorian. However, Turner kept much of MGM's film and television library made prior to May 1986 and formed Turner Entertainment Co. On October 3, 1988, its cable channel Turner Network Television was launched and had gained an audience with its extensive film library.
At this time, Turner's animation library included the MGM cartoon library, the pre-1948 color Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts, the Harman-Ising Merrie Melodies shorts, the Fleischer Studios/Famous Studios Popeye cartoons. In 1991, Turner beat out bidders including MCA Inc. and Hallmark Cards when it made a deal to purchase animation studio Hanna-Barbera Productions for $320 million. On February 18, 1992, Turner announced its plans to launch the Cartoon Network as an outlet for Turner's considerable library of animation. On October 1, 1992, Cartoon Network launched to the finale of Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture with a backdrop of cartoon explosions, followed by a special event called Droopy's Guide to the Cartoon Network hosted by the MGM cartoon character Droopy, during which the first cartoon on the network, Rhapsody Rabbit, was shown. Initial programming on the channel consisted of reruns of Warner Bros. cartoons, the 1933–1957 Popeye cartoons, MGM cartoons, Hanna-Barbera cartoons.
At first, cable providers in New York City. C.. By the time the network launched, Cartoon Network had an 8,500-hour cartoon library. From its launch until 1995, the network's announcers said the network's name with the word "The" added before "Cartoon Network", thus calling the network "The Cartoon Network". By the time that the network debuted, Cartoon Network operated a programming block that aired on TNT, entitled "Cartoon Network on TNT". Cartoon Network was not the first cable channel to have relied on cartoons to attract an audience. Turner Broadcasting System had defied conventional wisdom before by launching CNN, a channel providing 24-hour news coverage; the concept was thought unlikely to attract a sufficient audience to be profitable, however the CNN experiment had been successful and Turner hoped that Cartoon Network would find success. The channel would broadcast cartoons 24 hours a day. Most of the short cartoons were aired in half-hour or hour-long packages separated by character or studio – Down Wit' Droopy D aired old Droopy Dog shorts, The Tom and Jerry Show presented the classic cat-and-mouse team, Bugs and Daffy Tonight provided classic Looney Tunes shorts.
Late Night Black and White showed early black-and-white cartoons, ToonHeads would show three shorts with a similar theme and provide trivia about the cartoons. There was an afternoon cartoon block called High Noon Toons, hosted by cowboy hand puppets; the majority of the classic animation, shown on Cartoon Network no longer airs on a regular basis, but Tom and Jerry and Looney Tunes, still aired and lasted until 2017. A challenge for Cartoon Network was to overcome its low penetration of existing cable systems; when launched on October 1, 1992, the channel was only carried by 233 cable systems. However, it benefited from package deals. New subscribers to sister channels TNT and TBS could get access to Cartoon Network through such deals; the high ratings of Cartoon Network over the following couple of years led to more cable systems including it. By the end of 1994, Cartoon Network had become "the fifth most popular cable channel in the United States". For the first few years of Cartoon Network's existence, programming meant for the channel would be simulcast on TBS and/or TNT, both of which were still full-service cable networks that carried a variety of different programming genera, in order to increase the shows' exposure.
The network's first exclusive original show was The Moxy Show, an animation anthology series first airing in 1993. The first series produced by Cartoon Network was Space Ghost Coast to Coast in 1994, but the show consisted of "recycled animation cells" from
The Horezu Monastery or Hurezi Monastery was founded in 1690 by Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu in the town of Horezu, Romania. It is considered to be a masterpiece of "Brâncovenesc style", known for its architectural purity and balance, the richness of its sculpted detail, its treatment of religious compositions, its votive portraits, its painted decorative works; the Brâncovenesc style, which can be found at several other churches and monasteries in Wallachia, is the only true and original Romanian style and is called "Brancoveanu art" by the name of the ruler who, in a period of constant battles between the world powers of that time, put cultural development of the country above everything and made it the goal of his life. The monastery has been inscribed by UNESCO on its list of World Heritage Sites. List of World Heritage Sites in Romania UNESCO World Heritage List - Horezu entry Hurezi Monastery at Romanian-monasteries.go.ro
In mathematics and physics, super Minkowski space or Minkowski superspace is a supersymmetric extension of Minkowski space, sometimes used as the base manifold for superfields. It is acted on by the super Poincaré algebra. Informally, super Minkowski space can be thought of as the super Poincaré algebra modulo the algebra of the Lorentz group, in the same way that ordinary Minkowski spacetime can be viewed as the cosets of the ordinary Poincaré algebra modulo the action of the Lorentz algebra; the coset space is affine, a nilpotent anti-commuting behavior of the fermionic directions arises from the Clifford algebra associated with the Lorentz group. The underlying supermanifold of super Minkowski space is isomorphic to a super vector space given by the direct sum of ordinary Minkowski spacetime in d dimensions and a number N of real spinor representations of the Lorentz algebra; however this construction is misleading for two reasons: first, super Minkowski space is an affine space over a group rather than a group, or in other words it has no distinguished "origin", second, the underlying supergroup of translations is not a super vector space but a nilpotent supergroup of nilpotent length 2.
This supergroup has the following Lie algebra. Suppose that M is Minkowski space, S is a finite sum of irreducible real spinor representations. There is an invariant symmetric bilinear map from S×S to M, positive definite in the sense that the image of s×s is in the closed positive cone of M, is nonzero if s is nonzero; this bilinear map is unique up to isomorphism. The Lie superalgebra has M as its part, S as its odd or fermionic part, the Lie bracket is given by; the dimensions of the irreducible real spinor representations for various dimensions d of spacetime are given by the following table: The table repeats whenever the dimension increases by 8, except that the dimensions of the spin representations are multiplied by 16. In the physics literature, Minkowski spacetime is specified by giving the dimension d of the bosonic part, the number of times N that each irreducible spinor representation occurs in the odd fermionic part. In mathematics, Minkowski spacetime is sometimes specified in the form Mm|n where m is the dimension of the part and n the dimension of the odd part.
The relation is as follows: the integer d in the physics notation is the integer m in the mathematics notation, while the integer n in the mathematics notation is a power of 2 times the integer N in the physics notation, where the power of 2 is the dimension of the irreducible real spinor representation. For example, the d = 4, N = 1 Minkowski spacetime is M4|4 while the N = 2 Minkowski spacetime is M4|8; when the dimension d or m is 2 mod 4 there are two different irreducible real spinor representations, authors use various different conventions. In physics the letter P is used for a basis of the bosonic part of the Lie superalgebra, the letter Q is used for a basis of the complexification of the odd fermionic part, so in particular the structure constants of the Lie superalgebra may be complex rather than real; the basis elements Q come in complex conjugate pairs, so the real subspace can be recovered as the fixed points of complex conjugation. Deligne, Pierre. Edward, Quantum fields and strings: a course for mathematicians, Vol. 1, Providence, R.
I.: American Mathematical Society, pp. 41–97, ISBN 978-0-8218-1198-6, MR 1701597