Carver County, Minnesota

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Carver County, Minnesota
Carver County Justice Center, Minnesota (34480327800).jpg
Carver County Sheriff's Office and Justice Center in Chaska, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Carver County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 20, 1855[1]
Named forJonathan Carver
SeatChaska
Largest cityChaska
Area
 • Total376 sq mi (974 km2)
 • Land354 sq mi (917 km2)
 • Water22 sq mi (57 km2), 5.8%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)103,551
 • Density288/sq mi (111/km2)
Congressional districts3rd, 6th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.carver.mn.us

Carver County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 91,042,[2] its county seat is Chaska.[3] Carver County is named for explorer Jonathan Carver, who in 1766–67, traveled from Boston to the Minnesota River, and wintered among the Sioux near the site of New Ulm.[4]

Carver County is part of the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

The Minnesota River flows east-northeasterly along the county's southern border; the South Fork of the Crow River flows northeasterly through the upper western and central portions of the county. Carver Creek flows southeasterly from the county's central area, discharging into the Minnesota at the county's southern border; the terrain consists of low rolling hills, dotted with lakes in the eastern portion. The area is devoted to agriculture;[5] the terrain slopes to the east and south, with its northwest corner at 1,024' (312m) ASL.[6] A small hill 1.6 miles (2.6 km) northeast of Miller Lake[5] rises to 1,080' (329m) ASL, for the county's highest point.[7]

The county has a total area of 376 square miles (970 km2), of which 354 square miles (920 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (5.8%) is water.[8] It is Minnesota's second-smallest county by land area and third-smallest by total area.

Soils of Carver County[9]
Soils of the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum area

Carver is one of seven southern Minnesota counties with no forest soils; only prairie ecosystems of savannas and prairies can be found in Carver County, it is also one of 17 Minnesota counties where savanna soils dominate.

Lakes[edit]

Lake Waconia

Carver County is home to seven lakes, 235 acres or larger; the largest is Lake Waconia, Minnesota's 73rd largest lake and the Twin Cities' second largest lake, with an area of 2,996 acres.[10]

Township Lakes
Benton Township Barlous Lake, Benton Lake, Maria Lake, Meuwissen Lake, Myers Lake, Rice Lake, Winkler Lake
Camden Township Berliner Lake, Eagle Lake, Smith Lake
Dahlgren Township Aue Lake
Hancock Township Assumption Lake, Gaystock Lake, Maria Lake, Miller Lake,
Hollywood Township Lippert Lake
Laketown Township Carl Krey Lake, Lake Auburn, Lake Virginia, Lake Waconia, Lake Zumbra, Lunsten Lake, Marsh Lake, Parley Lake, Piersons Lake, Reitz Lake, Schutz Lake, Stieger Lake, Sunny Lake, Turbid Lake, Wasserman Lake, Lake Bavaria
San Francisco Township Hallquist Lake, Kelly Lake, Long Lake, Scott Lake,
Waconia Township Burandt Lake, Donders Lake, Goose Lake, Hydes Lake, Lake Minnewashta, Lake Patterson, Lake Waconia, Rutz Lake, Swan Lake
Watertown Township Buck Lake, Goose Lake, Lippert Lake, Mud Lake, Oak Lake, Swede Lake
Young America Township Barnes Lake, Brand Lake, Braunworth Lake, Tiger Lake, Young America Lake

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Assumption State Wildlife Management Area
  • Carver Park Preserve
  • Gravel Pit State Wildlife Management Area
  • Lake Minnewashta Regional Park
  • Minnesota Landscape Arboretum
  • Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Minnesota Valley State Recreation Area (part)
  • Waconia State Wildlife Management Area

Climate and weather[edit]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Chaska have ranged from a low of 4 °F (−16 °C) in January to a high of 81 °F (27 °C) in July, although a record low of −41 °F (−41 °C) was recorded in January 1970 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.66 inches (17 mm) in February to 5.05 inches (128 mm) in August.[11]

Climate chart for Carver County, Minnesota
Chaska, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
0.7
 
 
22
4
 
 
0.7
 
 
28
9
 
 
1.7
 
 
40
21
 
 
2.5
 
 
57
34
 
 
3.7
 
 
69
46
 
 
4.6
 
 
78
56
 
 
3.5
 
 
81
60
 
 
5.1
 
 
78
58
 
 
3.4
 
 
71
49
 
 
2.5
 
 
58
36
 
 
1.6
 
 
41
23
 
 
1
 
 
26
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18605,106
187011,586126.9%
188014,14022.0%
189016,53216.9%
190017,5446.1%
191017,455−0.5%
192016,946−2.9%
193016,936−0.1%
194017,6064.0%
195018,1553.1%
196021,35817.6%
197028,33132.6%
198037,04630.8%
199047,91529.3%
200070,20546.5%
201091,04229.7%
Est. 2018103,551[12]13.7%
US Decennial Census[13]
1790–1960[14] 1900–1990[15]
1990–2000[16] 2010–2018[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

2010[edit]

The ethnic makeup of the county, according to the 2010 census, was the following:

There were 33,486 households out of which 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.22.

The median income for a household in the county was $83,773, and the median income for a family was $96,913. Males had a median income of $66,150 versus $46,696 for females; the per capita income for the county was $37,457. About 3.3% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.[17]

2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 70,205 people, 24,356 households, and 18,778 families in the county; the population density was 198/sqmi (76.6/km²). There were 24,883 housing units at an average density of 70.3/sqmi (27.1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.95% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.56% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 2.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.3% were of German, 12.1% Norwegian, 7.1% Irish and 6.2% Swedish ancestry.

There were 24,356 households out of which 45.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.40% were married couples living together, 7.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.90% were non-families. 18.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.26.

The county population contained 31.50% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 34.70% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $65,540, and the median income for a family was $73,577 (these figures had risen to $78,035 and $89,100 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $47,271 versus $32,107 for females; the per capita income for the county was $28,486. About 2.30% of families and 3.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.60% of those under age 18 and 6.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics[edit]

Government[edit]

Like all counties in Minnesota, Carver is governed by an elected and nonpartisan board of commissioners; each commissioner represents a district of approximately equal population.

County commissioners[edit]

The county commission elects a chair who presides at meetings. Commissioners as of November 2018:[18]

District Commissioner In office since Current term expires on Dec 31 of
1st Gayle O. Degler 2002 2020
2nd Tom Workman 2002 2022
3rd Randy Maluchnik 2006 2020
4th Tim Lynch 2004 2022
5th James Ische 1996 2020

Politics[edit]

As Carver County becomes more suburban and less rural in character, with 90% of its residents now living in its cities, it is becoming more of a battleground territory, especially in the eastern half of the county and in its two largest cities, Chaska and Chanhassen. Traditionally, the county has tended to vote for Republicans. Since World War II, the county has never voted for a Democratic candidate for president; the last time Carver County voted for a Democrat was in 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt's landslide win against incumbent Herbert Hoover,[19] and the only other occurrence since 1896 was Woodrow Wilson in 1912, when the Republicans were bitterly divided. Since 1944, the only time Carver County voted for a non-Republican candidate in a gubernatorial race was in 1998, Jesse Ventura’s historic third party upset.[20]

Carver County is divided into two congressional districts; the eastern area, adjacent to Hennepin County and Scott County, is represented by Minnesota's 3rd congressional district (CPVI D+1); the remainder of the county is represented by Minnesota's 6th congressional district (CPVI R+12).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 52.2% 29,056 38.6% 21,508 9.2% 5,132
2012 58.9% 31,155 39.2% 20,745 1.9% 999
2008 56.7% 28,156 41.6% 20,654 1.8% 873
2004 62.8% 28,510 36.2% 16,456 1.0% 445
2000 59.4% 20,790 35.6% 12,462 5.1% 1,769
1996 44.0% 12,380 41.0% 11,554 15.0% 4,234
1992 38.3% 10,201 31.4% 8,349 30.3% 8,054
1988 59.2% 12,560 39.8% 8,439 1.1% 229
1984 63.6% 11,963 35.8% 6,725 0.6% 121
1980 53.6% 9,909 35.8% 6,621 10.6% 1,951
1976 50.2% 8,199 46.3% 7,574 3.5% 574
1972 61.5% 8,546 34.9% 4,852 3.7% 507
1968 56.4% 6,649 39.0% 4,590 4.6% 541
1964 51.4% 5,424 48.5% 5,123 0.1% 11
1960 60.9% 6,231 38.9% 3,982 0.1% 14
1956 72.5% 6,226 27.2% 2,334 0.3% 29
1952 75.4% 6,674 24.4% 2,159 0.2% 15
1948 61.2% 4,582 37.6% 2,816 1.1% 84
1944 78.4% 5,823 21.1% 1,565 0.5% 39
1940 78.6% 6,528 21.1% 1,753 0.3% 22
1936 42.4% 3,095 38.6% 2,814 19.0% 1,383
1932 36.3% 2,508 62.7% 4,328 1.0% 66
1928 57.7% 3,983 41.8% 2,885 0.5% 33
1924 40.2% 2,214 6.5% 358 53.3% 2,936
1920 87.3% 5,073 9.7% 562 3.0% 175
1916 65.6% 1,950 32.3% 960 2.2% 64
1912 26.9% 742 36.5% 1,008 36.6% 1,012[22]
1908 60.0% 1,739 38.0% 1,101 2.0% 57
1904 70.4% 1,735 27.3% 672 2.3% 56
1900 59.5% 1,775 38.4% 1,146 2.0% 60
1896 58.3% 1,856 39.8% 1,268 2.0% 62
1892 40.4% 1,191 49.5% 1,462 10.1% 299

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[5][edit]

Townships[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 70.
  5. ^ a b c d Carver County MN Google Maps (accessed 6 March 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude/Carver County MN" Google Maps (accessed 6 March 2019)
  7. ^ Carver County High Point, Minnesota. PeakBagger.com (accessed 5 May 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  9. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 49–52. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  10. ^ "Fisheries Lake Surveys - MN Dept of Natural Resources". www.dnr.state.mn.us. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Chaska MN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2018.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ Carver County Board of Commissioners (accessed 6 March 2019)
  19. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  20. ^ "Election Results – Minnesota Legislative Reference Library". www.leg.state.mn.us. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  22. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 933 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 41 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 30 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 8 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°49′N 93°48′W / 44.82°N 93.80°W / 44.82; -93.80