Utica Township, Clark County, Indiana
Utica Township is one of twelve townships in Clark County, Indiana. As of the 2010 census, its population was 6,016 and it contained 2,422 housing units. Utica Township was organized in 1831, it was named after the town of Indiana. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 22.01 square miles, of which 21.64 square miles is land and 0.36 square miles is water. Jeffersonville Utica Longview Beach Prather River Ridge Watson Charlestown Township Jeffersonville Township Silver Creek Township Interstate 265 Indiana State Road 3 The township contains many cemeteries: Adams Family, Briar Hill, Friend, Koonz Cemetery, Lentz Family, Lentz Heirs, New Chapel, Queen of Heaven, Stacy, Union and Washington. United States Census Bureau cartographic boundary files U. S. Board on Geographic Names Indiana Township Association United Township Association of Indiana
Borden is a town in Wood Township, Clark County, United States. The population was 808 at the 2010 census; the town's official name was New Providence until December 29, 1994. The town was founded in 1816 by Rhode Islander John Borden and was named New Providence, after the Rhode Island capital of Providence. William W. Borden, son of John Borden, was a scholar and distinguished citizen of New Providence and earned his wealth in the Leadville, silver mines, becoming one of Clark County's wealthiest citizens. In 1884, the Borden Institute was founded by William W. Borden as a college for teacher preparation and laboratory-based scientific studies, he established within the town a library and a museum with an extensive geological collection that became an important and valuable collection in Chicago's Field Museum following his death. His final crown jewel within the community was his elaborate family mansion situated on a hill overlooking the town; the town honored William W. Borden by unofficially renaming the town and post office Borden because of his generosity and influence within the community his father founded.
The Borden Institute closed in 1906 and around 1910 became used as William W. Borden High School, or Borden High School; the Institute served this purpose until 1955 when a new elementary and Jr-Sr High School were built adjacent to the Institute. The museum still stands and houses some of the original books from the Borden Library and is used as a community center; the Borden Mansion still stands and has been occupied by the Emil Stark family since the early 1970s. Following its use as a high school, the Borden Institute fell into disrepair and was razed in 1983 after a decade long effort by citizens to preserve it. Borden is served by the CSX rail system and was once one of the main loading points for carloads of strawberries shipped by The Borden-Pekin Berry Growers Association north along the Monon Rail; the large volume of strawberries supplied by the area farmers influenced the naming of the athletic teams at Borden High School. The teams were nicknamed the Borden Berries in 1934 and the name was used until 1966 when it was changed by the student body to the Borden Braves.
Strawberries continue to be farmed in the Borden area in nearby Starlight, Indiana where the Starlight Strawberry Festival is held each Memorial Day weekend. A well known establishment in Borden is Brewer's General Store; this family owned store was opened by John Brewer in 1931 and was owned and managed by the extended Brewer family until its closing in 2012. Due to Borden's rural setting, Brewer's took pride in marketing itself as a provider of goods in the scenic "Hillbilly" Valley. Favorites of the store included a large wheel of Wisconsin Rat Trap Cheese, Amish hard candies and Hillbilly Popsickles. In the 1960s, several dams were constructed along the tributaries leading to Muddy Fork, which runs through the town; this helped keep Borden from being flooded during heavy rains. On April 3, 1974, a F4 tornado struck the west side of Borden before moving into nearby Daisy Hill, killing one person. On May 27, 2004, an F2 tornado struck the northern edge of the town, doing damage to homes and the trees on the hillside but causing no deaths.
On March 2, 2012, another F4 tornado hit nearby Pekin and the northern Borden community of Daisy Hill before moving along to Henryville and points further northeast. This tornado did extensive damage to these areas and was responsible for deaths in Pekin and other Indiana towns and counties. In the early 2000s, William W. Borden High School underwent an expansion project and a new building was built in place of the school parking lot. A new parking lot was built at the old Borden Park. With the help of donations from the community and the generosity of the Koetter Family of Starlight, the town built a new Borden Community Park on the East end of Borden near the former Kimball International plant, along Muddy Fork, it includes basketball and tennis courts, a soccer field, a little league baseball complex, a walking path along the fork, a war memorial for local residents who served in the military. The Borden Valley Day Festival is held in the park annually on the second Saturday in June. In 2013, Borden High School won its first state championships.
The Braves beat University in the Semi-State round 47-44 in front of a standing room-only crowd in nearby Seymour, Indiana. On March 23, 2013, the Borden Braves as well as the entire town, came into Bankers Life Fieldhouse and won their first state championship 55-50. Cody Bachman held. After this state championship run, there was a video made about the Borden Braves titled How'Bout Them Braves, the rallying cry of the Borden faithful during the run. One local native is Joe Huber, regionally known as the founder of the Joe Huber's Family Farm and Restaurant in Starlight. Norman M. Coats of Kirkwood, Missouri has written a book called Growing Up on Daisy Hill, which chronicles his early years being born and raised in the nearby hills and hollows of Borden during the Great Depression. Borden is the former home of ten-time ARCA champion Frank Kimmel. Borden is located at 38°28′14″N 85°56′49″W. According to the 2010 census, Borden has a total area of all land; as of the 2010 census, there were 808 people, 321 households, 222 families residing in the town.
The population density was 581.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 356 housing units at an average density of 256.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.9% White, 0.5% from other ra
Charlestown Township, Clark County, Indiana
Charlestown Township is one of twelve townships in Clark County, Indiana. As of the 2010 census, its population was 13,450 and it contained 5,382 housing units. Charlestown Township was organized in 1817. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 65.09 square miles, of which 64.49 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles is water. Charlestown Otisco Rolling Hills Springville Oregon Township Owen Township Utica Township Silver Creek Township Union Township Monroe Township Indiana State Road 3 Indiana State Road 62 Indiana State Road 160 Indiana State Road 403 The township contains several cemeteries: Armstrong Cemetery, Baird Cemetery, Caldwell, Charlestown, County Poor Farm, Douglas, Fifty-four, Goodwin/Nicholson, Hester-Rowland, Long, Mathes, McCormick, McDonald, Montgomery, Otisco Cemetery, Pleasant Grove, Robinson, Salem Methodist Church, Shelby Cemetery, Silver Creek Cemetery, St. Michael's, James Stuart Plantation and Worrell/Worrall. "Charlestown Township, Clark County, Indiana".
Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-09-24. United States Census Bureau cartographic boundary files Indiana Township Association United Township Association of Indiana
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Clark County, Indiana
Clark County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana, located directly across the Ohio River from Kentucky. At the 2010 Census, the population was 110,232; the county seat is Jeffersonville. Clark County is part of KY -- IN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Clark County lies on the north bank of the Ohio River. A significant gateway to the state of Indiana, Clark County's settlement began in 1783; the state of Virginia rewarded General George Rogers Clark and his regiment for their victorious capture of Forts Kaskaskia and Vincennes from the British by granting them 150,000 acres of land. A small portion of this land, 1,000 acres, became known as Clarksville, the first authorized American settlement in the Northwest Territory, founded the next year in 1784. Clark County was formed On February 1801 from Knox County. Counties formed all or in part from Clark County were: Crawford, Fayette, Franklin, Jackson, Jennings, Ripley, Scott, Union and Wayne; the first county seat and court was established in Springville, Indiana on April 7, 1801.
The platting of Jeffersonville occurred a year and the county seat was fixed to Jeffersonville on June 9, 1802 by order of Governor William Henry Harrison. By December 14, 1810 the county seat changed for the third time to Charlestown and it would remain there until 1873; the county seat changed for one last time on September 23, 1873 and returned to Jeffersonville with mayor Luther Warder campaigning for the county seat's return. From its beginning Clark County's history and growth have been linked to the development of the river; the use of the steamboat in the early nineteenth century to transport goods and services provided Clark County opportunities for commercial and industrial growth. In 1832, James Howard founded the Howard shipyards making Clark County a leader in ship building and bringing with it economic growth; the railroad brought further economic growth. Two railroad lines, the Monon, which spanned from New Albany to Chicago and the Jeffersonville and Indianapolis Railroad, provided Clark County and southern Indiana with access to the northern trading centers of Indianapolis and Chicago.
Industries locating to Clark County during the nineteenth century included the Louisville Cement Company in Speed and the Ford Plate Glass Company established in Jeffersonville in 1876. During the 1920s, Clark County attracted the Colgate-Palmolive Company to the Clarksville Riverfront. Colgate purchased the former Indiana Reformatory building in 1923; the company rehabilitated and adapted the building for its dedication in 1924. They stayed in business until early 2008. Throughout the years of the Second World War, Clark County prospered; the United States began construction on the Indiana Arsenal near Charlestown in 1940. Producing smokeless powder for the conflict overseas, the arsenal, at times, employed as many as 20,000. During the war, Howard shipyards was Commissioned by the Navy to produce landing craft. Howard shipyards reorganized as Jeffersonville Boat and Machine Company — a current major employer. After World War II ended, Clark County as well as the United States experienced significant residential and commercial growth.
The Interstate Highway System act of 1956 aided this growth. Because of the improved access and efficiency brought by the interstate system Interstate 65, new development in the form of subdivisions and shopping centers located near these roads. Clark County history has been associated with the development of the Ohio River. From its beginnings, Clark County relied on the river for economic opportunities. Clark County has diversified its economic base, lessened its dependency on the river, continues to develop in new directions. However, the county still looks to the river as one link to its significant pioneer heritage. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 376.45 square miles, of which 372.86 square miles is land and 3.60 square miles is water. Scott County - north Jefferson County - northeast Trimble County, Kentucky - east Oldham County, Kentucky - southeast Jefferson County, Kentucky - south Floyd County - west Washington County - northwest Charlestown Jeffersonville Borden Clarksville Sellersburg Utica Henryville Memphis New Washington Andalusia Claysburg Oregon Port Fulton Springville KJVY - Clark Regional Airport In recent years, average temperatures in Jeffersonville have ranged from a low of 25 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −22 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 107 °F was recorded in July 1936.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.79 inches in October to 4.88 inches in May. Two towns in Clark County and Henryville suffered major damage during the tornado outbreak of March 2–3, 2012. For most of its history, Clark County was a Democratic-leaning county, its politics more in line with neighboring Kentucky than Indiana. However, the county voted for the national winner in all but 2 elections from 1924 to 2004. Since the start of the second millennium, the county has trended Republican, moving away from its previous near-bellwether status; the county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The seven member county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Fou
Indiana is a U. S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 17th most populous of the 50 United States, its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U. S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, Illinois to the west. Before becoming a territory, various indigenous peoples and Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States. Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $359.12 billion in 2017. Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races.
The state's name means "Land of the Indians", or "Indian Land". It stems from Indiana's territorial history. On May 7, 1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the western section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a part of this territorial land became the geographic area for the new state. A resident of Indiana is known as a Hoosier; the etymology of this word is disputed, but the leading theory, as advanced by the Indiana Historical Bureau and the Indiana Historical Society, has "Hoosier" originating from Virginia, the Carolinas, Tennessee as a term for a backwoodsman, a rough countryman, or a country bumpkin. The first inhabitants in what is now Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, who arrived about 8000 BC after the melting of the glaciers at the end of the Ice Age. Divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads, they created stone tools made out of chert by chipping and flaking.
The Archaic period, which began between 5000 and 4000 BC, covered the next phase of indigenous culture. The people developed new tools as well as techniques to cook food, an important step in civilization; such new tools included different types of spear knives, with various forms of notches. They made ground-stone tools such as woodworking tools and grinding stones. During the latter part of the period, they built earthwork mounds and middens, which showed that settlements were becoming more permanent; the Archaic period ended at about 1500 BC, although some Archaic people lived until 700 BC. The Woodland period commenced around 1500 BC. During this period, the people created ceramics and pottery, extended their cultivation of plants. An early Woodland period group named the Adena people had elegant burial rituals, featuring log tombs beneath earth mounds. In the middle portion of the Woodland period, the Hopewell people began developing long-range trade of goods. Nearing the end of the stage, the people developed productive cultivation and adaptation of agriculture, growing such crops as corn and squash.
The Woodland period ended around 1000 AD. The Mississippian culture emerged, lasting from 1000 AD until the 15th century, shortly before the arrival of Europeans. During this stage, the people created large urban settlements designed according to their cosmology, with large mounds and plazas defining ceremonial and public spaces; the concentrated settlements depended on the agricultural surpluses. One such complex was the Angel Mounds, they had large public areas such as plazas and platform mounds, where leaders lived or conducted rituals. Mississippian civilization collapsed in Indiana during the mid-15th century for reasons that remain unclear; the historic Native American tribes in the area at the time of European encounter spoke different languages of the Algonquian family. They included the Shawnee and Illini, they were joined by refugee tribes from eastern regions including the Delaware who settled in the White and Whitewater River Valleys. In 1679, French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was the first European to cross into Indiana after reaching present-day South Bend at the Saint Joseph River.
He returned the following year to learn about the region. French-Canadian fur traders soon arrived, bringing blankets, tools and weapons to trade for skins with the Native Americans. By 1702, Sieur Juchereau established the first trading post near Vincennes. In 1715, Sieur de Vincennes built Fort Miami at Kekionga, now Fort Wayne. In 1717, another Canadian, Picote de Beletre, built Fort Ouiatenon on the Wabash River, to try to control Native American trade routes from Lake Erie to the Mississippi River. In 1732, Sieur de Vincennes built a second fur trading post at Vincennes. French Canadian settlers, who had left the earlier post because of hostilities, returned in larger numbers. In a period of a few years, British colonists arrived from the East and contended against the Canadians for control of the lucrative fur trade. Fighting between the French and British colonists occurred throughout the 1750s as a result; the Native American tribes of Indiana sided with th
A civil township is a used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries coincide and may geographically subdivide a county; the U. S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. There are 20 states with civil townships. Township functions are overseen by a governing board and a clerk or trustee. Township officers include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor and surveyor. In the 20th century, many townships added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases, townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, cemetery services.
In some states, a township and a municipality, coterminous with that township may wholly or consolidate their operations. Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority. In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships, are but not always, overlaid on survey townships; the degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois delegate these services to the county. Most townships in Illinois provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation, emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county; the townships in Illinois each have a township board, whose board members were called township trustees, a single township supervisor. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a consistent manner statewide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a single township trustee and a three-member board.
Civil townships in these states are not incorporated, nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships are corporate entities, some can become reformulated as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township". In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban, but this is not reflected in the township's name. In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality, though these overlaps are sometimes overlooked by mistake.
Ten other states allow townships and municipalities to overlap. In Kansas, some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county. In New England, the states are subdivided into towns, which are functioning municipal corporations that provide most local services. While counties exist in New England, for the most part they serve as dividing lines for state judicial systems. With the exception of a few remote areas of New Hampshire and Maine, every square foot of New England lies within the borders of an incorporated town. New England has cities, most of which are towns whose residents have voted to replace the town meeting form of government with a city form. In portions of New Hampshire and Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase". In New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government.
Towns fulfill a function similar to those of townships in other states. As is the case in most of New England, every square foot of New York's territory is incorporated. New York towns contain one or more incorporated villages, village residents pay both town and village taxes. Towns include a number of unincorporated hamlets. A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance, it acts the same as a borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles. A New Jersey township is similar, in that it is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, borough, or city, provides similar services to a Pennsylvania township. In the South, outside cities and towns there is no local government other than the county. North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including