Abando known as San Vicente de Abando, is one of the eight districts of Bilbao, Basque Country. It covers most of the city's centre, located on the left bank of the estuary of Bilbao, it is the only district of Bilbao with all of its land urbanised. Abando was an elizate and a municipality until 1876, when part of it was annexed to Bilbao, the rest of the elizate's municipal land was integrated into Bilbao in 1890. In 2016 the population was 50,903; the exact moment of the foundation of Abando is unknown, as it is common with other elizates across Biscay. In the year 1300, the city of Bilbao was founded by Diego López V de Haro in the place of a small settlement at the right bank of the estuary; this settlement had its rights as a city confirmed by King Ferdinand V of Castile and its charter document included jurisdiction over the lands at the other side of the San Antón Bridge, an area called Allende la Puente and today known as Bilbao la Vieja, which belonged to Abando. During the 18th century Abando grew to be the most populous elizate of Biscay, with around 2,100 inhabitants.
This population was distributed across several rural neighbourhoods composed of farm houses. These neighbourhoods were Bilbao la Vieja, Mena-Urizar-Larrasquitu, Olaveaga and Ibaizabal. In 1835, during the First Carlist War, the siege weapons and artillery used for the siege of Bilbao were stored in the sacristy of the San Vicente church of Abando; the railroad arrived in 1863 with the opening of the rail line to Urduña. This railway was constructed to connect Bilbao and Biscay with Castile, was expanded to reach Castejón; this led to the establishment of the Bilbao-Tudela Railway Company, which constructed a terminus railway station in Abando, where the Irish Charles Blacker Vignoles worked as an engineer. The company was absorbed by the Compañía de los Caminos de Hierro del Norte in 1878 and the ownership of the railway station passed to them. During the 19th century Bilbao had become congested and needed more land to grow in size, in 1870 part of the land belonging to Abando was annexed to the city, with the objective of carrying out the construction of an ensanche.
The annexation of the entire elizate of Abando occurred in 1890. The ensanche project of Alzola, Achúcarro and Hoffmeyer architects was approved in 1876, Abando was to become the modern center of Bilbao, with wide straight boulevards in a grid layout, the main one being Gran Vía de Don Diego López de Haro, contrasting with the maze of narrow alleys of the Casco Viejo, the old town of Bilbao. Sabino Arana, father of Basque nationalism and founder of the Basque Nationalist Party was born in Abando in 1865, when it was still a separate municipality. Today the districts of Abando and Basurto are built in what was the old elizate of Abando. In recent years the northern part of the district has been refurbished to create the new area of Abandoibarra, a vast industrial area on the shore of the Estuary of Bilbao that now has been renewed and hosts the Guggenheim Bilbao Museum, Euskalduna Palace and many recreational and residential areas like the Isozaki Atea towers; the district is today the central commercial area of Bilbao.
Abando is located in a large plain. Abando borders to the north with the estuary, across of which are located the districts of Uribarri and Deusto. To the east are the districts of Deusto and Basurto-Zorroza and to the south the districts of Errekalde and Ibaiondo, district which Abando borders to the west, it covers an area of 0.82 square miles. Politically and administratively, the district of Abando is divided into two neighbourhoods: Abando Indautxu In 2017 Abando had a population of 51,622 people, out of which 15.6% were children under the age of 18, 26% were 65 years old or older. In 2015 5.8% were immigrants. Abando is the location of the Bilbao-Abando railway station, the largest train station in Bilbao, with long-distance passenger trains operated by Renfe to Galicia and Barcelona as well as intercity services to Miranda de Ebro. Bilbao-Abando is the terminus station for the commuter-rail network Cercanías Bilbao with frequent services to Santurtzi and Urduña; this station is connected to the Euskotren Tranbia tramway services and Metro Bilbao lines one and two.
Located in Abando is the Bilbao-Concordia station, operated by Renfe Feve, with local services to Balmaseda and Karrantza as well as intercity services to Santander and León. Metro Bilbao has three stations located in the district, which are Abando and Indautxu, the three of which are served by line 1 and line 2; the tramway line operated by Euskotren Tranbia has seven stations in the district: Abando, Pío Baroja, Guggenheim, Abandoibarra and Sabino Arana. The district is served by numerous Bilbobus lines that connect Abando with other districts across the city, the main stops are located in Moyúa and in the Gran Vía by the Birbila Plaza. In Moyua and by the train station there are Bizkaibus stops that include direct services to Bilbao Airport and other municipalities across Biscay; the district has seven bridges crossing the estuary of Bilbao and the main streets are the Gran Vía de Don Diego López de Haro, considered the main avenue of the city. It crosses the district transversally connecting the Biribila Plaza, where it intersects with the Hurtado de Amézaga street to Errekalde.
Euskotren Tranbia known as Euskotran is an Urban transit tramway system that operates lines in the cities of Vitoria-Gasteiz and Bilbao, plus one under construction in Leioa and an other one, in the city of Barakaldo, all of them in the Basque Country. It began operations for the first time in Bilbao in 2002 and in Vitoria in 2008, it is one of the four commercial brands under which Basque Railways operates, as a public company managed by the Basque Government. The entire network, as the Euskotren Trena network, uses 1,000 mm narrow gauge rail tracks. Euskotren Tranbia operates the tram services, while Euskotren Trena operates the commuter rail networks, Euskotren Autobusa the bus services and Euskotren Kargo the freight rail services. Since 2006 Euskotren Tranbia known as "Euskotran", is the commercial brand for operator of the tram network, while the network itself is owned by the public entity Euskal Trenbide Sarea. In 2012 the commercial brand changed from Euskotran to Euskotren Tranbia with the word tranbia being Basque for "tram".
Euskotren Tranbia operates tram networks in Vitoria-Gasteiz and Bilbao, plus one being under construction in Leioa to connect in the future the campus of the University of the Basque Country with Leioa and with the Urbinaga metro station, in Sestao. The first network named EuskoTran and Euskotran started in Bilbao in 2002, after two years under construction, connecting the Bilbao-Atxuri Station with Uribitarte; the line was expanded to the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, the hospital of Basurto and La Casilla. The tramway of Vitoria-Gasteiz opened in 2008 and has a Y-shaped network, with two different lines that cross the city from south to north. Euskotran Tranbia runs on a mixture of street track shared with other traffic, dedicated tracks and grass tracks, it shares dedicated tracks with the local bus services, TUVISA in Vitoria and Bilbobus in Bilbao The tram has its own, distinguishable stops, some of them shared with bus systems and with low platforms. The stops of Bilbao-Atxuri Station and Abando, all of them in Bilbao, do not have their own separate stop, they use the sidewalk.
Except for Bilbao-Atxuri and Legibitzarra/Parlamento, the second one in the Vitoria network, all stops are unstaffed and rely on automated ticket machines. All the stations have displays and screens with the network map, the current time and temperature and the frequencies. Due the low platforms, the access between them involves crossing the tracks by pedestrian level crossing, they are level with the doors and are all wider than 2 m. This allows wheelchairs, prams and the elderly to board the tram with no steps. In street sections, the pavement is integrated with the tram stop; the Bilbao line has 14 stops, while the Vitoria one has 20. The Euskotren Tranbia networks serves the following stations. Bilbao's tram uses both regular paper tickets than can be acquired in the automated machines in every stop; the ticket pricing is not based on zone-based rules, as there's a unique price for the whole network. The Creditrans is available in the whole network. In the future the smart electronic card Barik will be available for use as well.
A simple ticket costs €1,40 or €0,70 as of 2012. Vitoria's tram uses both regular paper tickets and the electronic cards BAT, which work for the TUVISA bus system; the TUVISA bus cards are valid. The ticket pricing is not based on zone-based rules, as there's a unique price for the whole network. A simple ticket costs €1,25 or €0,66 as of 2012. Euskotren Tranbia operates with the Urbos series produced by the Basque company CAF; each 25 m long tram can carry 50 of them seated. Access to the trams is at platform level, making it easy for handicapped passengers to get on and off through the tram's eight doors. Speakers in the trams announce each stop. All trams are equipped with air conditioning; the trams are painted in the colours of Euskotren Tranbia. The tramway for the municipality of Leioa, in the Greater Bilbao area is under construction and is going through two phases being on the first one, the construction of the future depots and offices; the second phase will involve the line itself including the rail track and stops from the University of the Basque Country campus to downtown Leioa.
It will include nine stations: University campus II University campus I Sarriena Rotonda de Sarriena Edificio consistorial/Udaletxea Avenida Sabino Arana Plaza de los Arkupes/Sakoneta Boulevard Udondo Leioa A third phase would make the tramway cross the Estuary of Bilbao and connect Leioa with the Left Bank with two extra stations: La Punta Urbinaga There are plans to expand the Vitoria's tram network to the south, across the Renfe train station and reaching the campus of the University of the Basque Country. There are planned extensions for the tramway of Bilbao, including reaching the Deusto and Basurto-Zorroza districts in the northern area and Bolueta and Etxebarri in the southern Greater Bilbao. There are plans to create a tram network in the municipality of Barakaldo, in the Greater Bilbao area, which would start in Urbinaga station and from there create a circular line through the center of the city; the tramway would have 15
Bilbao la Vieja
Bilbao La Vieja in Spanish, "Old Bilbao" in English and Bilbo Zaharra in Basque. It is part of the 5th district of the city. In the city center, it lies right across the estuary, on the left bank of the Nervion River, united to the Old Town by the bridge of San Anton pictured above. Bilbao La Vieja is the oldest neighbourhood of Bilbao, being older than the medieval urban district, founded in 1300; the development of Bilbao la Vieja was linked to that of the Miribilla mines, on the top of the Miribilla mountain behind the old neighborhood. Redeveloped as a newly built neighborhood. Bilbao La Vieja was traditionally, it was some of the first land used as an expansion of the medieval city was undertaken in the 18th and 19th centuries and became a fashionable neighborhood by the end of the 19th century. Due to its strategic location within the city of Bilbao and the end of the minery days years ago, Bilbao la Vieja is getting through a deep gentrification process. Under the municipal government's new initiatives the neighborhood is redeveloping, with a number of new businesses and subsidies aimed at urban renewal and attracting the young to the area.
This initiative has been very fruitful thus far. Many new shops and young entrepreneurs are setting up shop; the neighborhood is home to a growing immigrant population, making it one of the most vibrant communities in Bilbao. Direct from Abando. Direct from Casco Viejo through Ribera bridge, el Merced bridge and San Antón bridge. 8 minutes from Moyúa. Bilbao la Vieja has no stations itself. However, a number of them lie right next to it: Abando station Casco Viejo station Bilbao la Vieja has no stations itself. However, a number of them lie right next to it: Abando station Atxuri station Lines and stops: Café Nervión, Calle La Naja, 7 La Viña, Calle San Francisco, 17 Marzana, Calle Marzana, 16 Bullit Groove Club, Calle Dos de Mayo, 3 Conjunto Vacío, Muelle de la Merced, 3 El balcón de la Lola, Calle de Bailén, 10 Le Club, Muelle Marzana, 4 BilboRock. A church, now refurbished as concert hall. Local and international bands. À Table, Calle Dos de Mayo, 18 Ágape, Calle Hernani, 13 Berebar, Calle San Francisco, 65 El Churrasco, Calle Conde Mirasol, 9 Bilbao la Vieja, San Francisco Zabala FORUM Bilbao en Construcción
A pub crawl is the act of drinking in multiple pubs or bars in a single night. Many European cities have public pub crawls that serve as social gatherings for local expatriates and tourists, they enable participants to become acquainted with new bars in a strange city. In the UK, pub crawls are spontaneous nights out in which the participants arrange to meet somewhere and decide over drinks where to drink next. Structured routes with regular stops are rare. Most drinking sessions based around a special occasion such as a birthday or a leaving celebration will involve a pub-crawl with the group splitting up but agreeing on meeting at the next location, it is a common sight in UK towns to see several groups orbiting the various drinking locations with little apparent coherence or structure. In the north of Spain, around the Basque Country, the tradition for groups of male friends crawling pubs and drinking a short glass of wine at each pub, singing traditional songs, is known as txikiteo or chiquiteo, can be held at night or day.
By the end of the 20th century, it was extended to women, when it involves a wider variety of drinks, it is more called poteo. The SantaCon pub crawl originated in San Francisco in 1994 and has since spread to 300 cities in 44 countries, including New York City. London, Vancouver and Moscow; the New York SantaCon is the largest, with an estimated 30,000 people participating in 2012. Other events were more subdued, with 30 participating in Spokane, Washington. In New York City, where it has taken place since 1997, it has come under widespread criticism for rowdiness by participants, with drunken behavior that has disrupted parts of Manhattan and Brooklyn, led to calls for the event to be ended and for participant misbehavior to be curbed. Former Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly said that despite "some rowdy actions by a small handful of people in the past," SantaCon was "an event that we support. It’s what makes New York New York." During the New York City SantaCon in 2012, participants "left a trail of trouble" through Hell's Kitchen, Midtown Manhattan, the East Village and Williamsburg.
Residents complained revelers fought with each other. In London, the London Santa Pub Crawl has been held each December since 2004; the event sees participants dress up as Santa Claus, visit a selection of London pubs along a pre-planned route. From just 25 participants in its first year, the event now sees more than 300 Santas take to the streets to enjoy the festivities. Participants are asked to donate to support the event's nominated charity, more than £5,000 has been raised over the years for the British Red Cross and St Christopher's Hospice; the 2014 London Santa Pub Crawl will take place on Saturday 13 December 2014. In Brisbane, the Christmas Pub Crawl runs each year on the first Saturday following the end of the school year in December; this event has been running annually since 1982 and is now "the world's longest running pub crawl". Santa-themed pub crawls take place each December in the towns of Wollongong and Grafton, with proceeds donated to charity. In 2015 local police were opposed by the mayor.
A pub crawl is run annually by The Adelaide University Engineering Society. The event attracts students from all over South Australia to as many as 34 local clubs. In 2015 the event had 6000 participants while 2013 both had 5000 participants; the Mining and Metallurgy Association at the University of Queensland have been awarded the Brisbane City Council and University of Queensland Union Award for Social Activities of the Year due to their well-known Pub Crawl. A pub crawl held annually in Maryborough, Australia, attracted 4,718 participants on 14 June 2009. An annual St. Patrick's Day bar crawl, LepreCon, takes place in New Jersey; the 2016 event, held in the evening 5–6 March, degenerated into a violent brawl. Fifteen people were arrested and 35 hospitalized, including two police officers; the officers were injured. Hoboken police responded to 432 calls from service during the event and issued 54 tickets for public drinking; the 2015 event resulted in 11 arrests. The 2016 LepreCont cost the City of Hoboken $110,000 in police overtime.
Two hundred officers were deployed for the event. Hoboken's police chief, Ken Ferrante, said he was "disturbed by the repeated behavior, occurring on these types of themed events," and said he "will not tolerate having any of our officers injured, for the purposes of a few to make a financial profit at the expense of our residents."Running A Tab Pub Run takes place monthly in San Antonio, is hosted by WeRunSanAntonio. The original Running A Tab Pub Run covered 5 miles in downtown San Antonio; the starting point was the historic Sunset Station and finished at the Blue Star Brewery and Art Complex. The event is held in conjunction with San Antonio's First Friday Art Walk. In 2009 the route was modified to accommodate the more than 500 participants every month. Running A Tab now consists of a 3-mile downtown loop and 5 bars/restaurants. A theme is selected every month and participants dress in costume in accordance with the theme; the event is open to the public. In Charlotte, North Carolina, there is a yearly pub crawl on Saint Patrick's Day.
In 2012 the pub crawl had more than 15,000 participants 6000 more than the previous year which had 8987. In Louisville, the "Bambi Walk" has been underway since the 1980s. In Minneapolis, Minnesota, a zombie-themed pub crawl commenced in 2005 and had gr
Casco Viejo, Panama
Casco Viejo known as Casco Antiguo or San Felipe, is the historic district of Panama City. Completed and settled in 1673, it was built following the near-total destruction of the original Panamá city, Panamá Viejo in 1671, when the latter was attacked by pirates, it was designated a World Heritage Site in 1997. Panama City was founded on August 15, 1519 and it lasted one hundred and fifty-two years. In January 1671, the Governor Juan Perez de Guzman had it set on fire, before the attack and looting by the pirate Henry Morgan. In 1672, Antonio Fernández de Córdoba initiated the construction of a new city, founded on January 21, 1673; this city was built on a peninsula isolated by the sea and a defensive system of walls. Today this place preserves the first buildings of the modern city of Panama, it is known as Casco Viejo. La Catedral Metropolitana is the main Catholic church in Panama city. El Palacio de las Garzas, is the governmental residence of the President of Panama. Church and Convent of San Francisco de Asís.
Church of San José Church of La Merced Church and Convent of Santo Domingo: Arco Chato Church and convent of the Society of Jesus. Palacio Municipal, which dates from the beginning of the 20th century. Palacio Nacional National Theatre of Panama Panama Canal Museum Palacio Bolívar Góngora House Plaza Bolívar Plaza Herrera Plaza de Francia Plaza de la Independencia Official website
Begoña or more puristically but more spelled Begoina, meaning'the lower foot', is a historical municipality of Biscay, incorporated to Bilbao in 1925. It included all the uplands south and east of the medieval walled town, that now form the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and parts of 5th urban districts of Bilbao. Nowadays the name is limited to the district including Santutxu and Begoña proper, a small residential neighbourhood between the Basilica and the garden area of Etxebarria Park. A notable person with this given name is a Spanish Olympic judoka. Due to its association with a church dedicated to Our Lady of Begoña, the name of the neighbourhood is a popular name of women in the Basque Country
San Francisco (Bilbao)
San Francisco is an important neighbourhood of Bilbao, in the Basque Country, one of the most run down areas. In the last decades, it has absorbed much of the immigration received by the city and has been integrated into the Ibaiondo district, it is crossed by the San Francisco street, among other less important ones, borders the following other neighbourhoods: Casco Viejo, Bilbao La Vieja, Miribilla and Abando. The railway line and station separate San Francisco and Zabala from Abando, the centre of the city, Irala, while the neighbourhood is separated from Casco Viejo by the estuary. Two bridges cross the estuary San Francisco and Casco Viejo: La Merced bridge, in one direction only for vehicles, El Perro Chico pedestrian bridge; the former church of La Merced has been converted into a public concert space known as Bilborrock. The neighbourhood holds a museum of artistic reproductions