Albiano d'Ivrea is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 45 kilometres northeast of Turin. Albiano d'Ivrea borders the following municipalities: Bollengo, Palazzo Canavese, Azeglio and Vestignè; the economy is based on cereals and forage production. The Baroque church of San Martino Vescovo di Tours is located in the city
Stura di Lanzo
Stura di Lanzo is a 65-kilometre long river in north-western Italy, in the Metropolitan City of Turin. It is formed from several tributaries near Lanzo Torinese, it flows into the river Po in Turin. The name Stura has Celtic origin: stur, which means "to fall". Media related to Stura di Lanzo at Wikimedia Commons
Bollengo is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, about 50 kilometres northeast of Turin. It borders the municipalities of Torrazzo, Ivrea, Palazzo Canavese, Albiano d'Ivrea and Azeglio
Avigliana is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Piedmont region or Italy, with 12,480 inhabitants as of January 1, 2017. It lies about 25 kilometres west of Turin in the Susa valley, on the highway going from Turin to Frejus, France, it is best known for Lago Grande and Lago Piccolo. Nearby is the massive Sacra di San Michele. In 574 the Lombard King Cleph built a castle here. According to some sources, the battle between the Franks of Pippin the Younger and the Lombards of Aistulf occurred in the nearby in 750. Avigliana depended from the Abbey of Novalesa, subsequently it was a possession of the House of Savoy. Avigliana was captured by Emperor Henry VI in 1187, but it was acquired by Thomas I of Savoy. In 1536, in the course of the Italian Wars, it was again stormed by French troops. French attacks repeated in the latter with the destruction of the castle. Ruins of the castle, destroyed in the seventeenth century by the French. Church of San Giovanni, with several works by Defendente Ferrari.
The Romanesque church of San Pietro. Natural Park of the Lakes of Avigliana. Avigliana has two gates on the A32 Bardonecchia-Turin motorway, it has a station on the Turin-Modane railroad. Tresserve, France "Avigliana". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3. 1911. P. 53. Official website
Democratic Party (Italy)
The Democratic Party is a social-democratic political party in Italy. The party's secretary is Nicola Zingaretti, elected in March 2019, while Paolo Gentiloni serves as president; the PD was founded on 14 October 2007 upon the merger of various centre-left parties, part of The Olive Tree list and The Union coalition in the 2006 general election. They notably included: the social-democratic Democrats of the Left, successors of the Italian Communist Party and the Democratic Party of the Left, folded with several social-democratic parties in 1998; the PD's main ideological trends are thus social democracy and the Italian Christian leftist tradition. The party has been influenced by social liberalism, present in some of the founding components of the DS and DL, more by a Third Way progressivism; the PD was the second-largest party in Italy in the 2018 general election, the third-largest in the Chamber of Deputies and the fourth-largest in the Senate. Between 2013 and 2018 the Italian government was led by three successive Democratic Prime Ministers: Enrico Letta, Matteo Renzi and Paolo Gentiloni.
As of April 2019, Democrats head eight regional governments, function as government coalition partners in two more regions. Prominent Democrats include Walter Veltroni, Dario Franceschini, Maurizio Martina, Piero Fassino, Marco Minniti, Graziano Delrio, Pier Carlo Padoan, Carlo Calenda, Maria Elena Boschi, Federica Mogherini, Debora Serracchiani, Lorenzo Guerini, Ettore Rosato, Matteo Orfini, Luigi Zanda, Sergio Chiamparino, Stefano Bonaccini, Vincenzo De Luca, Michele Emiliano, Giuseppe Sala, Leoluca Orlando, Virginio Merola and Dario Nardella. Former members include Giorgio Napolitano, Sergio Mattarella, Romano Prodi, Giuliano Amato, Massimo D'Alema, Pier Luigi Bersani, Guglielmo Epifani, Francesco Rutelli and Pietro Grasso. In the early 1990s, following Tangentopoli scandals, the end of the so-called First Republic and the transformation of the Italian Communist Party into the Democratic Party of the Left, a process aimed at uniting left-wing and centre-left forces into a single political entity was started.
In 1995 Romano Prodi, a former minister of Industry on behalf of the left-wing faction of Christian Democracy, entered politics and founded The Olive Tree, a centre-left coalition including the PDS, the Italian People's Party, the Federation of the Greens, Italian Renewal, the Italian Socialists and Democratic Union. The coalition, in alliance with the Communist Refoundation Party, won the 1996 general election and Prodi became Prime Minister. In February 1998 the PDS merged with minor social-democratic parties to become the Democrats of the Left, while in March 2002 the PPI, RI and The Democrats became Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy. In the summer of 2003 Prodi suggested that the centre-left forces would participate in the 2004 European Parliament election with a common list. Whereas the Union of Democrats for Europe and the far-left parties refused, four parties accepted: the DS, DL, the Italian Democratic Socialists and the European Republicans Movement, they launched a joint list named "United in the Olive Tree", which ran in the election and garnered 31.1% of the vote.
The project was abandoned in 2005 by the SDI. In the 2006 general election the list obtained 31.3% of the vote for the Chamber of Deputies. The project of a "Democratic Party" was mentioned by Prodi as the natural evolution of The Olive Tree and was bluntly envisioned by Michele Salvati, a former centrist deputy of the DS, in an appeal in Il Foglio newspaper in April 2013; the term Partito Democratico was used for the first time in a formal context by the DL and DS members of the Regional Council of Veneto, who chose to form a joint group named The Olive Tree – Venetian Democratic Party in March 2007. The 2006 election result, anticipated by the 2005 primary election in which over four million voters endorsed Prodi as candidate for Prime Minister, gave a push to the project of a unified centre-left party. Eight parties agreed to merge into the PD: Democrats of the Left Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy. Southern Democratic Party. While the DL agreed to the merger with no resistance, the DS experienced a more heated final congress.
On 19 April 2007 75% of party members voted in support of the merger of the DS into the PD. The left-wing opposition, led by Fabio Mussi, obtained just 15% of the support within the party. A third motion, presented by Gavino Angius and supportive of the PD only within the Party of European Socialists, obtained 10% of the vote. During and following the congress, both Mussi and Angius announced their intention not to joi
Arignano is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 15 kilometres east of Turin. It is home to the Rocca and the Castello Inferiore. Lake Arignano is located in the comune. Comillas, Spain
Turin is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy. It is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Turin and of the Piedmont region, was the first capital city of Italy from 1861 to 1865; the city is located on the western bank of the Po River, in front of Susa Valley, is surrounded by the western Alpine arch and Superga Hill. The population of the city proper is 878,074 while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants. The Turin metropolitan area is estimated by the OECD to have a population of 2.2 million. The city has a rich culture and history, being known for its numerous art galleries, churches, opera houses, parks, theatres, libraries and other venues. Turin is well known for its Renaissance, Rococo, Neo-classical, Art Nouveau architecture. Many of Turin's public squares, castles and elegant palazzi such as the Palazzo Madama, were built between the 16th and 18th centuries. A part of the historical center of Turin was inscribed in the World Heritage List under the name Residences of the Royal House of Savoy.
The city used to be a major European political center. From 1563, it was the capital of the Duchy of Savoy of the Kingdom of Sardinia ruled by the Royal House of Savoy, the first capital of the unified Italy from 1861 to 1865. Turin is sometimes called "the cradle of Italian liberty" for having been the birthplace and home of notable individuals who contributed to the Risorgimento, such as Cavour; the city hosts some of Italy's best universities, academies and gymnasia, such as the University of Turin, founded in the 15th century, the Turin Polytechnic. In addition, the city is home to museums such as the Mole Antonelliana. Turin's attractions make it one of the world's top 250 tourist destinations and the tenth most visited city in Italy in 2008. Though much of its political significance and importance had been lost by World War II, Turin became a major European crossroad for industry and trade, is part of the famous "industrial triangle" along with Milan and Genoa. Turin is ranked third after Milan and Rome, for economic strength.
With a GDP of $58 billion, Turin is the world's 78th richest city by purchasing power. As of 2018, the city has been ranked by GaWC as a Gamma World city. Turin is home to much of the Italian automotive industry. Turin is well known as the home of the Shroud of Turin, the football teams Juventus F. C. and Torino F. C. the headquarters of automobile manufacturers Fiat and Alfa Romeo, as host of the 2006 Winter Olympics. The Taurini were an ancient Celto-Ligurian Alpine people, who occupied the upper valley of the Po River, in the center of modern Piedmont. In 218 BC, they were attacked by Hannibal as he was allied with their long-standing enemies, the Insubres; the Taurini chief town was captured by Hannibal's forces after a three-day siege. As a people they are mentioned in history, it is believed that a Roman colony was established in 9 BC under the name of Julia Augusta Taurinorum. Both Livy and Strabo mention the Taurini's country as including one of the passes of the Alps, which points to a wider use of the name in earlier times.
In the 1st century BC, the Romans founded Augusta Taurinorum. The typical Roman street grid can still be seen in the modern city in the neighborhood known as the Quadrilatero Romano. Via Garibaldi traces the exact path of the Roman city's decumanus which began at the Porta Decumani incorporated into the Castello or Palazzo Madama; the Porta Palatina, on the north side of the current city centre, is still preserved in a park near the Cathedral. Remains of the Roman-period theater are preserved in the area of the Manica Nuova. Turin reached about 5,000 inhabitants at all living inside the high city walls. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the town was conquered by the Heruli and the Ostrogoths, recaptured by the Romans, but conquered again by the Lombards and the Franks of Charlemagne; the Contea di Torino was founded in the 940s and was held by the Arduinic dynasty until 1050. After the marriage of Adelaide of Susa with Humbert Biancamano's son Otto, the family of the Counts of Savoy gained control.
While the title of count was held by the Bishop as count of Turin it was ruled as a prince-bishopric by the Bishops. In 1230–1235 it was a lordship under the Marquess of Montferrat, styled Lord of Turin. At the end of the 13th century, when it was annexed to the Duchy of Savoy, the city had 20,000 inhabitants. Many of the gardens and palaces were built in the 15th century; the University of Turin was founded during this period. Emmanuel Philibert known under the nickname of Iron Head, made Turin the capital of the Duchy of Savoy in 1563. Piazza Reale and Via Nuova were added along with the first enlargement of the walls, in the first half of the 17th century. In the second half of that century, a second enlargement of the walls was planned and executed, with the building of the arcaded Via Po, connecting Piazza Castello with the bridge on the Po through the regular street grid. In 1706, during the Battle of Turin, the French besieged the city for 117 days without conquering it. By the Treaty of Utrecht the Duke of Savoy acquir