FC Dallas is an American professional soccer club based in the Dallas suburb of Frisco, Texas. The club competes as a member of Major League Soccer; the franchise began play in 1996 as a charter club of the league. The club was founded in 1995 as the Dallas Burn before adopting its current name in 2004. Dallas plays its home games at their 20,500-capacity soccer-specific Toyota Stadium, where they have played since 2005. In the club's early years, Dallas played their home games in the Cotton Bowl; the team is owned by the Hunt Sports Group led by brothers Clark Hunt and Dan Hunt, the team's president. The Hunt family owns the NFL's Kansas City Chiefs and part of the Chicago Bulls. FC Dallas in 2016 won their first Supporters' Shield. In 2010 they were runners-up in the MLS Cup, losing to the Colorado Rapids in extra time; the team has won the U. S. Open Cup on two occasions; the International Federation of Football History & Statistics, in its Club World Ranking for the year ending December 31, 2016, placed FC Dallas as the 190th best club in the world and the ninth best club in CONCACAF.
Dallas was awarded a Major League Soccer franchise on June 6, 1995, the same day as teams were awarded to Kansas City and Colorado. The team was given its name for the state's hot weather. On October 17, former Mexico international Hugo Sánchez was designated to the team as their first player. Not attracting investors, the Burn was financed by the league itself. On April 14, 1996, the Dallas Burn played their first game, defeating the San Jose Clash in a shootout win in front of a crowd of 27,779 fans at the Cotton Bowl. Five days Jason Kreis scored the team's first goal in a 3–0 home win over the Kansas City Wiz. With a record of 17–15, the Burn finished in second in the Western Conference behind the Los Angeles Galaxy, they lost in the best of three playoff semifinals to the Wiz after three games, the last one being decided by a shootout. Their first campaign in the U. S. Open Cup ended with a 2–3 home defeat in the semi-finals against D. C. United. In their second season, the Burn again reached the playoffs, where they lost in the conference finals to the Colorado Rapids.
In 1997, they won their first U. S. Open Cup by defeating the MLS Cup champions, D. C. United. In 1999, striker Kreis was voted the league's MVP for a season in which he became the first player to reach 15 goals and 15 assists; that season ended in the playoffs with a defeat to the Galaxy in the conference finals. In October 2000, head coach Dave Dir was fired, despite again taking the team to the playoffs for the fifth consecutive time. Dir's replacement in January 2001 was Mike Jeffries, who had won the 1998 MLS Cup and two U. S. Open Cups with the Chicago Fire. In his first season in charge, cut short as a result of the September 11 attacks, Dallas lost in the playoff quarterfinals to Jeffries' former team. For the 2003 season, the Burn relocated their home games from the Cotton Bowl to the much lower capacity Dragon Stadium in Southlake, a northern Fort Worth suburb; the team performed poorly in 2003 and Jeffries was fired in September. He was temporarily replaced by his former Northern Ireland international Colin Clarke.
The team missed the playoffs for the first time, having been one of only two teams to have qualified on all seven prior occasions. For the 2004 season, Clarke was named the permanent coach and the team returned to the Cotton Bowl, for a campaign in which they again missed the playoffs. In August, club owner Lamar Hunt announced that the club, would be re-branded and known as "FC Dallas" to coincide with their new soccer-specific stadium in Frisco for the 2005 season. In March 2005, FC Dallas signed Guatemalan forward Carlos Ruiz, who had scored 50 goals in 72 games for the Galaxy and earned the MVP award for helping them to the 2002 MLS Cup. On August 6, FC Dallas played their inaugural game at Pizza Hut Park and tied the New York/New Jersey MetroStars, 2–2. Ranked second in the West behind the San Jose Earthquakes, Dallas returned to the playoffs for the first time in two seasons, losing in the conference semifinals to Colorado in a penalty kick shootout, with Roberto Miña's attempt saved by Joe Cannon.
In 2006, the team finished the regular season at the top of the Western Conference, but lost in the playoffs in the conference semifinals again, leading to Clarke's dismissal. He was replaced by Steve Morrow. In 2007, a third consecutive playoff appearance ended at the same stage with a 4–2 aggregate defeat to fellow Texas club, the Houston Dynamo, who would go on to win their second consecutive MLS Cup. In 2005 and 2007, Dallas reached their first two U. S. Open Cup finals since their 1997 victory, losing both by one-goal margins to the Galaxy and the New England Revolution respectively. For the following two seasons, Dallas missed the MLS playoffs. During the 2008 season, Morrow was replaced by Schellas Hyndman. In 2009, the club signed Bryan Leyva as the club's first Homegrown Player from its development academy. In 2010, Dallas played in the MLS Cup for the first time, losing 2–1 after extra time to Colorado at BMO Field in Toronto, after an own goal by George John, they were the last of the surviving original MLS clubs to appear in the MLS Cup final.
On-loan Colombian midfielder David Ferreira was voted the league's MVP, having missed only one minute of the season, Hyndman won the MLS Coach of the Year Award. By finishing as runners-up in the MLS Cup, Dallas competed in the 2011–12 CONCACAF Champions League, their first time in the leading continental tournament. Following a victory in the preliminary round against Alianza F. C. of
Dallas the City of Dallas, is a city in the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U. S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U. S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.3 million people as of 2017. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U. S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton and oil in North and East Texas.
The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub, with four major interstate highways converging in the city and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas developed as a strong industrial and financial center and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. A "beta" global city, the economy of Dallas has been considered diverse with dominant sectors including defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications, transportation. Dallas is home to 9 Fortune 500 companies within the city limits; the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts additional Fortune 500 companies, including American Airlines, ExxonMobil and J. C. Penney. Over 41 colleges and universities are in its metropolitan area, the most of any metropolitan area in Texas; the city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and the sixth-largest LGBT population in the United States as of 2016.
WalletHub named Dallas the fifth most-diverse city in the U. S. in 2018. Preceded by thousands of years of varying cultures, the Caddo people inhabited the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. France claimed the area but never established much settlement. In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory; the area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas. Three years after Texas achieved independence, John Neely Bryan surveyed the area around present-day Dallas, he established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841.
The origin of the name is uncertain. The official historical marker states it was named after Vice President George M. Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, this is disputed. Other potential theories for the origin include his brother, Commodore Alexander James Dallas, as well as brothers Walter R. Dallas or James R. Dallas. A further theory gives the origin as the village of Dallas, Scotland, similar to the way Houston, Texas was named after Sam Houston whose ancestors came from the Scottish village of Houston, Renfrewshire; the Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year. Dallas was formally incorporated as a city on February 2, 1856. With the construction of railroads, Dallas became a business and trading center and was booming by the end of the 19th century, it became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, the Midwest. The Praetorian Building in Dallas of 15 stories, built in 1909, was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi and the tallest building in Texas for some time.
It marked the prominence of Dallas as a city. A racetrack for thoroughbreds was built and their owners established the Dallas Jockey Club. Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth; the rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing. In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited Downtown Dallas's Mexican Park in Little Mexico; the small neighborhood of Little Mexico was home to a Latin American population, drawn to Dallas by factors including the American Dream, better living conditions, the Mexican Revolution. On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Downtown Dallas; the upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in Downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states.
The gunman identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at 8:58 p.m. killing five officers and injuring nine. Two bystanders were injured; this marked the deadliest day for U. S. law enforcement since the September 11 attacks. Johnson told police during a standoff that he
2007 Pan American Games
The 2007 Pan American Games known as the XV Pan American Games, were a major continental multi-sport event that took place in Rio de Janeiro, from July 13 to July 29, 2007. A total of 5,633 athletes from 42 National Olympic Committees competed in 332 events in 34 sports and in 47 disciplines. During the Games, 95 new Pan American records were set. Rio de Janeiro was awarded the Games over San Antonio, United States, on August 24, 2002, having won an absolute majority of votes from the 51 members of the Pan American Sports Organization in the first round of voting during the XL PASO General Assembly held in Mexico City, Mexico; this was the first Games held in Brazil since the 1963 Pan American Games that took place in São Paulo. According to the Rio de Janeiro Organizing Committee, the Games called for the implementation of the country's largest organizational and logistic operation ever; the official bid was submitted in August 2001 during the XXXIX Pan American Sports Organization General Assembly held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
In April 2002, following delivery of Federal and City Government and BOC letters confirming country, state and Brazilian sport compliance with the applicable Games regulations, PASO announced the approval of Rio de Janeiro’s bid. The Bidding Committee submitted a detailed bid file for the Games; the document was prepared and developed with the assistance of Fundação Getúlio Vargas, commissioned by Rio de Janeiro's City Government. In the running to host the 2007 Pan American Games, Rio de Janeiro faced off with the city of San Antonio, United States. According to PASO statute and regulations, the host city was selected by direct voting during the XL PASO General Assembly held in Mexico City, Mexico, on August 24, 2002; the candidate city that received the simple majority of votes from representatives of the 42 member National Olympic Committees would be awarded the right to host the competition. The announcement was made by PASO President Mario Vázquez Raña. Rio de Janeiro received 30 votes against 21 from San Antonio.
Marked by a professional strategy that included the showing of city and project videos, Rio de Janeiro's campaign convinced the majority of voters, accounting for a total 51 votes. The 39-member Brazilian delegation erupted into boisterous celebration celebrating the country's highest achievement in terms of sporting event organization. * Host nation The organization of the Rio 2007 Games has chosen the figure of the Sun to represent the event. And, in a decision never taken before, it has defined it as the single mascot of the Pan American and Parapan American Games, such as the Brazilian expression, that the "Sol Brilha para Todos", reinforcing thus the principles against prejudice and that, like the sun, sport is for all; the character reflects the main characteristics of the host city and harmonizes with the graphic work developed for the logo and the visual identity of both Games. The name was chosen through popular voting by Internet, cellular phone messages and public ballot boxes placed around the main Brazilian cities, causing great commotion.
Over 1.2 million people participated in the election, the name Cauê received half of the votes. Traditionally used in large sport events, the mascot figure serves the purpose of cheering the event, enforcing the playful aspect of sports and captivating spectators and athletes; the mascot's main choice is to transmit messages of peace, respect to the environment and brotherhood, which are intrinsic values to the Olympic Movement. The 2007 Pan American Games torch relay was a 39-day torch run, from June 5 to July 13, 2007, held prior to the games. On June 4, the torch was lit at the torch lighting ceremony in Mexico; the flame was taken by a Brazilian Air Force craft to Santa Cruz Cabrália, Brazil, where the torch relay began. The Opening Ceremony of the XV Pan American Games took place on July 13, 2007. 90,000 people packed Rio de Janeiro's Maracanã Stadium for the occasion. The ceremony included a cast of 7,000 and a multimillion-dollar budget, being produced by Scott Givens. Over 800 people were part of the creative and production teams working on the Opening Ceremony, Team Welcome Ceremonies, Sports Production, the presentation of 2,252 medals, Sports Production, the Closing Ceremony and ParaPan ceremonies.
The show lasted for two and a half hours. The theme of the show was based on the theme of the Rio 2007 Games: Viva Essa Energia and the oath of the athletes was performed by Brazilian Taekwondo athlete Natália Falavigna. A abbreviated version of the Olympic Anthem was played. Contrary to plan, the games were not opened by Brazil's head of state, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, but by the head of the Brazilian Olympic Committee, Carlos Nuzman. Prior to the official opening, Lula had been booed whenever the in-stadium camera showed his image or when his name was mentioned; the competitions were carried through in a ray of 25 km, spread for four polar regions in the city. Marapendi Club – Tennis City of Sports Complex – Basketball, Artistic Gymnastics, Synchronised swimming, Roller Skating. Outeiro Hill – Cycling. Riocentro Complex – Badminton, Fencing, Rhythmic Gymnastics and Trampoline, Judo
Zachary Robert Loyd is an American soccer player who last played for Atlanta United. He played for FC Dallas in Major League Soccer and represented the USMNT. Loyd is the one of four sons of Kathleen Loyd. Loyd grew up in Verdigris, attended Verdigris High School and played college soccer at the University of North Carolina from 2006 to 2009. While at UNC, Loyd scored recorded 10 assists. Loyd garnered a spot on the NCAA College Cup All-Tournament Team his junior year. Loyd assisted Brian Shriver for a game-winning goal against No. 1 Wake Forest in the national semifinal, advancing UNC to the College Cup final to face Maryland. During his college years Loyd played for Carolina Dynamo in the USL Premier Development League. At the 2010 MLS SuperDraft Combine, experts praised Loyd's efforts, saying, "If Tchani was the best player at the combine, Loyd was the second most impressive, his ability to play well at whatever position he was put in showed off all of his many qualities, including a good passing touch, hard-nosed defending, a good ability to read the game, surprising pace."
"He's just a good all-around player, the scary part is, he didn't play much at what is his best position, defensive midfield," said another MLS head coach. "In our league, where you have the salary cap and the small roster, finding a player who can help you at a variety of positions is like finding gold." Loyd was drafted in the first round of the 2010 MLS SuperDraft by FC Dallas. He made his professional debut on April 10, 2010, in a game against Columbus Crew with Loyd playing all 90 minutes of the 2–2 draw. During the 2010 MLS season, Loyd appeared in 24 started 19 of them. Loyd was named to the MLS Team of Week 1 of the 2011 season for his performance against the Chicago Fire, he scored his first MLS goal on June 25, 2011, during a 4–0 win against the Portland Timbers. The goal came off a corner kick from Daniel Hernandez. Loyd scored FC Dallas' opening goal for the 2012 MLS season, in a match against the New York Red Bulls. Loyd spent his early years with Dallas as the starting right back.
In his years, he played more as a center back. After an injury cut short his 2016 season, Loyd was selected by Atlanta United in the 2016 expansion draft. After being put on the season-ending injury list in August 2017 the option on his contract was declined at the end of the 2017 season, his only game for Atlanta came in the US Open Cup. On January 22, 2011, Loyd made his international debut in a friendly match against Chile, where he started at the left-back position; the game ended in a 1–1 draw with Loyd playing 73 minutes. He was named Man of the Match. During his time at North Carolina, Loyd majored in exercise and sport science, planned a career as a teacher and coach after soccer. Loyd has three brothers, he married professional soccer player Casey Nogueira, whom he met when they both played soccer at North Carolina, on October 13, 2012. The couple coach Vickery United, a youth soccer team for refugees in the North Dallas neighborhood of Vickery Meadow. NCAA College Cup All-Tournament Team: 2008 NCAA Final Four Appearances: 2008, 2009 Major League Soccer Western Conference Championship: 2010 Major League Soccer Supporters' Shield: 2016 Lamar Hunt U.
S. Open Cup: 2016 Zach Loyd at Major League Soccer North Carolina bio Zach Loyd at National-Football-Teams.com
Lindsay Ann Tarpley Snow is an American professional soccer forward and midfielder. She is a two-time Olympic gold medalist, winning gold at the 2004 Athens and 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics, was a member of the United States women's national team that finished third at the 2007 Women's World Cup in China, she injured her knee during a match against Japan, on May 14, 2011, in Columbus Ohio missing the 2011 Women's World Cup, has not been called again to play for her national team. On February 7, 2013, Tarpley was drafted to play with the Chicago Red Stars for the 2013 NWSL season. Born in Madison, Tarpley grew up in Kalamazoo and attended Portage Central High School from 1998 to 2002. During her freshman season, she helped her school's women's soccer team reach the state semi-finals. In the following spring, she led her team to the state championship. Against Bishop Foley Catholic High School in the final match, she scored her team's first goal and assisted on her team's other two, including the winning shot in the penalty shootout.
She received several honors during her time there, including being named the 2002 Michigan Gatorade Player of the Year and the 2002 U. S. Soccer Chevrolet Young Female Player of the Year, in addition to being a 1999 NSCAA All-American and a Parade All-American in 2001 and 2002, she played varsity basketball for Portage Central, starting at point guard during all four of her seasons. While in high school, Tarpley played for W-League side Kalamazoo Quest in 1998 and 1999. In the autumn of 2002, Tarpley enrolled at the University of North Carolina. While there, she minored in coaching, she was a student-athlete, competed with the university's North Carolina Tar Heels women's soccer team. In her first season with the team, she was named ACC Rookie of the Year and the Soccer America and Soccer Buzz National Freshman of the Year. During her sophomore season, Tarpley led the nation in total points while leading the Tar Heels to the 2003 NCAA Women's Soccer Championship. Against Connecticut Huskies in the finals, she scored two goals and had two assists en route to winning the title.
She received numerous honors for her performance throughout the 2003 season, including ACC Player of the Year and Player of the Tournament, National Player of the Year, several All-America team honors. Injuries interfered with Tarpley's senior seasons, which reduced her playing time. Tarpley still managed to be named to the NSCAA All-America teams in both seasons. Tarpley finished her North Carolina career with 59 assists, her number 25 jersey was retired by the school in February 2006 during the halftime of a North Carolina Tar Heels men's basketball game. Tarpley played for the New Jersey Wildcats in 2005, where she played alongside Tobin Heath, Christine Latham, Karina LeBlanc, Heather O'Reilly, Cat Whitehill, Rachel Yankey, a number of other international players, she played in five games for the club, scored two goals with two assists. Upon the creation of a new top-flight women's league in the United States, Tarpley agreed to join Women's Professional Soccer, she was allocated to Chicago Red Stars along with USWNT players Carli Kate Markgraf.
In the inaugural 2009 Women's Professional Soccer season, Tarpley appeared in 17 games and scored four goals and four assists. On January 15, 2010 Lindsay was traded to the Saint Louis Athletica in exchange for goalkeeper Jillian Loyden. With the Athletica, she joined former North Carolina Tar Heel standouts Lori Chalupny, Kendall Fletcher and Kristina Larsen, she became a free agent on June 2010 with the dissolution of the Saint Louis Athletica. On June 3, it was announced by the Boston Breakers, she signed for magicJack ahead of the 2011 Women's Professional Soccer season. Tarpley began her international career representing the United States on the U-16 Girls National Team. From there, she moved to the United States U-19 team in 2002, she played in the 2002 FIFA U-19 Women's World Championship, the first FIFA-sanctioned youth tournament for women, scored the title clinching goal in extra time against Canada. She scored 24 goals. Tarpley soon moved to the United States U-21 team, where she made 8 appearances and scored 4 goals.
Half of her goals were scored at the 2003 Nordic Cup, while the other half was at the 2005 Nordic Cup. Tarpley first appeared for the senior team on January 2003 against Japan, her first goal came a little over a year on January 30, 2004 against Sweden. She appeared in the 2008 editions of the Olympic Games, winning a Gold Medal in each trip, she has played in the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup, in which the United States finished third. She earned her 100th cap on July 16, 2008 against Brazil in the last game before the 2008 Olympics, the 23rd player in USWNT history to reach this feat. A torn anterior cruciate ligament sustained in a warm-up match with Japan saw Tarpley ruled out of the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup. Olympic Games Gold Medal: 2004, 2008 FIFA Women's World Cup:Third Place: 2007 China NCAA Women's Soccer Championship: 2003 National Freshman of the Year: 2002 NCAA Division I Scoring Leader: 2003 College Soccer Player of the Year: 2003 Tarpley's husband, B. J. Snow, was appointed in January 2011 to coach the UCLA Bruins women's soccer team.
In July 2012, Tarpley and Snow had a son. In January 2013, B. J. Snow was appointed as the full-time head coach of United States women's national under-17 soccer team. Match report Lindsay Tarpley – FIFA competition record Official website Official blog US Soccer
Cedarburg is a city in Ozaukee County, United States. It is located about 20 miles north near the shores of Lake Michigan; the city is bordered by the village of Grafton to the Town of Cedarburg elsewhere. The population was 11,412 at the 2010 census; the first person to settle in the area was Joseph Gardenier, who built a log shanty on Cedar Creek, in what is now Hamilton. The shanty was his headquarters for surveying for the construction of the Green Bay Road. Ludwig Wilhelm Groth is credited with being the first settler, he purchased land from the government on October 22, 1842, began platting the banks of Cedar Creek. Frederick August Leuning, who immigrated to the area in 1843, built a cabin near Cedar Creek on what was the east end of the city, he called the cabin "Cedarburg", which meant "the castle of cedars". Soon afterwards, he built the Columbia Mill on that site. In December 1844 it was agreed. Groth envisioned a village along Cedar Creek and parceled out his land for those who would in the future build businesses and settle permanently.
Groth included all of north Cedarburg, everything above the interurban tracks to Bridge St. and from 3rd St. to Jefferson Ave. His untimely death in 1850 kept him from continuing land developments. In 1845, Frederick Hilgen and William Schroeder saw. After writing to Hilgen's brother-in-law, C. Frederick Boerner, they found financing for further development. Boerner loaned Hilgen and Schroeder thousands of dollars at half the going rate to develop the village of Cedarburg, they had built a gristmill on Cedar Creek. After eleven years of operation, they replaced the original structure with the five-story, stone Cedarburg Mill, which became the focal point of the new community. Five dams and mills were built along the creek in what are now the city and town of Cedarburg; the Hilgen Spring Park, begun in 1854, was a 74-acre resort, that attracted visitors from all over the Midwest. The Cedarburg Woolen Mill was founded in 1864 what in 1842 had been Groth's temporary brush house made of branches for protection from weather and wild beasts.
By 1893, it was the largest woolen mill west of Philadelphia. In 1897, a generator was installed. In 1901, the city contracted an electric plant with steam engines running two 75 kW generators, in 1909 the Cedarburg Electric Light Commission was formed to run the utility. In 1923, responsibility for water and sewerage was given to the utility, it was renamed the Light & Water Commission; the utility is still in business today, is one of 82 municipally owned electric utilities in Wisconsin. The woolen mill closed in 1968 and sat vacant for several years, until an offer was made to buy the buildings; the prospective owner intended to build a gas station and a mini-mart. Mayor, Stephan Fischer, told him he would need a demolition permit. There was no such thing. William Welty bought the buildings on the street, opening a restaurant. Jim Pape bought the mill buildings on the creekside, opening a winery. Known as the Cedar Creek Settlement, the rest of the space was rented out to shops and restaurants.
This began a tourism boom in Cedarburg. As the city became a quaint and pleasant place to visit, more galleries and studios opened, as well as souvenir shops and other attractions. Business associations started weekend festivals, which attracted more people to the city. In the summer months, local companies sponsor a concert series called Summer Sounds which takes place at Cedar Creek Park. Since 1974, many buildings in the city of Cedarburg have been added to the National Register of Historic Places; the individual sites, combined with the Historic Districts, include 216 buildings. Cedarburg Mill, added 1974 Columbia Historic District, 1992 Concordia Mill, 1974 Covered Bridge, the oldest remaining historic covered bridge in the state Friedrich and Louisa Hilgen House, 1992 Hilgen and Wittenberg Woolen Mill, 1978 Washington Avenue Historic District, 1986 Wayside House, 1982 Cedarburg is located at 43°17'56" North, 87°59'13" West. Cedar Creek runs through the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.87 square miles, of which, 4.83 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles is water.
Several sites in Cedarburg are on the Environmental Protection Agency's Superfund National Priorities List of hazardous waste sites. As of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $56,431, the median income for a family was $66,932. Males had a median income of $51,647 versus $30,979 for females; the per capita income for the city was $27,455. About 1.8% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 11,412 people, 4,691 households, 3,060 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,362.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,916 housing units at an average density of 1,017.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.8% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population. There were 4,691 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living t
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under