H. Rider Haggard
Sir Henry Rider Haggard, was an English writer of Adventure fiction set in exotic locations, predominantly Africa, a pioneer of the Lost World literary genre. He was involved in agricultural reform throughout the British Empire, his stories, situated at the lighter end of Victorian literature, continue to be popular and influential. Henry Rider Haggard known as H. Rider Haggard or Rider Haggard, was born at Bradenham, the eighth of ten children, to Sir William Meybohm Rider Haggard, a barrister, Ella Doveton, an author and poet, his father was born in Russia, to British parents. Haggard was sent to Garsington Rectory in Oxfordshire to study under Reverend H. J. Graham, but unlike his elder brothers who graduated from various private schools, he attended Ipswich Grammar School; this was because his father, who regarded him as somebody, not going to amount to much, could no longer afford to maintain his expensive private education. After failing his army entrance exam, he was sent to a private crammer in London to prepare for the entrance exam for the British Foreign Office, for which he never sat.
During his two years in London he came into contact with people interested in the study of psychical phenomena. In 1875, Haggard's father sent him to what is now South Africa to take up an unpaid position as assistant to the secretary to Sir Henry Bulwer, Lieutenant-Governor of the Colony of Natal. In 1876 he was transferred to the staff of Sir Theophilus Shepstone, Special Commissioner for the Transvaal, it was in this role that Haggard was present in Pretoria in April 1877 for the official announcement of the British annexation of the Boer Republic of the Transvaal. Indeed, Haggard raised the Union flag and read out much of the proclamation following the loss of voice of the official entrusted with the duty. At about that time, Haggard fell in love with Mary Elizabeth "Lilly" Jackson, whom he intended to marry once he obtained paid employment in Africa. In 1878 he became Registrar of the High Court in the Transvaal, wrote to his father informing him that he intended to return to England and marry her.
His father forbade it until Haggard had made a career for himself, by 1879 Jackson had married Frank Archer, a well-to-do banker. When Haggard returned to England, he married a friend of his sister, Marianna Louisa Margitson in 1880, the couple travelled to Africa together, they had a son named Jack and three daughters, Angela and Lilias. Lilias Rider Haggard became an author, edited The Rabbit Skin Cap and I Walked By Night, wrote a biography of her father entitled The Cloak That I Left. Moving back to England in 1882, the couple settled in Ditchingham, Louisa's ancestral home, they lived in Kessingland and had connections with the church in Bungay, Suffolk. Haggard turned to the study of law and was called to the bar in 1884, his practice of law was desultory and much of his time was taken up by the writing of novels which he saw as being more profitable. Haggard lived at 69 Gunterstone Road in Hammersmith, from mid-1885 to circa April 1888, it was at this Hammersmith address. Haggard was influenced by the larger-than-life adventurers whom he met in Colonial Africa, most notably Frederick Selous and Frederick Russell Burnham.
He created his Allan Quatermain adventures under their influence, during a time when great mineral wealth was being discovered in Africa, as well as the ruins of ancient lost civilisations of the continent, such as Great Zimbabwe. Three of his books, The Wizard, Black Heart and White Heart. Haggard belonged to the Athenaeum and Authors' clubs. Years when Haggard was a successful novelist, he was contacted by his former love, Lilly Archer, née Jackson, she had been deserted by her husband, who had embezzled funds entrusted to him and had fled bankrupt to Africa. Haggard saw to the children's education. Lilly followed her husband to Africa, where he infected her with syphilis before dying of it himself. Lilly returned to England in late 1907, where Haggard again supported her until her death on 22 April 1909; these details were not known until the publication of Haggard's 1981 biography by Sydney Higgins. After returning to England in 1882, Haggard published a book on the political situation in South Africa, as well as a handful of unsuccessful novels, before writing the book for which he is most famous, King Solomon's Mines.
He accepted a 10 percent royalty rather than £100 for the copyright. A sequel soon followed entitled Allan Quatermain, followed by She and its sequel Ayesha, swashbuckling adventure novels set in the context of the Scramble for Africa; the hugely popular King Solomon's Mines is sometimes considered the first of the Lost World genre. She is considered to be one of the classics of imaginative literature, and with 83 million copies sold by 1965, it is one of the best-selling books of all time. He is remembered for Nada the Lily and the epic Viking romance, Eric Brighteyes, his novels portray many of the stereotypes associated with colonialism, yet they are unusual for the degree of sympathy with which the native populations are portrayed. Africans play heroic roles in the novels, although the protagonists are European. Nota
E. F. Benson
Edward Frederic Benson was an English novelist, memoirist and short story writer. E. F. Benson was born at Wellington College in Berkshire, the fifth child of the headmaster, Edward White Benson, his wife born Mary Sidgwick. E. F. Benson was the younger brother of Arthur Christopher Benson, who wrote the words to "Land of Hope and Glory", Robert Hugh Benson, author of several novels and Roman Catholic apologetic works, Margaret Benson, an author and amateur Egyptologist. Two other siblings died young. Benson's parents had no grandchildren. Benson was educated at Temple Grove School at Marlborough College, where he wrote some of his earliest works and upon which he based his novel David Blaize, he continued his education at Cambridge. At Cambridge, he was a member of the Pitt Club, in life he became an honorary fellow of Magdalene College. At Cambridge he fell in love with Vincent Yorke. Benson wrote in his diary: "I feel mad about him just now... Ah, if only he knew, yet I think he does." Benson's first book published was Sketches From Marlborough.
He started his novel writing career with the fashionably controversial Dodo, an instant success, followed it with a variety of satire and romantic and supernatural melodrama. He repeated the success of Dodo, which featured a scathing description of composer and militant suffragette Ethel Smyth, with the same cast of characters a generation later: Dodo the Second, "a unique chronicle of the pre-1914 Bright Young Things" and Dodo Wonders, "a first-hand social history of the Great War in Mayfair and the Shires"; the Mapp and Lucia series, written late in his career, consists of six novels and two short stories. The novels are: Queen Lucia, Lucia in London, Miss Mapp and Lucia, Lucia's Progress and Trouble for Lucia; the short stories are "The Male Impersonator" and "Desirable Residences". Both appear in anthologies of Benson's short stories, the former is often appended to the end of the novel Miss Mapp; the last three novels were produced as a television series by London Weekend Television for the initiated Channel 4 during 1985–6 with the series title Mapp and Lucia and featuring Nigel Hawthorne, Geraldine McEwan and Prunella Scales.
During 2007, the television series was rerun by the British digital channel ITV3. A new 3-part adaptation written by Steve Pemberton was broadcast during three nights on BBC One. Benson was known as a writer of atmospheric and at times humorous or satirical ghost stories, which were first published in story magazines such as Pearson's Magazine or Hutchinson's Magazine, 20 of which were illustrated by Edmund Blampied; these "spook stories", as they were termed, were reprinted in collections by his principal publisher, Walter Hutchinson. His 1906 short story, "The Bus-Conductor", a fatal-crash premonition tale about a person haunted by a hearse driver, has been adapted several times, notably during 1944 and for a 1961 episode of The Twilight Zone; the catchphrase from the story, "Room for one more", created a legend, occurs in the 1986 Oingo Boingo song, "Dead Man's Party". Benson's story David Blaize and the Blue Door is a children's fantasy influenced by the work of Lewis Carroll. "Mr Tilly's Seance" is a witty and amusing story about a man flattened by a traction-engine who finds himself dead and conscious on the'other side'.
Other notable stories are the eerie "The Room in the Tower" and "Pirates". Benson is known for a series of biographies/autobiographies and memoirs, including one of Charlotte Brontë, his last book, delivered to his publisher ten days before his death, was an autobiography entitled Final Edition. H. P. Lovecraft spoke well of Benson's works in his essay "Supernatural Horror in Literature", most notably of his story "The Man Who Went Too Far". Further "Mapp and Lucia" books have been written by Tom Holt, Guy Fraser-Sampson, Ian Shepherd; the principal setting of four of the Mapp and Lucia books is a town named Tilling, recognizably based on Rye, East Sussex, where Benson lived for many years and served as mayor from 1934. Benson's home, Lamb House, served as the model for Mallards, Mapp's—- and Lucia's—- home in some of the Tilling series. There was a handsome "Garden Room" adjoining the street but it was destroyed by a bomb during the Second World War. Lamb House attracted writers: it was earlier the home of Henry James, of Rumer Godden.
He donated a church window of the main parish church in Rye, St Mary's, in memory of his brother, as well as providing a gift of a viewing platform overlooking the Town Salts. E. F. Benson was intensely discreet. At Cambridge he fell in love with several fellow students, including Vincent Yorke, father of the novelist Henry Yorke, confiding to his diary "I feel mad about him just now... Ah, if only he knew, yet I think he does." In life Benson sustained friendships with wide circle of gay men, shared a villa at Capri with John Ellingham Brooks. (Prior to the First World War the island was popular with wealthy
The Examiner (Tasmania)
The Examiner is the daily newspaper of the city of Launceston and north-eastern Tasmania, Australia. The Examiner was first founded by James Aikenhead; the Reverend John West was instrumental in establishing the newspaper and was the first editorial writer. At first it was a weekly publication; the Examiner expanded to Wednesdays six months later. In 1853, the paper was changed to tri-weekly, first began daily publication on 10 April 1866; this frequency lasted until 16 February the next year. Tri-weekly publication resumed and continued until 21 December 1877 when the daily paper returned; the Weekly Courier was published by the company from 1901 to 1935. Another weekly paper The Saturday Evening Express was published between 1924 and 1984 when it transformed into The Sunday Examiner a title which continues to this day. Once owned by ENT Limited, The Examiner was owned by the Rural Press group and is now part of Fairfax Media; the current editor is Simon Tennant. For the 12 months ending September 2008, Roy Morgan Research reports a Saturday readership of 100,000 and a Monday-Friday readership of 84,000.
List of newspapers in Australia The Examiner online
Margaret Gabrielle Vere Long, who used the pseudonym Marjorie Bowen, was a British author who wrote historical romances, supernatural horror stories, popular history and biography. Bowen was born in 1885 on Hayling Island in Hampshire, she had a difficult childhood. She and her sister grew up in poverty with a less than affectionate mother. Bowen studied at the Slade School of Fine Art and in Paris, her first fiction was a violent historical novel The Viper of Milan, set in medieval Italy. The Viper of Milan was rejected by several publishers, who considered it inappropriate for a young woman to have written such a novel, it went on to become a best-seller when published. After this, Bowen's prolific writings were the chief financial support for her family, she was married twice: first, from 1912 to 1916, to a Sicilian, Zefferino Emilio Constanza, who died of tuberculosis, to Arthur L. Long. Bowen had four children. In 1938, Bowen was one of the signatories to a petition organised by the National Peace Council, calling for an international peace conference in an effort to avert war in Europe.
In an interview for Twentieth Century Authors, she listed her hobbies as "painting and reading". Bowen died on 22 December 1952, after suffering serious concussion as a result of a fall in her bedroom, her total output numbers over 150 volumes with the bulk of her work under the'Bowen' pseudonym. She wrote under the names Joseph Shearing, George R. Preedy, John Winch, Robert Paye and Margaret Campbell. After The Viper of Milan, she produced a steady stream of writings until the day of her death. Bowen's work under her own name was historical novels; the 1909 novel Black Magic is a Gothic horror novel about a medieval witch." Bowen wrote history books aimed at a popular readership. Under the pseudonym "Joseph Shearing", Bowen wrote several mystery novels inspired by true-life crimes. For instance, For Her to See is a fictionalized version of the Charles Bravo murder; the Shearing novels were popular in the United States, Moss Rose, The Golden Violet and Forget-Me-Not achieving both critical and commercial success, being championed by reviewers such as Phil Stong.
Until the late 1940s, the true identity of Shearing was not known to the general public, some speculated it was the pseudonym of F. Tennyson Jesse. Under the "George R. Preedy" pseudonym, she wrote two non-supernatural horror novels, Dr. Chaos and The Devil Snar'd, her last, novel was The Man with the Scales. Many of these stories were published as Berkley Medallion Books. Several of her books were adapted as films. Bowen's supernatural short fiction was gathered in three collections: The Last Bouquet, The Bishop of Hell, the posthumous Kecksies, edited for Arkham House in the late 1940s, but not published until 1976. Bowen's books are much sought after by aficionados of gothic horror and received praise from critics. Graham Greene stated in his Paris Review interview, "I chose Marjorie Bowen because as I have told you, I don't think that the books that one reads as an adult influence one as a writer... But books such as Marjorie Bowen's, read at a young age, do influence one considerably." Horror reviewer Robert Hadji described Bowen as "one of the great supernatural writers of this century".
Fritz Leiber referred to "Marjorie Bowen's brilliant Black Magic". Jessica Amanda Salmonson, discussing The Last Bouquet, described Bowen's prose as "stylish and moody, dramatic to the highest degree" and stated "what in other hands is tacky or gross is, from Marjorie Bowen, a superior art and seductive". Sally Benson in The New Yorker, discussing the "Joseph Shearing" books: "Mr Shearing is a painstaking researcher, a superb writer, a careful technician, a master of horror. There is no one else quite like him". Reviewing The Crime of Laura Sarelle Will Cuppy stated "Those who want a good workout of the more perilous emotions will do well to read Mr. Shearing's impressive tale of love and doom... Join the Shearing cult and meet one of the most malevolent females in song or story". In an article about women writers, the Australian newspaper The Courier-Mail described Bowen as "one of the best of our modern novelists". Sheldon Jaffery stated that Bowen's "weird fiction ranks favorably with such distaff portrayers of the supernatural as Mary Wilkins-Freeman, Edith Wharton and Lady Cynthia Asquith."
By contrast, Colin Wilson's view of Bowen's work was negative: in a review of A Sort of Life by Grahame Greene, Wilson dismissed Bowen as a writer of "bad adventure stories". Writing as Marjorie Bowen, her 1926 novel Mistress Nell Gwyn was made into a film Nell Gwyn the same year directed by Herbert Wilcox and starring Dorothy Gish and Randle Ayrton. Writing as George Preedy, her 1928 novel, General Crack, was adapted as the film General Crack, starring John Barrymore Writing as Joseph Shearing, her 1934 novel, Moss Rose, was adapted as the film Moss Rose Writing as Joseph Shearing her 1939 novel, Blanche Fury was adapted as the film Blanche Fury Writing as Marjorie Bowen, her 1943 novel Airing in a Closed Carriage was adapted as the film The Mark of Cain Writing as Joseph Shearing, her 1947 novel So Evil My Love was adapted as the film So Evil My Love The Viper of Milan The Master of Stair (US titl
John Cassell was an English publisher, printer and editor, who founded the firm Cassell & Co, famous for its educational books and periodicals, which pioneered the serial publication of novels. He was a well-known tea and coffee merchant and a general business entrepreneur. A fervent Christian, he campaigned throughout his life for the temperance movement in Britain, for the reduction of taxes on publishing, was a social reformer who recognised the importance of education in improving the life of the working class, whose many publications, both magazines and books, brought learning and culture to the masses. John Cassell was born on 23 January 1817 in Manchester in Lancashire; the family enjoyed a reasonable standard of living for the first 10 years until his father was disabled by a fall, dying 3 years later. The burden of providing for the family fell on his mother who made a living through upholstery work, though this left her with little time for her son. John received little education as a result and, from an early age, was required to work as a factory hand, manufacturing "tape" and velveteen.
Cassell detested the work, both confining and monotonous, felt oppressed by the appalling social conditions around him. Seeking better prospects, he impressed a local carpenter with his woodworking skills and was offered an apprenticeship. In 1833, Cassell came under the influence of the temperance movement, "signed the pledge" at a local meeting held by a Mr. Thomas Swindlehurst. At the time, alcoholism was a pressing social issue. Cassell identified with the ideals of the movement and, having first honoured his indentures of apprenticeship, decided to become a travelling temperance lecturer. Making good his lack of formal education, he had sought self-improvement by teaching himself general knowledge, English literature and some French language. In 1836, having spent several months lecturing on teetotalism in the Manchester area, Cassell set off by foot for London, stopping on the way to speak about temperance to any audience that he could find, supporting himself by doing carpentry odd-jobs.
In October 1836, after 16 days of walking, he arrived in London with the princely sum of 3 pence in his pocket, unable to afford lodgings for the night. That same evening, he spoke at a temperance meeting at the New Jerusalem Schoolroom near Westminster Bridge Road, for the next 6 months was involved in temperance campaigning in the capital. In April 1837, Cassell was enrolled as a recognised agent of the "National Temperance Society", toured around England and Wales and taking total abstinence "pledges". In 1841, whilst on a temperance tour of the eastern counties, he met a Lincolnshire woman, Mary Abbott, whom he married the same year. Mary inherited a sum of money from her father which enabled the couple to settle in St. John's Wood and gave John the capital he needed to invest in a business, their home became a meeting place for writers and reformers - people such as George Cruikshank and Mary Howitt, Ellen Wood. In 1843, Cassell set himself up as a coffee merchant in Coleman Street, City of London.
The business was an immediate success, moving to larger premises in 80 Fenchurch Street. His teas and coffees were extensively advertised in the press, slogans such as "Buy Cassell's shilling coffee" made them quite a household word, he bought a second-hand printing press to produce advertising leaflets for his wares and this led him to writing and publishing his own temperance tracts. Cassell went into partnership with his brother-in-law, this allowed him to concentrate on editing and writing periodicals, the first of which, "The Teetotal Times", appeared in 1846, becoming, in 1849, "The Teetotal Times and Essayist" a monthly, which continued for a few years afterwards. In July 1848, he started publication of "Standard of Freedom", a weekly newspaper aimed at the popular market, whose principles were free-trade and freedom of religion, it only lasted until 1851, becoming incorporated into Chronicle. In 1850, he started the Working Man's Friend, a weekly magazine aiming to educate its readers without patronising them or playing to the lowest common denominator, sympathetic to the life of working-class people.
Its readers sent in hundreds of letters and articles for publication, the magazine drew praise from figures such as Richard Cobden and social reformer, the Earl of Carlisle. In 1851, in order to expand the business, Cassell purchased William Cathrell's printing plant in The Strand, bringing the printing of the "Working Man's Friend" in-house. In 1851, "The Illustrated exhibitor", a monthly periodical about The Great Exhibition, started publication, to great success, achieving sales of 100,000 by December; the expansion of the company meant a move to bigger premises at "La Belle Sauvage Yard" - the site of a centuries-old inn - on the north side of Ludgate Hill, in 1852. Around this time the "Cassell's Library" series started to appear. In April 1852, the weekly "Popular Educator" started publication, achieving both popular success and critical acclaim - "a school, a library and a university" was how one commentator described it; the magazine inspired readers to contin
The Story-Teller was a monthly British pulp fiction magazine from 1907 to 1937. The Story-Teller is notable for having published some of the works of prominent authors, including G. K. Chesterton, William Hope Hodgson, Rudyard Kipling, Katherine Mansfield, Sax Rohmer, Edgar Wallace, H. G. Wells, Oliver Onions, Hall Caine, Marjorie Bowen, E. Phillips Oppenheim, Alice & Claude Askew, Tom Gallon. Published by Cassell & Co, The Story-Teller was edited by Newman Flower from its debut in April 1907 until 1928, when Clarence Winchester became the editor. In May 1927, the magazine changed his name in Storyteller when it began to be published by Amalgamated Press and on, merged with Cassell's Magazine in 1932; the magazine's last issue was in November 1937. In all, 367 issues were published during its 30-year life. Andrew Nash. "The Production of the Novel, 1880–1940". In Patrick Parrinder and Andrzej Gasiorek; the Oxford History of the Novel in English: Volume 4: The Reinvention of the British and Irish Novel, 1880–1940.
Oxford: Oxford University Press at 3–19