Cartersville is a city in Bartow County in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 19,731. Cartersville is the county seat of Bartow County. Cartersville was first known as Birmingham to its original English settlers; the town was incorporated as Cartersville in 1854. The present name is for Col. Farish Carter of the owner of a large plantation. Cartersville was designated the seat of Bartow County in 1867 following the destruction of Cassville by Sherman in the American Civil War. Cartersville was incorporated as a city in 1872. Cartersville is located in south-central Bartow County, 42 miles northwest of downtown Atlanta and 76 miles southeast of Chattanooga, Tennessee; the Etowah River flows through a broad valley south of the downtown, leading west to Rome, where it forms the Coosa River, a tributary of the Alabama River. The city limits extend eastward, upriver, as far as Allatoona Dam, which forms Lake Allatoona, a large U. S. Army Corps of Engineers reservoir.
Red Top Mountain State Park sits on a peninsula in the lake, just outside the city limits. Nancy Creek flows in the vicinity; the highest point in the city is 1,562 feet at the summit of Pine Mountain. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Cartersville has a total area of 29.3 square miles, of which 29.2 square miles is land and 0.15 square miles, or 0.59%, is water. Interstate 75, the major north-south route through the area, passes through the eastern edge of the city, with access from five exits: Exit 285 just south of the city limits in Emerson, Exit 288 closest to downtown, exits 290, 293, 296 along the city's northern outskirts. U. S. Highway 41, concurrent with State Route 3, is an older, parallel highway to Interstate 75 that goes through the eastern edge of downtown, leading north to Calhoun and Dalton and south to Marietta. U. S. Highway 411 passes through the northern edge of the city, leading west to Rome and north to Chatsworth. State Route 20 runs west to Rome concurrent with U. S. Highway runs east to Canton.
State Route 61 runs north to White concurrent with U. S. Highway runs south to Dallas, Georgia. State Route 113 runs southwesterly to Rockmart. State Route 293 runs west-northwest to Kingston; the following communities border the city: Adairsville Cassville Emerson Euharlee Kingston Stilesboro White Grassdale Road As of the census of 2010, there were 19,010 people, 5,870 households, 4,132 families residing in the city. The population of Cartersville is growing significantly; the population density was 680.7 people per square mile. There were 6,130 housing units at an average density of 262.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 63.93% White, 29.64% African American, 0.82% Asian, 0.28% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.76% from other races, 1.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 7.28% of the population. There were 5,870 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families.
25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.10. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $41,162, the median income for a family was $48,219. Males had a median income of $35,092 versus $25,761 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,977. About 8.9% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over. The Booth Western Art Museum is on North Museum Drive in Cartersville; the Booth is the second largest art museum in Georgia. It houses the largest permanent exhibition space for Western art in the country.
It is a Smithsonian Institution Affiliate. The Etowah Indian Mounds is an archaeological Native American site in Bartow County, south of Cartersville. Tellus Science Museum the Weinman Mineral Museum, is a Smithsonian Institution Affiliate and features the first digital planetarium in North Georgia. NASA has installed a camera; the world's first outdoor Coca-Cola sign, painted in 1894, is located in downtown Cartersville on Young Brothers Pharmacy's wall. Rose Lawn, a house museum, is the former home of noted evangelist Samuel Porter Jones, for whom the Union Gospel Tabernacle in Nashville was built to become the Grand Ole Opry; the Bartow History Museum is located in the Old Cartersville Courthouse, c. 1870, in downtown Cartersville on East Church Street. The schools that comprise the Cartersville City School System are: Cartersville Primary School Cartersville Elementary School Cartersville Middle School Cartersville High SchoolThere are two private Christian schools: Excel Christian Academy The Trinity SchoolThere is a private Montessori school: Lifesong Montessori SchoolCartersville has a college campus: Georgia Highlands College Manufacturing and services play a part in the economy of the city.
The city's employers include: Anheuser-Busch Georgia Power Komatsu Shaw Industries, a major flooring manufacturerThe
U.S. Route 41
U. S. Route 41 U. S. Highway 41, is a major north–south United States Highway that runs from Miami, Florida to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan; until 1949, the part in southern Florida, from Naples to Miami, was US 94, which presently has the hidden designation of State Road 90 in addition to its signed number. The highway's northern terminus is east of Copper Harbor, Michigan, at a modest cul-de-sac near Fort Wilkins Historic State Park at the tip of the Keweenaw Peninsula in the state's Upper Peninsula, its southern terminus is in the Brickell neighborhood of Downtown Miami at an intersection with Brickell Avenue. It parallels Interstate 75 from Naples, all the way through Georgia to Chattanooga, Tennessee, it was a part of the Dixie Highway along with U. S. Route 23. In Florida, US 41 is paralleled by Interstate 75 all the way from Miami to Georgia, I-75 has supplanted US 41 as a major highway. Between Miami and Naples, US 41 cuts across the Florida peninsula, running through the vast Everglades wilderness.
This section has been designated a National Scenic Byway. The byway runs east–west through the Big Cypress National Preserve, skirting the northern border of the Everglades National Park for about 20 miles; the part of the highway between Tampa and Miami is known as the Tamiami Trail, this section of the road is known as the East Trail, as it runs east-west across the state, in contrast to the road's otherwise distinctively north-south route. In Naples, Route 41 changes direction at an intersection with 5th Avenue in Downtown Naples, turning from west to north towards Tampa; as the Trail moves into Hillsborough County the historic communities of Ruskin and Gibsonton, Florida are south Hillsborough County high points. Ruskin was founded by the Commongood Society. Highway 41 from Ruskin's Little Manatee River to Big Bend Rd has been designated by the Florida Senate as the Trooper Kenneth E. Flynt Hwy in Memory of Florida Trooper Flynt, killed in the line of duty. Gibsonton was populated by Carnival workers.
US 41 is in the process of being widened throughout the northern Tampa Bay suburbs. It is six lanes wide between Tampa and much of Land O' Lakes, again between Garden Grove and Brooksville, it is four lanes wide in Tampa south of BUS US 41, between a section north of Land O' Lakes and Garden Grove, south of Inverness. A large portion of US 41 is co-designated along the unmarked State Road 45 between Belle Meade and High Springs. From US 92 in Tampa to US 41 Business and State Road 676 near the unincorporated Palm River-Clair Mel, US 41 carries the unsigned State Road 599 designation, it contains the northwestern end of the Tamiami Trail at the SR 60 intersection. It is three lanes wide, but between Interstate 4 and the northern terminus of SR 569 it is only two lanes wide; the unsigned state highway is 5.6 miles long. At the northern terminus, US 41 turns west. Major intersections include State Road 574, SR 569, I-4, SR 60, the Lee Roy Selmon Expressway. In Northern Florida, US 41 runs along the DeSoto Trail between Floral City and Williston and again between High Springs, Lake City.
In Georgia, US 41 is paralleled by Interstate 75 all the way from Florida to Tennessee, I-75 has supplanted US 41 as a major highway. In Atlanta, Highway 41 was carried on Spring Street near Five Points, but it has long been re-routed via Northside Drive around the downtown area; the Mercedes-Benz Stadium, Georgia World Congress Center, Philips Arena are located off Northside Drive. South of Atlanta, Metropolitan Parkway and Tara Boulevard carry the highway, along with its co-signed partner US 19, toward Griffin. North of Atlanta, the stretch of Highway 41 between Atlanta and Marietta was the first four-laned highway in Georgia when it was completed in 1938. Now, the Northside Parkway and the Cobb Parkway carry US 41 through northern Fulton and Cobb counties; this thoroughfare is the home of SunTrust Park, the Big Chicken, Cumberland Mall, the Cobb Galleria, the Six Flags White Water amusement park. US 41 passes through the Georgia cities and towns of Calhoun, Kennesaw, Adairsville, Dalton, Macon, Warner Robins, Cordele, Adel and Unadilla.
US 41 was rerouted north of Valdosta onto I-75 at exit 22, runs to exit 29 goes back to the original path. This was done so trucks couldn't use 41 to bypass the Georgia weigh station on 75; the bypassed stretch of 41 is now marked as a "county maintained" road and has a weight limit of 56000 pounds. US 41 has been rerouted to run along Inner Perimeter Road around Valdosta. US 41 Business runs through Valdosta. Valdosta is the last major stop before reaching Florida; the Atlanta Motor Speedway is located on US 41 in Hampton. US 41 has been re-routed in Barnesville and been designated as a truck route and possible industrial area. US 41, joined by US 76, enters Tennessee east of I-75 on the outskirts of East Ridge, it is called Ringgold Road through East Ridge up to the Bachman Tunnel, where it enters Chattanooga and around the base of Lookout Mountain. It heads through the towns of Tifftonia and other communities before ascending the Cumberland Plateau, running through Tracy City and Monteagle, where it descends toward Manchester.
After reaching Monteagle, US 41, included as part of the older Dixie Highway, continues northwest into Pelham, in Grundy County runs parallel with I-24 into Coffee C
The Cherokee Nation known as the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, is the largest of three Cherokee federally recognized tribes in the United States. It was established in the 20th century and includes people descended from members of the Old Cherokee Nation who relocated from the Southeast due to increasing pressure to Indian Territory and Cherokee who were forced to relocate on the Trail of Tears; the tribe includes descendants of Cherokee Freedmen and Natchez Nation. Over 299,862 people are enrolled in the Cherokee Nation, with 189,228 living within the state of Oklahoma. According to Larry Echo Hawk, former head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the current Cherokee Nation is not the historical Cherokee tribe but instead a "successor in interest". Headquartered in Tahlequah, the Cherokee Nation has a tribal jurisdictional area spanning 14 counties in the northeastern corner of Oklahoma; these are Adair, Craig, Mayes, McIntosh, Nowata, Rogers, Tulsa and Washington counties. During 1898–1906, beginning with the Curtis Act of 1898, the US federal government all but dissolved the former Cherokee Nation's governmental and civic institutions, to make way for the incorporation of Indian Territory into the new state of Oklahoma.
From 1906 to 1938, the structure and function of the tribal government was not defined. After the dissolution of the tribal government of the Cherokee Nation in the 1900s and the death of William Charles Rogers in 1917, the Federal government began to appoint chiefs to the Cherokee Nation in 1919; the service time for each appointed chief was so brief that it became known as "Chief for a Day". Six men fell under this category, the first being A. B. Cunningham who served from November 8 to November 25; the short service times were just long enough to have one sign a treaty to cede more land. In the 1930s, the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration worked to improve conditions by supporting the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, which encouraged tribes to reconstitute their governments and write constitutions. On August 8, 1938, the tribe convened a general convention in Oklahoma to elect a Chief, they choose J. B. Milam as principal chief. President Franklin D. Roosevelt confirmed the election in 1941.
W. W. Keeler was appointed chief in 1949. After the U. S. government under President Richard Nixon had adopted a self-determination policy, the nation was able to rebuild its government. The people elected W. W. Keeler as chief. Keeler, the president of Phillips Petroleum, was succeeded by Ross Swimmer. In 1975 the tribe drafted a constitution, under the name Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, ratified on June 26, 1976; the tribe has conducted litigation using this name. In 1985 Wilma Mankiller was elected as the first female chief of the Cherokee Nation; the Cherokee Nation was destabilized in May 1997 in what was variously described as either a nationalist "uprising" or an "anti-constitutional coup" instigated by Joe Byrd, the Principal Chief. Elected in 1995, Byrd became locked in a battle of strength with the judicial branch of the Cherokee tribe; the crisis came to a head on March 22, 1997, when Byrd said in a press conference that he would decide which orders of the Cherokee Nation's Supreme Court were lawful and which were not.
A simmering crisis continued over Byrd's creation of a armed paramilitary force. On June 20, 1997 his private militia illegally seized custody of the Cherokee Nation Courthouse from its legal caretakers and occupants, the Cherokee Nation Marshals, the Judicial Appeals Tribunal and its court clerks, they ousted the lawful occupants at gunpoint. The court demanded that the courthouse be returned to the judicial branch of the Cherokee Nation, but these requests were ignored by Byrd; the Federal authorities of the United States refused to intervene because of potential breach of tribal sovereignty. The State of Oklahoma recognized. By August, it sent in state troopers and specialist anti-terrorist teams. Byrd was required to attend a meeting in Washington, DC with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, at which he was compelled to reopen the courts, he served the remainder of his elected term. In 1999 Byrd lost the election for Principal Chief to Chad Smith but was elected to the Tribal Council in 2013. A new constitution was drafted in 1999 that included mechanisms for voters to remove officials from offices, changed the structure of the tribal council, removed the need to ask the Bureau of Indian Affairs' permission to amend the constitution.
The tribe and Bureau of Indian Affairs negotiated changes to the new constitution and it was ratified in 2003. Confusion resulted. To overcome the impasse, the Cherokee Nation voted by referendum to amend its 1975/1976 Constitution "to remove Presidential approval authority," allowing the tribe to independently ratify and amend its own constitution; as of August 9, 2007, the BIA gave the Cherokee Nation consent to amend its Constitution without approval from the Department of the Interior. Certain non-Cherokee groups contest the viability of this constitution; the Cherokee freedmen, descendants of African American slaves owned by citizens of the Cherokee Nation during the Antebellum Period, were first guaranteed Cherokee citizenship under a treaty with the United States in 1866. This was in the wake of the American Civil War, when the US emancipated slaves and passed US constitutional amendments granting freedmen citizenship in the United States. In reaching peace with the Cherokee, who had sided with the Confederates, the US government required that they end s
White is a city in Bartow County, United States. The population was 670 at the 2010 census. White is located along U. S. Highway 411, 3 miles north of Interstate 75, it is a bedroom community of Cartersville, located 9 miles to the south, but they are connected by a chain of homes and retail shops. A post office called White has been in operation since 1890. James Alexander White, the first postmaster, gave the city its name. In March 2016, the city's police chief, as well as its only full-time officer, were arrested on false imprisonment charges; the arrests left the city with no police department. The city has a new elected mayor as of Ms. Kim D. Billue. White is located at 34°16′50″N 84°44′48″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.97 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 693 people, 258 households, 197 families residing in the city; the population density was 764.8 people per square mile. There were 274 housing units at an average density of 302.4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 94.81% White, 2.89% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.87% from other races, 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.60% of the population. There were 258 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.6% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city, the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,458, the median income for a family was $36,250.
Males had a median income of $30,500 versus $22,404 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,665. About 13.8% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over. City of White official website
Kingston is a city in Bartow County, United States. The population was 637 at the 2010 census. Kingston is located in west-central Bartow County at 34°14′9″N 84°56′41″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles, all land. Georgia State Route 293 passes through the center of town, leading southeast 11 miles to Cartersville and west 13 miles to Rome. U. S. Route 411 is a four-lane highway that passes 1 mile south of Kingston, connecting the same two larger communities. Native American tribes once inhabited the area. People of the Mississippian culture were in the vicinity until about 1500 AD. Cherokee removal occurred locally by 1838. White settlers were moved in as early after a land lottery; the city was named for a United States Senator from Georgia. On April 12, 1862, James J. Andrews with 18 Union soldiers in disguise, 1 civilian, having seized the locomotive The General at Big Shanty intending to wreck the Western and Atlantic Railroad, were forced to side-track here and wait for the southbound freights to pass.
After a long delay The General continued north. Pursuing from Big Shanty, William Allen Fuller led a crew which used a push-car and other means and caught the highjackers.250 Confederate and two Union soldiers died of wounds and sickness in the Confederate hospitals located here during 1862-1864. These men were wounded in the battles of Perryville, Missionary Ridge, in the Dalton-Kingston Campaign; the patients were moved to Atlanta in May 1864 to avoid capture by the Union, who used the hospitals. The dead are buried in unmarked graves nearby. Union general William T. Sherman made his headquarters in the Hargis House May 16–19, for reorganization of forces in the campaign that would end at Atlanta. Assuming Johnston's army had moved, from Adairsville, directly on Kingston and the river crossings south, May 18, led Sherman to concentrate his forces here—only to discover that Johnston had gone directly to Cassville where, without making a stand, he continued to Allatoona on May 20. Sherman countered on May 23, by moving due south.
On May 18, 1864, Lieutenant General William J. Hardee's corps marched from Adairsville on the road parallel to the Western and Atlantic Railroad en route to Cass Station, he turned east on this road to join General Polk's and Hood's Confederate corps at Cassville which had moved on the direct Adairsville - Cassville Road. Sherman erred when he assumed that all of Johnston's army had marched from Adairsville, as Hardee had, to Kingston; this resulted in his ordering his forces concentrated here—discovering that the Confederates were 5.5 miles east at Cassville and not at the Etowah River south of Kingston. On May 19 Union generals Daniel Butterfield and Joseph Hooker, the new XX Corps, were headquartered at the house of Confederate Colonel Hawkins F. Price, a state senator who had voted for Georgia secession in 1861. Hooker had been ordered from Adairsville to Kingston, on false reports that Johnston had retreated there. South of the Price house Hooker discovered. On May 19, 1864, the IV Corps, followed by the XIV Corps, reached Kingston at 8 a.m.
The IVth turned east to Cassville. A division of the XIVth sent to Gillem's bridge over the Etowah River found no retreating Confederates. Johnston's forces were at Cassville, 5.5 miles east. McPherson's XV Corps and XVI Corps, moving south from Barnsley's, camped on Woolley's plantation 2 miles west; the IV Corps, XX Corps and XXIII Corps were at Cassville. May 19, 1864, McPherson's army camped on the Woolley Plantation; this right wing of Sherman's advance, Kingston to Dallas, crossed the river, heading south, on Woolley's Bridge over the Etowah River, May 23. On October 11, 1864, while encamped on the Woolley Plantation, the Ohio soldiers of the XXIII Corps voted in a state election. In 1864, a road southward from Wooley's Bridge crossed the road near this point and ran to Van Wert and Dallas; this was the route of Union Major General James B. McPherson's Army of the Tennessee, the right wing of forces under Sherman moving from Kingston to the Dallas front, May 23 and 24. At that time, the church stood at the northwestern angle of the crossroads.
Another edifice was erected on the site of the present structure.75 miles eastward. Sherman's forces encamped until May 23; the first Decoration Day, or Memorial Day, was observed in Kingston in late April 1865, has been a continuous observance here since that day, the only such record held by any community in this nation. The first Decoration Day was observed while Union troops still occupied the town, flowers being placed on both Confederate and Union graves that day. In 2014, Bellware and Gardiner dismissed this claim in The Genesis of the Memorial Day Holiday in America, they point out that the timing of the observance and locations of General Judah and Wofford during April 1865 make the claim untenable. On May 12, 1865, Confederate Brigadier General William T. Wofford surrendered 3,000 to 4,000 soldiers to Union Brigadier General Henry M. Judah; these were the last significant Confederate regulars to surrender east of the Mississippi. These were Georgians, not paroled in Virginia, North Carolina, elsewhere.
During final negotiations, Gen. Wofford's headquarters were at the McCravey - Johnson residence on Church Street. General Judah's headquarters were at Spring Bank, the home of the Rev. Charles Wallace Howard, 2 miles north of Kingston. Rations were supplied to the Confederate soldiery by the
XX Corps (Union Army)
Two corps of the Union Army were called XX Corps during the American Civil War. Though both served in the Union Army of the Cumberland, they were distinct units and should be recognized as such; the first XX Corps, under the command of Alexander M. McCook, was organized in the aftermath of the Battle of Stones River in January 1863 from what had been the XIV Corps, or right wing of the army, at that battle, it was so identified with its commander that it was referred to by other soldiers and officers as "McCook's corps". The corps took part in a skirmish with Bragg's rearguard at Liberty Gap, during the Tullahoma Campaign in June 1863, it fought its only major battle under this designation at Chickamauga, where it suffered horrendous casualties in the two days of fighting. The corps took heavy casualties, it, became consolidated into the new IV Corps. McCook, blamed in large part for the failure at Chickamauga, was relieved of command. Alexander M. McCook, January 9, 1863 – October 9, 1863 After the Battle of Gettysburg, with the armies of the east engaged in stalemate, Washington dispatched Joseph Hooker, discredited after his defeat at the Battle of Chancellorsville the previous May, with the XI and XII Corps of the Army of the Potomac to try to relieve Bragg's siege of Chattanooga.
The command played a decisive role in the Battle of Wauhatchie, which opened up the "Cracker Line" to the besieged Union army, seized Lookout Mountain in the famed "Battle Above The Clouds" during the early stages of the Battle of Chattanooga. On April 4, 1864, just before the onset of the Atlanta Campaign, William T. Sherman, authorized the consolidation of XI and XII Corps as XX Corps, under Hooker's command, to serve in the Army of the Cumberland. Units from XI and XII Corps were combined in each division; the corps fought valiantly throughout the Atlanta Campaign. After James B. McPherson was killed in the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, Oliver O. Howard was made commander of the army. Hooker because Howard was junior to him and because he blamed Howard for his part in the defeat of the Army of the Potomac, resigned, he was replaced first by Alpheus S. Williams, Henry W. Slocum, both former XII Corps commanders, its troops were the first to enter Atlanta after its surrender on September 1, went with Sherman's Army of Georgia during his March to the Sea.
Williams commanded it from until the Carolinas Campaign. It played a major part in the seizure of Savannah in December and was engaged throughout the Carolinas Campaign at Bentonville, where it absorbed the main blow of Joseph E. Johnston's counterattack; because fighting at Bentonville had not destroyed Johnston's army, Sherman replaced Williams with the more aggressive Joseph A. Mower, it took part in the Grand Review and was disbanded in June 1865. Joseph Hooker, April 14, 1864 – July 28, 1864 Alpheus S. Williams, July 28, 1864 – August 27, 1864 Henry W. Slocum, August 27, 1864 – November 11, 1864 Alpheus S. Williams, November 11, 1864 – April 2, 1865 Joseph A. Mower, April 2, 1865 – June 4, 1865 XX Corps history XX Corps history Route of the Twentieth Corps historical marker