Baralaba is a small town and rural locality in the Shire of Banana in central Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census, Baralaba had a population of 314 people; the Dawson River forms the western boundary of the locality. The town is located in the north-west corner of the locality beside the river; the Neville Hewitt weir on the river at the town creates a wide river for recreation. The town is located 33 kilometres west of the Leichhardt Highway; the local economy revolves around beef production. The town's name is derived from an Aboriginal word meaning "high mountain" referring to nearby Mount Ramsay. Baralaba Provisional School opened on 19 August 1918, it became a state school on 1 March 1922. In 1964, a secondary department was added. Baralaba Post Office opened by April 1924. In May 1941, an Honour Board commemorating those who served in World War II was unveiled at the Returned and Services League of Australia Memorial Hall in Stopford Street. Outside of the Memorial Hall is a white cross commemorating those who served in all wars and conflicts.
Two coal mines once operated in the Baralaba region. Both closed, but mining operations recommenced at one mine in 2005; the mobile library service commenced in 2004. Baralaba State School is a government co-educational primary and partial secondary school located at 1 Power Street. In 2012, the school had an enrolment of 98 students with 14 teachers; as Baralaba State School only provides secondary education to Year 10, the nearest secondary schools offering Years 11 and 12 are located in Moura and Biloela. Baralaba Golf Club is located on Alberta Road. Banana Shire Council operate a fortnightly mobile library service to Baralaba; every March, there is a campdrafting competition at Baralaba. The annual Baralaba agricultural show is held in May; the Saratoga Fishing Competition is held each September. Baralaba has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Morgan Street and The Esplanade: Dawson Valley Colliery In the 2011 census, Baralaba had a population of 479 people; this was in increase from the 2006 census, when Baralaba had a population of 290.
Media related to Baralaba, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Baralaba Banana Shire Council Town map of Baralba, 1980
Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service
The Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service is a business division of the Department of Environment and Science within the Government of Queensland. The division’s primary concern is with the management and maintenance of protected areas within Queensland, to protect and manage Queensland’s parks and the Great Barrier Reef for current and future generations; the QPWS managed areas include more than 1000 national parks, state forests, marine parks and other protected areas, five world heritage areas. Queensland’s first national park, Witches Falls, was established on 28 March 1908, followed by Bunya Mountains National Park in July 1908, Lamington National Park in 1915. From modest early beginnings within the Forestry department, a dedicated national parks service was established in 1975—the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service. From that time, park rangers have proudly worn QPWS uniform badge featuring the symbol, which has become one of the most well-recognised symbols in Queensland; the Nature Conservation Act 1992, Marine Parks Act 2004 and Forestry Act 1959 provide guiding legislation for the service.
Leanne Enoch, Minister for Environment and Science is responsible for the department. The agency's head office is located at 400 George Street in the Brisbane central business district. Protected areas in Queensland are needed to provide wildlife habitat to maintain biodiversity and provide opportunities for outdoor nature-based activities. Managing national parks involves protecting a park's natural condition and processes, presenting the park's cultural and natural resources and its values. Managing multiple-use marine parks involves providing refuge areas for species and ecosystems while allowing for continuing recreational and commercial use of the majority of the marine environment. A Master Plan for Queensland's Park System outlines the directions for management of all protected areas in Queensland for the next 20 years. QPWS is responsible for day-to-day management of Queensland’s five World Heritage areas, which are within the protected area estate; these properties are outstanding examples of the world's natural or cultural heritage, provide valuable environmental and economic services for Queensland.
For each park, either a management statement or a management plan is prepared to identify the park's special values and determine ways to ensure those values are preserved, enhanced or maintained. The service employs park rangers who are responsible for constructing and maintaining infrastructure such as camping areas, picnic areas, walking tracks and lookouts providing advice to visitors, recording wildlife data, controlling feral plants and animals, assisting in the preparation of management plans and enforcing park rules. QPWS works with Aboriginal Traditional Owners and, in some places, volunteers, as well as other government departments and organisations to conserve, manage and present Queensland’s most precious natural and cultural places. Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland National Parks Association of Queensland Find a park or forest
Rockhampton is a city in the Rockhampton Shire of Queensland’s Central Coast Queensland, Australia. The estimated urban population of Rockhampton in June 2015 was 80,665, making it the fourth-largest city in the state outside of the cities of South East Queensland. and the 22nd-largest city in Australia. Rockhampton is one of the oldest cities in Northern Australia. In 1853, Charles and William Archer discovered the Fitzroy River, which they named in honour of Sir Charles FitzRoy; the Archer brothers took up a run near Gracemere in 1855, more settlers arrived soon after, enticed by the fertile valleys. The town of Rockhampton was proclaimed in 1858, surveyed by Arthur F Wood and Francis Clarke, the chosen street design resembled the Hoddle Grid in Melbourne and consisted of a grid of wide boulevards and laneways, uncommon in Queensland. Within the year, gold was found at Canoona, led to the first North Australian gold rush; this led to an influx of migrants who transformed Rockhampton into the second-largest port in the state.
Subsequent gold rushes at Mount Morgan Mine, at the time one of the most productive gold mines in the world, laid the foundations for much of the city's Victorian architecture. Today, Rockhampton is an industrial and agricultural centre of the north, is the regional centre of Central Queensland. Rockhampton is a large tourist destination known for its history and culture supporting such institutions as the Rockhampton Art Gallery, one of the most extensive regional galleries in Australia, the Central Queensland University with campuses across five states, the Rockhampton Heritage Village, Dreamtime Cultural Centre, it is famous as the hometown of Rod Laver - one of the best tennis players in history. The city is served by the Rockhampton Airport and acts as a gateway to local tourist locations such as the Capricorn Caves and Mount Archer National Park, as well as regional tourist areas like Yeppoon and the Capricorn Coast alongside the island chains offshore that include Great Keppel Island.
A giant waterslide was built in Rockhampton for an attraction. The Capricorn district is the traditional home of the Darumbal Aboriginal people; the European history of the area began in 1853, when the area that would become Rockhampton was visited by the Archer brothers Charles and William, who were seeking grazing lands. They were acting on information from earlier expeditions by Ludwig Leichhardt and Thomas Mitchell, who had explored the area in 1844 and 1846 and noted suitable land for grazing then. In January 1854, the New South Wales Government proclaimed two new districts: Port Curtis and Leichhardt, the Archer brothers returned in August 1855 to set up their pastoral run at Gracemere; the Fitzroy River provided a convenient waterway for shipping of supplies and produce, the Archer brothers constructed a wool shed just downstream of a bar of rocks which prevented further upstream navigation from the coast. These rocks were incorporated with the traditional English term for a village, the name "Rockhampton" was first coined by Charles Archer and the local Commissioner from Crown Lands, William Wiseman.
In 1856, the Elliott brothers arrived at Gracemere and soon after, took up landholdings at Canoona, north of present-day Yaamba. There, Philip Elliott and his party came under attack from the Darumbals of the Taroomball tribe. Elliott was wounded by a spear and one of his men was killed. However, Elliott had brought with his party a contingent of Native Police who turned near-certain loss into victory, it was the first of many battles. Permanent British settlement at the Rockhampton township began in July 1856, when Richard Palmer travelled from Gladstone with an escort of Native Police under sub-Lieutenant Walter Powell to set up a store. Powell constructed the Native Police barracks; this was the first habitable British building established at Rockhampton and it was located on the south bank of the Fitzroy River at the end of Albert Street. With abundant grazing lands and waters from the Fitzroy River and its many tributaries and lagoons, the region continued to expand rapidly. In 1858, the town of Rockhampton was proclaimed.
The town was surveyed at this time and the first sales of building allotments were held that year. In 1859, gold was discovered at Canoona. Miners rushed to the new field, using the site of Rockhampton on the Fitzroy River as the nearest navigable port; the Canoona field proved to be disappointing and thousands of would-be gold seekers were left stranded at Rockhampton. Although many returned south, others stayed. By 1861, the town boasted a regular newspaper, court house and School of Arts. Direct shipments of imported goods and migrants from the United Kingdom began to be received during the 1860s. During the 1860s and 1870s Rockhampton developed as the main port for the developing Central Queensland hinterland. In the 1880s and 1890s, sea ports were established on the coast, adjacent to the mouth of the Fitzroy River. Broadmount was on Port Alma on the south. Railways were subsequently constructed to carry goods to the wharves at these locations, the railway to Broadmount opening on 1 January 1898 and the line to Port Alma opened on 16 October 1911.
Maintenance on the Broadmount line ceased in August 1929. The following month, the wharf caught fire and the line was closed in July 1930; the line to Port Alma closed on 15 October 1986. The significant gold deposit at Mount Morgan to the southwest was discovered in the 1880s, a
St Lawrence, Queensland
St Lawrence is a small town and locality in Queensland, Australia. It is part of the Isaac Region local government area. In the 2011 census, St Lawrence had a population of 396 people. St Lawrence is located 802 kilometres north of 6 kilometres off the Bruce Highway; the town is located south of St Lawrence Creek, which flows into a vast bay known as Broad Sound, a waterway noted for its large tidal range. The North Coast railway line passes through the town, served by St Lawrence railway station; the township of St Lawrence was established to maintain the Customs Office for the Port of St Lawrence. The St Lawrence State School opened on 28 May 1871; the St Lawrence Library opened in 2001. At the 2006 census, St Lawrence and the surrounding area had a population of 195. St Lawrence was the administrative centre of the Shire of Broadsound until 2008, when the shire was amalgamated with the Shire of Belyando and the Shire of Nebo to form the Isaac Region local government area. Moranbah is the administrative centre of the new region but the former Broadsound Shire offices at 36 Macartney Street are still used as the local offices of the Isaac Regional Council.
The building was described in 2004 as "a disarmingly elegant building which seems quite out of place in this otherwise undistinguished town". Once a prosperous port town, exporting cattle from the hinterland, most residents are now railway workers. St Lawrence has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Cannon Street: Christ Church Anglican Church Macartney Street: St Lawrence Police Station Settlement Road: Meatworks and Wharf Site The Isaac Regional Council operates a public library at 22 Railway Parade. St Lawrence State School is in Macartney Street. In 2015, it had an enrolment of 10 students with 2 teachers; the school motto is'Knowledge, Honesty'. University of Queensland: Queensland Places: St Lawrence BOM: Summary statistics: ST LAWRENCE POST OFFICE
Government of Queensland
The Government of Queensland referred to as the Queensland Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Queensland. The Government of Queensland, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1859 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Queensland has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Queensland ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth. Key state government offices are located at 1 William Street in the Brisbane central business district; the Government of Queensland operates under the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. The Governor of Queensland, as the representative of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, holds nominal power, although in practice only performs ceremonial duties.
The Parliament of Queensland holds legislative power, while executive power lies with the Premier and Cabinet, judicial power is exercised by a system of courts and tribunals. The Parliament of Queensland is the state's legislature, it consists of Her Majesty The Queen, a single chamber. Queensland is the only Australian state with a unicameral parliament after a second chamber, the Legislative Council, was abolished in 1922; the Legislative Assembly has 93 members. Elections for the Legislative Assembly are held every four years; the Cabinet of Queensland is the government's chief policy-making organ, consists of the Premier and all ministers. The Queensland Government delivers services, determines policy and regulations, including legal interpretation, by a number of agencies grouped under areas of portfolio responsibility; each portfolio is led by a government minister, a member of the Parliament. As of April 2016 there were nineteen lead agencies, called government departments, that consist of: Department of the Premier and Cabinet Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services Department of Education and Training Department of Energy and Water Supply Department of Environment and Heritage Protection Queensland Health Department of Housing and Public Works Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planning Department of Justice and Attorney-General Department of National Parks and Racing Department of Natural Resources and Mines Queensland Police Service and Queensland Fire and Emergency Services Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation Department of State Development Department of Transport and Main Roads Queensland Treasury Department of Tourism, Major Events, Small Business and the Commonwealth GamesA range of other agencies support the functions of these departments.
The judiciary of Queensland consists of the Magistrates Court, the District Court, the Supreme Court, as well as a number of smaller courts and tribunals. The Chief Justice of Queensland is the state's most senior judicial officer; the Magistrates Court is the lowest tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland. The court's criminal jurisdiction covers summary offences, indictable offences which may be heard summarily, but all criminal proceedings in Queensland begin in the Magistrates Court if they are not within this jurisdiction. For charges beyond its jurisdiction, the court conducts committal hearings in which the presiding magistrate decides, based on the strength of the evidence, whether to refer the matter to a higher court or dismiss it; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is less than or equal to $150,000. Appeals against decisions by the Magistrates Court are heard by the District Court; the District Court is the middle tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland.
The court has jurisdiction to hear all appeals from decisions made in the Magistrates Court. Its criminal jurisdiction covers serious indictable offences; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is more than $150,000 but less than or equal to $750,000. Appeals against decisions by the District Court are heard by the Court of Appeal, a division of the Supreme Court; the Supreme Court is the highest tier of the judicial hierarchy Queensland. The court has two divisions; the Trial Division's jurisdiction covers serious criminal offences, civil matters involving claims of more than $750,000. The Court of Appeal's jurisdiction allows it to hear cases on appeal from the Trial Division, the District Court, a number of other judicial tribunals in Queensland. Appeals against decisions by the Court of Appeal are heard by the High Court of Australia. There are several factors; the legislature has no upper house. For a large portion of its history, the state was under a gerrymander that favoured rural electorates.
This, combined with the decentralised nature of Queensland, meant that politics has been dominated by regional interests. Queensland, along with New South Wales operated a balloting system known as Optional Preferential Voting for state elections; this is different from the predominant Australian electoral system, the instant-runoff voting system, in practice is closer to a first past the post ballot, which some say is to the
Blackwater is both a town and a locality in the Central Highlands Region, Australia, 190 km west of Rockhampton. It is a town in a significant coal mining area in Central Queensland; the name of the township was inspired by the dark colour of local waterholes. Six major open cut coal mines and one underground dot the landscape surrounding the town and provide its main employment opportunities; the town is situated close to the Blackdown Tableland National Park which lies to the southeast and Blackwater coal mine located south of the town. Emerald is 74 kilometres to the west. Blackwater was established on Kanolu territory, is named after the Blackwater Creek, first observed to flow with black water, believed to be caused by the local coal deposits. Coal deposits were discovered there by Ludwig Leichhardt on his expedition from Moreton Bay to Port Essington in 1845. Leichhardt saw "beds of coal indistinguishable from those on the Hunter at Newcastle". Blackwater Post Office opened on 19 July 1877.
Blackwater State School opened on 21 November 1877. It wasn't until over a century after Leichhardt first discovered the beds of coal at Blackwater that the town saw major coal mining development. With the opening up of several coal mines near the town in the 1960s, Blackwater's population increased as people searching for work flocked to find employment in the town's booming mining industry. There were 77 people living in Blackwater; this increased to 2,000 when the 1971 census was recorded. Blackwater State High School opened on 30 January 1973. By the mid-late 1970s, the population of Blackwater was more than 10,000 people. At that time the town had 3 Rugby League clubs: South Blackwater, Blackwater Devils and Blackwater Centrals. Blackwater North State School opened on 30 January 1979; the town's population peaked in the early 1990s with 6,760 people living in Blackwater in 1991. Since the population of the town has waned. In the 2011 census, there were still over 5,000 people living in the Blackwater community.
100,000 workers were employed in coal mining at Blackwater over its 50 year history. The town has provided considerable economic development for Australia more generally; the Central Highlands Regional Council Library Services operates a Library in Blackwater at the Community Centre on Wey Street. Frank Tutungi Memorial Lions Park is on the corner of the Capricorn Mackenzie Street, it is named after one of the Blackwater Lions Charter Members, Frank Tutungi was one of the original members of the Blackwater Lions Club and was the first from Blackwater to become a District Governor. The park displays the flgs of the 37 nationalities who worked in the town; the Blackwater branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the QCWA Hall at 1 Ardurad Road. Blackwater State School is a government primary school for girls at Wey Street. In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 183 students with 14 teachers and 18 non-teaching staff. Blackwater North State School is a government primary school for girls at William Street.
In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 397 students with 27 teachers and 19 non-teaching staff. It includes a special education program. Blackwater State High School is a government secondary school for girls at Elm Street. In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 316 students with 24 non-teaching staff, it includes a special education program. Olympic track cyclist Anna Meares was born in Blackwater in 1983. In 2012, Anna Meares had a street named after her in the town when Meares Street was constructed as part of a new subdivision in the centre of Blackwater. Australian television personality and comedian Josh Thomas was born in Blackwater in 1987 but moved with his family to Brisbane soon after. Australian rugby league players PJ Marsh and David Taylor both grew up in Blackwater and have represented various teams in the National Rugby League competition. Wayne Denning was born in Blackwater, he established the award-winning creative agency Carbon Creative. Blackwater Airport Blackwater railway system Coal in Australia University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Blackwater
Calliope is a town and locality in the Gladstone Region, Australia. At the 2011 census, Calliope had a population of 3,058. Calliope is near the'cross-roads' of the Bruce Highway and the Dawson Highway in Central Queensland, 20 kilometres SSW of the port city of Gladstone; the town is reputedly named after the ship Calliope, which brought the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Charles Augustus FitzRoy to Port Curtis in 1854. Industries of the town and surrounds since that time have included gold mining, beef and more heavy industry and tourism. Calliope Post Office opened on 1 March 1864. Alluvial gold was mined in the area after its discovery in 1862; the following year Queensland's first goldfield was proclaimed. In 1872, a state primary school was opened; the Calliope River Historical Village is situated on the banks of the Calliope River. Lake Awoonga resulted from the construction of a dam on the Boyne River. Lake Awoonga supplies water to the city of Gladstone, Calliope and other townships in the region, as well as supplying the major industries for which the Gladstone region is known.
Total capacity of Lake Awoonga is 777,000 megalitres. The catchment area contributing to the Lake is 2,240 square kilometres and is surrounded by the Boyne and Many Peaks Ranges. Lake Awoonga is home to a thriving array of native animals, several of which are of conservation significance. Two fauna species are listed as vulnerable: the yellow-bellied glider and the grey-headed flying fox. For the bird-watching enthusiast, Lake Awoonga is a paradise with more than 225 species or over 27% of Australia's bird species found in the region; the southern squatter pigeon is listed as vulnerable and of conservation significance, twenty-seven species are listed on International Migratory Conservation Agreement lists. Lake Awoonga is arguably one of the most important near-coast bird refuges on the East Coast of Australia; the Gladstone Area Water Board operates a fish hatchery which breeds barramundi and mangrove jack for release into Lake Awoonga. Barramundi over 20 kg are caught, the heaviest caught by August 2008 weighed in at a hefty 36.5 kg.
In addition, the mangrove jack breeding program has resulted in Lake Awoonga holding the largest stocks in Australia with over 13,000 released. Since 1996 over two and a half million barramundi fingerlings and 340,000 mullet fingerlings have been released into Lake Awoonga. Calliope has an 18-hole golf course with a bowls club. There are an annual rodeo held each year; the town has a swimming pool, sports fields, Hazelbrook Park and a skateboard ramp. Recent years have seen the introduction of a child care centre, supermarket shopping, specialty stores, doctors surgeries and other essential services. A large number of new homes and town houses have been built in Calliope due to its proximity to Gladstone Port and associated industries such as LNG; until 2008, Calliope was the council headquarters of the Calliope Shire which included Boyne Island, Tannum Sands, Mount Larcom and most of the industrial plants plus Awoonga dam. Calliope has now become one of the towns under the umbrella of the Gladstone Regional Council after the merger of the Calliope Shire Council and the former Gladstone City Council.
GRC still maintain significant offices in Calliope. The Calliope Library is on Don Cameron Drive. There is a Gladstone Regional Council administration centre at 5 Don Cameron Drive. Media: Calliope is serviced by Christian FM radio 87.6FM. The Calliope branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the CWA Hall at 2 Bloomfield Street. Calliope State School is a government co-educational Primary School at Calliope. In 2015 the Calliope State School had 588 students enrolled with a teaching staff of 38 FTE and 15 FTE non-teaching staff. Students from Calliope State School come from a wide range of socio-economic backgrounds with an ICSEA of 977 in 2015. 4% of the students identify as being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent. The Boyne Valley Gladstone, Queensland Boyne River, Queensland Calliope River, Queensland Lake Awoonga, Queensland Media related to Calliope, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Calliope