Castor (1782 ship)
Castor was a merchantman launched in 1782. She made one voyage for the British East India Company, her owners sold her in 1799. She was last listed in 1808. Lloyd's Register On 10 September 1793, Captain Joseph Salkeld, received a letter of marque for Castor. Salkeld sailed Castor from Portsmouth on 17 May 1796, she remained there until 10 December. She arrived at Calcutta on 8 March 1797. Homeward bound, she was at Diamond Harbour on 7 June, reached St Helena on 3 September, she left St Helena on 26 September and arrived at The Downs on 30 January 1798. Castor was at Ramsgate on 6 February 1798. Lloyd's List for 2 February reported that Castor, master, from Bengal, had been run afoul of by Minerva, master, in The Downs. Castor was on shore at Ramsgate, the cargo was expected to be saved; the EIC reported that part of the cargo was saved, put the value of the cargo that it had lost on Castor at £7878. By one report, her owners sold Castor to Dutch owners in 1800. Salkeld had by become master of Minerva and was on his way to Australia, transporting convicts.
That same source states that in 1802 Curling and Co. of London, purchased Castor for use as a West Indiaman. However, by 1799 Curling & Co. owned Castor. Her master was Mackenzie, her trade London - Jamaica, she had been lengthened in 1796, as a result her burthen was now 467 tons. She had undergone a thorough repair in 1799, her new owners chose not to arm her, let alone apply for a letter of marque. Lloyd's Register Register of Shipping Notes Citations References Hackman, Rowan Ships of the East India Company.. ISBN 0-905617-96-7 Reports from the Select Committee of the House of Commons appointed to enquire into the present state of the affairs of the East India Company, together with the minutes of evidence, an appendix of documents, a general index, Vol. 2, p.977
Castor of Karden
Saint Castor of Karden was a priest and hermit of the 4th century, venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church. Castor was a pupil of Maximinus of Trier around 345 AD, was ordained as a priest by Maximinus. Like his teacher, Castor may have come from the region of Aquitaine. At his ordination, Castor settled at Karden on the Moselle as a hermit with various companions, where they dedicated themselves to an ascetic life and established a small religious community. Castor’s companions there included the Aquitanian pilgrim Saint Potentinus, Potentinus’ two sons Felicius and Simplicius. Castor died at Karden at an advanced age. By the year 791 AD, there was a reliquary dedicated to Castor, translated to the Paulinuskirchen at Karden. In 836, the relics were translated to what became the Basilica of St. Castor at Koblenz by Archbishop Hetto of Trier. Kastor - ein Mann aus Aquitanien Kastor van Karden Kastor von Karden
A glove is a garment covering the whole hand. Gloves have separate sheaths or openings for each finger and the thumb. If there is an opening but no covering sheath for each finger they are called fingerless gloves. Fingerless gloves having one large opening rather than individual openings for each finger are sometimes called gauntlets, though gauntlets are not fingerless. Gloves which cover the entire hand or fist but do not have separate finger openings or sheaths are called mittens. Mittens are warmer than other styles of gloves made of the same material because fingers maintain their warmth better when they are in contact with each other. A hybrid of glove and mitten contains open-ended sheaths for the four fingers and an additional compartment encapsulating the four fingers; this compartment can be lifted off the fingers and folded back to allow the individual fingers ease of movement and access while the hand remains covered. The usual design is for the mitten cavity to be stitched onto the back of the fingerless glove only, allowing it to be flipped over to transform the garment from a mitten to a glove.
These hybrids are called convertible mittens or glittens, a combination of "glove" and "mittens". Gloves protect and comfort hands against cold or heat, damage by friction, abrasion or chemicals, disease. Latex, nitrile rubber or vinyl disposable gloves are worn by health care professionals as hygiene and contamination protection measures. Police officers wear them to work in crime scenes to prevent destroying evidence in the scene. Many criminals wear gloves to avoid leaving fingerprints, which makes the crime investigation more difficult. However, the gloves themselves can leave prints that are just as unique as human fingerprints. After collecting glove prints, law enforcement can match them to gloves that they have collected as evidence. In many jurisdictions the act of wearing gloves itself while committing a crime can be prosecuted as an inchoate offense. Fingerless gloves are useful where dexterity is required that gloves would restrict. Cigarette smokers and church organists use fingerless gloves.
Some gloves include a gauntlet that extends partway up the arm. Cycling gloves for road racing or touring are fingerless. Guitar players use fingerless gloves in circumstances where it is too cold to play with an uncovered hand. Gloves are made of materials including cloth, knitted or felted wool, rubber, neoprene and metal. Gloves of kevlar protect the wearer from cuts. Gloves and gauntlets are integral components of pressure suits and spacesuits such as the Apollo/Skylab A7L which went to the moon. Spacesuit gloves combine toughness and environmental protection with a degree of sensitivity and flexibility. Gloves appear to be of great antiquity. According to some translations of Homer's The Odyssey, Laërtes is described as wearing gloves while walking in his garden so as to avoid the brambles. Herodotus, in The History of Herodotus, tells how Leotychides was incriminated by a glove full of silver that he received as a bribe. There are occasional references to the use of gloves among the Romans as well.
Pliny the Younger, his uncle's shorthand writer wore gloves in winter so as not to impede the elder Pliny's work. A gauntlet, which could be a glove made of leather or some kind of metal armour, was a strategic part of a soldier's defense throughout the Middle Ages, but the advent of firearms made hand-to-hand combat rare; as a result, the need for gauntlets disappeared. During the 13th century, gloves began to be worn by ladies as a fashion ornament, they were made of linen and silk, sometimes reached to the elbow. Such worldly accoutrements were not for holy women, according to the early 13th century Ancrene Wisse, written for their guidance. Sumptuary laws were promulgated to restrain this vanity: against samite gloves in Bologna, 1294, against perfumed gloves in Rome, 1560. A Paris corporation or guild of glovers existed from the thirteenth century, they made them in skin or in fur. By 1440, in England glovers had become members of the Dubbers or Bookbinders Guild until they formed their own guild during the reign of Elizabeth I.
The Glovers' Company was incorporated in 1613. It was not until the 16th century that gloves reached their greatest elaboration; the 1592 "Ditchley" portrait of her features her holding leather gloves in her left hand. In Paris, the gantiers became gantiers parfumeurs, for the scented oils, musk and civet, that perfumed leather gloves, but their trade, an introduction at the court of Catherine de Medici, was not recognised until 1656, in a royal brevet. Makers of knitted gloves, which did not retain perfume and had less social cachet, were organised in a separate guild, of bonnetiers who might knit silk as well as wool; such workers were organised in the fourteenth century. Knitted gloves were a refined handiwork that required five years of apprenticeship. In the 17th century, gloves made of soft chicken skin became fashionable; the craze for gloves called "limericks" took hold. This particular fad was the product of a manufacturer in Limerick, who fashioned the gloves from the sk
Castor oil is a vegetable oil pressed from castor beans. The name comes from its use as a replacement for castoreum. Castor oil is a colourless to pale yellow liquid with a distinct taste and odor, its boiling point is 313 °C and its density is 961 kg/m3. It is a triglyceride in which 90 percent of fatty acid chains are ricinoleates. Oleate and linoleates are the other significant components. Castor oil and its derivatives are used in the manufacturing of soaps, lubricants and brake fluids, dyes, inks, cold resistant plastics and polishes, nylon and perfumes. Castor oil is well known as a source of ricinoleic acid, a monounsaturated, 18-carbon fatty acid. Among fatty acids, ricinoleic acid is unusual in that it has a hydroxyl functional group on the 12th carbon; this functional group causes ricinoleic acid to be more polar than most fats. The chemical reactivity of the alcohol group allows chemical derivatization, not possible with most other seed oils; because of its ricinoleic acid content, castor oil is a valuable chemical in feedstocks, commanding a higher price than other seed oils.
As an example, in July 2007, Indian castor oil sold for about US$0.90 per kilogram whereas U. S. soybean and canola oils sold for about US$0.30 per kilogram. Annually 270,000–360,000 tonnes of castor oil are produced for a variety of uses. In the food industry, castor oil is used in food additives, candy, as a mold inhibitor, in packaging. Polyoxyethylated castor oil is used in the food industries. In India and Nepal food grains are preserved by the application of castor oil, it stops rice and pulses from rotting. For example, the legume pigeon pea is available coated in oil for extended storage. Use of castor oil as a laxative is attested to in the circa 1550 BC Ebers Papyrus, was in use for several centuries prior; the United States Food and Drug Administration has categorized castor oil as "generally recognized as safe and effective" for over-the-counter use as a laxative with its major site of action the small intestine where it is digested into ricinoleic acid. Despite castor oil being used to induce labor in pregnant women, to date there is not enough research to show whether it is effective to dilate the cervix or induce labor.
Therapeutically, modern drugs are given in a pure chemical state, so most active ingredients are combined with excipients or additives. Castor oil, or a castor oil derivative such as Kolliphor EL, is added to many modern drugs, including: Miconazole, an antifungal agent. Optive Plus and Refresh Ultra, are artificial tears to treat dry eye. Castor oil is one of the components of Vishnevsky liniment. In naturopathy castor oil has been promoted as a treatment for a variety of human health conditions, including cysts; the claim has been made that applying it to the skin can help cure cancer. However, according to the American Cancer Society, "available scientific evidence does not support claims that castor oil on the skin cures cancer or any other disease." Castor oil has been used in cosmetic products included in creams and as a moisturizer. It has been used to enhance hair conditioning in other products and for supposed anti-dandruff properties. Castor oil is used as a bio-based polyol in the polyurethane industry.
The average functionality of castor oil is 2.7, so it is used as a rigid polyol and in coatings. One particular use is in a polyurethane concrete where a Castor Oil emulsion is reacted with an isocyanate and a Cement and Construction aggregate; this is applied thickly as a slurry, self-levelling. This base is further coated with other systems to build a resilient floor, it is not a drying oil, meaning that it has a low reactivity with air compared to oils such as linseed oil and tung oil. Dehydration of castor oil yields linoleic acids, which do have drying properties. In this process, the OH group on the ricinoleic acid along with a hydrogen from the next carbon atom are removed yielding a double bond which has oxidative cross-linking properties yielding the drying oil. Castor oil can be broken down into other chemical compounds that have numerous applications. Transesterification followed by steam cracking gives undecylenic acid, a precursor to specialized polymer nylon 11, heptanal, a component in fragrances.
Breakdown of castor oil in strong base gives 2-octanol, both a fragrance component and a specialized solvent, the dicarboxylic acid sebacic acid. Hydrogenation of castor oil saturates the alkenes, giving a waxy lubricant.. Castor oil may be epoxidized by reacting the OH groups with Epichlorohydrin to make the triglycidyl ether of castor oil, useful in epoxy technology; this is available commercially
Orphan Black is a Canadian science fiction thriller television series created by screenwriter Graeme Manson and director John Fawcett, starring Tatiana Maslany as several identical people who are clones. The series focuses on Sarah Manning, a woman who assumes the identity of one of her fellow clones, Elizabeth Childs, after witnessing Childs' suicide; the series raises issues about the moral and ethical implications of human cloning, its effect on issues of personal identity. The series is produced by Temple Street Productions, in association with BBC America and Bell Media's Space, it premiered on March 30, 2013, on Space on BBC America in the United States. On June 16, 2016, the series was renewed for a fifth and final 10-episode season, which premiered on June 10, 2017. An aftershow, After the Black, began airing in the third season on Space and was acquired by BBC America for the fourth season; the series begins with Sarah Manning, a con artist, witnessing the suicide of a woman, Beth Childs, who appears to be her doppelgänger.
Sarah assumes Beth's occupation after Beth's death. During the first season, Sarah discovers that she is a clone, that she has many'sister' clones spread throughout North America and Europe that are all part of an illegal human cloning experiment, that someone is plotting to kill them and her. Alongside her foster brother, Felix Dawkins, two of her fellow clones, Alison Hendrix and Cosima Niehaus, Sarah discovers the origin of the clones: a scientific movement called Neolution; the movement believes that human beings can use scientific knowledge to direct their evolution as a species. The movement has an institutional base in the large and wealthy biotech corporation, the Dyad Institute, headed by Dr. Aldous Leekie; the Dyad Institute conducts basic research, lobbies political institutions, promotes its eugenics program, aided by the clone Rachel Duncan. It seeks to profit from the technology the clones embody and has thus placed "monitors" into the clones' personal lives to study them scientifically, but to keep them under surveillance.
Sarah discovers that she's wanted by the police and by a secret religious group, the Proletheans. A faction of the Proletheans carries out the clone assassinations, because they believe clones are abominations, they use Sarah's biological twin sister, Helena, to kill the other clones. Sarah and Helena share a surrogate birth mother and are twins both genetically and with respect to their early maternal environment; the Dyad Institute and the Proletheans learn that Sarah has a daughter, the only known offspring of a clone. The plot lines of the series revolve around Sarah and Kira's efforts to avoid capture by the sinister Neolutionists and Proletheans, as well as around the efforts made by each clone to give sense to her life and origin; the attempt to control the creation of human life is a dominant theme that drives various story lines. A second key theme forms around the intrigues made by the Dyad Group and the Proletheans, along with the earlier intrigues made by the authors of Project Leda, Mrs. S.
Sarah's foster mother, her political network. Both themes intersect in the effort to control the creation of human life. Sarah, who matures because of her struggles, defends the bond between parent and child against the Neolutionists and Proletheans. Tatiana Maslany as Sarah Manning, Alison Hendrix, Cosima Niehaus, Rachel Duncan and several Project Leda clones, all born in 1984 to various women by in vitro fertilization. Dylan Bruce as Paul Dierden, an ex-military mercenary, Beth's monitor and boyfriend. Jordan Gavaris as Sarah's foster brother and confidant, he identifies as moonlights as a prostitute. He is the first person. Kevin Hanchard as Detective Arthur "Art" Bell, Beth's police partner. Michael Mando as Victor "Vic" Schmidt, Sarah's abusive, drug-dealing ex-boyfriend. Maria Doyle Kennedy as Siobhan Sadler and Felix's Irish foster mother, they call her "Mrs. S." She acts as guardian to Sarah's daughter Kira. Évelyne Brochu as Dr. Delphine Cormier, Cosima's monitor and fellow scientist. Ari Millen as Mark Rollins, a Prolethean.
Kristian Bruun as Donnie Hendrix, Alison's husband and monitor. Josh Vokey as Scott Smith, a fellow student of Cosima at the University of Minnesota, who joins her and Delphine at the Dyad Institute. Skyler Wexler as Kira Manning and Cal's biological, naturally-conceived, daughter; the only child of a clone, she has inherited the apparent accelerated healing ability demonstrated by Sarah and Helena, has shown the ability to tell the clones apart when they are posing as each other. Inga Cadranel as Detective Angela "Angie" Deangelis, Art's new partner, trying to uncover the clone conspiracy behind Art's back. Matt Frewer as Dr. Aldous Leekie, frontman of the Institute and the face of the Neolution movement. Matthew Bennett as Daniel Rosen, a Dyad associated lawyer, assigned to do Rachel's shady work, he had a sexual relationship with Rachel and acted as her monitor with her knowledge. Daniel Kash as Tomas, responsible for the kidnapping and subsequent psychological and physical abuse of Helena.
Castor is a village in Bienville Parish in north Louisiana, United States. The population was 209 at the 2000 census but increased 23% to 258 in 2010; the median age is 32.2 years. The village was established in 1900; the name "Castor" refers to the genus Castoridae or beaver, a Latin term, contrary to an oral tradition of the word being Native American in origin. Castor's ZIP code is 71016, the local landline AT&T telephone numbers start with 544, with wireless number prefixes varying according to service provider. A number of surrounding smaller villages, both incorporated and not, including Roy, utilize the ZIP code of Castor. During the Civil War, Castor supplied salt for the Confederacy. A salt works was operated west of Castor by Alfred P. King; the area supplied hundreds of young men as soldiers during the Civil War, including the Castor Guards and the Bienville Rifles. Dr. Dempsey Sullivan was a physician, his daughter, Willie Sullivan, married Sam Smith, the couple had 21 children. All but one of the children who died are interred at the New Ebenezer Cemetery.
Mrs. Bonnie Daniel and Mrs. Merlene Young lived the furthest away in Weatherford and Kerrville, Texas but they too are buried at Ebenezer; the Sam and Willie Sullivan Smith family, one of the oldest in Castor, lost six members in a tornado in 1950. Mr. and Mrs. Smith, Elaine Smith, Celia Sullivan, Dottie Jo Knotts, Prentice Little were all killed; the homestead was wiped clean except for a bucket on the water well. The Smith family sold most of its land to Jerry "Cotton" Guin, an employee of Libbey Glass in Shreveport, who raised bees there until 2009; the Louisiana rails to trails project, which extends from Sibley to Winnfield, deconstructed the once Kansas City Southern Railway track to make a recreational nature trail that, on completion, runs through the center of Castor. The first school in Castor was located in the former Masonic lodge near the site of the present United Methodist Church. By 1912, Castor State Bank joined a small group of businesses on North Front Street; the bank and other buildings burned in 1929.
A new bank building, a two-story brick structure, opened with the upper floor reserved for the Masonic lodge. This bank closed in 1933, but the top floor was still maintained by the lodge and the Order of the Eastern Star, chartered in Castor on June 6, 1912. In the winter of 1983, fire destroyed this building, the lodge records were lost. A new lodge hall was constructed in 1985 across from the Methodist Church. In the late evening of April 23, 2000, Castor was struck by a tornado with a half-mile-wide path of destruction, which caused massive damage. There were no severe injuries, but the infrastructure damage caused the closure of most small businesses as well as the public school for a period of weeks. Most of the affected buildings were renovated because of the severe damage. Discovered in 2007-2008, the Haynesville Shale, one of the largest natural gas deposits in the United States, sits underneath northwest Louisiana, including Castor. A large pocket of the Haynesville Shale was developed at the edge of the village, but an industrial/production accident involving the site damaged the pocket, making it unusable for the time being.
Castor is located at 32°15′10″N 93°9′54″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.2 square miles, all land. At ground level, Castor seems flat and surrounded by trees. Verizon constructed a tower within a few miles of the village, allowing satisfactory reception of the Verizon Wireless network; the active area or center of Castor is the four-way intersection of LA 4/LA 153 and LA 507, but the city limits extend from the light for about a quarter mile in all directions. Castor Creek is a tributary of Black Lake Bayou, which flows 4 miles southwest of Castor; as of the census of 2000, there were 209 people, 88 households, 52 families and 6 teeth residing in the village. The population density was 174.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 101 housing units at an average density of 84.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 85.17% White, 11.96% African American, 2.87% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.83% of the population.
There were 88 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.8% were non-families. 38.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.25. In the village, the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 14.8% from 45 to 64, 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males. The median income for a household in the village was $23,125, the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $35,833 for females; the per capita income for the village was $11,963. About 17.3% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under the age of eighteen and 15.7% of those sixty five or over.
Castor has two churches within the immediate village: the United Methodist on Louisiana Highway 507 and the First Baptist Church, a Southern Baptist affiliate, on Front Street adjacent to the Castor School Complex. South on Louisiana Route 153
Caistor is a town and civil parish situated in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. As its name implies, it was a Roman castrum or fortress, it lies at the north-west edge of the Lincolnshire Wolds, on the Viking Way, just off the A46 between Lincoln and Grimsby, at the A46, A1084, A1173 and B1225 junction. It has a population of 2,601, its name was given in the Domesday Book as Castre. Only a few fragments of the 4th-century walls remain; the area occupied by the fortress is now classified as a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The church of St Peter and St Paul, enclosed within the fortress, has an Anglo-Saxon tower; the market square lies at the heart of a conservation area which contains 56 Grade II, listed buildings. In numerical terms, the number of listed buildings makes Caistor the most important conservation area in the West Lindsey area. Notable buildings in the town include Caistor Grammar School, founded in 1633, Sessions House, built in 1662. In 2010 the remains of a 4th-century Roman cemetery were found during the development of a new Co-op supermarket.
Caistor Grammar School dates from the reign of Charles I. An academy with a selective pupil intake, it has specialist school status for humanities. Sir Henry Newbolt, author of Drake's Drum, was educated at the school. Caistor Yarborough Academy is a mixed comprehensive school named in memory of John Edward Pelham, the 7th Earl of Yarborough. Being limited to 570 pupils it is much smaller than the average British school of this type, it has Arts College status under the English specialist schools programme. In 2012 the school became an Academy. Opened in 1940, RAF Caistor was built as a relief airfield for RAF Kirton in Lindsey, used for flying training from its grass runways. Closed in 1945, it reopened as a nuclear missile base. Between 1959 and 1963 Caistor was manned by 269 Sqn. equipped with three Thor missiles. The site has now returned to agricultural use, little remains of the military facilities. Nearby station include Barnetby railway station, with TransPennine Express and East Midlands Trains services, plus Northern services on Saturdays.
Humberside Airport is located a short distance to the north of the town. Audleby is a hamlet just north of Fonaby, it is recorded in the Domesday Book with 33 households, which at the time was considered quite large. Today it is listed as a deserted medieval village. Audleby House on Brigg Road is a Grade II listed building. Fonaby is a hamlet and deserted medieval village just north of Caistor, mentioned in the Domesday Book as having 18 households and three acres of meadow, held by William I. Admiral Nigel Malim lived at Caistor. According to a local tradition, one of Jesus's 12 apostles, Simon the Zealot, came to England, where he is supposed to have been martyred somewhere in the vicinity of Casitor, he was reputedly crucified on the orders of a Roman procurator called Catus Decianus on 10 May AD61. Caistor Poor Law Union Caistor.net Caistor in the Domesday Book Audleby in the Domesday Book