Stuart Park, Northern Territory
Stuart Park is an inner suburb of the city of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. This area derived its name as part of Parap after the Army had left in 1946 and a number of Sidney William hutments remained; the Parap Parish Hall between Westralia Street and Charles Street existed in 1949, but was not named until 1954. When Administrator Driver was making the first moves towards local government, local Progress Associations were set up, including Stuart Park in 1950, it is believed that the park or camp area part of Parap, got its name as a separate unit from the park/camp area near the Stuart Highway which in turn is named after Scottish explorer John McDouall Stuart. Stuart Park is a predominantly residential suburb and is associated with other inner Darwin suburbs of Fannie Bay and Parap. Gothenburg Crescent in Stuart Park was named after the ill-fated SS Gothenburg, which left Darwin in February 1875 and sank a few days off the North Queensland coast with the loss of 102 lives. "The Origin of Suburbs, Localities and Hundreds in the Greater Darwin area".
Northern Territory Government. 2007. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2007
Darwin, Northern Territory
Darwin is the capital city of the Northern Territory of Australia, situated on the Timor Sea. It is the largest city in the sparsely populated Northern Territory, with a population of 145,916, it is the smallest and most northerly of the Australian capital cities, acts as the Top End's regional centre. Darwin's proximity to South East Asia makes it a link between Australia and countries such as Indonesia and East Timor; the Stuart Highway begins in Darwin, extends southerly across central Australia through Tennant Creek and Alice Springs, concluding in Port Augusta, South Australia. The city is built upon a low bluff overlooking the harbour, its suburbs begin at Lee Point in the stretch to Berrimah in the east. Past Berrimah, the Stuart Highway goes on to its suburbs; the Darwin region, like much of the Top End, experiences a tropical climate with a wet and dry season. A period known locally as "the build up" leading up to Darwin's wet season sees temperature and humidity increase. Darwin's wet season arrives in late November to early December and brings with it heavy monsoonal downpours, spectacular lightning displays, increased cyclone activity.
During the dry season, the city has clear skies and mild sea breezes from the harbour. The greater Darwin area is the ancestral home of the Larrakia people. On 9 September 1839, HMS Beagle sailed into Darwin harbour during its survey of the area. John Clements Wickham named the region "Port Darwin" in honour of their former shipmate Charles Darwin, who had sailed with them on the ship's previous voyage which ended in October 1836; the settlement there became the town of Palmerston in 1869, but it was renamed Darwin in 1911. The city has been entirely rebuilt four times, following devastation caused by the 1897 cyclone, the 1937 cyclone, Japanese air raids during World War II, Cyclone Tracy in 1974; the Aboriginal people of the Larrakia language group are the traditional custodians and the first inhabitants of the greater Darwin area. They had trading routes with Southeast Asia, imported goods from as far afield as South and Western Australia. Established songlines penetrated throughout the country, allowing stories and histories to be told and retold along the routes.
The extent of shared songlines and history of multiple clan groups within this area is still contestable. The Dutch visited Australia's northern coastline in the 1600s and landed on the Tiwi Islands only to be repelled by the Tiwi peoples; the Dutch created the first European maps of the area. This accounts for the Dutch names such as Arnhem Land and Groote Eylandt; the first British person to see Darwin harbour appears to have been Lieutenant John Lort Stokes of HMS Beagle on 9 September 1839. The ship's captain, Commander John Clements Wickham, named the port after Charles Darwin, the British naturalist who had sailed with them both on the earlier second expedition of the Beagle. In 1863, the Northern Territory was transferred from New South Wales to South Australia. In 1864 South Australia sent B. T. Finniss north as Government Resident to survey and found a capital for its new territory. Finniss chose a site at Escape Cliffs, near the entrance to Adelaide River, about 60 kilometres northeast of the modern city.
This attempt was short-lived and the settlement abandoned by 1865. On 5 February 1869, George Goyder, the Surveyor-General of South Australia, established a small settlement of 135 people at Port Darwin between Fort Hill and the escarpment. Goyder named the settlement Palmerston, after the British Prime Minister Lord Palmerston. In 1870, the first poles for the Overland Telegraph were erected in Darwin, connecting Australia to the rest of the world; the discovery of gold by employees of the Australian Overland Telegraph Line digging holes for telegraph poles at Pine Creek in the 1880s spawned a gold rush which further boosted the young colony's development. In February 1872 the brigatine Alexandra was the first private vessel to set sail from an English port directly to Darwin, carrying people many of whom were coming to recent gold finds. In early 1875 Darwin's white population had grown to 300 because of the gold rush. On 17 February 1875 the SS Gothenburg left Darwin en route for Adelaide.
The 88 passengers and 34 crew included government officials, circuit-court judges, Darwin residents taking their first furlough, miners. While travelling south along the north Queensland coast, the Gothenburg encountered a cyclone-strength storm and was wrecked on a section of the Great Barrier Reef. Only 22 men survived, while between 112 people perished. Many passengers who perished were Darwin residents and news of the tragedy affected the small community, which took several years to recover. In the 1870s large numbers of Chinese settled at least temporarily in the Northern Territory. By 1888 there were 6122 Chinese in the Northern Territory in or around Darwin; the early Chinese settlers were from the Kwantung Province in south China. However at the end of the nineteenth century anti-Chinese feelings grew in response to the 1890s economic depression and the White Australia policy meant many Chinese left the Territory. However, some families stayed and became Australian citizens, established a commercial base in Darwin.
Darwin became the city's official name in 1911. The period between 1911 and 1919 was filled with political turmoil with trade union unrest, which culminated on 17 December 1918. Led by Harold Nelson, some 1000 demonstrators marched to Government House at Liberty
Parap, Northern Territory
Parap is an inner suburb of the city of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Parap derived its name from that applied by Dr John A Gilruth, first Commonwealth Administrator in 1912, he applied the name Paraparap, but had to abbreviate it to Parap during his term. Parap was the staging point to the event known as the Darwin Rebellion, on 17 December 1918, in protest against Gilruth's administration. Parap became well known as the 2½ Mile in subsequent years, being near the Railway Workshop when the train ran in pre-World War II years. In 1919, when the England to Australia air race was announced, Darwin airport was established in the suburb of Parap to act as the Australian Terminal. Darwin hence operated a civilian airport and a military field. In 1945, the Department of Aviation made the existing Darwin military airfield available for civil aviation purposes; as a result, the civilian airport at Parap was closed down and airport operations combined with the military airport. The London-Australia Air Race was a means of returning Australian Flying Corps pilots and crews to Australia after the cessation of hostilities – they were required to fly their aircraft home, with a £10,000 prize as the incentive for the first aircraft manned by Australians to reach Australia in less than 30 days before the end of 1919.
Having departed Hounslow Heath Aerodrome near London on 12 November and Keith Smith landed their Vickers FB27 Vimy G-EAOU 40 at Darwin aerodrome at 3.05 pm on Friday 10 December 1919 and were met by the Acting Administrator, Staniforth Smith. They had accomplished the first flight from Europe to Australia, a distance of 18,500 kilometres, in 27 days and 20 hours; the following day, the Acting Administrator entertained the heroes at Government House, where they were joined by Lieutenant Hudson Fysh DFC, another veteran of the Light Horse and No.1 Squadron AFC, responsible for clearing the airstrip at Fannie Bay. The aerodrome in Darwin at which they landed was in the suburb of Parap, near the site of the present pool. Parap is well known for its streets being named after early Australian aviators and explorers including. Parap is a predominantly residential suburb and is associated with its sister suburb, Fannie Bay and the adjacent inner suburbs of Ludmilla and Stuart Park. Price Street in Parap was named after Mr Edward W. Price and Commissioner Circuit Court of the Northern Territory from 1873 to 1876 and Government Resident of the Northern Territory from 1876 to 1883.
Mr Price lost his wife and six children on the ill-fated SS Gothenburg, which sank off the north Queensland coast, after hitting the Great Barrier Reef on 24 February 1875. The Parap Village Market is one of Darwin's longest running markets, is considered by many as the ideal meeting place to meet or to have breakfast or light meals; this multi-cultural market place is well known for its diverse food styles and crafts and its busy but relaxed atmosphere. Parap Markets encourage craftspeople. Situated in the Parap Village Shopping Precinct off Parap Road, the market operates every Saturday of the year between 8am - 2pm. Parking has increased and a car park on Parap Road is available for a gold coin donation. Toilet facilities are available
Woolworths Supermarkets is an Australian supermarket/grocery store chain owned by Woolworths Limited. Founded in 1924, Woolworths along with Coles forms a near-duopoly of Australian supermarkets accounting for about 80% of the Australian market. Woolworths specialises in selling groceries, but they sell magazines, DVDs, health & beauty products, household products and baby supplies and stationery items. Woolworths operates 1000 stores across Australia: 976 Supermarkets and an additional 19 convenience stores carrying the same logo. Woolworths Online known as "HomeShop", is their "click and collect" and home shopping delivery service. Woolworths Limited was founded in September 1924 under the name "Wallworths Bazaar Ltd.", a play on the internationally renowned F. W. Woolworth name. After discovering the name had not been registered in Australia, Woolworths had no plans for overseas expansion, the company became "Woolworths Limited" on 22 September 1924. Following the company's first "Bargain Basement" opening in the Imperial Arcade, on Sydney's Pitt Street, there was little interest in shareholders to accelerate the brand's growth.
However, as trading continued and shareholders brought more capital, the dividends paid by the company increased from 5% to 50% after its third year of opening Consumer interest in the company grew after December 1924, as more branches of the store were established across Australia. Woolworths stores began selling a variety of goods, claiming the cheapest prices as well as money back guarantees. At the forefront of innovation in Australia, Woolworths stores became the first variety store in the world to install receipt printing cash register machines in 1926. Nearly twenty years after the company's establishment, Woolworths had a store in every state in Australia, following the opening of their Hobart store in 1940. With the company and its stores doing Woolworths began to experiment with expanding their grocery range; as Woolworths began to transition to becoming a grocery store, this saw the creation of the first "Big W" store in 1955, the brand's department store counterpart. As of January 2017 99% of all Woolworths Supermarkets use the green apple Woolworths logo.
Some suburban stores still use the old logo in Australia. In 1959 Woolworths opened opened doors to Its 300th store in Wentworthville in New South Wales In 2018, Woolworths made a historical decision to ban single-use plastic bags during checkout, along with Coles. It's been reported in the first 3 months following the ban, Australian's plastic bag use dropped by 80%, leading to 1.5 billion fewer bags going to landfill. In 1982, Woolworths acquired two Tasmanian grocery brands: Roelf Vos and Purity, which were converted into Woolworths in 2000; the biggest buyout from Woolworths came in 1985, after American supermarket giant Safeway had amalgamated with an independently owned Victorian supermarket in 1961. Woolworths took over Safeway Australia in 1985, which had stores in Queensland. All stores in Queensland were rebranded as Woolworths supermarkets, however the Victorian stores remained trading under the Safeway name. A newly stylised Safeway logo was created to match the Woolworths brand. In 2008, Woolworths launched a new logo for its supermarket division so began phasing out the Safeway name on Victorian stores, rebranding them as Woolworths supermarkets.
The entire re-branding process had been calculated to take five years, completed in early 2013. However, several stores were still operating as Safeway past the expected completion period. In June 2017, the last remaining Safeway supermarket in Wodonga closed, was replaced with a new Woolworths store, ending the Safeway brand in Australia after 54 years. In 1987, Woolworths launched their "The Fresh Food People" campaign, the fundamental campaign that existed until 2012, when they modified their long-running slogan with "Australia's Fresh Food People" to more directly identify them as "Aussie", they brought the original "The Fresh Food People" slogan back in 2014 along with a new commercial lineup. Loyalty schemes include a number of incentives for purchasing at their stores by subsidising petrol prices at Caltex Woolworths petrol stations and the now defunct Woolworths Plus Petrol. Discounts included 2-cent, 4-cent, 6-cent and in some regional areas 10-cent discounts on fuel when purchases over certain amounts were conducted.
As of September 2009, the current offer is a 4 cent/L discount when transactions of over $30 are conducted in-store, with a further 4-cent discount available if customers spend another $5 or more on other items at the petrol site. In September 2007, a trial began in central west New South Wales of Everyday Rewards, a Woolworths shopping card that automatically tracks supermarket purchases and stores fuel discount entitlements, thus eliminating the need for shoppers to retain paper coupons used for this purpose. In addition it allows Woolworths to record purchases made by customers to offer them relevant promotions and for studies in demographics and marketing, hence incentives for customers who register their details; this followed Woolworths' announcement that it was planning to launch a general purpose credit card in 2008. Woolworths is expected to offer these credit cardholders reward vouchers redeemable throughout its store network. Woolworths subsequently announced that the Woolworths Everyday Money MasterCard would be launched on 26 August 200
Postcodes in Australia
Postcodes are used in Australia to more efficiently sort and route mail within the Australian postal system. Postcodes in Australia are placed at the end of the Australian address. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department and are now managed by Australia Post, are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website. Australian envelopes and postcards have four square boxes printed in orange at the bottom right for the postcode; these are used. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department to replace earlier postal sorting systems, such as Melbourne's letter and number codes and a similar system used in rural and regional New South Wales; the introduction of the postcodes coincided with the introduction of a large-scale mechanical mail sorting system in Australia, starting with the Sydney GPO. By 1968, 75% of mail was using postcodes, in the same year post office preferred-size envelopes were introduced, which came to be referred to as “standard envelopes”.
Postcode squares were introduced in June 1990 to enable Australia Post to use optical character recognition software in its mail sorting machines to automatically and more sort mail by postcodes. Australian postcodes consist of four digits, are written after the name of the city, suburb, or town, the state or territory: Mr John Smith 100 Flushcombe Road BLACKTOWN NSW 2148When writing an address by hand, a row of four boxes is pre-printed on the lower right hand corner of an envelope, the postcode may be written in the boxes. If addressing a letter from outside Australia, the postcode is recorded before'Australia'. Australian postcodes are sorting information, they are linked with one area. Due to post code rationalisation, they can be quite complex in country areas; the south-western Victoria 3221 postcode of the Geelong Mail Centre includes twenty places around Geelong with few people. This means that mail for these places is not sorted until it gets to Geelong; some postcodes cover large populations, while other postcodes have much smaller populations in urban areas.
Australian postcodes range from 0200 for the Australian National University to 9944 for Cannonvale, Queensland. Some towns and suburbs have two postcodes — one for street deliveries and another for post office boxes. For example, a street address in the Sydney suburb of Parramatta would be written like this: Mr John Smith 99 George Street PARRAMATTA NSW 2150But mail sent to a PO Box in Parramatta would be addressed: Mr John Smith PO Box 99 PARRAMATTA NSW 2124Many large businesses, government departments and other institutions receiving high volumes of mail had their own postcode as a Large Volume Receiver, e.g. the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital has the postcode 4029, the Australian National University had the postcode 0200. More postcode ranges were made available for LVRs in the 1990s. Australia Post has been progressively discontinuing the LVR programme since 2006; the first one or two numbers show the state or territory that the postcode belongs to Sometimes near the state and territory borders, Australia Post finds it easier to send mail through a nearby post office, across the border: Some of the postcodes above may cover two or more states.
For example, postcode 2620 covers both a locality in NSW as well as a locality in the ACT, postcode 0872 covers a number of localities across WA, SA, NT and QLD. Three locations straddle the NSW-Queensland border. Jervis Bay Territory, once an exclave of the ACT but now a separate territory, is geographically located on the coast of NSW, it is just south of the towns of Huskisson, with which it shares a postcode. Mail to the Jervis Bay Territory is still addressed to the ACT; the numbers used to show the state on each radio callsign in Australia are the same number as the first number for postcodes in that state, e.g. 2xx in New South Wales, 3xx in Victoria, etc. Radio callsigns pre-date postcodes in Australia by more than forty years. Australia's external territories are included in Australia Post's postcode system. While these territories do not belong to any state, they are addressed as such for mail sorting: Three scientific bases in Antarctica operated by the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions share a postcode with the isolated sub-Antarctic island of Macquarie Island: Each state's capital city ends with three zeroes, while territorial capital cities end with two zeroes.
Capital city postcodes were the lowest postcodes in their state or territory range, before new ranges for LVRs and PO Boxes were made available. The last number can be changed from "0" to "1" to get the postcode for General Post Office boxes in any capital city: While the first number of a postcode shows the state or territory, the second number shows a region within the state. However, postcodes with the same second number are not always next to each other; as an example, postcodes in the range 2200–2299 are split between the southern suburbs of Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales. Postcodes with a second number of "0" or "1" are always located within the metropolitan area of the state's capital city. Postcodes with higher secon
Casuarina Square, the largest shopping centre in the Northern Territory, is located in Casuarina in Darwin's northern suburbs. The shopping centre is built to the building code for Tropical Cyclones, due to cyclones that sweep through the area such as Cyclone Tracy in 1974. Casuarina Square was built in 1973, the shopping centre contains over 180 businesses including two supermarkets, the discount department – stores, a 7-screen BCC Cinemas; the GPT Group owns and manages the shopping centre and since building the centre, it has undergone four major redevelopments. The most recent was a three-stage redevelopment, completed in December 1998 adding 63 specialty stores and the 7-screen BCC Cinemas. Since the average number of visits per week is greater than twice the population of Darwin. Casuarina Square is accessible from Trower Road and by the bus routes of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 21; the shopping centre is located 14 km north of Darwin city centre. The shopping centre has over 2,400 parking spaces including undercover parking.
Access to the car parks is from Dripstone Road and Bradshaw Terrace. List of shopping centres in Australia Public transport in Darwin Media related to Casuarina Square at Wikimedia Commons Casuarina Square homepage
Bayview, Northern Territory
Bayview is an upper middle class inner city suburb of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. It is bounded by the bay area and the Charles Darwin National Park, it is in the local government area of the City of Darwin. Bayview is a shortened version of the estate name "Bayview Haven", it is believed to have been named. The suburb of Bayview is one of Darwins upmarket suburbs with house prices ranging from $600,000 to $1,500,000. Darwin map Bayview: Suburb Profile