Timeline of the American Revolution
The American Revolution includes political and military aspects. The Revolutionary era is considered to have begun with the passage of the Stamp Act in 1765. The military phase of the Revolution, the American Revolutionary War,1760 Pierre de Rigaud, Governor of New France, capitulates to Field Marshal Jeffrey Amherst. This ends most fighting in North America between France and Great Britain in the French and Indian War, Amherst becomes the First British Governor-General of territories that would become Canada plus lands west of the American Colonies. King George II of Great Britain dies and is succeeded by his grandson George III,1761 New England Planters immigrate to Nova Scotia, Canada to take up lands left vacant after the Expulsion of the Acadians. 1763 The Treaty of Paris formally ends the French and Indian War, France cedes most of its territories in North America to Great Britain, but Louisiana west of the Mississippi River is ceded to Spain. Previously allied with France, Native American tribes in the Great Lakes region resist the policies of the British under Amherst, pontiacs Rebellion begins, lasting until 1766.
King Georges Royal Proclamation of 1763 establishes administration in territories ceded by France. To prevent further violence between settlers and Native Americans, the Proclamation sets a boundary on the American colonies. 1764 The Sugar Act, intended to raise revenues, and the Currency Act and these Acts, coming during the economic slump that followed the French and Indian War, are resented by the colonists and lead to protests. 1765 To help defray the cost of keeping troops in America, Parliament enacts the Stamp Act, seen as a violation of rights, the Act sparks violent demonstrations in several Colonies. Virginias House of Burgesses adopts the Virginia Resolves claiming that, under British law, delegates from nine colonies attend the Stamp Act Congress which adopts a Declaration of Rights and Grievances and petitions Parliament and the king to repeal the Act. Parliament enacts the Quartering Act, requiring the Colonies to provide housing, the act is resisted or circumvented in most of the colonies.
In 1767 and again in 1769, Parliament suspended the governor,1766 The British Parliament repeals the unpopular Stamp Act of the previous year, but, in the simultaneous Declaratory Act, asserts its full power and authority to make laws and statutes. To bind the colonies and people of America, Liberty Pole erected in New York City commons in celebration of the Stamp Act repeal. 1768 In April, Britains Secretary of State for the Colonies, Lord Hillsborough, Hillsborough orders the governor of Massachusetts to dissolve the general court if the Massachusetts assembly does not revoke the letter. By months end, the assemblies of New Hampshire, Connecticut, in May, a British warship armed with 50 cannons sails into Boston harbor after a call for help from custom commissioners who are constantly being harassed by Boston agitators. In June, an official is locked up in the cabin of the Liberty
A timeline is a way of displaying a list of events in chronological order, sometimes described as a project artifact. Timelines can use any time scale, depending on the subject, most timelines use a linear scale, where a unit of distance is equal to a set amount of time. This time scale is dependent on the events in the timeline, a timeline of evolution can be over millions of years, whereas a timeline for the day of the September 11 attacks can take place over minutes. While most timelines use a linear timescale, for large or small timespans. Historically, timelines were static images, and generally drawn or printed on paper, timelines relied heavily on graphic design, and the ability of the artist to visualize the data. Timelines, no longer constrained by space and functional limitations, are now digital and interactive. ChronoZoom is an example of computer aided interactive timeline software, timelines are often used in education to help students and researchers with understanding the order or chronology of historical events and trends for a subject.
When showing time on a scale on an axis, a timeline can be used to visualize time lapses between events and the simultaneity or overlap of spans and events. Timelines are particularly useful for studying history, as they convey a sense of change over time and social movements are often shown as timelines. Timelines are useful for biographies, in these cases, timelines are used to help team members to know what milestones need to be achieved and under what time schedule. For example, in the case of establishing a timeline in the implementation phase of the life cycle of a computer system. British Library interactive timeline Port Royal des Champs museum timeline
History of the United States
The date of the start of the history of the United States is a subject of debate among historians. In recent decades American schools and universities typically have shifted back in time to more on the colonial period. Indigenous people lived in what is now the United States for thousands of years before European colonists began to arrive, mostly from England, the Spanish built small settlements in Florida and the Southwest, and the French along the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast. By the 1770s, thirteen British colonies contained two and a million people along the Atlantic coast east of the Appalachian Mountains. After the end of the French and Indian Wars in the 1760s, Tax resistance, especially the Boston Tea Party, led to punitive laws by Parliament designed to end self-government in Massachusetts. American Patriots adhered to an ideology called republicanism that emphasized civic duty, virtue. Armed conflict began in 1775 as Patriots drove the royal officials out of every colony and assembled in mass meetings, in 1776, the Second Continental Congress declared that there was a new, independent nation, the United States of America, not just a collection of disparate colonies.
With large-scale military and financial support from France and the leadership of General George Washington. The peace treaty of 1783 gave the new nation the land east of the Mississippi River, the central government established by the Articles of Confederation proved ineffectual at providing stability, as it had no authority to collect taxes and had no executive officer. Congress called a convention to meet secretly in Philadelphia in 1787 and it wrote a new Constitution, which was adopted in 1789. In 1791, a Bill of Rights was added to guarantee inalienable rights, with Washington as the first president and Alexander Hamilton his chief political and financial adviser, a strong central government was created. When Thomas Jefferson became president he purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, a second and final war with Britain was fought in 1812. Encouraged by the notion of Manifest Destiny, federal territory expanded all the way to the Pacific, the U. S. always was large in terms of area, but its population was small, only 4 million in 1790.
Population growth was rapid, reaching 7.2 million in 1810,32 million in 1860,76 million in 1900,132 million in 1940, Economic growth in terms of overall GDP was even faster. However, compared to European powers, the military strength was relatively limited in peacetime before 1940. The expansion was driven by a quest for land for yeoman farmers. The expansion of slavery was increasingly controversial and fueled political and constitutional battles, the 1860 presidential election of Republican Abraham Lincoln was on a platform of ending the expansion of slavery and putting it on a path to extinction. Seven cotton-based deep South slave states seceded and founded the Confederacy months before Lincolns inauguration, No nation ever recognized the Confederacy, but it opened the war by attacking Fort Sumter in 1861
Timeline of the American Old West
This timeline of the American Old West is a chronologically ordered list of events significant to the development of the American West as a region of the United States prior to 1912. The term American Old West refers to a vast geographical area and lengthy period of imprecise boundaries. A small section summarizing early exploration and settlement prior to 1803 is included to provide a foundation for developments, events significant to the history of the West but which occurred within the modern boundaries of Canada and Mexico are included as well. Western North America was inhabited for millennia by various groups of Native Americans, british and Russian claims followed in the 18th and 19th centuries. After the American Revolution, the newly independent United States began securing its own frontier from the Appalachian Mountains westward for settlement and it is a tale of conquest, but one of survival and the merging of peoples and cultures. The early years were a period of exploration and survey.
The West Film Project, WETA-TV,2001