Timeline of United States history (1950–1969)
This section of the Timeline of United States history concerns events from 1950 to 1969. 1950 – Senator Joseph McCarthy gains power, McCarthyism begins 1950 – McCarran Internal Security Act 1950 – Korean War begins 1950 – The comic strip Peanuts, by Charles M. Schulz, is first published 1950 – NBC airs Broadway Open House a late-night comedy, talk show through 1951. Hosted by Morey Amsterdam and Jerry Lester and Dagmar, it serves as the prototype for The Tonight Show 1950 – Failed assassination attempt by two Puerto Rican nationals on President Harry S. Truman while the President was living at Blair House. 1951 – 22nd Amendment, establishing term limits for President. 1951 – Mutual Security Act 1951 – General Douglas MacArthur fired by President Truman for comments about using nuclear weapons on China 1951 – The first live transcontinental television broadcast takes place in San Francisco, California from the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference. One month the situation comedy I Love Lucy premieres on CBS, sparking the rise of television in the American home and the Golden Age of Television.
1951 – See It Now, an American newsmagazine and documentary series broadcast by CBS from 1951 to 1958. It was created by Fred W. Friendly, Murrow being the host of the show. 1951 – The Catcher in the Rye is published by J. D. Salinger and invigorates the rebellious youth of the period earning the title of a Classic with its profound impact. 1952 – The debut of the Today show on NBC hosted by Dave Garroway is the fourth longest running talk show on television. 1952 – ANZUS Treaty enters into force 1952 – Immigration and Nationality Act 1952 – United States presidential election, 1952: Dwight D. Eisenhower elected president, Richard Nixon elected vice president 1953 – Eisenhower becomes the 34th President and Nixon Vice President 1953 – Rosenbergs executed 1953 – Korean Armistice Agreement 1953 – Shah of Iran returns to power in CIA-orchestrated coup known as Operation Ajax 1954 – The Tournament of Roses Parade becomes the first event nationally televised in color 1954 - Detonation of "Bravo", a 15 megaton Hydrogen bomb on Bikini Atoll.
1,000 times more powerful than the Hiroshima and Nagasaki weapons, it vapourised three islands, displaced the islanders and caused long lasting contamination. 1954 – Joseph McCarthy discredited in Army-McCarthy hearings 1954 – The CIA overthrows Guatemala's president Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán 1954 – Saint Lawrence Seaway Act, permitting the construction of the system of locks and channels that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the North American Great Lakes, is approved 1954 – Brown v. Board of Education, a landmark decision of the Supreme Court, declares state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students and denying black children equal educational opportunities unconstitutional 1954 – The U. S. becomes a member of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization alliance 1954 – Geneva Conference. U. S. rejects the French decision to recognize Communist control of North Vietnam. U. S. increases aid to South Vietnam. 1954 – The People's Republic of China lays siege on Quemoy and Matsu Islands.
Will keep the Senate until 1981 and the House until 1994. 1955 – Ray Kroc opens a McDonald's fast food restaurant and, after purchasing the franchise from its original owners, oversees its national expansion 1955 – Rosa Parks remains seated on a bus, the incident which evolves into the Montgomery bus boycott 1955 – AFL and CIO merge in America's largest labor union federation 1955 – Warsaw Pact, which establishes a mutual defense treaty subscribed to by eight communist states in Eastern Europe 1955 – Disneyland opens at Anaheim, California 1955 – Jonas Salk develops polio vaccine 1955 – Rock and roll music enters the mainstream, with "Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley & His Comets becoming the first record to top the Billboard pop charts. Elvis Presley begins his rise to fame around this same time. 1955 – Actor James Dean is killed in a highway accident 1956 – President Eisenhower secures passages of Interstate Highway Act, which will construct 41,000 miles of the Interstate Highway System over a 20-year period 1956 – The U.
S. refuses to provide military support the Hungarian Revolution 1956 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time. 1956 – Marilyn Monroe marries playwright Arthur Miller. 1956 – Jackson Pollock dies in a car crash 1956 – United States presidential election, 1956: Dwight D. Eisenhower is reelected president, Richard Nixon reelected vice president 1956 – "In God We Trust" adopted as national motto 1957 – President Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon begin second terms 1957 – Eisenhower Doctrine, wherein a country could request American economic assistance and/or aid from military forces if it was being threatened by armed aggression from another state 1957 – Civil Rights Act of 1957 a voting rights bill, becomes the first civil rights legislation enacted by Congress since Reconstruction 1957 – Soviets launch Sputnik. S. goes into service 1957 – Little Rock, Arkansas school desegregation 1958 – National Defense Education Act 1958 – NASA formed as the U. S. begins ramping up efforts
Timeline of United States history (1930–1949)
This section of the Timeline of United States history concerns events from 1930 to 1949. 1930 – The Motion Picture Production Code becomes set of industry censorship guidelines governing production of the vast majority of United States motion pictures released by major studios. Will keep it until 1946. 1931 – Empire State Building opens in New York. 1931 – Japanese invasion of Manchuria, start of World War II in the Pacific. 1931 – The Whitney Museum of American Art opens to the public in New York City. 1932 – Stimson Doctrine 1932 – Norris-La Guardia Act 1932 – Hans Hofmann – influential artist and teacher emigrated to the United States from Germany. 1932 – Bonus Army marches on DC 1932 – Reconstruction Finance Corporation 1932 – Ford introduces the Model B, the first low-priced car to have a V-8 engine 1932 – U. S. presidential election, 1932: Franklin D. Roosevelt elected president, John N. Garner elected vice president 1933 - Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak killed during a failed assassination attempt on President-elect Roosevelt.
1933 – 20th Amendment, establishing the beginning and ending of the terms of the elected federal offices on January 20. 1933 – Roosevelt becomes the 32nd President and Garner Vice President. They are the last president and vice president to be inaugurated on March 4. 1933 – President Roosevelt establishes the New Deal, a response to the Great Depression, focusing on what historians call the "3 Rs": relief and reform 1933 – Sweeping new programs proposed under President Roosevelt take effect: the Agricultural Adjustment Act, Civil Works Administration, Civilian Conservation Corps, Farm Credit Administration the Home Owners Loan Corporation, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Public Works Administration, the National Industrial Recovery Act 1933 – Giuseppe Zangara assassinates Chicago mayor Anton Cermak. 1933 – Frances Perkins appointed United States Secretary of Labor 1933 – 21st Amendment, ending Prohibition 1934 – Glass–Steagall Act 1934 – U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission established 1934 – Dust Bowl begins, causing major ecological and agricultural damage to the Great Plains states.
1934 – Federal Housing Administration 1934 – Johnson Act 1934 – Philippine Commonwealth established 1934 – Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act 1934 – Tydings–McDuffie Act 1934 – John Dillinger killed 1934 – Indian Reorganization Act 1934 – Share the Wealth society founded by Huey Long 1935 – Works Progress Administration 1935 – The F. B. I. is established with J. Edgar Hoover as its first director. 1935 – Neutrality Act 1935 – Motor Carrier Act 1935 – Social Security Act 1935 – Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States 1935 – National Labor Relations Act 1935 – Huey Long assassinated 1935 – Congress of Industrial Organizations formed 1935 – Alcoholics Anonymous founded 1935 – Revenue Act of 1935 1936 – Robinson-Patman Act 1936 – Life magazine publishes first issue 1936 – United States v. Butler, which ruled that the processing taxes instituted under the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act were unconstitutional 1936 – Second London Naval Treaty 1936 – U. S. presidential election, 1936: Franklin D. Roosevelt reelected president, John N. Garner reelected vice president 1937 – Look magazine publishes first issue 1937 – Neutrality Acts 1937 – President Roosevelt and Vice President Garner begin second terms 1937 – Hindenburg disaster, killing 35 people and marking an end to airship travel 1937 – Panay incident, a Japanese attack on the United States Navy gunboat USS Panay while anchored in the Yangtze River outside of Nanjing 1937 – Golden Gate Bridge completed in San Francisco 1938 – Wheeler-Lea Act 1938 – Fair Labor Standards Act 1938 – Orson Welles' The War of the Worlds broadcast 1939 – Hatch Act, aimed at corrupt political practices and prevented federal civil servants from campaigning 1939 – Nazi Germany invades Poland.
Semi-regular broadcasts air during the next two years 1940 – Selective Service Act, establishing the first peacetime draft in U. S. history 1940 – Alien Registration Act 1940 – Oldsmobile becomes the first car maker to offer a automatic transmission 1940 – Bugs Bunny and Jerry make their cartoon debuts 1940 – Billboard magazine publishes its first music popularity chart, the predecessor to today's Hot 100 1940 – U. S. presidential election, 1940: Franklin D. Roosevelt is reelected president to a record third term, Henry A. Wallace is elected vice president 1941 – Regular commercial television broadcasting begins. 1941 – President Roosevelt begins third term. S. enters World War II by declaring war on Japan the next day on December 8. 1941 – Atlantic Charter, drafted by the UK and U. S. to serve as the blueprint for the postwar world after World War II 1942 – Japanese American internment begins, per executive order by President Roosevelt. 1942–1945 – Automobile production in the United States for private consumers halted.
1942 – Casablanca released 1942 – Office of Price Administration 1942 – Cocoanut Grove fi
Timeline of the American Old West
This timeline of the American Old West is a chronologically ordered list of events significant to the development of the American West as a region of the United States prior to 1912. The term "American Old West" refers to a vast geographical area and lengthy time period of imprecise boundaries, historians' definitions vary; the events in this timeline occurred in the portion of the modern continental United States west of the Mississippi River, in the period between the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and the admission of the last continental states into the Union in 1912. A brief section summarizing early exploration and settlement prior to 1803 is included to provide a foundation for developments. Events significant to the history of the West but which occurred within the modern boundaries of Canada and Mexico are included as well. Western North America was inhabited for millennia by various groups of Native Americans and served as a frontier to European powers, beginning with Spanish colonization in the 16th century.
British and Russian claims followed in the 18th and 19th centuries. After the American Revolution, the newly independent United States began securing its own frontier from the Appalachian Mountains westward for settlement and economic investment by American citizens; the long history of American expansion into these lands has played a central role in shaping American culture and the modern national identity, remains a popular topic for study by scholars and historians. Events listed below are notable developments for the region as a whole, not just for a particular state or smaller subdivision of the region, it is a tale of conquest, but one of survival and the merging of peoples and cultures." For three centuries after Columbus' voyages to the New World, much of western North America remained unsettled by European colonists, despite various territorial claims made by imperialist nations. European interest in the vast territory was motivated by the search for precious metals gold, the fur trade, with miners and hunters among the first people of European descent to permanently settle in the West.
The early years were a period of scientific exploration and survey, such that by 1830 the rough outline of the western half of the continent had been mapped to the Pacific Ocean. Historic regions of the United States Territorial evolution of the United States List of Old West gunfights Western United States Mountain States Northwestern United States Southwestern United States Pacific States Great Plains Rocky Mountains Great Basin Sierra Nevada Cascade Range New Perspectives On The West; the West Film Project, WETA-TV, 2001
Timeline of United States history (1860–1899)
This section of the Timeline of United States history concerns events from 1860 to 1899. April 3, 1860 – Pony Express begins. November 6 – United States presidential election, 1860: Abraham Lincoln elected president and Hannibal Hamlin vice president with only 39% of the vote in a four man race. December 18 – Crittenden Compromise fails. December 20 – President Buchanan fires his cabinet. December 30 – South Carolina secedes from the Union January 9, 1861 - Secessionist forces in South Carolina fire at the USS Star of the West, forcing it to withdraw. January 9 - Mississippi secedes from the Union January 10 - Florida secedes from the Union January 11 - Alabama secedes from the Union January 19 Georgia, secedes from the Union January 26 - Louisiana secedes from the Union February 1 - Texas secedes from the Union February 4 – Secessionist states establish the Confederate States of America February 18 – Jefferson Davis elected Provisional President of the Confederacy March 2 - The Corwin amendment enshrining slavery forever, is passed by congress.
It is not ratified. 1861 – Lincoln becomes the 16th President. 1862 – Battle of Hampton Roads 1862 – Homestead Act 1862 – Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act 1862 – Gen. Robert E. Lee placed in command of the Army of Northern Virginia 1862 – Second Battle of Bull Run 1862 – Battle of Antietam 1862 – Dakota War of 1862 begins 1862–1863 – Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation 1863 – Battle of Gettysburg 1863 – The Siege of Vicksburg ends 1863 – New York City draft riots 1863 – Pro-Union Virginia counties become separate state of West Virginia 1864 – Gen. Ulysses S. Grant put in command of all Union forces 1864 – Wade–Davis Bill 1864 – Sand Creek massacre 1864 – Nevada becomes a state 1864 – U. S. presidential election, 1864. 1864 – Sherman's March to the Sea 1865 – Robert E. Lee made commander-in-chief of all Confederate forces 1865 – President Lincoln begins second term. 1868 – Fourteenth Amendment is ratified. S. presidential election, 1872: Ulysses S. Grant reelected president, he held eights, now known as the Dead man's hand.
1876 – U. S. presidential election, 1876 elects Samuel J. Tilden President and Thomas A. Hendricks vice president, but results are disputed with 20 Electoral College votes in doubt. 1877 – The Electoral Commission awards Rutherford B. Hayes the presidency and William A. Wheeler the vice presidency in return for ending the military occupation of the South. 1877 – After only two days as president-elect, Hayes becomes the 19th President and Wheeler Vice President 1877 – Reconstruction ends 1877 – Nez Perce War 1878 – Bland–Allison Act 1878 – Morgan silver dollars first minted 1879 – Thomas Edison creates first commercially viable light bulb 1879 – Knights of Labor go public 1880 – University of Southern California founded 1880 – U. S. population exceeds 50 million 1880 – U. S. presidential election, 1880: James A. Garfield elected president and Chester A. Arthur vice president, their popular margin is less than 2,000 votes. 1881 – Garfield becomes the 20th President 1881 – President Garfield is shot by a deranged gunman.
1881 – President Garfield dies after 99 days, Vice President Arthur becomes the 21st President 1881 – The Gunfight at the O. K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona Territory 1881 – Clara Barton creates the American Red Cross 1881 – Tuskegee Institute founded 1881 – Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Ga
A timeline is a display of a list of events in chronological order. It is a graphic design showing a long bar labelled with dates paralleling it, contemporaneous events. Timelines can use any suitable scale representing time, suiting data; this timescale is dependent on the events in the timeline. A timeline of evolution can be over millions of years, whereas a timeline for the day of the September 11 attacks can take place over minutes, that of an explosion over milliseconds. While many timelines use a linear timescale -- where large or small timespans are relevant -- logarithmic timelines entail a logarithmic scale of time. There are different types of timelines Text timelines, labeled as text Number timelines, the labels are numbers line graphs Interactive, zoomableThere are many methods of visualizations for timelines. Timelines were static images and drawn or printed on paper. Timelines relied on graphic design, the ability of the artist to visualize the data. Timelines, no longer constrained by previous space and functional limitations, are now digital and interactive created with computer software.
ChronoZoom is an example of computer-aided interactive timeline software. Timelines are used in education to help students and researchers with understanding the order or chronology of historical events and trends for a subject; when showing time on a specific scale on an axis, a timeline can be used to visualize time lapses between events and the simultaneity or overlap of spans and events. Timelines are useful for studying history, as they convey a sense of change over time. Wars and social movements are shown as timelines. Timelines are useful for biographies. Examples include: Timeline of the civil rights movement Timeline of European exploration Timeline of imperialism Timeline of Solar System exploration Timeline of United States history Timeline of World War I Timeline of religion Timelines are used in the natural world and sciences, for subjects such as astronomy and geology: 2009 flu pandemic timeline Chronology of the universe Geologic time scale Timeline of evolutionary history of life Another type of timeline is used for project management.
In these cases, timelines are used to help team members to know what milestones need to be achieved and under what time schedule. For example, in the case of establishing a project timeline in the implementation phase of the life cycle of a computer system. British Library interactive timeline Port Royal des Champs museum timeline
History of the United States
The history of the United States, a country in North America began with the settlement of Indigenous people before 15,000 BC. Numerous cultures formed; the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the year of 1492 started the European colonization of the Americas. Most colonies formed after 1600. By the 1760s, thirteen British colonies contained 2.5 million people along the Atlantic coast east of the Appalachian Mountains. After defeating France, the British government imposed a series of new taxes after 1765, rejecting the colonists' argument that new taxes needed their approval. Tax resistance the Boston Tea Party, led to punitive laws by Parliament designed to end self-government in Massachusetts. Armed conflict began in 1775. In 1776 in Philadelphia, the Second Continental Congress declared the independence of the colonies as the United States of America. Led by General George Washington, it won the Revolutionary War with large support from France; the peace treaty of 1783 gave the new nation the land east of the Mississippi River.
The Articles of Confederation established a central government, but it was ineffectual at providing stability, as it could not collect taxes and had no executive officer. A convention in 1787 wrote a new Constitution, adopted in 1789. In 1791, a Bill of Rights was added to guarantee inalienable rights. With Washington as the first president and Alexander Hamilton his chief adviser, a strong central government was created. Purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803 doubled the size of the United States. A second and final war with Britain was fought in 1812. Encouraged by the notion of manifest destiny, U. S. territory expanded all the way to the Pacific coast. While the United States was large in terms of area, its population in 1790 was only 4 million. However, it grew reaching 7.2 million in 1810, 32 million in 1860, 76 million in 1900, 132 million in 1940, 321 million in 2015. Economic growth in terms of overall GDP was greater; however compared to European powers, the nation's military strength was limited in peacetime before 1940.
The expansion was driven by a quest for inexpensive land for yeoman farmers and slave owners. The expansion of slavery was controversial and fueled political and constitutional battles, which were resolved by compromises. Slavery was abolished in all states north of the Mason–Dixon line by 1804, but the South continued to profit from the institution from production of cotton. Republican Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1860 on a platform of halting the expansion of slavery. Seven Southern slave states created the foundation of the Confederacy, its attack of Fort Sumter against the Union forces started the Civil War. Confederate defeat led to the abolition of slavery. In the Reconstruction Era and voting rights were extended to freed slaves; the national government emerged much stronger, because of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868, it gained the explicit duty to protect individual rights. However, when white Democrats regained their power in the South in 1877 by paramilitary suppression of voting, they passed Jim Crow laws to maintain white supremacy, new disfranchising constitutions that prevented most African Americans and many poor whites from voting.
This continued until gains of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s and passage of federal legislation to enforce constitutional rights were made. The United States became the world's leading industrial power at the turn of the 20th century due to an outburst of entrepreneurship in the Northeast and Midwest and the arrival of millions of immigrant workers and farmers from Europe; the national railroad network was completed and large-scale mining and factories industrialized the Northeast and Midwest. Mass dissatisfaction with corruption and traditional politics stimulated the Progressive movement, from the 1890s to 1920s, which led to many reforms including the 16th to 19th constitutional amendments, which brought the federal income tax, direct election of Senators and women's suffrage. Neutral during World War I, the United States declared war on Germany in 1917 and funded the Allied victory the following year. Women obtained the right to vote in 1920, with Native Americans obtaining citizenship and the right to vote in 1924.
After a prosperous decade in the 1920s, the Wall Street Crash of 1929 marked the onset of the decade-long worldwide Great Depression. Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt ended the Republican dominance of the White House and implemented his New Deal programs, which included relief for the unemployed, support for farmers, Social Security and a minimum wage; the New Deal defined modern American liberalism. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the United States entered World War II and financed the Allied war effort and helped defeat Nazi Germany in the European theater, its involvement culminated in using newly invented nuclear weapons on two Japanese cities to defeat Imperial Japan in the Pacific theater. The United States and the Soviet Union emerged as rival superpowers in the aftermath of World War II. During the Cold War, the two countries confronted each other indirectly in the arms race, the Space Race, proxy wars, propaganda campaigns; the purpose of this was to stop the spread of communism.
In the 1960s, in large part due to the strength of the Civil Rights Movement, another wave of social reforms was enacted by enforcing the constitutional rights of voting and freedom of movement to African-Americans and other racial minorities. The Cold War ended when the Soviet Union was dissolved in 1991, leaving the United States
Timeline of the American Revolution
Timeline of the American Revolution — timeline of the political upheaval in the 18th century in which Thirteen Colonies in North America joined together for independence from the British Empire, after victory in the Revolutionary War combined to form the United States of America. The American Revolution includes political and military aspects; the revolutionary era is considered to have begun with the passage of the Stamp Act in 1765 and ended with the ratification of the United States Bill of Rights in 1791. The military phase of the revolution, the American Revolutionary War, lasted from 1775 to 1783. Pierre de Rigaud, Governor of New France, capitulates to Field Marshal Jeffrey Amherst; this ends most fighting in North America between France and Great Britain in the French and Indian War. Amherst becomes the First British Governor-General of territories that would become Canada plus lands west of the American Colonies. King George II of Great Britain dies and is succeeded by his grandson George III.
New England Planters immigrate to Nova Scotia, Canada to take up lands left vacant after the Expulsion of the Acadians. The Treaty of Paris formally ends the Indian War. France cedes most of its territories in North America to Great Britain, but Louisiana west of the Mississippi River is ceded to Spain. Allied with France, Native American tribes in the Great Lakes region resist the policies of the British under Amherst. Pontiac's Rebellion begins, lasting until 1766. King George's Royal Proclamation of 1763 establishes administration in territories newly ceded by France. To prevent further violence between settlers and Native Americans, the Proclamation sets a western boundary on the American colonies; the Navigation Acts are re-enforced by George Grenville as a part of his attempt to reassert unified economic control over the British Empire following the Seven Years' War. The Sugar Act, intended to raise revenues, the Currency Act, prohibiting the colonies from issuing paper money, are passed by Parliament.
These Acts, coming during the economic slump that followed the French and Indian War, are resented by the colonists and lead to protests. To help defray the cost of keeping troops in America, Parliament enacts the Stamp Act, imposing a tax on many types of printed materials used in the colonies. Seen as a violation of rights, the Act sparks violent demonstrations in several Colonies. Virginia's House of Burgesses adopts the Virginia Resolves claiming that, under British law, Virginians could be taxed only by an assembly to which they had elected representatives. Delegates from nine colonies attend the Stamp Act Congress which adopts a Declaration of Rights and Grievances and petitions Parliament and the king to repeal the Act. Parliament enacts the Quartering Act, requiring the Colonies to provide housing and other provisions to British troops; the act is circumvented in most of the colonies. In 1767 and again in 1769, Parliament suspended the governor and legislature of New York for failure to comply.
The British Parliament repeals the unpopular Stamp Act of the previous year, but, in the simultaneous Declaratory Act, asserts its "full power and authority to make laws and statutes... to bind the colonies and people of America... in all cases whatsoever". Liberty Pole erected in New York City commons in celebration of the Stamp Act repeal. An intermittent skirmish with the British garrison over the removal of this and other poles, their replacement by the Sons of Liberty, rages until the Province of New York is under the control of the revolutionary New York Provincial Congress in 1775 The Townshend Acts, named for Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend, are passed by Parliament, placing duties on many items imported into America. In April, Britain's Secretary of State for the Colonies, Lord Hillsborough, orders colonial governors to stop their own assemblies from endorsing Adams' circular letter. Hillsborough orders the governor of Massachusetts to dissolve the general court if the Massachusetts assembly does not revoke the letter.
By month's end, the assemblies of New Hampshire and New Jersey have endorsed the letter. In May, a British warship armed with 50 cannon sails into Boston harbor after a call for help from custom commissioners who are being harassed by Boston agitators. In June, a customs official is locked up in the cabin of a sloop owned by John Hancock. Imported wine is unloaded illegally into Boston without payment of duties. Following this incident, customs officials seize Hancock's sloop. After threats of violence from Bostonians, the customs officials escape to an island off Boston request the intervention of British troops. In July, the governor of Massachusetts dissolves the general court after the legislature defies his order to revoke Adams' circular letter. In August, in Boston and New York, merchants agree to boycott most British goods until the Townshend Acts are repealed. In September, at a town meeting in Boston, residents are urged to arm themselves. In September, English warships sail into Boston Harbor two regiments of English infantry land in Boston and set up permanent residence to keep order.
To the Betrayed Inhabitants of the City and Colony of New York broadside published by the local Sons of Liberty Golden Hill incident in which British troops wound civilians, including one death Lord North becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain Boston Massacre Battle of Alamance in North Carolina Samuel Adams organizes the Committees of Correspondence Gaspee Affair