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Pages in category "1107 deaths"
The following 20 pages are in this category, out of 20 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1107 deaths.|
The following 20 pages are in this category, out of 20 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Mi Fu – Mi Fu was a Chinese painter, poet, and calligrapher born in Taiyuan during the Song Dynasty. In painting he gained renown for his style of painting misty landscapes and this style would be deemed the Mi Fu style and involved the use of large wet dots of ink applied with a flat brush. His poetry followed the style of Li Bai and his calligraphy that of Wang Xizhi and his uninhibited style made him disliked at the Song court. He is best known for his calligraphy, and he was regarded as one of the four greatest calligraphers of the Song Dynasty and his style arises from that of calligraphers in earlier dynasties, but with a unique mark of his own. As a personality Mi Fu was noted as an eccentric, at times they even deemed him Madman Mi because he was obsessed with collecting stones and even declared one stone to be his brother. Hence he would bow to his brother rock in a display of the devotion given to older brothers. He also was known as a heavy drinker and his son, Mi Youren, would also be a famous painter in his fathers artistic style. Unlike his father Mi Youren lived to be elderly, dying at the age of 79. According to tradition, he was a smart boy with a great interest in arts and letters. At the age of six he could learn a hundred poems a day and after going over them again, he could recite them all. His mother was employed as a midwife and afterwards as a wet-nurse to look after and feed the Emperor Shenzong who was to start his reign in 1051 and these frequent changes of official position were caused by Mi Fus sharp tongue and open criticism of official ways and means. He is said to have been a capable official, but unwilling to submit to conventional rules. Mi Fu was very peculiar in his manners and the way he dressed, wherever he went, he attracted a crowd. He was also fond of cleanliness. He used to have water standing at his side when working because he washed his face very often and he would never wash in a vessel that had been used by someone else or put on clothes that had been worn by another person. Mi Fus passion was collecting old writings and paintings, as his family wealth was gradually lost on relatives, he continued to collect and made every possible sacrifice to get the samples he wanted. Gradually his collection became a big treasury and his house a meeting place for the greatest scholars of the time. Some of the calligraphies of his collection he inherited but others acquired and he also exchanged the less good for better
2. Robert Fitzhamon – He became Lord of Glamorgan in 1075. Not much is known about his life, or his precise relationship to William I of England. Robert FitzHamon was, as the prefix Fitz suggests, the son of Hamo Dapifer the Sheriff of Kent and grandson of Hamon Dentatus. His grandfather held the lordships of Torigny, Creully, Mézy, and Evrecy in Normandy, but following his death at the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes in 1047, few details of Roberts career prior to 1087 are available. Robert probably did not fight at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 and he first comes to prominence in surviving records as a supporter of King William Rufus during the Rebellion of 1088. After the revolt was defeated he was granted as a reward by King William Rufus the feudal barony of Gloucester consisting of two hundred manors in Gloucestershire and other counties. They had been destined as the inheritance of Rufuss younger brother Henry, the chronology of Fitzhamons conquest of Glamorgan is uncertain, but it probably took place in the decades after he received the feudal barony of Gloucester. Fitzhamon defeated the prince of South Wales Rhys ap Tewdwr in battle in 1090, iestyn did not profit long by his involvement with the Normans. He was soon defeated and his lands taken in 1091, whether there is any truth in the legend or not Robert Fitzhamon seems to have seized control of the lowlands of Glamorgan and Gwynllwg sometime from around 1089 to 1094. His key strongholds were Cardiff Castle, which already may have built, on the site of an old Roman fort, new castles at Newport. His descendants would inherit these castles and lands and he also refounded Tewkesbury Abbey in 1092. The abbeys dimensions are almost the same as Westminster Abbey, the first abbot was Giraldus, Abbot of Cranborne who died before the abbey was consecrated in October 1121. The abbey was built under the influence of his wife Sybil de Montgomery. Said to be a beautiful and religious woman like her sisters, legend has it that Robert had ominous dreams in the days before Rufus fatal hunting expedition, which postponed but did not prevent the outing. He was one of the first to gather in tears around Rufus corpse, how much of these stories are the invention of later days is unknown. In any case Fitzhamon proved as loyal to Henry I as he had been to his predecessor and he was one of the three barons who negotiated the 1101 truce between Henry I and Robert Curthose. In 1105 he went to Normandy and was captured while fighting near his estates near Bayeux. This was one of the reasons Henry crossed the channel with a substantial force later that year, Fitzhamon was freed, and joined Henrys campaign, which proceeded to besiege Falaise
3. Richard de Redvers – He was once thought to have been created the first Earl of Devon, but this theory is now discounted in favour of his son Baldwin. Little is known for certain of the Redvers family before Richard, in his Baronage of England, William Dugdale wrongly identified Richard de Redvers with Richard the son of Baldwin FitzGilbert who was sheriff of Devon under William the Conqueror. This error was still being repeated in the late 19th century, similarly nothing is known of Richards early life. The Norman poet Wace, writing c.1170, mentions a sire de Reviers as one of those who accompanied William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings, the first clear references to Richard start to appear in the mid 1080s. In the Domesday Book he is recorded as holding one manor, mortestorne was held by Almer before 1066. It had arable land, a mill,30 acres of meadow, according to Wace, in 1089 de Redvers was in the service of Robert Curthose, but was allowed to join his younger brother Henrys retinue at Henrys request. William the Conqueror had bequeathed Normandy to his eldest son Robert, but Henry had bought parts of it from him—including the Cotentin where Néhou, the de Redvers principal possession, was located. Since de Redvers also owned land in the Vexin which was retained by Robert, Richards manor at Mosterton does not appear in the Redvers family records after about 1090 and it may therefore have been forfeited due to his support of Henry against William II. The manor passed to the Blount family which held it until the end of the 14th century, when William Rufus died suddenly in 1100 and Henry became king, Richard de Redvers quickly became one of his most trusted advisers. He witnessed more than 20 of Henrys charters & royal writs, in different places. After Richards death his loyalty was remarked upon by Anselm of Canterbury, in addition to these he still held his estates in Normandy in the Cotentin and Vexin and he had also acquired the manors of Crowell in Oxfordshire and Woolley in Berkshire on his marriage. After the grants from the king, Richards Devon estates probably consisted of around 180 Domesday manors, including Tiverton and Honiton, as well as the boroughs of Exeter, the honour of Christchurch consisted of many widely scattered manors in several counties. He held virtually all of the Isle of Wight, and the island remained in his family until King Edward I bought it from a dying Isabella de Fortibus in 1293. According to Robert Bearman, Richard de Redvers can confidently be rated among the twelve wealthiest barons of the time and it was probably in the kings interest to have the Isle of Wight under control of someone trustworthy as it was a prime target for further attack from abroad. Some early documents suggest that Richard de Redvers was created the first Earl of Devon by Henry I, despite this, for many years the discrepancies caused disagreement over the numbering of the Devon earls. However, since the early 20th century the matter appears to be settled, Richard had a sister, Adeliz, and may have had a brother named Hugh. Some time after 1086, possibly around 1094, he married Adeliza and they had five children, Baldwin de Redvers, created first Earl of Devon by Matilda during The Anarchy. William de Vernon, married Lucy de Tancarville, daughter of William de Tancarville, hadewise de Redvers, married William de Roumare, Earl of Lincoln, c.1127
4. Cheng Yi (philosopher) – Cheng Yi, courtesy name Zhengshu, also known as Mr. Yichuan, was a Chinese philosopher born in Luoyang during the Song Dynasty. He worked with his older brother Cheng Hao, like his brother, he was a student of Zhou Dunyi, a friend of Shao Yong, and a nephew of Zhang Zai. The five of them along with Sima Guang are called the Six Great Masters of the 11th century by Zhu Xi. Cheng entered the university in 1056. He lived and taught in Luoyang, and declined numerous appointments to high offices, in 1086, he was appointed expositor-in-waiting and gave many lectures to the emperor on Confucianism. He was more aggressive and obstinate than his brother, and made enemies, including Su Shi. In 1097, his enemies were able to ban his teachings, confiscate his properties and he was pardoned three years later, but was blacklisted and again his work was banned in 1103. He was finally pardoned in 1106, one year before his death, in 1452 the title Wujing Boshi was bestowed upon the descendants of Cheng Yi and other Confucian sages such as Mencius, Zengzi, Zhou Dunyi, and Zhu Xi. Cheng Yi. James D. Sellman, Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi, in Great Thinkers of the Eastern World, Ian McGreal, new York, Harper Collins,1995, p. 111-115
5. Edgar, King of Scotland – Edgar or Étgar mac Maíl Choluim, nicknamed Probus, the Valiant, was king of Scotland from 1097 to 1107. He was the son of Malcolm III and Margaret of Wessex. Edgar claimed the kingship in early 1095, following the murder of his half-brother Duncan II in late 1094 by Máel Petair of Mearns and his older brother Edmund sided with Donald, presumably in return for an appanage and acknowledgement as the heir of the ageing and son-less Donald. Rufus campaigned in northern England for much of 1095, and during this time Edgar gained control only of Lothian, a charter issued at Durham at this time names him. Son of Máel Coluim King of Scots, possessing the whole land of Lothian and the kingship of the Scots by the gift of my lord William, king of the English, and by paternal heritage. In any event, he did attend the court on occasion, on 29 May 1099, for example, Edgar served as sword-bearer at the great feast to inaugurate Westminster Hall. After William Rufuss death, however, Edgar ceased to appear at the English court, with Donald and Edmund removed, however, Edgar was uncontested king of Scots, and his reign incurred no major crisis. Compared with his rise to power, Edgars reign is obscure, one notable act was his gift of a camel, presumably a souvenir of the First Crusade, to his fellow Gael Muircheartach Ua Briain, High King of Ireland. In 1098, Edgar signed a treaty with Magnus Barefoot, King of Norway, by ceding claims to the Hebrides and Kintyre to Magnus, Edgar acknowledged the practical realities of the existing situation. Edgars religious foundations included a priory at Coldingham in 1098, associated with the Convent of Durham, at Dunfermline Abbey he sought support from Anselm of Canterbury with his mothers foundation from which the monks of Canterbury may have been expelled by Domnall Bán. Edgar died in Edinburgh on 8 January 1107 and was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, unmarried and childless, he acknowledged his brother Alexander as his successor. Edgars will also granted David an appanage in Cumbria, and perhaps also in parts of Lothian. David would later be known as Prince of the Cumbrians There is an account of his death. According to this account, Edgar was killed by his uncle Donald III and this account reports, On the death of Malcolm, king of the Scots, great divisions rose among them, in reference to the succession to the crown. Alexander, however, his brother, slew Donald, and ascended the throne, benjamin Hudson dismisses the story as completely false. But its existence points to the circulation of tales about the monarchs of the late 11th century. A son of the woman of the English, I think it is wretched, that his brother will kill him. The English woman is obviously Saint Margaret, the Anglo-Saxon consort of Malcolm III, but none of her children, male or female, are known to have been killed by one of their own siblings
6. Emperor Horikawa – Emperor Horikawa was the 73rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Horikawas reign spanned the years from 1087 through 1107, before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name was Taruhito-shinnō. He was also known as Yoshihito-tennō, Horikawa was the son of Emperor Shirakawa. His mother was Fujiwara no Kenshi, adopted daughter of Fujiwara Morozane, 1103–1156 Imperial Prince Munehito – note, raised by his father, Emperor Shirakawa after Munehitos mothers death 1103–1159 Kangyō – High Priest 1105–1162 Prince. – Buddhist Priest, head priest of Tendai sect Imperial Princess Kishi Imperial Princess and he became Crown Prince and became emperor on the same day that his father abdicated. His reign was overshadowed by the rule of former emperor Emperor Shirakawa. January 3,1087, In the 14th year of Emperor Shirakawa-tennō s reign, the emperor abdicated, shortly thereafter, Emperor Horikawa is said to have acceded to the throne. His fathers kampaku, Fujiwara Morozane became sesshō, but Shirakawa held actual power as cloistered Emperor, Horikawa filled his reign with scholarship, poetry, and music. When his empress-consort died, his son, Imperial Prince Munehito, who had become Crown Prince was taken to be raised by Horikawas father,1105, A red-colored snow fell over a large area in Japan. August 9,1107, Horikawa died at the age of 29, Horikawa died at age 29 in Kajō2, on the 19th day of the 7th month 1107. The actual site of Horikwawas grave is known and this emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine at Kyoto. The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Horikawas mausoleum and it is formally named Nochi no Yenkyō-ji no misasagi. Horikawa is buried amongst the Seven Imperial Tombs at Ryoan-ji in Kyoto, the mound which commemorates the Emperor Horikawa today named Kinugasa-yama. The emperors burial place would have been quite humble in the period after Horikawa died and these tombs reached their present state as a result of the 19th century restoration of imperial sepulchers which were ordered by Emperor Meiji. Emperor Horikawa was succeeded by his son, Munehito, who would take the name Emperor Toba, kugyō is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal. In general, this group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have them to the pinnacle of a lifes career
7. Kilij Arslan I – Kilij Arslan was the Seljuq Sultan of Rûm from 1092 until his death in 1107. He ruled the Sultanate during the time of the First Crusade and he also re-established the Sultanate of Rum after the death of Malik Shah I of Great Seljuq and defeated the Crusaders in three battles during the Crusade of 1101. After the death of his father, Suleyman, in 1086, he became a hostage of Sultan Malik Shah I of Great Seljuq, but was released when Malik Shah died in 1092. Kilij Arslan then marched at the head of the Turkish Oghuz Yiva tribe army and set up his capital at Nicaea, replacing Amin l Ghazni, Alexius Comnenuss Byzantine intrigues further complicated the situation. He married the daughter of the Emir of the Chaka to attempt to ally himself against the Byzantines, the Peoples Crusade army of Peter the Hermit and Walter the Penniless arrived at Nicaea in 1096. A German contingent of the crusade overran the castle Xerigordon and held it until Kilij sent a force to them out. Those that renounced Christianity were spared and sent into captivity to the east, the remainder of Peters crusade was surprised near the village of Dracon by Kilij Arslans army. They were easily defeated and around 30,000 men, women and children were killed and he then invaded the Danishmend Emirate of Malik Ghazi in eastern Anatolia. Because of this easy first victory he did not consider the main army, led by various nobles of western Europe. He resumed his war with the Danishmends, and was away from Nicaea when these new Crusaders besieged Nicaea in May 1097 and he hurried back to his capital to find it surrounded by the Crusaders, and was defeated in battle with them on May 21. The city then surrendered to the Byzantines and his wife and children were captured, when the crusaders sent the Sultana to Constantinople, to their dismay she was later returned without ransom in 1097 because of the relationship between Kilij Arslan and Alexius Comnenus. As result of the invasion, Rüm and the Danismends allied in their attempt to turn back the crusaders. The Crusaders continued to split their forces as they marched across Anatolia, the combined Danishmend and Rüm forces planned to ambush the Crusaders near Dorylaeum on June 29. However, Kilij Arslans horse archers could not penetrate the line of defense set up by the Crusader knights, Kilij Arslan retreated and inflicted losses on the Crusader Army with guerilla warfare and hit-and-run tactics. He also destroyed crops and water supplies along their route in order to damage logistical supplying of the Crusader Army, see also, Siege of Nicaea, Battle of Dorylaeum Ghazni ibn Danishmend captured Bohemond resulting in a new force of Lombards attempting to rescue him. In their march they took Ankara from Arslan upon the Danishmends, in alliance with Radwan the Atabeg of Aleppo he ambushed this force at the Battle of Mersivan. In 1101 he defeated another Crusader army at Heraclea Cybistra, which had come to assist the fledging Crusader States in Syria and this was an important victory for the Turks, as it proved that an army of Crusader knights were not invincible. After this victory he moved his capital to Konya and defeated a force led by William II of Nevers who attempted to march upon it as well as the subsequent force a week later