|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1214 births.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1214 births.|
Isabella of England, was Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, and Queen consort of Sicily. She was the child and second daughter of King John of England. At a friendly meeting at Rieti, Pope Gregory IX suggested to Emperor Frederick II that he marry princess Isabella, the betrothal was formalized in London in February 1235. Her brother Henry had to levy a tax of two marks of silver per hide in order to afford the thirty thousand marks Frederick insisted on as Isabellas dowry. Frederick sought this large amount to fund his wars in northern Italy. The beautiful Isabella was about twenty-one years old when she set out to marry the twice-widowed Emperor Frederick II, on her way through Cologne, she delighted the local women when she removed the traditionally worn veil so that they could see her face. The marriage between Isabella and Frederick took place in Worms Cathedral on 15 or 20 July 1235, in the ceremony, she was crowned Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Germany and she was granted the castle of Monte SantAngelo by her husband upon her marriage.
However, as soon as she was married she was added to the Emperors harem, Isabella lived in retirement at Noventa Padovana where her husband regularly visited her. When her brother, Earl of Cornwall, returned from the crusades, he was allowed to visit her, while the imperial court resided at Foggia, Isabella gave birth to her last child and died. She is buried beside Fredericks previous wife, Queen Isabella II of Jerusalem, in Andria Cathedral, primary sources are at variance concerning Isabellas issue, including the number of children she had, their names, and their birth order. Margaret is believed by some to have been the first child, the most common belief is that Margaret was the last child. The short-lived son of Isabella has been given the name of Frederick, Jordanus/Jordan, this child received his name because was baptized with water brought for that purpose from the Jordan river. Henry, appointed Governor of Sicily and promised to become King of Jerusalem after his father died, betrothed to many of Pope Innocent IVs nieces, but never married to any.
Margaret, married Albert, Landgrave of Thuringia, Margrave of Meissen, four Queens, The Provençal Sisters who ruled Europe. A Distant Mirror, the Calamitous 14th Century, alfred A. Knopf, New York,1984. Britains Royal Family, A Complete Genealogy, the Bodley Head London, U. K. ISBN 0-7126-4286-2
Louis IX, commonly known as Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 until his death. Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII the Lion, although his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom until he reached maturity. During Louiss childhood, Blanche dealt with the opposition of rebellious vassals, as an adult, Louis IX faced recurring conflicts with some of the most powerful nobles, such as Hugh X of Lusignan and Peter of Dreux. Simultaneously, Henry III of England tried to restore his continental possessions and his reign saw the annexation of several provinces, notably Normandy and Provence. Louis IX was a reformer and developed French royal justice, in which the king is the judge to whom anyone is able to appeal to seek the amendment of a judgment. He banned trials by ordeal, tried to prevent the private wars that were plaguing the country, to enforce the correct application of this new legal system, Louis IX created provosts and bailiffs.
According to his vow made after an illness, and confirmed after a miraculous cure. He was succeeded by his son Philip III, Louiss actions were inspired by Christian values and Catholic devotion. He decided to punish blasphemy, interest-bearing loans and prostitution and he expanded the scope of the Inquisition and ordered the burning of Talmuds. He is the only canonized king of France, and there are many places named after him. Much of what is known of Louiss life comes from Jean de Joinvilles famous Life of Saint Louis, two other important biographies were written by the kings confessor, Geoffrey of Beaulieu, and his chaplain, William of Chartres. The fourth important source of information is William of Saint-Parthus biography, while several individuals wrote biographies in the decades following the kings death, only Jean of Joinville, Geoffrey of Beaulieu, and William of Chartres wrote from personal knowledge of the king. Louis was born on 25 April 1214 at Poissy, near Paris, the son of Prince Louis the Lion and Princess Blanche, and baptised in La Collégiale Notre-Dame church.
His grandfather on his fathers side was Philip II, king of France, while his grandfather on his mothers side was Alfonso VIII, tutors of Blanches choosing taught him most of what a king must know—Latin, public speaking, military arts, and government. He was 9 years old when his grandfather Philip II died, a member of the House of Capet, Louis was twelve years old when his father died on 8 November 1226. He was crowned king within the month at Reims cathedral, because of Louiss youth, his mother ruled France as regent during his minority. Louis mother trained him to be a leader and a good Christian. She used to say, I love you, my son, as much as a mother can love her child