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Pages in category "1329 births"
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1329 births.|
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Lazar of Serbia – Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović was a medieval Serbian ruler who created the largest and most powerful state on the territory of the disintegrated Serbian Empire. Lazars state, referred to by historians as Moravian Serbia, comprised the basins of the Great Morava, West Morava, Lazar ruled Moravian Serbia from 1373 until his death in 1389. Lazars programme had the support of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Lazar was killed at the Battle of Kosovo in June 1389 while leading an army assembled to confront the invading Ottoman Empire. The battle ended without a victor, though both sides endured heavy losses, which were more devastating for the less numerous Serbs and their Christian allies. Lazars widow, Milica, who ruled as regent for their adolescent son Stefan Lazarević, Lazars successor, Lazar is venerated in the Orthodox Christian Church as a martyr and saint, and is highly regarded in Serbian history, culture and tradition. In Serbian epic poetry, he is referred to as Tsar Lazar, Lazar was born around 1329 in the Prilepac Fortress,13 kilometres southeast of Novo Brdo, then an important mining town. His family were the lords of Prilepac, which together with the nearby fortress of Prizrenac protected the mines. Lazars father, Pribac, was a logothete in the court of Stefan Dušan, a member of the Nemanjić dynasty, who ruled as the King of Serbia from 1331 to 1346, the rank of logothete was relatively modest in the hierarchy of the Serbian court. Lazars father was among these nobles and was elevated to the position of logothete by pledging loyalty to Dušan, according to Mavro Orbin, a 16th-century Ragusan historian, Pribac and Lazars surname was Hrebeljanović. Though Orbin did not provide a source for this claim, it has widely accepted in historiography. Pribac was awarded by Dušan in yet another way, his son Lazar was granted the position of stavilac at the rulers court. The stavilac had a role in the ceremony at the royal table, the title of stavilac ranked as the last in the hierarchy of the Serbian court. It was, nevertheless, quite prestigious as it enabled its holder to be close to the ruler. Stavilac Lazar married Milica, according to subsequent genealogies, created in the first half of the 15th century, Milica was the daughter of Prince Vratko, a great-grandson of Vukan. The latter was the son of Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja, the founder of the Nemanjić dynasty, vukans descendents are not mentioned in any known source that predates the 15th-century genealogies. Tsar Dušan died suddenly in 1355 at the age of about 47, dušans death was followed by the stirring of separatist activity in the Serbian Empire. Epirus and Thessaly in its southwest broke away by 1359, the same happened with Braničevo and Kučevo, the empires north-eastern regions controlled by the Rastislalić family, who recognized the suzerainty of King Louis of Hungary
2. Pope Gregory XI – Pope Gregory XI was pope from 30 December 1370 to his death in 1378. He was the seventh and last Avignon pope and the most recent French pope, in 1377, Gregory XI returned the Papal court to Rome, ending nearly 70 years of papal residency in Avignon, France. His death shortly after was followed by the Western Schism and he was born Pierre Roger de Beaufort in Maumont in the modern commune of Rosiers-dÉgletons, Limousin, around 1330. The nephew of Pope Clement VI, he succeeded Pope Urban V at the conclave of 1370 and was the seventh. During his pontificate, vigorous measures were taken against proponents of Lollardy, which had found acceptance in Germany, England, and other parts of Europe. Efforts were made to corrupt practices in the various monastic orders, such as collecting fees from persons visiting holy sites. Gregory confirmed a treaty between Sicily and Naples at Villeneuve-lès-Avignon on 20 August 1372, which brought about a permanent settlement between the kingdoms, which were both papal fiefs. The Decadicon was submitted to Pope Gregory XI in the part of the 1370s by French canonist. Gregory formally condemned fourteen articles of the Sachsenspiegel in 1374 and nineteen propositions of Wycliffes On Civil Dominion in 1377 and his decision to return to Rome is supposedly attributed in part to the incessant pleas, demands, and threats of Catherine of Siena. A return had been attempted by Gregorys predecessor, Urban V, but the demands of the Hundred Years War brought him north of the Alps again, and Avignon was still the seat of the Bishop of Rome. The project of returning again to Rome was delayed by a conflict between the pope and Florence, known as the War of the Eight Saints, the pope put Florence under interdict during 1376. The return of the Curia to Rome began on 13 September 1376 and was concluded with the arrival of Gregory XI on 17 January 1377, Gregory XI did not long survive this trip, dying in Rome on 27 March 1378. He was buried the day in the church of Santa Maria Nuova. After his death the College of Cardinals was pressured by a Roman mob that broke into the chamber to force an Italian pope into the papacy. The Italian chosen was Urban VI, soon after being elected, Urban gained the Cardinals enmity. The cardinals withdrew from Rome to Fondi, where they annulled their election of Urban and elected a French pope, Clement VII, subsequently, the Western Schism created by the selection of rival popes forced the people of Europe into a dilemma of papal allegiance. This schism was not resolved fully until the Council of Constance was called by a group of cardinals, boldly, the council deposed both current popes and, in 1417, elected Martin V as their successor. The chaos of the Western Schism thus brought about reforming councils and gave them the power over who was elected, le voyage de Grégoire XI ramenant la Papauté dAvignon à Rome, 1376-1377 suivi du texte latin et de la traduction franç. de lItinerarium Gragerii XI de Pierre Ameilh
3. Abu Inan Faris – Abu Inan Faris was a Marinid ruler of Morocco. He succeeded his father Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman in 1348 and he extended his rule over Tlemcen and Ifriqiya, which covered the north of what is now Algeria and Tunisia, but was forced to retreat due to a revolt of Arab tribes there. He died strangled by his vizier in 1358, Abu Inans father Abul Hasan had taken the town of Tlemcen in 1337. In 1347 Abul Hasan annexed Ifriqiya, briefly reuniting the Maghrib territories as they had been under the Almohads, however, Abul Hasan went too far in attempting to impose more authority over the Arab tribes, who revolted and in April 1348 defeated his army near Kairouan. Abu Inan Faris, who had been serving as governor of Tlemcen, returned to Fez, Tlemcen and the central Maghreb revolted. Abu Inan took the title of Amir al-muminin, Abul Hasan had to return from Ifriqiya by sea. After failing to retake Tlemcen and being defeated by his son, in 1352 Abu Inan Faris recaptured Tlemcen. He also reconquered the central Maghreb, the Nasrid rulers of Granada were concerned that if Abu Inan was able to gain full control of the Maghreb, he would then invade Granada. To weaken him, they sponsored a rebellion by his brother Abul Fadl, sultan Abul-Hajjaj of Grenada hired ships from Castile and used them to take Abul-Fadl and his supporters to Sousse, where he launched a short-lived rebellion. Abu Inan continued his expansion, and took Tunis in 1357. Due to the intrigues of his vizier, Faris bin Maymum, Abu Inan fell ill in November 1357. His vizier Hasan bin Umar al-Fududi had a dispute with his heir apparent Abu Zayyan Muhammad, when Abu Inan began to recover from his illness, the vizier feared he would be punished for nominating Abu Bakr. On 10 January 1358 he had Abu Inan strangled, under Abu Inans rule the Black Death and the rebellions of Tlemcen and Tunis marked the beginning of the decline of the Marinids. They proved unable to back the Portuguese and the Spaniards, who settled on the North African coast during the reign of the Wattasids. Abu Inan commissioned one of his secretaries, Ibn Juzayy, to record an account of Ibn Battutas 29 years of travelling, the result, Ibn Battutas rihla, was completed in December 1355. Abu Inan built madrasas in Meknes and Fes in 1350, the Bou Inania Madrasa of Fes and that of Meknes were named after him
4. Anne of Bavaria – Anne of Bavaria was a queen consort of Bohemia. She was the daughter of Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine and she was a member of the House of Wittelsbach. Anna married Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV on 11 March 1349 in the town of Bacharach on the Rhine and she became the second wife of Charles after the death of his first wife, Blanche of Valois, in 1348. On 26 July 1349 in Aachen, Anna was crowned Queen of Rome, months later she was crowned Queen of Bohemia, In 1350, Anna gave birth to the long desired son, Wenceslaus, who died one year later, in 1351. Anna did not have children and died herself in 1353 at the age of twenty-three. Charles was widowed for a time and still had no son. He then married Anna von Schweidnitz, who gave birth to the heir, Wenceslaus
5. Hosokawa Yoriyuki – Hosokawa Yoriyuki was a samurai of the Hosokawa clan, and prominent government minister under the Ashikaga shogunate, serving as Kyoto Kanrei from 1367 to 1379. The first to hold this post, he solidified the power of the shogunate and he was also Constable of the provinces of Sanuki, Tosa, and Settsu. The son of Hosokawa Yoriharu, Yoriyuki served the shogunate as a commander, and fought the Yamana clan. He commanded shogunal forces in a number of battles, and while serving under Shogun Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Yoriyuki killed his cousin, Hosokawa Kiyouji, who had defected to the other side. Yoriyuki was appointed Shoguns Deputy in 1367, when Yoshiakira was very ill, on his deathbed, Ashikaga Yoshimitsu became shogun the following year, at the age of ten. For the next six years, Yoriyuki served as his chief minister, the government under his guidance was stern and just, and unruly vassals were subjected to a discipline not unlike that of the Hōjō Regency in its prime. To that end, he promulgated sumptuary laws, placing strict guidelines on the kinds of luxury items samurai could wear, and certain extravagant customs, such as the exchanging of New Years gifts. Several of these warlords, associated with the former Deputy Kō no Moronao, had been issuing orders and edicts in the name of the shogunate, Yoriyuki also saw to the development of the shogunates administrative procedures. Under the previous two shoguns, affairs were largely handled personally, with little organization or procedure. Under Yoriyukis guidance, administrative methods were established, and the governments operations organized to a significant degree, in 1379, he was asked by the shogun to resign
6. Maria of Navarre – Maria of Navarre was queen consort of the Crown of Aragon from 1338 until her death as the first of four wives of Peter IV of Aragon. Maria was the child of Joan II of Navarre and Philip III of Navarre. Her parents, having established the House of Évreux as the new ruling dynasty in the Kingdom of Navarre, in 1333 they negotiated a betrothal between Marias elder sister, Joan, and Peter, then heir apparent to the throne of Aragon. Peter, who ascended the throne in January 1336, expressed a preference for the daughter, however. The marriage contract was signed in her fathers castle on Anet on 6 January 1336 and it stipulated that, if her mother died leaving no sons, Maria or her children would inherit the crown of Navarre. The wedding ceremony took place near Zaragoza on 25 July 1337, despite difficulties over the payment of her dowry, the relations of Marias husband with her parents were excellent. As dower Maria received from Peter the towns of Jaca, Tarragona, in 1338 the new queen made her joyous entry into Barcelona, capital of the Crown of Aragon. Queen Maria was pious and a wife, probably having little in common with her husband. Their first child, Constance, was born in 1343, followed by Joanna in 1344, the lack of a male heir for nine years of the marriage presented a problem. In 1347 Peter attempted to secure the succession for their eldest daughter, but was opposed by his brother James I, Count of Urgell, on 23 April in Valencia Queen Maria gave birth to a son, christened Peter, but the infant died the next day. Maria died of complications on 29 April. In her will she left her rights to Navarre to her son and then to her daughters and she was interred instead in the Monastery of Saint Vincent in Valencia. Her widower remarried within a few months, the queens of Aragon, their lives and times. Mariage et pouvoir, réflexion sur le rôle de lalliance dans les relations entre les Evreux-Navarre et les Valois au XIV siècle, the Queen and her consort, succession, politics and partnership in the Kingdom of Navarre, 1274–1512. The Queens Regnant of Navarre, Succession, Politics, and Partnership, 1274–1512
7. Marianus IV of Arborea – Marianus IV, called the Great, was the Giudice of Arborea, island of Sardinia, from 1347 to his death. He was, as his nickname indicates, the greatest sovereign of Arborea and he was a legislator and a warrior whose reign saw the commencement of massive codification of the laws of his realm and incessant warfare with the Aragonese Empire. He was also a man, who had connections to Catherine of Siena. He was, in short, a legislator, able politician. Born at Oristano, he was the son of Hugh II, at the behest of his father he spent most of his youth in Barcelona, where he was educated at the court of Alfonso IV of Aragon. He participated actively in the coronation of Peter IV in 1336, in 1336 in Barcelona, he married Timbor, daughter of Dalmatius IV of Rocabertí and Beatrice of Serrallonga, Baroness of Cabrenys. In 1339, he was invested by Peter with the counties of Bas, Goceano, in 1347, the Doria rebelled and defeated the Catalans at Aidu de Turdu, occupying Bonorva. This sparked a war between Aragon and Genoa, but at the outset the Doria could not take advantage of their victory. On 11 September 1349, he returned to Oristano, two years after succeeding his childless elder brother, one of his first acts was to repopulate the town of Goceano, rebuild the castle there, and plant a florid garden. He allied with the Genoese and the Doria, then at war with Aragon, Marianus first directive was against Gherardo della Gherardescha, a loyal Pisan vassal of the Aragonese. He attacked Castel di Castro from the south but was rebuffed and he initiated a siege until his Doria allies could attack from the north. His armies proved successful in the field and he succeeded in expelling the Aragonese from every redoubt on the save the stronghold of Castel di Castro. He even menaced Sassari in 1354, later that year, Peter IV landed on the island at Nulauro. Marianus promptly began a war of ambushes against royal troops until, at the end of 1355. The peace lasted two years, during which Marianus reinforced his armies and the country progressed favourably economically, in 1365, the war resumed with full force. Pope Urban V confirmed Arborean possession of the whole of the island save Sassari, Alghero, Peter IV, however, sent a fleet commanded by Pere de Luna to lead an Aragonese army deep into Arborea, bypassing other fortifications to assault Oristano. The Aragonese troops were trapped between the Arborean armies commanded by Marianus and his son, the future Hugh III, in 1368, Marianus finally occupied Sassari. He was preparing another campaign when he died in 1376, during the two-year peace, Marianus began the work of putting down in writing the oral laws and customs of Arborea
8. John de Beauchamp, 3rd Baron Beauchamp – John de Beauchamp, 3rd Baron Beauchamp de Somerset was an English peer. He was born at Stoke-sub-Hamdon in Somerset, the eldest son and heir of John de Beauchamp and he was Warden of the Cinque Ports from 1359 to about 1361. King Edward III issued a commission to Beauchamp from 1359 to act as Warden, in 1359 he participated in the expedition to Gascony by King Edward III. In 1360 he was appointed Admiral of the Fleet and he married Lady Alice Beauchamp, daughter of Sir Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick by his wife Katherine Mortimer. John Beauchamp, 3rd Lord Beauchamp, The Peerage,12 May 2007, accessed February 18,2009 Burke, Bernard. A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, googlebooks Retrieved February 22,2009 Beauchamps
9. William de Ros, 3rd Baron de Ros – William de Ros, 3rd Baron de Ros of Helmsley was a military commander under Edward, the Black Prince. He was knighted by the Black Prince in 1346, having helped raise the siege of Aiguillon, in 1346, he was with the Black Prince, at the siege of Calais, when it was taken by the English. In 1352, he accompanied Henry of Grosmont, Duke of Lancaster on his journey to Prussia, but died the year, before the feast of St Michael, aged twenty-six. William de Ros married, about 28 August 1339, Margaret de Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville and his widow married secondly, as his first wife, Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. The Complete Peerage, edited by Geoffrey H. White, magna Carta Ancestry, A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. Magna Carta Ancestry, A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham
10. Philip II, Prince of Taranto – Philip II of Taranto of the Angevin house, was Prince of Achaea and Taranto, and titular Emperor of Constantinople from 1364 to his death in 1374. He was the son of Philip I of Taranto and Catherine of Valois, upon the execution of his cousin Charles, Duke of Durazzo, in 1348, he succeeded as King of Albania. Shortly after, his older brother Louis married their first cousin, Joanna I of Naples, in April 1355, Philip married Joannas younger sister, Maria of Calabria. In 1364, Philip succeeded as titular Emperor of Constantinople, and Prince of Achaea and Taranto on the death of his oldest brother, on 20 October 1370, Philip married yet another Angevin, Elizabeth of Slavonia, former heir presumptive to the throne of Hungary. In 1373, he resigned his rights to the Principality of Achaea to his cousin and he died on 25 November 1374 in Taranto. All his children had died young and his heir was his sisters son James of Baux, Duke of Andria. By his first wife, Maria of Calabria, Philip had five children, Philip Charles Philip a child, a child, By his second wife, Elisabeth of Slavonia, Philip had, Philip