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Pages in category "1363 births"
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1363 births.|
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Kristinas Astikas – Kristinas Astikas was a leading Lithuanian noble and statesman of the Astikai family. Kristinas was a supporter and a companion of Vytautas the Great, his brother Sigismund Kestutaitis and nephew Casimir Jagiellon, at the signing of the Union of Horodło in 1413 he received the Coat of Arms of Trąby. Astikas was his original Lithuanian pagan name, used by some of his descendants as their family name and he is said by some historians to be descended from the Duke of Kernavė Sirputis, brother of the Grand Duke of Lithuania Traidenis. Kristinas had four sons, Stanislovas, Mikalojus, Baltramiejus. Stanislovas Astikaitis became Voivod of Navahrudek and his descendants used the name of Astikaitis. Radvila became Voivod of Trakai and his line used his name as their family name, Kristinas was the first known owner of Upninkai and Musninkai with their lands. He was also the owner of Alanta and Užpaliai in Lithuania, some of the lands, including Alanta, were granted to him for his service to Grand Duke of Lithuania Sigismund Kęstutaitis
2. Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford – Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford, also 6th Lord of Skipton was a Knight of The Chamber, hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland, Governor of Carlisle Castle, and Warden of the West Marches. He was the son of Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford, according to Dugdale, he was a knight of the kings chamber in 8 Richard II. According to Dugdale, Sir Thomas crossed the sea for this tournament in the following May. Rymer has preserved a document, dated 28 January 1387, in which the king licenses our very dear and loyal knight, Sir Thomas Clifford and he inherited his estates and titles on his fathers death in 1380. In 1384, he was granted the custody of Carlisle Castle for life jointly with John Neville, in September 1388, he was master of the kings horses. He was summoned to Parliament by Writ from 6 December 1389 and he was hereditary High Sheriff of Westmorland from 1389 until his own death in 1391. His name occurs in the minutes for 28 April 1390. In 1391, Clifford was in the Baltic, and became involved in a brawl with Sir William Douglas, Clifford, overcome by remorse, set off for Jerusalem and died in 1391 on an unidentified Mediterranean island. Dugdale gives the date of his death 18 August 1391 and he married before 1379 Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas de Ros, 4th Baron de Ros of Helmesley, by Beatrice, daughter of Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, KG, by whom he had issue. He was succeeded by his eldest son John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford, Lord Clifford is often styled in documents Kings kinsman. John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford, married Lady Elizabeth Percy, daughter of Henry Hotspur Percy by Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, london, Smith, Elder & Co. p.77. Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore Md
3. Henry FitzHugh, 3rd Baron FitzHugh – Henry FitzHugh, 3rd Baron FitzHugh KG was an English administrator and diplomat who served under Henry IV and Henry V. Summoned to parliament in 1388, FitzHugh became active in public affairs following Henry IVs succession and he was engaged in Anglo-Scottish diplomacy, taking part in the Battle of Humbleton Hill in 1402 and negotiating the surrender of his uncle, Archbishop of York Richard le Scrope, in 1405. The next year he travelled to Denmark as part of the escort of Philippa, Henrys daughter, for her marriage to Eric of Pomerania, king of Denmark, Norway, at the coronation of Henry V in 1413, FitzHugh was Constable. During Henrys reign, he served as Chamberlain of the Household and he participated in the Battle of Agincourt in 1415 and subsequent diplomacy with the French, which led to the Treaty of Troyes in 1420. He travelled with the king to France, and he escorted the remains back to England following his death in 1422. He was an executor of Henrys will and was a feoffee of lands in the will and he became a Knight of the Garter about 1409. After his death on 11 January 1425, FitzHugh was buried at Jervaulx Abbey in Yorkshire at his request, an English order was established in 1415 at Twickenham with the assistance of Henry V. He also attended the Council of Constance in 1415, a descendant of Akarius Fitz Bardolph, FitzHugh was the first son of Hugh FitzHugh, 2nd Baron FitzHugh, and Joan, daughter of Henry Scrope, 1st Baron Scrope of Masham. He married Elizabeth Grey, daughter of Sir Robert de Grey and his wife, Robert was a son of John de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Rotherfield and Avice Marmion. They had eight sons and six daughters, including, William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh, married to Margery Willoughby, daughter of William Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby. Robert FitzHugh, Bishop of London Eleanor FitzHugh, who married firstly to Philip Darcy, 6th Lord Darcy of Knayth, they were parents to Elizabeth Darcy, Eleanor married secondly to Thomas Tunstall and thirdly to Henry Bromflete, 1st Baron Vesci. Elizabeth FitzHugh, married firstly on 10 December 1427 to Sir Ralph Gray of Chillingham and secondly, in 1445 and her only issue was by her first husband. Elizabeth was a lady-in-waiting to queen consort Margaret of Anjou, maud FitzHugh, wife of Sir William Eure of Witton. Laura or Lora FitzHugh, wife of Sir Maurice de Berkeley of Beverstone, Gloucestershire
4. Jean Gerson – Aged fourteen, he left Gerson-lès-Barby to study at the college of Navarre in Paris under Gilles Deschamps, and Pierre dAilly, who became his life-long friend. Gerson was born at Gerson-lès-Barby, Gerson a hamlet in the present municipality of Barby, young Gerson was sent to Paris to the famous college of Navarre when fourteen years of age. Pierre dAilly remained his friend, and in later life the pupil seems to have become the teacher. Gerson very soon attracted the notice of the university and he was elected procurator for the French nation in 1383, and again in 1384, in which year he graduated bachelor of theology. Three years later a higher honour was bestowed upon him, he was sent along with the chancellor. Gersons biographers have compared his journey to Avignon with Luthers visit to Rome, Gersons writings bear witness to his deep sense of the responsibilities, anxieties and troubles of his position. He was all his days a man of letters, and an analysis of his writings is his best biography. His work has three periods, in which he was engaged in reforming the university studies, maturing plans for overcoming the schism, and in the evening of his life writing books of devotion. Gerson wished to banish scholastic subtleties from the studies of the university and he was called at this period of his life Doctor Christianissimus, later his devotional and pastoral writings brought him the title Doctor Consolatorius. His plan was to make theology plain and simple by founding it on the principles of nominalism. His method was an exposition of the principles of theology where clearness was possible. He thought that in this way he would guard against the folly of the old scholasticism. His plans for the reformation of university studies may be learned from his Epistolae de reform, the study of the Bible and of the fathers was to supersede the idle questions of the schools, and in his Tract. Contra romantiam de rosa he warns against the irreverent Roman de la rose of Guillaume de Lorris and he was often weary of the chancellorship—it involved him in strife and in money difficulties, he grew tired of public life, and longed for learned leisure. To obtain it he accepted the deanery of Bruges from the duke of Burgundy, Gersons 1402 treatise De Vita Spirituali Animae was one of the first attempts at developing natural rights theory. He thought that freedom could be exchanged in the way as property. Gersons chief work was toward reconciling the great schism and this caused great confusion, as the Church could, at one time, only have one legitimate successor of St. Peter— and one faith, one Lord, one baptism, one seamless garment of Christ. The schism had practically been brought about by France, hence the melancholy piety of Gerson, Pierre dAilly and their companions, and the energy with which they strove to bring the schism to an end
5. Hwang Hui – Hwang Hui was a politician of the Goryeo dynasty and Joseon Dynasty, who once served as prime minister of the Joseon Dynasty from 1431 to 1449. Hwang Hui was an official of Goryeo Dynasty and he became an official in the Joseon Dynasty in 1394. Hwang Hui once banished from Seoul because he advocated Yangnyeong, the eldest prince of King Taejong, after King Sejong the Greats enthronement, Hwang Hui got reappointed and held many ministerial posts. Hwang Hui was appointed as a minister in 1431 and served until 1449. He retired from the government after 18 years and he served as the Yeonguijeong, the highest ranking of 3 appointed royal prime ministers for a total of 18 years with a total of 24 years service to the monarchy. He was noted for his philosophy that stated, “That which is just takes priority
6. Thomas Langley – Thomas Langley was an English prelate who held high ecclesiastical and political offices in the early to mid-15th century. He was Dean of York, Bishop of Durham, twice Lord Chancellor of England to three kings, and a Pseudocardinal, in turn Keeper of the Kings signet and Keeper of the Privy Seal before becoming de facto Englands first Foreign Secretary. He was the second longest serving Chancellor of the Middle Ages, Langley was born in Middleton, Lancashire, the third son of Alice and William Langley. In 1375 he was sent to St Marys Abbey, Thetford, Langley attended this college until it was ransacked and destroyed by poll tax rioters on 15 June 1381. Langley returned to Middleton and in 1385 he was appointed rector of Radcliffe, in 1401 he was appointed Dean of York, but the appointment was blocked by Pope Boniface IX because of Langleys part in the deposition and murder of Richard II. In 1401 he was given custody of the seal, which office he held until 1405. In October 1404, Langley was elected Bishop of London but the new Pope, Innocent VII, from then on until his semi-retirement in 1430, Langley spent 5,670 days in the service of the crown. He now lived in an inn in Holborn in the City of London, within 20 days Archbishop Scrope of York rebelled, was captured and executed after a show trial. Langley was elected in August 1405 as Archbishop, which the Pope again disapproved of and excommunicated Langley, the election was quashed in May 1406. The excommunication was lifted the following year and Langley was installed as Bishop of Durham in St Pauls Cathedral in 1406, in 1407 he resigned his Chancellorship and on the same day he was appointed what was in effect the first Foreign Minister of England. Langley was created a pseudocardinal in the consistory of 6 June 1411 by Antipope John XXIII, the same year he also founded a school related to the church. In 1413, Henry IV died in Westminster Abbey, Langley his executor at his side and he returned to Middleton for the last time in 1424. From 1430 until his death Langley attended to his diocese, something he had, by his own admission, neglected, continuing with various diplomatic work when called upon by the government
7. Margaret of Bavaria – Margaret of Bavaria, was Duchess consort of Burgundy by marriage to John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy. She was the regent of the Burgundian Low countries during the absence of her spouse in 1404–1419, with the death of Philip the Bold in 1404, and Margaret of Dampierre in 1405, John inherited these territories, and Margaret became his consort. They had only one son, Philip the Good, who inherited these territories and she married Adolph I, Duke of Cleves
8. Maria, Queen of Sicily – Maria was Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens and Neopatria from 1377 until her death. Born in Catania, she was the daughter and heir of Frederick the Simple by his first wife Constance of Aragon, as she was very young at the time of her fathers death in 1377, her government was effectively taken over by four baronial families who styled themselves vicars. However, the four men ruled in their separate baronial lands alone, montcadas move had been approved by her grandfather King Peter IV of Aragon. In 1382 Maria was rescued by an Aragonese fleet, she was taken first to Sardinia, then, in 1384, to Aragon, where she was married to Martin the Younger, the grandson of Peter IV. In 1392 Maria and Martin returned with a force and defeated the opposing barons. At that time, Martin repudiated the Treaty of Villeneuve and ruled Sicily alone and she also survived their only son, Peter. The kingdom remained without a prince and it caused a succession crisis for Martin. Frederick the Simple named his son, William, Count of Malta, as heir presumptive in this case of the extinction of his daughters line. 1380, he had a daughter, Joan, wife of the Sicilian nobleman Pietro di Gioeni, Maria of Sicily died at Lentini in 1401. Due donne per un regno, Maria dAragona e Bianca di Navarra, cawley, Charles, SICILY, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy http, //www. mittelalter-genealogie. de/mittelalter/koenige/sizilien/maria_koenigin_1402. html
9. Christine de Pizan – Christine de Pizan was an Italian French late medieval author. She served as a writer for several dukes and the French royal court during the reign of Charles VI. She wrote both poetry and prose works such as biographies and books containing practical advice for women and she completed forty-one works during her 30-year career from 1399 to 1429. She married in 1380 at the age of 15, and was widowed 10 years later, much of the impetus for her writing came from her need to earn a living to support her mother, a niece and her two surviving children. She spent most of her childhood and all of her life in Paris and then the abbey at Poissy. Her early courtly poetry is marked by her knowledge of aristocratic custom and fashion of the day, particularly involving women, supported and encouraged by important royal French and English patrons, she influenced 15th-century English poetry. In recent decades, Christine de Pizans work has returned to prominence by the efforts of scholars such as Charity Cannon Willard, Earl Jeffrey Richards. Certain scholars have argued that she should be seen as an early feminist who efficiently used language to convey that women could play an important role within society. This characterization has been challenged by critics, who say that it is either an anachronistic use of the word or a misinterpretation of her writing. Christine de Pizan was born in 1364 in Venice, Italy and she was the daughter of Tommaso di Benvenuto da Pizzano, a physician, court astrologer, and Councillor of the Republic of Venice. Following her birth, Thomas de Pizan accepted an appointment to the court of Charles V of France, as the astrologer, alchemist. In this atmosphere, Christine was able to pursue her intellectual interests, but she did not assert her intellectual abilities, or establish her authority as a writer until she was widowed at the age of 25. She married Etienne du Castel, a secretary to the court. She had three children, a daughter, a son Jean, and another child who died in childhood, Christines family life was threatened in 1387 when her husband, while in Beauvais on a mission with the king, suddenly died in an epidemic. Following Castels death, she was left to support her mother, a niece, when she tried to collect money from her husbands estate, she faced complicated lawsuits regarding the recovery of salary due her husband. Note that in letters he signed as secretary of the king in 1381 and 1382 the signature of Etienne was Ste de Castel. The abbreviation of his first name could be both as a phonetic abbreviation of Estienne and as the first letters of his name in Latin. In order to support herself and her family, Christine turned to writing, by 1393, she was writing love ballads, which caught the attention of wealthy patrons within the court
10. Agnese Visconti – Agnese Visconti also known as Agnes was a daughter of Bernabò Visconti and his wife Beatrice Regina della Scala. She was consort of Mantua by her marriage to Francesco I Gonzaga, Agnese was born in Milan, Italy and was the ninth of seventeen children. Agneses sister, Taddea Visconti, married Stephen III, Duke of Bavaria and was mother of Isabeau of Bavaria, Agnese and the rest of her sisters secured politically advantageous marriages. Agneses maternal grandparents were Mastino II della Scala and his wife Taddea da Carrara and her paternal grandparents were Stefano Visconti and his wife Valentina Doria. Agneses father, Bernabò, was a cruel and ruthless despot, and he seized the papal city of Bologna, rejected the Pope and his authority, confiscated ecclesiastical property, and forbade any of his subjects to have any dealings with the Curia. He was excommunicated as a heretic in 1363 by Pope Urban V, when Bernabò was in one of his frequent rages, only the childrens mother, Beatrice Regina, was able to approach him. Agneses father led a policy of balance between the powers of the Gonzaga family. Her father arranged for her to marry condottiero Francesco I Gonzaga and he was the son of Ludovico I Gonzaga and Alda dEste. Agnese brought a dowry of 50,000 gold scudi and the cities of Parma, Cremona, Brescia, the couple had only one daughter, Alda Gonzaga, who married in 1405 Francis II Novello da Carrara, Lord of Padua. Agnese was later accused by her husband of having committed adultery with Antonio Scandiano, Agnese may not have been guilty, as her husband wanted to end his alliance with her father and wanted to form one instead with Gian Galeazzo Visconti. He could have just divorced Agnese, but to break off all relations with her father completely and she was executed in Mantua 1391 along with her alleged lover