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Pages in category "1365 births"
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1365 births.|
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Chen Cheng (Ming dynasty) – Chen Cheng, courtesy name Zilu, pseudonym Zhushan, was a Chinese diplomat known for his overland journeys into Central Asia during the Ming dynasty. His travels were contemporaneous to the voyages of the admiral Zheng He. Chen was born in 1365 in Linchuan County, Jiangxi province and he obtained the positions of juren and gongshi in 1393 and 1394 respectively after taking the imperial examination. In 1396, Chen was sent on a mission to the western region of Qaidam to establish border defence. In 1397, he was sent by the Yongle Emperor as an envoy to Vietnam, from 1406 to 1411, he served in the Wenyuange, the imperial library in the Forbidden City, as an editor of the Yongle Encyclopedia. Buddhist idols and temples in Turfan were described in 1414 by Chen Cheng, in 1414,1416 and 1420, Chen Cheng led a Ming mission to the court of the Timurid dynasty at Samarkand. Travel in the Western Region Xi yu fan guo zhi, A Record of the Barbarian Countries in the Western Region, ghiyāth al-dīn Naqqāsh, the diarist of Shahrukhs embassy to the Yongle Emperors court. Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo, another diplomat - from Spain - who visited Samarkand a few years before Chen Cheng, hanlin_Academy#Bureau_of_Translators F. J. Hecker, A fifteenth-century Chinese diplomat in Herat, Joumal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 3rd series p85-91,1993. “A Fifteenth-century Chinese Diplomat in Herat”, journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 3. Tsai, Shih-Shan Henry, Perpetual Happiness, The Ming Emperor Yongle, University of Washington Press, ISBN 0-295-98124-5 Goodrich, L. Carrington, Tay, Chen Cheng, in Goodrich, L. Carrington, Fang, Chaoying, Dictionary of Ming Biography, 1368–1644. Volume I, Columbia University Press, pp. 144–145, ISBN 0-231-03801-1 Rossabi, “Two Ming Envoys to Inner Asia”
2. Devlet Hatun – Devlet Hatun (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Daulat Hātûn Hazretleri, Ottoman Turkish, دولت شاه خاتون, c. was the twelfth wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Mehmed I. Devlet Hatun was the twelfth and last wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and her name in her vakfîyya is registered as Daulât bint-i AbdAllah. This implies that the mother of Mehmed I was of non-Turkish origin, although the sign at her tomb says that Devlet was the daughter of a Germiyanid prince, she was ethnically of non-Turkish origin. Since both Devlet Hâtun, and Devlet-Şâh Hâtun died in 1414, she is confused with Devlet-Şâh Hâtun. Devlet Hatun died in January 1414 and was buried at the Devlet Hatun Tomb in Bursa and it is well tended by the Bursa neighbourhood in which it is situated and functions as a local pilgrimage site. The sign outside her tomb gives the details, It was built by Sultan Mehmed I. Devlet Hatun was the wife of Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Sultan Mehmed I and she was the daughter of a Germiyanid prince. Her mother was the granddaughter of Mevlâna Celâleddini Rumi, the Imperial Harem, Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press,1993, ISBN 0-19-508677-5. Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları, 15th Ed
3. William Cleireach MacLeod – William Cleireach MacLeod is considered to be fifth chief of Clan MacLeod. As chief of the clan, he led his followers in attacks against the Frasers and he did not live a long life and was said to have been buried on the isle of Iona with his predecessors. The Bannatyne manuscript states that William Cleireach was the son of Iain Ciar. William Cleireach was originally bred for the church, having been educated in a monastery abroad, for this reason, he was known as the clerk. His elder brother was killed at a feast and upon his death, as Iain Ciars only surviving son and that William Cleireach succeeded his father upon his death, in 1392. The MacLeods were successful in this venture and carried off much loot from their invasion. According to the early 20th-century clan historian R. C, MacLeod, the first record of conflict between the MacLeods and MacDonalds took place during the tenure of William Cleireach. MacLeod stated that Alexander III had originally placed the isles of Skye and Lewis into the earldom of Ross, however, in 1335, these lands had been granted by charter to John MacDonald, who would later become the Lord of the Isles. Later, in 1344, the grant of Lewis was confirmed, the MacDonalds, under Alasdair, brother of the Lord of the Isles, landed at Eynort. The MacLeods, under William Cleireach, met the invading MacDonald force at the head of Loch Sligachan, the manuscript states that during the bloody encounter, the MacDonalds were defeated and their leader was slain by Tormod Coil, cousin of William Cleireach. Following the battle, William Cleireach divided the loot amongst his followers, the Bannatyne manuscript relates how William Cleireach did not live very long and died relatively young at Castle Camus, in Sleat. It states that he was buried on the island of Iona. The Bannatyne manuscript describes William Cleireach as being much beloved by his followers and he was said to have had many illegitimate children whose descendants were still alive when the manuscript was written. The manuscript described two of his sons as the Castor and Pollux of the islanders. According to the manuscript, William Cleireach married a daughter of MacLean of Duart, the late 19th-century historian A. Mackenzie stated that Williams wife was a daughter of John Maclean of Lochbuie. Sinclair, another late 19th-century historian, stated that William Cleireach married a daughter of Murdoch MacLaine of Lochbuie, the manuscript relates how William and his wife had three sons—John, his heir, Tormod, and George. The manuscript mentions another family, called Mac Vic Alastair Ruaidh, the head of this family lived on St Kilda and a notable member of this family was the poet Mairi nighean Alasdair Ruaidh. The manuscript states that Williams third son, George, went abroad, an account of the Georges descendants was sent to a MacLeod in Britain in the year 1758
4. Margaret, Countess of Brienne – Marguerite was born in 1365, the eldest daughter of Louis of Enghien, Count of Brienne and of Conversano, Lord of Enghien, Titular Duke of Athens, and Giovanna of Sanseverino. She had three sisters, Yolande, Helene, and Isabelle. On 3 May 1384, Yolande married Philip of Bar, who died in a Turkish prison in 1404 after being taken prisoner following the disastrous Battle of Nicopolis in 1396. Marguerite had a brother, Antoine who died at the age of sixteen, leaving her and her paternal grandparents were Walter III of Enghien and Isabella of Brienne, and her maternal grandparents were Antonio of Sanseverino, 5th Count of Marsico, and Isabella del Balzo. On an unknown date, Marguerite married her first husband, Pierre de Baux, and following his death, she married as her second husband, both of these early marriages were childless. In 1380, after Giacopos death, Marguerite married her husband, John of Luxembourg. He was the son of Guy of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol and Mahaut of Châtillon and he married on 8 May 1405, Margaret de Baux, by whom he had nine children, including Jacquetta of Luxembourg, mother of Elizabeth Woodville Queen-Consort of Edward IV of England. John II of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny, inherited the title of Beauvois from his father, and the title of Ligny from his aunt, Jeanne of Luxembourg. On 23 November 1418, married Jeanne de Béthune, widow of Robert of Bar, Count of Marle and Soissons who had been killed at the Battle of Agincourt on 25 October 1415. John, who was an ally of the English during the Hundred Years War, received Joan of Arc as his prisoner and he was a statesman and a high-ranking churchman. His posts and clerical titles included Cardinal, Archbishop of Rouen, Chancellor of France, Governor of Paris, Bishop of Thérouanne, Administrator of Ely and he was buried in Ely Cathedral. Marguerite became the suo jure Countess of Brienne and Conversano, and her husband John also became Count of Brienne and of Conversano by right of his wife. She died on a date sometime after 1394. Her will was dated 19 September 1393 and her eldest son, Peter received her titles of Brienne and of Conversano. Through her son Peter and his wife, Margaret de Baux, Marguerite was an ancestress of Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville and her siblings, King Henry VIII of England, every English monarch after 1509 descended from her. Modern-day descendants include HM Queen Elizabeth II, the former Princess of Wales, Lady Diana, Lady Shirley, the Duchess of Cornwall, and the former Duchess of York
5. Conrad von Soest – He played a leading role in the introduction of this International Courtly Style to Northern Germany around 1390 and influenced German and Northern European painting into the late 15th century. He was the master of a workshop and was accepted into the social circle of the cosmopolitan patrician elite of Dortmund. Dortmund was then a leading and very prosperous member of the influential Hanseatic League and it shows scenes from the Life of the Virgin and the Passion of Christ, including the oldest known depiction of glasses north of the Alps. A contemporary local chronicle is written on the side of the central panel. Panel from a portable altarpiece for the Dortmund family of Berswordt with a depiction of St. Paul and with Reinoldus as a knight on the reverse side, dated to 1404. Two small panels, showing St. Odilia and St. Dorothea, painted around 1410, marienaltar, a large triptych with scenes from the Life of the Virgin, in the Marienkirche at Dortmund, dated to around 1420. The three panels have been cut in 1720 to fit into a huge baroque framework but are now reassembled in a modern framework, the lunette and predella of the altarpiece are lost. The last listing of his name in these membership lists appears in 1422, a painter Gerhard von Soyst, a very prosperous member of the Cologne painters guild, is recorded in 1417 as liable to additional wealth tax. As the name is not common and the ran in families. It is interesting in respect to note that the so-called Master of St. Veronica was familiar with Conrads workshop practices. As the name Conrad von Soest does not appear in the list of new citizens and as his contract was written in the form reserved for Dortmund citizens. The marriage contract, made before witnesses, between Conrad von Soest and Gertrude, daughter of Lambertes van Munster, is dated February 11,1349, the couple was able to dispose of a considerably sum each in this contract. The wealth of the groom and the eminent witnesses may well indicate that this was a second marriage, according to the membership list of the Confraternity of Mary of 1396, Conrad von Soest lived in the Ostenhellweg, Dortmunds principal thoroughfare. The list also refers to two other painters resident in the Ostenhellweg, Lambert and Hermann and it is unclear whether they were his journeymen, living in his house, or masters presiding over their own workshops in the same street. Since 1954, the Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe has awarded the Konrad-von-Soest Prize for Visual Arts, attribution Horst Appuhn, St. Marien in Dortmund, in, Konrad Lorenz, Die Ev
6. Srinatha – Srinatha was a well-known 15th-century Telugu poet who popularised the Prabandha style of composition. Srinatha worked as a minister in the court of Pedakomati Vemareddy of Kondaveedu and he managed to get his kings prestigious Knife Nandikanta Potaraju Katari which was taken away by Lingamanedu ruler of Devarakanda in return for his literary prowess. Srinatha produced and dedicated a host of books to kings and enjoyed a luxurious life, however, he seemed to have suffered from poverty at the end of his life. He was not the brother-in-law of another famous Telugu poet Potana as shown in the movies and he translated Shalivahana Gatha Saptashati in to Telugu from Prakrit. Prabandha can be described as a story in verse form with a metrical structure. Srinathas Srungara Naishadhamu is an example of the form. He is also credited with hundreds of poems called Chatuvulu in Telugu. He was widely regarded as the Kavi Sarvabhowma, Srinatha plays an important role in the Telugu film Bhakta Potana Produced, by the Vahini Studios, Madras in 1942. In this picture the great Telugu actor Late Sri Chittoor V. Nagaiah plays the role of Bammera Potana, after the death of his wife Srinatha leaves his daughter under the care of Potana. Srinatha was upset with the poverty of Potana in whose house his sister was also suffering along with his daughter, Srinatha was materialistic in his attitude, used to visit the courts of different kings, wrote poetry in their praise and enjoyed a luxurious life. Whenever he visited the house of Potana he used to them of their poverty and advised Potana to imitate him. But Potana refused to follow suit and remained firm in his devotion to Lord Sri Rama, in the end Srinatha realised his mistake and gladly gave away his daughter in marriage to the son of Potana who was an ordinary farmer. The tragedy is that Srinatha who enjoyed a life style. Peddana, another composer of Prabandhas
7. Gregory Tsamblak – Gregory Tsamblak or Grigorij Camblak, was a Bulgarian writer and cleric, metropolitan of Kiev between 1413 and 1420. He was born in the capital of the Bulgarian Empire Tarnovo into a rich family and his cousin was Cyprian, Metropolitan of Kiev. Tsamblak was a disciple of the prominent Bulgarian hesychast, writer and follower of Patriarch Evtimiy of Bulgaria, Tsamblak stayed in Serbia from 1402 until his departure Rus. In 1409 Gregory Tsamblak came to Kyiv, continued action of metropolitan of Kyiv Cyprians. In 1414 he became the metropolitan of Kyiv, participated in Council of Constance and called for the agreement and church connections. Tsamblak has been well-known and much appreciated in Kyivan Rus, Serbia, Tsamblak Hill on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Gregory Tsamblak
8. Violant of Bar – Violant of Bar was queen consort of Aragon by marriage to John I of Aragon. She served as Regent or Queen-Lieutenant of Aragon during in the place of her spouse from 1388 until 1395 and she was the daughter of Robert I, Duke of Bar and Marie of Valois. Violante was the eighth of eleven children and she was married in 1380 at the age of 15 to John, Duke of Girona, the heir apparent to the throne of Aragon, thus becoming Duchess of Girona and Countess of Cervera. Her husband became King of Aragon in 1387 and he was often ill, and Violante wielded considerable administrative power on his behalf, she was appointed regent the following year, in 1388, and governed Aragon as such for seven years. She transformed the Aragonese court into a center of French culture and she especially cultivated the talents of Provençal troubadours. After Johns death in 1395, she dedicated herself to the education of her surviving child. Yolande and her sons claimed the Kingdom of Aragon after Johns death, violant died in Barcelona on 13 August 1431 at the age of sixty-six. James, Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera Yolande, married on 2 December 1400 at Louis II of Naples and she played a role in the history of France. Ferdinand, Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera Joanna Antonia Peter, Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera
9. William II, Duke of Bavaria – Duke William II of Bavaria-Straubing KG was also count William IV of Holland, count William VI of Hainaut and count William V of Zeeland. He ruled from 1404 until 1417, when he died from an infection caused by a dog bite, William was a son of Albert I and Margaret of Brieg. William, allied with the Hooks, was in conflict with his father until 1394, in 1404 he succeeded him as Count of Holland, Zeeland and Hainaut and duke of Bavaria-Straubing. As a result, he was no longer, as count of Hainaut, Williams reign was marked by internal strife within the county of Holland. In particular, Lord John V of Arkel supported Williams enemies in Holland, William conquered Arkel in 1412, at which point John accepted his defeat and Arkel was annexed by Holland. William claimed Friesland as the count of Holland, duke William I of Bavaria-Straubing had previously sent five expeditions to conquer Friesland. Only Stavoren was captured in 1398, William II also sent expeditions to the region but Stavoren was regained by the Frisians in 1414. Prior to his death, William ensured his nobles swore allegiance to his only daughter, however, on Williams death in 1417, a war of succession broke out between his brother John, the bishop of Liège and his daughter Jacqueline of Hainaut. This would be the last episode of the Hook and Cod wars and finally place Holland, the duchy of Bavaria-Straubing was divided between the dukes of Bavaria, the major portion went to Bavaria-Munich in 1429