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Pages in category "1392 deaths"
The following 35 pages are in this category, out of 35 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1392 deaths.|
The following 35 pages are in this category, out of 35 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. William Douglas of Nithsdale – Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale was a Scottish knight and Northern Crusader. William Douglas was a son of Archibald the Grim, 3rd Earl of Douglas. A man of apparently dashing bearing, Douglas was with the Franco-Scots army when it unsuccessfully besieged Carlisle Castle in 1385 and he is recorded as there performing feats of valour and killing many Englishmen. According to the Liber Pluscarden, Egidia Stewarts beauty was well renowned, charles V of France had sent a certain most subtle painter to do her portrait and portray her charms, intending to take her to wife. But the King of France and all other of Egidias admirers had lost out to the charms of Douglas. As part of her marriage portion went the lands of Nithsdale in south-western Scotland, Herbertshire in the county of Stirling, within his first year of marriage the young Nithsdale led a punitive raid against Irish raiders who had been troubling the tenantry of his fathers Fiefdom of Galloway. In early summer 1388, with a party of 500 well prepared veteran men-at-arms he sailed into Carlingford Lough, landed outside the town, the chief of the townsfolk offered a sum for a temporary truce, to which Nithsdale agreed. Secretly the townsfolk sent off to Dundalk for reinforcements, with which they were obliged,800 spearmen from Dundalk surprised the Scots camp by night, and were supported by a sortie from Carlingford town. The Scots, veterans of years of brutal Border warfare, drove the Irishmen off, captured the town and burnt it, seized the Castle, en route back to Scotland Nithsdale ravaged the Isle of Man. The year after Otterburn a truce was called between Scotland and England, Nithsdale on a knightly quest for glory decided, about 1389, to join the Teutonic Knights, who were fighting the Lithuanians in eastern Europe. Nithsdale had previously quarrelled with Lord Clifford, an adversary at Carlisle. While both were abroad, it is alleged that Clifford challenged Nithsdale to single combat, and that Douglas even went to France to obtain special armour for the fight. Clifford, however, died on 18 August 1391, but Nithsdale is said to have kept their tryst, in 1391, Douglas was in the Baltic, and became involved in a brawl with Sir Thomas de Clifford, in which Douglas was killed. By Princess Egidia, Nithsdale had two children, Egidia Douglas, known as the Fair Maid of Nithsdale married,1, henry Sinclair, 2nd Earl of Orkney 2. Sir Alasdair Stewart son of Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany Sir William Douglas, Lord of Nithsdale, knighted when very young as he is described as chevalier in a safe-conduct dated 30 January 1406, when he could not have been more than nineteen. A History of the House of Douglas,2 vols, London,1902, the Douglas Book 4 vols, Edinburgh,1885. The Scots Peerage 9 vols, Edinburgh,1906
2. Hosokawa Yoriyuki – Hosokawa Yoriyuki was a samurai of the Hosokawa clan, and prominent government minister under the Ashikaga shogunate, serving as Kyoto Kanrei from 1367 to 1379. The first to hold this post, he solidified the power of the shogunate and he was also Constable of the provinces of Sanuki, Tosa, and Settsu. The son of Hosokawa Yoriharu, Yoriyuki served the shogunate as a commander, and fought the Yamana clan. He commanded shogunal forces in a number of battles, and while serving under Shogun Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Yoriyuki killed his cousin, Hosokawa Kiyouji, who had defected to the other side. Yoriyuki was appointed Shoguns Deputy in 1367, when Yoshiakira was very ill, on his deathbed, Ashikaga Yoshimitsu became shogun the following year, at the age of ten. For the next six years, Yoriyuki served as his chief minister, the government under his guidance was stern and just, and unruly vassals were subjected to a discipline not unlike that of the Hōjō Regency in its prime. To that end, he promulgated sumptuary laws, placing strict guidelines on the kinds of luxury items samurai could wear, and certain extravagant customs, such as the exchanging of New Years gifts. Several of these warlords, associated with the former Deputy Kō no Moronao, had been issuing orders and edicts in the name of the shogunate, Yoriyuki also saw to the development of the shogunates administrative procedures. Under the previous two shoguns, affairs were largely handled personally, with little organization or procedure. Under Yoriyukis guidance, administrative methods were established, and the governments operations organized to a significant degree, in 1379, he was asked by the shogun to resign
3. Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland – Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland, Marquess of Dublin, and 9th Earl of Oxford KG was a favourite and court companion of King Richard II of England. He was the ninth Earl of Oxford and the first and only Duke of Ireland, Robert de Vere was the only son of Thomas de Vere, 8th Earl of Oxford and Maud de Ufford. He succeeded his father as 9th Earl in 1371, and was created Marquess of Dublin in 1385, the next year he was created Duke of Ireland. He was thus the first marquess, and only the second non-princely duke, King Richards close friendship to de Vere was disagreeable to the political establishment. This displeasure was exacerbated by the elevation to the new title of Duke of Ireland in 1386. His relationship with King Richard was very close and rumored by Thomas Walsingham to be homosexual, Robert, Duke of Ireland, was married to Philippa de Coucy, the Kings first cousin. Robert had an affair with Agnes de Launcekrona, a Czech lady-in-waiting of Richards Queen, in 1387, the couple were separated and eventually divorced, Robert took Launcekrona as his second wife. In 1387, Ireland led Richards forces to defeat at Radcot Bridge outside Oxford and he fled the field and his forces were left leaderless and compelled into ignominious surrender. He was attainted and sentenced to death in absentia by the Merciless Parliament of 1388, fortuitously for him, he had already fled abroad into exile directly after Radcot Bridge. He died in or near Louvain in 1392, three years later, on the anniversary of his death,22 November 1395, Richard II had his embalmed body brought back to England for burial. It was recorded by the chronicler Thomas Walsingham that many magnates did not attend the ceremony because they had not yet digested their hatred of him. The king had the coffin opened to kiss his lost friends hand, after Irelands death, his uncle Sir Aubrey de Vere, was restored to the family titles and estates, becoming 10th Earl of Oxford. The Dukedom of Ireland and Marquessate of Dublin became extinct, magna Carta Ancestry, A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham
4. Isabella of Castile, Duchess of York – Isabella of Castile, Duchess of York was the daughter of King Peter and his mistress María de Padilla. She accompanied her sister, Constance, to England after Constances marriage to John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster. Isabella was the youngest of the three daughters of King Peter of Castile by his mistress, María de Padilla. According to Pugh, Isabella and Edmund of Langley were an ill-matched pair, according to Pugh, the possibility that Holland was the father of Isabellas favourite son, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, cannot be ignored. In her will Isabel named King Richard as her heir, requesting him to grant her son, Richard. Isabella died 23 December 1392, aged about 37, and was buried 14 January 1393 at the church of the Dominicans at Kings Langley. After Isabellas death, Edmund of Langley married Joan Holland, sister and co-heir of Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent, with whom his daughter, Isabella was appointed a Lady of the Garter in 1379. Edward served in administrative offices and military campaigns during the reigns of Richard II, Henry IV and Henry V. Constance was involved in a plot to abduct the young Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, in February 1405, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, who married Anne Mortimer, and was beheaded on 5 August 1415 for his role in the Southampton Plot. Isabella is depicted, ahistorically, as living in late December 1399 at the time of the Epiphany Rising in Act V of Shakespeares Richard II, the Complete Peerage, edited by Geoffrey H. White. Harriss, G. L. Richard, earl of Cambridge, Pugh, T. B. Henry V and the Southampton Plot of 1415. Magna Carta Ancestry, A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, britains Royal Families, The Complete Genealogy. Date accessed,21 October 2012 Liss, Peggy K. Isabel the Queen, New York, reston, James, Dogs of God, New York, Doubleday,2005
5. Jeong Mong-ju – Jeong Mong-ju, also known by his pen name Poeun, was a prominent Korean scholar-official and diplomat during the late Goryeo period. Jeong Mong-ju was born in Yeongcheon, Gyeongsang province to a family from the Yeongil Jeong clan, at the age of 23, he took three different civil service literary examinations and received the highest marks possible on each of them. In 1367, he became an instructor in Neo-Confucianism at the Gukjagam, then called Seonggyungwan, whilst simultaneously holding a government position, and was a faithful public servant to King U. The king had great confidence in his knowledge and good judgement. In 1372, Jeong Mong-ju visited Ming Dynasty, as a diplomatic envoy, around the time, as waegu s invasions to the Korean Peninsula were extreme, Jeong Mong-ju was dispatched as a delegate to Kyūshū in Japan, in 1377. His negotiations led to promises of Japanese aid in defeating the pirates and he traveled to the Ming Dynastys capital city in 1384 and the negotiations with the Chinese led to peace with Ming Dynasty in 1385. He also founded an institute devoted to the theories of Confucianism, Jeong Mong-ju was murdered because he refused to betray his loyalty to the Goryeo Dynasty. Yi Bang-won recited a poem to dissuade Jeong Mong-ju from remaining loyal to the Goryeo court, Yi Seong-gye is said to have lamented Jeong Mong-jus death and rebuked his son because Jeong Mong-ju was a highly regarded politician by the common people. The bridge where Jeong Mong-ju was murdered, now in North Korea, has now become a monument of that country. A brown spot on one of the stones is said to be Jeong Mong-jus bloodstain, currently, his direct surviving descendants are his 28th and 29th generation, all of whom reside in South Korea and the United States. The 474-year-old Goryeo Dynasty symbolically ended with Jeong Mong-jus death, and was followed by the Joseon Dynasty for 505 years, Jeong Mong-jus noble death symbolises his faithful allegiance to the king, and he was later venerated even by Joseon monarchs. In 1517,125 years after his death, he was canonised into the National Academy alongside other Korean sages such as Yi I, the 11th pattern of ITF Taekwon-Do is named after Poeun. The pattern is performed as part of the syllabus for the level of 2nd degree black belt. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Goryeo Dynasty, 하여가 이런들 어떠하리 저런들 어떠하리 此亦何如彼亦何如 만수산 드렁칡이 얽어진들 어떠하리 城隍堂後垣頹落亦何如 우리도 이같이 얽어져 백년까지 누리리라 我輩若此爲不死亦何如 What shall it be, this or that. The walls behind the temple of the citys deity* has fallen - shall it be this, or if we survive together nonetheless - shall it be that. Poeun Jip Poeun Sigo Portrayed by Park Joon-hyuk in 2012-13 South Korean television series The Great Seer, Portrayed by Im Ho in 2014 South Korean television series Jeong Do-jeon. Portrayed by Kim Eui-sung in 2015 South Korean television series Six Flying Dragons, List of Korea-related topics List of Goryeo people Korean philosophy Tears of Dragon, a South-Korean film. Jeong Do-jeon Kang, Jae-eun and Suzanne Lee, the Land of Scholars, Two Thousand Years of Korean Confucianism
6. Bertrand Lagier – Bertrand Lagier O. Min. was a French Franciscan and cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was bishop of Assisi in 1357, and bishop of Glandèves in France and he was made cardinal on 30 May 1371 by Pope Gregory XI, and then bishop of Ostia in April 1378 by Pope Urban VI. After the outbreak of the Great Western Schism he joined the obedience of the Avignon Antipope Clement VII, salvador Miranda, The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Lagier, Bertrand, retrieved, 2016-10-22
7. Mu Ying – Mu Ying was a general during the Ming Dynasty, and an adopted son of its founder, the Hongwu Emperor. Mu Ying was one of the few generals who survived the massacre of Hongwu. Mu Yings family was among them, special rules against abuse of power were implemented on the nobles. Mu and his descendants guarded Yunnan, a province near Burma and Vietnam, the surname Mu is also common among Chinese Muslims and is probably derived from Muhammad, although it is normally written with a different Chinese character. He concludes that He was probably descended from an old Muslim family, jonathan Neaman Lipman notes that Mu Ying is among a number of generals unambiguously claimed as Muslim by Sino-Muslim scholars mentioning specifically Bai Shouyi. He writes that There is considerable doubt among scholars as to the “Muslim” identity of most of these generals. Tazaka, Chugoku ni okeru kaikyo,861, for example, questions not only Chang Yuqun’s identification as a Huihui, the descendants of Mu Ying are featured in Louis Chas Wuxia novel The Deer and the Cauldron, set in the early Qing Dynasty. The Mu Prince Residence based in Yunnan is a secret organisation that houses the descendants of Mu Ying. Mu Jianping of the seven wives of Wei Xiaobao, and her brother Mu Jiansheng, are descendants of Mu Ying. http
8. Alexander Neville – Alexander Neville was a late medieval prelate who served as Archbishop of York from 1374 to 1388. Born in about 1340, Alexander Neville was a son of Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby. He was a member of the Neville family, one of the most powerful families in the north of England, Nevilles first known ecclesiastical appointment was as a canon of York Minster, holding the prebendary of Bole from 1361 to 1373. He became a claimant to the Archdeaconry of Cornwall from 1361 until it was set aside in 1371 and he was appointed Archbishop of York on 3 or 14 April 1374, having been elected by the chapter of York in November 1373 and received royal assent on 1 January 1374. He was consecrated to the episcopate at Westminster on 4 June 1374, on the Lords Appellant rising against King Richard II in 1386, however, Neville was accused of treason and it was determined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle. Neville fled, and Pope Urban VI, pitying his case, however, he never took possession of the see because the Scots acknowledged the Avignon papacy with their own candidate, Walter Trail. For the remainder of Nevilles life he served as a parish priest in Leuven, where he died in May 1392 and was buried there in the Church of the Carmelites
9. Sergius of Radonezh – Venerable Sergius of Radonezh, also transliterated as Sergey Radonezhsky or Serge of Radonezh, was a spiritual leader and monastic reformer of medieval Russia. Together with Venerable Seraphim of Sarov, he is one of the Russian Orthodox Churchs most highly venerated saints, the date of his birth is unclear, it could be 1314,1319, or 1322. His medieval biography states that he was born to Kiril and Maria, a family, near Rostov the Great. It is considered that it is the village Varnitsa near Rostov, the future saint received the baptismal name of Bartholomew in honor of the Apostle Bartholomew. Although an intelligent boy, Bartholomew had great difficulty learning to read and his biography states that a starets met him one day and gave him a piece of prosphora to eat, and from that day forward he was able to read. Orthodox Christians interpret the incident as being an angelic visitation, upon his parents death, Bartholomew went to Khotkovo near Moscow, where his older brother Stefan was a monk. He persuaded Stefan to find a secluded place to live the ascetic life. In the deep forest at Makovets Hill they decided to build a small cell, thus started the history of the great Trinity-St. In time, Stefan moved to a monastery in Moscow, varfolomei took monastic vows, taking the name Sergius, and spent more than a year in the forest alone as a hermit. Soon, however, other monks started coming to him and building their own cells, after some time, they persuaded him to become their hegumen, or father superior, and he was ordained to the priesthood. Following his example, all the monks had to live by their own labor, over time, more and more monks and donations came to this place. Nearby, there appeared a posad, which grew into the town of Sergiev Posad, when the news of Sergiuss accomplishments reached Patriarch Philotheus of Constantinople, he sent to him a monastic charter. During the reign of St. Dmitri Donskoi, his disciples started to spread his teaching across central and they settled intentionally in the most impracticable places and founded numerous monasteries, of which Borisoglebsky, Ferapontov, Kirillo-Belozersky and Vysotsky monasteries could be mentioned. St. Sergius was also connected with the foundation of two communities in Moscow, Andronikov and Simonov monasteries. All in all, the disciples of Sergius founded about 40 monasteries, thus extending the geographical extent of his influence. However, when Metropolitan Alexius asked him to become his successor, Sergius declined, as an ascetic, Sergius did not take part in the political life of the country. Some historians interpreted his political stance as aspiring to make peace, Sergius died on September 25,1392, and was glorified in 1452. His incorrupt relics were found in 1422 and placed in the new Trinity Cathedral of the lavra which he founded, the church commemorates him on September 25, the day of his death, and on July 5, the day his relics were uncovered