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The following 60 pages are in this category, out of 60 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1465 births.|
The following 60 pages are in this category, out of 60 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 1465 – Year 1465 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. January 29 – Amadeus IX becomes Duke of Savoy, january 30 – Charles VIII of Sweden is deposed. Clergyman Kettil Karlsson Vasa becomes Regent of Sweden, july 13 – Battle of Montlhéry, Troops of King Louis XI of France fight inconclusively against an army of the great nobles organized as the League of the Public Weal. July 24 – Former King Henry VI of England is captured by Yorkist forces and his queen consort Margaret of Anjou and Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, have fled to France. August 11 – In Sweden, Regent Kettil Karlsson Vasa, Bishop of Linköping, october 14 – Wallachian voivode Radu cel Frumos, younger brother of Vlad Țepeș, issues a writ from his residence in Bucharest, the earliest known document to mention the city by name. Moroccan Revolt in Fez, ousting the Maranid rulers and killing Jews, massive flooding in central and southern China motivates the initial construction of hundreds of new bridges
2. Ashikaga Yoshihisa – Ashikaga Yoshihisa was the 9th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1473 to 1489 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshihisa was the son of the eighth shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa with his wife Hino Tomiko, since the almost 30-year-old shogun Yoshimasa had no heir by 1464, he adopted his younger brother Ashikaga Yoshimi in order to succeed him. However, Yoshihisa was born in the year starting a struggle for succession between brothers that erupted into the Ōnin War starting in 1467, beginning the Sengoku period of Japanese history. In the middle of hostilities, Yoshimasa retired in 1473, relinquishing the position of Seii Taishogun to Yoshihisa, significant events shape the period during which Yoshihisa was shogun,1479 – Yoshihisas shogunal administration begins. 1489 – Yoshihisa dies in camp during campaign against Sasaki Takayori, after the Ōnin war, Rokkaku Takayori, daimyō of southern Ōmi Province, seized land and manors owned by nobles of the imperial court, temples, and shrines. In 1487, Yoshihisa led a campaign against Takayori but died unexpectedly, Yoshihisa was followed by his cousin, tenth shogun Ashikaga Yoshitane, the following year. The years in which Yoshihisa was shogun are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō, lessons from History, The Tokushi Yoron. ISBN9780702214851, OCLC7574544 Titsingh, Isaac, nihon Ōdai Ichiran, ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris, Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland
3. Hector Boece – Hector Boece, known in Latin as Hector Boecius or Boethius, was a Scottish philosopher and historian, and the first Principal of Kings College in Aberdeen, a predecessor of the University of Aberdeen. He was born in Dundee where he attended school and was educated at the nearby University of St Andrews, by 1497 he had become a professor of philosophy at the university. From then onwards, he worked closely with Elphinstone, to set up the new university and by 1505, the university structure was modelled on those of Paris and of Orléans. As intended, Boece was installed as the first principal of the university and gave lectures on medicine, at the end of 1534, Boece became Rector of Fyvie. He died in Aberdeen two years later at the age of 71, Boece wrote and published two books, one of biography and one of history. In 1522 he published the Vitae Episcoporum Murthlacensium et Aberdonensium and in 1527 the Historia Gentis Scotorum to the accession of James III of Scotland, the former was the basis of a poem in Scots by Alexander Gardyne. It was written in a flowing and pleasing style, became popular, by modern standards it is overly patriotic, and has many inaccuracies. The historical account of Macbeth of Scotland, in particular, flattered the antecedents of Boeces patron King James IV of Scotland, and greatly maligned the real Macbeth. The work was received at the time, both in Europe and in Scotland, after its translation from Latin into French and then in 1536 from Latin into Scots by John Bellenden. There are some glimpses in the Historia of contemporary Scotland, such as the statement that the Eurasian beaver, continuations of the Historia and its influence Boeces Historia as published terminated in 1438. In the early 1530s the scholar Giovanni Ferrerio, engaged by Robert Reid of Kinloss Abbey, wrote a continuation of Boeces history, extending it another 50 years, to the end of the reign of James III. John Lesley in his De Origine, Moribus, et Rebus Gestis Scotorum, the metrical translation into Scots by William Stewart, not published until the nineteenth century, also provided some expansion. The chronicler Polydore Vergil made some use of Boece for his 1534 Historia Anglica, david Chalmers of Ormond in his Histoire abbregée wrote about the French, English and Scottish monarchies, relying on Boece for the Scottish account. The Historia was translated into English for Raphael Holinsheds Chronicles of England, Scotland, the account in Holinsheds Chronicle was then used by William Shakespeare as the basis of his play Macbeth. George Buchanan made heavy use of Boece in his Rerum Scoticarum Historia, Boeces sources Boeces claimed sources fell into three classes. The works of John Fordun and Walter Bower defined the tradition which he attempted to make seamless, filling the gaps in the chronicle, and applying the approach common to humanists of his period. The works of Tacitus had been rediscovered, in the 14th century, and contained material relevant to British history, finally there was a group of sources that remain debated, material from Elphinstone, and the authors Veremundus, Cornelius Hibernicus, and John Campbell. No written record of these works survives, sharp criticism of the sourcing of Boeces history was voiced in the sixteenth century by Humphrey Lhuyd and John Twyne
4. Jeanne de Bourbon, Duchess of Bourbon – Jeanne de Bourbon was a daughter of John II, Count of Vendôme and Isabelle de Beauvau. Through her daughter Madeleine, she was the grandmother of French queen consort Catherine de Medici. She was a daughter of John II, Count of Vendôme and her maternal grandparents were Louis de Beauvau, Seneschal of Anjou and Marguerite de Chambley. Her paternal grandparents were Louis, Count of Vendôme and Jeanne of Laval, Louis had served as both Grand Chamberman of France and Grand Master of France. He was a prominent member of the Armagnac party, Louis was the second son of John I, Count of La Marche and Catherine of Vendôme. John was a prominent soldier in the Hundred Years War, John was in turn the second son of James I, Count of La Marche and Jeanne of Châtillon. James was a Constable of France but was killed in the Battle of Brignais, James was the second surviving son of Louis I, Duke of Bourbon and Mary of Avesnes. Louis served as a Grand Chamberman of France but gained a reputation for his mental instability. Louis was the eldest son of Robert, Count of Clermont, Beatrix was the heiress of the Bourbon family and the matriarch of the new Bourbon line of the Capetian dynasty. Robert was the youngest son of Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence and she married first John II, Duke of Bourbon in 1487. The groom was about sixty-one years old and the bride only twenty-two, John had survived two previous wives and his only son. He was in a need of an heir, however, they had one son, Louis. He was the heir but did not long survive his birth. John II died the year as his second and last known son. After becoming widowed, it is said that Charles VIII of France became so struck by Jeannes charms that he wished to marry her, a location for the wedding was even selected. However, his mother Queen Charlotte had another match in mind for her son, consequently, the Kings engagement with Jeanne was broken off. Desormeaux commented that Jeanne would have been Queen of France if beauty, Jeanne remained a widow for seven years. On 11 January 1495, Jeanne married her second husband John III and they had two daughters, Anne, married John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany
5. Frans van Brederode – Frans van Brederode was a rebel in Holland against the rule of king Maximilian of Germany, father and regent of Duke Philip the Handsome of Burgundy. Duke Philip was Count of Holland - Brederode belonged to the Hook faction in Holland, Brederode conquered Rotterdam in 1488 and tried to conquer many other cities. He was successful only in Woerden and Geertruidenberg in 1489 and he was defeated during the Battle of Brouwershaven in 1490, and subsequently died in prison of the wounds received during the battle. He was a son of Reinoud II van Brederode and Yolande van Lailang
6. Agostino Chigi – Agostino Andrea Chigi was an Italian banker and patron of the Renaissance. Born in Siena, he was the son of the prominent banker Mariano Chigi and he moved to Rome around 1487, collaborating with his father. Alum was an essential mordant in the textile industry, after the death of the Borgia pope Alexander VI and his short-lived Sienese successor Pius III Piccolomini, he helped Pope Julius II in the expenses attendant upon his election. The latter rewarded him, linking Chigi to the della Rovere family, the personal bond between the Pope and his banker remained close, Agostino accompanied Julius in the field in both his great military campaigns of 1506 and 1510. In 1511 Agostino was sent to Venice to buy Venetian support for the forces in the War of the League of Cambrai. Agostino established economic ties with the whole of Western Europe, at one time having up to 20,000 employees and his Venetian mistress Francesca Ordeaschi was the toast of Rome. His artistic protégés included almost all the figures of the early 16th century, Perugino, Sebastiano del Piombo, Giovanni da Udine, Giulio Romano, Sodoma. His splendid villa that he built on the shore of the Tiber, in Trastevere, bears the name of its later owners, for its design, Chigi employed the Sienese painter Baldassare Peruzzi, virtually untried as an architect. Sebastiano del Piombo, Giovanni da Udine, Giulio Romano, Sodoma, here Raphael frescoed his Triumph of Galatea
7. Laurentius Corvinus – Laurentius Corvinus was a Silesian scholar who lectured as an extraordinary professor at the University of Krakow when Nicolaus Copernicus began to study there. He also attracted a reputation as one of the finest Silesian poets of the early Renaissance and as an important agent for cultural and religious change in his adopted home of Breslau. Laurentius Corvinus was born as Laurentius Rabe in Neumarkt in Lower Silesia, about 30 km east of Legnica west of Vrotzuav, son of Barthel Rabe, a furrier and member of the local council. As a student at Kraków, he Latinized his name, possibly under the influence of Conrad Celtis, Corvinus was also close friend to another Silesian, Johannes Sommerfeld, who also taught at Kraków while Copernicus was there. He was influenced by Conrad Celtis and Copernicus befriended the group of humanists, after leaving Kraków, Corvinus worked as school rector and then city secretary at Schweidnitz. He then moved to Breslau to work as rector of St Elisabeths school and then as one of the senior city secretaries, Corvinus published humanistic writings and poems, many of them religious and philosophical in nature. He was greatly influenced by the Franciscan spirituality of St Bonaventure, in the spirit of Italian and German humanists he described his adopted home of Breslau in terms borrowed from classical mythology as the new home of the Muses. He was also involved in an exchange on religious matters with Stanisław Byliński, canon at Przemyśl. Albertum, Poloniae Regem, Ad Bacchum -
8. Ercole dei Fedeli – Ercole dei Fedeli was an Italian goldsmith and master sword engraver. His name has also recorded as Ercole da Ferrara, da Sesso, dei Fidelis. Born and raised in the Jewish tradition, he worked as a goldsmith in Ferrara, including for Eleanor of Naples, after his conversion to Christianity between March and November 1491, he assumed the name Ercole dei Fedeli, married a woman named Eleanor and fathered several children. In 1504 he is last recorded as working for Isabella dEste, a petition from 1521 by his wife and children, which does not name him, makes it appear likely that he had died by then. Ercole is known principally for his work as a sword engraver and his engravings are characterized by framing architectural arches, a great sense of movement in figurative scenes, and a very light, technically flawless stroke. Charles Émile Yriarte and some scholars attributed almost all Italian cinquedeas of his period to Ercole
9. Andrea Ferrucci – Andrea Ferrucci, also known as Andrea di Piero Ferruzzi and as Andrea da Fiesole, was an Italian sculptor who was born in Fiesole, Tuscany, in 1465. He was a first cousin once removed of the artist Francesco di Simone Ferrucci, according to Vasaris Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, Andrea Ferrucci was also a student of Michele Maini, also from Fiesole. He was working for King Ferdinand I of Naples in 1487 and married the daughter of Antonio di Giorgio Marchesi the King’s architect, from 1512 to 1518, he superintended the work on the Duomo of Florence, for which he himself executed a statue of Saint Andrew. His half-length bust of Marsilio Ficino adorns Santa Maria del Fiore and his greatest work is a baptismal font at Pistoia. Fiesole cathedral possesses a marble reredos from his hand, and the Bargello, Andrea Ferrucci was the teacher of Silvio Cosini and Giovanni Mangone. He died in Florence in 1526, apfelstadt, Eric, Andrea Ferruccis Crucifixion Altar-Piece in the Victoria and Albert Museum, The Burlington Magazine, Vol.135, No. Vasari, Giorgio, Le Vite delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori, Witt Library, A Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 Represented in the Witt Library, Courtauld Institute of Art, London, London, Mansell Information Publishing,1978
10. Beatriz Galindo – Beatriz Galindo, sometimes spelled Beatrix, was a Spanish Latinist and educator. She was a writer, humanist and a teacher of Queen Isabella of Castile and she was one of the most educated women of her time. There is uncertainty about her date of birth, some believe it is 1464 or 1474. She was also known as La Latina, Beatriz Galindo was born in a family of Zamoran origin in the lower nobility of hidalgos, formerly wealthy but almost destitute. It is likely that she was at one time a student of the great Spanish scholar Antonio de Nebrija and she was nicknamed La Latina for her skill in Latin, and was appointed tutor to the children of Queen Isabella of Castile. She taught Catherine of Aragon, the wife of Henry VIII of England, and Joanna of Castile. She wrote in Latin, producing poetry, and a commentary on Aristotle, in December 1491 she married Francisco Ramirez de Madrid. She was one of the first women to be active in life during the renaissance. It is reported that she dressed in the habit of a nun or abbess and she founded the Hospital of the Holy Cross in 1506 in Madrid, which still exists. The neighborhood in Madrid where she lived is known today as La Latina from her nickname. There are statues of her in Salamanca and Madrid, on Calle Goya 10 in Madrid lies the Beatriz Galindo Secondary School. In Salamanca there is an education and primary school that also takes her name. Francisca de Lebrija Luisa de Medrano The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science By Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie, ISBN 978-0-415-92039-1 The Hidden Giants Women in Science by starlady. Accessed July 2008 Womens History by Jone Johnson Lewis at About. com
11. Mercurino Gattinara – Mercurino Arborio marchese di Gattinara was an Italian statesman and jurist. Gattinara was a humanist, imperialist, and conservationist and he was made a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church in 1529. He was born in Gattinara, near Vercelli, modern Piedmont, Mercurino Gattinara initially served as the legal advisor to Margaret of Austria in Savoy. She considered him as chief amongst her various counselors, Mercurino Gattinara is however mostly famous for having served as Emperor Charles Vs “Grand Chancellor of all the realms and kingdoms of the king. ”Upon the death of Charles counselor Chièvres, Gattinara would become the king’s most influential advisor. He was a Roman Catholic, humanist, Erasmian, jurist and scholar—at the same time idealist in his goals and he was a scholar of jurisprudence, the classic theory of the state, and the Christian doctrine of duty. Gattinara would guide Charles away from both his roots in dynastic Burgundy, and from the secular political theory of Spain at the time. His ideas of the primacy of the Empire in Europe were in contradiction with the growing trend toward the theory of the nation state. In his capacity as Chancellor, he urged Charles V to create an empire with the object of establishing global rule. His theory attempted to balance the solidarity of Christian nations, with the requirements of conquest for the establishment of one world empire, Gattinara was instrumental in shifting Charles V’s policy vision from that of a regional dynastic monarch to an empire-builder. Another goal espoused by Gattinara was to unite Christendom against the Turk, there was little practical basis for achieving such an understanding between the European powers, however. Gattinara’s own summation of his views included the goal of laying the foundations for a policy that was truly imperial, leading to a general war on the infidel. His first objective was the Emperor’s voyage to Italy as soon as the fleet was ready, Gattinara concealed the reason for expanding the fleet by reference to the troubles in Mexico. At every fresh opportunity Gattinara was for “taking time by the forelock” and this would function as a permanent guarantee of peace, not only on the peninsula, but in all Europe. Gattinara’s views were rooted in Dante, despite having to many practical setbacks. He faced deep-seated opposition to the council, and Gattinara began to acknowledge that many were against his plan. Many Spaniards suspected Gattinara of having interests in Italy, as so his motives were questioned, Gattinara held Dante’s dream of universal monarchy as the ultimate goal of Charles V’s rule, united both Christendom, and eventually the world. These ideas were in line with some of Charles’s other advisors, imperial ambassador at Henry VIII’s court, M. The Emperor was seen as the reviver of the Roman universal Monarchy who could put an end to the feudal and dynastic conflicts, and establish a democratic imperium
12. Kunigunde of Austria – Kunigunde of Austria was an Austrian Archduchess member of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Duchess of Bavaria-Munich and since 1503 over all Bavaria. She was the daughter of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Eleanor of Portugal, born in Wiener Neustadt, Kunigunde was the fourth of five children born to the Imperial couple, however, only she and her older brother Maximilian survived to adulthood. She grew up in an informal and open atmosphere, without rigid court etiquette, contrary to former practice, she learned not only to read, write, and embroider, but also received instruction in riding and hunting, astronomy and mathematics. Like most daughters of families, since her early years Kunigunde was involved in the political intrigues of her time. In 1470 King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary requested her hand, however, at the age of fifteen, in 1480, Kunigunde made her formal presentation in Vienna during the visit of George, Duke of Bavaria, called the Rich to Frederick IIIs court. Kunigunde married Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria-Munich in 1487 against the will of her own father, in spite of her resignation from court life, she tried to influence the politics of the state as she acted in favour of the rights of her younger sons. She was in contact with her brother, Emperor Maximilian I. With Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria-Munich she had Seven children, betrothed to Louis V, Elector Palatine, she died before the wedding took place. Sibylle, married in 1511 to Louis V, Elector Palatine, sabina, married in 1511 to Duke Ulrich I of Württemberg. Ernest, an official in Passau, Archbishop in Salzburg. Susanna, married firstly in 1518 to Margrave Casimir of Brandenburg and secondly in 1529 to Otto Henry, Count Palatine of Neuburg, after the death of Albert in 1508 she later joined the Convent of Püttrich which she favoured and lived there until her death in 1520. Women in power Cloister of Püttrich Biography Article in the Biographische Lexikon des Kaiserthums Österreich
13. Gerard Horenbout – Gerard Horenbout was a Flemish miniaturist, a late example of the Flemish Primitives. He is likely and widely accepted to be the Master of James IV of Scotland, Horenbout lived and worked in Ghent and is best known a manuscript illustrator. He also made stained glass, tapestries, embroidery designs, ironworks, first mentioned in 1487, when he joined the painters Guild of Saint Luke. He was married to Margaret Svanders soon after joining the guild and they had six children, two of whom were the artists Lucas Horenbout and Susanna Hornebolt. There were also sons Eloy and Joris, Lucas, Susanna and at least one more his sons was trained by Horenbout to be a painters. He had at least two apprentices, one in 1498, and one in 1502, in 1515, he was made painter to Archduchess Margaret of Austria, and also briefly worked at the court of Henry VIII in England. He was visited by Albrecht Dürer in 1521, when Dürer bought an illustrated manuscript made by his daughter Susanna Horenbout and his son Lucas Horenbout was also a well-known painter. His wife, Margaret Svanders, or van Saunders, died in 1529 and he made the brass plaque found at All Saints Church in Fulham and he died about 1540 or 1541. Miniatures in the Breviary for Eleanor of Portugal, ca,1525, in the Museum of Fine Arts, Ghent
14. Diogo Lopes de Sequeira – D. Diogo Lopes de Sequeira was a Portuguese fidalgo, sent to analyze the trade potential in Madagascar and Malacca, he arrived at Malacca on 11 September 1509. He left the year when he discovered that Sultan Mahmud Shah. This gave Afonso de Albuquerque the opportunity to embark upon his expeditions of conquests, Sequeira was subsequently made governor of Portuguese India, and in 1520 led a military campaign into the Red Sea which hastened the first legitimate Portuguese embassy to Ethiopia. Quinn, Cecil H. Clough, Paul Edward Hedley Hair, The European outthrust and encounter, p
15. Mehmed I Giray – Mehmed I Giray, Mukhamad Khan Girai, known as Great — a khan of the Crimean Khanate in 1515 –1523. Son of Meñli I Giray, inherited power after his fathers death, in 1520 signed a temporary alliance with king of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Zygmunt I Stary, against Muscovy. In 1521 he took Kazan, where he put his brother, leading a large Tatar army he defeated Vasili III of Russia near Moscow. He was married to Nurum Sultan Khatun, daughter of Hasan Bey, of the Manghits
16. Francisco de Osona – Francisco de Osona, also Francisco de Osona the Younger, was a Spanish Renaissance painter. There has been confusion between Francisco and his father Rodrigo de Osona. However, while the activity of Rodrigo ended with his death in 1518, Francisco died before him much younger in 1514. The second table of the Epiphany, preserved in London, is signed by The teachers son Rodrigo, in which, on the contrary, there seems to have more traditional trend seen in the works of the father. Francisco has been credited with Christ before Pilate in the Museu de Belles Arts de València, as well as The Adoration of the Magi in the Victoria, the work of two Osona artists, along with Paolo de San Leocadio, form the basis for Spanish classicism in painting. Tramoyeres Blasco, Luis, The Valencian Quattrocento, Osona Maestro Rodrigo and his son of the name, Spanish Culture. TORMO Y MONZÓ, E. Rodrigo de Osona, father and son, TORMO Y MONZÓ, E. Rodrigo de Osona, father and son, and his school, Spanish Archive of Art and Archaeology, t.9, No
17. Konrad Peutinger – Conrad Peutinger was a German humanist, jurist, diplomat, politician, and economist. A senior official in the government of the Imperial City of Augsburg, he served as a counselor to Emperor Maximilian I. Also known as an antiquarian, he collected, with the help of his wife Margareta Welser. He was born in Augsburg, the son of a merchant family. He studied law at the universities of Padua and Bologna in Italy, Peutingers accounts were a valuable source for later historians like Theodor Kolde. He was on terms with the Habsburg emperor Maximilian I. Peutinger, a proponent of economic liberalism, mediated between the Imperial estates and the Augsburg Fugger and Welser families. When in 1534 the citizens of Augsburg turned Protestant, he retired from public offices, Peutinger corresponded with notable contemporary humanist scholars like Erasmus of Rotterdam, Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck and Willibald Pirckheimer. During the global spread of the press he studied numerous classical philologic. In 1520 he was one of the first to publish Roman inscriptions, Peutingers name is mainly associated with the famous Tabula Peutingeriana, a medieval copy of a late antique world map of Roman roads from the British Isles up to India and Central Asia. It was discovered by the Viennese scholar Conrad Celtes, who in 1507 handed it over to Peutinger for publication, parts of the map were not published until 1591 by the Antwerp-based publishing house of Jan Moretus and in 1598 by Peutingers relative Marcus Welser and Abraham Ortelius. Rediscovered in 1714, it was archived at the Vienna Imperial Library, Peutinger also first printed the Getica of Jordanes and the Historia Langobardorum of Paulus Diaconus. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh. Http, //www. livius. org/pen-pg/peutinger/map. html Three unknown formulas of the humanist Konrad Peutinger on www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov Conrad Peutinger. Online Galleries, History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries High resolution images of works by and/or portraits of Konrad Peutinger in. jpg and. tiff format
18. Philibert I, Duke of Savoy – Philibert I, surnamed the Hunter, was the son of Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy and Yolande of Valois. Philibert was Duke of Savoy from 1472 to 1482, after his fathers death in 1472, his mother became regent. He married in 1476 to his cousin Bianca Maria Sforza and had no children, therefore, his duchy was inherited by his younger brother Charles