Category:14th-century Christian saints
Pages in category "14th-century Christian saints"
The following 83 pages are in this category, out of 83 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 83 pages are in this category, out of 83 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Abraham of Galich – Venerable Abraham Galitzki or Abramius of Galich was an abbot of the Russian Orthodox Church. He was a disciple of Sergius of Radonezh, and later went on to found four monasteries on Chukhloma Lake and he died about 1375 at the Gorodets monastery he had founded. He is venerated as a saint in the Russian Orthodox Church, a Biographical Dictionary of the Saints. Repose of the Venerable Abramius of Galich or Chukhom Lake, and Disciple of the Venerable Sergius of Radonezh, Orthodox Church in America
2. Abraham of Smolensk – Abraham of Smolensk was a monk of Smolensk, his birthplace, where he became a monk of the Bogoroditzkaja monastery. He is historically regarded as a miracle worker, as a monk, he engaged in extensive preaching and biblical study. He is considered to be a figure in pre-Mongol Russia. He is described as being a man of stern and militant character and he was very popular among the laity, as he worked for the sick and troubled. He was less popular with the local clergy, who came to view him with enmity. This animosity led ultimately to several moral and theological charges being brought against him, based on these charges, the local bishop of Smolensk took disciplinary measures against Abraham, which cast a cloud over his character for five years. He was said to have been justified by a miracle. At that time, the bishop reopened the case against Abraham, acquitted him against the charges leveled against him, Abraham would spend the rest of his life peacefully following his calling there, dying there peacefully in 1221. A biography by his disciple Ephraem has survived and his feast day is celebrated on August 21 in all of the Russian church, and also in the Roman Catholic Church. Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John, a Biographical Dictionary of the Saints
3. Agnes of Montepulciano – Agnes of Montepulciano, O. P. was a Dominican prioress in medieval Tuscany, who was known as a miracle worker during her lifetime. She is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church, Agnes was born in 1268 into the noble Segni family in Gracciano, a frazione of Montepulciano, then part of the Papal States. At the age of nine, she convinced her parents to allow her to enter a Franciscan monastery of women in the city known as the Sisters of the Sack and they live a simple, contemplative life. She received the permission of the pope to be accepted into this life at such a young age, normally against Church law. In 1281, the lord of the castle of Proceno, a fief of Orvieto, Agnes was among the nuns sent to found this new community. At the age of fourteen, she was appointed bursar, in 1288 Agnes, despite her youth at only 20 years of age, was noted for her devotion to the Blessed Sacrament and deep life of prayer, and was elected as the abbess of the community. There she gained a reputation for performing miracles, people suffering from mental and physical ailments seemed cured by her presence and she was reported to have multiplied loaves, creating many from a few on numerous occasions, recalling the Gospel miracle of the loaves and fishes. She herself, however, suffered severe bouts of illness which lasted long periods of time, in 1306 Agnes was recalled to head the monastery in Montepulciano. Agnes reached a degree of contemplative prayer and is said to have been favored with many visions. After her return, she proceeded to build a church, Santa Maria Novella, to honor the Blessed Mother, as she felt she had been commanded to do in a mystical vision several years earlier. She also had a vision of St. Dominic Guzman, under the inspiration of which she led the nuns of her monastery to embrace the Rule of St. Augustine as members of the Dominican Order. She was frequently called upon to bring peace to the families of the city. By 1316, Agnes health had declined so greatly that her doctor suggested taking the cure at the springs in the neighboring town of Chianciano Terme. The nuns of the community prevailed upon her to take his recommendation, while many of the other bathers reported being cured of their illnesses, Agnes herself received no benefit from the springs. Her health failed to such a degree that she had to be carried back to the monastery on a stretcher, Agnes died the following 20 April, at the age of forty-nine. The Dominican friars attempted to obtain balsam to embalm her body and it was found, however, to be producing a sweet odor on its own, and her limbs remained supple. When her body was moved years after her death to the monastery church and her tomb became the site of pilgrimages. Some fifty years later, a Dominican friar, the Blessed Raymond of Capua and he described her body as still appearing as if she were alive
4. Albert of Trapani – Saint Albert of Trapani, was a Sicilian saint. Born in Trapani, he entered the Carmelite monastery there at a young age and was later transferred to the Carmelite house at Messina. He worked as a mendicant preacher to the Sicilians, the lifting of a siege at Messina is attributed to him. In 1301, the city was under siege and blockaded by Duke Robert of Calabria, responding to pleas for succor, Albert celebrated Mass. As he finished, three ships loaded with grain ran the blockade, saved from starvation, the city was saved as Robert lifted the siege. His cultus was confirmed in 1454 and he was canonized on May 31,1476, the Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin contains some of his relics. On his feast day, a relic of the saint is dipped into the water of St. Alberts Well and is said to grant healing of body and mind those who use the water. Alberts skull is contained in a statue crafted in the 18th century by the engraver Vincenzo Bonaiuto. Albert is the saint of Trapani
5. Angela of Foligno – Angela of Foligno, T. O. S. F. was an Italian Franciscan tertiary who became known as a mystic from her extensive writings about her mystical revelations. Due to the respect they engendered in the Catholic Church, she is known as Mistress of Theologians, the Catholic Church declared Angela to be a saint in 2013. Angelas birth date, which is not known with certainty, is listed as 1248. She was born into a family at Foligno, in Umbria. Married, perhaps at an age, she had several children. Angela reports that she loved the world and its pleasures, around the age of 40, she reportedly had a vision of St. Francis and recognized the emptiness of her life. From that time, she began to lead a life devoted to higher perfection, three years later, Angelas mother died, followed, a few months later, by her husband and children. With one serving woman, Masazuola, as her companion, she began to divest herself of her possessions, Angela joined the Third Order of St. Francis, probably in 1291. She placed herself under the direction of a Franciscan friar named Arnoldo, considered a great medieval mystic, Angela is said to have received mystical revelations, which she dictated to a scribe in the late 13th century. These accounts are contained in a compilation of two works, usually published under the title Il Libro della Beata Angela da Foligno, Angela recorded the history of her conversion in her Book of Visions and Instructions. She dictated, in her Umbrian dialect, an account of her progress, known as the Memoriale. This work was begun in 1292. The Memorial is the first part of two sections of Angela of Folignos Liber, the second text is known as Instructions and is composed of thirty-six instructional texts, a note about her death, and an epilogue. These texts appear in different orders in different manuscripts, and there is not known to be one correct order, the text was finished by 1298, and submitted to Cardinal James of Colonna and eight Friars Minor, who gave it their approval. It seems that Brother A. revised it shortly after, in 1299-1300, the final version of the Book appends a series of 36 Instructions to the Memorial. These reflect Angela’s teaching during this period and these teachings are rather more conventional in tone and have differences in vocabulary and emphasis from the Memorial – which may reflect redaction by several hands. Nevertheless, the Instructions seem to reflect Angela’s teaching, albeit at some remove, no one can be saved without divine light. Divine light causes us to begin and to progress
6. Anna of Kashin – Saint Anna of Kashin was a Russian princess from the Rurik Dynasty, who was canonized in 1650. Anna was a daughter of Prince Dmitry Borisovich of Rostov and a great-granddaughter of Prince Vasily of Rostov, from her earliest years, Anna was brought up strictly Christian. She was taught the virtues of humility and obedience and her teacher was Saint Ignatius, Bishop of Rostov, who was noted for strict selflessness and pacifism. Like all royal daughters of her time, Anna learned different kinds of needlework, when the princess grew up, Princess Xenia of Tver, second wife of Grand Prince Yaroslav of Tver sent ambassadors to Rostov with a request to marry Anna to her son Mikhail. The embassy was successful, and Anna became the wife of Prince Mikhail, Princess Annas marriage to Prince Mikhail took place on 8 November 1294 in the Preobrazhensky cathedral of Tver. In celebration of this event, dwellers in the city of Kashin built the Saint Michael Church, in the Kashin Uspensky cathedral a special Feast was established and celebrated annually on 8 November. Soon after that, Anna and Mikhails first-born daughter, Feodora, fell severely ill, in 1296, another fire destroyed their palace, and the prince and princess were barely rescued. In 1317, a war began between her husband and Prince Yury of Moscow, in 1318 the princess said goodbye to her husband forever, who was summoned to the Horde, where he was brutally tortured to death on 22 November 1318. Only in July of the year did Anna hear about her husbands martyrdom. Learning that Mikhails remains had been brought to Moscow, she sent an embassy there, in 1325, her eldest son, Dimitry, was tortured in the Horde. In 1327, her son, Alexander, broke the Tartar army. In revenge Uzbeg Khan gathered a new army and destroyed Tver, for ten years, Anna did not see her son, and in 1339 Prince Alexander and his son Feodor were killed by the Horde. After the death of Prince Mikhail, Anna carried out an old desire in silence to work only for God and she took vows in Sofias monastery in Tver and adopted the name Evfrosiniya. In 1365 the youngest son of the princess, Vasiliy, her only child remaining alive by that time, the Uspensky monastery was built in Kashin, and there the saint accepted the schema with the name of Anna. She died of old age on 2 October 1368, and was buried in the temple of the Blessed Virgin. The name of the Princess Anna was forgotten for many centuries and her relics were reported to work miracles. The synod of the Russian Orthodox Church convened in 1649 and declared her relics worthy of a universal homage, the princess was glorified as a saint. Twenty-eight years later, Patriarch Joachim addressed the Moscow Synod with a suggestion to decanonize her because of the uncommon veneration, despite numerous efforts of the Church authorities to correct the situation, her hand always went back to the same two-fingered position
7. Anthony, John, and Eustathius – Anthony, John, and Eustathius are saints and martyrs of the Russian Orthodox Church. Their feast day is celebrated on April 14 in the horologion and they were attached to the Muscovite missionaries dispatched to the court of Algirdas, pagan Grand Duke of Lithuania. Algirdas was married to an Orthodox Christian princess, Maria of Vitebsk, the three youths were arrested for preaching in public, and were ordered by Algirdas to consume meat in his presence during an Orthodox fasting period. When they refused, they were tortured and executed and their relics are said to be incorruptible. They were added to the Roman Calendar by Blessed Pope Paul VI in 1969. Anthony, John, and Eustathius of Vilna Saint of the Day, April 14, Antony, Eustace, and John Martyr Anthony of Vilnius, Lithuania at Orthodox Church in America Icon at Orthodox Church in America