|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1508 deaths.|
Pages in category "1508 deaths"
The following 79 pages are in this category, out of 79 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1508 deaths.|
The following 79 pages are in this category, out of 79 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 1508 – Year 1508 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. February – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor attacks the Republic of Venice, march 22 – Ferdinand II of Aragon appoints Amerigo Vespucci to the post of Chief Navigator of Spain. June 6 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces, he is forced to sign a 3-year truce, august – Lebna Dengel succeeds his father Naod as Emperor of Ethiopia. Due to his age, his grandmother Eleni acts as regent. December – Michelangelo begins painting the Sistine Chapel ceiling in the Holy See of Rome on a commission by Pope Julius II. December 10 – The League of Cambrai is formed as an alliance against the Republic of Venice between Pope Julius II, Louis XII of France, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and Ferdinand II of Aragon
2. Isaac Abarbanel – Isaac ben Judah Abarbanel, commonly referred to just as Abarbanel, also spelled Abravanel or Abrabanel, was a Portuguese Jewish statesman, philosopher, Bible commentator, and financier. Abravanel was born in Lisbon, Portugal, into one of the oldest and most distinguished Jewish Iberian families, the Abravanel family, who had escaped massacre in Castile in 1391. A student of the rabbi of Lisbon, Joseph Chaim, he well versed in rabbinic literature and in the learning of his time. Abravanel is quoted as saying that he included Joseph ibn Shem-Tov as his mentor, at twenty years old, he wrote on the original form of the natural elements, on religious questions and prophecy. Together with his abilities, he showed a complete mastery of financial matters. This attracted the attention of King Afonso V of Portugal who employed him as treasurer and he used his high position and the great wealth he had inherited from his father, to aid his co-religionists. When his patron, Afonso captured the city of Arzila, in Morocco, Abravanel contributed largely to the funds needed to free them, and personally arranged for collections throughout Portugal. He also wrote to his learned and wealthy friend, Vitale Nissim da Pisa, on behalf of the captives. After the death of Afonso he was obliged to relinquish his office, having been accused by King John II of connivance with the Duke of Braganza, Abravanel, warned in time, saved himself by a hasty flight to Castile in 1483. His large fortune was confiscated by royal decree, at Toledo, his new home, he occupied himself at first with Biblical studies, and in the course of six months produced an extensive commentary on the books of Joshua, Judges, and Samuel. But shortly afterward he entered the service of the house of Castile, during the Moorish war, Abravanel advanced considerable sums of money to the king. When the Jews were ordered banished from Spain with the Alhambra decree and he unsuccessfully offered the king 30,000 ducats. He left Spain with his fellow Jews and went to Naples where, soon after, several times during the mid-to-late 15th century, he personally spent large amounts of his personal fortunes to bribe the Spanish Monarchy to permit the Jews to remain in Spain. It is claimed that Abravanel offered them 600,000 crowns for the revocation of the edict, in the end, he managed only to get the date for the expulsion to be extended by two days. He died in Venice in 1508 and was buried in Padua next to Rabbi Judah Minz, owing to the destruction of the Jewish cemetery there during the Siege of Padua in 1509, his grave is now unknown. Abravanel wrote many works during his lifetime which are categorized into three groups, exegesis, philosophy, and apologetics. His philosophy dealt with the sciences and how the field relates to the Jewish religion and traditions. Abravanel’s exegetic writings were different from the biblical commentaries because he took social and political issues of the times into consideration
3. Abu Bakr al-Aydarus – Abu Bakr led most of his adult life in Aden, where he was well respected for his societal contributions to the well-being of the citys residents. After his death in 1508, he was mourned by the citys residents, Abu Bakr was born in Tarim in 1447. In his youth, Abu Bakr studied the teachings of Al-Ghazali, Abu Bakr oversaw the construction of the citys mosque and its Sufi school, and later settled down in the city. Nevertheless, he made return trips to his family in Tarim. He was highly respected by the residents, who described him as a very brilliant. Abu Bakr was also respected by members of the local Jewish community, Abu Bakr also travelled to Harar after settling in Aden and introduced the Qadiriyyah Tariqa among the Ethiopian natives. According to the Tarikh of an-Najm al-Ghazzi, Abu Bakr became impressed with the strong stimulating effect of the fruit after he ate the berries of a coffee tree during his wanderings. He praised the effects of the fruit, took the coffee berries. Abu Bakrs death in 1508 was greatly mourned by the Adenis, the city residents published copies of obituaries commemorating the life of Abu Bakr, and an account of Abu Bakrs birthplace, Tarim was also published. His grave has since been visited by thousands of Muslim pilgrims every year who continue to pay their respects, the Sikh, who was suffering from a stomachache, fell asleep beside his tomb. In his dream, Abu Bakr instructed the Sikh to bathe in a nearby pond, the Sikh met Abu Bakr again after his return to India, who narrated to Abu Bakr of his difficulty of bringing wood to Yemen for the construction of the mosques doors. Abu Bakr provided instructions to the Sikh on the fate of the logs, to which he duly followed. Residents at Sira later reported of receiving the wooden logs which the Sikh had thrown into the sea, the mosque later became the centre of Sufi learning in Aden, and several of his descendants took on the duty of the mosques custodians. Renovations works were initiated during the 19th century and again in the 1990s, after relocating to Aden, Abu Bakr raised a family of his own and started off a new lineage. The al-ʿAydarūs clan was an offshoot of the Ba Alawiyya as-Saqqaf clan of Tarim, many of his descendants established trading links with the Bedouins and the Quaiti sultans and took up prominent political positions
4. Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria – Duke Albert IV of Bavaria-Munich, from 1467 Duke of Bavaria-Munich, from 1503 Duke of the reunited Bavaria. Albert was a son of Albert III, Duke of Bavaria, after the death of his older brother John IV, Duke of Bavaria he gave up his spiritual career and returned from Pavia to Munich. When his brothers Christoph and Wolfgang had resigned Albert became sole duke, after Sigismunds death in 1501, it reverted to Bavaria-Munich. The marriage of Kunigunde of Austria to Albert IV, was a result of intrigues and deception, Albert illegally took control of some imperial fiefs and then asked to marry Kunigunde, offering to give her the fiefs as a dowry. Frederick agreed at first, but after Albert took over yet another fief, Regensburg, on January 2,1487, however, before Fredericks change of heart could be communicated to his daughter, Kunigunde married Albert. A war was prevented only by intermediation by the Emperors son, for Alberts wedding the Grünwald castle was extended in 1486/87 by Jörg von Weikertshausen. Albert finally decided to return territorial acquisitions in Swabia in 1492 to avoid a war with the Habsburg and the Swabian League. He then also had to release Regensburg which had been reunited with Bavaria in 1486 and had to renounce Further Austria when Sigismund, for the Palatinate branch a new duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg was created. To avoid any future division of Bavaria, Albert decreed the everlasting succession of the prince in 1506. Nevertheless, his oldest son and successor William IV, Duke of Bavaria had to share his power from 1516 onwards with his younger brother Louis X, after the death of Louis in 1545, the edict became effective until the end of Bavarian monarchy in 1918. Albert is buried in the Frauenkirche in Munich, on 3 January 1487 he married to Archiduchess Kunigunde of Austria, daughter of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Eleonore of Portugal
5. Beatrice of Naples – Beatrice of Naples, also known as Beatrice of Aragon, was the daughter of Ferdinand I of Naples and Isabella of Clermont. She was twice Queen of Hungary and of Bohemia, having married both Matthias Corvinus and Vladislaus II, Beatrice received a good education at her fathers court in Naples. She was engaged in 1474 and married Matthias in Hungary 22 December 1476, again in 1488, Matthias took Ancona under his protection for a while, occupying it with a Hungarian garrison. Beatrice exerted some influence in the policy of Hungary and she wished to participate in policy, in 1477, she accompanied Matthias during the invasion of Austria, and in 1479, she was present during the peace treaty between Matthias and Vladislaus II. In 1479, their relationship became tense when Matthias awarded his illegitimate son John Corvinus with a fief and invited Johns mother, Barbara Edelpock, Matthias died before Beatrice ever conceded that his son János should be the rightful heir. Upon his death in 1490, Beatrice managed to keep a position by the support of the Hungarian nobility. After the death of Matthias Corvinus, she wrote a letter to Simon Keglevich, she addressed this letter to king Simon Keglevich and she offered him to become as a mother to his children. He declined this offer, he delivered this letter to the parliament and she presided as a royal representative at the parliament where the next king was elected, with the Hungarian crown placed at her side. It is believed she could not control Janos and was claimed illegitimate by her second husband, Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary wrote in the same year 1490 many letters with the same text to many of the Hungarian nobility. Beatrice married her husband, Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary. Beatrice had great support by the Hungarian nobility, and the nobility had demanded of Vladislav that he marry her and this marriage was yet again childless. Formally, the marriage was questioned, as her spouse was not granted a divorce from his first wife by the pope. Her husband claimed that he did not regard the marriage as legal, and that he had forced to marry her against his will, and in 1493. In 1500, the declared the marriage to be illegal. Beatrice returned to Naples, where she arrived in 1501, J. Macek, Tři ženy krále Vladislava, Mladá fronta, Praha,1991 kol. autorov, Encyklopédia Slovenska, Veda, Bratislava,1977
6. Giovanni II Bentivoglio – Giovanni II Bentivoglio was an Italian nobleman who ruled as tyrant of Bologna from 1463 until 1506. He had no position, but held power as the citys first citizen. The Bentivoglio family ruled over Bologna from 1443, and repeatedly attempted to consolidate their hold of the Signoria of the city, born in Bologna, Giovanni II was the son of Annibale I Bentivoglio, then chief magistrate of the commune, and Donnina Visconti. He was a child when his father was murdered by his rival Battista Canneschi in June 1445, Annibale I was succeeded in Bologna by Sante I, of uncertain paternity and origin, but alleged to be a son of Ercole Bentivoglio, a cousin of Annibale I. Originally an apprentice of the guild of Florence, Sante ruled as signore of Bologna from 1443. When Sante died in 1463, Giovanni II Bentivoglio successfully made himself lord of the commune, on May 2,1464, he married Santes widow Ginevra Sforza. In 1446 he obtained by Pope Paul II the privilege to be considered perpetual head of the citys Senate, in order to secure the support of the other powerful families of Italy, Giovanni fought personally as condottiero. In 1482, during the War of Ferrara, he helped Ercole dEste against Pope Sixtus IV and he later fought in small struggles for the Kingdom of Naples, but his personal interventions were always limited by the Bolognese institutions. In 1488, his daughter Francesca poisoned her own husband, Galeotto Manfredi, the latters citizens considered the feat as an occult move to conquer the city, and rebelled. When Giovanni reached the city to suppress the revolt, he was captured and he was freed only through the intercession of Lorenzo de Medici. In the same year he was made Capitano Generale of the Milanese army, in 1488 Giovanni had also to crush a plot against him, led by the Malvezzi family, whose members were almost all hanged or exiled. In 1501, the same fate struck the Marescottis, when the papal troops, along with a contingent sent by Louis XII of France, marched against Bologna, Bentivoglio and his family fled. Julius II entered the city triumphantly on November 10, Giovanni moved first to Busseto, host of the Pallavicino family. An attempt led by his sons Annibale II and Ermes to reconquer Bologna in 1507 failed, the Bolognese subsequently rioted against his possessions in the city, destroying the palace. Excommunicated, Giovanni ended his days as prisoner of Louis XII in Milan and he died in 1508 in the Castello Sforzesco of that city. Giovanni Bentivoglio is said to have consulted in 1504 the famous astrologer Luca Gaurico about his and his sons destiny, displeased with Gauricos negative prophecy, Bentivoglio subjected him to the torture of mancuerda, and exiled him from Bologna. Giovanni II Bentivoglio ruled with a stern sway for nearly half a century, maintaining a splendid court and beautifying Bologna, the misery of the citys poor, however, stood in stark contrast to the splendor of the city and its festivities. Among the projects he commissioned were the frescoes depicting the life of Saint Cecilia in the Oratorio di Santa Cecilia through the archway of San Giacomo and these frescoes were painted by artists living in the city at the time, Francesco Francia, Lorenzo Costa the Elder and Amico Aspertini
7. Conrad Celtes – Conrad Celtes was a German Renaissance humanist scholar and Neo-Latin poet. Born at Wipfeld, near Schweinfurt in Lower Franconia under his original name Konrad Bickel or Pyckell, Celtes pursued his studies at the University of Cologne, while at Heidelberg, he received instruction from Dalberg and Agricola. As customary in those days for humanists, he Latinized his name, for some time he delivered humanist lectures during his travels to Erfurt, Rostock and Leipzig. His first work was titled Ars versificandi et carminum and he further undertook lecture tours to Rome, Florence, Bologna and Venice. The elector Frederick of Saxony approached the emperor Frederick III, who named Conrad Celtes Poet Laureate upon his return, at this great imperial ceremonial gathering in Nuremberg, Celtes was at the same time presented with a doctoral degree. Celtes again made a tour throughout the empire. He also founded a society, based on the Roman academies. The local branch of the society was called Sodalitas Litterarum Vistulana, in 1490 he once again went through Breslau to Prague, capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia. Hartmann Schedel used Celtis descriptions of Breslau in the Schedelsche Weltchronik, in Hungary, Celtis formed the Sodalitas Litterarum Hungaria, later as Sodalitas Litterarum Danubiana to be based in Vienna. He made stops at Regensburg, Passau and Nuremberg, at Heidelberg he founded the Sodalitas Litterarum Rhenana. Later he went to Lübeck and Ingolstadt, at Ingolstadt, in 1492, he delivered his famous speech to the students there, in which he called on Germans to rival Italians in learning and letters. This would later become a popular address in sixteenth-century German nationalistic sentiment. While the plague ravaged Ingolstadt, Celtes taught at Heidelberg, by now he was a professor. In 1497 Celtes was called to Vienna by the emperor Maximilian I, who honored him as teacher of the art of poetry and conversation with an imperial Privilegium, there he lectured on the works of classical writers and in 1502 founded the Collegium Poetarum, a college for poets. Celtes died at Vienna a few years later of syphilis, Conrad Celtes teachings had lasting effects, particularly in the field of history. He was the first to teach the history of the world as a whole and he started work on the Germania Illustrata with Germania generalis and De origine, situ, moribus et institutis Norimbergae libellus. He discovered and published the writings of Hroswitha of Gandersheim, Celtes also discovered a map of the military roads of the Roman Empire, the Tabula Peutingeriana, or Peutinger Table. He collected numerous Greek and Latin manuscripts in his function as librarian of the library that was founded by Maximilian
8. Jorge da Costa – For Brazilian footballer, see Jorge Alberto da Costa Silva. For Portuguese businessman, see Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa, dom Jorge da Costa was a Portuguese Cardinal. Born in Alpedrinha, Fundão, he is called the Cardinal of Alpedrinha. He was one of children of Martim Vaz and wife Catarina Gonçalves. He made benefits to all his brothers and sisters and he held a very large number of ecclesiastical offices. He was Archbishop of Lisbon 1464-1500 and 108th Archbishop of Braga 1486-1501 and he was the confessor of Afonso V of Portugal. From 1478 he was in exile in Rome, having clashed with John II of Portugal and he died a centenarian in Rome. He is buried in the church of Santa Maria del Popolo in the Costa Chapel that he purchased in 1488, at age 102, Jorge da Costa is the oldest Cardinal in history
9. Lucrezia Crivelli – Lucrezia Crivelli was a mistress of Ludovico Sforza, il Moro, Duke of Milan. She was the mother of Sforzas son, Giovanni Paolo I Sforza, Crivelli has been thought to be the subject of Leonardo da Vincis painting, La belle ferronnière. While unproven, Crivelli has long been presumed to be the subject of Leonardo da Vincis painting La belle ferronnière, the rationale for the Crivelli identification has been primarily based on da Vincis earlier depiction of Cecilia Gallerani, in his painting, Lady with an Ermine. Gallerani had been a mistress of Sforza. It has been suspected by Adolfo Venturi and then recently found that the Lucrezia Crivelli is not the Belle Ferronnière at all. In recent years, the painting of Lucrezia Crivelli, that has been kept in the family for centuries, has been shown to the public. Crivelli was a lady-in-waiting to Ludovico Sforzas wife, Beatrice dEste, during this time, she also became the mistress of Sforza. In 1497, she gave birth to his son, Giovanni Paolo, Sforzas affair with Crivelli caused much distress to his wife, who was considered accomplished and cultured. Upon learning of the affair, dEste tried without success to have Crivelli banished from court, crivellis son by Sforza, Giovanni Paolo I Sforza, became the first Marquess of Caravaggio, as well as a celebrated condottiero. He married Violante Bentivoglio, a granddaughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, the marriage produced a son and a daughter. Crivelli lived for years in Rocca di Canneto in Mantua, under the protection of Isabella dEste, the elder sister of Beatrice
10. Giles Daubeney, 1st Baron Daubeney – Giles Daubeney, 1st Baron Daubeney, KG was an English soldier, diplomat, courtier and politician. He was probably born at South Petherton in Somerset, where his father seems to have been resident. In 1475 he went over to France with Edward IV, from whom he obtained a license before going to make a trust-deed of his lands in the counties of Somerset and Dorset and he was then designated esquire, and he went in command of four men-at-arms and fifty archers. Soon after he became one of the esquires for the kings body, M. P. for Somerset in 1477–8, he was knighted before the end of King Edwards reign. He was also present at the coronation of Richard III on 6 July 1483 and he was consulted before any one else by Reginald Bray to the projected invasion of Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, planned with Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham. On the failure of Buckinghams rebellion he with others fled to Richmond in Brittany, the custody of Petherton Park was granted to Richard FitzHugh, 6th Baron FitzHugh and Daubeneys lands in Somerset, Lincolnshire and Cornwall were confiscated. His fortunes were revived when Henry became King Henry VII in 1485 and his attainder was reversed in Henrys first parliament, and he became a privy councillor. On 2 November he was appointed Master of the Mint, an office in which Bartholomew Reed of London, goldsmith, as the practical worker of monies, was associated with him in survivorship. On 7 March 1486 he was appointed Lieutenant of Calais for a term of seven years, as reward for his services to the king, and on 12 March he was created Baron Daubeney with succession in tail male. On 15 December 1486 he was named at the head of an embassy to treat for a league with Maximilian. About this time he was made a knight of the Garter, on 25 November 1487 he was present at the coronation of Elizabeth of York. On 20 December 1487 he was appointed one of the chamberlains of the receipt of the exchequer and he appears about this time to have gone on an embassy to France, and then was with the king at Greenwich on Twelfth Night,1488. In 1489 he crossed to Calais, raised the siege of Dixmude, and took Ostend from the French. In 1490 he was sent to the Duchess Anne in Brittany to arrange the terms of a treaty against France, no settlement, however, was arrived at, and the king four months later invaded France and besieged Boulogne. The French then at once agreed to treat, and Daubeney was commissioned to arrange a treaty with the Sieur des Querdes, in 1495, after the execution of Sir William Stanley, he was made Lord Chamberlain. On the meeting of parliament in October the same year he was elected one of the triers of petitions and he set on the rebels at Deptford Strand, and they took him prisoner, but soon after let him go and were defeated. The siege of Exeter was raised on his approach, and Perkin soon left, in 1500 Daubeney accompanied Henry VII to Calais, and was present at his meeting with the Archduke Philip. In 1501 he had charge of many of the arrangements for Catherines reception in London, on Thursday 18 May 1508, after riding with the king from Eltham to Greenwich, he was taken suddenly ill
11. Edmund de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros – Edmund de Ros or Roos, 10th Baron de Ros of Helmsley was a follower of the House of Lancaster during the Wars of the Roses. He regained his title after the accession of King Henry VII of England. Edmund de Ros, born about 1455, was the son of Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros. He had four sisters, Eleanor Ros, who married Sir Robert Manners of Etal and their son was George Manners, 11th Baron de Ros. Isabel Ros, who married firstly Sir Thomas Everingham, secondly Sir Thomas Grey, after the death of the 9th Baron, his widow, Philippa, married firstly Sir Thomas Wingfield, by whom she had no issue. After his death, she married Edward Grimston, esquire, as a result of his fathers attainder, he went into exile. In the petition to parliament, presented by Lord Ros, November,1483, his claims are stated with great moderation, and his sufferings for his loyalty to King Henry VI are not overstated. Edmund, Lord Ros, lived at the manor of Elsinges, at Enfield, which he had inherited from his mother, Eleanor, the eldest sister and co-heir of Edmund, Lord Ros, married Sir Robert Manners, of Etal, Northumberland. Eleanor was therefore the grandmother of Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland, the Complete Peerage, edited by Geoffrey H. White. Magna Carta Ancestry, A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham
12. Keian Genju – For the Japanese era, see Keian. Keian Genju was a Japanese Buddhist monk who studied classics under Ishō at Nanzen-ji, Keian accompanied the 1466 mission to the Ming court in China. In Beijing, he was favored by the Chenghua Emperor, Keian delayed his return to Japan until 1475. Keian was the first to translate Zhu Xis Collective Commentaries on the Great Learning into Japanese, Keian founded Satsunan-gakuha, a neo-confucianist school in Kagoshima. Dōgen Eisai Ingen Iwao, Seiichi, Teizō Iyanaga, Susumu Ishii, ISBN 978-2-7068-1632-1, OCLC51096469 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. ISBN 978-0-521-64312-2, ISBN 978-0-521-64430-3, OCLC255153845
13. Hermann IV of Hesse – Hermann IV of Hesse was Archbishop-Elector of Cologne from 1480 to 1508 and Prince-Bishop of Paderborn from 1498 to 1508. Hermann IV of Hesse was born in Bonn in 1450, the son of Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse and his wife Anna, daughter of Frederick I and he is listed on the register of University of Cologne for 1462 and later studied at the Charles University in Prague. In 1472, Hermann made a bid to become Bishop of Hildesheim and he became diocesan administrator of the Archdiocese of Cologne in 1473. As diocesan administrator of the Archdiocese of Cologne, Hermann was involved in the Cologne Ecclesiastical Conflict at the time that Charles the Bold launched the Siege of Neuss, in November 1475, Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor appointed Hermann Stiftsgubernator. Hermann assumed control of the administration of the Archdiocese of Cologne following the arrest of Archbishop Ruprecht of the Palatinate in 1478, after Ruprechts death on 26 July 1480, Hermann was elected as his successor on 11 August 1480. Pope Innocent VIII confirmed his appointment in November 1480, after many turbulent years, Hermann devoted himself to the administrative and financial recovery of the archdiocese. For the 28 years of peace and stability, Hermann earned himself the moniker of the Peaceful, in 1495, Hermann became coadjutor bishop of the Prince-Bishopric of Paderborn. He was elected Prince-Bishop of Paderborn on 7 March 1498 and he set himself against Philip of Cleves, Dean of Strasbourg Cathedral and his brother John II, Duke of Cleves but could not ultimately prevail. Hermann was allied with Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and Pope Alexander VI, the Reichskammergericht upheld Hermanns jurisdiction over the eastern part of Paderborn. He held a Lehenstag in Paderborn on 1 October 1500 to allow the nobles of Paderborn to pay homage to him, the Reichskammergericht also restored Helmarshausen and Delbrück to the bishop. Hermann took his role as a spiritual pastor seriously and intensified episcopal oversight of the monasteries and he read mass and prayed the breviary regularly, and performed other episcopal liturgical acts. He arranged for the financing to build the church in Bevern in 1501, Hermann died on 19 October 1508. He was buried in Cologne Cathedral and his heart was buried in the church in Brühl. This page is based on this page on German Wikipedia
14. Jakob von Liebenstein – Jacob of Liebenstein was the Archbishop-Elector of Mainz from 1504 to 1508. Jacob of Liebenstein was born in 1462, the son of Peter II of Liebenstein, groomed for a life in the church from an early age, Jacob became a canon of Family of de Haas in the Netherlands. He was sent to study at the University of Basel and he became dean of Mainz Cathedral in 1497. Following the death of Bertold von Henneberg-Römhild in 1504, the chapter of Mainz elected Jacob as Archbishop of Mainz on 30 December 1504. His reign is marked by the expansion of the size of the Archbishopric of Mainz, Jacob expelled all Jews from the Archbishopric of Mainz in 1507. Jacob died on 15 September 1508 and is buried in Mainz Cathedral and his funerary monument was designed by Hans Backoffen. This page is based on this page on German Wikipedia. Brück, Anton Ph. „Jakob von Liebenstein“, in, Neue Deutsche Biographie 10, S.315 Friedhelm Jürgensmeier, Jakob von Liebenstein, in Erwin Gatz, The bishops of the Holy Roman Empire from 1448 to 1648
15. Guidobaldo da Montefeltro – Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, also known as Guidobaldo I, was an Italian condottiero and the Duke of Urbino from 1482 to 1508, KG. Born in Gubbio, he succeeded his father Federico da Montefeltro as Duke of Urbino in 1482, Guidobaldo married Elisabetta Gonzaga, the sister of Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquis of Mantua. Guidobaldo was impotent, and they had no children, but Elisabetta refused to divorce him, in 1496, while fighting for the pope near Bracciano, Guidobaldo was taken prisoner by the Orsini and the Vitelli, being freed the following year. Guidobaldo was forced to flee Urbino in 1502 to escape the armies of Cesare Borgia and he adopted as his heir Francesco Maria della Rovere, his sisters child and nephew of Pope Julius II, thus uniting the seigniory of Senigallia with Urbino. He aided Pope Julius II in reconquering the Romagna, the court of Urbino was at that time one of the most refined and elegant in Italy. Many men of letters met there, suffering from pellagra, Guidobaldo died in Fossombrone at the age of 36, and was succeeded by his nephew. Holy Conversation Portrait of Luca Pacioli Saint George and the Dragon Rendina, pietro Bembo, Vita dello illustrissimo s. Helisabetta Gonzaga sua consorte, Firenze, Lorenzo Torrentino 1555 P. Giovio, istorie dei suoi tempi, Venezia 1570 F. Ugolini. Guidobaldo da Montefeltro in «Imparziale fiorentino»,1857 Bernardino Baldi, Della vita e de fatti di Guidobaldo I da Montefeltro, Duca dUrbino libri dodici, Milano, Silvestri 1821 G. Franceschini. I Montefeltro, Milano 1970 C. H. Clough, A. Conti, Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, duca di Urbino, fu mai gonfaloniere di Sancta Romana Ecclesia. in «Studi Montefeltrani», n. 27, San Leo 2006 The Gubbio Studiolo and its conservation, volumes 1 &2, from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries, which contains material on Guidobaldo da Montefeltro