15 cm Kanone 16
The 15 cm Kanone 16 was a heavy field gun used by Germany in World War I and World War II. Guns turned over to Belgium as reparations after World War I were taken into Wehrmacht service after the conquest of Belgium as the 15 cm K429 and it generally served on coast-defense duties during World War II. The K16 was a conventional design for its day with a box trail, steel wheels for motor transport. The axle was suspended on a leaf spring. For transport the barrel was generally detached from the recoil system, in 1941 a small number of K16 barrels were placed on 21 cm Mrs 18 carriages to become the 15 cm K16 in Mrs Laf. It fired 2 types of shells, which differed only in which fuzes they could accept. It used a three part charge in its cartridge case, Charge 1 yielded a muzzle velocity of 555 metres per second. Charge 2 replaced Charge 1 in the case and propelled the shell with a velocity of 696 metres per second. Charge 3 was added to Charge 2 and raised the muzzle velocity to 757 metres per second, BL6 inch Gun Mk XIX British equivalent Canon de 155mm GPF French equivalent Engelmann, Joachim and Scheibert, Horst. Deutsche Artillerie 1934-1945, Eine Dokumentation in Text, Skizzen und Bildern, Ausrüstung, Gliederung, Ausbildung, Führung, limburg/Lahn, Germany, C. A. Starke,1974 Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich, An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery, new York, Doubleday,1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3 Hogg, Ian V. German Artillery of World War Two. Mechanicsville, PA, Stackpole Books,1997 ISBN 1-85367-480-X the K16 on Landships List and pictures of World War I surviving 15cm K16 guns
15 cm Kanone 18
The 15 cm Kanone 18 was a German heavy gun used in the Second World War. In 1933 Rheinmetall began development of a new piece to fulfil a German Army requirement for a replacement of the aged 15 cm Kanone 16. There was not much of an improvement over the gun as it weighed two tons more than the K16, but only had 2,290 metres more range. The army was happy with the range, but not with the carriage, there was a special transport carriage for just the gun when traveling long distances. Putting it on its turntable took even more time to assemble, around a hundred were built between 1939 and 1943. It was not popular in service as it was regarded as too much gun for too little shell and this caused its production to be terminated in August 1943. Many were used in coastal installations,152 mm gun M1935 - Soviet World War II equivalent 155 mm Long Tom - American World War II equivalent Engelmann, Joachim and Scheibert, Horst. Deutsche Artillerie 1934–1945, Eine Dokumentation in Text, Skizzen und Bildern, Ausrüstung, Gliederung, Ausbildung, Führung, limburg/Lahn, Germany, C. A. Starke,1974 Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich, An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery, new York, Doubleday,1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3 Hogg, Ian V. German Artillery of World War Two. Mechanicsville, PA, Stackpole Books,1997 ISBN 1-85367-480-X Media related to 15 cm Kanone 18 at Wikimedia Commons
15 cm Kanone M 80
The 15 cm Kanone M80 was a siege gun used by Austria-Hungary during World War I. Designed to replace the M61 series of guns the M80 family of siege guns offered greater range. These wedges helped to absorb the force and encouraged the wheels to run forward to bring the gun back into battery. Generally a wooden firing platform was constructed for these guns in action to provide a level, shortly after these guns were adopted a hydraulic recoil cylinder was adapted to absorb the recoil forces. It was attached to the underside of the carriage and the firing platform, for transport the barrel was removed from the carriage by a crane and carried separately. These siege guns were no longer useful against modern armored fortresses by the outbreak of World War I, the Austro-Hungarian Artillery From 1867 to 1918, Technology, Organization, and Tactics. Vienna, Verlag Militaria,2007 ISBN 978-3-902526-13-7 Łukasz Chrzanowski Artyleria Austro-Węgierska 1860-1890 Przemyśl, Wydawnictwo FORT,2008, ISBN 978-83-923657-7-8 M80 siege guns on Landships
15 cm L/40 Feldkanone i.R.
The 15 cm Feldkanone L/40 in Räderlafette was a heavy field gun used by Germany in World War I. It was an ex-naval gun hastily adapted for service by rigidly mounting it in a field carriage. The Germans were desperate for long-range artillery by 1915 and were forced to adapt a number of guns for Army use. The 15-cm SK L/40 was a gun that was used as the secondary armament by pre-dreadnought battleships. It seems that there were two versions of this gun, one with an L/40 and the other with an L/45 barrel. It is not known if the designation changed depending on the barrel, the gun could not traverse on the mount and had to be fixed on a firing platform that weighed 7,450 kilograms to give it 60° of traverse. For transport purposes, it was broken down into three loads, barrel, carriage and firing platform, while details are unclear, it seems that this gun was also adapted for land use, complete with its armored gunhouse, as the 15 cm KiSL. It was mounted on a pivot, which was in turn mounted on a firing platform. It was transported by rail or by road to its location in one piece. It retained the Navys semi-fixed ammunition, where one bag of powder was loaded before the brass cartridge containing the rest of the propellant, at the final stages of the World War I at least 6 guns were ceded to Bulgaria. BL6 inch Mk VII naval gun The British equivalent World War I naval gun modified for field use, new York, Barnes & Noble Books,2000 ISBN 0-7607-1994-2 Jäger, Herbert. German Artillery of World War One, ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire, Crowood Press,2001 ISBN 1-86126-403-815 cm FK L/40 i. R. L. on Landships List and pictures of World War I surviving 15cm L/40 and L/45 i. R. guns
15 cm Luftminenwerfer M 15 M. E.
The 15 cm Luftminenwerfer M15 M. E. was a medium mortar used by Austria-Hungary in World War I. It was developed by the German firm Maschinenfabrik Esslingen in response to a German requirement and its initial testing was observed by an Austro-Hungarian representative and his positive report convinced them to order a batch of five for comparative testing. It was evaluated on 21 September 1915 and it produced the right impression, nonetheless four weapons were sent off for combat trials at the end of October 1915, which were presumably favorable. The barrel was mounted on a pivot attached to a base plate. A single cylinder of compressed air was good for twelve shots, the Model II incorporated minor improvements suggested by both the Austrians and German pioneer troops and was evaluated at the end of 1915. It was deemed satisfactory and another hundred were ordered, however, they were soon made obsolete by the better performance of the 12 cm Luftminenwerfer M16 and shelved before the production run was finished. The Austro-Hungarian Artillery From 1867 to 1918, Technology, Organization, vienna, Verlag Militaria,2007 ISBN 978-3-902526-13-7