Category:1830 elections in the United Kingdom
Pages in category "1830 elections in the United Kingdom"
The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 1830 – As of the start of 1830, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. It is known in European history as a tumultuous year with the Revolutions of 1830 in France, Belgium, Poland, Switzerland. January 11 – LaGrange College began operation, becoming the first publicly chartered college in Alabama, february 3 – The London Protocol establishes the full independence and sovereignty of Greece from the Ottoman Empire as the final result of the Greek War of Independence. March 12 – Craig vs. March 26 – The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, March 28 – The Java War ends. April 6 – Joseph Smith and five others organize the Church of Christ, may 13 – Ecuador separates from Gran Colombia. May 28 – The United States Congress passes the Indian Removal Act, june 26 – William IV succeeds his brother George IV as King of the United Kingdom. July 5 – France invades Algeria, July 17 – Barthélemy Thimonnier is granted a patent for a sewing machine in France, it chains stitches at 200/minute. July 18 – Uruguay adopts its first constitution, July 20 – Greece grants citizenship to Jews. July 27 – France, The July Revolution begins, august 9 – France, Louis Philippe becomes King of the French. August 13 – France, Duc de Broglie becomes Prime Minister, august 25 – The Belgian Revolution begins. August 31 – Edwin Beard Budding is granted a patent for the invention of the lawn mower, september 15 – The Liverpool and Manchester Railway opens, the worlds first intercity passenger railway operated solely by steam locomotives. September 27 – The Belgian Revolution ends by liberating Brussels from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, october 4 – The Provisional Government in Brussels declares the creation of the independent state of Belgium, in revolt against the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. October – Start of the Regeneration in Switzerland, more liberal constitutions adopted in most cantons, november 2 – France, Jacques Laffitte succeeds the Duc de Broglie as Prime Minister. November 8 – Ferdinand II becomes King of the Two Sicilies, november 22 – The Whig Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey succeeds Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. November 29 – The Polish insurrection begins in Warsaw against Russian rule, december 5 – Hector Berliozs most famous work, Symphonie fantastique, has its world premiere in Paris. December 20 – The independence of Belgium is recognized by the Great Powers,10,000 chests of opium are sold in China. Austins of Derry established in Northern Ireland, until closure in 2016, it was the worlds oldest independent department store. January 7 – Albert Bierstadt, German-American painter January 21 – Liu Kunyi, Chinese general January 23 – Gaston Alexandre Auguste, Marquis de Galliffet, French general January 31 – James G
2. Election – An election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century, Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is used in many other private and business organizations. Electoral reform describes the process of introducing fair electoral systems where they are not in place, psephology is the study of results and other statistics relating to elections. To elect means to choose or make a decision, and so other forms of ballot such as referendums are referred to as elections. Elections were used as early in history as ancient Greece and ancient Rome, and throughout the Medieval period to select rulers such as the Holy Roman Emperor, in Vedic period of India, the raja of a gana was apparently elected by the gana. The raja belonged to the noble Kshatriya varna, and was typically a son of the previous raja, however, the gana members had the final say in his elections. The Pala king Gopala in early medieval Bengal was elected by a group of feudal chieftains, such elections were quite common in contemporary societies of the region. In Chola Empire, around 920 CE, in Uthiramerur, palm leaves were used for selecting the village committee members, the leaves, with candidate names written on them, were put inside a mud pot. To select the members, a young boy was asked to take out as many leaves as the number of positions available. This was known as the Kudavolai system, ancient Arabs also used election to choose their caliph, Uthman and Ali, in the early medieval Rashidun Caliphate. Questions of suffrage, especially suffrage for minority groups, have dominated the history of elections, males, the dominate cultural group in North America and Europe, often dominated the electorate and continue to do so in many countries. Early elections in such as the United Kingdom and the United States were dominated by landed or ruling class males. However, by 1920 all Western European and North American democracies had universal male suffrage. Despite legally mandated universal suffrage for males, political barriers were sometimes erected to prevent fair access to elections. The question of who may vote is an issue in elections. In Australia Aboriginal people were not given the right to vote until 1962, suffrage is typically only for citizens of the country, though further limits may be imposed. However, in the European Union, one can vote in municipal elections if one lives in the municipality and is an EU citizen, the nationality of the country of residence is not required
3. United Kingdom – The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, the United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state—the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland, with an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. It is also the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants, together, this makes it the fourth-most densely populated country in the European Union. The United Kingdom is a monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 6 February 1952, other major urban areas in the United Kingdom include the regions of Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester. The United Kingdom consists of four countries—England, Scotland, Wales, the last three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capitals, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively. The relationships among the countries of the UK have changed over time, Wales was annexed by the Kingdom of England under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. A treaty between England and Scotland resulted in 1707 in a unified Kingdom of Great Britain, which merged in 1801 with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, there are fourteen British Overseas Territories. These are the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a country and has the worlds fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP. The UK is considered to have an economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index. It was the worlds first industrialised country and the worlds foremost power during the 19th, the UK remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. It is a nuclear weapons state and its military expenditure ranks fourth or fifth in the world. The UK has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946 and it has been a leading member state of the EU and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. However, on 23 June 2016, a referendum on the UKs membership of the EU resulted in a decision to leave. The Acts of Union 1800 united the Kingdom of Great Britain, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have devolved self-government
4. United Kingdom general election, 1830 – The 1830 United Kingdom general election, was triggered by the death of King George IV and produced the first parliament of the reign of his successor, William IV. Fought in the aftermath of the Swing Riots, it saw electoral reform become a election issue. The eighth United Kingdom Parliament was dissolved on 24 July 1830, the new Parliament was summoned to meet on 14 September 1830, for a maximum seven-year term from that date. The maximum term could be and normally was curtailed, by the monarch dissolving the Parliament and this election was the first since 1708 to cause the collapse of the government. The Tory leader, at the time of the 1830 election, was the Duke of Wellington and he had been Prime Minister since 1828. The previous Parliament had been unstable, with both principal parties fractured, during the 1826-1830 Parliament, there had been four Tory Prime Ministers. The Earl of Liverpool, who had been Prime Minister since 1812, was forced by ill health to retire in 1827, George Canning, who had been Leader of the House of Commons under Liverpool, became Prime Minister in early 1827. The High Tories, led by the Duke of Wellington and Robert Peel, Canning invited a section of the Whigs, including Lansdowne to join a coalition ministry with the Canningite faction of the Tory Party. Other Whigs, like Earl Grey, remained in opposition, some Whigs like Viscount Althorp adopted a neutral attitude to the government. After Cannings death in August 1827, the passed to the Viscount Goderich for a few more months. Those Whigs who had been in both Cannings and Goderichs governments returned to the opposition, for a short while a band of M. P. There was a split in the Tory administration in 1829 on the issue of Catholic emancipation when Daniel OConnell. Edward Knatchbull and supported by a number of peers in the House of Lords. There had not been a predominantly Whig administration since the Ministry of all the Talents in 1806-1807, the Whig Party had had weak leadership, particularly in the House of Commons, for many years. However, during the 1826-1830 Parliament the situation improved, at the time of the general election, the Earl Grey was the leading figure amongst the Whig peers. However Grey had given up the leadership in 1824. The Marquess of Lansdowne was acting as leader, but had not taken up the title, the animosity which King George IV had to Earl Grey had barred him from government, but in the new reign his chances of office had improved. There had been no official Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons since 1821, in Irish politics, Daniel OConnell and his Catholic Association had succeeded in obtaining Catholic Emancipation in 1829