Category:1920s architecture in New Zealand
Pages in category "1920s architecture in New Zealand"
The following 38 pages are in this category, out of 38 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 38 pages are in this category, out of 38 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Auckland War Memorial Museum – The Auckland War Memorial Museum Tāmaki Paenga Hira is one of New Zealands most important museums and war memorials. Its collections concentrate on New Zealand history, natural history, as well as military history, the Auckland Museum traces its lineage back to 1852 when it was established in a farm workers cottage where the University of Auckland is now located. With an initial call for the donation of specimens of wool for display it attracted 708 visitors in its first year, an Italianate-style building was constructed for the museum in Princes Street, near Government House and across the road from the Northern Club. These new premises included a large gallery top-lit by a metal framed skylight and this room proved problematic as it was impossible to heat during the winter but overheated during the summer. Canvas awnings used to shield the roof from harsh sunlight made the difficult to view in the resulting gloom. One of the visitors during the 1890s was the French artist Gauguin, the site was a hill in the Government Domain commanding an impressive view of the Waitemata Harbour. Permission was granted by the Auckland City Council in 1918, the Council in its liberality being given three seats on the Museum Council and it was opened by the Governor-General General Sir Charles Fergusson. The museum architects commissioned Kohns Jewellers of Queen Street to create a finely detailed model of the museum. This was presented to Sir James Gunson on completion of the museum, the building is considered one of the finest Greco-Roman buildings in the Southern Hemisphere. It has an A classification from the New Zealand Historic Places Trust, of particular interest is the interior plasterwork which incorporates Maori details in an amalgamation of Neo-Greek and art-deco styles. Likewise the exterior bas-reliefs depicting 20th-century armed forces and personnel are in a style which mixes Neo-Greek with Art-Deco, the bulk of the building is English Portland Stone with detailing in New Zealand granite from the Coromandel. This extension is of concrete block construction rendered in cement stucco to harmonise with the Portland Stone of the earlier building, in 2006 the inner courtyard was enclosed by the grand atrium at the southern entrance. The quotation The Whole Earth is the Sepulchre of Famous Men over the front porch is attributed to the Greek general Pericles, renovation In the last two decades, the museum was renovated and extended in two stages. The first stage saw the building restored and the exhibits partly replaced during the 1990s for $NZ43 million. The second stage of restoration has seen a great dome – atrium constructed within the central courtyard. $NZ27 million of that was provided by the government, with the ASB Trust, the second stage finished in 2007. It has also received the ACENZ Innovate NZ Gold Award for the redevelopment, the bowl, which is the internal centre-piece of the expansion, weighs 700 tonnes and is suspended free-hanging from trusses spanning over it from the elevator four shafts located around it. A new 204-space underground parking garage at the rear has also constructed to help cover the high demand for parking in the Auckland Domain
2. Parliament House, Wellington – Parliament House in Wellington is the main building of the New Zealand Parliament Buildings. It contains the chamber, Speakers office, visitors centre. It replaced a building that burned down in 1907, and Parliament used the building from 1918. Parliament House was extensively earthquake strengthened and refurbished between 1991 and 1995 and it is open for visitors almost every day of the year, and is one of Wellingtons major visitor attractions. Parliament House is a Category I heritage building registered by Heritage New Zealand, on 11 December 1907, the original Parliament House burned to the ground, along with all other parliament buildings except the library. A museum was allowed for and the servants would move across from the Old Government Buildings on Lambton Quay. A competition to find a replacement design was announced by Prime Minister Joseph Ward in February 1911 and 33 designs were entered, the winning design, by Government Architect John Campbell, was selected by Colonel Vernon, former Government Architect for New South Wales. As another of Campbells entries won fourth place, the design is a combination of both entries. The design was divided into two stages, the first half, a Neoclassical building, contained both chambers and the second half Bellamys and a new Gothic Revival library to replace the existing one. Despite cost concerns, Prime Minister William Massey let construction of the first stage begin in 1914, the outbreak of World War I created labour and material shortages that made construction difficult. Although the building was unfinished, MPs moved into it in 1918 to avoid having to use the old, in 1922, the first stage was completed, the second stage was never built. During the 1980s, there were discussions about earthquake risk, there was even discussion about having the building torn down. In 1989, the New Zealand Historic Places Trust assigned the highest heritage rating to the building - Category I and this helped convince the decision makers to have the building strengthened and renovated, and what was up to then New Zealands largest heritage building conservation project began. In 1991, members moved across to Bowen House, where a debating chamber had been built. Base isolation was installed, and at its peak,400 workers were on site plus an additional 300 people were working offsite on the project. The renovated building was opened in November 1995 by Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of New Zealand, after its comprehensive strengthening. The parliamentarians had their first session in the building in February 1996. The intention of the Liberal Government had been for the design to be implemented in stages, Parliament is open to the public every day apart from some key public holidays, but entry is subject to security screening
3. Arapuni Suspension Bridge – The Arapuni Suspension Bridge is located just downstream from the Arapuni Power Station on the Waikato River in the South Waikato District of New Zealand. The 152-metre suspension bridge in the gorge was built in the mid-1920s to allow workers from the village of Arapuni to access the power station construction site. The bridge spans the Arapuni gorge about 1.5 kilometres downstream from the Arapuni Dam, construction started in May 1925 and finished sometime in the three months after April 1926. The bridge does not seem to have had a formal opening function, the bridge connected top camp with the western side of the gorge. Top camp accommodated the workmen employed on construction of the spillway, powerhouse, the bridge was registered a Category II historic place by the Historic Places Trust on 21 April 1994. The bridge was designed by David Rowell & Co. from Westminster, the structure is likely to have been shipped prefabricated from England, and was erected by the British contractors for the Arapuni dam and power station project, Armstrong Whitworth. It is one of the longest suspension footbridges in the country, the bridge has a span of 152.4 metres and is 8 metres higher when measured from true left to true right. It has a steel lattice tower on the true left. On the true right, the footing is cut into the side of the river bank. The bridge is a popular tourist destination, the site can be accessed via a walkway starting on Arapuni Road opposite Rabone Street. Bridge users are rewarded with views of the scenic gorge, geological features can be seen, and the cliffs on the true right of the landing are of volcanic origin and formed by ignimbrite blocks, which are vertically fissured by cooling stresses. The bridge is incorrectly called the Arapuni Swing Bridge, for example on signs along the walkway to the bridge. The term swing bridge is in use in New Zealand for suspension bridges that act as footbridges. The Waikato River Trails, which is under construction as part of the New Zealand Cycle Trail, Arapuni Suspension Bridge New Zealand Historic Places Trust
4. Embassy Theatre, Wellington – The Embassy Theatre is a movie theatre in Wellington, New Zealand, located at the Eastern end of Courtenay Place in the shadow of Mount Victoria. Originally built in 1924, the building has undergone a series of remodels and it is currently owned by the Wellington City Council and temporarily administered by the Embassy Theatre Trust. Management rights were sold to SKYCITY Cinemas in October 2005, and is now part of AHL owned Event Cinemas, the theatre is recognised as a place of historical/cultural significance by Heritage New Zealand and is the only custom-built 1920s cinema still in use in New Zealand. Designed by Llewelyn Williams, the building opened on October, 31st,1924, in 1945, the original name of the theatre was changed to The Embassy. Originally seating 1,749, remodels done during the 1960s - including installation of a 70 mm screen, proscenium, further remodels were undertaken in the early 2000s in advance of the world premiere screening of The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King. The remodel was underwritten by a $4.5 million grant provided by the Wellington City Council, part of the condition of providing this funding was that ownership of the building be given to the Council. In addition to strengthening the building against the many earthquakes. Designed in the style, the interior of the Embassy Theatre includes a marble staircase with brass fittings, tiled walls and floors. Many of the furnishings reflect the style, which even carries into the design of the restrooms. The theatre has three screens, the largest of which is thought to be one of the largest in the Southern Hemisphere. Other amenities include a bar and Blondinis Cafe and Jazz Lounge. The theatre was thrust into the international limelight when it hosted the world premiere of The Lord of the Rings. Nearly 120,000 people lined the red carpet along Courtenay Place to watch the procession of actors and filmmakers as they made their way into the theatre for the screening. The Embassy Theatre also takes part in the New Zealand International Arts Festival as well as the New Zealand International Film Festival, Embassy Theatres official website Embassy Theatre
5. Arapuni Power Station – Arapuni Power Station is a hydroelectric power station on the Waikato River, in the North Island of New Zealand. It is owned and operated by Mercury Energy, and is the seventh and it is also the oldest currently generating, the first government-built, and the largest single hydroelectric power station on the Waikato River. Arapuni, due to its proximity to Hamilton, plays an important part in support and frequency keeping in the city. Even though it is 80 years old, continuous improvement and refurbishment of the generation equipment ensures Arapuni remains efficient. The powerhouse and dam at Arapuni are under protection of the Historic Places Trust, becoming Category I Historic Places in November 1987 and it is one of the few generating power stations in New Zealand to be listed on the register. Initial surveying of the began in 1916, but in 1920. Construction of Arapuni finally began in 1924, but repeated heavy rain, the station, complete with three turbines and provisions for a fourth, was commissioned in mid-1929. Shortly after commissioning, Arapuni was closed for two years while a water problem was investigated and the headrace lined. The station, with the addition of a turbine, was recommissioned in May 1932. The Arapuni Suspension Bridge, just downstream from the station, was opened in 1926. It gave access from top camp on the right to the power station construction site on the true left of the Waikato River. In 1934, increasing demand for electricity resulted in Arapuni being extended, the powerhouse was doubled in size, and provisions for four more turbines were made. Turbines 5 and 6 were commissioned four years later in 1938, the last two turbines were commissioned in 1946 to meet the increasing demand for electricity following World War II. In 1990, a $50 million repair, refurbishment and upgrade project was completed, in 2001, work was completed on four of Arapunis turbines to increase capacity from 24.7 megawatts to 26.7 megawatts each and to improve their peak efficiency. Martin, John E, ed. People, Power and Power Stations, wellington, Bridget Williams Books Ltd and Electricity Corporation of New Zealand. Connecting the Country – New Zealand’s National Grid 1886 -2007