Berlin Tempelhof Airport
Berlin Tempelhof Airport was one of the airports in Berlin, Germany. Tempelhof was designated as an airport by the Ministry of Transport on 8 October 1923, the old terminal was originally constructed in 1927. In anticipation of increasing air traffic, the Nazi government began a reconstruction in the mid-1930s. While it was cited as the worlds oldest operating commercial airport, the title was disputed by several other airports. Tempelhof was one of Europes three iconic pre-World War II airports, the others being Londons now defunct Croydon Airport and the old Paris – Le Bourget Airport and it acquired a further iconic status as the centre of the Berlin Airlift of 1948-49. Tempelhof Airports main building was once among the top 20 largest buildings on earth, in contrast, Tempelhof Airport closed all operations on 30 October 2008, despite the efforts of some protesters to prevent the closure. A non-binding referendum was held on 27 April 2008 against the impending closure, the former airfield has subsequently been used as a recreational space known as Tempelhofer Feld.
In September 2015 it was announced that Tempelhof would become a refugee camp. Tempelhof was often called the City Airport and these events respectively marked the debut at Tempelhof of the largest aircraft in commercial airline service at the time and the then-largest aircraft overall. Runway 09L/27R was 2,094 metres long and runway 09R/27L was 1,840 m, the taxiway was in the shape of an oval around these two runways, with a single terminal on the northwest side of the airport. Other possible uses for Tempelhof have been discussed, and many people are trying to keep the buildings preserved. The site of the airport was originally Knights Templar land in medieval Berlin, the site was used as a parade field by Prussian forces, and by unified German forces from 1720 to the start of World War I. In 1909, Frenchman Armand Zipfel made the first flight demonstration in Tempelhof, Tempelhof was first officially designated as an airport on 8 October 1923. Deutsche Luft Hansa was founded in Tempelhof on 6 January 1926, the old terminal, originally constructed in 1927, became the worlds first with an underground railway.
As part of Albert Speers plan for the reconstruction of Berlin during the Nazi era, ernst Sagebiel was ordered to replace the old terminal with a new terminal building in 1934. With its façades of shell limestone, the building, built between 1936 and 1941, forms a 1.2 kilometre long quadrant. Arriving passengers walked through customs controls to the reception hall, Tempelhof was served by the U6 U-Bahn line along Mehringdamm and up Friedrichstraße. Zentralflughafen Tempelhof-Berlin had the advantage of a location just minutes from the Berlin city centre
Blaupunkt GmbH is a German manufacturer of electronics equipment, noted for its home and car audio equipment. It was a 100% subsidiary of Robert Bosch GmbH until 1 March 2009, founded in 1923 in Berlin as Ideal, the company was acquired by Robert Bosch AG in 1933. In 1938 it changed its name to Blaupunkt, German for blue point or blue dot, after the Second World War, Blaupunkt moved its headquarters and production to the city of Hildesheim. More recently, the majority of Blaupunkt products are manufactured overseas, since 2011 however, the entire lineup is Chinese sourced. By the 1960 and 1970s, Blaupunkt had become one of the leading German manufacturer for car radios, the 2011 take-over effectively left Blaupunkt as a managed brand name with all production outsourced to China, with virtually no Bosch era products still under production. The original Blaupunkt factories within the EU are now owned and operated by Bosch, the company attempted to have ARI used in the USA but had only a few radio stations per major city involved.
For many years, Blaupunkt car audio equipment models often carried the name of a city somewhere in the world, in Blaupunkt model nomenclature, this can be translated as An RDS CD player capable of controlling a Multichanger, rated at 4×30 W RMS from model year 1996. High-end models typically had German place names, Blaupunkt used the brand Velocity to sell products aimed at the top, audiophile end of the market. Some Holden Astra models are fitted with Blaupunkt systems, Blaupunkt specialised in coach installations, selling TVs, multiple-speaker setups and PA equipment to that industry. That part of the business has remained with Robert Bosch Car Multimedia GmbH, a 100% subsidiary of Robert Bosch GmbH, Blaupunkt company profile Bosch BLAUPUNKT HISTORY TV1950 Radio 1963 Radio 1938 Blaupunkt
The SV Memmelsdorf is a German association football club from the city of Memmelsdorf, Bavaria. The club played for a season in the Oberliga Bayern in 2009–10, formed on 7 December 1923, SVM was not the first football club formed in the village of Memmelsdorf, near Bamberg. An earlier club had existed for a period from the end of the First World War to 1923 but was disbanded. Josef Bauer, a trader, was the driving force behind the new club and became its chairman. The new club played its first game of football on 24 December 1934, the clubs early years were spend in the local C- and B-Klasse, but, in 1931, it won promotion to the A-Klasse Bamberg for the first time. Also in 1931, the changed its colours from black and white to red. Memmelsdorf remained in the A-Klasse for three seasons before being relegated again, a period of decline followed, culminating in a withdrawal from competitive football because of a lack of players in 1938. The outbreak of the Second World War did not improve this situation and SVM remained dormant for a time.
After the end of the war in 1945, the club needed permission from the occupation authorities, Bavaria was in the US-zone. The club had to restart at the bottom of the pyramid, the C-Klasse. SVM stayed for one season in this league but returned in 1955 and became a more permanent member. Once more, the returned to the A-Klasse, now the sixth tier of league football in the region. The 1975–76 season saw the club reach new heights, finishing second in the A-Klasse, in the promotion round, it faced VfL Frohnlach, which it beat 2–1 and earned promotion to the Bezirksliga Oberfranken-West for the first time. The club performed well in this new league and came second in 1977–78 but lost its greatest talent and it played in the 1978–79 German Cup, where it lost 8–1 at home to 1. SVM remained a side in the Bezirksliga but it took until 1987 to get another shot at promotion. Finishing second on points with SV Hallstadt, a decider had to be played in Bamberg. The team had to face ATS Kulmbach, which it beat 3–2, in the decisive third game, it beat FC Eibelstadt 2–0 and earned promotion to the Landesliga Bayern-Nord for the first time.
Because of the relegation of local powerhouse 1, FC Bamberg to the Bezirksliga that year, the team became the highest-ranking club in the city of Bamberg
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres, with about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular destination in the world. Germanys capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, other major cities include Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Leipzig. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity, a region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward, beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation, in 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.
After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic, the establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, in 1990, the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a power and has the worlds fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP. As a global leader in industrial and technological sectors, it is both the worlds third-largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled. It upholds a social security and universal health system, environmental protection. Germany was a member of the European Economic Community in 1957. It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999, Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD.
The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world, the English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz popular, derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- people, the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three 380, 000-year-old wooden javelins were unearthed
The league was formed in 1923, after a league reform which was decided upon in Darmstadt, Hesse. It replaced the Kreisliga Nordmain and the Kreisliga Südmain as the highest leagues in the region, apart from clubs from Hesse, with the Viktoria Aschaffenburg, the league included one club from Bavaria. The league modus remained unchanged for its first three seasons, 1923–24, 1924–25 and 1925-26, for its last edition however, it expanded to ten clubs. Additionally, the leagues runners-up qualified for a round with the other runners-up of the southern Bezirksligas. The winner of this round was awarded the third spot for the south to the German finals. In an attempt to bring all Southern German leagues to a similar system, for the Bezirksliga Main, this meant, it joined with the northern clubs of the Bezirksliga Rheinhessen-Saar to form the new Bezirksliga Main-Hessen. In practice, this meant little change for the league as the new Bezirksliga was immediately sub-divided into two independent, regional divisions.
Out of the ten clubs in the league, nine went to the new Bezirksliga Main-Hessen - Main division, the Helvetia Frankfurt and VfR Frankfurt merged in 1926 to form Rot-Weiß Frankfurt. com
Conrad Electronic SE is a German online retailer of electronic products based in Hirschau, Bavaria. The company was founded in Berlin in 1923 by Max Conrad, directorship was passed to his son Klaus Conrad in 1973 and to his son, Werner, in 1997. Partnerships exist with companies in Hungary, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Conrad is active in Russia and China. Conrad has its own centre in Hong Kong and a central warehouse in Germany. Conrad took over British company Rapid Electronics Ltd based in Colchester Essex in December 2012
The TRUMPF Group is a German family-owned company with its head office in Ditzingen near Stuttgart. TRUMPF is one of the worlds biggest providers of machine tools, with more than 60 operative subsidiaries, the TRUMPF Group is represented in all important markets worldwide. Its production facilities are based in China, France, the UK, Japan, Austria, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, the two divisions are combined under the umbrella of the management holding company, TRUMPF GmbH + Co. In the past they sold their Medical Technology division and this sector is now a part of the Hill-Rom Holdings. Its core business is machine tools for flexible sheet metal processing, TRUMPF produces machines for punching and forming, laser processing, combined punch and laser processing and bending. Power tools for cutting and forming sheet metal are used in the building trade. TRUMPF laser technology encompasses laser systems for the cutting, the company provides high-performance CO2 lasers, rod and fiber lasers, direct diode lasers, ultra-short pulse lasers, marking lasers and marking systems.
The lasers are used in the automotive industry and its suppliers and precision engineering, mechanical engineering, tool. In May 2014, the company embarked on a joint venture with the Italian laser manufacturer Sisma and this involves melting the metal with a laser and building it up into a desired object layer by layer. The electronics product pallet includes DC, high and medium frequency generators such as are needed for manufacturing flat-screen TVs and they are used for inductive material heating, surface coating and surface processing via plasma technology as well as for laser excitation. In 1923, Christian Trumpf and two partners acquired Julius Geiger GmbH, a shop in Stuttgart. The company manufactured flexible shafts used in metal processing machines, amongst other applications, in 1933, the company moved to the Stuttgart suburb of Weilimdorf. During World War II, TRUMPF continued with the production of electric shears, during the post-war years, stationary machines for sheet metal processing were a main constituent of the product program.
In 1950, TRUMPF employed 145 people, and its sales exceeded the one-million mark. Ten years later, in 1963, the company founded its first foreign company at the Swiss town of Baar in the Canton of Zug. In 1968, TRUMPF manufactured the TRUMATIC20, the first sheet metal fabrication machine with a control system. It enabled fully automatic work at the machine, right down to tool changes, all the information required to process sheet metal was stored on perforated computer tape. One year later, the company founded a subsidiary in Farmington, Connecticut, in 1972, TRUMPF shifted its headquarters to Ditzingen. In 1978, Berthold Leibinger was appointed chairman of the Managing Board, in 1985, TRUMPF presented its own CO2 laser, the LASER TLF1000
HSV Barmbek-Uhlenhorst is a German association football club from the city of Hamburg. The club played as a second and third side from the early 1960s on into the early 1980s before fading from sight into lower tier competition. The footballers went their own way as the independent side Hamburger Sportverein Barmbeck-Uhlenhorst on 15 November 1923, during World War II, player rosters were depleted by the demands of armed forces service and HSV played in various combinations with other shorthanded clubs. In the 1943–44 season, HSV and Post SG Hamburg played as the wartime side Kriegspielgemeinschaft Post/BU Hamburg, on 23 June 1944, HSV and Post were joined with SV St. Georg and Sperber Hamburg to compete for a single season as KSG Alsterdorf in the Gauliga Hamburg. Following the conflict each of these clubs was re-established as a side with HSV taking on the name Hamburger Sportverein Barmbek-Uhlenhorst. In 1949, Fußball Club Rot-Weiß Hamburg 1923 became part of HSV, the team captured the Amateurliga Hamburg title in 1963 and beat Leu Braunschweig 3,1 to win its way to the Regionalliga Nord.
They were quickly relegated, but earned a second Amateurliga title in 1966 to return to the second tier where they would play the eight seasons as a mid- to lower table side. HSV made appearances in the DFB-Pokal tournament from 1973–76, but went out in the early going each time, the countrys football leagues were restructured in 1974 and Barmbek-Uhlenhorst found itself overmatched in the new 2nd Bundesliga Nord where they finished in 20th place. This second division adventure left the club crippled under a load of more than 500,000 DM. They were sent down to the Amateuroberliga Nord where they struggled for a dozen seasons until slipping to the Verbandsliga Hamburg. Their fall continued, through the Landesliga Hamburg-Hansa in 1982, to the Bezirksliga Hamburg-Nord in 1984, since 1999, the team has played in the Verbandsliga Hamburg as an upper table side, earning a single season turn in the Oberliga Nord in 2004–05. With the disbanding of the Oberliga Nord the Verbandsliga Hamburg achieved Oberliga status and the club has been playing at this level since