Harold Hal Abelson is a Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT, a fellow of the IEEE, and a founding director of both Creative Commons and the Free Software Foundation. He directed the first implementation of Logo for the Apple II, which made the widely available on personal computers beginning in 1981. Abelson and Sussman cooperate in codirecting the MIT Project on Mathematics, the MIT OpenCourseWare project was spearheaded by Hal Abelson and other MIT faculty. Abelson holds an AB degree from Princeton University and obtained a PhD degree in mathematics from MIT under the tutelage of mathematician Dennis Sullivan, Abelson has a longstanding interest in using computation as a conceptual framework in teaching. He directed the first implementation of Logo for the Apple II, which made the widely available on personal computers beginning in 1981. In March 2015, a copy of Abelsons 1969 implementation of Turtle graphics was sold at The Algorithm Auction and he is the co-author of the book App Inventor with David Wolber, Ellen Spertus, and Liz Looney, published by OReilly Media in 2011.
Abelson and Sussman cooperate in codirecting the MIT Project on Mathematics and Computation, the goal of the project is to create better computational tools for scientists and engineers. But even with powerful computers, exploring complex physical systems still requires substantial human effort and human judgement to prepare simulations. Programs such as these could form the basis for intelligent scientific instruments that monitor physical systems based upon high-level behavioral descriptions, at the same time, these programs incorporate computational formulations of scientific knowledge that can form the foundations of better ways to teach science and engineering. Abelson and Sussman have been a part of the Free Software Movement, the MIT OpenCourseWare project was spearheaded by Hal Abelson and other MIT faculty. In January 2013, open access activist Aaron Swartz committed suicide and he had previously been arrested near MIT and was facing up to 35 years imprisonment for the alleged crime of downloading JSTOR articles through MITs open access campus network.
In response, MIT appointed professor Hal Abelson to lead an investigation of the schools choices. The report was delivered on July 26,2013 and it concluded that MIT did nothing legally wrong, but recommended that MIT consider changing some of its internal policies. Abelson is a director of Creative Commons and Public Knowledge. Booth Education Award given by IEEE Computer Society, cited for his contributions to the pedagogy. Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs, Mass, MIT Press, Second Edition 1996. Turtle Geometry, The Computer As a Medium for Exploring Mathematics, ISBN 978-0-262-01063-4 With Harry R. Lewis. Blown to Bits, Your Life and Happiness After the Digital Explosion, Upper Saddle River, NJ, Addison-Wesley,2008
Jozias van Aartsen
Jozias Johannes van Aartsen is a Dutch politician of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy. He has been the Kings Commissioner of Drenthe since 31 March 2017 and he was the Mayor of The Hague from 2008 to 2017. Van Aartsen previously served as the Minister of Agriculture, Nature and he became a Member of the House of Representatives for a short period serving from 19 May 1998 until 3 August 1998 following the Dutch general election of 1998. He served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 3 August 1998 until 22 July 2002 in the Cabinet Kok II, Van Aartsen became the Parliamentary leader serving from 27 May 2003 until 8 March 2006. After months of discussions and arguing, Van Aartsen took over as Party leader from Zalm in all, in August 2006 Van Aartsen announced that he would not run as a candidate for the VVD for the upcoming Dutch general election of 2006. In 2008 he was nominated to succeed Wim Deetman as Mayor of The Hague, after completing the Gymnasium-a he studied law at the Vrije Universiteit but did not graduate.
At the age of 22 van Aartsen moved to The Hague to work in politics, when Hans Wiegel became Party leader, in 1971, van Aartsen was asked to work for Hans Wiegel as employee of the party in the House of Representatives. In 1974 he became Director-general of the Teldersstichting, the institute of the Peoples Party for Freedom. In 1978 Van Aartsen became Chef de Bureau of the Secretary General of Interior and he did this under ministers Rietkerk, van Dijk, de Korte, de Koning, Dales and de Graaf. In 1985 he became Secretary General of Interior himself and he was minister of Agriculture from 1994-1998 in the First cabinet of Wim Kok. In the Second cabinet of Wim Kok he was the Minister of Foreign Affairs, when the cabinet fell as a direct result of the NIOD report about the fall of Srebrenica, he became parliamentary leader in the Dutch parliament. On 1 April 2004 an attempt was made to overrun van Aartsen by a car when he, Van Aartsen was not hurt but the co-worker did sustain a shoulder injury.
The assailant, a 41-year-old lawyer by the name of Frederiek de Jongh, in a letter to party leader Mark Rutte he expressed his disappointment with the demise of the Second Balkenende cabinet which in his view was uncalled for. Jozias van Aartsen is a member of the Bilderberg Group, J. J. van Aartsen Parlement & Politiek
Frank Henrik Aarebrot is a Norwegian political scientist from Bergen. He is professor of politics at the University of Bergen. He regularly lectures at Institut des Sciences Politiques and at the Humboldt University, Aarebrot has written sixty-nine books on the democratisation of Europe, following the fall of the Berlin Wall. In Norway Aarebrot is known as a political commentator, Frank Aarebrot was the assistant of Stein Rokkan. Between 1969 and 1976, he studied at Yale University, the University of Michigan, since 1977 he has been employed by the Institute of Comparative Politics at the University of Bergen. While working as an observer at the elections of Romania in 1990. He had to have one of his legs amputated because of this and this was meant to work as proof of Bordieus ideas, as the viewers most likely wouldnt remember the actual discussion. Aarebrot has open political sympathies with the Norwegian Labour Party, Aarebrot usually holds one of the top spots in the rankings of most quoted scientists in Norwegian media.
Frank Aarebrot and Pål Bakka, “Die Vergleichende Methode in der Politikwissenschaft“ i Dirk Berg-Schlosser and Ferdinand Müller-Rommel, the structuring of Democratic Politics from North-West Russia to Poland Sten Berglund and Frank Aarebrot, The Political History of Eastern Europe in the 20th Century. The Struggle Between Dictatorship and Democracy Profile on the website of University of Bergen
Murder of Betsy Aardsma
Aardsma was the second of four children born in Holland, Michigan to Esther and Richard Aardsma. She attended Holland High School where she graduated with honors, Aardsma enrolled at the University of Michigan where she studied art and English. Upon graduation, she enrolled at Pennsylvania State University, at the time of her death, she was unofficially engaged to Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center student David Wright. Aardsma was in the library on November 28,1969, doing research for a paper. At some point between 4,45 PM and 4,55 PM, she was stabbed a single time through the left breast with a knife, severing her pulmonary artery, Police believe Aardsma was most likely attacked from behind, as her hands bore no defensive wounds. Following the stabbing, Aardsma slumped to the ground, approximately one or two minutes later, one or two men exited the central region of the library, telling a desk clerk that Somebody better help that girl as they left. The man or men who spoke to the desk clerk have never been identified, bystanders rendered first aid, including mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, to Aardsma and a call was placed to the campus hospital, the Ritenour Health Center, at 5,01 PM.
By 5,19 PM, an ambulance had transported Aardsma to the Health Center, after Aardsma was stabbed, the wound produced only a small amount of visible blood. Also, Aardsma was wearing a red dress at the time, as result of these two facts, the first responders thought that perhaps she had experienced a seizure or some other medical ailment. It was not until Aardsma was examined at the Health Center that anyone realized that she had been stabbed, the murder of Betsy Aardsma has remained unsolved for 47 years as of April 9,2017 and the Pennsylvania State Police are still actively seeking information on the case. List of unsolved deaths Mystery of the girl in the stacks continues to intrigue public, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, who Killed Betsy Aardsma, LancasterOnline, October 10,2010
Greg Abate is a jazz saxophonist, flautist and arranger. He grew up in Woonsocket, Rhode Island, in the fifth grade he began to play clarinet. After high school, he attended Berklee College of Music in Boston, later, a second trip to Los Angeles landed him an audition – and the lead alto chair – in the Ray Charles Band from 1973 through 1974. Soon afterwards, Abate formed a sextet called Channel One, the groups only album, Without Boundaries, was released in 1980. Living in northern Rhode Island, Abate settled in the section with Tony Giorgiannis Sax Odyssey. In 1986 Abate was hired by Dick Johnson to be the tenor in the Artie Shaw Band, Abate has appeared with Jerome Richardson and Red Rodney. Candid Records, impressed by his playing, agreed to put out a live recording, more albums followed, including Straight Ahead, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Bop Lives with Kenny Barron Trio and Happy Samba. Abate currently resides in Coventry, Rhode Island with his sons and he teaches students at Rhode Island College, and plays with his quartet locally and around the world.
Without Boundaries, World Records Bop City, Live at Birdland, Candid Straight Ahead, Candid Its Christmas Time, Brownstone Recordings Dr Jeckyll & Mr Hyde, Candid Bop Lives
Syed Zaheer Abbas Kirmani, popularly known as Zaheer Abbas, is a former Pakistani cricketer. He is among few professional cricketers who used to wear spectacles, in 1982/1983, he became the first batsman to score three consecutive centuries in one-day internationals. Abbas made his Test match debut in 1969, and in his second Test he scored 274 against England and this was the first of four Test double-centuries that Abbas made, only two men from Pakistan have scored more. Abbas, fondly called the Run Machine, had success in first-class cricket. He had a stint with Gloucestershire county club, joining the county in 1972. During that time he scored over a thousand runs in the majority of his thirteen seasons and he made over two thousand runs in a single season on two occasions for the club. During those thirteen years at Gloucestershire, he played 206 First Class games and he averaged 49.79, hitting 49 hundreds and 76 fifties. Abbas is the player to have scored a century and double century in a first-class match 4 times.
Abbas had two stints as captain of the team in 1981 and 1984. He retired from cricket in 1985, and has officiated as a match referee in one Test. He has worked as the manager of the national team, in 2015 he became ICC president, the third cricketer after Colin Cowdrey and Clyde Walcott, to hold the post. Zaheer Abbas holds the record for scoring the most number of runs by any batsman in a 4 match ODI series in 1982, at his best, Zaheer was a fluent, gifted strokemaker. Imran Khan once noted that if he and Javed Miandad were to bat together at their best and it was not uncommon for him to return with a strike rate of over 80 in big hundreds even in test matches as the Indians in 1982–83 came to know. These attributes made him unconquerable on English wickets where medium-pace and finger-spin was the staple on soft, for all his strengths though, Zaheer was not a man of crises unlike his contemporaries, Asif Iqbal and Majid Khan and Javed Miandad. None of his 12 hundreds came under testing situations and apart from his 80 at Guyana against the West Indies in 1977 and he was at his peak during the 1982–83 season when he hit four one-day international hundreds, regularly reaching the three-figure mark off 70 to 80 balls effortlessly.
His versatility lay in adapting his game according to the situation as Australians once found out when he calmly and quietly compiled a swift 84 off 100 odd balls without a boundary, Zaheer Abbas at CricketArchive Zaheer Abbas at ESPNcricinfo
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar is an American retired professional basketball player who played 20 seasons in the National Basketball Association for the Milwaukee Bucks and the Los Angeles Lakers. During his career as a center, Abdul-Jabbar was a record six-time NBA Most Valuable Player, a record 19-time NBA All-Star, a 15-time All-NBA selection, and an 11-time NBA All-Defensive Team member. A member of six NBA championship teams as a player and two as an assistant coach, Abdul-Jabbar twice was voted NBA Finals MVP, in 1996, he was honored as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History. NBA coach Pat Riley and players Isiah Thomas and Julius Erving have called him the greatest basketball player of all time, drafted by the one-season-old Bucks franchise in the 1969 NBA draft with the first overall pick, Alcindor spent six seasons in Milwaukee. After winning his first NBA championship in 1971, he adopted the Muslim name Kareem Abdul-Jabbar at age 24, using his trademark skyhook shot, he established himself as one of the leagues top scorers.
In 1975, he was traded to the Lakers, with whom he played the last 14 seasons of his career, Abdul-Jabbars contributions were a key component in the Showtime era of Lakers basketball. Over his 20-year NBA career his team succeeded in making the playoffs 18 times and past the 1st round in 14 of them and he remains the all-time leading scorer in the NBA, and is ranked 3rd all-time in both rebounds and blocks. In 2007, ESPN voted him the greatest center of all time, in 2008, they named him the greatest player in basketball history. Abdul-Jabbar has been an actor, a coach. In 2012, he was selected by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to be a U. S. global cultural ambassador, in 2016, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama. Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor, Jr. was born in New York City, the child of Cora Lillian, a department store price checker. At birth, he weighed 12 pounds 11 ounces and was 22 1⁄2 inches long and he was raised as a Roman Catholic and attended Power Memorial Academy, a Catholic high school in Manhattan.
From an early age, Lew Alcindor began his record-breaking basketball accomplishments and this earned him a nickname—The tower from Power. His 2,067 total points were a New York City high school record, the team won the national high school boys basketball championship when Alcindor was in 11th grade, and was runner-up his senior year. Alcindor played on the UCLA freshman team only because the rule was in effect. In his first college game, Lew set a UCLA single game record with 56 points, in 1967 and 1968, he won USBWA College Player of the Year which became the Oscar Robertson Trophy. Alcindor became the player to win the Helms Foundation Player of the Year award three times. The 1965–66 UCLA Bruin team was the preseason #1, but on November 27,1965, the freshman team led by Alcindor defeated the varsity team 75–60 in the first game in the new Pauley Pavilion