England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west, the Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east, the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain in its centre and south, and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly, and the Isle of Wight. England became a state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the worlds first industrialised nation, Englands terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north and in the southwest, the capital is London, which is the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain, the name England is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means land of the Angles. The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages, the Angles came from the Angeln peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea. The earliest recorded use of the term, as Engla londe, is in the ninth century translation into Old English of Bedes Ecclesiastical History of the English People. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars, it has been suggested that it derives from the shape of the Angeln peninsula, an angular shape. An alternative name for England is Albion, the name Albion originally referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus, specifically the 4th century BC De Mundo, in it are two very large islands called Britannia, these are Albion and Ierne. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, the word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins. Albion is now applied to England in a poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England, Lloegr, the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximately 780,000 years ago. The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date from 500,000 years ago, Modern humans are known to have inhabited the area during the Upper Paleolithic period, though permanent settlements were only established within the last 6,000 years
January 1 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade inaugurated. Railways of Britain are nationalized to form British Railways, the Constitution of the Italian Republic goes into effect. The latest Constitution of New Jersey goes into effect, january 5 – Warner Brothers shows the first color newsreel. January 7 – Kentucky Air National Guard pilot Thomas Mantell crashes while in pursuit of a supposed UFO, january 12 – Mahatma Gandhi begins his fast-unto-death in Delhi to stop communal violence during the Partition of India. January 17 – A truce is declared between nationalist Indonesian and Dutch troops in Java, january 22 – British foreign secretary Ernest Bevin proposes the formation of a Western Union between Britain, France, and the Benelux countries to stand up against the Soviet Union. The Treaty of Brussels is signed March 17 as a consequence, january 29 The Pakistan Socialist Party is founded in Karachi. DC-3 aircraft crash at Los Gatos Creek, near Coalinga, California, kills four US citizens and 28 deportees, january 30 Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, Indian pacifist and leader Mahatma Gandhi is shot by Nathuram Godse in New Delhi. Also on this day Orville Wright of the pioneering aviators the Wright Brothers dies in Dayton,1948 Winter Olympics open in St. Moritz, Switzerland. January 31 – The British crown colony of the Malayan Union, Penang, february 1 The Soviet Union begins to jam Voice of America broadcasts. Proclamation of the Federation of Malaya, february 4 – Ceylon becomes an independent kingdom within the British Commonwealth. February 16 – Miranda, innermost of the moons of Uranus, is discovered by Gerard Kuiper. February 18 – Éamon de Valera, Irish head of government since 1932, John A. Costello is appointed Taoiseach by President Seán T. OKelly. February 19 – The Conference of Youth and Students of Southeast Asia Fighting for Freedom, february 21 – The United States stock car racing organization NASCAR is founded by Bill France, Sr. with other drivers. February 22 – The first of the Ben Yehuda Street bombings in Jerusalem kills between 49 and 58 civilians and injures between 140 and 200, the 2nd Congress of the Communist Party of India convenes in Calcutta. March 8 – McCollum v. Board of Education, The United States Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools violates the U. S. Constitution, March 12 – The Costa Rican Civil War begins. March 16 – The largest flood in the history of Brampton, Ontario, March 17 Treaty of Brussels signed by Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, providing for economic, social and cultural collaboration and collective self-defence. The Hells Angels motorcycle gang is founded in California, March 18 – The Round Table Conference in The Hague, Netherlands for the preparation of the decolonization process for Aruba and the other Dutch Colonies. March 20 Singapore holds its first elections, renowned Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini makes his television debut, conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra in an all-Wagner program in the United States
Aldwickbury School is an independent all-boys preparatory school located on the outskirts of Harpenden, Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. The school dates its history from 1937 when Kenneth Castle took over as headmaster of Lea House School in Harpenden, the school consists partly of day pupils and partly of weekly boarders. The school had approximately 65 pupils at its inception, but has over 350 pupils today, to date, the school has had only four headmasters, Kenneth Castle Brian Chidell Peter Jeffery Vernon Hales Tim Rice, lyricist Attended 1950-. Although not officially affiliated with any school, a substantial number of Aldwickburys pupils attend St Albans School, Bedford School, The Leys. Aldwickbury school - official site Inspection reports
Boreham Wood F.C.
Boreham Wood Football Club is a football club based in Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, England. They are currently members of the National League and play at Meadow Park, established in 1948, they are known as the Wood and have a local rivalry with St Albans City. The club was established in 1948 as a merger of Boreham Rovers and Royal Retournez, in 1951 they joined the Parthenon League, and finished as runners-up in 1953–54 and 1954–55 before winning the title in 1955–56. After finishing as runners-up again in 1956–57, they joined the Spartan League and they finished as runners-up in 1963–64 and again in 1965–66, after which they switched to Division Two of the Athenian League. The 1968–69 season saw Boreham Wood win Division Two, earning promotion to Division One, the following season they finished as runners-up in Division One and were promoted to the Premier Division. At the end of the season the club joined Division Two of the Isthmian League and they won the division in 1976–77 and were promoted to the renamed Premier Division. The following season saw them reach the first round of the FA Cup again, the club remained in the Premier Division until being relegated to Division One at the end of the 1981–82 season, in which they finished bottom of the table. In 1994–95 they were Division One champions, and were promoted back to the Premier Division, the 1996–97 season saw them reach the second round of the FA Cup for the first time after they beat Rushden & Diamonds 3–2 in a first round replay. In the second round they lost 2–1 at Luton Town, in the same season they also won the Isthmian League Cup. They repeated their FA Cup feat the following season, beating Hayes in the first round before losing 2–0 to Cheltenham Town in a replay, in 1998–99 they reached the first round again, losing 3–2 at home to Luton. After being relegated in 1999–2000 they won Division One at the first attempt to make a return to the Premier Division. However, they were relegated again at the end of the 2002–03 season, although the season did see them reach the FA Cup first round again, after one season in Division One North, they were transferred to Division One East of the Southern League. The 2012–13 and 2013–14 seasons saw the club reach the FA Cup first round again, losing at home to Brentford, in 2014–15 Boreham Wood finished as runners-up in the Conference South. In the subsequent play-offs, they beat Havant & Waterlooville 4–2 on aggregate before defeating Whitehawk 2–1 in the final to earn promotion to the renamed National League. Their first season in the National League saw a tenth FA Cup first round appearance, the club initially played at Eldon Avenue until moving to Meadow Park in 1963. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. C. Players Boreham Wood F. C. managers Official website
Bradford Dudley Hill
Bradford Dudley Hill Rugby League Club is an English rugby league team based in Bradford, West Yorkshire. Originally formed after the First World War, the club was re-established in 1948, established just after the First World War, Dudley Hill originally played on the old Bierley estate. They were led by rugby league player Stanley Brogden who, after his career as a stand-off with Leeds, Yorkshire and Great Britain, wanted to put something back into the grassroots of rugby league. The club was disbanded prior to the Second World War, and was reformed in 1948, due to Les Brady, who was running the successful Bierley under 18 team at the time, Vincent Heslop and Danny Cullerton. Heslop advertised in the Telegraph & Argus for players and, together with players progressing from the Bierley under 18 team, funds were raised by various means, including a football buster and Bradford Northern forecast. The first match played was at Queensbury, which Dudley Hill lost by over 50 points to nil, the first win of the season was at Prince Smith and Steels, four points to eight. One of the Dudley Hill Players broke his arm and Heslop, who had the available transport. As there was no insurance available, a collection was taken every week for injured players, at the end of the season, Dudley Hill finished just above Prince Smith and Steels, who were bottom of the league. Various changing rooms were used during this period, but eventually the Imperial Hotel on Tong Street was used, eventually, a boiler and bath were installed, and washing facilities improved. Even so, players would use the cottage baths at the entrance to Knowles Lane Recreation Ground. For away matches, the players usually met outside sports shops in the centre of Bradford, home matches were played on various grounds, Knowles Recreation Ground, Knowles Lane and Odsal Rec. Mick Oldfield became the first Dudley Hill player to play for Yorkshire in the period, Heslop was the first to progress to Bradford Northern. The formation of the British Amateur Rugby League Association in 1973 was to be the catalyst for Dudley Hill to move forward, in that season the club finished bottom of the old Bradford League. As a result, when the leagues were established, Dudley Hill were placed in the new Pennine League 3rd Division. In successive years, the club progressed to the first division, even with improved results and a stronger team, it was not until 1979 that Dudley Hill won their first trophy as winners of the Bradford League seven-a-side competition. The clubs ambition was realised in 1986 when they one of the ten inaugural teams in the National League. In December 1976 16-year-old Neil Hunt died after sustaining a neck in a one-on-one tackle during a match. On 1 September 1979 the club moved to the new Neil Hunt Memorial Ground, in December 2001, in 1990 Dudley Hill won the National League title, and in 1991 were beaten in the BARLA National Cup final in Salford
National Freight Corporation
The National Freight Corporation was a major British transport business between 1948 and 2000. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange and at one time, the National Freight Corporation was established in 1948 as British Road Services. It was the transport company formed by the nationalisation of Britains road haulage industry, under the British Transport Commission. From 1963 the company was administered by the Transport Holding Company and had four main operating areas, British Road Services, BRS Parcels, Pickfords, on 1 January 1969 it was renamed the National Freight Corporation. On the same date a 51% share in Freightliner was transfered from the British Rail Board and this was transferred back to the BRB on 1 August 1978. In 1980 the assets of the National Freight Corporation were transferred to the National Freight Company, in 1982, the company was sold to its employees as the National Freight Consortium in one of the first privatisations of state-owned industry. The new company was first listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1989, BRS Parcels was rebranded as Roadline and was sold in a management buy-out as LYNX Express in 1997. NFC disposed of Pickfords in 1999 to Allied Van Lines, in 2000 the company merged with Ocean Group plc to form Exel plc. Media related to British Road Services at Wikimedia Commons E. J
Cannizaro Park is a public park in Wimbledon in the London Borough of Merton. It is located to the south of Wimbledon Common and is known for its landscaped gardens with ponds. The park is the remnant of the gardens of the country house at its centre. The house, originally known as Warren House, was built in the 18th century and was owned by the Grosvenor and Drax families who, for most of its history, let it to a series of wealthy tenants. The adjacent Royal Wimbledon golf course and the parts of Wimbledon village were also once parts of the estate. Between 1785 and 1806, Home Secretary and Secretary of State for War, Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, at this time it was a major social centre for royalty and senior politicians. Dundas organised the landscaping of the gardens, the structure of which remains today. Lady Jane Wood in the gardens is a memorial to his wife, in 1817, Sicilian Francis Platamone, Count St. The Count left his wife and returned to Italy in 1832 when he inherited the title Duke of Cannizzaro, the Duchess remained at Warren House until she died in 1841. After her death the house came to be known by her husbands title, a major fire at the beginning of the 20th century destroyed much of the house but it was rebuilt and extended to its current arrangement. In the 1920s Cannizaro House was owned by Admiral Plunkett-Ernle-Erle-Drax and he sold it to the Wilson family, its last private owners. During his exile from Ethiopia, Emperor Haile Selassie stayed in Wimbledon, the Wilsons owned the house until the late 1940s and made a series of improvements in the gardens with the planting of new trees, Rhododendrons, Azaleas and Camellias. In 1947, the house and gardens were sold to Wimbledon Borough Council, the gardens were opened to the public shortly afterwards and the house was for a time used as a nursing home. The London Borough of Merton sold the house in the 1980s, the surrounding gardens remain in council ownership and are open to the public. Most parts are maintained, keeping the character of a large private garden, with many distinct areas and small garden rooms. For a number of years the Italian Gardens saw opera performances in the summer as part of the Cannizaro Festival, Cannizzaro is a touristy locality on the Ionian shelvy coast of Eastern Sicily between Aci Castello and Catania. One of the main Etnean medical centres bears the name of Ospedale Cannizzaro since it has been built within its territorial bounds, in both cases the primeval scenery that inspired the local naming has been ravaged over the centuries by many changes due to frequent lava streams and blasting eruptions
Castle Court School
Castle Court School is a co-educational, preparatory school located near the village of Corfe Mullen in the county of Dorset, England. Castle Court School is located in 35 acres of grounds in rural countryside and it is about a mile northwest of the centre of Corfe Mullen,4 miles north-northwest of Poole,8 miles northwest of Bournemouth and 9 miles southeast of Blandford Forum. Much of the country is farmland, but the forest plantations of Henbury. Castle Court School was founded in 1948 by teacher, Donald Scott and it was originally based at Castle Hill in the Parkstone quarter of Poole. In 1968, having outgrown its first home, the school moved ten miles away to a house, Knoll Cottage, with a 35-acre estate. The house was built in the 1780s for a member of the Coventry family, in the 1970s the school began admitting girls for the first time. It added a department in the 80s and now has a nursery. By 2009, the school had around 300 pupils of whom about 60% were boys, the school was founded by the Scotts to provide a first-class Christian education. Today, strong Christian principles still underpin all it does, although it welcomes pupils of all faiths, a very high priority is placed on pastoral care and also on principles such as sensitivity, thoughtfulness and consideration for others
Chelsea F.C. Under-23s and Academy
Reserves are the under-23 team of Chelsea Football Club. They play in the Premier League 2, which is the top level of football in England. They were the Champions in the 2013–14 season, the team mainly consists of Under-21 players at the club, although senior players occasionally have an appearance, for instance when they are recovering from injury. The under-23 team is coached by Adrian Viveash, Academy are the under-18 team of Chelsea Football Club. It is a member of the Professional U18 Development League and they have won the FA Youth Cup seven times, in 1960,1961,2010,2012,2014,2015 and 2016 and ended being runners-up in 1958,2008 and 2013. The youth team is coached by Joe Edwards, from 2013–14 season, the under-23 team play their home games at Aldershot Towns Recreation Ground. The under-18 team play their games at the clubs Cobham Training Centre at Cobham in Surrey. Both teams occasionally use the home ground Stamford Bridge for important matches. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Graduates of Chelseas academy and A teams who won at least one international cap. NB, Bold players are playing for the club, including those that are currently out on loan to other clubs. Source, chelseafc. com — Academy graduates who play for Chelsea
Corby Town F.C.
Corby Town Football Club is a football club based in Corby, Northamptonshire, England. They are currently members of the Northern Premier League Premier Division, the club was established in 1948, taking over from Stewarts & Lloyds as the main team in the town. The new team contained a mix of Stewarts & Lloyds and new players and their first league match saw them win 5–1 against Wellingborough Town. In front of a crowd of 6,294, Corby lost the match, in 1954–55 the club reached the first round of the FA Cup for the first time, losing 2–0 at home to Watford. In 1958 Corby transferred to the Southern League, spending their first season in the North-Western Division, despite only finishing sixth in 1961–62, Corby applied for election to the Football League. However, they failed to receive a single vote, after finishing seventh the following season the club applied again, and again received no votes. In 1963–64 they reached the first round of the FA Cup for a second time and they appeared in the first round again the following season, losing 3–1 at home to Hartlepools United. The season also saw them finish fourth in Division One, earning promotion to the Premier Division, in the third round they were beaten 6–0 at Plymouth Argyle. The club applied for Football League membership for a fourth time, the club made their final application in 1966–67, again receiving no votes. The following season saw another FA Cup first round appearance but ended in relegation to Division One, in 1971 the club were placed in Division One North after league reorganisation. Further reorganisation in 1979 and 1982 saw them placed in the Midland Division, after finishing bottom of the Premier Division in 1994–95, the club were relegated again. In 1998 they were moved to the Division One South, after being transferred to Division One West in 2004, they were moved back to Division One East the following season. In 2005–06 they finished second, and were promoted to the Premier Division, the 2008–09 season saw Corby win the Premier Division, earning promotion to the Conference North. In 2010–11 the club reached the first round of the FA Cup for the first time since the 1960s and they appeared in the first round again the following season, losing 3–1 at Bristol Rovers. After four seasons in the Conference North, Corby were relegated at the end of the 2012–13 season and they were Southern League Premier Division champions again in 2014–15 and were promoted back to the renamed National League North. However, another relegation in 2015–16 saw the club relegated to the Premier Division of the Northern Premier League, the club originally played at Occupation Road. The new ground was opened on 6 September 1985 by Neil Kinnock, in 2011 the club moved to Steel Park, built adjacent to the athletics stadium. The first match was played on 25 July 2011, a 2–0 win over Notts County and it has a capacity of 3,893, of which 577 is seated. C
The Courier (Newcastle University newspaper)
The Courier is the free student weekly newspaper of Newcastle Universitys Student Union. It entirely written and edited by student volunteers, except for chief editor, articles included in the print edition are also published online. The newspaper is divided into sections, including news, comment, sport, puzzles, lifestyle, music, film, TV, beauty, fashion, arts, gaming and science. The newspaper is published every week during term time, usually on a Monday unless a major news or sports event warrants a delay and it averages 40 pages in length. The current editor is Jade Holroyd, who succeeded Victoria Armstrong in the summer of 2016, the Courier has won numerous awards including The Guardians Student Newspaper of the Year award. In 2008, The Courier design editor Kerry Hyndman came runner up in the Guardian Student media award for Design for her work on the newspapers entertainment pull-out, the Courier Website Newcastle Universitys Union Society
Denman, formally Denman College, is a residential adult education college centred on Marcham Park at Marcham in the English county of Oxfordshire. Founded by the National Federation of Women’s Institutes in 1948, Denman offers day schools and residential courses in cookery, craft, the central Georgian House was previously called Marcham Park and stands on the site of the original manor house of Marcham which was a grange of Abingdon Abbey. The present house dates from the late 17th century, but was remodelled for Thomas Duffield in around 1820. Its most well-known resident was Duffields grandfather-in-law, the infamous miser, the college was formally established in 1948, and named after Lady Denman, the first chairwoman of the WI federation. Today, students attending Denman do not have to be members of the WI, residential courses at Denman last between one and four nights, although non-residential day courses are also offered. Course subject areas include the arts, crafts, music, history, sport, Denman is also the home of the WI Cookery School. Denman Homepage WI Cookery School Homepage
Eastern Electricity plc was an electricity supply and distribution utility serving eastern England, including East Anglia and part of Greater London. It was renamed Eastern Group under which name it was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was a constituent of the FTSE100 Index until it was acquired by Hanson plc in 1995 and it had its origins as the BC&H which was nationalised in 1948. The old company was in fact The Beds Cambs and Hunts, many of the employees who worked for the BC&H had their electricity tariff frozen at the 1948 figure. My father who died in 2004 had a charge of 2/6 pence with a unit charge of one old penny. This concession ceased when he died in 2004, many of the Power station employees had a fixed rate of three farthings per unit. The Eastern Electricity Board formed in 1948 as part of the nationalisation of the electricity industry by the Electricity Act 1947, in 1990 the assets of the board passed to Eastern Electricity plc, one of the regional electricity companies formed by the Electricity Act 1989. It subsequently became known as Eastern Group, with offices across the east of England including Norwich and Ipswich, in 1995 Hanson plc gained control of Eastern Group. Hanson ownership lasted until 1997 when The Energy Group was demerged from Hanson plc, then in 1998 the Energy Group was bought by TXU Europe. Following the acquisition Texas Utilities was renamed TXU, with The Energy Group becoming TXU Energi, in October 2002 TXU announced it was pulling out of Europe due mainly to the collapse of its UK operations. Powergen purchased TXUs UK businesses for £1. 37bn later that year, the companys distribution rights were sold on to EDF Energy, owners of London Electricity, SWEB Energy and SEEBOARD, three other former regional electricity companies. The Eastern, London and South-Eastern distribution networks were later sold on to UK Power Networks, in 2006, artist Rory Macbeth painted Sir Thomas More’s entire novel Utopia onto an old Eastern Electricity building on Westwick Street in Norwich. Companies merged into Eastern Electricity Board
Eccleshill United F.C.
For the club in Staffordshire, see Eccleshall F. C. Eccleshill United Football Club is a football club based in Wrose, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. They are currently members of the Northern Counties East League Division One, the club was established prior to World War II but was disbanded due to the war. It was re-established in 1948 and were members of the Bradford Amateur League in the 1950s. The club won the Bradford Amateur League Cup in 1961–62, and later moved up to the West Riding County Amateur League, reaching the Premier Division in 1972, in 1982 the club applied to join the Northern Counties East League, but were rejected. The following season saw the club retain the Bradford & District Senior Cup, at the end of the 1985–86 season Division Three was abolished and Eccleshill were moved up to Division Two. They finished as runners-up in 1986–87 and were promoted to Division One, despite only finishing fifth in 1990–91, they were promoted to the Premier Division. The club spent three seasons in the Premier Division before being relegated at the end of the 1993–94 season, after winning Division One in 1996–97, the club were promoted back to the Premier Division. In 2008–09 they finished bottom of the Premier Division and were relegated back to Division One, in 2013–14 the club won the West Riding County Challenge Cup. The club initially played at the Recreation Ground, before moving to Acre Fields in the 1950s, in 1963 land was purchased at a former quarry at Plumpton Park, which was developed into two football pitches. A clubhouse was built in 1974 and terracing installed in the early 1980s as the club looked to move up to the Northern Counties East League, the ground currently has a capacity of 2,225, of which 225 is seated and 415 covered. C. Players Eccleshill United F. C. managers Official website
Fleet Spurs F.C.
Fleet Spurs F. C. are a football club based in Fleet, England. They play in the Wessex League Division One, the club is affiliated to the Hampshire Football Association and is an FA Charter Standard Development club. Fleet Spurs were established in 1948, originally playing friendlies, in 1951 the club then joined the Aldershot & District Football League, where they remained until the end of the 1964–65 season. For the 1965–66 season the club joined the Surrey Premier League, the club, though, returned to the Aldershot & District League from the 1971–72 season. They joined Division Three of the Hampshire League in 1991 after becoming dual Aldershot Senior League champions, in their first season in the Hampshire League they immediately gained promotion to Division Two. Six seasons later in the 1997–98 they gained promotion as they climbed to Division One as Division Two champions. At the end of the 2006–07 season Division Three was renamed Division Two, since then the club has remained as a member of the Wessex League Division One. In the 2010–11 season the club made its debut in its first FA national competition when they entered the FA Vase for the first time, a season later the club made their debut in the FA Cup getting knocked out by fellow debutants Shrewton United. In November 2013, they were obliged to change their badge, Fleet Spurs play their games at Kennels Lane in Southwood, near Farnborough. Note, Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
FWA Footballer of the Year
The Football Writers Association Footballer of the Year is an annual award given to the player who is adjudged to have been the best of the season in English football. The award has been presented since the 1947–48 season, when the winner was Blackpool winger Stanley Matthews. The latest winner of the award as of 2015–16, is Jamie Vardy of Leicester City, eight players have won the award on more than one occasion, the most recent being Cristiano Ronaldo, who won his second award in the 2007–08 season. Thierry Henry has won the award on the most occasions, having won three times in four seasons, the winner is selected by a vote amongst the members of the Football Writers Association, which comprises around 400 football journalists based throughout England. The award was instigated at the suggestion of Charles Buchan, a professional footballer turned journalist. The award has been presented on 69 occasions as of 2015, on one occasion two players shared the award for a season. ‡ — two winners PFA Players Player of the Year SPFA Players Player of the Year SFWA Footballer of the Year PFAI Players Player of the Year Football Writers Association
GMW Architects was an architectural practice based in the United Kingdom. In August 2015, the firm was taken over by another business, Scott Brownrigg, the practice was established in 1947 by Frank Gollins, James Melvin, and Edmund Ward and operated as Gollins Melvin Ward. In 1974 the three retired, leaving a well-established practice. Soon after GMW was awarded a commission to design the King Saud University in Saudi Arabia, in 1983 the firm was appointed to design the new Barclays Bank headquarters building at 54 Lombard Street and in 1994 the practice was appointed to handle the refurbishment of Tower 42 in London. It was amongst the systems of its time, selling many hundreds of copies at a time when computer-aided design was rare. By the time of its 2015 acquisition by Scott Brownrigg, GMW had become a transport specialist, following the acquisition, the Battersea, London-based practice was to cease working under its own name
Grand Union Canal Carrying Company
The Grand Union Canal Carrying Company was a freight carrying transport service in England from 1934 to 1948. For more detail on this see the History of the Grand Union Canal. In 1929 the Regents Canal bought the Grand Junction Canal and a new company the Grand Union Canal was established, later that year the new company bought the Warwick Canals. In 1932 the Grand Union Canal bought the Leicester and Loughborough Navigations, for the first time the main line from London to Birmingham and the River Trent were all owned by one company with the exception of the Oxford Canal between Braunston and Napton. The Grand Union Company attempted to buy the Oxford Canal but the agreement failed, the Grand Union Canal was now over 300 miles long. A main objective was to create a route capable of taking 14 ft barges or two boats from London to Birmingham. The new company bought Associated Canal Carriers Ltd. and started the Grand Union Canal Carrying Company Ltd in 1934, the boats were marked with GUCCC as an abbreviation for the company name. The company secured new traffic in the 1930s and ordered new boats from W. J. Yarwood & Sons of Northwich, Harland and Wolff at Woolwich and W. H. Walker, eventually the company acquired around 186 pairs of boats of a new improved design. The boats acquired the nicknames Woolwichs, Northwichs and Rickys, with the outbreak of World War II men again left the canal. In 1942 the Ministry of War Transport took control, for the duration of the war the company made a loss. The assets were taken over by the British Transport Commission on 1 January 1949
Grantham College is a further education and Sixth Form college located in Grantham, Lincolnshire, England. Grantham College was previously known as the Grantham College for Further Education, mary Large, the Chairman of the Kesteven Education Committee, said that more young people preferred to go to college rather than stay in a school sixth form because of the more adult atmosphere. In 1973 the Education Secretary, Margaret Thatcher, had to approve the plan, in April 1974 control of the college passed from Kesteven to Lincolnshire County Council in Lincoln. Later, in 1979, it became Grantham College of Further Education, in the early 1990s control passed to the FEFC, then to the East Midlands Learning and Skills Council based at Leicester. Also in the early 1990s the college name was shortened to Grantham College and it is now an Associate College of the University of Bedfordshire, and Bishop Grosseteste University College, and through these it offers HND, HNC, and Foundation degree courses. The college was never officially a fully developed sixth form college, although used for that purpose, from September 2010 the College provided for equestrian courses at The Paddocks Equestrian Centre at Hough-on-the-Hill, a village to the north of Grantham. Grantham Colleges Elsham House building was built by Richard Hornsby & Sons in the 1860s, the College has 77 residential places in Sedgwick Hall and Sedgwick Mews halls of residence. A satellite to Grantham College is Sleaford College, in the town of Sleaford. Grantham College is accessed via the A1 and East Coast Main Line, however, most College usage is by those who live in close proximity. Similar education is further north from Grantham, at Lincoln Colleges sites in Lincoln and Newark-on-Trent. The other nearby Lincolnshire towns of Spalding and Bourne do not have FE colleges, beverley Allitt - Serial killer nurse. W. Retrieved 8 July 2013 Grantham College, EduBase2
Hastings Miniature Railway
The Hastings Miniature Railway is a 10 1⁄4 in gauge miniature railway located on the seafront at Hastings, a seaside resort, town, and ancient cinque port, in East Sussex, England. Opened in 1948, it remains a popular tourist attraction to the present day, Howey, who built and owned the Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway, had a great interest in miniature railway locomotives generally, and acquired several locomotives of assorted gauges. One was a 10 1⁄4 in gauge model Great Western Railway pannier tank which Howey had rebuilt as an 0-6-0 tender locomotive named Firefly and he also acquired a scale model Royal Scot engine of the same gauge. Although these engines were of too narrow a gauge for his railway, they did briefly operate after the world war on a short length of track re-gauged for the purpose. They also operated near Dymchurch, on a section of 10 1⁄4 in gauge track established alongside the main 15 in gauge running lines just before the outbreak of war and they were then relocated to St Leonards-on-Sea where Howey operated a small miniature railway for less than a year. Local complaints led to the line being relocated to Hastings and sold to Ian Allan and Jim Hughes, Rock-a-Nore Station is the headquarters of the railway. Originally it had one platform, later developed to two, it has now returned to a single platform, a turntable was installed around 1960, and removed around 1980. In 2011 the turntable was restored, the station has always featured a station building, engine shed, carriage shed, and sidings. Since 2011 it also features a purpose-built engineering workshop, the station is located in the fishing industrys area of Hastings, and is surrounded by fishing net houses, fishing boats, and the fishermens church and museum. East Beach Street Station was the western terminus of the line from 1948 to 1959. Also known as East Beach Station and as East Hastings Station, after the line was extended westwards in 1959, East Beach Street became a through station, and was equipped with signals to permit two-train operation. The central island platform was removed in 1981 and the loop was removed in 1990. However, in 2010 the passing loop was restored, and trains now pass each other at this location again, one platform is still in place. The station is located on the beach, near the lifeboat station, Marine Parade Station has been the western terminus of the railway since 1959. There is a platform, a large station building and ticket office. The station is located in the centre of the tourist area of Hastings, on the main coast road, and is surrounded by hotels, attractions, rides, amusements, following track relaying in early 2012, the station track-plan also features a short siding. This station has variously been named East Hastings Station, East Beach Station, for a while in the 1950s scale model buses were operated alongside the station in a similar manner to the Kerrs Miniature Railway today. In 1959 the line was extended to a new terminus at Marine Parade, provided with a station and run-round loop
Hengrove Athletic F.C.
Hengrove Athletic Football Club are a football club which is based in the Bristol suburb of Hengrove. They are currently members of the Western League Division One and play at Norton Lane, the club is affiliated to the Somerset County FA. The club was founded in 1948 by ex-members of Christchurch Hengrove Boys Club playing at school pitches until moving to their current base at Norton Lane in 1964, the club played in the Bristol & Suburban League before the first team progressed to the Somerset County League in 1974. Their reserves play in the Somerset County League and their team plays in the Bristol & Suburban League. During the 1980s, the played in the FA Vase for seven seasons. The 2012–13 season saw the club promotion to the Premier division of the Western league when they finished as runners up behind Sherborne Town in Division One. They were relegated back to Division One at the end of the 2013-14 season, Hengrove Athletic play their home games at Norton Lane, Whitchurch, Bristol, BS14 0BT
Highgate United F.C.
Highgate United Football Club is an English football club that originated from the Highgate area of Birmingham and moved to the Shirley district of Solihull in the early 1960s. The club joined the Worcestershire Combination Division Two in 1964 and is now currently a member of the Midland League Premier Division at the tier of English football. Formed in 1948, Highgate joined the Worcestershire Combination in 1964, initially in Division Two, in 1967, Highgate played Enfield in the quarter-finals of the FA Amateur Cup. Midway through the first half, which was being played in heavy rain, One player, the Highgate centre half Tony Allden, did not recover consciousness and died the next day in hospital. As a gesture of goodwill and sympathy, Aston Villa agreed to host the replay of the game concerned and they also donated a new set of Aston Villa kit to Highgate United to use in the match, which ended with a 6–0 victory for Enfield. The replayed game drew an attendance of over 30,000 at Villa Park and he is commemorated by one of the Midland Combinations cup competitions, the Tony Allden Memorial Cup. The most successful period in the history was the mid-1970s. Following a 25-year planning battle, in 1997 floodlights were eventually turned on at the clubs Tythe Barn Lane ground, more success came Gates way in 2007, when they became the first team from the Birmingham and Solihull area to win the Coventry Evening Telegraph Cup. The following season the club were promoted to the Midland Football Alliance after finishing as runners-up in the Midland Combination Premier Division, following its near extinction the club was aided by volunteers who helped renovate the clubhouse and ex-Studley boss Lee Adams was appointed first team manager. Under Lee Adams, a rejuvenated Highgate finished 3rd in the Midland Football League Premier Division, despite their highest ever finish, Highgate United were relegated on ground grading issues
HM Prison Sudbury
HM Prison Sudbury is a Category D mens prison, located in the village of Sudbury in Derbyshire, England. The prison is operated by Her Majestys Prison Service, Sudbury was originally constructed as a hospital for the United States Air Force for the D-Day landings. In 1948, the old site was adapted for use as a prison. Original single storey accommodation from the hospital still houses prisoners today, in 2003, a new Modular Temporary Unit was constructed at the site. In December 2003, it emerged that 350 prisoners had absconded from Sudbury in five years, management at the prison stated that this was a consequence of the prison having more inmates. In June 2005, a report from Her Majestys Chief Inspector of Prisons praised Sudbury Prison. The report stated that Sudbury provided a safe and well-ordered environment for prisoners, however the report called for certain facilities to be improved at the prison, particularly for elderly and disabled prisoners. A further inspection report in September 2007, again praised Sudbury prison, the report however did call for better healthcare services at the prison. Sudbury is a Category D open prison for adult males, accommodation at the prison comprises a mixture of single and double occupancy rooms. Full-time and part-time education as well as evening classes are offered to inmates at HMP Sudbury, workshops and training courses include bricklaying, painting & decorating, industrial cleaning, farms and gardens, catering and site maintenance. A listener scheme for prisoners who may be at risk from suicide or self-harm is in operation, there is a voluntary drug testing unit and a drug support group offering counselling and support for inmates with drug problems Lee Hughes, former West Bromwich Albion striker. Darius Guppy Ben Gunn, blogger and prison reform campaigner Harry Roberts who murdered three policemen Ministry of Justice pages on Sudbury
Huntingdonshire County Cricket Club
Huntingdonshire County Cricket Club is one of the county clubs which make up the minor counties in the English domestic cricket structure, representing the historic county of Huntingdonshire. The club does not currently compete in either the Minor Counties Championship or MCCA Knockout Trophy, Cricket probably reached Huntingdonshire in the 17th century. The earliest reference to the game in the region is in neighbouring Cambridgeshire at the University of Cambridge in 1710. Huntingdonshire County Cricket Club was first formed in 1831 and existed until 1895, initially, until the early 1850s, matches were played against club sides but from the start of the 1850s the club found regular County opponents. Up until 1874 Huntingdonshire played home matches at Millers Holme, Godmanchester, from 1874 the club played at the Huntingdon Cricket Club Ground and continues to do so to this day. In 1895 the club was disbanded, in the 1920s the club was briefly reformed before folding once again. The current county club was formed in 1948, from 1999 to 2003, the county entered teams into the English domestic one-day competition, matches which had List-A status. The county played 7 List-A matches during this period, with the final List-A match it played coming against Cheshire, during this period, the club used The Parks, Godmanchester as its home ground. These grounds have also held List A and MCCA Knockout Trophy matches, a History of Cricket, Volume 1. From Commons to Lords, Volume One,1700 to 1750
Stoke Rochford Hall
Stoke Rochford Hall is a large house built in scenic grounds, with a nearby golf course, next to the A1 in south Lincolnshire, England. The parkland and gardens of Stoke Rochford Hall are listed Grade II* on the Register of Historic Parks, the remains of a Roman villa and bath house were identified by William Stukeley in 1739 and again in 1824 and 1960. The Neville family had a house on the site in the 14th century, the estate passed to the Rochfords in the 15th century, from whence comes the name of the estate, and to the Coneys in the 16th century. It was purchased by Sir Edmund Turnor around the time he was knighted in 1663 and he began building a grand house in 1665, which was demolished in 1774. In 1794 the Turnors built a house at Stoke, this was the house replaced by the current structure in the 1840s. The estate was occupied by Harry Wyndham Jefferson and his wife Gwendolen Mary Talbot at the beginning of the 20th century, the present building dating from 1843 was designed by architect William Burn, for Christopher Turnor. For the rest of the 19th century and early 20th century it was owned by the Turnor family, Christopher Turnors grandson sold 6,000 acres of the Wragby estate in 1917. He started holding summer conferences at the hall, in August 1940, the estate was taken over by his first cousin, Major Herbert Broke Turnor. In 1940 the house was requisitioned by the War Office, and it became the headquarters of the Second Battalion, the Parachute Regiment. It was in the library at Stoke Rochford that the ill-fated 1944 Arnhem ‘drop’ was planned and it retains a connection with education, as the training and conference centre of the National Union of Teachers. It is not solely used by the NUT, but is used by organisations and companies for conferences or seminars, being closely situated to the A1. It has banqueting facilities, a club and a restaurant. On 25 January 2005 a fire gutted the interior of the hall and it was restored by English Heritage which cost £12m over three years. The hall is built in a Jacobean style, with many chimneys and it was designed by William Burn, who also laid out the gardens in collaboration with William Andrews Nesfield. The gate lodge, also in a Jacobean style, was designed in 1834 by Cornelius Sherborne, the front elevation of the Elizabethan stables was re-erected and the stone frontispieces still stand in the park. This carries the dates 1676 and 1704, representing their original erection, a golf course was laid out in 1924 by Christopher Turnor. It is still in use and is home to Stoke Rochford golf club
Launceston Rugby Club are a Cornish rugby club and play in National League 3 South West, the fifth tier of the English rugby union system. The club was founded in 1948 after a meeting chaired by the then Headmaster of Launceston College, Mr Spencer Toy with Gordon Reeve, Eric Smith. By Spring 1949, the club had its own ground, rented from the council, with scaffolding poles for goal posts and ex-army huts for changing rooms and a clubhouse. The club moved to another site when the Town Council sold the land, the ground at Polson Bridge was purchased in 1969, with developments such as floodlights, enlarged clubhouse, present changing rooms and finally the grandstand being added over the years. In 1981 they then went on to win the Cornwall Senior Cup for the first of many since wins, LRFC gained promotion to National League Division 3 South in 2000 and were runner-up in their first season, losing in the play-off away to National 3 North side Sedgley Park. The following season, 2001–02, LRFC were 2nd again, but this won the play-off against Dudley Kingswinford. They were unfortunate to be relegated after a most unusual series of results on the last day of the season, however, in 2003–04 Launceston bounced right back by again finishing second but winning the play-off away to Halifax. LRFC finished in 5th position in National League Division 2 in 2004–05, the Cornish All Blacks were relegated when they had actually won more games than either of their two rivals. In truth the damage had been earlier in the season when losses against Newbury, Nottingham, Sedgley Park, Birmingham & Solihull, Esher came back to haunt the coaching staff. 2008–09, finished 7th in National League 1 2009–10, finished 3rd in National League 1, equivalent to 27th best club in the country. The highest result achieved by the Cornish All Blacks, 2010–11, Launceston Rugby Football Club Ltd went into administration. A new company Launceston Rugby Club Ltd was formed, the RFU gave the Cornish All Blacks a 20-point deduction. The Cornish All Blacks won only 10 of 30 games for a total of 44 after the 20 point deduction. Ironically 64 points was the minimum to prevent relegation, the Cornish All Blacks were relegated along with Redruth and Otley. 2011–12, finished 7th in National 2 South winning 16 of 30 games, 2012–13, finished 7th in National 2 South winning 14 of 28 games. 2013–14, finished 12th in National 2 South winning 15 of 30 games, 2014–15, finished 10th in National 2 South winning 12 of 30 games. 2015–16, finished 16th in National 2 South winning 0 of 30 games, also had a successful coaching career winning league titles at club level with Plymouth Albion as well as county championships with both Devon and Cornwall. Matt Jess - capped by Cornwall and England Counties XV, went on to make over 100 appearances for Exeter Chiefs, kieron Lewitt - former England U-19 international and Cornwall county player, who scored 1,193 points for the club
London Electricity Board
The London Electricity Board was the public sector utility company responsible for electricity generation and electrical infrastructure maintenance in London prior to 1990. It was shortened to LEB in its green and blue logo, as London Electricity plc it was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was once a constituent of the FTSE100 Index. The Company was acquired by Entergy, a US company in 1996, list of pre-nationalisation UK electric power companies EDF Energy
Longcroft School and Sixth Form College is a community secondary school situated in Beverley, East Riding of Yorkshire, England. Its catchment area covers the north of Beverley, Leconfield, Swinemoor and Molescroft and has a capacity of around 1,500 pupils, Longcroft School has served the community of Beverley and the villages of the wider rural area since it was officially opened in 1951. In more recent years, Longcroft acquired funding from the East Riding of Yorkshire Council, the facilities available at the school are used by many community groups and organisations during evenings, at weekends and during school holidays. The school changed its name to Longcroft School at some time between 2009 and 2012, as it was no longer a Performing Arts College, in 2015 it changed names again to become Longcroft School and Sixth Form College. Longcroft School is situated on the outskirts of Beverley, the campus being surrounded by countryside. The school has two buildings, known as the Lower School and Upper School. The Arts and Science Block, where the Sixth Form is based, has attached to the Upper School in recent years by additional classrooms. The site is over 50 acres and includes spaces for sporting activities. The quote was adopted as Longcroft’s motto, founded and directed by Jonathan Chapman, the Longcroft Gospel Choir is well known in the local area, and regularly performs at parties, ceremonies, weddings and music concerts. The choir comprises students from Year 9 and above and has a repertoire of music. In May 2015, it was announced that the Longcroft Gospel Choir will be one of twenty choirs in the UK to perform at, Longcroft Website Longcroft Statistics Ofsted Reports
Manchester Universities Guild of Change Ringers
The Manchester Universities Guild of Change Ringers is a bell ringing guild based in Greater Manchester, whose home tower is the Sacred Trinity in Salford. Most of the members are, or have been in the past, students attending the universities and colleges in Manchester, the guild is a member of the Northern Universities Association. The guild was formed in 1948 at the Victoria University of Manchester, the first recorded peal was of Grandsire Doubles on handbells in the belfry of Christ Church, West Didsbury, Manchester on 11 January 1950. Later, the guild acquired many associate members from UMIST, the University of Salford, MMU, as a result, the Guild separated from the University of Manchester Students Union, in the process changing the original University to its plural form. MUGCR is most active around South Manchester, notably in Fallowfield, on 16 May 1974 the guild completed a record-breaking peal comprising 100 triples methods with the maximum possible number of half-lead changes of method. This was to have been the greatest number of methods rung at the time. The peal was later shown to be technically incorrectly called and withdrawn, the guild successfully achieved the peal on 13 November 1974. On 27 June 1974 the guild rang a record-breaking peal comprising 360 triples methods and this was the most methods rung in any peal anywhere at the time with a photograph of the band appearing in the Ringing World. On 22 June 1975 the guild rang a peal of twelve spliced surprise methods and this was the most methods rung half-lead spliced. MUGCR Website CCCBR Felstead Database of Peals at Salford, Sacred Trinity
Mickleover Sports F.C.
Mickleover Sports Football Club is an English football club based in the Mickleover suburb of Derby, Derbyshire. They are members of the Northern Premier League Premier Division, the club plays its home matches at the Don Amott Arena, formerly known as the Mickleover Sports Ground and more commonly referred to as Station Road after the road on which it is located. The club was formed in 1948 and spent the first 44 years of their existence competing locally in the Derby, in 1993, they joined the Central Midlands Football League Premier Division, gaining promotion to the Supreme Division two years later. They moved up to Northern Counties East League Division One in 1999 and their most recent promotion, to the Northern Premier League, occurred at the end of the 2014–15 season. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Morrison Facilities Services
Morrison Facilities Services plc is a United Kingdom-based Public Limited Company that specialises in providing facilities services to private businesses and central and local government bodies. The core area of the business is the repairs and maintenance of social housing, Morrison is responsible for the maintenance of more than 400,000 properties in the United Kingdom. It was a subsidiary of Anglian Water Group, until Mears Group Plc bought this in November 2012, Morrison was founded by the Morrison family in 1948 in Tain, Scotland, as Morrison Construction. In the 1980s, 80% of the company was sold to Charter Consolidated, during 1989, the Morrison family repurchased the 80% of the business sold to Charter Consolidated earlier that decade, and also acquired the businesses of Biggs Wall and Shand Construction. These businesses merged to form a single Morrison Construction, in 1994, Morrison Construction listed on the London Stock Exchange as Morrison Construction Plc. In September 2000, Morrison Construction was purchased by AWG Plc, in March 2008, AWG sold the Utility Services division to two private equity firms, Cognetas and Englefield Capital for £235 million. Morrison FS has several contracts and subsidiaries nationwide, split into five regions, London & South, Midlands, East, North West, below is a list of current operations across the United Kingdom. Anglian Water Group Morrison Facilities Services Morrison Utilities Services Anglian Water Group AWG Yahoo profile