Soul music is a popular music genre that originated in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s. It combines elements of African-American gospel music, rhythm and blues, Soul music became popular for dancing and listening in the United States, where record labels such as Motown, Atlantic and Stax were influential during the Civil Rights Movement. Soul also became popular around the world, directly influencing rock music, catchy rhythms, stressed by handclaps and extemporaneous body moves, are an important feature of soul music. Other characteristics are a call and response between the lead vocalist and the chorus and a tense vocal sound. The style also occasionally uses improvisational additions, twirls and auxiliary sounds, Soul music reflected the African-American identity and it stressed the importance of an African-American culture. The new-found African-American consciousness led to new styles of music, which boasted pride in being black, Soul music dominated the U. S. R&B chart in the 1960s, and many recordings crossed over into the pop charts in the U. S. By 1968, the music genre had begun to splinter. Some soul artists developed funk music, while other singers and groups developed slicker, more sophisticated, by the early 1970s, soul music had been influenced by psychedelic rock and other genres, leading to psychedelic soul. The United States saw the development of neo soul around 1994, there are also several other subgenres and offshoots of soul music. The term soul had been used among African-American musicians to emphasize the feeling of being an African-American in the United States, according to another source, Soul music was the result of the urbanization and commercialization of rhythm and blues in the 60s. The phrase soul music itself, referring to music with secular lyrics, is first attested in 1961. The term soul in African-American parlance has connotations of African-American pride, gospel groups in the 1940s and 1950s occasionally used the term as part of their name. The jazz style that derived from gospel came to be called soul jazz, important innovators whose recordings in the 1950s contributed to the emergence of soul music included Clyde McPhatter, Hank Ballard, and Etta James. Ray Charles is often cited as popularizing the genre with his string of hits starting with 1954s I Got a Woman. Singer Bobby Womack said, Ray was the genius and he turned the world onto soul music. Charles was open in acknowledging the influence of Pilgrim Travelers vocalist Jesse Whitaker on his singing style, little Richard and James Brown were equally influential. Sam Cooke and Jackie Wilson are also acknowledged as soul forefathers. Cooke became popular as the singer of gospel group The Soul Stirrers
Tell Me Why (1956 song)
Tell Me Why is a popular song, written by Titus Turner in 1956. It is a slow, strong rhythm and blues ballad, and has a reminiscent of Just a Closer Walk With Thee. The first hit version was by Marie Knight, a black R&B singer, on the Mercurys subsidiary label and it was a local hit in the New Orleans and Texas. When it attracted attention, it went on to become a hit for Gale Storm and The Crew-Cuts in 1956. Presley recorded the track in 1957, but it was not released at that time and it reached #33 on the Billboard Hot 100 and became a gold record
This Little Girl's Gone Rockin'
This Little Girls Gone Rockin is a 1958 rhythm and blues single performed by Ruth Brown and released on Atlantic Records as Atlantic 1197 in the week of August 25. The song was written by Bobby Darin and Mann Curtis and it reached number 24 in Billboards pop charts. It was later covered by Glenda Collins, but her version remained unissued until the 1990s, similarly Alma Cogan recorded it in 1958, but this was also unissued at the time. A version by Janice Peters was released in the UK in 1958 but was not a hit, in 2006, Hummer used the song in one of their H3 commercials. Rosie Flores covered the song on her 2009 album Girl Of The Century recorded with The Pine Valley Cosmonauts released on Bloodshot Records