New York (state)
New York is a state in the northeastern United States, and is the 27th-most extensive, fourth-most populous, and seventh-most densely populated U. S. state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. With an estimated population of 8.55 million in 2015, New York City is the most populous city in the United States, the New York Metropolitan Area is one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. New York City makes up over 40% of the population of New York State, two-thirds of the states population lives in the New York City Metropolitan Area, and nearly 40% lives on Long Island. Both the state and New York City were named for the 17th-century Duke of York, the next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. New York has a diverse geography and these more mountainous regions are bisected by two major river valleys—the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley, which forms the core of the Erie Canal. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes Region and straddles Lake Ontario, between the two lakes lies Niagara Falls. The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. The first Europeans to arrive were French colonists and Jesuit missionaries who arrived southward from settlements at Montreal for trade, the British annexed the colony from the Dutch in 1664. The borders of the British colony, the Province of New York, were similar to those of the present-day state, New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. On April 17,1524 Verrazanno entered New York Bay, by way of the now called the Narrows into the northern bay which he named Santa Margherita. Verrazzano described it as a vast coastline with a delta in which every kind of ship could pass and he adds. This vast sheet of water swarmed with native boats and he landed on the tip of Manhattan and possibly on the furthest point of Long Island. Verrazannos stay was interrupted by a storm which pushed him north towards Marthas Vineyard, in 1540 French traders from New France built a chateau on Castle Island, within present-day Albany, due to flooding, it was abandoned the next year. In 1614, the Dutch under the command of Hendrick Corstiaensen, rebuilt the French chateau, Fort Nassau was the first Dutch settlement in North America, and was located along the Hudson River, also within present-day Albany. The small fort served as a trading post and warehouse, located on the Hudson River flood plain, the rudimentary fort was washed away by flooding in 1617, and abandoned for good after Fort Orange was built nearby in 1623. Henry Hudsons 1609 voyage marked the beginning of European involvement with the area, sailing for the Dutch East India Company and looking for a passage to Asia, he entered the Upper New York Bay on September 11 of that year
Watertown Air Force Station
Watertown Air Force Station is a closed United States Air Force ADCOM General Surveillance Radar station 3.5 miles south of Watertown, New York. Prior to the Air Defense squadron inactivating on 1 November 1979, a New York State jail opened at the site c. It was a part of the 21st RCC a SAGE network, lashup Radar Network site L-6 was established in June 1950 at the Pine Camp military installation and operated by the 655th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron using an RCA AN/TPS-10A Radar. Watertown AFS used AN/FPS-3 and AN/FPS-5 radars for warning and ground-controlled interception, in 1958 this site was operating with AN/FPS-20 search radar and General Electric AN/FPS-6 Radar for height-finding. During 1959 Watertown AFS began providing Semi Automatic Ground Environment data to DC-03 at Syracuse AFS, New York, in 1959 a 2nd AN/FPS-6 was added and in 1961, the FPS-20 was upgraded to an AN/FPS-66. One height-finder radar was replaced by an Avco AN/FPS-26 Radar in 1963, in 1964 the AN/FPS-66 was replaced by an Westinghouse AN/FPS-27 Radar. The other AN/FPS-6 height-finder radar was retired in 1964. archive. org/web/20091023220116/http, //geocities. com/MotorCity/Downs/3548/facility/watertown. html
Manhattan Club (social club)
The Manhattan Club was a social club in Manhattan, New York founded in 1865 and dissolved around 1979. The Manhattan Club was organized on September 25,1865 at Delmonicos on 14th Street at Fifth Avenue and its first home was the Benkard House at 96 Fifth Avenue near the corner of 15th Street, followed by the A. T. Stewart Mansion on 34th Street at Fifth Avenue, from 1899 to 1966, it occupied the Jerome Mansion, at which time the building was sold to a developer and subsequently was torn down. The Manhattan Club then moved to a suite of rooms at the Barclay Hotel previously occupied by the Cornell Club, around 1979, its suites were converted into conference rooms and the Manhattan Club was closed. Despite having been conceived as a Democratic Party bastion during the U. S. Civil War, in its later days, in 1954, a survey of the mens social clubs of Manhattan noted that the club had become ninety percent Republican. The success of the made the drink fashionable, later prompting several people to request the drink by referring to the name of the club where it originated—the Manhattan cocktail. On June 26,1906, Stanford White was shot to death by Harry K. Thaw, the murder took place three blocks south in what was then Madison Square Garden. The exterior of the club was painted by Childe Hassam in 1891 when it was at the Stewart Mansion, history of the Manhattan Club, A Narrative of the Activities of Half a Century
Hayden, Stone & Co.
Hayden, Stone & Co. was a major securities firm founded in 1892 by Charles Hayden and Galen L. Stone. The firm was acquired by Cogan, Berlind, Weill & Levitt in 1972 and was part of what ultimately would become Shearson/American Express in 1981. In 1892, Clark, Ward, & Co. clerks Charles Hayden and Galen L. Stone opened a new house, Hayden. While Stone was known for remaining silent, Hayden gained a reputation for quick decisions, foreseeing the needs of electrification, Hayden made his fortune by investing in copper mining. The new investment firm prospered, expanding from its Boston base to open a New York City branch in 1906, in 1970, the prestigious Hayden, Stone found itself in financial trouble along with many other large securities firms. The new Hayden Stone, Inc. then completed possibly its most significant acquisition to that point, merging with Shearson, once again, Weill chose to adopt the targets branding to become Shearson Hayden Stone. The Hayden Stone name was abandoned in 1979, following the acquisition of Loeb, Rhoades. Just two years later, in 1981, Weill sold the company to American Express to form Shearson/American Express. At one point, the firm was considered to be the third largest wire-house in the country behind only Merrill Lynch and Bache & Co
Loeb, Rhoades & Co.
Loeb, Rhoades & Co. was a Wall Street brokerage firm founded in 1931 and acquired in 1979 by Sanford I. The firm was founded as Carl M. Loeb & Co. by father Carl M. Loeb and son John L. Loeb in 1931, shortly after the onset of the Great Depression. Carl M. Loeb & Co. merged with Rhoades & Company, Rhoades & Company had been founded in 1905 by John Harsen Rhoades, Jr. formerly a partner of Rhoades & Richmond. The firm operated under the Loeb, Rhoades name from 1937 through 1979 when it used the name Shearson Loeb Rhoades. Carl Loeb, who had built his wealth as president of American Metal Company resigned from the company and bought a seat on the New York Stock Exchange. While on the New York Stock Exchange, he pushed through many reforms, three years after Loeb left American Metals, the companys stock was nearly worthless. Together with his son, Carl ran the firm for its first 24 years, from 1931 until his death in 1955. John L. Loeb was a partner in the firm from 1931 to 1955 and following the death of his became the senior partner. In 1951, John Loeb became a governor of the New York Stock Exchange, in 1956, Loeb Rhoades acquired a controlling interest in the Cuban Atlantic Sugar Company and sells its stake on December 31,1958, a day before the Cuban Revolution. In 1973, Carl M. Mueller assumed management control of the firm before Loeb resumed his management responsibilities in the firm in 1977, the Hornblower merger turned out to be disastrous for Loeb Rhoades. The two firms incurred significant costs attempting to merge their back office operations, both of which had prior to the merger. By the end of 1978, less than a year after the merger, through the 1960s and 1970s, Sanford I. Weill was acquiring brokerage firms and by 1979 was running Shearson Hayden Stone, the culmination of nearly a dozen acquisitions. By early 1979, Loeb, Rhoades, now known as Loeb, Rhoades, during Mothers Day Weekend 1979, Loeb and Shearson agreed to a merger to form Shearson Loeb Rhoades. Weill was named the CEO of the firm and John Loeb became the firms chairman. At the time, Shearson Loeb Rhoades was among the largest investment banking houses with $250 million of equity capital, in 1981, Shearson Loeb Rhoades bought the Boston Company, a money manager. The same year, Weill sold the company to American Express to form Shearson/American Express. Loeb Partners Corporation, a registered broker-dealer and investment advisor, had ties with Loeb. Loeb Partners Corporation was founded by Thomas L. Kempner in 1982 to focus on managing assets for the Loeb family, wealthy clientele and institutions