Category:19th-century Canadian physicians
Pages in category "19th-century Canadian physicians"
The following 43 pages are in this category, out of 43 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 43 pages are in this category, out of 43 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Susanna Carson Rijnhart – Susanna Susie Carson Rijnhart, was a Canadian medical doctor, Protestant missionary, and Tibetan explorer. She was the second Western woman known to have visited Tibet, Susie Carson was born in 1868 in Chatham, Ontario. At the age of twenty she graduated from Trinity College in Toronto as a medical doctor and she was in private practice for six years in Ontario. In 1894 she met Petrus Rijnhart, a Dutch-born former missionary with the China Inland Mission, Rijnhart had worked in the Netherlands for the Salvation Army but was sent to Canada in 1886 to avoid charges of sexual assault. He eventually made it to China and worked for three years with the CIM and he was dismissed by CIM in 1893 as an ‘imposter” after stirring up “Rijnhart’s hornet’s nest. A charismatic speaker, he was lecturing in Canada and soliciting financial support to return to China, the couple was married in September 1894 and before the end of the year departed Canada for China. Unlike most missionaries, they were independent, not representatives of any missionary organization, apparently, however, the funds they had raised in Canada were adequate for their expenses. Independent missionaries were often criticized as loose cannons, more likely to cause trouble than to achieve progress in the goal of making China a Christian country, Kumbum was home to about 3,600 monks. Ferguson parted ways with the Rijnharts after a few months and their nearest Western neighbors were missionaries in Xining, the immediate objective of the Rijnharts was to learn Tibetan and work among the Tibetans. Their ultimate ambition was to reach Lhasa, the remote and forbidden capital of Tibet, in 1896, a revolt broke out among the Muslim population and Kumbum was in danger of being overrun. Susie and her husband were invited by the monastery to tend to the wounded and sick, Petreus became a friend and confidant of the abbot of the monastery, according to Susie. In late-summer 1896, the Rijnharts moved to the town of Tankar, about 24 miles from Kumbum. The British traveler, Montagu Sinclair Wellby, passed through Tankar in October 1896 and gave a view of the Rijnharts. They lived a life dependent upon the small sums they charged for medical services at their dispensary. Petreus left Susie alone in Tankar for several months while he acted as a guide, in November Susie was visited by explorer Sven Hedin who passed through Tankar. Shortly after Petreus returned, the couple had a son, Charles Carson, the Rijnharts, baby Charles, and three local hired men, two Chinese and one Muslim, left Tankar on horseback, May 20,1898. Their destination was Lhasa, eight hundred miles away as the crow flies and they carried with them food and other supplies sufficient for two years as well as several hundred bibles translated into Tibetan. Following a known route to Lhasa, they skirted the Tsaidam and proceeded southwest
2. Louis de Lotbiniere-Harwood – Dr Louis de Lotbinière-Harwood M. D. F. A. C. S. was a Canadian gynaecologist. He was Dean of Medicine at Université de Montréal, the campus of Université Laval. He was President of the Medical Union of Canada, President of the Hôpital Notre-Dame and President of the Radium Institute and his reputation as an educator and a surgeon extended throughout North America and Europe, recognised through his creation as an Officier de Le Légion dhonneur in France. He has been referred to as the Father of Canadian Gynaecology, born at the Manor of Vaudreuil, he was the son of the Hon. Henry Stanislas Harwood and his wife Josephine Sydney Brauneis, daughter of Jean-Chrysostome Brauneis II. He was a nephew of Antoine Chartier de Lotbinière Harwood, Robert Harwood and Sir Henri Elzéar Taschereau, and, educated at the Séminaire de Ste-Thérèse and afterwards at the Séminaire de Rigaud. In 1890, de Lotbiniere-Harwood graduated in medicine from Université Laval, in 1894, he went to Europe to take a course of advanced studies, particularly gynaecology. In France, he had the opportunity to study under, and serve as the assistant to, Samuel Jean de Pozzi, who was then Frances foremost gynaecologist and would remain his mentor. During World War One, he was the spirit in the patriotic effort that resulted in the foundation of the General Military Hospital of Laval located at Joinville-le-Pont near Paris. He was widely regarded as the accredited international link between the English and French members of his profession, and France rewarded him for this by making him an Officer of the Légion dhonneur and he was a director of and a contributor to LUnion Medicale du Canada for fifteen years. One need not look for his writings, he wrote little, One need not analyse his teaching, he made scarcely more of this. His charm and his manners had gained for him the respect of every one whom he met. His high stature, the dignity of his bearing, the distinction of his gesture commanded general attention, a gentleman with all the meaning that this word implies. Gifted with great ability, a nimble mind, tact and unusual charm of manner. His chief pastime was farming and cattle breeding and he was vice-president of the Holstein Breeders Association of Quebec, and his farm where he lived at Vaudreuil, Het Loo, was noted for its fine herd of Holstein-Friesen cattle. In 1891, he married his cousin, Marie-Berthe-Adéline Masson, daughter of Henri Masson and Coralie Globensky and she died while travelling in Europe at Paris. They were the parents of two sons and two daughters, Mrs Jean-Georges Bernard de Languedoc and Mrs Charles Frederick Clouston Porteous, both of Montreal, colonel Porteous was a first cousin through his mothers family, the Drurys, of Lady Beaverbrook. Next, he married another cousin, Catherine Delphine de Bellefeuille-MacDonald of Alexandria and his third wife, Marie-Berthe Brosseau, was a cousin of his first wife, daughter of Joseph Brosseau and Louise de Castonguay. She had three children by him, William, Pierre and Marie-Berthe de Lotbinière Harwood and his youngest daughter was married twice, Firstly at Montreal to William Campbell James Meredith, secondly in London, to Cyril Bertram Mills
3. Maude Abbott – Maude Elizabeth Seymour Abbott was a Canadian physician, among Canadas earliest female medical graduates, and a world-famous expert on congenital heart disease. She was one of the first women to obtain a BA from McGill University, in 1869, Abbot was born in St. Andrews East, Quebec as Maude Elizabeth Seymour Babin. Both of her parents were absent during infancy, as her mother had died, with her sister Alice, she was legally adopted and raised by her maternal grandmother, Mrs. William Abbott, who was then 62. She was a cousin of John Abbott, Canadas third Prime Minister, in 1885, she graduated from a private Montreal seminary high school. Abbott was admitted to McGill Universitys Faculty of Arts, with a scholarship, and received her B. A in 1890. In 1894, she received her M. D. C. M. from Bishops University with honours, and she received the Chancellor’s Prize, and Senior Anatomy Prize for having the best final examination. Later that year, she opened her own practice in Montreal, worked with the Royal Victoria hospital, some time afterwards, she did her post-graduate medical studies in Vienna. In 1897, she opened an independent clinic dedicated to treating women and children, there she did much first-hand research in pathology. Much of Abbotts work concerned the nature of disease, especially in newborn babies. This would cause her to be recognized as an authority on heart defects. In 1898, she was appointed Assistant Curator at the McGill Pathological Museum, in 1905, she was invited to write the chapter on Congenital Heart Disease for Dr. Oslers System of Modern Medicine. He declared it the best thing he had read on the subject. The article would place her as the authority in the field of congenital heart disease. In 1906, she co-founded the International Association of Medical Museums and she became its international secretary in 1907. She would edit the articles for thirty-one years. After a much conflict with Dr. Horst Oërtel, she left McGill to take up a position at the Womens Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1923, in 1925, Abbott returned to McGill becoming an Assistant Professor. In 1924, she was a founder of the Federation of Medical Women of Canada, in 1936, she wrote the Atlas of Congenital Cardiac Disease. The work illustrated a new system and described records of over a thousand cases of clinical
4. Charles Boucher de Boucherville – Sir Charles-Eugène-Napoléon Boucher de Boucherville, KCMG was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. He twice served as the third Premier of Quebec, Boucher de Boucherville took his MD from McGill University, graduating with an MD in 1843. During the Chauveau administration, he served as Speaker of the Legislative Council and he became premier in 1874 when his predecessor, Gédéon Ouimet, had to resign due to a financial scandal. He then won the 1875 Quebec election, but was removed from office on March 8,1878 in a conflict with Lieutenant Governor Luc Letellier de Saint-Just. Letellier de Saint-Just refused to approve legislation that had passed by both houses of the Quebec legislature that would have forced municipalities to pay for railway construction. The Lieutenant-Governor deposed Boucher de Boucherville, and called on the Leader of the Opposition, Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, Boucher de Bouchervilles second term came about after Honoré Mercier was removed from office by Lieutenant Governor Auguste-Réal Angers on December 16,1891 on charges of corruption. After Conservative leader Louis-Olivier Taillon had lost the 1890 election and his own seat, Blanchet, however, had resigned on September 19,1891, to accept an appointment as a judge. The Lieutenant Governor therefore needed a Conservative to fill the post of premier, Boucher de Boucherville served for one year, but resigned when former Conservative premier Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau was appointed Lieutenant-Governor in December 1892. Relations between the two may have been strained, by 1915 the oldest legislator in North America, he died that year in Montreal at the Deaf and Dumb Institute, in whose work he was so interested that he lived there. Politics of Quebec List of Quebec general elections Timeline of Quebec history Charles Boucher de Boucherville, dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours. Charles Boucher de Boucherville – Parliament of Canada biography Senator de Boucherville Dies at 95, The New York Times, September 12,1915, p.17
5. Andrew Fernando Holmes – Andrew Fernando Holmes was a Canadian physician, academic, and one of the founders of the Montreal Medical Institution, the first medical school in Canada. A physician, he received a diploma from the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh in 1818, returning to Canada, he practiced medicine joining the staff of the Montreal General Hospital in 1822. He founded the Montreal Medical Institution, the first medical school in Canada, after failing to receive a royal charter, the Montreal Medical Institution joined McGill College to become the McGill College Medical Faculty. Holmes became a member of the faculty. In 1843, he was appointed professor of the principles and practice of medicine, in 1854, his title was changed to dean. In his honour the first Holmes Gold Medal was awarded in 1865 and it continues to be awarded annually to the McGill University medical school student who achieves the highest academic standing upon graduation. The competitors to be selected from men whose inaugural dissertation is deemed worthy of receiving one hundred marks. The medal is in value about fifty dollars, the dies having been struck in England by Mr. F. Carter of Birmingham. This is surrounded by a wreath of laurel, outside of which are the words, “In memoriam Andreæ F. Holmes, M. D. L. L. D. ”On the rim of the medal is engraved the name of the successful candidate, with the date. The medal is given to him who proves himself the best man after special examination by answering, in writing, after 1877 the Faculty did not require an inaugural dissertation and the Holmes Gold Medal was awarded to the student who achieves the highest academic standing upon graduation