Category:19th-century war artists
Pages in category "19th-century war artists"
The following 88 pages are in this category, out of 88 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 88 pages are in this category, out of 88 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Simon Agopyan – Simon Agopyan was a prominent Ottoman landscape and portrait painter of Armenian descent. Simon Agopyan was born in Samatya, a district in Constantinople in 1857 and he completed his early education at the Horenyan School in Narlikapi and the Sahakyan School in Samatya. He took private lessons from the respect Armenian painter Telemak Ekserciyan and entered the Academy of Fine Arts in 1994, while studying at the Academy, Agopyan was classmates with Armenian painter Arshak Fetvadjian. Upon graduation, Agopyan was awarded first place for a painting entitled The Imperial Gallery at Eminonu which he executed for his finals. This painting was purchased by Alexander Vallaury, an architect of the late Ottoman period. He continued his work in his studio in Samatya until 1895 and his address was 48 Rue Kechich, Feriköy. From 1883 onward, Agopyan taught art at the Berberyan and Mezburyan schools in Üsküdar, in 1911 his studio was above the Apollan Photography Studio, and one of the portraits commissioned by Apollon was that of Mehmed Resad which is in the Military Museum in Istanbul. He gave art lessons to the Ottoman princes and other amateurs, an exhibition of his work was help at Angelidis, a shop at 331 Cadde-i Kebir in Beyoğlu in 1896, and his works were last exhibited at the Societa Italiana. He won a prize at the Marseille Exhibition for a portrait of his father, simon Agopyan died on 16 May 1921 and is buried at the Şişli Armenian Cemetery. He painted a series of Ottoman military successes in his Six Scenes of Victories of Gazi Ahmed Muhtar Paşa on the Eastern Front which was commissioned by Ahmed Muhtar Pasha’s family and he also has paintings of Istanbul tradespeople such as simit sellers, fishmongers, and chimney sweepers. Examples of the latter are those two of the apostles, Timothy and Parthugiemeos
2. Conrad Wise Chapman – Conrad Wise Chapman was a soldier and an artist, mainly known for his paintings of Confederate battlements surrounding Charleston Harbor. Chapman was born in Washington, D. C. and grew up in Europe where his father, in 1861, he returned to America and enlisted in Company D, Third Kentucky Infantry, Confederate. He was wounded in Shiloh along with seeing action in Mississippi and Louisiana, before a transfer to the 46th Virginia Infantry at the request of his father to Henry Alexander Wise. Over the next 10 months, he served with the 59th Virginia Infantry, known as the Wise Legion or Wise Brigade. In September 1863, the Wise Brigade was ordered south to take part in the defence of Charleston, South Carolina. Chapman was commissioned to create thirty one paintings of the defenses by Brig. Gen. Thomas Jordan. This was part of a campaign by Beauregard to increase support for his ideas about the defense of the harbor in the Confederate government, Chapman served in the city from early September 1863 to March 1864. He intended to paint the series in Charleston, but having received word of his mothers illness, Chapman was granted furlough in April 1864 and left for Rome. It is there that he painted 25 works—with five also done by his sketches he made in Charleston. After the end of the war, unable to reconcile to the Confederacys loss, Conrad traveled to Mexico and he also spent time in France and England. In 1898, his collection of paintings went on view at the Union League Club in New York, where they attracted attention. Conrad created art while he was in active duty during the Civil War, while there were several artists on the Union side who captured the war in painting, which were also active, this was not the case on the Confederate side. His works may be the set of battle subjects painted by a Confederate army artist during the war. Chapman, Conrad Wise, and Ben L. Bassham, ten Months in the Orphan Brigade, Conrad Wise Chapmans Civil War Memoir. Kent, Ohio, Kent State University Press,1999, ISBN0873386388 OCLC40359330 Chapman, Conrad Wise, Ben L. Bassham, and Ruben Charles Cordova. Conrad Wise Chapman, Mexican light, 1865-1910, nueva York, Galería Ramis Barquet,2005. Confederate Soldier Artists, Painting the Souths War, shippensburg, PA, White Mane Pub,1998. ISBN 157249073X OCLC37903532 Conrad Wise Chapman at Find a Grave
3. Giovanni Fattori – Giovanni Fattori was an Italian artist, one of the leaders of the group known as the Macchiaioli. He was initially a painter of historical themes and military subjects, in his middle years, inspired by the Barbizon school, he became one of the leading Italian plein-airists, painting landscapes, rural scenes, and scenes of military life. After 1884, he devoted energy to etching. Fattori was born in modest circumstances in Livorno, the following year he moved to Florence where he first studied under Giuseppe Bezzuoli and, later in the year, at the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence. At that time, however, his energies were directed less toward the study of art than to reading the novels of such authors as Ugo Foscolo, Francesco Domenico Guerrazzi. In 1848 he interrupted his studies and participated as a courier, distributing leaflets for the Partito dAzione, however, his family prevented him from joining the army. In 1850 he resumed his studies at the Accademia in Florence and he made it a habit to note all his observations in small notebooks that he always kept with him, illustrating with innumerable sketches. Some of his etchings were based on these observations. Fattoris development to maturity as a painter was unusually slow and his first paintings, few of which survive, date from the early 1850s. They include portraits and a few historical scenes influenced by Bezzuoli—often scenes from Medieval or Renaissance history, in 1851 he participated in the Promotrice fiorentina with the painting Ildegonda, inspired by the short novel by Tommaso Grossi. In 1853–54 he studied realism, together with the Turin artist Andrea Gastaldi and he probably painted his first landscapes in Gastaldis company. Around 1857 Enrico Pollastrini, another pupil of Giuseppe Bezzuoli, introduced him to the style of Ingres and this had some impact on Fattoris historical paintings. One of his best historical themes was Maria Stuarda, painted between 1858 and 1860, based on his reading of Walter Scott. In 1859 Fattori met Roman landscape painter Giovanni Costa, whose example influenced him to join his colleagues, in 1859 he won the competition for a patriotic battle scene, organized by the Concorso Ricasoli with his painting Dopo la battaglia di Magenta. The financial reward allowed him to marry Settimia Vannucci in July 1859, during the period 1861–67 he stayed mainly at Livorno, to nurse his wife who had contracted tuberculosis. During this period he painted peasantry, themes from life and also some portraits, such as the portrait of Argia. In these works he demonstrated his mastery of technique, natural light and shade with their contrasting areas of broad colour. In 1864 he submitted four more works to the Promotrice fiorentina, in his landscape painting La Rotonda di Palmieri, geometrical simplicity and colour have become a structural part of the painting
4. William Glackens – William James Glackens was an American realist painter and one of the founders of the Ashcan School of American art. He is also known for his work in helping Albert C. Barnes to acquire the European paintings that form the nucleus of the famed Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia. His dark-hued, vibrantly painted street scenes and depictions of life in pre-WW I New York. His later work was brighter in tone and showed the influence of Renoir. During much of his career as a painter, Glackens also worked as an illustrator for newspapers and magazines in Philadelphia, Glackens was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where his family had lived for many generations. William had two siblings, a sister, Ada, and an older brother, cartoonist and illustrator Louis Glackens. He graduated from the prestigious Central High School in 1890, throughout his school years, he showed a great interest in and aptitude for drawing and drafting. After graduation, Glackens became an artist-reporter for The Philadelphia Record, in 1892, he left that newspaper and began illustrating for the Philadelphia Press. He enrolled in evening classes at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, john Sloan also attended the Academy, and he introduced Glackens to Robert Henri, a talented painter and charismatic figure in Philadelphia art circles. Henri played host to regular gatherings at his studio, occasions to socialize, drink, sketch, talk about art. In 1895, Glackens traveled to Europe with several painters, including Henri, to paint. He first visited Holland where he studied the Dutch masters and he then moved to Paris, where he rented a studio for a year with Henri and enjoyed his first exposure to the art of the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists. While in Paris, Glackens painted independently, but did not attend any classes, later in life, a confirmed Francophile, Glackens returned periodically to paint in Paris and the south of France. Glackens later became a sketch artist for the New York Herald and he also worked as an illustrator for various magazines, including McClures Magazine, which sent him to Cuba to cover the Spanish–American War. At this time, Glackens was making a living as a magazine illustrator, in 1901, he exhibited at the Allen Gallery with Henri and Sloan and thereafter gained favorable notice as an up-and-coming artist. In 1904, Glackens married Edith Dimock, the daughter of a wealthy Connecticut family and she was also an artist, and they lived together in a Greenwich Village townhouse, where they raised two children, Lenna and Ira. If many of their artist friends lived a life by the standards of the day, such was not the case with William. In 1957, Ira Glackens published a book about his father
5. Nicolae Grigorescu – Nicolae Grigorescu was one of the founders of modern Romanian painting. He was born in Pitaru, Dâmboviţa County, Wallachia now called Romania, in 1843 the family moved to Bucharest. At a young age, he became an apprentice at the workshop of the painter Anton Chladek and created icons for the church of Băicoi and the Monastery of Căldăruşani. In 1856 he created the historical composition Mihai scăpând stindardul, which he presented to the Wallachian Prince Barbu Ştirbei, between 1856 and 1857, he painted the church of the Zamfira monastery, Prahova County, and in 1861 the church of the Agapia monastery. With the help of Mihail Kogălniceanu, he received a scholarship to study in France, in the autumn of 1861, young Grigorescu left for Paris, where he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts. He also attended the workshop of Sébastien Cornu, where he had as a colleague Pierre-Auguste Renoir, knowing his weaknesses, he concentrated drawing and composition. Under the influence of the movement, Grigorescu looked for new means of expression and followed the trend of en plein air painting, as part of the Universal Exposition of Paris, he contributed seven works. Then he exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1868 the painting Tânără ţigancă and he returned to Romania a few times and starting in 1870 he participated in the exhibits of living artists and those organized by the Society of the Friends of the Belle-Arts. Between 1873 and 1874 he traveled to Italy, Greece and Vienna, in 1877 he was called to accompany the Romanian Army as a frontline painter in the Romanian War of Independence. During the battles at the Grivitsa Strongpoint and Oryahovo, he made drawings, in 1889 his work was featured in the Universal Exhibition in Paris and at the Romanian Atheneum. Centerpiece exhibits took place at the Romanian Atheneum would follow in 1891,1895,1897,1902, from 1879 to 1890 he worked in France, especially in Vitré, Brittany, and in his workshop in Paris. In 1890 he settled in Câmpina and started depicting pastoral themes, especially portraits of peasant girls, pictures of ox carts on dusty country roads and he was named honorary member of the Romanian Academy in 1899. At the moment of his death, Grigorescu had been working on his Întoarcerea de la bâlci, media related to Nicolae Grigorescu at Wikimedia Commons Paintings at Zeno. org
6. Constantin Guys – Constantin Guys, Ernest-Adolphe-Hyacinthe-Constantin, was a Dutch-born Crimean War correspondent, water color painter and illustrator for British and French newspapers. His subjects were Second French Empire life, in the Dutch novel Au pair by W. F. Hermans, one of the main characters is fascinated by Constantin Guys. Guys died in Paris, aged 90, les Champs Élysées,1922, Pavillon de Marsan du musée du Louvre, LIllustration n°4123, 10/06/1922. Promenade en carosse,1863 ca. plume, encre, aquarel sur papier beige,255 x 339 mm, Museo Cantonale d’Arte de Lugano Constantin Guys, Constantin Guys, lhistorien du Second Empire. Artcyclopedia article on Constantin Guys Merriam-Websters Biographical Dictionary, merriam-Webster Incorporated,1995. in Biography Resource Center
7. William Heath (artist) – William Heath was a British artist. He was best known for his published engravings which included caricatures, political cartoons and his early works often dealt with military scenes, but from about 1820 on he focused on satire. Some of his works were published under the pseudonym Paul Pry, Heath helped found an early caricature magazines, The Glasgow Looking Glass. Heath created a series of political Caricatures between 1830 –1834 for McLeans Monthly. Works by William Heath at Project Gutenberg Works by or about William Heath at Internet Archive William Heath Illustration using speech bubbles from July 1st,1830 issue of The Looking Glass
8. Peter von Hess – Peter Heinrich Lambert von Hess was a German painter, known for historic paintings, especially of the Napoleonic Wars and the Greek War of Independence. Peter von Hess initially received training from his father Carl Ernst Christopher Hess and he accompanied his younger brother Heinrich Maria to Munich in 1806, and enrolled at the Munich Academy at the age of sixteenth. He also trained under Wilhelm von Kobell, during the Napoleonic Wars, he was allowed to join the staff of General Wrede, who commanded the Bavarians in the military operations which led to the abdication of Napoleon. There he gained novel experiences of war and a taste for extensive travel, during this time, von Hess painted his first battle pieces. In 1818 he spent some time in Italy where he painted landscapes and various Italian scenes and travelled to Naples with Joseph Petzl and a group of other Bavarian artists. In 1833, at Ludwigs request, he accompanied Otto of Greece to the newly formed Kingdom of Greece, where at Athens he gathered materials for pictures of the war of liberation. The sketches which he made were placed, forty in number, in the Pinakothek, after being copied in wax on a large scale by Nilsen. King Othos entrance into Nauplia was the subject of a large and crowded canvas now in the Pinakothek, peter von Hess work has been evaluated positively for its execution but some have questioned its boldness and congeniality. He is buried in the Alter Südfriedhof in Munich and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Hess