Pages in category "2005 operas"
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Opera – Opera is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting. In traditional opera, singers do two types of singing, recitative, a style and arias, a more melodic style. Opera incorporates many of the elements of theatre, such as acting, scenery. The performance is given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble. Opera is a key part of the Western classical music tradition, in the 18th century, Italian opera continued to dominate most of Europe, attracting foreign composers such as George Frideric Handel. Opera seria was the most prestigious form of Italian opera, until Christoph Willibald Gluck reacted against its artificiality with his operas in the 1760s. The first third of the 19th century saw the point of the bel canto style, with Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti. It also saw the advent of Grand Opera typified by the works of Auber and Meyerbeer, the mid-to-late 19th century was a golden age of opera, led and dominated by Richard Wagner in Germany and Giuseppe Verdi in Italy. The popularity of opera continued through the era in Italy and contemporary French opera through to Giacomo Puccini. During the 19th century, parallel operatic traditions emerged in central and eastern Europe, the 20th century saw many experiments with modern styles, such as atonality and serialism, Neoclassicism, and Minimalism. With the rise of recording technology, singers such as Enrico Caruso, since the invention of radio and television, operas were also performed on these mediums. Beginning in 2006, a number of opera houses began to present live high-definition video transmissions of their performances in cinemas all over the world. In 2009, an opera company offered a download of a complete performance. The words of an opera are known as the libretto, some composers, notably Wagner, have written their own libretti, others have worked in close collaboration with their librettists, e. g. Mozart with Lorenzo Da Ponte. Vocal duets, trios and other ensembles often occur, and choruses are used to comment on the action, in some forms of opera, such as singspiel, opéra comique, operetta, and semi-opera, the recitative is mostly replaced by spoken dialogue. Melodic or semi-melodic passages occurring in the midst of, or instead of, the terminology of the various kinds of operatic voices is described in detail below. Over the 18th century, arias were accompanied by the orchestra. Subsequent composers have tended to follow Wagners example, though some, the changing role of the orchestra in opera is described in more detail below
2. 2005 – 2005 was designated as, International Year for Sport and Physical Education International Year of Microcredit The year 2005 was the end of the International Decade of the Worlds Indigenous People. January 12 – Deep Impact is launched from Cape Canaveral with the purpose of studying the comet Tempel 1, january 14 – The Huygens spacecraft lands on Titan, the largest moon of Saturn. February 10 – North Korea announces that it possesses nuclear weapons as a protection against the hostility it feels from the United States, february 14 – Former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafic Hariri is assassinated, along with 21 others, by a suicide bomber in Beirut. February 16 – The Kyoto Protocol officially goes into effect, march 14 – The Peoples Republic of China ratifies an anti-secession law, aimed at preventing Taiwan from declaring independence. March 24 – The President of Kyrgyzstan Askar Akayev is overthrown following mass anti-government demonstrations, march 28 – The 8.6 Mw Nias–Simeulue earthquake shakes northern Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI, leaving 915–1,314 people dead and 340–1,146 injured. April 2 – Pope John Paul II dies, over 4 million people travel to the Vatican to mourn him, Pope Benedict XVI succeeds him on April 19, becoming the 265th pope. April 9 – Charles, Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles in a ceremony at Windsors Guildhall. Camilla acquires the title Duchess of Cornwall, April 26 – Syria withdraws the last of its military garrison from Lebanon, ending its 29-year military occupation of the country. April 27 – The Superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse, may 13 – Uzbek Interior Ministry and National Security Service troops massacre at least 200 protesters in the city of Andijan. May 15 – A passenger ferry capsizes and sinks in strong winds in the Bura Gauranga River in Bangladesh, june 21 – A Volna booster rocket carrying the first light sail spacecraft fails 83 seconds after its launch, destroying the spacecraft. June 28 – Three U. S. Navy SEALs and 16 American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed in a firefight in Afghanistan. Only one SEAL survives the battle, july 2 – Live 8, a set of 10 simultaneous concerts, takes place throughout the world, raising interest in the Make Poverty History campaign. July 6 – The European Parliament rejects the Proposed directive on the patentability of computer-implemented inventions in its second reading, july 7 – Four coordinated suicide bombings rock central London, killing 52 people and injuring over 700. July 23 – A series of hit the resort city of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. July 28 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army announces an end to the campaign it has pursued since 1969. August 12 – The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is launched from Cape Canaveral, august 16 – West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 crashes into a mountain in Venezuela, killing 160 passengers. August 18 – Peace Mission 2005, the first joint China–Russia military exercise, august 29 – Hurricane Katrina makes landfall along the U. S. Gulf Coast, causing severe damage and killing over a thousand people and dealing an estimated $108 billion in damage. August 31 – A stampede at the Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad, Iraq, september 7 – Egypt holds its first ever multi-party presidential election, which is marred with allegations of fraud
3. An American Tragedy (opera) – An American Tragedy is an opera in two acts composed by Tobias Picker to a libretto by Gene Scheer. This was Pickers fourth opera, written four years after the debut of Thérèse Raquin, based on the Theodore Dreiser novel, An American Tragedy, the opera was commissioned by the Metropolitan Opera and premiered in New York City on December 2,2005. A progressive drama of temptation, responsibility, and faith, Clyde Griffiths, Midwestern missionary’s son, is a young man working as a flirtatious bellhop in Chicago. He relocates to New York upon being offered a position in his Uncle Samuel’s shirt factory, wasting no time he pursues one of the workers there, Roberta Alden, after being warned not to by fellow workers. Clyde quickly moves on to a new love interest in Sondra Finchley, before long, Clyde is juggling Roberta and Sondra, only to soon discover that Roberta is pregnant. It becomes clear that Sondra is Clyde’s true love and Roberta is nothing more than a burden, Clyde schemes to rid himself of the burden of an unwanted lover with a child on the way. Based on a story, Theodore Dreisers novel An American Tragedy is one literatures great. The central character Clyde Griffiths is Everyman, and his dilemma is at the heart of the American experience, the people upon whom Dreisers characters were based also echo throughout the pages of the entire opera. They are the spirits that made the story and the writing of the music real for me. Schott Music, An American Tragedy Excerpt with Patricia Racette on Youtube Photos from the opera
4. La Conquista (opera) – La Conquista is an opera in two acts by Lorenzo Ferrero set to a trilingual libretto by the composer and Frances Karttunen, based on a concept by Alessandro Baricco. It depicts the major episodes of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1521, the libretto is a blend of historical and literary sources drawn from transcriptions of indigenous and European literature, both kept, with some exceptions, in their original languages. The premiere directed by Nicholas Muni and conducted by Zbyněk Müller took place at the Prague National Theatre on 12 March 2005. Place, Cortés camp at Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz and Tenochtitlan Time, one day, the prayer of Emperor Moctezuma in the temple is interrupted by the entrance of a group of messengers who bring him the news of the Spanish landing on the Gulf coast. Moctezuma is visibly worried and asks the men to keep their knowledge secret, the Emperor makes an offering to the gods and a priest sprinkles the messengers with the blood of the victim, then they are sent back carrying a message and laden with gifts for the newcomers. Left alone, Moctezuma is scrutinizing the uncertain future, in contemporary Mexico City a woman called Marina has strange dreams of a distant past. She decides to confront these recurring nightmares, moctezumas emissaries arrive at the camp and lay out their presents before Cortés and his companions. The soldiers tie them up and frighten them by firing their guns in the air, Alvarado and Cortés argue about the priorities of the conquest, whether it should be a search for gold or the evangelization of indigenous peoples. When Cortés tries to force an Aztec to worship the cross, Father Olmedo advises against such violence, Cortés orders Alvarado to sink the ships, as a precaution against mutiny. While watching the ships burn Cortés laments that stepmother Spain ignores her true sons, during the fire Marina passes by and she and Cortés notice each other. She expresses conflicting thoughts and feelings about meeting this strange man, Cortés leads his troops inland towards Tenochtitlan. Act 2 The long-standing attempts to dissuade Cortés from coming to Tenochtitlan had failed, Moctezuma and Cortés meet on the Great Causeway leading into the capital. Coming from opposite sides in a long and complex ceremony the cortège of Moctezuma, the Emperor dresses Cortés with flowers from his own gardens, the highest honour he could give. In turn, Cortés attempts to him but is restrained by a courtier. Marina is at the time inside and outside the picture. She pantomimes the translating of the conversation while her offstage voice describes the scene, finally Moctezuma invites the Spaniards into the city. In the absence of Cortés, taking advantage of the ceremonies of the Aztecs in the Great Temple, Alvarado. Cortés, away, thinks, writes, prays, but cannot decide upon the final act, news about the massacre reaches him and he returns to Tenochtitlan
5. Doctor Atomic – Doctor Atomic is an opera by the contemporary American composer John Adams, with libretto by Peter Sellars. It premiered at the San Francisco Opera on October 1,2005, the work focuses on the great stress and anxiety experienced by those at Los Alamos while the test of the first atomic bomb was being prepared. In 2007, a documentary was made about the creation of the opera, the first act takes place about a month before the bomb is to be tested, and the second act is set in the early morning of July 16,1945. During the second act, time slows down for the characters. The opera ends in the final, prolonged moment before the bomb is detonated, alice Goodman worked for two years with Adams on the project before leaving, objecting to the characterization of Edward Teller, as dictated by the original commission. Sellars adapted the libretto from primary historical sources, other borrowed texts include poetry by Charles Baudelaire and Muriel Rukeyser, the Holy Sonnets of John Donne, quotes from the Bhagavad Gita, and a traditional Tewa Indian song. Energy can be created nor destroyed but only altered in form. It then opened in December 2007 at the Lyric Opera of Chicago, again directed by Sellars, with Finley, Adams and Sellars made some significant changes to the opera and production in response to feedback from the San Francisco, Amsterdam, and Chicago productions. The assistant conductor for this production was also Donato Cabrera, the HD video of the production was later televised nationally on PBS as well, in the Great Performances at the Met series. On January 17,2009, the Met production of the opera was heard on NPR as part of the Saturday afternoon Metropolitan Opera radio broadcasts. Penny Woolcocks production was restaged by the English National Opera in London, Adams had written the role of Kitty Oppenheimer for the mezzo-soprano Lorraine Hunt Lieberson. However, she was unable to commit to the due to her health. The work was sung in the premiere by mezzo Kristine Jepson. For the second production, at De Nederlandse Opera, Adams reworked the role for a soprano. For the Metropolitan Opera Premiere, the role was sung by a mezzo. In 2007, Adams adapted the opera into the Doctor Atomic Symphony, music was taken from the overture, various interludes and orchestral settings were made of arias like Oppenheimers signature Batter My Heart. The work was first premiered by the BBC Symphony Orchestra and conducted by the composer on August 21,2007, the work was later performed at Carnegie Hall in Spring 2008. Originally composed in four movements and lasting 45 minutes, the symphony was revised by Adams to just three movements and 25 minutes length
6. Love Counts – Love Counts is a 2005 opera in two acts by Michael Nyman to a libretto by Michael Hastings. The opera premiered 12 March 2005 at the Badisches Staatstheater Karlsruhe, Germany and it was performed in London at the Almeida Theatre on 14 July 2006, directed by Lindsay Posner, designed by Peter McKintosh, and conducted by Paul McGrath. The opera begins with Patsy Bear, a boxer, punching leaves on a tree. Avril Ainger, a lecturer, encounters him while riding her bicycle. The next day, Avril passes by the gym where Patsy fights and he is waiting for the bus, but when the driver arrives, he will not tell Patsy the number, for Patsy is illiterate and has difficulty even recognizing numbers. She accompanies him back to his hut and they learn more about other, Patsys limitations. They go to a restaurant, and Avril tries to help Patsy will the bill and she begins teaching him basic mathematics, starting with familiarizing him with all the digits, but he only wants to make love. The second act is set mostly in Avrils bedroom, jumping backward and forward in time, Avril asks Patsy about the nature of his erections because her previous husband could get them only if he hit her. After they make love for the first time, Patsys manager calls and tells him that a new lad wants him to be his trainer and he compares this to Dr. Ps use of Robert Schumann in The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. Avril wants Patsy to promise he will not get back in the ring and she takes off her top and hits him, saying she does not want to be hurt again. Patsy asks her to be more ladylike and make love, later, she gets a phone call, and collapses at what she hears. Patsy has fallen into a coma, the doctor says he will regain his memory if she keeps talking to him. In the final scene, Avril pushes Patsy, now in a wheelchair, down the street where they first met, express their desire to make love, and go through their counting routine. A recording based on the Almeida production was released in 2007 featuring Andrew Slater as Patsy Bear and it is the 57th Michael Nyman album
7. Margaret Garner (opera) – Margaret Garner is an opera in two acts composed by Richard Danielpour to an English-language libretto by Toni Morrison. The opera is based on actual events in the life of runaway slave Margaret Garner. Morrison previously used the historic Margaret Garner as the inspiration for her novel Beloved and this is one of a few operas written about the African-American experience, other notable examples are George Gershwins Porgy and Bess and Scott Joplins Treemonisha. The opera explores themes of freedom and personal and community relationships and it was the first libretto for the author and the first opera for the composer. Danielpour began work on the opera in 1998, the opera premièred on May 7,2005 in Detroit, it was performed in Cincinnati in July 2005, and Philadelphia in February 2006. The three companies spent more than $2 million on the opera, denyce Graves sang the title role in the premiere run, which featured a cast of nearly one hundred, flaming torches, a hanging on stage, and black-powder pistols. The opera requires a large cast because of the requirement for separate African and Caucasian choruses to portray the slaves and slave-owners. Other members of the initial cast were Angela M. Brown as Cilla, Gregg Baker as Robert Garner, Rod Gilfry as Edward Gaines, Roger Honeywell as the Auctioneer, jessye Norman was originally cast as Cilla but withdrew and was replaced by Brown. The opera has also staged by Opera Carolina in Charlotte, North Carolina in 2006. National Public Radio broadcast the Opera Carolina production, the plot follows the slave Margaret Garner as a new master comes to Maplewood, the Kentucky plantation where she is held. Margaret catches her new owners eye and is brought in to work in the big house, while the widowed plantation owner, Edward Gaines, sees Margaret as a sexual object, his daughter Caroline comes to see Margaret as a sort of foster mother. At Carolines engagement party, a rift develops between Gaines and his daughter over her respect for Margaret, Robert returns to escape with Margaret and his children, his mother Cilla refuses to go, claiming to be too old to learn the new habits of freedom. While they prepare to escape, the overseer Casey finds them and, after a struggle, the couple and their two children flee, but are later found by Gaines and a posse. After a gun fight, Robert is captured and lynched, Margaret kills her two children to prevent them being returned to slavery, but she is taken alive. Gaines forces a criminal trial where Margaret is charged with destruction of property for the killing of his slaves, Caroline appeals to Gaines to advance the abolitionist agenda by having Margaret tried for murder instead, acknowledging the slaves humanity. After the guilty verdict and sentence of execution, Gaines fears losing Caroline, believing he acted as a proper gentleman, he obtains a commutation for Margaret if she admits her guilt. Ignoring him, Margaret steps voluntarily off the gallows, the opera does not intend to be accurate history. Some of the differences between the story of the opera and historical events follow, Robert Garner did not kill anyone, in a shootout, he wounded two of the slave-hunters sent to recapture his family
8. Violet (opera) – Violet is a 2005 opera by Roger Scruton to a libretto by the composer, based on the biography of Violet Gordon-Woodhouse by her great-niece, Jessica Douglas-Home. The two-act opera was given the first of two performances on 30 November 2005 at Guildhall School of Music and Drama in London, directed by Tess Gibbs, Scruton is better known as a writer and philosopher, and is largely self-taught as a composer. Violet is the second of Scrutons two operas – it was preceded by the one-act The Minister, the composer has written In Violet’s world high culture, eccentric life-style, and aristocratic manners achieved a never-to-be-repeated synthesis. And when that world was swept away by the First World War, according to the programme note of the premiere performance, Violet epitomises the sad magnificence of human folly. The cast of the opera includes Violet, her husband Gordon, the score includes a number of references to music of other composers, including Mozart, Wagner and JS Bach, as well as to folksong. The opera is set at the Woodhouses home, Lypiatt Manor at Nether Lypiatt, the characters extol Violet and dine together. In the second act we learn that Max has died in the trenches in World War I, Jessica, mourning what she sees as the loss of an innocent world, decides to sell the house. Violetta for Me – Roger Scrutons Violet at the Guildhall School of Music in Social Affairs Unit website, World of Roger Scruton, writer and philosopher, Daily Telegraph 27 January 2012, accessed 26 January 2015. Gordon Woodhouse, Violet in Grove Music Online, accessed 25 January 2015, Violet – an opera by Roger Scruton in Clarion Review 23 March 2013, accessed 25 January 2015. With the libretto, a recording of the debut, and an essay by the composer. Music on Roger Scruton website, accessed 25 January 2015
9. Waiting for the Barbarians (opera) – Waiting for the Barbarians is an opera in two acts composed by Philip Glass, with libretto by Christopher Hampton based on the 1980 novel of the same name by South African-born author John M. Coetzee. The opera was commissioned by the Theater Erfurt in Erfurt, Germany, Waiting for the Barbarians premiered on September 10,2005 at Erfurt Theater, directed by Guy Montavon and conducted by Dennis Russell Davies. There was one other European performance in Amsterdam in 2006 and its American premiere was performed on January 19,2007 by the Austin Lyric Opera in Austin, Texas. The opera was performed on June 12,2008 at the Barbican Centre in London. As Joll says, We are forced to begin a war in order to safeguard the peace. Joll and his men set out to attack a group of the barbarians, and bring back to town a number of prisoners, whom they interrogate, torture, and, in the case of one old man, kill. The Magistrate protests, at first weakly, Joll then returns to the city of the Empire to report. The Magistrate discovers a girl, crippled and partially blinded. He feels a mixture of pity and, increasingly, attraction to her and he spends time with the girl, questioning her about the interrogation and torture by Jolls men which has left her disabled. Confused by his feelings of sexual attraction, pity, and anger, the Magistrate takes the girl on a journey through the wilderness in order to return her to her people. The Magistrate himself is now imprisoned in solitary confinement for some months and he goes to visit his old friend the Cook, who rebukes him for having used the Barbarian girl and for not having been able to understand her at all. He is left alone, wondering even more about who the true barbarians are. ACT I Prelude Scene 1, In Fact, We Never Had a Prison Scene 2, Dreamscape No.1 Scene 3, You Sent for Me Scene 4, Youre Working Late Scene 5, Normally Speaking, We Would Never Approve of Torture. Scene 6, Take off Your Cap Scene 7, Dreamscape No.2 Scene 8, Scene 9. To Demonstrate Our Strength to the Barbarians Scene 10, Did you have a good evening. Scene 11, Dreamscape No.3 Scene 12, What is it, Scene 13, Can you see them. Scene 14, Who Gave You Permission to Desert Your Post, ACT II Scene 1, Here, In the Dark Scene 2, Dreamscape No.4 Scene 3, What is Going On. Prologue to Scene 4 Scene 4, Perhaps You Would Be So Kind Scene 5, Enemy, Scene 6, So Were Still Feeding You Well. Notes Sources PhilipGlass. com, Waiting for the Barbarians The Austin Chronicle Playbill Arts Barbican Theater Smith, Opera Review, Waiting for the Barbarians