|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Earthquakes of 2009.|
Pages in category "2009 earthquakes"
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Earthquakes of 2009.|
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 2009 Fiordland earthquake – The 2009 Fiordland earthquake struck the South Island of New Zealand with a magnitude of 7.8 at 9,22 pm on 15 July. The earthquake was centred in the region of Fiordland, with the epicentre located 150 km west-north-west of Invercargill near Dusky Sound in Fiordland National Park. It is among the largest New Zealand earthquakes to occur, including the Culverden/Kaikoura earthquake in 2016 and the 1931 Hawkes Bay earthquake, the main shock was a reverse fault, with the Indo-Australian Plate subducting beneath the Pacific Plate. The earthquake lifted a large area of land around the epicenter approximately 1 metre, New Zealands Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences initially measured the earthquake at magnitude 6.6, but later revised the magnitude to 7.8. The reported energy release was compared to 500 million tonnes of TNT,25,000 times more powerful than the bomb dropped on Nagasaki in 1945. The quake twisted New Zealands South Island, with Puysegur Point, on the Southwestern tip of the island, moving 30 cm closer to Australia, Te Anau moved 10 cm, Bluff 3 cm and Dunedin 1 cm. It is also believed to have caused a stress in the southern. A considerable number of aftershocks were recorded, the earthquake was felt throughout the South Island, and in the lower North Island as far as New Plymouth. No injuries or fatalities were reported, and it caused minor damage. Power outages were experienced in several parts of the South Island, over 200 claims for damage have been listed with the Earthquake Commission, New Zealands agency for earthquake compensation. Landslides in the Fiordland National Park near Dusky Sound cleared large tracts of forest, Tsunami warnings were issued soon after the earthquake by authorities in New Zealand and Australia, as well as the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii. Civil defence officials in Southland also issued a tsunami warning, stating their concerns about widely varying measurements of the earthquake. In the event, waves recorded along New Zealands western coastline measured at one metre, peak to trough, the tsunami warnings were subsequently cancelled or reduced. List of earthquakes in 2009 List of earthquakes in New Zealand Infonews. co. nz
2. April 2009 Afghanistan earthquake – The 2009 Afghanistan earthquake occurred with a moment magnitude of 5.5 in eastern Afghanistan on 15 April at 01,57 local time. The earthquake was followed two hours later by an aftershock of 5.1 moment magnitude, the quakes struck about 50 miles east of Kabul near the Pakistan border. A government representative told AP News that the quakes killed 22 people, wounded 20, List of earthquakes in 2009 List of earthquakes in Afghanistan
3. 2009 Andaman Islands earthquake – The 2009 Andaman Islands earthquake occurred on August 11 at 19,55 UTC in the Andaman Islands of India. The earthquake magnitude was recorded as 7.5 Mw, and was the strongest in the region since the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, the epicentre was 260 km north of Port Blair, and tremors were felt in south-east India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Thailand. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issued a tsunami watch to India, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Indonesia and Thailand, no casualties or injuries were reported, although there were complaints about minor damage to buildings. At about the time, the 2009 Shizuoka earthquake affected south Honshū in Japan. List of earthquakes in 2009 List of earthquakes in India
4. 2009 Cinchona earthquake – The 2009 Costa Rica earthquake occurred at 1,21,35 pm local time on January 8 with a moment magnitude of 6.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII. The shock took place in northern Costa Rica,30 kilometres north-northwest of San José and was felt throughout Costa Rica, the earthquake took at least 34 lives, including at least three children, left about 64 people missing, and injured at least 91. Hundreds of people were trapped and two villages were cut off, most of the victims died when a landslide occurred near the La Paz waterfall by the Poás Volcano, and 452 people including 369 tourists were evacuated from the area in helicopters. 1,244 people were displaced in the immediate aftermath, in addition, a hotel, houses, roads, and vehicles were damaged, and several bridges were also destroyed. The town of Cinchona was heavily hit, and all of the buildings there were heavily damaged, power was temporarily disrupted in San José. The Costa Rican Red Cross sent at least 400 people to assist in the recovery, the agency said, Some 42 communities were affected and sustained serious impacts on civil and electrical infrastructure. Are going to need a lot of help, four helicopters were also dispatched in order to help aid efforts. The Comisión Nacional de Emergencias requested private helicopters to help with the aid, additionally, the United States and Colombia dispatched helicopters with aid to assist with the relief and recovery efforts. About 2,000 aftershocks were felt throughout Costa Rica, on January 12, President Oscar Arias declared a five-day period of national grieving out of respect for the victims, and asked the organizers of the Fiestas de Palmares to postpone them. On January 13, the Banco de Costa Rica announced that it would offer home financing credit to homeowners who want to rebuild or fix their home, List of earthquakes in 2009 List of earthquakes in Costa Rica
5. 2009 Honduras earthquake – The 2009 Honduras earthquake occurred on May 28 at 02,24,45 AM local time with a moment magnitude of 7.3 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII. Three aftershocks followed the earthquake within magnitude 4 range, the earthquake occurred at a depth of around 10 kilometres in a transform fault zone known as the Swan Islands Transform Fault in the Cayman Trench. It was a result of strike slip faulting. The Cayman Trench forms the boundary between the North American Plate and the Caribbean Plate, and continues onshore as the Motagua Fault. The 30-second offshore quake was felt in Guatemala, El Salvador, Belize and it was also felt in parts of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Cuba, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands. The earthquake caused at least seven fatalities,40 injuries, two important bridges and a number of levees and port terminals were also seriously damaged. In the Guatemalan department of Izabal,35 buildings were destroyed and 80 were damaged, in Belize, at least 5 buildings were also destroyed and 25 were damaged. In Roatan, one home was damaged and one injury occurred, the earthquake caused an estimated $37 million worth of damage, and electricity, Internet and telephone connections were cut throughout the majority of Honduras. A tsunami watch was put into effect by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center for Honduras, Guatemala, the Magnitude 7.3 Honduras Earthquake May 28,2009 – ExploringEarth Poster of the Honduras Earthquake of 28 May 2009 - Magnitude 7.3
6. 2009 Hualien earthquake – The 2009 Hualien earthquake occurred on December 19 at 21,02,16 with a moment magnitude of 6.4 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI. The oblique-slip event took place off the coast of Hualian, Taiwan, strong shaking could be felt in Hualian City and Taipei. The earthquake could also be felt in Hong Kong and Xiamen, China, two cars were damaged by fallen water towers in Taipei. Ten people were hospitalized following a leak in a hotel in Hualian. The outer decorative wall of a restaurant in Hualian collapsed, List of earthquakes in 2009 List of earthquakes in Taiwan M6.4 - Taiwan – United States Geological Survey
7. 2009 L'Aquila earthquake – The 2009 LAquila earthquake occurred in the region of Abruzzo, in central Italy. There have been several thousand foreshocks and aftershocks since December 2008, the earthquake was felt throughout central Italy,308 people are known to have died,1,600 people were injured, making this the deadliest earthquake to hit Italy since the 1980 Irpinia earthquake. On 22 October 2012, six scientists and one ex-government official were convicted of manslaughter for downplaying the likelihood of a major earthquake six days before it took place. They were each sentenced to six years imprisonment, on 10 November 2014, the scientists convicted of manslaughter for failing to predict the deadly earthquake have had the verdict overturned. This earthquake was caused by movement on a NW-SE trending normal fault according to moment tensor solutions, the extension is due to the back-arc basin in the Tyrrhenian Sea opening faster than the African Plate is colliding with the Eurasian Plate. The earthquake was reported to measure 6.3 on the moment magnitude scale, earthquakes mark the history of LAquila, a city built on the bed of an ancient lake, providing a soil structure that amplifies seismic waves. The city was struck by earthquakes in 1315,1349,1452,1501,1646,1703,1706 and 1958, the earthquake of February 1703, which caused devastation across much of central Italy, largely destroyed the city and killed around 5,000 people. The earthquake caused damage to between 3,000 and 11,000 buildings in the city of LAquila. Twenty of the victims were children, around 65,000 people were rendered homeless. Human Losses, The L’Aquila earthquake was a case for officials. It was a small earthquake, located at the center of a highly developed nation with excellent infrastructure. However, numerous mass media had started by reporting zero fatalities, BBC still reported only 108 dead 16 hours after the disaster struck, when QLARM had already distributed 22 minutes after the earthquake an estimate of 275 ±250 fatalities. Granted, the bar is large and there are reasons for that. A description of QLARM and recent estimates of losses due to earthquakes worldwide in real time can be found at http. Fatality reports by the media as a function of time, compared to the QLARM calculation distributed 22 minutes after the L’Aquila earthquake, the ultimate fatalities count is indicated by the square. The QLARM uncertainty is given by the vertical bar, the source for reports is the NINTRAS web site of the Swiss Seismological Service. Only new maximum reports are plotted, the main earthquake was preceded by two smaller earthquakes the previous day. The earthquake was felt as far away as Rome, in parts of Lazio, as well as Marche, Molise
8. 2009 Papua earthquakes – The 2009 Papua earthquakes occurred on January 4 local time in Indonesias West Papua province. The events took place less than three hours apart to the east-northeast of Sorong on the Birds Head Peninsula and left at least four people dead and dozens injured. An official of World Vision International, an aid organization, said ten buildings had been totally destroyed, including several hotels. Officials said three people, who had been staying at the Mutiara hotel in the city of Manokwari, were pulled alive from the rubble, two hotels collapsed in the quake. There have been twenty-three aftershocks above magnitude 5.0 and another at magnitude 6.0, the earthquakes were also felt in nearby Papua New Guinea and Darwin, Australia. List of earthquakes in 2009 List of earthquakes in Indonesia Earthquake in Papua, Indonesia – NASA Earth Observatory
9. 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami – The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. The submarine earthquake occurred in an environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1. It was the largest earthquake of 2009, a tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. The quake occurred on the rise of the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. This is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic plates in the Earths lithosphere meet and earthquakes and volcanic activity are common. Countries affected by the tsunami in the areas that were hit are American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga where more than 189 people were killed, especially children, most of them in Samoa. Large waves with no major damage were reported on the coasts of Fiji, people took precautions in the low-lying atolls of Tokelau and moved to higher ground. Niue was reported as safe because it is high. There were no reports of waves from Vanuatu, Kiribati, New Caledonia. The water flowed inland about 100 yd before receding, leaving some cars stuck in the mud, a beach village was reported to have been wiped out, killing at least 14 people after the earthquake had sent residents fleeing for higher ground. Large numbers of American Samoans were said to have been injured or homeless. Confirmed death tolls rose to 22 people, with people still missing in the villages of Leone. He also witnessed looting in one of the stores, American Samoa Governor Togiola Tulafono was in Honolulu, Hawaii for an ocean policy conference at the time of the tsunami struck. Tulafono was monitoring events in American Samoa, but was having difficulties reaching the territory because of communications failures and he told reporters that because of the tight knit communities and strong family bonds, I dont think anybody is going to be spared this disaster. Tulafono departed Hawaii for American Samoa on a United States Coast Guard supply flight from Honolulu on the evening of 29 September, lieutenant Governor Ipulasi Aitofele Sunia announced that the earthquake had caused severe damage to American Samoas electrical infrastructure. The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the village of Fagaalu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. The Satala electrical plant may be out of service for a month or more until repairs can be made, electricity is also out on the islands of Ofu-Olosega, in the Manua Islands Group, and a government plane has been sent to assess damage on Ofu. The water system was damaged in the earthquake, and the supply of fresh water to eastern parts of American Samoa has been disrupted due to broken water lines
10. 2009 Sumatra earthquakes – The September 2009 Sumatra earthquake occurred on September 30 off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia with a moment magnitude of 7.6 at 17,16,10 local time. The epicenter was 45 kilometres west-northwest of Padang, Sumatra, and 220 kilometres southwest of Pekanbaru, government reports have to date confirmed 1,115 dead,1,214 severely injured and 1,688 slightly injured. The most deaths occurred in the areas of Padang Pariaman, Padang, Agam, in addition, around 135,000 houses were severely damaged,65,000 houses were moderately damaged and 79,000 houses were slightly damaged. An estimated 250,000 families have been affected by the earthquake through the total or partial loss of their homes and livelihoods. The whole of Indonesia except Borneo, Bangka Belitung, Riau Islands, along the Sunda megathrust, the Indo-Australian Plate is being subducted beneath the Eurasian plate. The subduction creates regular earthquakes, many of them of megathrust type, specifically the Sumatran segment is currently experiencing a period of increased activity that began with the catastrophic 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. Each earthquake of the sequence adds additional stresses to segments of the boundary that have not moved recently. Although it was in the region, the United States Geological Survey specified that it was not an aftershock. The second earthquake has been linked to movement on the Great Sumatran fault. Tremors from the first earthquakes were felt in the Indonesian capital, Jakarta, Malaysia, the management of some high-rise buildings in Singapore evacuated their staff. A tsunami watch was triggered and there was reports of house damage, hotels in Padang were destroyed, and communications to the city were disrupted. Local news channel Metro TV reported fires in Padang where residents had run onto the streets as the first quake hit, teams of rescuers from nearby branches of the National Search and Rescue Agency have been deployed to Padang. It was also reported that water pipes in Padang were broken. There have also been reports that at least two hospitals and several schools have collapsed, there were landslides and collateral debris flows in the hills surrounding Lake Maninjau. The landslide in Gunung Nan Tigo, Padang Pariaman district completely destroyed some villages, landslides also forced some roads to be closed. Padangs Minangkabau International Airport suffered minor damage, with parts of the ceiling in the area falling down. The airport reopened on 1 October, authorities announced that several disaster management teams were en route to Padang although it took several hours for them to reach more remote areas. Rescue workers pulled dozens of survivors from the rubble and rushed them to Djamil Hospital, the hospital itself was overwhelmed with patients, and many patients were treated in tents set up outside the hospital
11. August 2009 Sumatra earthquake – The 2009 Sumatra earthquake occurred with a magnitude of 6.7 on August 16,2009 near Siberut, Mentawai Islands, Indonesia at 14,38, injuring at least seven people. The earthquake was strongly in Padang. The epicentre of the quake was located 43 kilometres southeast of Siberut Island off western Sumatra, there were no reports of casualties or damage on Siberut Island, but an escalator collapsed at a mall in Padang, injuring five people. Two others were hurt when the fences of their homes gave way, List of earthquakes in 2009 List of earthquakes in Indonesia
12. 2009 West Java earthquake – The 2009 West Java earthquake occurred on September 2 at 14,55 local time in West Java, Indonesia. The magnitude 7.0 earthquake killed at least 79 people, injured over 1,250, the quake was felt in the capital Jakarta, although damage there was minimal, and it was Indonesias deadliest earthquake since the 2006 Pangandaran earthquake and tsunami. The earthquakes focus lies close to the fault plane where the Indo-Australian Plate is being subducted beneath the Eurasian Plate. Another earthquake in the subduction zone occurred only 5 days later in the ocean south of Yogyakarta. This newer quake is considered to be related to the West Java earthquake, buildings in Bandung and Tasikmalaya, the town closest to the epicenter, were damaged, and hundreds of people were injured. An estimated 18,300 homes and offices were earlier thought to have been damaged and this figure later rose to 87,000. The quake was felt in Jakarta, Indonesias capital, causing evacuation in many office buildings, several office buildings along major thoroughfares in Central Jakarta suffered damage. At least 11 houses were covered by a landslide in Cianjur, around 37 inhabitants, including 13 children, of Cikangkareng were affected by a landslide caused by the quake and are thought to have been buried beneath rubble. The area has become a ground for voyeurs who are flocking to the area to take photographs of the destruction. At least one hospital was destroyed by the quake, confirmed death tolls by area were issued by The Jakarta Post on 4 September
13. 2009 Yunnan earthquake – The 2009 Yunnan earthquake occurred with a moment magnitude of 5.7 in Yunnan province, Peoples Republic of China on 9 July. At least one died and over 300 were injured, with over 50 of these sustaining serious injuries. At 11,19,27 UTC, a magnitude 5.7 earthquake with an epicentre at 25°37′08″N 101°05′10″E occurred, the epicentre was in Guantun,200 kilometres from the provinces capital Kunming and 98 kilometres east north east of Dali. The depth of the event was 10 kilometres, a magnitude 5.0 aftershock occurred on July 10 at 09,02,04 UTC. Its epicentre was located at 25°37′37″N 100°56′56″E, in total, there were over 8 aftershocks. The earthquake destroyed 10,000 houses and damaged a further 30,000, one person died and over 300 people were injured, with over 50 suffering serious injuries. Yunnan provinces civil affairs department was dispatching 4,500 tents, also, a coal mine collapsed in the epicentral area within 50 miles. List of earthquakes in 2009 List of earthquakes in China