Category:9th Queen's Royal Lancers officers
Pages in category "9th Queen's Royal Lancers officers"
The following 63 pages are in this category, out of 63 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 63 pages are in this category, out of 63 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 9th Queen's Royal Lancers – The 9th Queens Royal Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1715. It saw service for three centuries, including the First and Second World Wars, the regiment survived the immediate post-war reduction in forces, but was amalgamated with the 12th Royal Lancers to form the 9th/12th Royal Lancers in 1960. The regiment was formed by Major-General Owen Wynne as Owen Wynnes Regiment of Dragoons in Bedford in 1715 as part of the response to the Jacobite rising, the regiments first action was to attack the Jacobite forces in Wigan in late 1715. In 1717, the regiment embarked for Ballinrobe, in Ireland, the regiment was ranked as the 9th Dragoons in 1719, re-titled as the 9th Regiment of Dragoons in 1751 and converted into Light Dragoons, becoming the 9th Regiment of Dragoons in 1783. The regiment also saw action at the Battle of Vinegar Hill on 21 June 1798, the regiment took part in Sir Samuel Auchmutys disastrous expedition to the River Plate in October 1806, including the occupation of Montevideo in February 1807 during the Anglo-Spanish War. It then took part in the equally unsuccessfully Walcheren Campaign in autumn 1809, the regiment then embarked for Portugal and fought at the Battle of Arroyo dos Molinos, capturing General De Brune of the French Army, in October 1811 during the Peninsular War. It was also part of the force for the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812. In April 1813, the regiment returned to England, the regiment were re-designated as a lancer formation in 1816 and became the 9th Lancers in honour of Queen Adelaide in 1830. The regiment was posted to India in 1842 and it saw action at the Battle of Punniar in December 1843 during the Gwalior Campaign. It also fought at the Battle of Sobraon in February 1846 during the First Anglo-Sikh War and it was described by an ally as, The beau ideal of all that British Cavalry ought to be in Oriental countries. The regiment was renamed the 9th Lancers in 1861, the regiment was posted to Afghanistan in 1878 and marched through the Khyber Pass in March 1879 as part of the cavalry brigade led by General Hugh Henry Gough. Following the murder of the British ambassador and his guards at Kabul in September 1879, the commanding officer of the regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Cleland, was killed while leading a charge at the Battle of Killa Kazi in December 1879. The effort, however, was worthy and that it failed in its object was no fault of our gallant soldiers, the regiment provided Lord Roberts’ escort for his state entry into Bloemfontein. After the war, the regiment returned to Sialkot in the Punjab, in the Delhi Durbar of 1903, the Duke of Connaught specially selected an escort from the 9th Lancers. This was popular with the regiment, but not with all Indian spectators, before he died, the man had stated that his assailants were men of the 9th Lancers. It was suggested in the press that the assailants may actually have been unsuccessful applicants for the post of cook, the regiment landed in France as part of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade in the 1st Cavalry Division in August 1914 for service on the Western Front. Captain Francis Grenfell was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions in saving the guns of 119th Battery, the regiment was renamed the 9th Queens Royal Lancers in 1921. It was deployed to Ireland and lost nine of its men in the Scramogue ambush of March 1921 during the Irish War of Independence
2. British Army – The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom. As of 2017 the British Army comprises just over 80,000 trained Regular, or full-time, personnel and just over 26,500 trained Reserve, or part-time personnel. Therefore, the UK Parliament approves the continued existence of the Army by passing an Armed Forces Act at least once every five years, day to day the Army comes under administration of the Ministry of Defence and is commanded by the Chief of the General Staff. Repeatedly emerging victorious from these decisive wars allowed Britain to influence world events with its policies and establish itself as one of the leading military. In 1660 the English, Scottish and Irish monarchies were restored under Charles II, Charles favoured the foundation of a new army under royal control and began work towards its establishment by August 1660. The Royal Scots Army and the Irish Army were financed by the Parliament of Scotland, the order of seniority of the most senior line regiments in the British Army is based on the order of seniority in the English army. At that time there was only one English regiment of dragoons, after William and Marys accession to the throne, England involved itself in the War of the Grand Alliance, primarily to prevent a French invasion restoring Marys father, James II. Spain, in the two centuries, had been the dominant global power, and the chief threat to Englands early transatlantic ambitions. The territorial ambitions of the French, however, led to the War of the Spanish Succession and the Napoleonic Wars. From the time of the end of the Seven Years War in 1763, Great Britain was the naval power. As had its predecessor, the English Army, the British Army fought the Kingdoms of Spain, France, and the Netherlands for supremacy in North America and the West Indies. With native and provincial assistance, the Army conquered New France in the North American theatre of the Seven Years War, the British Army suffered defeat in the American War of Independence, losing the Thirteen Colonies but holding on to Canada. The British Army was heavily involved in the Napoleonic Wars and served in campaigns across Europe. The war between the British and the First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte stretched around the world and at its peak, in 1813, the regular army contained over 250,000 men. A Coalition of Anglo-Dutch and Prussian Armies under the Duke of Wellington, the English had been involved, both politically and militarily, in Ireland since being given the Lordship of Ireland by the Pope in 1171. The campaign of the English republican Protector, Oliver Cromwell, involved uncompromising treatment of the Irish towns that had supported the Royalists during the English Civil War, the English Army stayed in Ireland primarily to suppress numerous Irish revolts and campaigns for independence. Having learnt from their experience in America, the British government sought a political solution, the British Army found itself fighting Irish rebels, both Protestant and Catholic, primarily in Ulster and Leinster in the 1798 rebellion. The Haldane Reforms of 1907 formally created the Territorial Force as the Armys volunteer reserve component by merging and reorganising the Volunteer Force, Militia, Great Britains dominance of the world had been challenged by numerous other powers, in the 20th century, most notably Germany
3. Francis Octavius Grenfell – Francis Octavius Grenfell, VC was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross. He was born on 4 September 1880 to Sophia and Pascoe Du Pré Grenfell and he was one of fifteen children. He had a brother, Riversdale Grenfell, also in the 9th Lancers. Their maternal grandfather was Admiral John Pascoe Grenfell and other relatives included their uncle, Field Marshal Francis Grenfell, an older brother, Lieutenant Robert Septimus Grenfell, 21st Lancers, was killed in a cavalry charge during the Battle of Omdurman in 1898. Three other brothers, Cecil Grenfell, Howard Maxwell Grenfell and Arthur Morton Grenfell all reached the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the British Army. An Etonian who represented his school at cricket, Grenfell joined the army in 1900 and first served in the Second Boer War in the Kings Royal Rifle Corps. Grenfell was 33 years old, and a Captain in the 9th Lancers, on 24 August 1914 at Audregnies, Belgium, Captain Grenfell rode with the regiment in a charge against a large body of unbroken German infantry. The casualties were heavy and the captain was left as the senior officer. He was rallying part of the regiment behind an embankment when he was twice hit. He was killed in action on 24 May 1915 and is buried in the Vlamertinghe Military Cemetery and his Victoria Cross is displayed at the Regimental Museum of the 9th/12th Royal Lancers housed in Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Derby, England. All nine of the Grenfell brothers were accomplished polo players, Francis and his brother, Riversdale Grenfell, were regarded as the best in the family. Francis was rated at an 8-goal handicap, Francis and Riversdale Grenfell, A Memoir. Monuments to Courage The Register of the Victoria Cross VCs of the First World War -1914 Works by or about Francis Octavius Grenfell at Internet Archive Francis Grenfell, First World War
4. James Hope Grant – General Sir James Hope Grant, GCB, was a British Army officer. He served in the First Anglo-Chinese War, First Anglo-Sikh War, Indian Rebellion of 1857, Grant was the fifth and youngest son of Francis Grant of Kilgraston, Perthshire, and brother of Sir Francis Grant, President of the Royal Academy. He was uncle to sculptor Mary Grant and he entered the British Army in 1826 as cornet in the 9th Lancers, and became lieutenant in 1828 and captain in 1835. In 1842 he was brigade-major to Lord Saltoun in the First Opium War, and distinguished himself at the capture of Chinkiang, after which he received the rank of major and the CB. There is a popular, possibly apocryphal, story that he was selected by Saltoun because he wanted a cellist to accompany him and he was promoted brevet lieutenant-colonel and shortly afterwards to the same substantive rank. In 1854 he became brevet-colonel, and in 1856 brigadier of cavalry and he took a leading part in the suppression of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, holding for some time the command of the cavalry division, and afterwards of a movable column of horse and foot. Before the work of pacification was quite completed he was created KCB, the object of the campaign was accomplished within three months of the landing of the forces at Pei-tang. The Taku Forts had been carried by assault, the Chinese defeated three times in the open and Peking occupied. For his conduct in this, which has called the most successful. The introduction of annual army manoeuvres was largely due to Sir James Hope Grant, in 1872 he was gazetted general. He died in London on 7 March 1875 and he is buried in Grange Cemetery in Edinburgh. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh. Knollys, Henry, ed. Incidents in the Sepoy War 1857-58, compiled from the Private Journals of General Sir Hope Grant, K. C. B. Knollys, Henry, ed. Incidents in the China War of 1860, compiled from the Private Journals of General Sir Hope Grant G. C. B
5. Lord William Beresford – William Leslie de la Poer Beresford was born on 20 July 1847, the second son of John de La Poer Beresford, 4th Marquess of Waterford. Beresford was sent to Eton in 1858, when he was sixteen he left Eton and went to Bonn, where he studied French and German at the home of a tutor. In 1867, at the age of twenty, he joined the 9th Queens Royal Lancers as a cornet, in 1875 the regiment was sent to India, where it was stationed at Sialkot. Later that year he was appointed A. D. C. to Lord Northbrook and he did some racing, and won the Corinthian Purse at a meet attended by the Prince of Wales. Beresford became a captain in the 9th Lancers during the Zulu War of 1879, the Zulus were coming in great numbers, but Lord William, with help from Sergeant Edmund OToole of the Frontier Light Horse. Managed to mount the injured man behind him and he was, however, so dizzy that Sergeant OToole, who had been keeping back the advancing Zulus, gave up his carbine and, riding alongside, helped to hold him on until they reached safety. The Queen, appreciating this generosity and soldierly honesty, bestowed the reward also on Sergeant Edmund OToole of Bakers Horse, Lord William Beresford became a member of the staff of the Viceroy of India. He won the Viceroys cup at the Calcutta Turf Club in 1881 with his black gelding Camballo and he later won it three more times with Myall King. Beresford strongly believed in the merits of English thoroughbreds and he was rivaled in Indian racing circles by the wealthy Calcutta merchant Apcar Alexander Apcar, who owned a stud of Australian race horses, and his partner the barrister Malcolm Peter Gasper. This competition did much to improve the quality of horses in India, in England, Beresfords filly Sibola won the 18991,000 Guineas Stakes, and came second in the Epsom Oaks. In 1899 his two-year-old Democrat beat Diamond Jubilee, winner of the Triple Crown, Democrat did not continue racing, but later was Lord Kitcheners charger in India. Lord William Beresford achieved the rank of lieutenant colonel, in 1895, he married Lillian, Duchess of Marlborough, widow of George Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough, and daughter of Commodore Cicero Price. He died at Deepdene, Dorking, Surrey on 30 December 1900 from perotinitis at the age of 53 and he had one child, William Warren de la Poer Beresford. Citations Sources Listed in order of year of publication The Register of the Victoria Cross Clarke, a register of awards to Irish-born officers and men. Irelands VCs Monuments to Courage Irish Winners of the Victoria Cross
6. John Cope (British Army officer) – Sir John Cope KB was a British general and member of parliament. Although a successful officer in the Wars of the Spanish and Austrian Succession, Cope was the oldest son of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Cope of Icomb, Gloucestershire. His grandfather disapproved of his fathers marriage and entailed the family estate so that John could not inherit it when his father died, John was educated at Westminster School around 1700, and appointed page to Lord Raby, then ambassador at Berlin, in 1706. Raby commissioned Cope a cornet in his regiment, the Royal Regiment of Dragoons in 1707, Cope was committed to the care of General Stanhope, who appointed him an aide-de-camp in 1708. These connections secured Copes rapid advance and he purchased a captaincy in Wades Regiment of Foot in 1709, which he shortly thereafter exchanged for one in Lord Peterboroughs Regiment of Dragoons. On 7 October 1710, he became captain and lieutenant-colonel in the 3rd Foot Guards, on 1 April 1712, he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of Macartneys Regiment of Foot, but immediately exchanged to the same position, on 2 April, in Wynnes Regiment of Foot. He was breveted a colonel in 1713, with effect from 17 November 1711. Copes rise during the war had been rapid, and he had also married Jane, with the later he had one son, James Cope Cope received the lieutenant-colonelcy of the 2nd Foot Guards in 1715, and of the 1st Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards in 1720. He now sought to enter Parliament on the Government interest, a steady supporter of Robert Walpole, he was returned for Queenborough in the 1722 election. At the 1727 election, he was put in for Liskeard instead and his rise in the army continued, he was appointed colonel of the 39th Regiment of Foot in 1730, and transferred to the 5th Regiment of Foot in 1732. He unsuccessfully contested Orford in the 1734 election, promoted brigadier-general in 1735 and appointed colonel of the 9th Regiment of Dragoons on 27 June 1737, he obtained a seat at Orford in a by-election in 1738. Promoted major-general on 2 July 1739, Cope became colonel of the 7th Regiment of Dragoons on 12 August 1741 and he did not stand in the 1741 election. In the summer of 1742, he went abroad with the Pragmatic Army under Field-Marshal Lord Stair to fight in the War of the Austrian Succession. He led the line of cavalry at the Battle of Dettingen. In 1745 in his role as Commander-in-Chief in Scotland, Cope was in command of the government forces at the Battle of Prestonpans and was defeated by the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart and his men broke and ran as the result of a highland charge. The battle is commemorated by Adam Skirvings heavily mythologized song Heigh, johnnie Cowp, are ye wauken yet. However, Cope was later court-martialled and exonerated of such charges, anyone who scrutinizes it closely can only conclude that the Board was correct. Cope is said to have made a large amount wagering that his replacement would be defeated by the clans just as he had been, though cleared of any charges, Cope never commanded in the field again and died in 1760
7. Lord Charles Hay – Lord Charles Hay was a soldier of the British Army who saw service in the Anglo-Spanish War, the Wars of the Polish and Austrian Successions, and the Seven Years War. He combined this with a career, sitting for a time as a member of parliament. He won particular renown during the War of the Austrian Succession and he saw action at the Battles of Dettingen and Fontenoy, distinguishing himself in the latter with an encounter with a French regiment, that was later remarked upon by Voltaire. His political career was also turbulent, at times spent in opposition to the Administration and it ended after a period of apparent mental instability, and he did not seek re-election. Hay was appointed to an important command early in the Seven Years War, to be part of a force sent to capture Louisbourg and he was overheard making opprobrious remarks about the conduct of the campaign, and was arrested. He spent some time waiting for a ship to be able to return to England, the court-martial referred its decision to the king, but Hay died suddenly in 1760, before it could be announced. Lord Charles Hay was born c,1700, the third son of Charles Hay, 3rd Marquess of Tweeddale, and his wife Lady Susan Hamilton, the daughter of William Douglas, Duke of Hamilton. Lord Charles was the brother of John Hay, 4th Marquess of Tweeddale. Hay entered the army, being gazetted ensign in the 2nd Regiment of Foot Guards on 18 May 1722, and he was apparently present at the siege of Gibraltar in 1727, and in 1729 he was serving as a captain of the 9th Regiment of Dragoons. He took part as a volunteer in the armies of Prince Eugene of Savoy during the Rhine campaigns of 1734 in the War of the Polish Succession. He was elected as the member of parliament for Haddingtonshire in 1741, one of Hays biographers noted that whichever be the correct version of the occurrence, Hay unquestionably showed extraordinary coolness. Hay was severely wounded in the battle, and was initially reported to have been killed. He recovered and continued his career in politics, supporting the Hanoverian faction and the Carteret Ministry. A professional soldier, he was described by Horace Walpole in a letter to Sir Horace Mann as having more of the parts of an Irishman than of a Scot, in 1734, that he talked of it ever after and went by the name of Trentquatre. Walpole had reason to dislike Hay, who supported Lord Carteret against Sir Robert Walpoles Ministry, with Walpoles fall in 1742, Hay supported Carterets new Administration, and its successor, the Pelham Ministry. His political career came to an end after a period in November 1746 and he did not seek re-election at the 1747 general election. He was made aide-de-camp to King George II in March 1749, in 1751 he succeeded his kinsman Sir Robert Hay, 2nd Baronet to the estate of Linplum in Haddingtonshire. From 1753 until 1760 he was Colonel of the 33rd Regiment of Foot, the force was part of the expedition under Lord Loudoun
8. Prince Francis of Teck – His father was Prince Francis, Duke of Teck, the son of Duke Alexander of Württemberg and Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde. His mother was the Duchess of Teck, the youngest daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, frank was styled His Serene Highness Prince Francis of Teck at birth. Prince Francis was a gambler, whose debts led to him being sent to pursue his career in India. According to Julia P. Gelardis Born to Rule, Prince Francis was vigorously pursued by Maud of Wales, the two exchanged letters, but it soon became clear that Francis was not interested in Maud. She went on to marry her first cousin Prince Carl of Denmark, Francis had an affair with society beauty Ellen Constance, wife of Francis Needham, 3rd Earl of Kilmorey, to whom he allegedly bequeathed the Cambridge emeralds, part of the Teck family jewels. He attended the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and served in the Lancers and he rose to the rank of Major, before retiring in 1901. He died suddenly in 1910 at the age of forty, having caught pneumonia at Balmoral, on his early death, shortly before his sisters coronation as queen of the United Kingdom, Francis of Tecks will set a legal precedent when it was sealed, to avoid potential scandal. The document remains unpublished, and subsequent royal wills have followed this tradition and he is buried in the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore
9. Gerald Grosvenor, 4th Duke of Westminster – Colonel Gerald Hugh Grosvenor, 4th Duke of Westminster DSO PC DL was the son of Captain Lord Hugh William Grosvenor and Lady Mabel Crichton and a grandson of Hugh Grosvenor, 1st Duke of Westminster. He was commissioned into the 9th Lancers from the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and he was promoted Lieutenant in 1929, Captain in 1936, and Major in 1943. From 1936 to 1938 he served as adjutant and in 1938 he was appointed adjutant of the Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. In 1947 he was invalided out of the Army, but in 1950 was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Wiltshire Army Cadet Force and he married Sally Perry on 11 April 1945. In 1952 he was appointed as an Exon in the Yeomen of the Guard, on 18 February 1955, he was appointed honorary colonel of the Cheshire Yeomanry and on 19 May 1961, he was appointed colonel of the 9th/12th Royal Lancers. In 1959 he served as High Sheriff of Cheshire and he was made a Privy Counsellor in 1964. He is also known to have ordered the demolition of Alfred Waterhouses Eaton Hall in 1963 and it was replaced by a far smaller, modern house. At the time of the demolition, he was Britains wealthiest peer and he died in 1967, aged 60, and was buried in the churchyard of Eccleston Church near Eaton Hall, Cheshire. His titles passed to his brother, Robert Grosvenor, 1907–1943, Mr Gerald Grosvenor 1943–1961, Major Gerald Grosvenor 1961–1963, Colonel Gerald Grosvenor 1963–1967, His Grace The Duke of Westminster 4th Duke of Westminster
10. Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth – Field Marshal Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, PC, styled The Honourable Richard Molesworth from 1716 to 1726, was an Anglo-Irish military officer, politician and nobleman. He served with his regiment at the Battle of Blenheim before being appointed aide-de-camp to the Duke of Marlborough during the War of the Spanish Succession, during the Battle of Ramillies Molesworth offered Marlborough his own horse after Marlborough fell from the saddle. Molesworth then recovered his masters charger and slipped away, by these actions he saved his masters life, during the Battle of Ramillies, which took place the following day, Molesworth offered Marlborough his own horse after Marlborough fell from the saddle. Molesworth then recovered his masters charger and slipped away, by these actions he saved his masters life and he commanded an infantry regiment in Catalonia under the Duke of Argyll from July 1710 until he returned to England in late 1712. Molesworth became Lieutenant of the Ordnance in Ireland in December 1714 and was elected Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons for Swords in 1715. He raised a regiment of Dragoons in 1715 and was wounded at the Battle of Preston in November 1715 during the Jacobite rising of that year, after taking part in the competition to develop a marine chronometer, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in March 1722. Molesworth became colonel of the Inniskilling Regiment of Foot in March 1725, promoted to the local rank of lieutenant-general in Ireland in 1739, he became Master-General of the Ordnance in Ireland in 1740. Promoted to the rank of lieutenant-general on 1 July 1742 and to general of the horse on 24 March 1746, he became Commander-in-Chief. At this time he lived at 14 Henrietta Street in Dublin, promoted to field marshal on 3 December 1757, Molesworth became Governor of the Royal Hospital Kilmainham, he died in London on 12 October 1758 and was buried in Kensington. Molesworth first married Jane Lucas, they had one child, Mary, following the death of his first wife he married Mary Jenney Usher on 7 February 1744 and had four children from this union, Henrietta, Melosina, Mary and Louisa
11. Henry Richard Abadie – Major-General Henry Richard Abadie CB was a British Army officer. Abadie was born the son of Louis Pascal Abadie, who came from Chateau de Pellepoix in France and he was married firstly to Kate Sandeman and following her death in 1883, to Caroline, daughter of Colonel Fanshawe Gostling in 1890. Abadie joined the army in 1858 and served in the 1868 Expedition to Abyssinia and he was made a captain 1872 and fought in the Second Anglo-Afghan War including the Battle of Kandahar in 1879. He was with the 9th Lancers and commanded the Cavalry Depot at Canterbury from 1894 to 1897, from 1899 to 1900, he commanded Eastern District, during which he was promoted to Major-General and awarded a Companion of the Order of the Bath. Thereafter Abadie was appointed the Lieutenant Governor of Jersey, a post he held until 1904, there is a painting of him in Derby at his regimental museum by John St Helier Lander