Category:Alexander Jackson Davis buildings
Pages in category "Alexander Jackson Davis buildings"
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Alexander Jackson Davis – Alexander Jackson Davis, or A. J. Davis, was one of the most successful and influential American architects of his generation, known particularly for his association with the Gothic Revival style. Davis was born in New York City to Cornelius Davis, a bookseller and editor of theological works and he spent his early years in New Jersey and attended elementary school in upstate New York. In 1818, Davis went to Alexandria, Virginia, to learn the trade from a half-brother. Living mostly in New York City from 1823 onward, he studied at the American Academy of Fine Arts, the New-York Drawing Association, and from the Antique casts of the National Academy of Design. Davis made a first independent career as an illustrator in the 1820s. Picturesque siting, massing and contrasts remained essential to his work, in 1826, Davis went to work in the office of Ithiel Town and Martin E. From 1829, in partnership with Town, Davis formed the first recognizably modern architectural office and designed many late Classical buildings, in Washington, Davis designed the Executive Department offices and with Robert Mills the first Patent Office building. He also designed the Custom House of New York City, bridgeport City Hall, constructed in 1853 and 1854, is a later government building Davis designed in the Classical style. Rague, who was at work on the Iowa State Capitol at the same time and he continued in partnership with Town until shortly before Towns death in 1844. In 1831, he was elected a member of the National Academy. Unfortunately the Panic of 1837 cut short his plans for a series of like volumes, additions to Vesper Cliff were built in 1834. The 1840s and 1850s were Daviss two most fruitful decades as a designer of country houses and his villa Lyndhurst at Tarrytown, New York, is his single most famous house. The village of Skaneateles, New York, has at least two buildings designed by Davis, innovative interior features, including his designs for mantels and sideboards, were also widely imitated in the trade. Other influential interior details include pocket shutters at windows, bay windows, the Greek Revival style William Walsh House was built at Albany, New York, and Gothic Revival style Belmead was built near Powhatan, Virginia, in 1845. This building, fondly called Station 10, still exists and can be found in Newport, Davis built a similar pavilion for his colleague and fellow NYYC founder, John Clarkson Jay, on Jays Hudson River waterfront property in Rye, New York, in 1849. Although this building was taken down in the 1950s, the setting and garden where it was once located is part of a National Historic Landmark site. In 1851, Davis completed Winyah Park, one of eighteen or more Italianate houses he designed in the 1850s. Winyah was built for Richard Lathers, who had studied architecture with Davis in New York in the 1830s and it was situated on Latherss estate in the town of New Rochelle in Westchester County, New York
2. Barracks, Virginia Military Institute – The Old Barracks is a historic building on the campus of the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia. Built in 1848 and repeatedly enlarged and redesigned by a succession of architects, the building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1965 for its architecture and its association with nations oldest state-supported military academy. The campus of the Virginia Military Institute is located on the side of the city of Lexington. At its center is a parade ground, around which a significant number of the institutes buildings are arrayed. The Old Barracks are located along the edge of the ground. There are three sections, each of which presents a bank of windows, with a central entry. The projecting sections have polygonal towers with crenellated tops at the corners, with similar lower towers at the end of the structure. The tower at the end of the structure is square with angled corners. VMI was founded in 1839, and is the first and best-known of the nations state-funded military academies, most of the institutes early buildings were demolished during the American Civil War, with only a portion of the barracks building surviving. This portion was designed by architect Alexander Jackson Davis and built in 1848, in the 1890s the building was redesigned by Isaac Eugene Alexander Rose, and in 1916 it was enlarged to design work by Benjamin Grosvenor Goodhue, which created the first complete quadrangle. In 1948 the building was extended by the addition of a new wing, designed by Carneal
3. Blandwood Mansion and Gardens – Blandwood Mansion is a historic house museum at 447 West Washington Street in Greensboro, North Carolina. It is believed to be the oldest extant example of the Italian Villa Style of architecture in the United States, saved from demolition in 1964 by preservation-minded Greensboro citizens, the house was opened as a museum in 1976 and remains open to the public today. Initially constructed as a two-story, four-room frame farmhouse in 1795, Blandwood likely took the name of its first occupant and builder, Charles Bland. Bland and his wife Catherine farmed the surrounding 100 acres until 1800, the property was purchased by industrialist Henry Humphries in 1822 for $50. Humphries founded the Mt. Hecla Cotton Mill in 1818, which was reconstituted in 1826 as the first steam-powered cotton mill in North Carolina, Governor Morehead lived in the house from 1827 until his death in 1866. As a political leader, Morehead hosted numerous intellectuals of the day including social activist Dorothea Dix, vance surrendered himself to Cox and Schofield in the main parlor of Blandwood on May 2,1865. The first in 1822 expanded the farmhouse from four to six rooms. The second addition was extensive and designed in 1844 by New York City architect Alexander Jackson Davis and this addition more than doubled the square footage of the house within a Tuscan Villa style wing. The Davis addition makes Blandwood the oldest standing example of Tuscan Villa in the United States, after Governor Moreheads death, the house was occupied by his youngest son Eugene until 1874. Eugenes sister and brother-in-law, Emma and Julius Gray, were the occupants of the house. The couple resided in Blandwood with their six children, Julius Gray was a civic-minded businessman, banker, and founder of the Greensboro Chamber of Commerce. All members of the family died in the last decade of the nineteenth century except for the children of the eldest Gray daughter, the last members of the Morehead family to live in Blandwood left the house in 1900. Blandwood and its property were sold to Colonel and Mrs. William H. Osborne in 1907 for use as a local franchise of the Keeley Institute. The original dependencies were destroyed and additions erected around the property, Preservation efforts were initiated by Guilford College, but were picked up after Preservation Greensboro Incorporated was established in 1966. The house is recognized by historians as the Embodiment of the antebellum spirit of improvement, in North Carolina. Blandwood is the oldest building on original foundations in the city of Greensboro, originally located within a rural context, it is a remarkable survivor of urban development as the city grew around the house. Its primary national significance is its role as the earliest identified Tuscan Villa in the United States, the building is also a rare example of grand antebellum architecture in the Piedmont section of North Carolina - a territory characterized by small farms and a relatively small enslaved population. The nonprofit initiated a program of restoration, including paint analysis, archaeological investigation, a plan, reconstruction of dependencies
4. Bridgeport City Hall – The old Bridgeport City Hall is located in Bridgeport, Connecticut. The building was built in 1854 as both the City Hall and the Fairfield County Courthouse and was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 19,1977, the old city hall was renamed McLevy Hall after Bridgeport mayor, Jasper McLevy in 1966. Locating the Fairfield County Courthouse in Bridgeport was the result of much debate, bridgeports offer to pay for the building of a courthouse and jail decided the matter. Bridgeport City Hall was constructed in 1853-54 between State and Bank Streets and cost $75,000, alexander Jackson Davis designed it in the Greek Revival style to resemble a temple. The building, opened in 1855, had a ground floor for use as City Hall. In 1886, when Bridgeport City Hall proved insufficient for both the needs of city and county, the Fairfield County Courthouse was built nearby. On Saturday, March 10,1860, Abraham Lincoln spoke in Washington Hall at Bridgeport City Hall, not only was the largest room in the city packed, but a crowd formed outside as well. Lincoln received a standing ovation before taking the 9,07 p. m. train that night back to Manhattan, a plaque marks the site where Lincoln spoke. History of Bridgeport, Connecticut National Register of Historic Places listings in Bridgeport, Connecticut
5. Davenport House (New Rochelle, New York) – The Davenport House, also known as Sans-Souci, is an 1859 residence in New Rochelle, New York, designed by architect Alexander Jackson Davis in the Gothic Revival style. The architecturally significant cottage and its compatible architect-designed additions represent a rare assemblage of mid-19th through early 20th century American residential design, the house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. The home is located in a section of New Rochelle. The sprawling 11, 216-square-foot,39 room house is one of the largest in the area and is set back from Davenport Road. The houses original setting included several undeveloped acres, today, upper-middle and upper-class, single-family detached housing surrounds the property on all four sides. The property boasts mature trees, numerous bushes, a front lawn. The cottage was built in 1859 for Lawrence Montgomery Davenport whose great grandfather had purchased the extensive Sound shore property known today as Davenport Neck. At the time of its construction in 1858, only a handful of dwellings were located on the promontory including several owned by Davenports close relatives. With a commanding view of Long Island Sound, meadows, and groves of fruit trees, the original 1 1⁄2-story blue-stone cottage features a large center gable, bargeboards, symmetrical chimneys, decorative shields, and diamond-paned oculi windows. Mrs. Anthony Walton White Evans purchased the home in 1865, the addition included a library, semi-circular billiard room and conservatory. In 1875, the family hired architect Frederick Coles to add a wing on the north side. Shortly after, a story was added to both the north and south wing adding numerous bedrooms and bathrooms to both. In 1912 the north wing was expanded and includes the large kitchen, pantry, a small dining room. The home remained in the Evans family until 1922 when its owner, Leroy Frantz. All rooms in the building have intricately designed parquet floors, the main entrance hall has an open staircase, molded cornices, and a red marble fireplace. The semi-circular library has a ceiling, a fireplace and bookcases. The former billiard room has molded cornices, dado, and sliding interior shutters, the parlor and dining room have molded cornices, glazed sliding doors, and red marble fireplaces. Some of the rooms have fireplaces and the semi-circular master bedroom has a sleeping porch
6. Henry Delamater House – The Henry Delamater House is a historic house at 44 Montgomery Street in Rhinebeck, New York, United States. It was designed by architect Alexander Jackson Davis and built in 1844 and it is a two-story, Gothic Revival style wood frame dwelling sheathed in board and batten siding. It has a hipped roof intersected by a front gable roof and features an ornamental verandah, also on the property is a contributing carriage house. It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on May 7,1973 and it is also a contributing property in the Rhinebeck Village Historic District. NY-5638, Henry Delamater House,44 Montgomery Street, Rhinebeck, Dutchess County, NY,13 photos,1 photo caption page
7. Federal Hall – It was also where the United States Bill of Rights was introduced in the First Congress. The building was demolished in 1812, Federal Hall National Memorial was built in 1842 as the United States Custom House, on the site of the old Federal Hall on Wall Street, and later served as a sub-Treasury building. It is now operated by the National Park Service as a memorial commemorating the historic events that occurred there. The original structure on the site was built as New Yorks second City Hall in 1699 -1703, on Wall Street, in 1735, John Peter Zenger, an American newspaper publisher, was arrested for committing libel against the British royal governor and was imprisoned and tried there. His acquittal on the grounds that the material he had printed was true established freedom of the press as it was defined in the Bill of Rights. In October 1765, delegates from nine of the 13 colonies met as the Stamp Act Congress in response to the levying of the Stamp Act by the Parliament of Great Britain. After the American Revolution, the City Hall served as the place for the Congress of the Confederation of the United States under the Articles of Confederation. In 1788, the building was remodeled and enlarged under the direction of Pierre Charles LEnfant and this was the first example of Federal Style architecture in the United States. It was renamed Federal Hall when it became the first Capitol of the United States under the Constitution in 1789 and he was inaugurated on the balcony of the building on April 30,1789. Many of the most important legislative actions in the United States occurred with the 1st Congress at Federal Hall, part of the original railing and balcony floor where Washington was inaugurated are on display in the memorial. The current structure, one of the best surviving examples of architecture in New York, was built as the first purpose-built U. S. Custom House for the Port of New York, designed by John Frazee, it was constructed of Tuckahoe marble and took more than a decade to complete. In 1862, Customs moved to 55 Wall Street and the served as one of six United States Sub-Treasury locations. Millions of dollars of gold and silver were kept in the basement vaults until the Federal Reserve Bank replaced the Sub-Treasury system in 1920. In 1882, John Quincy Adams Wards bronze George Washington statue was erected on its front steps, in 1920, a bomb was detonated across the street from Federal Hall at 23 Wall Street, in what became known as the Wall Street bombing. Thirty-eight people were killed and 400 injured, and 23 Wall Street was visibly damaged, a famous photograph of the event shows the destruction and effects of the bombing, but also shows the statue of Washington standing stoically in the face of chaos. The building was designated as Federal Hall Memorial National Historic Site on May 26,1939, as with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the memorial was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15,1966. Federal Hall was designated a landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission on December 21,1965, held just four blocks from the World Trade Center site, the meeting was the first by Congress in New York since 1790
8. Hawkwood (Gordonsville, Virginia) – Hawkwood is an Italianate-villa style country house near Gordonsville, Virginia. The house was designed by architect Alexander Jackson Davis of New York in 1851 for Richard Overton Morris of the locally prominent Morris family, and was completed in 1855. The house, which has also described as in the Italian Villa style, is one of only two Davis designs in that style which have not been substantially altered. The house is constructed of stuccoed brick, dominated by a projecting pavilion with one-story hipped-roof wings on either side. The south wing has an arcade on three sides, and features a picturesque three-story tower capped by a hipped roof, the main entry hall is octagonal. Landscaping is informal, complementing the house and its hilltop site, a nearby overseers house is complementary, in a wood-frame cottage style. The house was gutted by fire in 1982, which left the walls and it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 17,1970. It is included in the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District, Hawkwood at the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District Historic American Buildings Survey No. VA-36, Hawkwood, Route 15, Gordonsville vicinity, Louisa County, vA-36-A, Hawkwood, Log Cabin,3 photos,1 photo caption page HABS No. VA-36-B, Hawkwood, Managers House,3 photos,1 photo caption page HABS No,1,2 photos,1 photo caption page HABS No. 2,2 photos,1 photo caption page HABS No,3,3 photos,1 photo caption page HABS No. 4,1 photo,1 photo caption page
9. Litchfield Villa – Litchfield Villa is an Italianate mansion built in 1854 -1857 on a large private estate that has since become part of Prospect Park, Brooklyn. The villa was designed by Alexander Jackson Davis, Americas leading architect of the fashionable Italianate style for railroad, the structure is considered to be Davis greatest Italianate villa, and is currently the Brooklyn borough headquarters of the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Davis also designed a house, greenhouse, and chicken house for the property. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, after years of neglect, an extensive renovation was funded by an anonymous descendent of the Litchfield family. The renovation, under the direction of architect Ralph Carmosino, was completed in 2008, the original stucco was removed from the house, and many of the interior details, including the elaborately painted ceiling murals, were lost. It is located on Prospect Park West at 5th Street