Category:Alexander Jackson Davis buildings
Pages in category "Alexander Jackson Davis buildings"
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Alexander Jackson Davis – Alexander Jackson Davis, or A. J. Davis, was one of the most successful and influential American architects of his generation, known particularly for his association with the Gothic Revival style. Davis was born in New York City to Cornelius Davis, a bookseller and editor of theological works and he spent his early years in New Jersey and attended elementary school in upstate New York. In 1818, Davis went to Alexandria, Virginia, to learn the trade from a half-brother. Living mostly in New York City from 1823 onward, he studied at the American Academy of Fine Arts, the New-York Drawing Association, and from the Antique casts of the National Academy of Design. Davis made a first independent career as an illustrator in the 1820s. Picturesque siting, massing and contrasts remained essential to his work, in 1826, Davis went to work in the office of Ithiel Town and Martin E. From 1829, in partnership with Town, Davis formed the first recognizably modern architectural office and designed many late Classical buildings, in Washington, Davis designed the Executive Department offices and with Robert Mills the first Patent Office building. He also designed the Custom House of New York City, bridgeport City Hall, constructed in 1853 and 1854, is a later government building Davis designed in the Classical style. Rague, who was at work on the Iowa State Capitol at the same time and he continued in partnership with Town until shortly before Towns death in 1844. In 1831, he was elected a member of the National Academy. Unfortunately the Panic of 1837 cut short his plans for a series of like volumes, additions to Vesper Cliff were built in 1834. The 1840s and 1850s were Daviss two most fruitful decades as a designer of country houses and his villa Lyndhurst at Tarrytown, New York, is his single most famous house. The village of Skaneateles, New York, has at least two buildings designed by Davis, innovative interior features, including his designs for mantels and sideboards, were also widely imitated in the trade. Other influential interior details include pocket shutters at windows, bay windows, the Greek Revival style William Walsh House was built at Albany, New York, and Gothic Revival style Belmead was built near Powhatan, Virginia, in 1845. This building, fondly called Station 10, still exists and can be found in Newport, Davis built a similar pavilion for his colleague and fellow NYYC founder, John Clarkson Jay, on Jays Hudson River waterfront property in Rye, New York, in 1849. Although this building was taken down in the 1950s, the setting and garden where it was once located is part of a National Historic Landmark site. In 1851, Davis completed Winyah Park, one of eighteen or more Italianate houses he designed in the 1850s. Winyah was built for Richard Lathers, who had studied architecture with Davis in New York in the 1830s and it was situated on Latherss estate in the town of New Rochelle in Westchester County, New York
2. Federal Hall – It was also where the United States Bill of Rights was introduced in the First Congress. The building was demolished in 1812, Federal Hall National Memorial was built in 1842 as the United States Custom House, on the site of the old Federal Hall on Wall Street, and later served as a sub-Treasury building. It is now operated by the National Park Service as a memorial commemorating the historic events that occurred there. The original structure on the site was built as New Yorks second City Hall in 1699 -1703, on Wall Street, in 1735, John Peter Zenger, an American newspaper publisher, was arrested for committing libel against the British royal governor and was imprisoned and tried there. His acquittal on the grounds that the material he had printed was true established freedom of the press as it was defined in the Bill of Rights. In October 1765, delegates from nine of the 13 colonies met as the Stamp Act Congress in response to the levying of the Stamp Act by the Parliament of Great Britain. After the American Revolution, the City Hall served as the place for the Congress of the Confederation of the United States under the Articles of Confederation. In 1788, the building was remodeled and enlarged under the direction of Pierre Charles LEnfant and this was the first example of Federal Style architecture in the United States. It was renamed Federal Hall when it became the first Capitol of the United States under the Constitution in 1789 and he was inaugurated on the balcony of the building on April 30,1789. Many of the most important legislative actions in the United States occurred with the 1st Congress at Federal Hall, part of the original railing and balcony floor where Washington was inaugurated are on display in the memorial. The current structure, one of the best surviving examples of architecture in New York, was built as the first purpose-built U. S. Custom House for the Port of New York, designed by John Frazee, it was constructed of Tuckahoe marble and took more than a decade to complete. In 1862, Customs moved to 55 Wall Street and the served as one of six United States Sub-Treasury locations. Millions of dollars of gold and silver were kept in the basement vaults until the Federal Reserve Bank replaced the Sub-Treasury system in 1920. In 1882, John Quincy Adams Wards bronze George Washington statue was erected on its front steps, in 1920, a bomb was detonated across the street from Federal Hall at 23 Wall Street, in what became known as the Wall Street bombing. Thirty-eight people were killed and 400 injured, and 23 Wall Street was visibly damaged, a famous photograph of the event shows the destruction and effects of the bombing, but also shows the statue of Washington standing stoically in the face of chaos. The building was designated as Federal Hall Memorial National Historic Site on May 26,1939, as with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the memorial was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15,1966. Federal Hall was designated a landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission on December 21,1965, held just four blocks from the World Trade Center site, the meeting was the first by Congress in New York since 1790
3. Lyndhurst (mansion) – The house was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1966. Designed in 1838 by Alexander Jackson Davis, the house was owned in succession by New York City mayor William Paulding, Jr. merchant George Merritt, in 1961, Goulds daughter Anna Gould donated it to the National Trust for Historic Preservation. It is now open to the public, the house was first named Knoll, although critics quickly dubbed it Pauldings Folly because of its unusual design that includes fanciful turrets and asymmetrical outline. Its limestone exterior was quarried at Sing Sing in present day Ossining, the second owner, Merritt, doubled the houses size in 1864-1865 and renamed it Lyndenhurst for the estates linden trees. His new north wing added an imposing tower, new porte-cochere. Gould purchased the property in 1880 for use as a house, shortened its name to Lyndhurst. Unlike later mansions along the Hudson River, Lyndhursts rooms are few and of a more modest scale, hallways are narrow, windows small and sharply arched, and ceilings are fantastically peaked, vaulted, and ornamented. The effect is at once gloomy, somber, and highly romantic, the house sits within a park, designed in the English naturalistic style by Ferdinand Mangold, whom Merritt hired. He drained the swamps, created lawns, planted specimen trees. The resultant landscape was the first such park along the Hudson River, Lyndhurst was the set for the 1970 movie House of Dark Shadows and the 1971 movie Night of Dark Shadows, both based on the gothic soap opera Dark Shadows. ABCs 1969 holiday telefilm The Halloween That Almost Wasnt, a. k. a, the Night Dracula Saved the World, was shot here. The scenes were used as the backdrop for both Count Dracula and the Witchs castle and it later aired on the Disney Channel during its Halloween season until the late 1990s. Director Sidney Lumet used Lyndhurst as a film location twice for Reversal of Fortune, the History Channels The Men Who Built America filmed at Lyndhurst in the summer of 2012. Winters Tale was filmed at Lyndhurst in January 2013, Lyndhurst was featured on Season 1, Episode 3 of Travel Channels Castle Secrets & Legends series with an original airdate of February 9,2014. Lyndhurst was also used as a location for ABCs Forever in 2014. Official website Historic American Buildings Survey No, nY-5538-A, Lyndhurst, Main House,635 South Broadway, Tarrytown, Westchester County, NY,98 photos,16 measured drawings,5 data pages,6 photo caption pages HABS No. NY-5538-B, Lyndhurst, Greenhouse,38 photos,5 data pages,4 photo caption pages HABS No, nY-5538-C, Lyndhurst, Outbuildings,8 photos,2 color transparencies,3 photo caption pages HABS No. NY-5538-D, Lyndhurst, Stables,5 photos,1 photo caption page HABS No, nY-5538-E, Lyndhurst, Swimming Pool,4 photos,1 photo caption page HABS No
4. Maizefield – Maizefield, often locally known as Maizeland, is a historic home on West Market Street in the village of Red Hook, New York, United States. It is a plain brick building, in the Federal style, with clear English Georgian influences. In 1973 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places and it is not known if house was built prior to his ownership, he sold the property shortly before his death in the 1810s. Aaron Burr hid there for a while shortly after killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel and it has been through several alterations since then, the most visible of which is a large wing on the south side. In the middle of the century, a timber-frame Victorian cottage was built on the southwest corner of the property, later research found that it was designed by Alexander Jackson Davis. A number of prominent local families have lived in both houses since, and they remain private residences. The house is on a 5-acre lot on the side of West Market, on the eastern outskirts of the village. Red Hook Middle School, a large building on a slightly larger parcel, is to the west. On the east are other residences on larger lots. To the south, across West Market, are neighborhoods with smaller houses on smaller lots. North of the property is the track and football field associated with Red Hook High School to the northwest, further west, at the western boundary of the village, is the schools driveway, some of its parking lots and its soccer field. A high brick wall, with two openings near the west corner, runs along the boundary of the property. Two wooden paneled fences, almost the height, delineate the eastern and western bounds. Entry to the lot is via a driveway on the east that connects to the schools entrance road. The driveway goes south of the house, leading to carports on its east and west, tall, mature shade trees and a chain-link fence screen the house on the south and west, with other trees lining the north and east bounds. On the east and south elevations the main stands on a slight. Maintained shrubbery is in front of the first story windows, the main block of the house is faced in brick laid in English bond on all sides but the west, which is done in stone. It is three stories high, five wide by four deep, roughly 55 by 40 feet
5. The Octagon (Roosevelt Island) – The Octagon, built in 1834, is a historic octagonal building and attached apartment block complex located at 888 Main Street on Roosevelt Island in New York City. It originally served as the entrance to the New York City Lunatic Asylum. Designed by Alexander Jackson Davis, the rotunda was made of blue-gray stone that was quarried on the island. The Octagon is the last remnant of the hospital, and after years of decay. After restoration, it has now incorporated into the adjacent buildings to create a large apartment complex. Mistreatment of patients at the asylum was the center of the exposé by Nellie Bly in her 1887 book Ten Days in a Mad-House, the Octagon was made part of the Metropolitan Hospital in 1894. The Octagon, as a Metropolitan Hospital building, closed in 1955, on March 16,1972, despite its condition, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. After many years of decay, as well as two fires that destroyed the building, the Octagon was renovated and turned into a residential building. In April 2006, the renovated Octagon reopened as the entrance to a pair of adjacent apartment buildings with 500 units in total. The new apartment complex utilizes both solar panels and fuel cell installations, a 50 kW array of solar panels and a 400 kW fuel cell enable the building to generate more than 50% of its power. The fuel cell is a heat and power system that converts natural gas to electricity and heat via a combustion-free. This system provides power and heat that meets the majority of the energy demand. Not only does the system more efficient energy usage, the heat from the process is also used for the building’s space heating. Thus the Octagon is projected to reduce its emissions by 790 metric tons annually. In 2006, a newly constructed building was built on the site. It received LEED Silver status from the U. S. Green Building Council in 2008, list of octagonal buildings and structures Official website NYC Landmark description and history Forgotten NY on Roosevelt Island including the Octagon
6. Wadsworth Atheneum – The Wadsworth Atheneum is an art museum located in Hartford, Connecticut. Founded in 1842 and opened in 1844, it is the oldest continually operating art museum in the United States. The museum is located at 600 Main Street in a distinctive building in downtown Hartford, Connecticut. With 75,000 square feet of space, the museum is the largest art museum in the state of Connecticut. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970, the museum is a member of the North American Reciprocal Museums program. The Wadsworth, as it is most commonly known, was constructed on the site of the home of Daniel Wadsworth in the heart of downtown Hartford. Its architects were Alexander Jackson Davis and Ithiel Town, who designed the castle that is the Atheneums oldest building, construction began in 1842 after the museum was incorporated on June 1 of that year. The museum opened on July 31,1844 and has operated continuously since then, the Wadsworth family, being one of the oldest and most affluent in the city, contributed numerous valuable pieces of art to be displayed at the time the museum opened. The first collection consisted of 78 paintings, two busts, one portrait miniature, and one bronze sculpture. Building on the Wadsworth familys largess, generations of more recent donors have added to the museums collections, foremost among them are Elizabeth Jarvis Colt, widow of firearms magnate Samuel Colt, and financier and Hartford native John Pierpont Morgan. In 1927, the received a million-dollar bequest from banker Frank Sumner. The design required demolishing the Goodwin Building, put up in 1969, however, the proposal was scrapped in 2003 due to fundraising difficulties and changes in the museums leadership. A later plan to expand into the former Hartford Times building was abandoned due to cost concerns. The $33 million renovation, designed by the Hartford-based architecture firm Smith Edwards McCoy, was completed in 2015, the collections span more than 5,000 years of world history. Just outside the castle is a statue of Nathan Hale, dated 1899, a short distance away, within the Connecticut State Capitol is another, better-known sculpture of Hale by Bela Pratt, a copy of his original at Yale University. The Atheneum also owns the A. Everett Austin House, a National Historic Landmark, the house, located in Hartfords historic West End, is open to the public as a museum. Since its beginning, the Wadsworth has had a tradition of firsts. In 1933, the Wadsworth sponsored George Balanchines immigration to the United States from the Soviet Union, shortly after his immigration, Balanchine founded the School of American Ballet, which led to the formation of the New York City Ballet
7. Barracks, Virginia Military Institute – The Old Barracks is a historic building on the campus of the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia. Built in 1848 and repeatedly enlarged and redesigned by a succession of architects, the building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1965 for its architecture and its association with nations oldest state-supported military academy. The campus of the Virginia Military Institute is located on the side of the city of Lexington. At its center is a parade ground, around which a significant number of the institutes buildings are arrayed. The Old Barracks are located along the edge of the ground. There are three sections, each of which presents a bank of windows, with a central entry. The projecting sections have polygonal towers with crenellated tops at the corners, with similar lower towers at the end of the structure. The tower at the end of the structure is square with angled corners. VMI was founded in 1839, and is the first and best-known of the nations state-funded military academies, most of the institutes early buildings were demolished during the American Civil War, with only a portion of the barracks building surviving. This portion was designed by architect Alexander Jackson Davis and built in 1848, in the 1890s the building was redesigned by Isaac Eugene Alexander Rose, and in 1916 it was enlarged to design work by Benjamin Grosvenor Goodhue, which created the first complete quadrangle. In 1948 the building was extended by the addition of a new wing, designed by Carneal
8. Bridgeport City Hall – The old Bridgeport City Hall is located in Bridgeport, Connecticut. The building was built in 1854 as both the City Hall and the Fairfield County Courthouse and was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 19,1977, the old city hall was renamed McLevy Hall after Bridgeport mayor, Jasper McLevy in 1966. Locating the Fairfield County Courthouse in Bridgeport was the result of much debate, bridgeports offer to pay for the building of a courthouse and jail decided the matter. Bridgeport City Hall was constructed in 1853-54 between State and Bank Streets and cost $75,000, alexander Jackson Davis designed it in the Greek Revival style to resemble a temple. The building, opened in 1855, had a ground floor for use as City Hall. In 1886, when Bridgeport City Hall proved insufficient for both the needs of city and county, the Fairfield County Courthouse was built nearby. On Saturday, March 10,1860, Abraham Lincoln spoke in Washington Hall at Bridgeport City Hall, not only was the largest room in the city packed, but a crowd formed outside as well. Lincoln received a standing ovation before taking the 9,07 p. m. train that night back to Manhattan, a plaque marks the site where Lincoln spoke. History of Bridgeport, Connecticut National Register of Historic Places listings in Bridgeport, Connecticut
9. Litchfield Villa – Litchfield Villa is an Italianate mansion built in 1854 -1857 on a large private estate that has since become part of Prospect Park, Brooklyn. The villa was designed by Alexander Jackson Davis, Americas leading architect of the fashionable Italianate style for railroad, the structure is considered to be Davis greatest Italianate villa, and is currently the Brooklyn borough headquarters of the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Davis also designed a house, greenhouse, and chicken house for the property. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, after years of neglect, an extensive renovation was funded by an anonymous descendent of the Litchfield family. The renovation, under the direction of architect Ralph Carmosino, was completed in 2008, the original stucco was removed from the house, and many of the interior details, including the elaborately painted ceiling murals, were lost. It is located on Prospect Park West at 5th Street
10. Church of the Nativity (Manhattan) – It was established in 1842 and was formerly staffed by the Jesuit Fathers. In November 2014, the announced that the Church of the Nativity was one of 31 of its parishes which would be merged with other parishes. Nativity Parish was merged into Most Holy Redeemer Parish at 173 East 3rd Street and it consisted of a Greek Doric portico and two-stage steeple. In 1842, it was sold to the newly formed Nativity of Our Lord parish, the present Modernist church was built from 1968 to 1970 for $240,000 to the designs of Genovese & Maddalene. It has been described as institutional and a modern architectural cartoon exhibiting a gross idea with no detail. The parish included within its territory the headquarters of the Catholic Worker Movement and was the site of the Funeral Mass of its co-founder, Dorothy Day, notes Media related to Church of the Nativity at Wikimedia Commons
11. Wildcliff – Wildcliff, also referred to as the Cyrus Lawton House, is a historic residence overlooking Long Island Sound in New Rochelle in Westchester County, New York. This 20-room cottage-villa, built in about 1852, was designed by prominent architect Alexander Jackson Davis in the revival style. The home was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 31,2002, designed in 1852 by Alexander Jackson Davis, one of the preeminent American architects of the nineteenth century, the house was sited to take full advantage of the dramatic views of the water. Davis’ original plan envisioned the family sitting on the front porch. The beauty of the house and its site were accented by the progression of the entry drive, the visitor originally entered the property from the north along a private road. The curving drive ascended toward the house, proceeding toward Echo Bay, the family who first commissioned the design was one Cyrus Lawton, a close friend of Mr. Davis. Mrs. Lawton was a member of the prominent Davenport family, for whom the area is named. Wildcliff was erected in the early 1850s, during a period when New Rochelle was beginning its transformation from a farming community into a residential suburb. Improvements in transportation permitted affluent families to homes in New Rochelle. The land along the north shore of Long Island Sound was especially sought after. His smaller homes were called cottages, and the more substantial ones villas, among their typical features were prominent, steep-roofed gables, with elaborately carved bargeboards under their eaves. Wildcliff is one of two built by Davis on New Rochelles waterfront peninsula Davenport Neck, the other being Sans Souci. After Cyrus Lawtons death in 1902, the property was inherited by his son Newberry Lawton Davenport and it was later purchased by Julius and Clara Prince who moved into the home in 1914. Clara Prince donated Wildcliff to the City of New Rochelle in 1940 with the hopes that it would be used as a science museum. Clara Princes obituary, Mrs. Julius Prince, the New York Times, September 14,1941, pg. It has since used for a variety of purposes including a youth museum. Around 1970 a wing housing a theater was added at one corner of the house, Wildcliff is a 2½-story house faced primarily in rubblestone of various colors. These stones give the design a natural quality, as if the building were rising out of the landscape
12. Winyah Park – The residence designed for Lathers was the landmark brick and marble Italian villa Winyah, named for Lathers former estate in Winyah Parish, South Carolina. Winyah was one of eighteen or more Italianate houses designed by Davis in the 1850s. It was for this design that Davis received top honors at the Worlds Fair held in New York. Davis used Winyahs most striking feature, two adjacent but contrasting towers, in a larger house named Grace Hill, built in Brooklyn between 1854 and 1857. In both Winyah and Grace Hill, broad octagonal towers function as anchors for the taller square towers that incorporate entrance porches at ground level. Winyah had, in addition, a platform with urns at two of its corners and a truncated column at a third. Winyah was one of the best known landmarks of the vicinity of New Rochelle up until May 5,1897, the mansion was purchased from Col. Richard Lathers by Col. C. H. Green, President of Columbia Construction and Navigation Company. He occupied it with his wife and four-year-old nephew, and three servants including a waitress, laundress and cook, in the early morning hours the waitress awoke to the smell of smoke alerting the other occupants to flee the house. The cook ran into New Rochelle village to secure assistance, the Fire Department, with two engines, a horse cart, and a truck, responded, though the mansion was about one and a half miles from the center of town. When they arrived, however, their attempt to get water from a hydrant was unavailable due to pebbles stuck within it, nearly 100 men came with fire apparatus, but without water they could do nothing to stop the flames. Green offered a reward if anyone could save two pictures from the gallery within the home however nothing could be saved and within two hours the entire structure was in ruins. The sixty-nine-foot tower in the front of the home collapsed into the center of the burning building, colonel Green estimated his loss at $100,000. The home and the furniture were insured for approximately $35,000, mrs. Green lost her diamonds and jewellery valued at $10,000. Colonel Green had a large and valuable library as well as paintings by Corot, Schreyer. One painting which was taken from his mothers home while it was burning, was prized by Col. Green who valued it at $5,000. The mansion which contained thirty-five rooms, originally cost $63,000, in the late 1850s, Lathers decided to build a number of investment houses on a portion of his property which was later named Lathers Woods. Once again he retained his friend Davis the architect for this project included a total of four homes. The homes were planned for spaciousness and dignity of interior effect considering their not extravagant dimensions