1958 in music
This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1958. February -45,000 people in one week watch performances of music by Japanese singers at the first Nichigeki Western Carnival. February 14 – The Iranian government bans rock & roll, claiming that this form of music is against the concepts of Islam and is a health hazard, Iranian doctors warn of the risk of injuries to the hips from the extreme gyrations of rock & roll dances. March 12 Billie Holiday is given a years probation by a Philadelphia court following her arrest, in Hilversum, Dors, mon amour sung by André Claveau wins the third annual Eurovision Song Contest for France. March 24 – Elvis Presley enters the U. S. Army, april 10 - Cleo Laine marries John Dankworth. September 24 – Italian singers Natalino Otto and Flo Sandons scout the young, marvin Gaye begins recording with his first group. Otis Williams & the Distants begin their musical career and they will join with The Primes and become The Temptations. Phil Spector begins his recording career, dalida receives the Music Hall Bravos along with Yves Montand.
RCA introduces its first stereo LPs, the major record labels begin to cease production of 78 rpm records. Kenny Rogers signs his first recording contract with a record label. Fred Foster opens Monument Records in Hendersonville, ernesto Bonino leaves the USA and returns to Italy. Bob Bogle and Don Wilson founds the surf instrumental group The Ventures, the Country Music Association is founded as the first trade association dedicated to a single music genre. – Pat Boone The following songs achieved the highest chart positions in the charts of 1958, All I Have To Do Is Dream – The Everly Brothers Are You Sincere. – Connie Francis Witch Doctor – Dave Seville Yakety Yak – The Coasters You Always Hurt the One You Love – Connie Francis 16 Candles w. m. Luther Dixon & Allyson R. Khent All I Have to Do is Dream w. m. Felice and Boudleaux Bryant Am I That Easy to Forget w. m, carl Belew, W. S. Stevenson & Shelby Singleton Any Way The Wind Blows w. m. William Dunham, Joseph Hooven & Marilyn Hooven Are You Really Mine, Al Hoffman, Dick Manning & Mark Markwell A Big Hunk O Love w. m.
Aaron Schroeder & Sid Wyche Bird Dog w. m, felice and Boudleaux Bryant Broken Hearted Melody w. Hal David m. Sherman Edwards A Certain Smile w. Paul Francis Webster m. Jiles Perry Richardson Cmon Everybody w. m, Eddie Cochran & Jerry Capeheart Devoted to You w. m
The 1840s was a really active and extremely turbulent decade that ran from January 1,1840, to December 31,1849. Throughout the decade, many countries worldwide saw many revolts as well as uprisings, asides from uprisings, the United States began to see a shifting population that migrated to the West Coast, as the California Gold Rush ensued in the latter half of the decade. In 1842, Tahiti and Tahuata were declared a French protectorate, the capital of Papeetē was founded in 1843. In 1845, George Tupou I united Tonga into a kingdom, on August 29,1842, the first of two Opium Wars ended between China and Britain with the Treaty of Nanking. One of the consequences was the cession of modern-day Hong Kong Island to the British, Hong Kong would eventually be returned to China in 1997. Other events, July 3,1844 – The United States signs the Treaty of Wanghia with the Chinese Government, the 1840s comprised the end of the Tenpō era, the entirety of the Kōka era, and the beginning of the Kaei era. The decade saw the end of the reign of Emperor Ninko in 1846, emperors Minh Mạng, Thiệu Trị and Tự Đức ruled Vietnam during the 1840s under the Nguyễn dynasty.
1848 – British and German governments lay claim to New Guinea, First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi on February 6,1840, at Waitangi, Northland New Zealand. The treaty between the British Crown and Māori made New Zealand colony and is considered the point of modern New Zealand. July 20,1845 – Charles Sturt enters the Simpson Desert in central Australia, may 25,1846 – The Royal Geographical Society awards Paweł Edmund Strzelecki a Gold Medal for exploration in the south eastern portion of Australia. The British attempted to impose a puppet regime on Afghanistan under Shuja Shah, by 1842, mobs were attacking the British on the streets of Kabul and the British garrison was forced to abandon the city due to constant civilian attacks. During the retreat from Kabul, the British army of approximately 4,500 troops and 12,000 camp followers was subjected to a series of attacks by Afghan warriors. All of the British soldiers were killed except for one and he, after the Battle of Kabul, Britain placed Dost Mohammad Khan back into power and withdrew from Afghanistan.
March 24,1843 – Battle of Hyderabad, The Bombay Army led by Major General Sir Charles Napier defeats the Talpur Emirs, the Sikh Empire was founded in 1799, ruled by Ranjit Singh. When Singh died in 1839, the Sikh Empire began to fall into disorder, there was a succession of short-lived rulers at the central Durbar, and increasing tension between the Khalsa and the Durbar. In May 1841, the Dogra dynasty invaded western Tibet, marking the beginning of the Sino-Sikh war and this war ended in a stalemate in September 1842, with the Treaty of Chushul. The British East India Company began to build up its strength on the borders of the Punjab. Eventually, the increasing tension goaded the Khalsa to invade British territory, under weak, the hard-fought First Anglo-Sikh War ended in defeat for the Khalsa
1897 in music
January 13 – At a memorial concert in Paris for composer Emmanuel Chabrier, the first act of his uncompleted work, Briséïs, is performed for the first time. It would be years before Rachmaninoff would compose a piece of music again. September 8-October 8 - Gustav Mahler becomes director of the Vienna Court Opera, the Cakewalk matures into Ragtime music. John Philip Sousas band makes phonograph recordings of Cakewalks and early Ragtime, andré Messager becomes musical director of the Opéra-Comique. Ralph Vaughan Williams studies with Max Bruch in Berlin, Teatro Nuovo in Bergamo changes its name to Teatro Donizetti. Composer Alexander Scriabin marries pianist Vera Ivanovna, Ben Harney – Ben Harneys Rag Time Instructor Asleep In The Deep w. Arthur J. Lamb m. Henry W. Petrie At A Georgia Camp Meeting w. m. Victor Herbert Beautiful Isle of Somewhere w. Mrs Jessie Brown Pounds m, john S. Fearis Break The News To Mother w. m. Charles K. Harris Danny Deever w. Rudyard Kipling m. Walter Damrosch Harlem Rag m, tom Turpin Let em All Come w. m. T. W.
Connor Louisiana Rag m. Theodore H. Northrup On The Banks Of The Wabash Far Away w. m, Paul Dresser Our Lodgers Such A Nice Young Man w. m. Fred Murray & Laurence Barclay Roustabout Rag m. Paul Sarebresole The Shuffling Coon by J. R. Todd Song Of India m, nikolai Rimsky Korsakov The Stars and Stripes Forever m. John Philip Sousa Syncopated Sandy by Wayburn & Whiting Take Back Your Gold w. m. Monroe H. Rosenfeld Theres A Little Star Shining For You w. m
U.S. Route 166
U. S. Route 166 is a 164-mile west–east United States highway. This route and US-266 are the two remaining spurs of historic U. S. Route 66, since US-666 was renumbered to US-491 in 2003. US-166 meets the old route of US-66, now designated US-69 Alternate, US166 is a west–east highway that meanders about 164 miles along the Kansas–Oklahoma state line. The highways western terminus is in South Haven, Kansas at an intersection with US-81, about 4 miles east from its intersection with US-81, the highway intersects with the Kansas Turnpike at exit 4. Continuing east about 60 miles, US-166 crosses the Arkansas River into Arkansas City, traveling 50 miles east of Arkansas City, US-166 turns northeast, arcing above Cowley County Lake Dam and Cedar Vale. However, a loop connects the main US-166 route with Sedan. Continuing east from Sedan, about 34 miles to Coffeyville, US-166 skims through Peru, the two routes turn south for a 3-mile concurrency. US-166 splits off just north of Caney turning east again through Tyro to Coffeyville, US-166 has a brief concurrency with US-169 in the Coffeyville area.
Eastward about 50 miles from Coffeyville to Baxter Springs, US-166 crosses the Verdigris River, bypassing Edna, US-166 passes through Chetopa, where US-166 and US-59 travel concurrent. Leaving Chetopa, US-166 crosses over the Neosho River and crosses US-69 Alternate,6 miles before Baxter Springs, heading east from Baxter Springs, US-166 crosses the Spring River. Approximately 2 miles later, US-166 intersects with US-400, uS-166/US-400 turn sharply southeast for 6 miles to cross the Missouri state line. US 166s eastern terminus is its intersection with I-44,0.6 miles from the line and about 1,000 feet from the point where Kansas, Missouri. US166 is an original 1926 route and originally ran from South Haven to Baxter Springs, in 1945, it was extended east through Joplin, where it paralleled US66 to Springfield. In 1966, following the completion of the last section of I-44 in Missouri, roads portal Media related to U. S. Route 166 at Wikimedia Commons Endpoints of US highway 166
1970 Formula One season
The 1970 Formula One season was the 24th season of the FIAs Formula One motor racing. It featured the 21st World Championship of Drivers and the 13th International Cup for F1 Manufacturers, thirteen races were held between 7 March 1970 and 25 October 1970, with the Championship won by Jochen Rindt and the constructors title by Lotus. Rindt died four races before the end of the season, but had earned enough World Championship points such that no other driver managed to surpass his total by the end of the season. It is the season to date in which the World Championship title has been awarded posthumously. Jacky Ickx driving for Ferrari finished the season strongly, but a 4th-place finish in the penultimate round ensured that Rindts title lead would stand, in the end, all of Rindts points came from his five wins. The following teams and drivers competed in the 1970 World Championship, for the 1970 Formula One season, following an agreement with Simca, Tyrrell were asked by Matra to use their V12 rather than the Cosworth.
Stewart tested the Matra V12 and found it inferior to the DFV, the new wedge-shaped Lotus 72 had very innovative car design, featuring torsion bar suspension, hip-mounted radiators, inboard front brakes and an overhanging rear wing. The 72 originally had suspension problems, but when dive and squat were designed out of the suspension the car showed its superiority. Lotus new leader, the Austrian Jochen Rindt, dominated the championship until he was killed at Monza when he crashed into some poorly installed crash barriers right before the Parabolica corner and he took the 1970 title posthumously for Lotus. Jacky Ickx won the Austrian and Mexican Grands Prix to come second in the Drivers Championship, had he won the United States Grand Prix instead of Brazilian newcomer Emerson Fittipaldi, Ickx would have been crowned champion. The 1970 season was one of the most tragic in Formula One history,1970 saw the introduction of slick tyres by Goodyear. After a Formula One career that began at the 1955 British Grand Prix, the first round was the South Africa Grand Prix held at the Kyalami circuit between Johannesburg and Pretoria.
Jack Brabham won the race in a Brabham BT33, the Spanish Grand Prix took place on the Jarama circuit. The defending champion Jackie Stewart won in a March 701, the Monaco Grand Prix ended in a close finish. At the last corner of the last lap, Jack Brabham skidded off the track, allowing Austrian Jochen Rindt in a Lotus 49 to pass and win the race. Formula One had recently lost one of its top drivers, Bruce McLaren had been killed testing a Can-Am car at the Goodwood circuit in southern England, a chicane had been inserted at the incredibly fast Malmedy corner to reduce speeds onto the Masta straight. Stewart took pole, followed by New Zealander Chris Amon and Rindt, Rindt took the lead going into Eau Rouge, and once the cars came back around towards La Source, Amon was leading. Then, Stewart took the lead, but retired his March-Ford/Cosworth with engine problems.1 seconds, Frenchman Jean-Pierre Beltoise took the final podium spot, followed by home favorite Jacky Ickx in a Ferrari
2004 enlargement of the European Union
It occurred on 1 May 2004. Seven of these were part of the former Eastern Bloc, one of the former Yugoslavia, and the remaining two were Mediterranean islands and former British colonies. Part of the wave of enlargement was the accession of Bulgaria and Romania in 2007, who were unable to join in 2004. With the end of the Second World War in 1945, Europe found itself divided between a capitalist Western Bloc and a communist Eastern Bloc, as well as Third World neutral countries. The European Economic Community was created in 1957 between six countries within the Western Bloc and expanded to countries across Europe. European communist countries had a looser economic grouping with the USSR known as Comecon, to the south there was a non-aligned communist federated country - Yugoslavia. In 1989, the Cold War between the two superpowers was coming to an end, with the USSRs influence over communist Europe collapsing. As the communist states began their transition to free market democracies, aligning to Euro-Atlantic integration, the Phare strategy was launched soon after to adapt more the structure of the Central and Eastern European countries to the European Economic Community.
One of the tools of this strategy was the Regional Quality Assurance Program which started in 1993 to help the PECO States implement the New Approach in their economy. The Acquis Communautaire contained 3,000 directives and some 100,000 pages in the Official Journal of the European Union to be transposed. It demanded a lot of work and immense economic change. The Treaty of Accession 2003 was signed on 16 April 2003, at the Stoa of Attalus in Athens, the text amended the main EU treaties, including the Qualified Majority Voting of the Council of the European Union. The treaty was ratified on time and entered force on 1 May 2004 amid ceremonies around Europe. European leaders met in Dublin for fireworks and a ceremony at Áras an Uachtaráin. At the same time, citizens across Ireland enjoyed a nationwide celebration styled as the Day of Welcomes,1 EU Association Agreement type, Europe Agreement for the states of the Fifth Enlargement. As of May 2011, there are no longer any restrictions on the free movement of citizens of these new member states.
With their original accession to the EU, free movement of people between all 25 states would naturally have applied, due to concerns of mass migration from the new members to the old EU-15, some transitional restrictions were put in place. Mobility within the EU-15 and within the new states functioned as normal, No restrictions were placed on Cyprus or Malta
1908 in the United States
Events from the year 1908 in the United States. President, Theodore Roosevelt Vice President, Charles W. Gustav Mahler makes US conducting debut at the Metropolitan Opera, Georgia introduces a law prohibiting alcohol. January 13 – A fire at the Rhoads Opera House in Boyertown, the tragedy is a catalyst for stricter fire safety laws nationwide. January 15 – The Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority is established, january 21 – New York City passes the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, only for it to be vetoed by the mayor. February 12 The first around-the-world car race, begins in New York City, division of Militia Affairs with the War Department. February 18 – Japanese immigration to the U. S. A. is restricted under the Gentlemens Agreement of 1907, february 25 – The Bible Institute of Los Angeles is founded. February 27 – A 46th star is added to the United States flag representing the state of Oklahoma, march 4 – The Collinwood School Fire, near Cleveland, Ohio, U. S. A. kills 174.
March 26 – The US Thomas Flyer car sails for Alaska at the head of a race from New York to Paris. April 8 – Harvard University votes to establish the Harvard Business School, April 19 – The Garfield Park Conservatory in Chicago, designed by Jens Jensen, opens to the public for the first time. April 24 – The seventh deadliest tornado in U. S. history strikes the towns of Amite, Pine and Purvis, killing 143 and injuring 770. May 10 – Mothers Day is observed for the first time, at Andrews Methodist Church in Grafton, June 20 – The Georgia Tech Alumni Association is chartered in Atlanta, Georgia. July 22 – The automobile manufacturing company Fisher Body is founded, july 26 – Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner. August 14 – Springfield Race Riot of 1908 in Springfield, august 31 – A charter is granted for Wayland Literary and Technical Institute in Plainview, Texas. September 16 – William C. Durant founds the company which eventually becomes General Motors, september 17 – At Ft.
Myer, Virginia, U. S. A. Thomas Selfridge becomes the first person to die in an airplane crash, the pilot, Orville Wright, is severely injured in the crash but recovers. September 27 – Henry Ford produces his first Model T automobile, october 1 – The launch price for the Ford Model T is set as $850. October 13 – The Church of the Nazarene is organized officially at Pilot Point and this is the official birthday of the denomination. October 14 – The Chicago Cubs win the 1908 World Series defeating the Detroit Tigers in Game 5 and they would not win again until November 2016, which stands as the longest championship drought in sports history
20th-century classical music
This era was without a dominant style and composers have created highly diverse kinds of music. Modernism, post-romanticism, expressionism, later, serialism, musique concrète and electronic music were all developed during this period. Jazz was an important influence on composers in this period. At the turn of the century, music was characteristically late Romantic in style, composers such as Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss and Jean Sibelius were pushing the bounds of Post-Romantic Symphonic writing. At the same time, the Impressionist movement, spearheaded by Claude Debussy, was being developed in France, maurice Ravels music, often labelled as impressionist, explores music in many styles not always related to it. Many composers reacted to the Post-Romantic and Impressionist styles and moved in different directions. From this sprang an unprecedented linguistic plurality of styles, techniques, in Vienna, Arnold Schoenberg developed atonality, out of the expressionism that arose in the early part of the 20th century.
He developed the technique which was developed further by his disciples Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Stravinsky explored twelve-tone technique, too, as did many other composers, even Scott Bradley used the technique in his scores for the Tom, after the First World War, many composers started returning to the past for inspiration and wrote works that draw elements from it. This type of music thus became labelled neoclassicism, igor Stravinsky, Sergei Prokofiev and Paul Hindemith all produced neoclassical works. Italian composers such as Francesco Balilla Pratella and Luigi Russolo developed musical Futurism and this style often tried to recreate everyday sounds and place them in a Futurist context. The Machine Music of George Antheil and Alexander Mosolov developed out of this, in the 1940s and 50s composers, notably Pierre Schaeffer, started to explore the application of technology to music in musique concrète. The term electroacoustic music was coined to include all forms of music involving magnetic tape, synthesizers, multimedia.
Live electronic music uses live electronic sounds within a performance, Cages Cartridge Music being an early example, spectral music is a further development of electroacoustic music that uses analyses of sound spectra to create music. Cage, Boulez, Milton Babbitt, Luigi Nono, from the early 1950s onwards, Cage introduced elements of chance into his music. Process music explores a particular process which is laid bare in the work. The term experimental music was coined by Cage to describe works that produce unpredictable results, important cultural trends often informed music of this period, modernist, postmodernist or otherwise. Igor Stravinsky and Sergei Prokofiev were particularly drawn to primitivism in their careers, as explored in works such as The Rite of Spring