9th Airlift Squadron
The 9th Airlift Squadron is a unit of the United States Air Force based at Dover Air Force Base and flying the C-5M Super Galaxy. The 9th Airlift Squadron provides global reach with unique outsized and oversized airlift capability, the Proud Pelicans provide worldwide airlift to meet Department of Defense, Department of State and Presidential mobility requirements. The unit supports global engagement through direct delivery of time-critical theater deployment assets, the 9th conducted replacement training through 1943, and subsequently aerial transportation in the Pacific Theater during World War II. It has provided worldwide airlift since 1953, the 9th resupplied scientific camps in Antarctica from 1959–1961, and 1965–1968. It flew missions to Southeast Asia from 1965–1968, and 1972–1973, the squadron supported operations in Grenada,24 October 1983 –11 December 1983, Panama,19 December 1989 –14 January 1990, and Southwest Asia, August 1990–July 1991
17 cm SK L/40 i.R.L. auf Eisenbahnwagen
Auf Eisenbahnwagen Samuel was a German railroad gun used in World War I. It was first adapted for use by mounting it on an improvised carriage as the 17 cm SK L/40 i. R. L. But it proved to be heavy, often too heavy to be moved by horse. The solution was to mount the guns, still on their carriages, the guns firing platform was used as a model for the mount on the rail car. A metal ring was fixed to the surface of the car on which the wheels rested, at the center of this ring was a large pivot pin from which tension rods extended to the carriages trail which rested against a circular section of rail. The gun was traversed by means of a gear that engaged pins on the outside of the rail, the trail rested on two spring-supported rollers, which would compress during firing and allow the shock of recoil to be transmitted to the floor of the car. To prevent damage to the trucks during firing cast-steel wedges were placed on the railroad ties under matching wedges on the car, some sources quote its maximum elevation as 47.
5°, but Miller says that the sight on the gun itself was only calibrated to 45°. If more traverse was needed the original firing platform was carried on a separate car. The shells for this gun were loaded by two men using a tray and it had eyes which engaged hooks on the breech of the gun and the shell and powder was manually rammed. It used the German naval system of ammunition, where the charge was held in a metallic cartridge case. Thirty saw service on the Western Front beginning in 1917 and they were organized into fifteen batteries, manned by the Army, each with two guns. Batteries 423,462,478,521,536,551,642, eight participated in the 1918 Spring Offensive. Six guns were captured in Belgium and two others were captured by the French Army in October 1918, another fourteen were found after the Armistice. Fourteen of these were destroyed in 1922 by the Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control, eisenbahnartillerie, Histoire de lartillerie lourd sur voie ferrée allemande des origines à1945.
Paris, Editions Histoire et Fortifications,2006 Jäger, German Artillery of World War One. Ramsbury, Wiltshire, Crowood Press,2001 ISBN 1-86126-403-8 Kosar, Franz
12th Parliament of Sri Lanka
The 12th Parliament of Sri Lanka was a meeting of the Parliament of Sri Lanka, with the membership determined by the results of the 2001 parliamentary election held on 5 December 2001. The parliament met for the first time on 19 December 2001 and was dissolved prematurely on 7 February 2004, the 12th parliamentary election was held on 5 December 2001. The United National Front, a newly formed alliance, became the largest group in Parliament by winning 109 of the 225 seats. The incumbent Peoples Alliance won 77 seats, the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna won 16 seats and the Tamil National Alliance, a new alliance of Tamil parties, won 15 seats. Smaller parties won the remaining 8 seats, the new parliament was sworn in on 19 December 2001. M. Joseph Michael Perera was elected Speaker unopposed, the post of Deputy Speaker was left vacant after the PA refused to nominate anyone. Siri Andrahennady was elected Deputy Chairman of Committees unopposed, the UNF was able to form a government with the support of the five SLMC MPs elected under their partys name.
On 9 December 2001, President Chandrika Kumaratunga appointed Ranil Wickremasinghe, the rest of the government, comprising 24 Ministers,28 Project Ministers and 8 Deputy Ministers, were sworn in on 12 December 2001. The 12th parliament saw the significant period of co-habitation in Sri Lanka since the executive presidency was introduced in 1978. There were numerous disputes between President Kumaratunga and Prime Minister Wickremasinghe, particularly over the handling of the process with the rebel Tamil Tigers. A few days on 7 February 2004 the president dissolved parliament, nearly four years ahead of schedule, the 12th parliament saw the following deaths and resignations,5 June 2002, Murugesu Sivasithamparam died. Archived from the original on 26 August 2010
3rd Marine Regiment (United States)
The 3rd Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Hawaii. They fall under the 3rd Marine Division and the III Marine Expeditionary Force, the regiment comprises three infantry battalions, and one headquarters company. The 3d Marine Regiment was originally formed as part of the 1st Provisional Brigade, a 3d Regiment was formed on 14 March 1911 by consolidating Marine detachments from the various ships of the U. S. Atlantic Fleet at anchor within Guantanamo Bay, the regimental commander was Lieutenant Colonel Ben H. Fuller, who became the 15th Commandant of the Marine Corps. Until 17 June 1911, the 3d Regiment was stationed at Camp Meyer, Deer Point, another provisional regiment, tentatively designated as the 3d, was formed on 21 April 1914 from Marine detachments of the ships that had converged on Vera Cruz. It was commanded by Major Albertus W. Catlin of USS Arkansas, assigned to support the activities of the 2d Marine Regiment already ashore, the 3d landed the same day it was formed.
During the same period, another 3d Regiment was assembled at the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 22 April 1914 and it departed for Vera Cruz on board SS Morro Castle the next day. Major Catlins 3d Regiment was disbanded the same date, with its personnel returning to their respective ships, during its stay in Mexico, Colonel Moses command performed outpost and patrol duty and, at the same time, improved sanitary and living conditions within its sector. Colonel Moses died of pneumonia on 26 September, six days after being evacuated to the hospital ship and he was succeeded by Major John H. Russell, Jr. who became the 16th Commandant of the Marine Corps. The 3d Regiment left Vera Cruz on 23 November, arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 4 December, the regiment was reactivated on December 20,1916 from assets of the 1st Marine Regiment in the Dominican Republic. They were attached to the 2nd Brigade and deactivated on August 1,1922, the 3rd Marine Regiment was reactivated on June 16,1942, at New River, North Carolina, as part of the World War II military expansion.
They deployed to American Samoa on September 14,1942 and were attached to the 2nd Marine Brigade, the regiment redeployed to New Zealand on May 23,1943 and were reassigned to the 3rd Marine Division at that time. The regiment fought at Bougainville and Guam, four Medals of Honor were awarded to members of 3rd Marines for actions during this period. Members of the unit took part in the Agana race riot while stationed on Guam. During the Battle of Iwo Jima the 3rd Marines were keep in Reserve and were not sent ashore, 3rd Marines was one of the first Marine units into South Vietnam when it provided security for the Da Nang Air Base in early 1965. Ultimately, 3d Marines participated in 48 major operations in the Republic of Vietnam, following the retrograde of forces from Vietnam, the regiment was initially relocated to Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton and assigned to the 5th Marine Amphibious Brigade. During April 1971, the regiment became part of the 1st Marine Division, two months later, the regiment was moved to Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, to assume the role of the ground combat component of the 1st Marine Brigade.
3rd Marines was one of the first combat forces to deploy to Saudi Arabia in response to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2,1990 and they countered the Iraqi supporting attacks by conducting artillery raids into Kuwait as the first ground offensive actions of the war
10th Aviation Regiment (United States)
The 10th Aviation Regiment is an aviation regiment of the U. S. Army. The regiment was constituted 21 August 1965, in the regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, the Battalion was activated 23 August 1965 at Fort Benning, GA and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 10th Aviation Battalion on 1 December 1968. 10th Aviation was an important contributor to the United States Army’s efforts in Vietnam, the unit provided critical Aviation support in the first Tet counter-offensive and distinguished itself by successfully fulfilling this vital role. 10th Aviation regularly repeated this standard for success in the years and was recognized for valorous acts at Dak To. By the end of the Vietnam War, the unit had received two unit commendations and five awards for gallantry from the Republic of South Vietnam. 10th Aviation was inactivated 30 December 1980 at Fort Lewis, WA, after the war ended, the battalion was inactivated on 30 December 1980 at Fort Lewis, Washington.
On 17 April 1986 they were assigned to the 1st Armored Division and they were relieved from assignment to the 1st Armored Division and inactivated on 16 November 1987 in Germany. On 5 January 1996 they were consolidated with the 10th Aviation Company, today the regiment comprises four battalions. It is tasked as an Attack Helicopter Battalion composed of Boeing AH-64D Apache helicopters and its most recent iteration has deployed multiple times in support of the Global War on Terrorism. The united was originally constituted 17 April 1986 in the Regular Army as Company A, 10th Aviation Battalion, an element of the 1st Armored Division and it was inactivated 16 November 1987 in Germany and relieved from assignment to the 1st Armored Division. The Headquarters was withdrawn 5 January 1996 from the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command and inactivated at Fort Rucker and it was assigned 16 March 1996 to the 10th Mountain Division and activated at Fort Drum, New York. The Battalion was relieved 19 September 2005 from its assignment to the 10th Mountain Division and assigned to the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade, following its reactivation, the battalion deployed to Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom under the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade in October 2008.
After redeploying back to the U. S. the unit was reassigned to the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade and transferred back to Fort Drum in October 2009. After transferring back to Fort Drum, the battalion, along with the rest of the 10th CAB, was restructured into a force for an upcoming deployment to Afghanistan in 2010. It is tasked with support as part of the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade. The unit has deployed three times in support of the ongoing Global War on Terrorism, on 19 September 2005, the unit was relieved of its assignment to the 10th Mountain Division, and was reassigned to the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade, 10th Mountain Division. The battalion provided aircraft for then-ongoing relief operations after the 2005 Kashmir earthquake that devastated much of northeastern Pakistan. After nearly 18 months of stateside reprieve, the battalion was again deployed
7th Field Artillery Regiment
The 7th Field Artillery Regiment is a United States Army field artillery regiment, whose lineage traces back to the early 20th century. Note that the lineage of the 7th Regiment of Artillery constituted 8 March 1898 is carried by the 7th Air Defense Artillery Regiment, the regiment was constituted on 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as the 7th Field Artillery. It was organized on 15 July 1916 at Fort Sam Houston, after fighting across North Africa, the regiment participated in 1st Infantry Divisions assault of Omaha Beach. On 20 January 1964 the unit was redesignated the 1st Battalion, 7th Artillery, the redesignation included a new design for the units distinctive unit insignia to an artillery red square shield divided by a silver band running from the top right corner to the bottom left corner. In the upper division of the shield appears three silver crescent moons, while the lower division holds seven silver crosslets alluding to the designation of the battalion. The primary charge of the shield however is the three large artillery red arrow heads or pheons that rest upon the silver band and it is from these three pheons that the nickname for the battalion the Pheons is derived.
The units motto was shortened to Nunquam Fractum written in silver on a red scroll beneath the shield. The unit would carry this designation throughout its tour of Vietnam from 25 June 1965, on 23 June 1965, Private First Class Gerold Worster arrived by plane in Saigon, in the Republic of Vietnam. Not only was Gerold the first soldier from the 1st Infantry Division, known as the Big Red One, even as he climbed from the plane, his comrades were loading aboard the USNS General W. H. Gordon for the trip to Vietnam. On 12 July, Charlie Battery of the 1st Battalion, 7th Artillery made landfall at Cam Ranh Bay, part of a taskforce with the 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. This force was the first tactical US Army unit to be deployed in the Republic of Vietnam directly from the continental United States, after returning from Vietnam in March 1970, the 7th Artillery was redesignated the 7th Field Artillery once again on 1 September 1971. The motto Nunquam Fractum was replaced with Nunquam Aerumna Nec Proelio Fractum, during its Vietnam tour the 105mm howitzers of the 1st Battalion, 7th Artillery fired more than 1,250.000 rounds in its 55 continuous months of combat while earning 11 new battle honors.
With the change of the insignia and the loss of the pheons from the shield. Although the unit itself was not activated for duty as a whole. The 3rd Battalion, 7th Field Artillery 3rd Brigade Combat Team, the unit was headquartered at Kandahar Airfield and provided indirect fire, close combat air control, and fire support for the Bronco Brigade and throughout Afghanistan during the 12-month rotation. During this deployment, Bravo Battery was recorded as having shot the first artillery round against an enemy for the 25th ID since Vietnam. 1st Battalion, 7th Field Artillery Regiment was relieved from assignment to the 25th Infantry Division and assigned to the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, on 5 August 2006 3–7 FA deployed from Schofield Barracks, Hawaii to the Province of Kirkuk in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The unit conducted a traditional counter-fire mission and served as a maneuver taskforce conducting infantry-type missions, the use of 3–7 FA as a maneuver asset instead of a direct support field artillery battalion was a result of the implementation of the counter insurgency doctrine in Iraq