No.1-class landing ship
The No. 1-class landing ship was a class of amphibious assault ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, serving during and after World War II. The IJN called them 1st class transporter, the IJN lost too many destroyers while employed as transporters in the Guadalcanal Campaign. Therefore, the IJN wanted the enforced transporter which could penetrate the front line and it was realized rapidly after Operation Ke. In April 1943, the General Staff requested a military transporter to the Technical Department. In this original plan, the requirement for a slope was not considered and they thought about a Japanese version of the High speed transport. The Technical Department, did not agree with this plan and they submitted a more aggressive plan to the General Staff. They increased the number of landing craft carried and with the effect of reducing the time for landing operations, in addition, about the mass production effect, they intended to deal with this by reducing the shipyards being used for production.
At that time, the slope and operating ability of the amphibious tanks were added. In September 1943, the Kure Naval Arsenal finished the detailed design, the IJN nominated Kure Naval Arsenal as the main builder and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries as support builder. Lead ship was constructed at Mitsubishi, laid down on 5 November 1943, launched on 8 February 1944, the Kure Naval Arsenal completed 15 vessels, Mitsubishi completed 6 vessels. The Kure Naval Arsenal was earnest and they made the original sized wooden samples, and learned a work procedure. They used the Yamatos dock and repeated build 2 vessels at the same time, most of Kures vessels were completed within 80 days from being laid down. The completed vessels were sent one by one to the front, most of these vessels were sent to the Battle of Leyte and transportation duty of the Bonin Islands. By that time, the IJN already lost air superiority and thalassocracy in those areas,5 vessels survived war and were surrendered to the Allies. High speed transport No.
1-class patrol boat No. 31-class patrol boat No. 101-class landing ship Rekishi Gunzō
7 Sinners is the thirteenth studio album by German power metal band Helloween, released in 2010. A video clip for Are You Metal. was released 11 October 2010, the whole album could be heard on Myspace a week before the physical release. 7 Sinners sold 1,900 copies in its first week of release in the U. S. Madman, voiced the intro on their last studio album Gambling with the Devil
The 170th Group is a unit of the Nebraska Air National Guard, stationed at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. If activated to service, the group would be gained by the United States Air Force Air Combat Command. The group was activated in the New Jersey Air National Guard as the 170th Air Transport Group. The 170th Group grew out of Detachment 1 of Headquarters Nebraska Air National Guard and it gathers members of the Nebraska Air National Guard stationed at Offutt Air Force Base into a single administrative unit as part of the Future Total Force Initiative. These instructors are assigned to the 238th Combat Training Squadron, areas supported include requirements and tactics, base operations and aviation resource management. Thes Guardsment form the 170th Operations Support Squadron, the 170th Group is authorized 80 personnel, including 35 full-time and 45 traditionalGuardsmen. The 170th was reactivated in a ceremony on 6 July 2007 at Offutt Air Force Base, the group was first activated at Newark Municipal Airport on 18 January 1964 as the 170th Air Transport Group to provide a headquarters for the 150th Air Transport Squadron and its supporting units.
The group initially operated Lockheed C-121 Constellation long distance transports, primarily for passenger movements to Europe, eighteen months after its formation, the group moved to McGuire Air Force Base. The 170th flew to the Caribbean and, during the Vietnam War, to Japan, South Vietnam, Australia, in 1966, when Military Airlift Command replaced Military Air Transport Service, the group became the 170th Military Airlift Group. From 1969 the group focused on airlifting patients, and became the 170th Aeromedical Airlift Group, the Constellations were retired in 1973, and were replaced with De Haviland Canada C-7 Caribou light transports, which were returning from service in the Vietnam War. The C-7s were used for carrying small payloads in forward areas with unimproved airstrips, in 1977 the 170th received Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers and became the 150th Air Refueling Squadron. The group was inactivated while its 150th Air Refueling Squadron was assigned to the 108th Operations Group as its second KC-135 squadron.
In 2007, the group was activated as the 170th Group at Offutt Air Force Base, Susan, Charles J. Air National Guard at 60, A History. Bolling AFB, DC, Air National Guard History Office
000 (emergency telephone number)
Triple Zero is the primary national emergency number in Australia. The Emergency Call Service is operated by Telstra as a condition of its telecommunications licence, other emergency numbers in Australia are 112 for GSM mobile and satellite phones, which is answered by a Triple Zero operator and 106 for TDD textphones. Those numbers changed in 1994 to 110,112 and 113 respectively, for calls to the State Emergency Service the Australia wide number 132500 can be used. This number should only be used for non–life-threatening situations, prior to 1969, Australia did not have a national number for emergency services, the police and ambulance services possessed many phone numbers, one for each local unit. In 1961, the office of the Postmaster General introduced the Triple Zero number in major population centres, the number Triple Zero was chosen for several reasons, technically, it suited the dialling system for the most remote automatic exchanges, particularly outback Queensland. These communities used the digit 0 to select an automatic trunk line to a centre, in the most remote communities, two 0s had to be used to reach a main centre, thus dialling 0+0, plus another 0 would call an operator.
Zero is closest to the stall on Australian rotary dial phones. 911 was previously considered as an emergency number, though existing numbering arrangements make this unfeasible due to homes and businesses being assigned numbers beginning with 911. Calling Triple Zero connects the caller to a Telstra operator who will connect the caller to the emergency service organisation calltaker, Telstra operators will ask the caller if they require the Police, Ambulance. and their location if calling from a mobile phone or nomadic service. The caller is connected to the relevant emergency service answer point as requested by the caller, the callers address is usually available to Telstra operators for fixed services in Australia even if the number is private. When calling from a telephone, callers should always attempt to provide accurate location details. This will assist emergency calltakers, and will expedite emergency service dispatch, within Australia, Triple Zero is a free call from any telephone.
Simcards are not required to connect mobile phones to Emergency Services, interpreter services may be available once connected to Emergency Services. Due to special configuration in their firmware, some 3G or GSM mobile phones sold in Australia will redirect other emergency numbers, such as 9-1-1 and 9-9-9, to Triple Zero. These calls are sent out by the handset as a flag to the network. ESTA operates three State Emergency Communications Centres, located in the Melbourne CBD, East Burwood, and Ballarat, using this information, a dispatcher will identify and dispatch the appropriate emergency services or resources. Calls for SES should be made to 132500, however if you have already called police or another service they will have notified SES if appropriate, many ESTA practices and protocols are standardised across all emergency services agencies, and all agencies use the same computer network. The result is complete and instantaneous information sharing between emergency services, on 7 February 2009, catastrophic bushfires occurred in Victoria, otherwise known as Black Saturday bushfires
34th Bomb Squadron
The 34th Bomb Squadron is part of the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota. It operates Rockwell B-1 Lancer aircraft providing strategic bombing capability, the 34th Bomb Squadron is presently the 4th-oldest active squadron in the United States Air Force, being formed on 10 May 1917, less than a month after the United States entry into World War I. Members of the participated in World War I, World War II, Korean War, Operation Enduring Freedom. Today, the 34th Bomb Squadron stands ready to provide aircrews to project global power anytime in support of the Combatant Commanders objectives. The 34th Bomb Squadron can trace its origins to the organization of 2d Company H, Kelly Field, Texas which was organized on 10 May 1917. At the time Kelly Field consisted mostly of a field of plants, as it was just obtained by the Army for the establishment of a training airfield, just to the south of San Antonio. When the first soldiers arrived, there were not any tents or cots for them so they slept on the ground, when the first tents arrived, they were assigned locations for them and they were pitched.
A few days later, when the Company received its full quota of men, it was changed to 1st Company G, the men received their indoctrination into the Army as soldiers, standing guard duty and other rudimentary duties. The men dug ditches for water mains, erected buildings for barracks. On 15 July, the unit was redesignated as the 34th Provisional Squadron, on the 25th, it was again re-designated as the 34th Aero Squadron, and they were issued proper uniforms and began to be equipped for overseas duty. On 10 August, the squadron received orders to leave Kelly Field for transport to Hoboken, five days later, the squadron arrived at Fort Totten, New York. On the 22d they were transported to the Port of Entry, the next day, they left Pier 59, en route to Halifax, Nova Scotia where the ship anchored awaiting for a convoy. Finally, on 5 September, the convoy was formed and the journey began. On the night of 14 September, two red rockets were fired from a destroyer that had spotted a submarine periscope.
The destroyer dropped depth charges on the submarine, and the Baltic made a turn to port. Suddenly a large explosion was heard and five long blasts were made by the ships whistle and everyone on board was ordered to report to their assigned lifeboats. The Baltics captain announced that a torpedo had struck the ship, but it had made a glancing blow on the bow. The next day the Baltic arrived at Liverpool, England where the squadron boarded a train for Southampton, the squadron received orders that it would remain in England for training by the Royal Flying Corps
During the 20th century there was a vast increase in the variety of music that people had access to. The 20th-century orchestra was far more flexible than its predecessors and used a wider variety of instruments. In Beethovens and Felix Mendelssohns time in the 19th century, the orchestra was composed of a standard core of instruments which was very rarely modified. The 20th century saw dramatic innovations in musical forms and styles and songwriters experimented with new musical styles, such as genre fusions. As well and musicians used new electric, electronic, in the 1980s, some styles of music, such as electronic dance music genres such as house music were created largely with synthesizers and drum machines. Faster modes of such as jet flight allowed musicians and fans to travel more widely to perform or hear shows. Busoni, Stravinsky and Schreker were already recognized before 1914 as modernists, composers such as Ravel and Gershwin combined classical and jazz idioms. Late-Romantic and modernist nationalism was in British, American.
Composers such as Ralph Vaughan Williams, Aaron Copland, Carlos Chávez, in the middle of the century composers such as Harry Partch and Ben Johnston explored just intonation. There were three schools of neoclassicism, associated with Igor Stravinsky, Paul Hindemith, and Arnold Schoenberg. Similar sympathies in the half of the century are generally subsumed under the heading postmodernism. A compositional tradition arose in the mid-20th century—particularly in North America—called experimental music and its most famous and influential exponent was John Cage. According to Cage, an action is one the outcome of which is not foreseen. Minimalist music, involving a simplification of materials and intensive repetition of motives began in the late 1950s with the composers Terry Riley, Steve Reich, minimalism was adapted to a more traditional symphonic setting by composers including Reich and John Adams. For more examples see List of 20th-century classical composers, contemporary classical music can be understood as belonging to the period that started in the mid-1970s to early 1990s, which includes modernist, postmodern and pluralist music.
However, the term may be employed in a sense to refer to all post-1945 musical forms. Many composers working in the early 21st century were prominent figures in the 20th century, some younger composers such as Oliver Knussen, Thomas Adès, and Michael Daugherty did not rise to prominence until late in the 20th century. For more examples see List of 21st-century classical composers, in the early twentieth century, electronic devices were invented that were capable of generating sound electronically, without an initial mechanical source of vibration
316th Fighter Squadron
The 316th Fighter Squadron is an active United States Air Force unit. The 316th Fighter Squadron was activated in mid-1942 under I Fighter Command at Mitchel Field, the squadron trained at Byrd Field, Virginia. The first three and a half months were spent in training, and the men of the 316th absorbed the various techniques of aerial combat. On 9 October overseas shipment orders arrived, and on the 27th the men boarded a train in Norfolk and arrived at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey the next day. On Halloween day 1942 the ground echelon boarded the USS West Point, formerly the luxury liner America, the squadron was berthed on the lowest deck, promptly tagged Torpedo Junction by some wag, and the men settled down to days of sickness and boredom. The monotony was somewhat relieved by the sight of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on 12 November the West Point left Rio for the long haul to India, arriving at Bombay on 2 December. The squadrons equipment was unloaded, and the men were put on a train and sent to British Army rest camp at Deolali and they spent several days there stretching their sea legs in preparation for the next phase of the trip.
The cleanliness and luxury of Deolali was a respite from the crowded conditions common to troopships. On 13 December the 316th boarded HMS Denera, and three the men disembarked in Egypt. By 23 December the squadron was at RAF El Amiriya, the great offensive to oust the Nazis from Africa had begun with the English assault on Rommels Afrika Korps at El Alamein on 23 October. The 316th was assigned to help the British advance, but it was not until 15 March that its pilots were deemed ready for combat. The British Eighth Army began its assault on the German Mareth Line on 20 March. The squadrons Curtiss P-40 Warhawks attacked an intersection near El Hamma, despite heavy ack-ack all aircraft returned safely with the exception of Major Frederick G. Delanys. Because of leg wounds, he was forced to land at an English field near the front, on 8 May the squadron bagged its first kill in aerial combat. The Germans had the bad luck not to spot the rest of the flight, two of the enemy planes turned tail and escaped, but one went down in flames.
On 11 May the Tunisian campaign ended, on 2 June the squadron was transferred to El Haouaria Airfield, Tunisia in order to rejoin its parent, the 324th Fighter Group, and for several weeks rested from the rigors of campaigning. The 316th resumed bombing escort operations during July, preparations for Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily were underway, and 10 July was designated as D-Day. The squadron was assigned the task of helping provide air cover for the invasion, on 9 July, while it was providing top cover for a group of Douglas A-20 Havoc light bombers, a formation of squadron planes was jumped by over fifty Me-109s
( ) (album)
Is the third full-length album from Icelandic band Sigur Rós, first released in October 2002. It comprises eight untitled tracks, divided into two parts, the first four tracks are lighter and more optimistic, while the four are bleaker. The two halves are divided by a 36-second silence, and the album opens and closes with a click of distortion, lead singer Jón Þór Birgisson sang the albums lyrics entirely in Hopelandic, a made-up language consisting of gibberish words. Reached No.51 on the Billboard 200 and received acclaim from music critics, the albums title consists of two opposing parentheses, representing either the albums two halves, or the idea that the album has no title, leaving the listener free to determine it. Members of the band have referred to as Svigaplatan, which translates to The Bracket Album, in the credits of the film Heima, it is referred to as The Untitled Album. The outside packaging of consists of a protective sleeve with two parentheses cut out, revealing the image printed on the CD case underneath.
In Iceland, all four cover designs are sold, the back of the packaging shows an image of a sleepwalking boy, adapted from a photograph by John Yang. In 2011, Yangs daughter, Naomi Yang, of the band Galaxie 500, a limited edition version of released in Spain includes a 94-page book of contemporary art. Was co-produced and engineered by Ken Thomas, who worked with the band on their previous album. This is the first album Sigur Rós recorded at their studio based in Álafoss, Mosfellsbær, the band refers to the studio as Sundlaugin, or The Pool. Includes the work of the string quartet Amiina. was given more production and recording time than Ágætis byrjun and he characterized the record as being much more bare and alive and there are far fewer little slick things and much less sweet stuff. The strings of Ágætis byrjun were recorded in just two days, while two weeks were given for their recording on, in addition, the former was performed by the Icelandic Symphony Orchestra, while the latter was done by Amiina.
Because of this, the parts required less preparation prior to recording. The band just let them jam in the studio until everybody was happy, consists of eight tracks divided in half by thirty-six seconds of silence which, in concept, replicates the separation of two sides of a gramophone record. The first half of the album is light and optimistic musically, with a emphasis on the use of keyboards than guitar. The second half is more melancholic, playing with the emotions of the listener, the songs are listed as Untitled #1, Untitled #2, etc. although each track has an unofficial name used by the band. Jónsi sang the lyrics of entirely in Vonlenska, a language which consists of meaningless words. Jónsi uses Hopelandic in place of songs which do not yet have lyrics, although some tracks on Sigur Rós albums Von and Takk. are only sung in the language
A three-dimensional stereoscopic film is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension. The most common approach to the production of 3D films is derived from stereoscopic photography, 3D films are not limited to theatrical releases, television broadcasts and direct-to-video films have incorporated similar methods, especially since the advent of 3D television and Blu-ray 3D. 3D films became more and more throughout the 2000s, culminating in the unprecedented success of 3D presentations of Avatar in December 2009. The stereoscopic era of motion pictures began in the late 1890s when British film pioneer William Friese-Greene filed a patent for a 3D film process, in his patent, two films were projected side by side on screen. The viewer looked through a stereoscope to converge the two images, because of the obtrusive mechanics behind this method, theatrical use was not practical. Frederic Eugene Ives patented his stereo camera rig in 1900, the camera had two lenses coupled together 1¾ inches apart.
On June 10,1915, Edwin S. Porter and William E. Waddell presented tests to an audience at the Astor Theater in New York City. However, according to Adolph Zukor in his 1953 autobiography The Public Is Never Wrong, My 50 Years in the Motion Picture Industry, nothing was produced in this process after these tests. The earliest confirmed 3D film shown to an audience was The Power of Love. The camera rig was a product of the producer, Harry K. Fairall. Whether Fairall used colored filters on the ports or whether he used tinted prints is unknown. After a preview for exhibitors and press in New York City, the film dropped out of sight, apparently not booked by exhibitors, and is now considered lost. Kelley struck a deal with Samuel Roxy Rothafel to premiere the first in his series of Plasticon shorts entitled Movies of the Future at the Rivoli Theater in New York City. Also in December 1922, Laurens Hammond premiered his Teleview system, Teleview was the first alternating-frame 3D system seen by the public.
Using left-eye and right-eye prints and two interlocked projectors and right frames were alternately projected, each pair being shown three times to suppress flicker. Viewing devices attached to the armrests of the seats had rotary shutters that operated synchronously with the projector shutters, producing a clean. The show ran for weeks, apparently doing good business as a novelty. In 1922, Frederic Eugene Ives and Jacob Leventhal began releasing their first stereoscopic shorts made over a three-year period, the first film, entitled Plastigrams, was distributed nationally by Educational Pictures in the red-and-blue anaglyph format
10th Intelligence Squadron
The United States Air Forces 10th Intelligence Squadron is an intelligence unit located at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia. The squadron was first activated during World War II as the 678th Bombardment Squadron and it was part of the first Boeing B-29 Superfortress group formed for the 58th Bombardment Wing, and served in the China Burma India Theater and Pacific Ocean Theater as part of Twentieth Air Force. The squadrons aircraft engaged in heavy bombardment operations against Japan. The squadron received the Distinguished Unit Citation for its operations on three occasions. When the unit was returned to the United States in 1945 it was redesignated as the 10th Reconnaissance Squadron, whether deployed or in garrison, the ground station is used to conduct information operations and harmonizes with other theater command, communications and intelligence systems. It provides information from sensors and correlates them in near real-time to combat command elements in peace, crisis. The squadron has two operating locations, Operating Location-CP in Chesapeake, provides support to the multiservice Project Crosshair.
Operating Location-FK in Norfolk, provides support to the United States Atlantic Command. The squadron provides support to Air Combat Commands cryptologic support group. Last, the unit operates the Senior Year ground maintenance training center providing sole source training for Senior Year units worldwide, the squadron commander provides intelligence to the Air Combat Command Air Operations Center and other national agencies. The squadron was first activated as the 678th Bombardment Squadron on 1 March 1943 at Davis-Monthan Field, the 444th was assigned to the first B-29 Superfortress wing, the 58th Bombardment Wing. After a period of organization at Davis-Monthan the squadron moved to Great Bend Army Air Field, for training, initially flying Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses, Consolidated B-24 Liberators and Martin B-26 Marauders. The group engaged in training on the new aircraft and its mission of long range precision bombing, in November 1943 The 444th reorganized as a Very Heavy group and added the 7th Bombardment Maintenance Squadrons, which was paired with the 678th to maintain its B-29s.
In early April 1944, the left the United States and deployed to a former B-24 Liberator airfield at Charra Airfield. The first airplane of the 444th group landed at Charra on 11 April 1944, due to the lack of revetments at Charra the squadrons airplanes were parked wingtip to wingtip on the fields shorter runway. Charra served only as a maintenance and staging base and its runways were too short for a B-29 to take off fully loaded. While the squadron was stationed there, all missions were flown from the bases of the bombardment groups of the 58th Bombardment Wing. From India, the 678th planned to fly missions against Japan from advanced airfields in China, all the supplies of fuel and spare parts needed to support operations from the forward bases in China had to be flown from India over The Hump
36 Crazyfists is a heavy metal band formed in Anchorage and based in Portland, Oregon. The bands name comes from the Jackie Chan film Jackie Chan and they have released seven studio albums, In the Skin, Bitterness the Star, A Snow Capped Romance, Rest Inside the Flames, The Tide and Its Takers and Castaways, and Time and Trauma. 36 Crazyfists formed in 1994 in Nikiski, the original members were vocalist Brock Lindow, guitarists Steve Holt and Ryan Brownell, bassist JD Stuart, and drummer Thomas Noonan. Holt is from Kenai, and Lindow spent much of his childhood there, Brownell and Noonan are all from Anchorage. 36CF originated from the remains of three bands, Grin and Broke. JD Stuart played in Grin, Brock Lindow in Hessian, and Steve Holt, one of the circumstances influencing the formation of 36CF was the murder of Brokes drummer Duane Monsen. On January 28,1994, Broke played a set at the Underground bar in Anchorage, that night there was an altercation between Monsen and a drunken soldier who was stationed locally at Ft.
Richardson. According to an article in the Anchorage Daily News, Monsen tried to apologize and defuse the situation, in the wake of this tragedy, Monsens friends organized a benefit concert to raise funds for his family. Monsens protégé Thomas Noonan played the drums at this show and the musicians decided that they were an excellent match, in retrospect, it became the first 36CF performance. 36CF released their first EP, Boss Buckle, in 1995 on cassette, stylistically it was Groove/heavy metal with a bit of Rapcore. At that time the local popularity was rising quickly and the tape became a rarity. On May 13,1996, 36CF opened for Primus at Egan Center in Anchorage and this concert was particularly interesting in a few ways. This was the one of the first times 36CF performed before an audience of thousands and this was the last show of Primus Punchbowl tour and the last show for drummer Tim Alexander before his first hiatus from Primus. 36CF were planning to relocate to Tacoma Washington in search of professional recording contracts when another tragedy struck, on June 16,1996, JD Stuart died in a car collision at age 23.
This was a loss for the band because Stuarts musicianship and showmanship were a large part of the bands appeal. At that time, Brownell retired from the band and the members recruited bassist Mick Whitney. 36CF relocated to the Seattle-Tacoma metro area, in 1997, the band released their second EP, Suffer Tree, on cassette. Later that year released their full-length debut CD, In the Skin