The M4 is a motorway which runs between London and South Wales in the United Kingdom. Major towns and cities along the route include Slough, Swindon, Newport, Cardiff, a new Severn bridge, known as the Second Severn Crossing, was opened in 1996 with the M4 rerouted to use it. The M4 runs close to the A4 from London to Bristol, after crossing the River Severn it follows the A48 through South Wales, using the Brynglas Tunnels at Junction 25a, Newport and terminates just north of Pontarddulais. It is one of three motorways in Wales, the other two, the A48 and M48, branch off it. The area of land along the M4, with its towns, european route E30 includes most of the M4, although it is not signed as such. The Maidenhead bypass opened in 1961 whilst J1-J5 opened in 1965, the stretch from J18 to the west of Newport was opened in 1966, including the Severn Bridge. The Port Talbot by-pass, built in the 1960s and now part of the M4, was originally the A48 motorway, the English section of the motorway was completed on 22 December 1971 when the 50-mile stretch between Junctions 9 and 15 was opened to traffic.
The Welsh section was completed in 1993, when the Briton Ferry motorway bridge opened, the Second Severn Crossing opened in 1996, together with new link motorways on either side of the estuary to divert the M4 over the new crossing. The existing route over the Severn Bridge was redesignated the M48, in June 1999 the section of the third lane between Junctions 2 and 3 was converted to a bus lane, first as a pilot scheme and permanently in 2001. A lower speed limit was introduced along the bus lane section at the same time, between 2007 and January 2010 the section from Castleton to Coryton was widened to six lanes. The scheme was opened on 25 January 2010 by Ieuan Wyn Jones the Deputy First Minister for Wales. During 2009 the Newport section of the motorway between Junctions 23a and 29 was upgraded with a new concrete central barrier. A similar claim was made for a 30-mile section of road in Scotland close to Aberdeen in September 2009 with refuelling points at Bridge of Don and Peterhead. Between 2008 and 2010, Junction 11, near Reading, was remodelled with a new four-lane motorway junction.
It involved the movement of the local Highways Agency and Fire Service offices, and the construction of a footbridge network, a new bus-lane. Sound barriers for nearby areas were installed. In April 2008, the decision to preserve a rare Vickers machine gun pillbox, the table below shows the timeline for the construction of the motorway on a section by section basis. Tolls are charged in one only, westbound
The A686 is a road in Northern England. It runs from Penrith in Cumbria to Haydon Bridge in Northumberland, the AA named the A686 One of the Greatest Drives in Britain owing to the dramatic scenery of the Pennines hills encountered along its route. The road is popular with motorbikers, and due to the number of steep bends many casualties occur along the road. It was recently voted 9th best drive in the country by Top Gear, the A686 begins at a roundabout with the A66 road and A6 road on the edge of Penrith though it originally started in nearby Carleton at a crossroads with the former route of the A66. The road heads in a north-easterly direction crossing the River Eden before going through the village of Langwathby and it continues through Melmerby and across the Pennines before reaching the isolated market town of Alston. It meets the A689 road and crosses the border into Northumberland and it continues past the villages of Ninebanks and Whitfield. It meets the B6305 road to Hexham, and 3.1 miles terminates at its junction with the A69 road just east of Haydon Bridge
28 Days Later
Successful both commercially and critically, the film is credited with reinvigorating the zombie genre of horror film. The film spawned a 2007 sequel,28 Weeks Later, a novel titled 28 Days Later, The Aftermath, which expands on the timeline of the outbreak. In Cambridge, three animal liberation activists break into a research laboratory. A scientist in the lab desperately warns them against releasing the captive chimpanzees, ignoring his pleas, the activists release a chimp, which infects a female activist. She attacks and infects everyone else present,28 days later, in London, Jim, a bicycle courier, awakens from a coma in St Thomas Hospital. He finds the hospital deserted. He wanders the streets of London, finding it deserted as well, Jim enters a church and finds a priest, who turns out to be infected. Jim flees, attracting attention of more infected, but Selena, at one of their safehouses, they explain to Jim that while he was in a coma, a virus spread among the populace, resulting in societal collapse.
They claim the virus has been reported in Paris and New York City as well, the next day and Mark accompany Jim to his parents house in Deptford, where he discovers they committed suicide in bed together. That night, the three are attacked by more infected, Mark is bitten, and Selena kills him. She curtly explains that the virus spreads through blood and saliva and she warns that should Jim become infected, she will kill him in a heartbeat. The two see some blinking Christmas lights from Balfron Tower and head there and they discover two more survivors – cab driver Frank and his daughter Hannah – who allow them to take shelter. The next day, Frank informs them that their supplies – particularly water – are dwindling and he plays them a pre-recorded radio broadcast from a military blockade near Manchester, claiming they have the answer to infection and promises to protect any survivors who reach them. The group board Franks cab and head to Manchester, bonding with one another throughout the trip, at the deserted blockade, Frank is infected when a drop of blood falls into his eye.
He is killed by the soldiers, who take the remaining survivors to a fortified mansion under the command of Major Henry West. West reveals to Jim that his answer to infection entails waiting for the infected to starve to death and luring female survivors into sexual slavery, the group attempts to flee, but Jim is captured and chained next to Sergeant Farrell, a dissenting soldier. Farrell shares with Jim his speculation that the virus has not spread beyond Great Britain, the next day, the soldiers prepare the girls for gang rape, while two soldiers lead Jim and Farrell to execution. When his executioners argue after killing Farrell, Jim escapes and spots a NATO aircraft flying overhead, Jim lures West and another soldier to the blockade, where Jim kills the latter and leaves West stranded for arriving infected
11 Stanwix Street
11 Stanwix Street, formerly known as Westinghouse Tower, is one of the major distinctive and recognizable features of Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Tenants today include IBM, the Allegheny Conference on Community Development, the advertising firm Brunner,11 Stanwix Street was completed on November 24,1969, and has 23 floors. It rises 355 feet above Downtown Pittsburgh and is located along the Monongahela River, a ten story building that once served as the citys main post was previously located on this site. List of tallest buildings in Pittsburgh Toker, Pittsburgh, Society of Architectural Historians, Santa Fe, Center for American Places, Charlottesville, In association with the University of Virginia Press
3D television is television that conveys depth perception to the viewer by employing techniques such as stereoscopic display, multi-view display, 2D-plus-depth, or any other form of 3D display. Most modern 3D television sets use an active shutter 3D system or a polarized 3D system, 3D TV are to be discontinued in 2017 due to low consumer demand. LG and Sony were the last manufacturers to build the product, however, 4K TVs with 3D capability still exist. The stereoscope was first invented by Sir Charles Wheatstone in 1838 and it showed that when two pictures are viewed stereoscopically, they are combined by the brain to produce 3D depth perception. The stereoscope was improved by Louis Jules Duboscq, and a picture of Queen Victoria was displayed at The Great Exhibition in 1851. In 1855 the Kinematoscope was invented, in the late 1890s, the British film pioneer William Friese-Greene filed a patent for a 3D movie process. Stereoscopic 3D television was demonstrated for the first time on 10 August 1928, by John Logie Baird in his companys premises at 133 Long Acre, Baird pioneered a variety of 3D television systems using electro-mechanical and cathode-ray tube techniques.
The first 3D TV was produced in 1935, and stereoscopic 3D still cameras for personal use had become fairly common by the Second World War. Many 3D movies were produced for release in the US during the 1950s just when television started to become popular. The first such movie was Bwana Devil from United Artists that could be seen all across the US in 1952, one year later, in 1953, came the 3D movie House of Wax which featured stereophonic sound. Alfred Hitchcock produced his film Dial M for Murder in 3D, in 1946 the Soviet Union developed 3D films, with Robinzon Kruzo being its first full-length 3D movie. People were excited to view the 3D movies, but were put off by their poor quality, because of this, their popularity declined quickly. There was another attempt in the 1970s and 80s to make 3D movies more mainstream with the releases of Friday the 13th Part III, 3D showings became more popular throughout the 2000s, culminating in the success of 3D presentations of Avatar in December 2009 and January 2010.
According to DisplaySearch, 3D television shipments totaled 41.45 million units in 2012, in late 2013, the number of 3D TV viewers started to decline, and as of 2016, development of 3D TV is limited to a few premium models. There are several techniques to produce and display 3D moving pictures, the following are some of the technical details and methodologies employed in some of the more notable 3D movie systems that have been developed. The future of 3D television is emerging as time progresses, New technology like WindowWalls and Visible light communication are being implemented into 3D television as the demand for 3D TV increases. Scott Birnbaum, vice president of Samsungs LCD business, says that the demand for 3D TV will skyrocket in the couple of years. The basic requirement is to display offset images that are filtered separately to the left, besides Hitachi, Sony is working on similar technologies
3rd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment
3rd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment is a regular force light infantry battalion of the Canadian Forces. As of 2011,3 RCR was designated Canadas first airmobile battalion, after seeing the unit in the reconstitution phase of the army training operations framework cycle, it was prepared once again for deployment. It stood up as the core of Task Force 3–08 Battle Group in January 2008,3 RCR redeployed to Canada in April and May 2009. Most recently, O Company deployed as a component of the Task Force 1-10 BG, the Royal Canadian Regiment was formed 21 December 1883, under the name of the Infantry School Corps. The regiment was known by a variety of names until The Royal Canadian Regiment became official, there have been three occasions when there have been more than one battalion of The RCR. First was during the time of the Boer War, when 2nd Battalion, 3rd battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry occupied Wellington Barracks in Halifax, NS and conducted garrison duties there. Second was at the end of the Second World War when a second battalion.
Finally, during the Korean War, 3rd battalion was formed on 10 January 1951,3 RCR served in Korea from March 1953 until March 1954. During a reorganisation of the Canadian Army in the early 1950s,3 RCR ceased being on the regular order of battle. 3 RCR was the designation of the battalion of The RCR. It served in Baden, until 1984, when it was replaced by 2nd Battalion Princess Patricias Canadian Light Infantry and it was based in Winnipeg as part of 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group. It returned to Germany in 1988, where it stayed until 1993 and it was designated a so-called 10/90 battalion and was based at CFB Borden. Early in May the battalion withstood a strong enemy assault on its position about Hill 187, the attack was repulsed, but the engagement cost the Canadians heavy casualties –26 killed,27 wounded and seven taken prisoner. In 1954 two London, Militia regiments, the Canadian Fusiliers and The Oxford Rifles were amalgamated and redesignated The London and this unit thus became the reserve component of The RCR.
In 1958, it was renamed 3rd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment,3 RCR was one of two infantry battalions that formed Canadas commitment to NATO. It assumed duties from 3 Mechanised Commando, Canadian Airborne Regiment in 1977 and it was stationed in Baden-Söllingen, Germany, as part of 4 CMBG. It remained there until 1984, when it was replaced by 2nd Battalion,3 RCR was stationed in Winnipeg, Manitoba. In 1988,3 RCR was once again rotated to Germany, at this time, it deployed with four rifle companies instead of the usual three rifle companies
26th Infantry Regiment (United States)
The 26th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Army. Its nickname is Blue Spaders, taken from the device on the regiments distinctive unit insignia. The 26th Infantry Regiment is part of the U. S. Army Regimental System, currently only the 1st Battalion is active and assigned to the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division. Blazon Shield, Argent, a palm branch paleways Proper. For informal use, the shield encircled by a fourragére in the colors of the French Croix de Guerre, crest, On a wreath of the colors Argent and Azure a sun in splendor charged with a Mohawk arrowhead Azure. Symbolism, The shield is white with a chief, the old. The dividing line embattled stands for the entrenchments which the regiment has so many times assaulted, the Mohawk arrowhead was the regimental insignia during World War I. It was selected by Colonel Hamilton A. Smith as indicating the American virtues, Colonel Smith was killed while leading the regiment in the first great offensive in which it took part.
The palm of victory displayed on the shield and the motto refer to the award the regiment seeks. The arrowhead is repeated in the crest to indicate the same regimental spirit under all conditions, the sun, taken from the Katipunan flag, symbolizes service in the Philippine Insurrection. Background, The coat of arms was approved on 1973-04-16, The shield is the characteristic device of the regiment. Background, The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 1973-04-16, description, A white oval-shaped embroidered item 1 3/8 inches in height and 2 1/4 inches in width overall, all within a 1/4 ultramarine blue border notched at the horizontal center line. The background trimming was approved on 24 October 2014, at the beginning of the 20th century, the United States Army was sorely pressed to meet its overseas commitments in Cuba, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico. As a result, in 1901 Congress authorized five additional Regular Army infantry regiments, the 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th, and 30th Infantry.
The 26th Infantry began its life overseas in the Philippines and spent its first 20 years of service on deployments to the Southwest Pacific and it earned its first battle streamer during the Philippine–American War within two years of its forming as a unit. This expeditionary division would be renamed the First Division and thus began the long association with the Big Red One. As part of the first American soldiers to arrive in France, along with its sister regiments of the division, it earned more campaign streamers than any other regiments during World War I. However, they came at a terrible cost, over 900 Blue Spaders lost their lives in a six-month period
5 South African Infantry Battalion
5 South African Infantry Battalion is a motorised infantry unit of the South African Army. 5 SAI was established on January 1,1962 at Ladysmith, the battalion became operational on the 1 April 1962. 5 SAI had a very unusual proficiency in the 1970s and 1980s, called the Insizwa, the criteria required that only sharpshooters on a tabel 4 level were allowed to compete. A2.4 kilometres run had to be done under ten mins with battle kit on, the route march would end at the 200 metres firing line where the competitor would have to shoot 8 shots in the bull. The soldier would have to complete all other shooting exercises with an 80% success rate. Land to the east of Ladysmith was allocated by the Department of Defence in 1990 as Boschhoek Training Area, in 2009, the battalion was one of several South African units who took part as peacekeepers in the United Nations Mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo. The battalion was deployed again in May 2014 to the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo as part of the United Nations Force Intervention Brigade, sANDF’s Motorised Infantry is transported mostly by Samil trucks, Mamba APC’s or other un-protected motor vehicles.
Samil 20,50 and 100 trucks transport soldiers, towing guns, Samil trucks are all-wheel drive, in order to have vehicles that function reliably in extremes of weather and terrain
In 2007,2.5 million posts were made every day. Launched in 1999, it has gained significant influence in Japanese society, comparable to that of mass media such as television, radio. During 2008 the site generated an annual revenue upwards of ¥100 million for its founder Hiroyuki Nishimura, the website was previously operated under Packet Monster Inc. a company based in Chinatown, between 2009 and 2014. It has been described as Japan’s most popular community, with around ten million users accessing it each day. The name 2channel is allegedly a reference to how RF modulators, commonly used for connecting earlier-generation game consoles to television sets, 2ch was opened on 30 May 1999 in a college apartment in Conway, Arkansas on the campus of University of Central Arkansas by Hiroyuki Nishimura. At the time, 2channel served as the successor to an earlier anonymous textboard known as Ayashii World, since 2channels servers were located in the United States, the website enjoyed a greater degree of immunity to legal action from within Japan, in comparison to its predecessors.
In 2009, Hiroyuki transferred ownership of the website to Packet Monster Inc. a company based in Chinatown, while remaining as an administrator. Later on August 24,2013, the Tokyo Regional Taxation Bureau declared in a tax audit that Nishimura failed to declare 100 million yen worth of revenue which is subject to income tax. As a result, a series of lawsuits were filed against the website, on February 19,2014, 2channel underwent a domain name repossession, with Jim Watkins, an ex-US Army officer and chairman of San Francisco-based N. T. Technologies taking full control over the website, relieving Nishimura of all power and it was revealed that 2channel was suffering from financial setbacks prior to the takeover. In response, Nishimura created his own clone of 2channel at 2ch. sc, scraping the contents of the entire 2channel website, currently 2ch. sc continues to scrape the contents of 2channel in real-time. In a Q&A session on 4chan shortly after becoming the owner, Nishimura claimed that control over 2channel was stolen by Watkins.
The websites scale and management style are unique and it has currently more than 1,000 active boards. They are categorised such as Social News and Cooking, making it the most comprehensive forum in Japan, each board usually has some hundreds of active threads. Each thread, in turn, contains up to 1000 anonymous comments, 2ch operates on innovative forum software, which is a major departure from 1980s bulletin board systems. Everything is done anonymously and voluntarily, a posting in a thread will either bump or not, determining its position in the thread list. Each thread is limited to 1000 postings at maximum, and a new thread must be opened to continue discussion and this prevents the rotting of old threads and keeps active topics refreshed. It saves bandwidth, which is a concern on a forum as large as 2ch
The A26 road is one of the three cross-country two-digit numbered roads in the southeast of England, the others being the A25 road and A27 road. It carries traffic from Maidstone in Kent in a generally south-westerly direction to Tunbridge Wells, the road is almost entirely single carriageway resulting in congestion. The original A26 at Lewes headed to Brighton following the modern day A27, the road runs for a total distance of some 50 miles and provides access to the North Kent area and its industrial base with the ferry port of Newhaven. In consequence it has a large Heavy Goods Vehicle usage, media related to A26 road at Wikimedia Commons