William Scarlett, 3rd Baron Abinger
Lieutenant General William Frederick Scarlett, 3rd Baron Abinger CB, DL was a British peer and soldier. Lord Abinger was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge and he became a Captain of the Scots Fusilier Guards regiment of the British Army. He served in the Crimean War fighting between 1854 and 1855 in the battles of Alma and Inkerman, Scarlett succeeded his father Robert Scarlett, 2nd Baron Abinger, in 1861. He visited the United States during the American Civil War He was promoted to Major in 1868, with promotions through the ranks at intervals of six, in the 1877 Birthday Honours, Lord Abinger was appointed to the Order of the Bath as a Companion. In 1863 he married Helen Magruder, daughter of Commodore George Allan Magruder and their daughter Evelina, who married Major Henry Haverfield, was a suffragette and an aid worker during World War I. One of the two main estates at this time was Abinger Hall, at the foot of the North Downs in Abinger. The third baron sold it in 1867 to a Mr Gwynne, who soon sold it to become the family seat of the statistician recently created first Lord Farrer.
Scarletts first cousin once removed, James Williams Scarlett, son of Sir William Anglin Scarlett, purchased the isle of Gigha, off the coast of Argyll and his son, Lieutenant-Colonel William James Scarlett, built the mansion house of Achamore there. Gigha remained in the hands until 1919. Hansard 1803–2005, contributions in Parliament by Lord Abinger http, //www. thepeerage. com/p4805. htm
Arthur Geoffrey Dyke Acland, known as Geoffrey Acland, was a British Liberal Party politician. He studied at Rugby School, Trinity College, during World War II, he served with the Border Regiment, rising to become a Captain. After the war, Acland became joint managing director of some paper mills, from 1954 to 1956, he was the Chairman of the Liberal Party. Acland married Winifred Julian Dorothy Fothergill in 1932, and they were the parents of six children
Ernest Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury
Ernest Augustus Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury PC, styled Lord Ernest Bruce from 1821 until 1878, was a British courtier and politician. He served as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household between 1841 and 1846 and again between 1852 and 1858, an MP for 46 years, he succeeded his elder brother in the marquessate in 1878. George Brudenell-Bruce, 2nd Marquess of Ailesbury was his elder brother and he was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge. Brudenell-Bruce was returned to Parliament for Marlborough in 1832 and he was a Lord of the Bedchamber to William IV from 1834 to 1835. In 1841 he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Household under Sir Robert Peel and he returned to the same office in December 1852 in Lord Aberdeens coalition government. He continued in the post when Lord Palmerston became prime minister in 1855 and he remained MP for Marlborough until 1878, when he succeeded his elder brother in the marquessate and entered the House of Lords.
In 1884 he was made Lord-Lieutenant of Berkshire, a post he held until his two years later. Lord Ailesbury married the Honourable Louisa Elizabeth Horsley-Beresford, daughter of John Horsley-Beresford, 2nd Baron Decies and they had seven children, Lady Louisa Caroline Brudenell-Bruce, married Sir Henry Meux, 2nd Baronet. Lady Ernestine Mary Brudenell-Bruce, married William Hare, 3rd Earl of Listowel, lieutenant George John Brudenell-Bruce, married Lady Evelyn Mary Craven, daughter of William Craven, 2nd Earl of Craven and had issue George Brudenell-Bruce, 4th Marquess of Ailesbury. Henry Augustus Brudenell-Bruce, 5th Marquess of Ailesbury, commodore Lord Robert Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, married Emma Leigh and had issue. Major Lord Charles Frederick Brudenell-Bruce, married Margaret Renshaw, no issue, Lord Ailesbury died at Tottenham House, Wiltshire, in October 1886, aged 75, and was buried at Great Bedwyn, Wiltshire. His grandson George succeeded to the marquessate, the Marchioness of Ailesbury died in October 1891, aged 77, and was buried at Great Bedwyn, Wiltshire.
Hansard 1803–2005, contributions in Parliament by Ernest Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury
Trinity Great Court
Great Court is the main court of Trinity College and reputed to be the largest enclosed court in Europe. The court was completed by Thomas Nevile, master of the college, in the years of the 17th century. The Great Gate is home to the statue of founder Henry VIII whose sceptre was replaced by a chair leg by students in the 19th century. Next comes the East Range, and staircases F-K that contain the college bursary, staircase I leads to Angel Court, containing rooms for students and fellows, and to the college bar. The South Range runs from staircases L–Q with rooms for students and fellows, R staircase can be found in a passage leading to Bishops Hostel, while S staircase is on the left in the passage leading past the Hall into Neviles Court. The West Range is dominated by the Great Hall, the dining hall modelled on that of Middle Temple. The fourth side begins with staircases A–C, before reaching Kings Gate, and the entrance to the oldest part of the college, originally built on the site of the current sundial in the middle of the court, Nevile moved it 20 metres north when completing the court.
Kings Gate houses the clock that chimes every 15 minutes and strikes the hour twice. In the centre of the court is a fountain, built during Neviles time. Many have tried to run the 341 metres around the court in the 43 seconds that it takes to strike 12 oclock, known as the Great Court Run, students traditionally attempt to complete the circuit on the day of the Matriculation Dinner. Only two people are believed to have completed the run in the time. The first was Lord Burghley in 1927, Sebastian Coe and Steve Cram attempted the feat in a charity race on 29 October 1988. Coes time was reported by Norris McWhirter to have been 45.52 seconds, the clock on that day took 44.4 seconds and the video film confirms that Coe was some 12 metres short of his finish line when the fateful final stroke occurred. The television commentators were suggesting that the sounds of the bell could be included in the striking time. This conflicts with Trinity Colleges website, which states, In October 1988 the race was recreated for charity by Britains two foremost middle-distance runners, Sebastian Coe and Steve Cram, daley Thompson, the decathlete, was a reserve.
Coe won, getting round in 42.53 seconds, alas, he didnt quite beat the chimes, as the clock had been wound the day before, and the chimes ran somewhat faster than their usual 43 seconds because of the extra turn of rope on the drum. The event was organized by 36-year-old undergraduate Nigel McCrery and raised £50,000 for the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, in 2007, Sam Dobin was seen to beat the clock in a time of 42. 77s, improving on his 3rd-place finish the previous year. Dobins achievement received national newspaper coverage which reported it as the fastest time in the history of the race, beating Burghley, from 2012 to 2014, Cornelius Roemer won the run three times in a row, beating the clock in his 2014 run
Christopher Wolfgang Alexander is a widely influential architect and design theorist, and currently emeritus professor at the University of California, Berkeley. His theories about the nature of human-centered design have affected fields beyond architecture, including design, sociology. Alexander has designed and personally built over 100 buildings, both as an architect and a general contractor, in software, Alexander is regarded as the father of the pattern language movement. The first wiki—the technology behind Wikipedia—led directly from Alexanders work, according to its creator, Alexanders work has influenced the development of agile software development and Scrum. However, Alexander is controversial among some mainstream architects and critics, in part because his work is harshly critical of much of contemporary architectural theory. Alexander is perhaps best known for his 1977 book A Pattern Language, reasoning that users are more sensitive to their needs than any architect could be, he produced and validated a pattern language to empower anyone to design and build at any scale.
As a young child Alexander emigrated in fall 1938 with his parents from Austria to England and he spent much of his childhood in Chichester and Oxford, where he began his education in the sciences. He moved from England to the United States in 1958 to study at Harvard University and he moved to Berkeley, California in 1963 to accept an appointment as Professor of Architecture, a position he would hold for almost 40 years. In 2002, after his retirement, Alexander moved to Arundel, Alexander is married to Margaret Moore Alexander, and he has two daughters and Lily, by his former wife Pamela. In 1954, he was awarded the top open scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge University in chemistry and physics and he earned a Bachelors degree in Architecture and a Masters degree in Mathematics. He took his doctorate at Harvard, and was elected fellow at Harvard, during the same period he worked at MIT in transportation theory and computer science, and worked at Harvard in cognition and cognitive studies.
The Timeless Way of Building described the perfection of use to which buildings could aspire, There is one way of building. It is a years old, and the same today as it has ever been. The great traditional buildings of the past, the villages and tents and it is not possible to make great buildings, or great towns, beautiful places, places where you feel yourself, places where you feel alive, except by following this way. And, as you see, this way will lead anyone who looks for it to buildings which are themselves as ancient in their form, as the trees and hills. A Pattern Language, Buildings, Construction described a practical system in a form that a theoretical mathematician or computer scientist might call a generative grammar. The work originated from an observation that many cities are attractive. The authors said that this occurs because they were built to local regulations that required specific features, the book provides rules and pictures, and leaves decisions to be taken from the precise environment of the project
He provided experimental evidence for the all-or-none law of nerves. Adrian was born at Hampstead, London, to Alfred Douglas Adrian, legal adviser to the Local Government Board, and Flora Lavinia Barton. After completing a degree in 1915, he did clinical work at St Bartholomews Hospital London during World War I, treating soldiers with nerve damage. Adrian returned to Cambridge as a lecturer and in 1925 began research on the sensory organs by electrical methods. An accidental discovery by Adrian in 1928 proved the presence of electricity within nerve cells, Adrian said, I had arranged electrodes on the optic nerve of a toad in connection with some experiments on the retina. The room was dark and I was puzzled to hear repeated noises in the loudspeaker attached to the amplifier. It was not until I compared the noises with my own movements around the room that I realised I was in the field of vision of the toads eye and these conclusions lead to the idea of a sensory map, called the homunculus, in the somatosensory system.
Later, Adrian used the electroencephalogram to study the activity of the brain in humans. His work on the abnormalities of the Berger rhythm paved the way for subsequent investigation in epilepsy and he spent the last portion of his research career investigating olfaction. Adrian was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts, in 1946 he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1942 he was awarded membership to the Order of Merit and in 1955 was created Baron Adrian, the Basis of Sensation The Mechanism of Nervous Action Factors Determining Human Behavior Karl Grandin, ed. Edgar Adrian Biography. The Master of Trinity at Trinity College, Cambridge
George Biddell Airy
Sir George Biddell Airy KCB PRS was an English mathematician and astronomer, Astronomer Royal from 1835 to 1881. His reputation has been tarnished by allegations that, through his inaction, Airy was born at Alnwick, one of a long line of Airys who traced their descent back to a family of the same name residing at Kentmere, in Westmorland, in the 14th century. The branch to which he belonged, having suffered in the English Civil War, moved to Lincolnshire, Airy was educated first at elementary schools in Hereford, and afterwards at Colchester Royal Grammar School. An introverted child, Airy gained popularity with his schoolmates through his skill in the construction of peashooters. From the age of 13, Airy stayed frequently with his uncle, Arthur Biddell at Playford, Biddell introduced Airy to his friend Thomas Clarkson, the slave trade abolitionist who lived at Playford Hall. As a result, he entered Trinity in 1819, as a sizar, meaning that he paid a reduced fee, here he had a brilliant career, and seems to have been almost immediately recognised as the leading man of his year.
In 1822 he was elected scholar of Trinity, and in the year he graduated as senior wrangler. On 1 October 1824 he was elected fellow of Trinity, and this chair he held for little more than a year, being elected in February 1828 Plumian professor of astronomy and director of the new Cambridge Observatory. In 1836 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 1840, in 1859 he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. At the Cambridge Observatory Airy soon showed his power of organisation, the only telescope in the establishment when he took charge was the transit instrument, and to this he vigorously devoted himself. Before long a mural circle was installed, and regular observations were instituted with it in 1833, Airys writings during this time are divided between mathematical physics and astronomy. In 1831 the Copley Medal of the Royal Society was awarded to him for these researches. One of the sections of his able and instructive report was devoted to A Comparison of the Progress of Astronomy in England with that in other Countries and this reproach was subsequently to a great extent removed by his own labours.
One of the most remarkable of Airys researches was his determination of the density of the Earth. In 1826, the idea occurred to him of attacking this problem by means of experiments at the top. His first attempt, made in the year, at the Dolcoath mine in Cornwall. A second attempt in 1828 was defeated by a flooding of the mine, the experiments eventually took place at the Harton pit near South Shields in 1854.566. The currently accepted value for Earths density is 5.5153 g/cm³, in 1830, Airy calculated the lengths of the polar radius and equatorial radius of the earth using measurements taken in the UK
King's Hall, Cambridge
Kings Hall was once one of the constituent colleges of Cambridge, founded in 1317, the second after Peterhouse. Alan Cobban has identified John Hotham, Bishop of Ely, as the person who guided Edward II in this foundation and it received letters patent from Edward III in 1337. Kings Hall no longer exists, as it was combined with Michaelhouse in the mid 16th century by King Henry VIII, at the time, the King had been wiping out and seizing Church lands from abbeys and monasteries. It is thought that the King had great plans to create a college to rival Oxfords Christ Church with great new architecture, the layout of Great Court is mainly due to Thomas Nevile, a master of Trinity. g. University College, London to cater for dissenters, the universities used their contacts to plead with Henry VIIIs 6th wife, Catherine Parr. The Queen persuaded her not to close them down. This, combined with lands confiscated from the Church, caused Trinity to be the richest and biggest college, Kings Hall was located in what is now the northern section of the Great Court of Trinity College, and there still stands an original building from that time.
Unfortunately, the last buildings of Michaelhouse were recorded as being knocked down with the completion of the section of Great Court. A photo of Kings Hall Trinity College Official Site University of Cambridge Official Site
Trinity College Chapel, Cambridge
Trinity College Chapel is the chapel of Trinity College, Cambridge, a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. Part of a complex of Grade I listed buildings at Trinity and it is an Anglican church in the Anglo-Catholic tradition. The chapel was begun in 1554–55 by order of Queen Mary and was completed in 1567 by her half-sister, the architectural style is Tudor-Gothic, with Perpendicular tracery and pinnacles. The roof is of a style than the rest of the building, and may have been re-used from the chapel of King’s Hall. Only the walls and roof are of Tudor date, there are many memorials to former Fellows of Trinity within the Chapel, some statues, some brasses, including two memorials to Graduates and Fellows who died during both World Wars. There are several graves dating from earlier periods, the chapel has a fine organ, originally built by Father Smith in 1694, it was fully rebuilt in 1975. There are regular recitals on Sundays during term time, the Choir of Trinity College, Cambridge is composed of around thirty male and female Choral Scholars and two Organ Scholars, all of whom are undergraduates of the College.
Besides singing the liturgy in the chapel, the choir has a programme of performances. The current Director of Music is Stephen Layton, the Ascension Parish Burial Ground contains the graves or interred cremations of twenty-seven Fellows of Trinity College, including three Vice-Masters. The Dean of Chapel holds responsibility for the Chapel and the Clergy at Trinity
First and Third Trinity Boat Club
The First and Third Trinity Boat Club is the rowing club of Trinity College in Cambridge, England. The first boat club associated with Trinity was formed in 1825, membership of Third Trinity was originally confined to Old Etonians and Old Westminsters. Members of Third Trinity were allowed to be members of First or Second Trinity, the boat club gives its name to Trinity colleges May Ball, which is the oldest such event in Cambridge and originates from the clubs celebrations after the victories in the May Bumps. Indeed, in the 1849 Boat Race, all members of the crew were from Trinity, seven from Third Trinity and two, the cox included, from First Trinity. Boats from the three clubs could often be found at, or near, the top of the Bumps, in 1876 Second Trinity was disbanded due to insufficient members. Johns College is no longer allowed a club under its own name. However, a similar incident occurred in 1888,12 years after the dissolution of Second Trinity. In his History of the First Trinity Boat Club, Walter Rouse Ball notes, Clare bumped Queens, and drew into the bank by Grassy.
Behind these boats was the Trinity Hall third boat. This, instead of rounding First Post Corner, ran, by some mishap, across the river, the further races were at once stopped. Since this dreadful incident small india-rubber knobs have been fixed on the bows of all the racing boats, the more prosaic explanation for 2nd Trinitys demise is that membership was restricted to Theology scholars, which over time proved to be an unreliable source of oarsmen. In the twentieth century the clubs remained competitive and continued to achieve success in various events, the 2nd World War forced the 2 clubs to combine resources and after the war they formally merged in order to remain competitive with the now larger boat clubs of other colleges. In the same year First and Third won the Visitors Challenge Cup at the Henley Royal Regatta and they repeated this feat by winning the Ladies Plate again in 1954 and 1967 which was the last year that a college crew from either Cambridge or Oxford has won the event.
In spite of this, rowing within Cambridge remains popular and the Bumps, the Trinity Boat Club, the original rowing club of Trinity College, dates from 1825 and was usually called First Trinity Boat Club after 1833. It was open to all members of the College, in 1946, the club amalgamated with the other remaining boat club of the College, Third Trinity Boat Club, to form First and Third Trinity Boat Club, and in this form continues to compete today. The Club was very successful throughout its history, but especially in the 19th century and its early history is very well covered by Walter Rouse Balls 1908 book, A History of The First Trinity Boat Club, which is available online in its entirety. Of particular note is that in 1839 First Trinity won the Grand Challenge Cup in the first Henley Regatta. The crew rowed in a boat named the Black Prince, the bow section of which is owned by the First and Third Trinity Boat Club
Thomas Adams (priest)
Thomas Adams was an English clergyman and reputed preacher. He was called The Shakespeare of the Puritans by Robert Southey, while he was a Calvinist in theology, he is not, however and he was for a time at Willington and his works may have been read by John Bunyan. Much of the information about Adams comes from title-pages and dedications in his works and he was educated at the University of Cambridge, graduating B. A. in 1601 and M. A. in 1606. Ordained in 1604, he was a curate at Northill in Bedfordshire, by 1611, he was vicar of Willington. On 21 December 1614 he became vicar of Wingrave, from 1618 to 1623 he held the preachership of St Gregory by St Pauls, and during the same period preached occasionally at St. Pauls Cross and Whitehall. He was observant chaplain to Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, incidental references show that he was on intimate terms with William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke and Lord Ellesmere. Montagu was a dedicatee, as was Sir Henry Marten and he was buried on 26 November 1652.
Early sermons were Heaven and Earth Reconciled, and The Devils Banquet, to Montagu he dedicated a work in 1618. In 1629 he collected into a massive folio his occasional sermons, a collection he dedicated to the parishioners of St Benet Pauls Wharf, in 1638 appeared a long Commentary on the Second Epistle of St. Peter, dedicated to Sir Henrie Marten, Knt. Attribution This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Adams
Abdy was baptised on 18 May 1612, and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, to which he was admitted in 1629 as a Fellow Commoner. He became a member of Lincolns Inn in 1632, Abdy married Mary Corsellis on 1 February 1638 at St Peter Le Poer, London, by whom he had three children, James and Abigail. Abdy inherited the seat of Felix Hall, upon his fathers death in 1640. Mary died on 6 April 1645 and was buried at Kelvedon, on 16 January 1647, Sir Thomas made a second marriage, at St Bartholomew the Less, London, to Anne Soame, daughter of Sir Thomas Soame, an alderman of London. They had ten children, Thomas, Joanna, Anna, Judith and Elizabeth. In 1651, Abdy was named High Sheriff of Essex, but continued to prosper after the Restoration and he inherited the property of his cousin Sir Christopher Abdy of Uxbridge in 1679, the same year in which his wife Anne died, on 16 June 1679. Abdy died on 14 January 1686 and was buried at Theydon Garnons and his monument at Theydon Garnons was, designed by William Stanton.
Sir Anthony Abdy, 2nd Baronet was an English landowner, eldest surviving son of the 1st Baronet, baptized on 4 July 1655, he was educated, like his father, at Trinity College, to which he was admitted in 1672. Anthony succeeded to the baronetcy in 1686 on the death of his father and he was buried at Kelvedon, where his monument was designed by Edward Stanton, and was succeeded by his son Anthony Thomas in the baronetcy. Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy, 3rd Baronet, English lawyer and landowner, was the eldest surviving son of the 2nd Baronet, Abdy was admitted to Lincolns Inn on 9 October 1708. His first wife was Mary Gifford, by whom he had no children, by his third wife, a Miss Williams, he likewise had no male issue, and upon his death in 1733, was succeeded in the baronetcy by his brother William. Sir William Abdy, 4th Baronet, English landowner, was the surviving son of the 2nd Baronet. He succeeded to the baronetcy upon the death of his brother in 1733, on his own death in 1750, he was succeeded by his eldest son, Anthony Thomas.
Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy, 5th Baronet, KC, English lawyer and landowner, was the eldest son of the 4th Baronet and he became a kings counsel, and represented Knaresborough in the House of Commons from 1763 until his death in 1775. The baronetcy passed to his brother William, captain Sir William Abdy, 6th Baronet, English landowner and naval officer, was the third surviving son of the 4th Baronet. He became a captain in the Royal Navy before inheriting the baronetcy from his brother Sir Anthony in 1775 and he married Mary Gordon, by whom he had one son, William. Sir William Abdy, 7th Baronet, English landowner, was the son of the 6th Baronet. He was educated at Eton, and succeeded to the baronetcy in 1803, Abdy served in the militia and was an active magistrate for Surrey, and briefly served as a member of parliament