Category:American Indian reservations in Nevada
Pages in category "American Indian reservations in Nevada"
The following 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Indian reservation – Each of the 326 Indian reservations in the United States are associated with a particular Nation. Not all of the countrys 567 recognized tribes have a reservation—some tribes have more than one reservation, some share reservations and this jumble of private and public real estate creates significant administrative, political, and legal difficulties. The collective geographical area of all reservations is 56,200,000 acres, while most reservations are small compared to US states, there are 12 Indian reservations larger than the state of Rhode Island. The largest reservation, the Navajo Nation Reservation, is similar in size to West Virginia, Reservations are unevenly distributed throughout the country, the majority are west of the Mississippi River and occupy lands that were first reserved by treaty or granted from the public domain. Because tribes possess tribal sovereignty, even though it is limited and these laws can permit legal casinos on reservations, for example, which attract tourists. The tribal council, not the local or federal government, generally has jurisdiction over reservations, different reservations have different systems of government, which may or may not replicate the forms of government found outside the reservation. Most Native American reservations were established by the government, a limited number, mainly in the East. The name reservation comes from the conception of the Native American tribes as independent sovereigns at the time the U. S, the term remained in use even after the federal government began to forcibly relocate tribes to parcels of land to which they had no historical connection. A majority of Native Americans and Alaska Natives live somewhere other than the reservations, often in big cities such as Phoenix. In 2012, there were over 2.5 million Native Americans with about 1 million living on reservations, from the beginning of the European colonization of the Americas, Europeans often removed native peoples from lands they wished to occupy. The means varied, including voluntary moves based on agreement, treaties made under considerable duress, forceful ejection. The removal caused many problems such as tribes losing means of livelihood by being subjected to an area, farmers having inadmissible land for agriculture. In 1764 the “Plan for the Future Management of Indian Affairs” was proposed by the Board of Trade, additionally, this plan dictated that the Indians would be properly consulted when ascertaining and defining the boundaries of colonial settlement. For much of North America, the American Revolution was more of a battle against the Indians than a war against the British, the treaty was seen by Americans as a confirmation of their conquest of Indian land. The private contracts that once characterized the sale of Indian land to various individuals and this protocol was adopted by the United States Government after the America Revolution. On March 11,1824, John C. Calhoun founded the Office of Indian Affairs as a division of the United States Department of War, to solve the land problem with 38 treaties with American Indian tribes. The passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830 marked the systematization of a US federal government policy of forcibly moving Native populations away from European-populated areas, some of the lands these tribes were given to inhabit following the removals eventually became Indian Reservations. In 1851, the United States Congress passed the Indian Appropriations Act which authorized the creation of Indian reservations in modern-day Oklahoma, relations between settlers and natives had grown increasingly worse as the settlers encroached on territory and natural resources in the West
2. Nevada – Nevada is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 34th most populous, nearly three-quarters of Nevadas people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the states four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada is officially known as the Silver State because of the importance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the Battle Born State, because it achieved statehood during the Civil War, as the Sage-brush State, for the plant of the same name. Nevada borders Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, Nevada is largely desert and semi-arid, much of it located within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are located within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe, about 86% of the states land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U. S. federal government, both civilian and military. Before European contact, Native Americans of the Paiute, Shoshone, the first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish. They called the region Nevada because of the snow covered the mountains in winter. The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, the United States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the Mexican–American War, and it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in 1859 led to a boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31,1864, as the second of two added to the Union during the Civil War. Nevada has a reputation for its libertarian laws, in 1940, with a population of just over 110,000 people, Nevada was by far the least-populated state, with less than half the population of the next least-populated state. However, legalized gambling and lenient marriage and divorce laws transformed Nevada into a major tourist destination in the 20th century, Nevada is the only U. S. state where prostitution is legal, though it is illegal in Clark County, Washoe County and Carson City. The tourism industry remains Nevadas largest employer, with mining continuing as a sector of the economy. The name Nevada comes from the Spanish nevada, meaning snow-covered, most Nevadans pronounce the second syllable of their state name using the vowel of trap. Many from outside the Western United States pronounce it with the vowel of father, although the latter pronunciation is closer to the Spanish pronunciation, it is not the pronunciation preferred by most Nevadans. State Assemblyman Harry Mortenson proposed a bill to recognize the alternate pronunciation of Nevada, though the bill was not supported by most legislators, the Nevadan pronunciation is the de facto official one, since it is the one used by the state legislature. Nevada is almost entirely within the Basin and Range Province, and is broken up by many mountain ranges
3. Reno-Sparks Indian Colony – With its base in Reno, Nevada, the RSIC consists of 1,134 members from three Great Basin tribes, the Paiute, the Shoshone and the Washoe. In November 2016, the Barack Obama administration announced transfer of 13,400 acres of former Bureau of Land Management land to the Reno-Sparks Indian Colony and this was achieved under the Nevada Native Nations Lands Act. It authorized the transfer of more than 71,000 acres of BLM and this will provide the tribes with more sustainable bases for their peoples, as well as enlist other parties with an interest in conservation of animals and resources. The RSIC uses both traditional teachings and practices as well as contemporary business methods and governmental practices, the tribe employs more than 300 people, with around half of those being tribal members. The people who inhabited the Great Basin prior to the European invasion were the Numa or Numu, the Washeshu, the Newe, and the Nuwuvi. In each of these language, their autonyms meant “The People. ”Bands within these groups were often known by names that referred to their geographic location or characteristic foods. For example, the Agai Ticutta referred to the trout eaters near the Walker River, Today, The People continue to recognize their special place on Earth and all the life cycles. Traditionally, The People lived a well-planned, harmonious life which was predicated on their immediate surroundings, knowing what the land would offer was a matter of survival, thus The People’s migration patterns were strategic and well-thought-out. Living in cycles with the seasons, the Numu occupied the now known as Western Nevada, Eastern Nevada, Eastern Oregon. The Washeshu gathered annually at Lake Tahoe and dispersed for several hundred throughout the remainder of the year. The Newe were found in what is today called Eastern Nevada, Utah, the Nuwuvi inhabited the Colorado River Basin, where they cultivated corn, squash, and beans, and wheat. Each group believed that the animals of the Great Basin, on which they depended for many for food, also gave insight to creation, Each group spoke a different language, Washo is a Hokoan derivative, and the other dialects are of Uto-Aztecan origin. They lived in peace with other tribes, as all had territory for procuring resources. Much trade and commerce occurred among the inhabitants of the entire continent. Conflicts occurred when a group raided or confiscated the resources of another group, archeological evidence places the earliest residents of Nevada as living here about 10,000 years ago. In 1994, the Nevada State Museum carbon-dated remains which were unearthed in 1940 near Fallon, according to modern science, the burial remains of “Spirit Cave Man” prove that he lived in the area more than 9,400 years ago. S. From 1492-1828, or during the Colonial Period, Indians were dealt with as sovereign nations, many treaties and agreements were negotiated with France and England, as these countries recognized that the Indians had their own form of government, their own leaders, and their own homelands. Around 1830, the Spanish Trail opened in southern Nevada and explorers and trappers made their way into the arid landscape, in the beginning, many tribal groups were curious about these newcomers and The People attempted to establish relationships with them
4. Moapa River Indian Reservation – Moapa River Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation located northeast of Las Vegas, near Moapa. It is the land-base for the Moapa Band of Paiute Indians, Moapa River Indian Reservation consists of 71,954 acres. As of the census of 2010, the population was 238, the reservation is crossed from northeast to southwest by the I-15 highway. In the southeast, it is adjacent to Valley of Fire State Park, in particular, Exit 75 of the highway and the local road leading to the west park entrance, down to the entrance, belong to the reservation. US Census Bureau Tract Map for T2315 - Moapa River Indian Reservation
5. Duck Valley Indian Reservation – The Duck Valley Indian Reservation was established in the 19th century for the federally recognized Shoshone-Paiute Tribe. It is isolated in the desert of the western United States, and lies directly on the state line. The total land area is 450.391 square miles, a resident population of 1,265 persons was reported in the 2000 census, more than 80 percent of whom lived on the Nevada side. In October 2016 the Nevada Native Nations Land Act was passed to put Bureau of Land Management, the Shoshone-Paiute Tribe will have 82 acres of Forest Service land added to their reservation. Some other tribes are receiving thousands of acres of trust lands, gaming is prohibited on the new lands. The only significant community on the reservation is Owyhee, Nevada, Owyhee is nearly equidistant from the two nearest major cities,98 miles north of Elko, Nevada, the county seat of the county by that name, and 97 miles south of Mountain Home, Idaho. On April 16,1877, President Rutherford B. Hayes established the Duck Valley Western Shoshone Reservation by Executive Order, the bands chiefs successfully resisted these efforts to be displaced from their lands. Meanwhile, the Northern Paiute band joined with another branch of Shoshone in the Bannock War of 1878, survivors were sent to a prisoner-of-war camp at the Yakama Indian Reservation in Yakima County, Washington. Upon their release, the Northern Paiute returned to the Duck Valley, President Grover Cleveland expanded the reservation by Executive Order on May 4,1886 to accommodate the Paiute. President William Howard Taft expanded the reservation to its current size by Executive Order on July 1,1910 and it was unusual to have two federal government actions to enlarge the reservation after it was established, most federal actions have been taken to reduce the size of Indian reservations. The Shoshone-Paiute Tribe of Duck Valley is one of five federally recognized tribes in the state of Idaho, the others are the Coeur dAlene, Kootenai Tribe of Idaho, Nez Perce, and Shoshone-Bannock. It is one of several federally recognized tribes in Nevada, some of which include other Shoshone,1979, water rights activist and wife of American Indian Movement chairman, John Trudell, 1972-1979. - Idaho State Highway 51 heads north to Bruneau and on to Mountain Home, - Nevada State Route 225 heads south to Elko and Interstate 80 Duck Valley Shoshone-Paiute Tribes Duck Valley Indian Reservation, Idaho/Nevada United States Census Bureau
6. Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribe – The reservation has 16,354 acres in Nevada and 19,000 acres in Oregon. Peoples from these two tribes have also lived in what is now defined as southwestern Idaho. They are close culturally and linguistically to the Bannock and various other Shoshone-language peoples, Peoples of these tribes are members of other federally recognized tribes in Nevada and Idaho. Gaming is prohibited on the new lands, just to the east is southwestern Idaho. Originally the fort was established to protect the route from Virginia City through Winnemucca, Nevada to Silver City, Idaho Territory. It was named after Lt. Col. Charles McDermit, commander of the Military District of Nevada, the Paiute had traditional territory ranging from the Southwest up into Nevada, Oregon and southwestern Idaho. The Paiute in this became known as the Northern Paiute. They are related culturally and linguistically to the Shoshone, Bannock, when the military outpost was closed in 1889, the Military Reservation was adapted as the Fort McDermitt Indian Agency. Northern Paiute and Shoshone were settled here, in 1936 the federal government established an Indian reservation to support the tribes organizing as the Paiute and Shoshone Tribe under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. They had to give up their traditional, hereditary chiefs as leaders in favor of an elected, the reservation was established with 16,354 acres in Nevada and 19,000 acres in Oregon, mostly areas of arid land. Gaming is prohibited on these new lands and this was done under the Nevada Native Nations Land Act. The Tribes drafted a Constitution and Bylaws and it also had a Corporate Charter On May 6,1936 the new Constitution, ByLaws and Corporate Charter was approved by 54 of 65 available voters. The government has a chairman and an elected eight-member Tribal Council. As of the 2010 census,313 Native Americans lived on the reservation, with 42 enrolled members living in nearby McDermitt, more tribal members than enrolled tribal members live on the Reservation. The Tribes Constitution and laws have some conflicting definitions of tribal members, thus the people do not need to be enrolled citizens to be considered members. The Constitution and ByLaws allow the Tribal Council to enroll two classes of People, see id, the confusion was created in the 1980s. The ordinance did not address conflicts with standing definitions of members, the tribe speaks the Northern Paiute language, also known as Paviotso, which is a Western Numic language. Fort McDermitt has the greatest concentration of Northern Paiute speakers among the locations where they live
7. Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation – The Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation is a United States reservation in northwestern Nevada ~approximately 35 miles northeast of Reno, in Washoe, Storey, and Lyon counties. It is governed by the federally recognized Pyramid Lake band Paiute tribe, the reservation lies almost entirely in Washoe County, with small amounts of land in the other two counties. In 1993, the population of the reservation was 1,603 individuals, at that time there were 2,253 enrolled members of the tribe. The 2000 census reported a population of 1,734 on the reservation, together with the Walker River Paiute tribe, in 2016 the Pyramid Lake band successfully sued in federal court in a civil rights case to force the state to provide polling places on the reservation. Otherwise members had to many miles to reach a polling place. Early voting at Pyramid Lake reservation started October 22, and during the first two days, the number of voters was double that in the 2012 presidential election. In October 2016, under the Nevada Native Nations Land Act, the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe is to receive approximately 6,357 acres of Bureau of Land Management land. Gaming is prohibited on the new lands, the reservation has 742.2 sq mi in land area, and includes all of Pyramid Lake, and all of the Truckee River from the Big Bend north. The reservation is centered on Pyramid Lake, which comprises 25% of the reservations area, the reservation also includes a sliver of Winnemucca Lake, most of the Lake Range, portions of the Virginia Mountains and Pah Rah Range, and the southern end of the Smoke Creek Desert. Three communities have developed on the reservation, Wadsworth, the largest, is located near the Big Bend of the Truckee at the southern end of the reservation, just north of the non-reservation town of Fernley. The seat of government is located at Nixon, at the southern end of Pyramid Lake. Sutcliffe is located on the shore of the lake. A few outlying ranches are located along the Truckee River between Wadsworth and Nixon, the reservation land was first set aside for the Northern Paiute by request of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1859. The reservation was not surveyed until 1865, the status of the reservation was very uncertain until President Ulysses S. Grant affirmed its existence by executive order on March 23,1874. At that time the creation of reservations by the branch was novel. Subsequent court decisions have affirmed the validity of reservations created by the executive branch and this earlier date is important both with regards to the priority date of tribal water rights, and the status of non-tribal claims to land within the reservation. The tribe has fought a series of legal battles on both these issues. The Northern Paiute were awarded a settlement in their lands claim case in 1968 and these transfers will expand their reservations and make their bases more sustainable
8. Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California – The Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California are a federally recognized tribe of Washoe Indians, living in California and Nevada. They are several communities south and east of Lake Tahoe united under a tribal council, the tribe owns over 64,300 acres in different parcels. The tribe is headquartered in Gardnerville, Nevada and governed by a democratically elected tribal council and chairman. This colony is located in Carson City, Nevada and owns a gymnasium for recreation, youth programs and this is the largest Washoe community in population. 348 members lived there in 1991 and it is located on 90 acres in Gardnerville near the Gardnerville Ranchos. Most of the public buildings are here, including a community center, gymnasium. Located at the side of Carson City, this community was established in 1890, has 2,960 acres. They have the Stewart Community Center and their five community representatives are chaired by Wanda Batchelor. This 95-acre ranch in Carson Valley was purchased by the tribe in 1938 and 1940, there the tribe collectively raised hogs, sheep, and a herd of dairy cows. When farm production decreased in the 1950s, the land was leased to non-Native farmers. The only community in California, Woodfords Community is located near Markleeville and they have the Woodfords Indian Education Center and a community center. Their five community representatives are chaired by DeAnn Roberts, established in 1970, the 80-acre community had 338 resident members in 1991. As of the 2010 Census the population was 214, the California Gold Rush brought an influx of European-American settlers in the mid-19th century. Calls for the establishment of a Washoe reservation and compensation for lost resources, the better lands were taken by non-Indians. In the early 20th century, Washoes worked as ranch hands, as workers, domestic servants. Cattle ranchers leased Washoe land for minimal amounts of money, in 1917, the US government, despite local protest, purchased a tract of land for the Washoe, that became the Carson Colony. A rancher donated 40 acres, also in 1917, that became the Dresslerville Colony, the novel Rabbit Boss by Thomas Sanchez depicts the evolving circumstances of tribal members over a 100-year span ending in the mid-20th century. Under the Indian Reorganization Act, the colonies in the Carson Valley area wrote a new constitution and by-laws and they gained federal recognition on January 24,1936