Category:American aerospace businesspeople
Pages in category "American aerospace businesspeople"
The following 35 pages are in this category, out of 35 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 35 pages are in this category, out of 35 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Paul Allen – Paul Gardner Allen is an American business magnate, investor and philanthropist. He is best known as the co-founder of Microsoft, alongside Bill Gates, as of August 2016, he was estimated to be the 40th richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of $18.6 billion. Allen is the founder and Chairman of Vulcan Inc. which manages his various business, Allen also has a multibillion-dollar investment portfolio including technology and media companies, real estate holdings, and stakes in other companies. He owns two sports teams, the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League and the Portland Trail Blazers of the National Basketball Association. He is also part-owner of the Seattle Sounders FC, which joined Major League Soccer in 2009 and he is also the founder of Allen Institute for Brain Science, Institute for Artificial Intelligence, Institute for Cell Science, and Vulcan Aerospace. Paul Allen was born on January 21,1953 in Seattle, Washington to Kenneth Sam Allen, Allen attended Lakeside School, a private school in Seattle, where he befriended Bill Gates, three years younger, with whom he shared an enthusiasm for computers. They used Lakesides Teletype terminal to develop their skills on several time-sharing computer systems. Allen later convinced Gates to drop out of Harvard University in order to create Microsoft, Gates explained his official status with Harvard that. if things hadnt worked out, I could always go back to school. In Albuquerque, New Mexico, Paul Allen with his friend Bill Gates, in 1975, Allen came up with the original name of Micro-Soft, as recounted in a 1995 Fortune magazine article. As a result of this transaction, Microsoft was able to secure a contract to supply the DOS that would run on IBMs PC line. This contract with IBM was the watershed in Microsoft history that led to Allens and Gates wealth, Allen effectively left Microsoft in 1982 due to serious illness. Vulcan Capital is an investment-arm of Allens Seattle-based Vulcan Inc. which manages his personal fortune, in 2013, Allen opened a new Vulcan Capital office in Palo Alto, California to focus on making new investments in emerging technology and internet companies. Recent investments include Redfin, Decide. com and Audience Inc, patents, Paul Allen holds 43 patents from the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The startup behind the mobile app Saga, SportStream, an app for sports fans. Ticketmaster, In 1993, Paul Allen invested $243 million to acquire 80% of Ticketmaster, in 1997, Home Shopping Network acquired 47. 5% of Allens stock in exchange for $209 million worth of their own stock. Allen confirmed that he was the investor behind Burt Rutans Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne suborbital commercial spacecraft on October 4,2004. SpaceShipOne climbed to an altitude of 377,591 feet and was the first privately funded effort to put a civilian in suborbital space. It won the Ansari X Prize competition and received the $10 million prize, on December 13,2011, Allen announced the creation of Stratolaunch SystemsPaul Allen – Paul G. Allen at Flying Heritage Collection, April 2013
2. Neil Armstrong – Neil Alden Armstrong was an American astronaut and the first person to walk on the Moon. He was also an engineer, naval aviator, test pilot. Before becoming an astronaut, Armstrong was an officer in the U. S. Navy and he later completed graduate studies at the University of Southern California. A participant in the U. S. Air Forces Man in Space Soonest and X-20 Dyna-Soar human spaceflight programs and he made his first space flight as command pilot of Gemini 8 in March 1966, becoming NASAs first civilian astronaut to fly in space. He performed the first docking of two spacecraft, with pilot David Scott and this mission was aborted after Armstrong used some of his reentry control fuel to prevent a dangerous spin caused by a stuck thruster, in the first in-flight space emergency. Armstrongs second and last spaceflight was as commander of Apollo 11, along with Collins and Aldrin, Armstrong was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Richard Nixon. President Jimmy Carter presented Armstrong the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in 1978, Armstrong and his former crewmates received the Congressional Gold Medal in 2009. Armstrong died in Cincinnati, Ohio on August 25,2012, at the age of 82, Armstrong was born on August 5,1930 near Wapakoneta, Ohio, the son of Stephen Koenig Armstrong and Viola Louise Engel. He was of German, Irish, and Scottish ancestry, and had a sister, June. His father worked as an auditor for the Ohio state government, Armstrongs love for flying grew during this time, having gotten off to an early start when his father took his two-year-old son to the Cleveland Air Races. When he was five, he experienced his first airplane flight in Warren, Ohio on July 20,1936 when he and his father took a ride in a Ford Trimotor and his fathers last move was in 1944, back to Wapakoneta. Armstrong attended Blume High School and took flying lessons at the grassy Wapakoneta airfield and he earned a student flight certificate on his 16th birthday, then soloed later in August, all before he had a drivers license. Armstrong was active in the Boy Scouts and earned the rank of Eagle Scout, as an adult, he was recognized by the Boy Scouts of America with its Distinguished Eagle Scout Award and Silver Buffalo Award. Houston replied, Thank you, Apollo 11, Im sure that, if they didnt hear that, theyll get the word through the news. Among the very few items that Neil Armstrong carried with him to the Moon. In 1947, at age 17, Armstrong began studying engineering at Purdue University. He was the person in his family to attend college. He was also accepted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the only engineer he knew dissuaded him from attending, telling Armstrong that it was not necessary to go all the way to Cambridge, Massachusetts, for a good educationNeil Armstrong – Armstrong in July 1969
3. Norman R. Augustine – Norman Ralph Augustine is a U. S. aerospace businessman who served as Under Secretary of the Army from 1975 to 1977. Augustine served as chairman of the Review of United States Human Space Flight Plans Committee, Augustine was raised in Colorado and attended Princeton University, where he graduated with a BSE in Aeronautical Engineering, magna cum laude, and an MSE. He was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, Tau Beta Pi, in 1958 he joined the Douglas Aircraft Company in California, where he worked as a research engineer, program manager and chief engineer. Beginning in 1965, he served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense as Assistant Director of Defense Research and he joined LTV Missiles and Space Company in 1970, serving as vice president of advanced programs and marketing. In 1973 he returned to the government as Assistant Secretary of the Army and in 1975 became Under Secretary of the Army, and later Acting Secretary of the Army. Joining Martin Marietta Corporation in 1977 as vice president of operations, he was elected as CEO in 1987 and chairman in 1988, having previously been president. In 1990, he chaired the Advisory Committee on the Future of the U. S, Space Program, known as the Augustine Committee. He served as president of the Lockheed Martin Corporation upon the formation of that company in 1995, and became CEO later that year. He retired as chairman and CEO of Lockheed Martin in August 1997, in 1999 he helped found In-Q-Tel, a venture capital firm sponsored by the CIA with a mandate to support United States intelligence by investing in advanced technology. He is a president of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He is a member of the board of directors of ConocoPhillips, Black & Decker, Procter & Gamble and Lockheed Martin. He is a regent of the University System of Maryland, trustee emeritus of Johns Hopkins and he is a member of the guiding coalition of the Project on National Security Reform. He is a member of the American Philosophical Society, the National Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Explorers Club. In May 2009 Augustine was named as chairman of the Review of United States Human Space Flight Plans Committee, in March 2011 Augustine agreed to serve as chair of the U. S. Antarctic Program Blue Ribbon Panel to assess U. S. activities in the South Pole. He currently sits on the America Abroad Media advisory board, Augustine has been presented the National Medal of Technology by the President of the United States and received the Joint Chiefs of Staff Distinguished Public Service Award. He has five times received the Department of Defenses highest civilian decoration and he is co-author of The Defense Revolution and Shakespeare In Charge and author of Augustines Laws and Augustine’s Travels. He holds 34 honorary degrees and was selected by Who’s Who in America and he has traveled in over 124 countries and stood on both the North and South Poles of the earth. Hill Lifetime Space Achievement Award in 2002Norman R. Augustine – Norman Augustine, chair of the Human Space Flight Review Committee, at the Carnegie Institution in Washington.
4. Robert Bigelow – Robert T. Bigelow is an American businessman. He owns the hotel chain Budget Suites of America and is the founder of Bigelow Aerospace, until then, he would tell no one—not even his wife—about his ultimate goal. He entered the University of Nevada, Reno in 1962 to study banking and real estate, for most of his career, he held on to almost everything he bought, but. Eventually unload much of his stock in the boom years immediately before the 2008 crash. In 2013, Bigelow reflected on this, People just really wanted to throw money away, Bigelow has indicated that he plans to spend up to US$500 million to develop the first commercial space station, the amount that NASA expended on a single space shuttle mission. Bigelow Aerospace has launched two experimental modules, Genesis I and Genesis II, and has plans for full-scale manned space habitats to be used as orbital hotels, research labs. Bigelows BEAM module was launched to the International Space Station on April 8,2016, in 2013, Bigelow indicated that the reason he went into the commercial real estate business was to obtain the requisite resources to be able to fund a team developing space destinations. Robert Bigelow aims high—a private fleet of space taxisRobert Bigelow – Robert Bigelow
5. William Boeing – William Edward Boeing was an American aviation pioneer who founded The Boeing Company. Boeing was born in Detroit, Michigan, to Catholic parents, Marie M. from Vienna, Austria, and Wilhelm Böing, Boeing Sr. had made a fortune from timber lands and mineral rights near Lake Superior. He moved to Hoquiam, Washington state, and purchased extensive timberlands around Grays Harbor on the Pacific side of the Olympic Peninsula and also bought into lumber operations. He made a success of the venture, in part by shipping lumber to the East Coast via the new Panama Canal, Boeing decided to take lessons at the Glenn L. Martin Flying School in Los Angeles and he purchased one of Martins planes. Martin pilot James Floyd Smith traveled to Seattle to assemble Boeings new Martin TA hydroaeroplane, huge crates arrived by train, and Smith assembled the plane in a tent hangar erected on the shore of Lake Union. Boeings test pilot, Herb Munter, soon cracked up the plane, when he was told by Martin that replacement parts would not become available for months, Boeing told his friend Cdr. George Conrad Westervelt, We could build a better plane ourselves and they soon built and flew the B & W Seaplane, an amphibian biplane that had outstanding performance. Boeing decided to go into the business and bought an old boat works on the Duwamish River near Seattle for his factory. In 1916, Boeing went into business with George Conrad Westervelt as B & W, the companys first plane was the Boeing Model 1. In 1921, William Boeing married Bertha Marie Potter Paschall and she had previously been married to Nathaniel Paschall, a real estate broker with whom she bore two sons, Nathaniel Nat Paschall Jr. and Cranston Paschall. These two sons became Boeings stepsons, the couple had a son of their own, William E. The stepsons went into manufacturing as a career. Nat Paschall was a manager for Douglas Aircraft and then McDonnell Douglas. Boeing Jr. became a private pilot and industrial real estate developer. Bertha Potter Paschall Boeing was the daughter of Howard Cranston Potter, in 1934, the United States government accused William Boeing of monopolistic practices. The same year, the Air Mail Act forced airplane companies to separate operations from development. Boeing Airplane Company, though a major manufacturer in a fragmented industry, non-whites could only occupy a property on the land if they were employed as a domestic servant by a person of the White or Caucasian race. Boeing retired from the aircraft industry and he then spent the remainder of his years in property development and thoroughbred horse breedingWilliam Boeing – Boeing in 1929
6. Sherman Fairchild – Sherman Mills Fairchild was an American businessman, investor and inventor. He founded over 70 companies, including Fairchild Aircraft, Fairchild Industries, Fairchild Aviation Corporation, Fairchild made significant contributions to the aviation industry and was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1979. His Fairchild Camera & Instrument Corporation, Semiconductor Division company played a role in the development of Silicon Valley. He held over 30 patents for products ranging from the semiconductor to the 8-mm. Fairchild is also responsible for inventing the first synchronized camera shutter, born in Oneonta, New York, Sherman Fairchild was the only child of George Winthrop Fairchild and Josephine Mills Sherman. His father was a Republican Congressman as well as a co-founder and his mother was the daughter of William Sherman, of Davenport, Iowa. His father died on December 31,1924, and as a child he inherited his fathers multimillion-dollar estate. He also inherited his fathers IBM stock, becoming IBMs largest individual stockholder until his death in 1971, during these college years he also contracted tuberculosis and under the advice of his physician, moved to Arizona to recover in the drier climate. He then transferred to the University of Arizona, where he became interested in photography. He would later transfer to Columbia University in New York, due to his ongoing medical problems, Fairchild did not earn a degree from any of these schools. Instead he pursued his desire to become an entrepreneur, having never been married or having any children, he spent his time exploring a variety of interests. Aside from maintaining his companies, he enjoyed architecture, cooking, jazz, dancing, philosophy and he always kept an eye out for opportunities to create or improve upon existing technology or capabilities. In 1917, after being rejected from the military because of his poor health Fairchild was determined to find way to support the World War I effort. Fairchild and his father went to Washington and won a government contract to develop an aerial camera. The camera featured a shutter that was inside the lens, thereby reducing the significant image distortion caused by the shutter speeds that could not keep up with the movement of the plane. The U. S. government gave Fairchild a budget of $7,000, although the military did not accept his camera until the war effort was over, the U. S. government did purchase two cameras for training. Undeterred, Fairchild went on to focus his attention on developing a more advanced camera, shortly thereafter the U. S. Army ordered 20 additional Fairchild cameras and selected it as the standard for aerial cameras. The need for Fairchilds aerial cameras continued to grow, during World War II over 90% of all cameras used by Allied Forces were of Fairchild design or manufactureSherman Fairchild – Main Street Oneonta, New York 1909
7. Steve Fossett – James Stephen Steve Fossett was an American businessman and a record-setting aviator, sailor, and adventurer. He was the first person to fly solo nonstop around the world in a balloon, a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and the Explorers Club, Fossett set more than one hundred records in five different sports, sixty of which still stood at the time of his death. Fossett disappeared on September 3,2007, while flying an aircraft over the Great Basin Desert. Extensive searches proved unsuccessful, and he was declared dead in February of the following year. In September 2008, a hiker found Fossetts identification cards in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, Fossetts only remains, two large bones, were found half a mile from the crash site, probably scattered by wild animals. Fossett was born in Jackson, Tennessee and grew up in Garden Grove, California, Fossetts interest in adventure began early. As a Boy Scout, he grew up climbing the mountains of California, when I was 12 years old I climbed my first mountain, and I just kept going, taking on more diverse and grander projects. Fossett said that he did not have a gift for athletics or team sports. His father, an Eagle Scout, encouraged Fossett to pursue these types of adventures and he became an active member of Troop 170 in Orange, California. At age 13, Fossett earned the Boy Scouts highest rank of Eagle Scout and he was a Vigil Honor member of the Order of the Arrow, the Boy Scouts honor society, where he served as lodge chief. He also worked as a Ranger at Philmont Scout Ranch in New Mexico during the summer of 1961, Fossett said in 2006 that Scouting was the most important activity of his youth. He made the swim, but was thwarted by a security guard when he arrived, while at Stanford, Fossett was a student body officer and served as the president of a few clubs. In 1966, Fossett graduated from Stanford with a degree in economics, Fossett spent the following summer in Europe climbing mountains and swimming the Dardanelles. In 1968, Fossett received an MBA from the Olin School of Business at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, where he was later a longtime member of the Board of Trustees. Fossetts first job out of school was with IBM, he then served as a consultant for Deloitte and Touche. Fossett later said, For the first five years of my business career, I was distracted by being in computer systems, and then I became interested in financial markets. Fossett then became a successful salesman in Chicago, first for Merrill Lynch in 1973, where he proved a highly successful producer of commission revenue for himself. In 1980, Fossett began the process that produced his enduring prosperity, renting exchange memberships to would-be floor tradersSteve Fossett – Fossett in 2006
8. Jeff Greason – Jeff Greason is the CEO and Co-Founder of Agile Aero, Inc. a company targeting rapid prototyping capabilities for aerospace vehicles. He is one of the founders of XCOR Aerospace and was its CEO from 1999 through February 2015 and he was a member of the XCOR Board of Directors until he resigned in March 2016 and no longer has any connection with XCOR Aerospace. Greason has been active in the development of the environment for the commercial space flight industry. He was one of the leaders of the development of the Commercial Space Launch Amendment Act of 2004 and he co-founded the Commercial Spaceflight Federation. Previously, he was the lead at Rotary Rocket for engine development. Greason was named a member of the Review of United States Human Space Flight Plans Committee on May 7,2009, since then he has given a number of speeches on space policy and space settlement. Time magazine named Greason an Inventor of the Year in 2002 for his team’s work on the EZ-Rocket, Human Space Flight Plans Committee website Agile Aero official bio 2014 Address to INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM FOR PERSONAL AND COMMERCIAL SPACEFLIGHTJeff Greason
9. Howard Hughes – Howard Robard Hughes Jr. was an American businessman, investor, pilot, film director, and philanthropist, known during his lifetime as one of the most financially successful individuals in the world. He first made a name for himself as a film producer, later in life, he became known for his eccentric behavior and reclusive lifestyle, oddities that were caused in part by a worsening obsessive–compulsive disorder and chronic pain from a plane crash. As a maverick film tycoon, Hughes gained prominence in Hollywood beginning in the late 1920s, when he made big-budget and often controversial films like The Racket, Hells Angels, later he controlled the RKO film studio. Hughes formed the Hughes Aircraft Company in 1932, hiring numerous engineers and designers and he spent the rest of the 1930s setting multiple world air speed records and building the Hughes H-1 Racer and H-4 Hercules. He acquired and expanded Trans World Airlines and later acquired Air West, Hughes was included in Flying Magazines list of the 51 Heroes of Aviation, ranked at No.25. Today, his legacy is maintained through the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the birthplace of Howard Hughes is recorded as either Humble or Houston, Texas. The date remains uncertain due to conflicting dates from various sources and he repeatedly claimed that his birthday was on Christmas Eve. A1941 affidavit birth certificate of Hughes that was signed by his aunt Annette Gano Lummis and Estelle Boughton Sharp states that he was born on December 24,1905, in Harris County, Texas. Hughes was the son of Allene Stone Gano and Howard R. Hughes Sr. a successful inventor and he was of English, and some French Huguenot, ancestry, and was a descendant of John Gano, a minister who allegedly baptized George Washington. His father had patented the two-cone roller bit, which allowed rotary drilling for petroleum in previously inaccessible places, the senior Hughes made the shrewd and lucrative decision to commercialize the invention by leasing the bits instead of selling them, and founded the Hughes Tool Company in 1909. Hughes uncle was the famed novelist, screenwriter, and film director Rupert Hughes, at a young age, Hughes demonstrated interest in science and technology. In particular, he had great engineering aptitude and built Houstons first wireless radio transmitter at age 11 and he went on to be one of the first licensed ham radio operators in Houston, having the assigned callsign W5CY. At 12, Hughes was photographed in the newspaper, identified as being the first boy in Houston to have a motorized bicycle. He was an indifferent student, with a liking for mathematics, flying and he took his first flying lesson at 14, and later attended math and aeronautical engineering courses at Caltech. The red brick house where Hughes lived as a teenager at 3921 Yoakum St. Houston today serves as the headquarters of the Theology Department of the University of St. Thomas and his mother Allene died in March 1922 from complications of an ectopic pregnancy. Howard Hughes Sr. died of an attack in 1924. Their deaths apparently inspired Hughes to include the creation of a research laboratory in the will that he signed in 1925 at age 19. Howard Sr. s will had not been updated since Allenes death, on his 19th birthday, Hughes was declared an emancipated minor, enabling him to take full control of his lifeHoward Hughes – Howard Hughes in February 1938
10. Neel Kashkari – Neel Tushar Kashkari is an American banker and politician who is President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. A Republican, he ran for Governor of California in the 2014 election and he was named the new president of the Minneapolis Federal Reserve November 10,2015, succeeding Narayana Kocherlakota who announced his resignation in June. Minneapolis, which was last an FOMC voting member in 2014, born and raised in Ohio and educated at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Kashkari worked initially as an aerospace engineer. After attending business school at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, he became an investment banker, when Henry Paulson, the former head of Goldman, was appointed Secretary of the Treasury in 2006, he brought Kashkari on as an aide. Kashkari was eventually named Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for International Economics, at Treasury, he played a number of roles in the response to the financial crisis and the subprime mortgage crisis that preceded it, most notably administering the TARP. Kashkari left government and began working for Pimco in 2009, leading that companys push into the equities market, in January 2013 he resigned from Pimco to explore a run for public office. One year later, he announced his candidacy for Governor of California and he came in second in Californias nonpartisan blanket primary but lost the general election to incumbent governor Jerry Brown. Kashkari was born on July 30,1973, in Akron, Ohio, to Sheila Kashkari, a pathologist at Akron City Hospital, and Chaman Kashkari, a professor of electrical engineering at the University of Akron. His parents are Kashmiri Pandits who were born and raised in Srinagar in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir and they settled in Stow, a suburb of Akron, where Neel Kashkari grew up. His parents were known within the local community of Indian Hindus. His older sister, Meera Kashkari Kelley, is a physician specializing in infectious diseases, growing up, Neels parents and sister were liberal, but his free-market views led him to identify more with the Republican Party. Kashkari attended Stow–Munroe Falls schools before transferring to the Western Reserve Academy, in high school, he played football, wrestled, and appeared in musical theater. He graduated in 1991 with honors in Mathematics and was elected graduation speaker, in 2009, he described his high school grades as not good enough to apply to top-tier universities. Kashkari earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees in engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. He was the leader for the mechanical engineering component of the schools entry in the 1997 Sunrayce. After completing his masters degree, Kashkari moved to Redondo Beach, California, there he worked on the James Webb Space Telescope, developing a component meant to reduce vibrations and keep the telescope steady after being deployed. Kashkari left TRW to enter the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, at Wharton he was president of the Finance Club and organized the annual Wharton Finance Conference. Kashkari interned at the investment bank Goldman Sachs during the summer between his two years at WhartonNeel Kashkari – Neel Kashkari
11. Klapmeier brothers – The Klapmeier brothers, Alan Lee Klapmeier and Dale Edward Klapmeier, are American aircraft designers and aviation entrepreneurs who together founded the Cirrus Aircraft Corporation in 1984. The device is attributed with saving over 130 lives to date, Cirrus was also the first to use all-composite airframe construction and glass panel cockpits on production aircraft, which many say revolutionized general aviation for light aircraft pilots. The Klapmeier brothers were inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame on 4 October 2014 in Dayton, the brothers started Cirrus in the basement of their parents rural dairy barn near Baraboo, Wisconsin. Their first design, the VK-30 homebuilt aircraft, had its flight on 11 February 1988. Alan left Cirrus in 2009 and became CEO of Kestrel Aircraft in 2010, Dale has remained at Cirrus serving as the companys CEO since 2011. Alan and Dale Klapmeier grew up in DeKalb, Illinois and their parents bought a second home in the early 1970s on a small farm near Baraboo, Wisconsin. The brothers constantly built model airplanes as infants and Dale was known to pester their father into letting them build real ones. When Dale reached the age of 15, he learned to fly in a Cessna 140 before learning to drive a car, while still in high school, Alan joined the Civil Air Patrol at age 17 as a way of getting cheaper flying lessons. Alan and Dale are two of three born to Larry and Carol Klapmeier. They come from an entrepreneurial family, Larry and Carol were also entrepreneurs who founded a successful nursing home near Chicago, of which the three brothers worked at as kids doing janitorial chores during the 1960s and 1970s. Alan graduated in 1980 from Wisconsins Ripon College with degrees in Physics and Economics, while a senior there in 1979, he began developing sketches of an airplane that would become the Cirrus VK-30. Dale graduated in 1983 from University of Wisconsin—Stevens Point with degrees in Business Administration, in 1979, Dale discovered a wrecked 1960 Champion 7-GC flipped over and abandoned at an airport in northern Wisconsin. The brothers then bought the plane from its owner with the little money they had. Once they formed the company, the Klapmeiers called upon Alans old college roommate, Jeff Viken, to help out with their new design, Viken was an aeronautical engineer who eventually married another aeronautical engineer, Sally Viken, and the unpaid Cirrus staff grew to four volunteers. The Cirrus VK-30 was a four to five-seat composite pusher with conventional wings, Alan and Dale moved into the family farmhouse to be closer to the project, and began work on the airplane in the basement of the barn down where the cows were. They all pitched in with the designing and balanced that with hands-on labor, Jeff designed the airfoil while Sally designed the flap system. The four of them would finish designing a part or a system, build it, experimental aircraft innovator Moulton Taylor gave the Klapmeiers and Vikens technical advice surrounding the VK-30. The first VK-30 slowly took shape, in 1985, near the Sauk-Prairie airport shortly after takeoff, Alan was involved in a fatal mid-air collision where his airplane lost a portion of its wing, including half of the aileronKlapmeier brothers – Dale Klapmeier (left) and Alan Klapmeier (right) speaking at the 2008 EAA AirVenture Oshkosh
12. James Smith McDonnell – James Smith Mac McDonnell was an American aviator, engineer, and businessman. He was a pioneer and founder of McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, later McDonnell Douglas. Born in Denver, Colorado, McDonnell was raised in Little Rock, Arkansas and he was a graduate of Princeton University class of 1921, and earned a Masters of Science in Aeronautical Engineering from MIT in 1925. While attending MIT he joined the Delta Upsilon Fraternity, after graduating from MIT, he was hired by Tom Towle for the Stout Metal Airplane Division of the Ford Motor Company. In 1927, he was hired by the Hamilton Metalplane Company to develop similar metal monplanes and he then went on to Huff Daland Airplane Company. In 1928, McDonnell left Huff Daland and set up J. S, McDonnell & Associates, and with the help of two other engineers, McDonnell set out to design his first aircraft with his company name. This aircraft would then compete in a safe airplane contest sponsored by the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics and his design was the Doodle Bug. McDonnell resigned from Martin in 1938 and founded McDonnell Aircraft Corporation in 1939, in 1967, McDonnell Aircraft merged with the Douglas Aircraft Company to create McDonnell Douglas. The new combined company also developed the F-15 Eagle and F/A-18 Hornet fighters and he served as chairman of the United Nations Association of the United States, and in 1958 his company became the first organization in the world to celebrate United Nations Day as a paid holiday. In 1980 McDonnell was awarded the NAS Award in Aeronautical Engineering from the National Academy of Sciences and he was succeeded as Chair of MD by his nephew Sanford N. His first marriage, to Mary Elizabeth Finney, took place in Baltimore, Maryland and they had two children, James Smith McDonnell, III, born January 28,1936, and John Finney McDonnell, born March 18,1938. Mary McDonnell died on July 6,1949 and he married Priscilla Brush Forney on April 1,1956, and adopted her three children from a previous marriage. McDonnell died of a stroke on August 22,1980 and he was buried in Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis. McDonnell Foundation in 1950, which supports scientific, educational, and charitable causes on a local, national, the McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences is named after him, which he co-founded - established in 1974. McDonnell Park in St. Louis County is named in honor of James Smith McDonnell, as are the McDonnell Planetarium of the Saint Louis Science Center in Forest Park, the James S. McDonnell classroom and laboratory building at Princeton University, the James S McDonnell Hall at Washington University in St Louis, the Arkansas Aviation Historical Society selected McDonnell in 1980 as one of five initial inductees in the Arkansas Aviation Hall of FameJames Smith McDonnell – James Smith McDonnell
13. Elon Musk – Elon Reeve Musk is a South African-born Canadian-American business magnate, investor, engineer, and inventor. As of March 2017, he has a net worth of $13.9 billion. In December 2016, Musk was ranked 21st on Forbes list of The Worlds Most Powerful People, Musk has stated that the goals of SolarCity, Tesla, and SpaceX revolve around his vision to change the world and humanity. He has a brother, Kimbal, and a younger sister. His paternal grandmother was British, and he also has Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry, after his parents divorced in 1980, Musk lived mostly with his father in the suburbs of Pretoria. During his childhood he had an interest in reading and often did so for hours at a time, at age 10, he developed an interest in computing with the Commodore VIC-20. He taught himself computer programming at the age of 12, sold the code for a BASIC-based video game he created called Blastar, to a magazine called PC and Office Technology, a web version of the game is available online. Musk was severely bullied throughout his childhood, and was hospitalized when a group of boys threw him down a flight of stairs. Musk was initially educated at schools, attending the English-speaking Waterkloof House Preparatory School. Musk later graduated from Pretoria Boys High School and moved to Canada in June 1989, just before his 18th birthday, therefore, with the law change, he is considered to have always been a Canadian citizen by birth. At the age of 19, Musk was accepted into Queens University in Kingston, Ontario, Musk extended his studies for one year to finish the second bachelors degree. While at the University of Pennsylvania, Musk and fellow Penn student Adeo Ressi rented a 10-bedroom fraternity house, in 2002, he became a U. S. citizen. In 1995, Musk and his brother, Kimbal, started Zip2, the company developed and marketed an Internet city guide for the newspaper publishing industry. Musk obtained contracts with The New York Times and the Chicago Tribune, while at Zip2, Musk wanted to become CEO, however, none of the board members would allow it. Compaq acquired Zip2 for US$307 million in cash and US$34 million in stock options in February 1999, Musk received 7% or US$22 million from the sale. In March 1999, Musk co-founded X. com, an financial services and e-mail payment company. One year later, the merged with Confinity, which had a money transfer service called PayPal. The merged company focused on the PayPal service and was renamed PayPal in 2001, PayPals early growth was driven mainly by a viral marketing campaign where new customers were recruited when they received money through the serviceElon Musk – Musk at the 2015 Tesla Motors Annual Shareholder Meeting
14. Steven Myers – Steven Myers is the founder and former CEO of the large aerospace and defense management consulting firm, Steven Myers & Associates. He is also a four-time CEO, serial entrepreneur and keynote speaker who is very active in public service efforts. Steven lectures frequently about being an entrepreneur at USC Marshall School of Business where he speaks about such as business competition. Steve also serves as the Chairman of the National Security Membership Committee and is on the Board of Directors for the Pacific Council on International Policy, Steven is the former Chairman of the Orange County Homeland Security Advisory Council and currently serves on the board for publicly listed company Neostem. As an Airline Transport Pilot, Steven has more than 5,600 hours of flight time, between 1994 and 2007, his jet management business operated charter flights worldwide. Steves article on research and the Catholic Church appeared in Forbes on January 23,2012. In 1982, Steve founded the Aerospace & Defense management consulting firm Steven Myers & Associates and he served as the CEO and Chairman for the competition management service provider until 2007. During this time, Steven led innovations for U. S. Government programs and changed the industry, over the last thirty years, SM&A has generated some $1.2 billion in revenue and employed over two thousand people. SM&A was sold to Odyssey Investment partners in 2008, in 1992, Steven Myers became the first American pilot to fly into the Kamchatka Peninsula, located in Far Eastern Russia. Steves role helped to create a union between the United States and the governor of Kamchatka in one of the first successful Russian-American ventures and his involvement helped create a refueling base for carriers with international cargo near the city of Petropavlovsk and introduced entrepreneurship into post-Soviet Russia. As a result of Stevens international efforts, he was invited to give testimony before the U. S. Committee on Government Operations about how to best conduct international business in Russia, Steven Myers book, Dancing with Russians, Adventure & Entrepreneurship in the Developing World, expounds on the subject and is slotted to be in publication by the end of 2012. Steven Myers and his wife Vivian are very active in philanthropy, giving back to their community as well as supporting educational scholarships. Organizations they support include Stanford University Founding Grant Society, United Way Million Dollar Round Table, Make-A-Wish Metro New York and New York Junior League. SM&A http, //www. smawins. com http, //www. stevenmyers. com http, //www. state. gov/e/eeb/adcom/aciep/index. htm http, //www. pacificcouncil. org/page. aspx. pid=326 http, //www. ochsac. org/annoucementsSteven Myers – Steven Myers
15. Alexander Onassis – Alexander Socrates Onassis was a Greek businessman. He was the son of the Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis and his first wife Tina Livanos, born in New York City, Onassis was not formally educated and worked for several years for his father at his Monaco headquarters. The relationship between Onassis and his father experienced tensions as a result of his relationship with Fiona Thyssen. He was later appointed the head of Olympic Aviation, a Greek regional airline owned by his father, Onassis died in hospital as a result of injuries sustained in an air crash at Hellinikon International Airport at the age of 24. The Alexander S. Onassis Foundation was established in his memory, Alexander Socrates Onassis was born at the Harkness Pavilion, a private clinic in New York Citys NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital. He was the child of the Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis and his first wife, Athina Livanos, herself a daughter of a Greek shipping magnate. Onassis was named after his fathers uncle, who was hanged by a Turkish military tribunal during their sacking of Smyrna in September 1922, Onassiss sister, Christina, was born in 1950. Onassis had no schooling, but had been provided with a personal tutor. Onassis failed his exams at a Paris lycée at age 16, Onassis earned a modest salary of $12,000 working for his father despite his fathers great wealth. Onassis was not an enthusiastic employee, a fellow employee said that he seemed in no great hurry to prove himself an Onassis. Onassis also described himself as never having spent a day not intimidated by the old mans wealth, in the mid 1960s, Onassis began a relationship with the French model Odile Rodin, a woman several years his senior. Rodin was the widow of the Dominican playboy and diplomat Porfirio Rubirosa, in October 1968, Aristotle Onassis married Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, the widow of John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States. Onassis and his sister Christina were greatly upset by the union and they had hoped that he might remarry their mother, which had seemed possible towards the end of their fathers relationship with the Greek opera singer Maria Callas. Onassis said, My father loved names and Jackie loved money, despite never liking their stepmother, Onassis and his sister were friendly with her children, Caroline and John, and Onassis would occasionally let his stepbrother ride at the controls of his plane. Aristotle Onassiss friend, John W. Niarchos later married Onassiss mother, Aristotle Onassiss second marriage exacerbated the tensions already inherent in his relationship with his son. He also disapproved of Alexanders secret relationship with Fiona Thyssen, a British fashion model some 16 years his senior and the former wife of industrialist Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza. Onassis had first met Fiona Thyssen when he was 12, and as an 18-year-old had surprised his mother by inviting her to a dinner party, Thyssen only accepted gifts from Onassis if they were paid from the small amount that he earned. Onassis had taken his first flying lesson in 1967 and had accrued 1,500 flying hours by the time of his death, possessing a professional pilots license, he was appointed the President of Olympic Aviation, a regional Greek subsidiary of his fathers Olympic Airways, in 1971Alexander Onassis – Alexander Onassis
16. Jack Parsons (rocket engineer) – John Whiteside Jack Parsons was an American rocket engineer and rocket propulsion researcher, chemist, and Thelemite occultist. Associated with the California Institute of Technology, Parsons was one of the founders of both the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Aerojet Engineering Corporation. He invented the first rocket engine to use a castable, composite rocket propellant, born in Los Angeles, Parsons was raised by a wealthy family on Orange Grove Avenue in Pasadena. Inspired by science fiction literature, he developed an interest in rocketry in his childhood, in 1939 the GALCIT Group gained funding from the National Academy of Sciences to work on Jet-Assisted Take Off for the U. S. military. Following American entry into World War II, in 1942 they founded Aerojet to develop and sell their JATO technology, after a brief involvement with Marxism in 1939, Parsons converted to Thelema, the English occultist Aleister Crowleys new religious movement. In 1941, alongside his first wife Helen Northrup, Parsons joined the Agape Lodge, at Crowleys bidding, he replaced Wilfred Talbot Smith as its leader in 1942 and ran the Lodge from his mansion on Orange Grove Avenue. Parsons was expelled from JPL and Aerojet in 1944 due to the Lodges infamy and allegedly illicit activities and he and Hubbard continued the procedure with Marjorie Cameron, whom Parsons married in 1946. After Hubbard and Sara defrauded him of his savings, Parsons resigned from the O. T. O. Amid the climate of McCarthyism, he was accused of espionage, in 1952, Parsons died at the age of 37 in a home laboratory explosion that attracted national media attention, the police ruled it an accident, but many associates suspected suicide or assassination. Although academic interest in his career was originally negligible, in subsequent decades historians came to recognize Parsons contributions to rocket engineering. S. He has been the subject of biographies and fictionalized portrayals. Marvel Whiteside Parsons was born on October 2,1914, at the Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles. His parents, Ruth Virginia Whiteside and Marvel H. Parsons, had moved to California from Massachusetts the previous year and their son was his fathers namesake, but was known in the household as Jack. The marriage broke down soon after Jacks birth, when Ruth discovered that his father had numerous visits to a prostitute. Parsons father returned to Massachusetts after being exposed as an adulterer. Parsons father later joined the forces, reaching the rank of major, and married a woman with whom he had a son named Charles. Although she retained her ex-husbands surname, Ruth started calling her son John, Jack was surrounded by domestic servants. Having few friends, he lived a childhood and spent much time reading, he took a particular interest in works of mythology, Arthurian legendJack Parsons (rocket engineer) – Parsons in 1941.
17. Jack J. Pelton – Jack J. Pelton is the Chairman of the Board and CEO of the Experimental Aircraft Association and the former CEO of Cessna Aircraft Company. Before becoming the CEO of Cessna, Pelton was Cessnas Senior Vice President of Engineering, before joining Textron in 2000, Pelton was Senior Vice President of Engineering and Programs at Fairchild Dornier. Prior to this, he worked at McDonnell Douglas for over two decades, neither his undergraduate or graduate degrees in Aerospace Engineering were earned from an accredited school. Temporarily embarrassed by the revelation, Textron released a statement proclaiming that Pelton was chosen for his 30-year-long career in leadership, Pelton testified in favor of a property tax increase to build an aviation training facility that would benefit Cessna at an August 9,2006 Sedgwick County Commission meeting. At a December 12,2006 meeting of the Wichita City Council, in March 2008, Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius appointed Pelton to lead the Kansas Energy and Environmental Policy Advisory Group. Textron announced that Jack Pelton retired from Cessna on May 2,2011, the aviation news media noted Peltons hasty retirement. AvWeb Editor-In-Chief Russ Niles questioned who retires effective immediately at age 52 on a Monday morning when the boss is in town, and speculated that it was related to a possible demand from Textron for cuts to Cessna after a first-quarter 2011 loss of US $38 million. On October 22,2012, Pelton became Chairman of the Board of the Experimental Aircraft Association, on November 9,2015, Pelton was named CEO of the Experimental Aircraft Association. The CEO position at EAA had been vacant since November 2012Jack J. Pelton – Jack J. Pelton
18. Tom Poberezny – He succeeded his father, Paul Poberezny, who founded the organization in 1953. He is also one of the founders of the Young Eagles, from his involvement in the EAA, Poberezny is often credited with having led the introduction of the light sport aircraft industry. Tom Poberezny was surrounded by aviation from the early stages of his life. Because of his fathers key involvement with EAA, the basement of Toms childhood home in Hales Corners, Poberezny graduated from Northwestern University in 1970 with a degree in industrial engineering, and became preoccupied with aviation soon after. He joined the US National Unlimited Aerobatic Team and was part of the team won the World Championship in 1972 at Salon. In 1973 he won the individual US National Unlimited Aerobatic Championship, in 1971, Tom Poberezny, Charlie Hillard, and Gene Soucy formed the aerobatic team of The Red Devils and went on to perform at airshows until the Daytona Skyfest in 1995. This makes the Eagles the longest-performing aerobatic team with one group of members, Poberezny also appeared as a pilot in the movie Cloud Dancer in 1980. Poberezny was appointed to chairman of the EAA Fly-In Convention in 1977 and this annual event takes place in Oshkosh, Wisconsin and attracts over 750,000 visitors with 10,000 aircraft from 68 countries, making it the worlds largest aviation gathering. In the late 1970s, he led the campaign to build the present-day EAA Aviation Museum at Wittman Regional Airport in Oshkosh, in 1989 Poberezny was elected president of the Experimental Aircraft Association. EAA promotes the hobby of building and flying aircraft and has over 180,000 members worldwide. In 1992 he led the creation of the Young Eagles program, Poberezny has also promoted the EAAs role in the light-sport aircraft category, bringing new opportunities for people to learn to fly or keep flying. In March 2009, Paul Poberezny stepped down as chairman of EAA and Tom Poberezny took on duties as well, with Rod Hightower as president. Tom Poberezny retained the positions of chairman of both EAA and AirVenture, on July 26,2011, Poberezny and the EAA announced that he would be retiring from EAA effective August 1,2011. The president and CEO, Rod Hightower, would assume Pobereznys duties until a replacement was found. However, on 22 October 2012, Hightower resigned as president and CEO of EAA and he issued a press announcement saying that he would assume all leadership duties of the organization until suitable replacements could be named. Poberezny was inducted into the Aviation Hall of Fame of Wisconsin in October 1996 and he was also awarded the Distinguished Wisconsin Aviator Award in May 2007. Past recipients of this award include astronaut Mark Lee, Major General Albert Wilkening, Major General Fred R Sloan, in early 2013, Poberezny received the prestigious Living Legend of Aviation award at a ceremony in Beverly Hills, California. Later that year, a campaign and website was launched dedicated to honoring Poberezny, the website also included a Roster of Support for others to add to the causeTom Poberezny – Poberezny at the Sun 'n Fun airshow in 2004
19. Jane Poynter – Jane Poynter is a Biosphere 2 crewmember, author, TV host and company President and CEO. Poynter is currently Chief Executive Officer of World View Enterprises Inc. which will be taking Voyagers to the edge of space in a capsule using a high-altitude balloon, World View Experience as well as offering new opportunities for research and education pursuits. Poynter was a founder of Paragon Space Development Corporation, which develops technologies for extreme environments, while inside Biosphere 2, she co-founded the firm with fellow biospherian, Taber MacCallum, whom she later married, Grant Anderson, Paragons President and CEO and several other aerospace engineers. In 2009 the National Association for Female Executives awarded Jane its Entrepreneur of the Year award, Jane is named as co-inventor on a patented experiment self-sustaining habitats flown on the International Space Station, the Russian Mir Space Station, and the U. S. Poynter was a developer of the crew and life-support systems for the Inspiration Mars free-return mission to Mars planned for launch in January 2018, however, this plan proved unworkable without significant funding and assistance from NASA. The life support system is critical, if anything goes wrong, the spacecraft should make its own way back to Earth — but with no possibility of any short-cuts home. Poynter was one of eight people who agreed to live in an artificial world for two years from September 1991 to September 1993. Just twelve days into the mission, she was injured in a rice-threshing machine and she was out for less than seven hours. The project came under criticism after it was revealed that some spare parts were placed in the airlock with her when she went back in. Poynter reported that low morale and psychological problems plagued the two-year mission, the eight crew members eventually split into two factions of four who hated each other. Jane also worked with the World Bank on projects to mitigate climate change and grow crops in drought-stricken Africa. She is President of Blue Marble Institute, a 501 non profit dedicated to leadership in science, sustainability and she serves on the City of Tucsons Climate Change Committee. Her second book, Champions for Change, Athletes Making A World of Difference is now a school program. She has appeared on television and radio shows, and has interviewed for magazine and newspaper articles about Biosphere 2 and her work in space. The Human Experiment, Two Years and Twenty Minutes Inside Biosphere 2, Champions for Change, Athletes Making a World of DifferenceJane Poynter – Jane Poynter
20. Al Schwimmer – Adolph William Al Schwimmer was an American and later Israeli engineer and businessman. He was the founder and first CEO of Israel Aerospace Industries, Schwimmer was born in New York City in 1917 to Jewish parents who had emigrated to the United States from Eastern Europe. He never used his birth name of Adolph, preferring the nickname Al. In 1939, Schwimmer began his career at Lockheed Corporation as an engineer. During World War II, he worked for TWA and assisted the U. S. Air Transport Command as a flight engineer. Boaz Dvir, who interview him, reflected on what motivated Schwimmer, using circuitous routes, he also recruited the pilots and crews to fly the planes to Israel. Many of these men became the nucleus of the Israeli Air Force, in 1949, Schwimmer returned to the United States and, in 1950, he was convicted in the United States of violating the US Neutrality Acts for smuggling the planes into Israel. Schwimmer was stripped of his rights and veteran benefits and fined $10,000. In 2001 President Bill Clinton gave Schwimmer a presidential pardon, Schwimmer acceded to Ben Gurions request and founded Israel Aerospace Industries, of which he became the first CEO. Schwimmer was one of the founders of Savyon, but later moved to Tel Aviv, in the mid-1980s, Schwimmer was a special adviser for technology and industry for Israels then-Prime Minister Shimon Peres, who became a close friend. Schwimmer died on his 94th birthday in Ramat Gan, in 2015, his exploits during Israels War of Independence were depicted in the PBS documentary A Wing and a Prayer, written, directed, and produced by Boaz Dvir. The film contains the only public interview Schwimmer gave in light of these events, in 2006, Schwimmer was awarded the Israel Prize, for his lifetime achievement and special contribution to society and the State. List of Israel Prize recipients Al Schwimmer, Israel Prize, archived from the original on 2011-06-19, youre just right for Israel, said Ben-Gurion, The Jerusalem Post,13 June 2011Al Schwimmer – Schwimmer in 1955.
21. Gwynne Shotwell – Gwynne Shotwell is an American businesswoman. She is the President and Chief Operating Officer of SpaceX, a United States corporation providing space transport services to government and commercial customers. As of 2016, she is listed as the 76th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes, Shotwell was born in Libertyville, Illinois. She received, with honors, a Bachelor of Science and a Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering, Shotwell originally planned to work in the automotive industry and was enrolled in Chrysler Corporations management training program but did not remain in that industry. In 1988, she work at the El Segundo research center of The Aerospace Corporation. Wanting to build, and put together, in 1998 she left the Aerospace Corp. to become director of the space systems division at Microcosm Inc. She is now President and COO of SpaceX and is responsible for the operations and for managing all customer. Shotwell participates in a variety of STEM fields related programs, including the Frank J. Redd Student Scholarship Competition, under her leadership the committee raised more than $350,000 in scholarships in 6 years. Shotwell gave a TEDx Talk at TEDxChapmanU in June 2013 on the importance of science, technology, engineering,2012, Women in Technology International Hall of Fame As of 2016, she is listed as the 76th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes. Gwynne Shotwell comments at Commercial Space Transportation Conference and you know, I dont think you get that kind of thrill in bankingGwynne Shotwell – Gwynne Shotwell at pre-launch briefing for CRS-2 mission
22. Tory Bruno – United Launch Alliance is a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Space Systems and Boeing Defense, Space & Security. ULA was formed in December 2006 by combining the teams at these companies which provide spacecraft launch services to the government of the United States, U. S. government launch customers include both the Department of Defense and NASA, as well as other organizations. With ULA, Lockheed and Boeing held a monopoly on military launches for more than a decade, until the US Air Force awarded a GPS satellite contract to SpaceX in 2016. Beginning in October 2014, ULA announced that they intended to undertake a substantial restructuring of the company, its products and processes, ULA is planning on building a new rocket that will be a successor to the Atlas V, using a new rocket engine on the first stage. In April 2015, they unveiled the new vehicle as the Vulcan, Boeing and Lockheed Martin announced their intent to form the United Launch Alliance joint venture on May 2,2005. ULA had a peak of seven space launch facilities during 2005–2011 and it announced a consolidation to five in 2008 with the intent to close two of its three Delta II pads, and closed the two-pad launch complex at Cape Canaveral after its final Delta II launch in 2011. SpaceX challenged the United States antitrust law legality of the launch services monopoly on October 23,2005, SpaceX was interested in competing for government launch contracts with the Falcon 9 rocket. The FTC gave their anti-trust clearance on October 3,2006, in November 2010, United Launch Alliance was selected by NASA for consideration for potential contract awards for heavy lift launch vehicle system concepts, and propulsion technologies. It was announced in August 2014 that Michael Gass, ULA CEO since ULA was founded in 2006, would step down immediately, ULA announced in February 2015 that they are considering undertaking domestic production of the Russian RD-180 engine at the Decatur, Alabama rocket stage manufacturing facility. The US-manufactured engines would be used only for government civil or commercial launches, Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings Inc submitted a $2 billion offer to purchase the joint venture on September 8,2015. According to industry officials, the bid, if successful, would create a unified leadership for the company. On September 16,2015, spokesperson Todd Blecher for joint owner Boeing commented that Aerojet Rocketdynes bid was never seriously entertained and rejected the offer, in October 2014, ULA announced a major restructuring of processes and workforce in order to decrease launch costs by half. One of the reasons given for the restructuring and new cost reduction goals was competition from SpaceX. ULA intends to have preliminary design ideas in place for a blending of the Atlas V and Delta IV technology by the end of 2014, to build a successor that will allow them to cut launch costs in half. CEO Tory Bruno stated in November 2014 that he intends to transform the company and reorganize it to make it more agile, and establish new business models to adapt to the new environment. These changes will lead to improvements in how ULA interacts with its customers, ULA intends to shrink the number of company launch pads from six in 2008 and five in 2015 to only two by 2021 as they ramp down the legacy Atlas V and Delta IV launch vehicles. In May 2015, ULA announced it would decrease its executive ranks by 30 percent in December 2015, the management layoffs are the beginning of a major reorganization and redesign as ULA endeavours to slash costs and hunt out new customers to ensure continued growth despite the rise of SpaceX. In May 2015, ULA stated that it would go out of business unless it won commercial and civil satellite launch orders to offset an expected slump in U. S. military and spy launchesTory Bruno – ULA's headquarters building in Centennial, Colorado
23. Michael I. Yarymovych – Michael Ihor Yarymovych is President of Sarasota Space Associates, an aerospace consultant providing services to the aerospace industry and government. He is Senior Fellow of the United States Air Force Scientific Advisory Board and has served on numerous SAB and he retired from the Boeing Company in 1998 as Vice President of International Technology in the Information, Space and Defense Systems organization. He started his career in 1959 at Avco R&D Division leading projects in electric propelled space systems. In 1970 he was posted in Paris as Director of the NATO Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, in the 1990s he was elected Chairman of AGARD and later of RTO. From 1973 to 1975 he served as the Chief Scientist of the U. S, from 1991 to 1997 Dr. Yarymovych was President of the International Academy of Astronautics, of which he was vice president for Scientific Programs since 1985. He is a Fellow of the American Astronautical Society and Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, where he served as president from 1982 to 1983. Eng Sc. in Aeronautical Engineering magna cum laude at New York University 1955, earned his M. S. degree in engineering mechanics from Columbia University, Sc. in engineering mechanics also from Columbia, as a Guggenheim Fellow. IAA Attributes the Von Karman Award for 2006 to Dr. Michael Yarymovych, Air Force Chief Scientist helps shape the future of U. S. flight. NATO Consolidates Research and Technology Boards, encyclopedia of Space Science and Technology - Editorial BoardMichael I. Yarymovych – Dr. Michael I. Yarymovych