Category:American aerospace designers
Pages in category "American aerospace designers"
The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. John Carmack – John D. Carmack is an American game programmer, aerospace and virtual reality engineer. Carmack was the programmer of the id video games Commander Keen, Wolfenstein 3D, Doom, Quake, Rage. In August 2013, Carmack took the position of CTO at Oculus VR, Carmack, son of local television news reporter Stan Carmack, grew up in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area where he became interested in computers at an early age. He attended Shawnee Mission East High School in Prairie Village, Kansas and Raytown South High School in nearby Raytown, Carmack was introduced to video games with the 1978 shoot em up title Space Invaders in the arcades during a summer vacation as a child. The 1980 maze chase arcade game Pac-Man also left an impression on him. He cited Shigeru Miyamoto as the game developer he most admired, as reported in David Kushners Masters of Doom, when Carmack was 14, he broke into a school to help a group of kids steal Apple II computers. To gain entry to the building, Carmack concocted a sticky substance of thermite mixed with Vaseline that melted through the windows, however, an overweight accomplice struggled to get through the hole, and opened the window, setting off a silent alarm and alerting police. John was arrested, and sent for psychiatric evaluation, Carmack was then sentenced to a year in a juvenile home. He attended the University of Missouri–Kansas City for two semesters before withdrawing to work as a freelance programmer. Softdisk, a company in Shreveport, Louisiana, hired Carmack to work on Softdisk G-S, introducing him to John Romero. Later, this team would be placed by Softdisk in charge of a new, afterwards, Carmack left Softdisk to co-found id Software. Carmacks engines have also licensed for use in other influential first-person shooters such as Half-Life, Call of Duty. In 2007, when Carmack was on vacation with his wife, he ended up playing games on his cellphone. On August 7,2013, Carmack joined Oculus VR as their CTO, on November 22,2013, he resigned from id Software to work full-time at Oculus VR. Carmacks reason for leaving was because ids parent company ZeniMax Media didnt want to support Oculus Rift, Carmacks role at both companies later became central to a ZeniMax lawsuit against Oculus parent company Facebook, claiming that Oculus stole ZeniMaxs virtual reality intellectual property. The trial jury absolved Carmack of liability, though Oculus and other officers were held liable for trademark, copyright. In February 2017 Carmack sued ZeniMax, claiming the company had refused to pay him the remaining $22.5 million owed him from their purchase of id Software, around 2000, Carmack became interested in rocketry, a hobby of his youth. Reviewing how much money he was spending on customizing Ferraris, Carmack realized he could do significant work in rocketry and he began by giving financial support to a few local amateur groups before starting Armadillo Aerospace
2. Sherman Fairchild – Sherman Mills Fairchild was an American businessman, investor and inventor. He founded over 70 companies, including Fairchild Aircraft, Fairchild Industries, Fairchild Aviation Corporation, Fairchild made significant contributions to the aviation industry and was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1979. His Fairchild Camera & Instrument Corporation, Semiconductor Division company played a role in the development of Silicon Valley. He held over 30 patents for products ranging from the semiconductor to the 8-mm. Fairchild is also responsible for inventing the first synchronized camera shutter, born in Oneonta, New York, Sherman Fairchild was the only child of George Winthrop Fairchild and Josephine Mills Sherman. His father was a Republican Congressman as well as a co-founder and his mother was the daughter of William Sherman, of Davenport, Iowa. His father died on December 31,1924, and as a child he inherited his fathers multimillion-dollar estate. He also inherited his fathers IBM stock, becoming IBMs largest individual stockholder until his death in 1971, during these college years he also contracted tuberculosis and under the advice of his physician, moved to Arizona to recover in the drier climate. He then transferred to the University of Arizona, where he became interested in photography. He would later transfer to Columbia University in New York, due to his ongoing medical problems, Fairchild did not earn a degree from any of these schools. Instead he pursued his desire to become an entrepreneur, having never been married or having any children, he spent his time exploring a variety of interests. Aside from maintaining his companies, he enjoyed architecture, cooking, jazz, dancing, philosophy and he always kept an eye out for opportunities to create or improve upon existing technology or capabilities. In 1917, after being rejected from the military because of his poor health Fairchild was determined to find way to support the World War I effort. Fairchild and his father went to Washington and won a government contract to develop an aerial camera. The camera featured a shutter that was inside the lens, thereby reducing the significant image distortion caused by the shutter speeds that could not keep up with the movement of the plane. The U. S. government gave Fairchild a budget of $7,000, although the military did not accept his camera until the war effort was over, the U. S. government did purchase two cameras for training. Undeterred, Fairchild went on to focus his attention on developing a more advanced camera, shortly thereafter the U. S. Army ordered 20 additional Fairchild cameras and selected it as the standard for aerial cameras. The need for Fairchilds aerial cameras continued to grow, during World War II over 90% of all cameras used by Allied Forces were of Fairchild design or manufacture
3. Howard Hughes – Howard Robard Hughes Jr. was an American businessman, investor, pilot, film director, and philanthropist, known during his lifetime as one of the most financially successful individuals in the world. He first made a name for himself as a film producer, later in life, he became known for his eccentric behavior and reclusive lifestyle, oddities that were caused in part by a worsening obsessive–compulsive disorder and chronic pain from a plane crash. As a maverick film tycoon, Hughes gained prominence in Hollywood beginning in the late 1920s, when he made big-budget and often controversial films like The Racket, Hells Angels, later he controlled the RKO film studio. Hughes formed the Hughes Aircraft Company in 1932, hiring numerous engineers and designers and he spent the rest of the 1930s setting multiple world air speed records and building the Hughes H-1 Racer and H-4 Hercules. He acquired and expanded Trans World Airlines and later acquired Air West, Hughes was included in Flying Magazines list of the 51 Heroes of Aviation, ranked at No.25. Today, his legacy is maintained through the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the birthplace of Howard Hughes is recorded as either Humble or Houston, Texas. The date remains uncertain due to conflicting dates from various sources and he repeatedly claimed that his birthday was on Christmas Eve. A1941 affidavit birth certificate of Hughes that was signed by his aunt Annette Gano Lummis and Estelle Boughton Sharp states that he was born on December 24,1905, in Harris County, Texas. Hughes was the son of Allene Stone Gano and Howard R. Hughes Sr. a successful inventor and he was of English, and some French Huguenot, ancestry, and was a descendant of John Gano, a minister who allegedly baptized George Washington. His father had patented the two-cone roller bit, which allowed rotary drilling for petroleum in previously inaccessible places, the senior Hughes made the shrewd and lucrative decision to commercialize the invention by leasing the bits instead of selling them, and founded the Hughes Tool Company in 1909. Hughes uncle was the famed novelist, screenwriter, and film director Rupert Hughes, at a young age, Hughes demonstrated interest in science and technology. In particular, he had great engineering aptitude and built Houstons first wireless radio transmitter at age 11 and he went on to be one of the first licensed ham radio operators in Houston, having the assigned callsign W5CY. At 12, Hughes was photographed in the newspaper, identified as being the first boy in Houston to have a motorized bicycle. He was an indifferent student, with a liking for mathematics, flying and he took his first flying lesson at 14, and later attended math and aeronautical engineering courses at Caltech. The red brick house where Hughes lived as a teenager at 3921 Yoakum St. Houston today serves as the headquarters of the Theology Department of the University of St. Thomas and his mother Allene died in March 1922 from complications of an ectopic pregnancy. Howard Hughes Sr. died of an attack in 1924. Their deaths apparently inspired Hughes to include the creation of a research laboratory in the will that he signed in 1925 at age 19. Howard Sr. s will had not been updated since Allenes death, on his 19th birthday, Hughes was declared an emancipated minor, enabling him to take full control of his life
4. Isaac M. Laddon – Isaac Machlin Laddon was an American aeronautical engineer and designer. He was born in Garfield, New Jersey and he was educated at McGill University in Montreal from 1915. He joined the U. S. Air Service Experimental and Engineering Test Center at McCook Field, Ohio in 1917 and he held numerous patents in the aviation industry. He joined Consolidated Aircraft Company as Chief Engineer in 1927 and his designs included the Admiral Flying Boat of 1928, the first in a series of famous Consolidated seaplanes that evolved into the highly regarded PBY Catalina of which a total of 3,282 were built. His B-24 Liberator had both the largest production run of any World War II bomber, and is listed as the most-produced multi-engined aircraft of any type in history. He was also responsible for designing the streamlined Convair airliners used by commercial airlines throughout the world
5. James Smith McDonnell – James Smith Mac McDonnell was an American aviator, engineer, and businessman. He was a pioneer and founder of McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, later McDonnell Douglas. Born in Denver, Colorado, McDonnell was raised in Little Rock, Arkansas and he was a graduate of Princeton University class of 1921, and earned a Masters of Science in Aeronautical Engineering from MIT in 1925. While attending MIT he joined the Delta Upsilon Fraternity, after graduating from MIT, he was hired by Tom Towle for the Stout Metal Airplane Division of the Ford Motor Company. In 1927, he was hired by the Hamilton Metalplane Company to develop similar metal monplanes and he then went on to Huff Daland Airplane Company. In 1928, McDonnell left Huff Daland and set up J. S, McDonnell & Associates, and with the help of two other engineers, McDonnell set out to design his first aircraft with his company name. This aircraft would then compete in a safe airplane contest sponsored by the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics and his design was the Doodle Bug. McDonnell resigned from Martin in 1938 and founded McDonnell Aircraft Corporation in 1939, in 1967, McDonnell Aircraft merged with the Douglas Aircraft Company to create McDonnell Douglas. The new combined company also developed the F-15 Eagle and F/A-18 Hornet fighters and he served as chairman of the United Nations Association of the United States, and in 1958 his company became the first organization in the world to celebrate United Nations Day as a paid holiday. In 1980 McDonnell was awarded the NAS Award in Aeronautical Engineering from the National Academy of Sciences and he was succeeded as Chair of MD by his nephew Sanford N. His first marriage, to Mary Elizabeth Finney, took place in Baltimore, Maryland and they had two children, James Smith McDonnell, III, born January 28,1936, and John Finney McDonnell, born March 18,1938. Mary McDonnell died on July 6,1949 and he married Priscilla Brush Forney on April 1,1956, and adopted her three children from a previous marriage. McDonnell died of a stroke on August 22,1980 and he was buried in Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis. McDonnell Foundation in 1950, which supports scientific, educational, and charitable causes on a local, national, the McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences is named after him, which he co-founded - established in 1974. McDonnell Park in St. Louis County is named in honor of James Smith McDonnell, as are the McDonnell Planetarium of the Saint Louis Science Center in Forest Park, the James S. McDonnell classroom and laboratory building at Princeton University, the James S McDonnell Hall at Washington University in St Louis, the Arkansas Aviation Historical Society selected McDonnell in 1980 as one of five initial inductees in the Arkansas Aviation Hall of Fame
6. Elon Musk – Elon Reeve Musk is a South African-born Canadian-American business magnate, investor, engineer, and inventor. As of March 2017, he has a net worth of $13.9 billion. In December 2016, Musk was ranked 21st on Forbes list of The Worlds Most Powerful People, Musk has stated that the goals of SolarCity, Tesla, and SpaceX revolve around his vision to change the world and humanity. He has a brother, Kimbal, and a younger sister. His paternal grandmother was British, and he also has Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry, after his parents divorced in 1980, Musk lived mostly with his father in the suburbs of Pretoria. During his childhood he had an interest in reading and often did so for hours at a time, at age 10, he developed an interest in computing with the Commodore VIC-20. He taught himself computer programming at the age of 12, sold the code for a BASIC-based video game he created called Blastar, to a magazine called PC and Office Technology, a web version of the game is available online. Musk was severely bullied throughout his childhood, and was hospitalized when a group of boys threw him down a flight of stairs. Musk was initially educated at schools, attending the English-speaking Waterkloof House Preparatory School. Musk later graduated from Pretoria Boys High School and moved to Canada in June 1989, just before his 18th birthday, therefore, with the law change, he is considered to have always been a Canadian citizen by birth. At the age of 19, Musk was accepted into Queens University in Kingston, Ontario, Musk extended his studies for one year to finish the second bachelors degree. While at the University of Pennsylvania, Musk and fellow Penn student Adeo Ressi rented a 10-bedroom fraternity house, in 2002, he became a U. S. citizen. In 1995, Musk and his brother, Kimbal, started Zip2, the company developed and marketed an Internet city guide for the newspaper publishing industry. Musk obtained contracts with The New York Times and the Chicago Tribune, while at Zip2, Musk wanted to become CEO, however, none of the board members would allow it. Compaq acquired Zip2 for US$307 million in cash and US$34 million in stock options in February 1999, Musk received 7% or US$22 million from the sale. In March 1999, Musk co-founded X. com, an financial services and e-mail payment company. One year later, the merged with Confinity, which had a money transfer service called PayPal. The merged company focused on the PayPal service and was renamed PayPal in 2001, PayPals early growth was driven mainly by a viral marketing campaign where new customers were recruited when they received money through the service
7. Al Schwimmer – Adolph William Al Schwimmer was an American and later Israeli engineer and businessman. He was the founder and first CEO of Israel Aerospace Industries, Schwimmer was born in New York City in 1917 to Jewish parents who had emigrated to the United States from Eastern Europe. He never used his birth name of Adolph, preferring the nickname Al. In 1939, Schwimmer began his career at Lockheed Corporation as an engineer. During World War II, he worked for TWA and assisted the U. S. Air Transport Command as a flight engineer. Boaz Dvir, who interview him, reflected on what motivated Schwimmer, using circuitous routes, he also recruited the pilots and crews to fly the planes to Israel. Many of these men became the nucleus of the Israeli Air Force, in 1949, Schwimmer returned to the United States and, in 1950, he was convicted in the United States of violating the US Neutrality Acts for smuggling the planes into Israel. Schwimmer was stripped of his rights and veteran benefits and fined $10,000. In 2001 President Bill Clinton gave Schwimmer a presidential pardon, Schwimmer acceded to Ben Gurions request and founded Israel Aerospace Industries, of which he became the first CEO. Schwimmer was one of the founders of Savyon, but later moved to Tel Aviv, in the mid-1980s, Schwimmer was a special adviser for technology and industry for Israels then-Prime Minister Shimon Peres, who became a close friend. Schwimmer died on his 94th birthday in Ramat Gan, in 2015, his exploits during Israels War of Independence were depicted in the PBS documentary A Wing and a Prayer, written, directed, and produced by Boaz Dvir. The film contains the only public interview Schwimmer gave in light of these events, in 2006, Schwimmer was awarded the Israel Prize, for his lifetime achievement and special contribution to society and the State. List of Israel Prize recipients Al Schwimmer, Israel Prize, archived from the original on 2011-06-19, youre just right for Israel, said Ben-Gurion, The Jerusalem Post,13 June 2011
8. Alfred V. Verville – Alfred Victor Verville was an aviation pioneer and aircraft designer who contributed to civilian and military aviation. During his forty-seven years in the industry, he was responsible for the design and development of nearly twenty commercial. Verville is known for designing flying boats, military racing airplanes, and his planes were awarded with the Pulitzer Speed Classic Trophy in 1920 and 1924. Verville was a founder of three companies, the General Aeroplane Company, Verville Aircraft Company, and the Buhl Aircraft Company. He worked for General Billy Mitchell during his service at the United States Army Air Service from 1918 to 1925, from 1937 to 1945, he worked as a consultant for companies such as Douglas Aircraft, Curtiss-Wright, Snead Aircraft, and Drexel Aviation. Verville spent the sixteen years in the U. S. Federal government, primarily in the Bureau of Aeronautics. Verville received many honors and awards, including a selection as a fellow of the Smithsonian Institutions National Air, an airmail stamp was issued in 1985 by the US Postal Service in Vervilles honor. In 1991, he was inducted into the Michigan Aviation Hall of Fame. Verville was born in Atlantic Mine, a town in Michigans Upper Peninsula, on November 16,1890, as the son of Victor Verville. As a child, his mother bought him a Conyne-style box kite from Sears Roebuck, Verville also began reading stories about the Wright Brothers in newspapers and magazines with great interest. Later he even wrote to the Wrights and Glenn Curtiss and received responses, after graduating from Adams Township High School, Verville took a correspondence course in electrical engineering. He moved to Detroit, Michigan at the age of twenty, and from 1910 to 1913 he worked in the departments of the Detroit Edison Company, Ford Motor Company. By 1913, Verville had made his mind up that he wanted to learn to fly, William Edmund Scripps, the editor and owner of The Detroit News, introduced Verville to Glenn Curtiss in July 1913. Curtiss encouraged Verville to apply for his Spring 1914 flight school, Curtiss agreed and this began Vervilles aviation career. Verville excelled as a draftsman and designer, but still wanted to attend flight school, after applying and being passed over three times for the Curtiss Flying School, Verville went to Curtiss, who responded, No, Mr. Verville you dont want to be a pilot. We can get all the pilots we want, youre a designer and you dont know it. While at Curtiss Aeroplane, Verville took a part in the development of the transatlantic flying boat America. In the Fall of 1914, Verville left the company and joined the Aeromarine Plane and Motor Company in New Jersey, shortly thereafter, he joined the Thomas-Morse Airplane Company