Category:American army personnel of the Gulf War
Pages in category "American army personnel of the Gulf War"
The following 93 pages are in this category, out of 93 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 93 pages are in this category, out of 93 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Bryan D. Brown – Bryan Douglas Doug Brown was a four-star United States Army general, who retired in 2007 after four decades of military service. In his final assignment, he served as the commander of U. S. Special Operations Command, from September 2,2003 until July 9,2007, as USSOCOMs commander, he was responsible for all unified special operations forces, both active duty and reserve. Brown joined the United States Army in 1967 as a private in the infantry and after graduating from Special Forces Qualification Course, shortly afterwards he fought in the Vietnam War as part of a Special Forces A team. After returning from his tour he enrolled in Officer Candidate School and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in May 1970. After attending Army Aviation School he returned to Vietnam as a UH-1 helicopter pilot, after the Vietnam War he was part of a task force that would go on to later found the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment in 1981. During his stint in the 160th SOAR Brown took part in contingency operations in the 1980s. In 1983 Brown participated in the invasion of Grenada where his unit became the first aviation unit to use night vision goggles in combat, in the late 1980s he led all U. S. forces assigned to Operation Prime Chance in the Persian Gulf amidst the Iran-Iraq War. Shortly thereafter he commanded a battalion within 160th SOAR during Operation Desert Storm, after which he was promoted to colonel, after leaving 160th SOAR Brown served at the helm of Joint Special Operations Command from 1998–2000 and then U. S. Army Special Operations Command from 2000–2002. In 2002, Brown became the deputy commander of U. S, Special Operations Command and, holding the post until 2003 when he was selected to replace Air Force General Charles R. Holland as Commander of U. S. Also during his tenure in command of USSOCOM he announced the creation of Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command in 2006, Brown retired in 2007 after leading USSOCOM through four years of the Iraq War and War in Afghanistan. Brown, a native of Fort Meade, Maryland, was born in 1948 and his father, Arnett Brown, was a member of the 89th Infantry Division during World War II, who became a Command Sergeant Major and served in the Vietnam War. His mother was Mary Lou Brown, Brown played baseball and basketball in high school, and eventually made it onto a semi-pro baseball team in Fayetteville, North Carolina. Losing interest in college, and with his father in Vietnam, he walked into a recruiting office and he is married to Penelope Penny Brown, a native of Fayetteville. Together, they have two daughters and five grandchildren and he entered the Army in 1966 as a private in the infantry. While attending Airborne School at Fort Bragg in North Carolina, he signed up for Army Special Forces after meeting Army SF recruiters, after Brown completed the Special Forces Qualification Course, he was assigned to the 7th Special Forces Group. Shortly thereafter, he deployed to Vietnam as part of a Special Forces A Team and his interest in aviation started after returning to the United States from his tour in Vietnam. While at Mountain Ranger Camp, he became enthralled with helicopters after he was asked by a UH-1 helicopter pilot to assist him in conducting reconnaissance flight over northern Georgia, immediately afterwards, he signed up for Officer Candidate School and flight school
2. Charles Graner – Charles A. Graner, Jr. is a former member of the U. S. Army reserve who was convicted of prisoner abuse in connection with the 2003–2004 Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal. Graner was convicted of conspiracy to maltreat detainees, failing to protect detainees from abuse, cruelty, and maltreatment, as well as charges of assault, indecency, and dereliction of duty. He was found guilty of all charges on January 14,2005, charges of adultery and obstruction of justice were dropped before trial. On August 6,2011, Graner was released from the United States Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas after serving six, Graner grew up in Baldwin, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Pittsburgh. After graduating from school in 1986, Graner attended the University of Pittsburgh for two years before dropping out to join the Marine Corps Reserve in April 1988. He had the Marine Corps emblem and the letters USMC tattooed on his right biceps. In 1990, Graner married Staci M. Dean, a 19-year-old from Ohiopyle, trained as a military policeman, he served in the Persian Gulf War in 1991. He was in the Marines until May 1996, when he left with the rank of lance corporal. Graner was deployed during the Gulf War, serving with the 2nd MP Co, originally of 4th FSSG, 4th Marine Division, on January 11,1991, he arrived in Saudi Arabia, taking part in Operation Desert Storm. From there, he traveled to the largest prisoner-of-war camp near the Saudi-Kuwaiti border, after his marriage, he moved to Butler, Pennsylvania, a coal mining area in southwestern Pennsylvania. In 1994, he working as a corrections officer at Fayette County Prison in a shift with a no-nonsense reputation. Once, Graner was accused of putting mace in a new guards coffee as a joke, in May 1996, he moved to the State Correctional Institution, Greene, a maximum-security prison in Greene County, Pennsylvania. Almost 70% of the inmates were black, many large cities. Guards at the prison were accused of beating and sexually assaulting prisoners, there were also reports of racism, including reports of guards writing KKK in the blood of a beaten prisoner. In 1998, two guards were fired and 20 others were suspended, demoted or reprimanded for prisoner abuse, in 1998, a prisoner accused Graner and three other guards of planting a razor blade in his food, causing his mouth to bleed when he ate it. The prisoner accused the guards of first ignoring his cries for help, Graner was accused of telling him to Shut up, nigger, before we kill you. The allegations were denied, although a federal judge ruled that the charges had arguable merit in fact and law. A second lawsuit involving Graner was brought by a prisoner who claimed that guards made him stand on one foot while they handcuffed and tripped him and this allegation, however, was ruled to have been made too late under the statute of limitations
3. Robert S. Kimbrough – Robert Shane Kimbrough is an engineer, retired United States Army officer, and a NASA astronaut. He was part of the first group of candidates selected for NASA astronaut training following the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster and he is the current commander of the International Space Station. Born June 4,1967, in Killeen, Texas, Kimbrough attended The Lovett School in Atlanta, Georgia, Kimbrough later attended and graduated from Georgia Tech with a M. S. in Operations Research in 1998. He helped NASA train astronauts on landing procedures for years before he himself was selected for training. He retired from the U. S. Army with the rank of Colonel, Kimbrough was a Mission Specialist on STS-126, which launched on November 14,2008. During the mission Kimbrough performed two EVAs, on the tenth anniversary of the International Space Station, Stefanyshyn-Piper and Kimbrough successfully conducted the missions second EVA, and Kimbroughs first, which lasted 6 hours,45 minutes. Kimbroughs second EVA was performed on November 24,2008, at the completion of the mission, Kimbroughs cumulative spacewalk time, was 12 hours,52 minutes. Kimbrough launched onboard Soyuz MS-02 to the International Space Station on October 19,2016 as part of a mission for Expedition 49/50. Kimbrough became commander of Expedition 50 upon the departure of Soyuz MS-01 on October 28, on January 6,2017, Kimbrough performed his third EVA, along with Peggy Whitson. During the EVA, they installed three new adapter plates and hooked up electrical connectors preparing the way to replace the ISS batteries, the EVA lasted 6 hours and 32 minutes. Kimbrough performed his Fourth EVA with astronaut Thomas Pesquet on January 13,2017, during the EVA, they prepared the infrastructure to replace the ISS batteries. The EVA lasted for 5 hours and 58 minutes, on March 232017, Kimbrough performed his fifth EVA with Thomas Pesquet. On March 30,2017 Kimbrough performed his sixth EVA with Peggy Whitson, during the EVA they connected the PMA-3 as well as installing new shields in Node 3 axial shields after losing one shield. Additionally installed another upgraded computer relay boxes on the stations truss, the EVA lasted 7 hours and 4 minutes. During this EVA Whitson became the holder for the most EVAs for a woman. Shane Kimbrough on Twitter NASA biography Spacefacts biography of R. Shane Kimbrough Georgia Tech story
4. Stanley A. McChrystal – Stanley Allen McChrystal is a retired United States Army general best known for his command of Joint Special Operations Command in the mid-2000s. His last assignment was as Commander, International Security Assistance Force and Commander, McChrystal was reportedly known for saying and thinking what other military leaders were afraid to, this was one of the reasons cited for his appointment to lead all forces in Afghanistan. He held the post from June 15,2009, to June 23,2010 and his command of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan was assumed by the deputy commander, British Army General Sir Nicholas Parker, pending the confirmation of a replacement. Obama named General David Petraeus as McChrystals replacement, Petraeus was confirmed by the Senate, days after being relieved of his duties in Afghanistan, McChrystal announced his retirement. He has since joined the Yale University faculty, teaching courses in International Relations, McChrystal graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1976 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the United States Army. In November 1978, McChrystal enrolled as a student in the Special Forces Officer Course at the Special Forces School at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Upon completing the course in April 1979, he remained at Fort Bragg as commander of Operational Detachment—Alpha 714 in A Company, 1st Battalion and this was not the last time that 714 would be associated with McChrystal. In June 1980, he attended the Infantry Officer Advanced Course at the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, in February 1981, McChrystal moved to South Korea as intelligence and operations officer for the United Nations Command Support Group—Joint Security Area. He reported to Fort Stewart, Georgia, in March 1982 to serve as training officer in the Directorate of Plans and Training, A Company, Headquarters Command. He moved to 3rd Battalion, 19th Infantry, 24th Infantry Division, in November 1982 and it was during this time that McChrystal also completed a Master of Science degree in international relations from Salve Regina University. From April 1993 to November 1994, McChrystal commanded the 2nd Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment and he then commanded the 2nd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, from November 1994 to June 1996. During this time he initiated what would become a complete revamping of the existing Army hand-to-hand combat curricula, after a year as a senior service college fellow at the John F. At the beginning of the Iraq War in March 2003, he was serving in the Pentagon as a member of the Joint Staff and he took command of JSOC on October 6,2003. This position he describes as commander of Task Force 714 in his autobiography, nominally assigned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, he spent most of his time in Afghanistan, at U. S. Central Commands forward headquarters in Qatar, and in Iraq, in Iraq, he personally directed special operations, where his work there is viewed as pivotal. Early successes included the capture by JSOC forces of Saddam Hussein in December 2003 and he was promoted to lieutenant general on February 16,2006. After McChrystals team successfully located Zarqawi and called in the airstrike that killed him, McChrystals Zarqawi unit, Task Force 6-26, became well known for its interrogation methods, particularly at Camp Nama, where it was accused of abusing detainees. After the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse scandal became public in April 2004,34 members of the force were disciplined
5. H. R. McMaster – Herbert Raymond H. R. McMaster is a United States Army lieutenant general and currently National Security Advisor. His immediate past military assignment was as Director of the Army Capabilities Integration Center and he is known for his roles in the Gulf War, Operation Enduring Freedom, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. McMaster authored the book Dereliction of Duty in 1997, which criticized the actions of high-ranking U. S. military leadership during the Vietnam War, McMaster was born in Philadelphia on July 24,1962. He went to school at Valley Forge Military Academy, graduating in 1980. He earned a commission as a lieutenant upon graduating from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1984. McMaster earned a Master of Arts and Ph. D. in American history from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and his thesis was critical of American strategy in the Vietnam War, which was further detailed in his 1997 book Dereliction of Duty. The book was written as part of his Ph. D. dissertation at UNC and it harshly criticized high-ranking officers of that era, arguing that they inadequately challenged Defense Secretary Robert McNamara and President Lyndon Johnson on their Vietnam strategy. The book was read in Pentagon circles and included in military reading lists. In 1989, McMaster was assigned to the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment at Warner Barracks in Bamberg, Germany, during the Gulf War in 1991 he was a captain commanding Eagle Troop of the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment at the Battle of 73 Easting. McMaster was awarded the Silver Star, the battle features in several books about Desert Storm and is widely referred to in US Army training exercises. He graduated from the United States Army Command and General Staff College in 1999, from 1999 to 2002, McMaster commanded 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry Regiment, and then took a series of staff positions at U. S. Central Command, including planning and operations roles in Iraq, in his next job, as lieutenant colonel and later colonel, McMaster worked on the staff of USCENTCOM as executive officer to Deputy Commander Lieutenant General John Abizaid. When Abizaid received four-star rank and became Central Commands head, McMaster served as Director, Commanders Advisory Group, in 2003 McMaster completed an Army War College research fellowship at Stanford Universitys Hoover Institution. In 2004, he was assigned to command the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment, shortly after McMaster took command the regiment deployed for its second tour in Iraq and was assigned the mission of securing the city of Tal Afar. That mission culminated in September with Operation Restoring Rights and the defeat of the insurgent strongholds. President Bush praised this success, and the PBS show Frontline broadcast a documentary in February 2006 featuring interviews with McMaster. CBS60 Minutes produced a segment in July, and the operation was the subject of an article in the April 10,2006. Author Tim Harford has written that the tactics employed by 3rd ACR led to the first success in overcoming the Iraqi insurgency
6. Timothy McVeigh – Commonly referred to as the Oklahoma City bombing, the attack killed 168 people and injured over 600. McVeigh hoped to inspire a revolt against the federal government and he was convicted of eleven federal offences and sentenced to death. Terry Nichols and Michael Fortier were also convicted as conspirators in the plot, Terry Nichols was sentenced to 161 life terms without parole. Fortier was sentenced to 12 years and has since been released, McVeigh was born in Lockport, New York, the only son and the second of three children of Mildred Mickey Noreen and William McVeigh. His Irish American parents divorced when he was ten years old, McVeigh claimed to have been a target of bullying at school, and he took refuge in a fantasy world where he imagined retaliating against the bullies. At the end of his life, he stated his belief that the United States government is the ultimate bully, most who knew McVeigh remember him as being very withdrawn and shy, with a few describing him as an outgoing and playful child who withdrew as an adolescent. McVeigh is said to have had one girlfriend during his early childhood. While in high school, McVeigh became interested in computers and hacked into government computer systems on his Commodore 64, under the handle The Wanderer, borrowed from the song by Dion DiMucci. In his senior year, McVeigh was named Starpoint Central High Schools most promising computer programmer, McVeigh was introduced to firearms by his grandfather. He told people he wanted to be a gun shop owner and he briefly attended Bryant & Stratton College before dropping out. In May 1988, at the age of 20, McVeigh graduated from the U. S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, while in the military, McVeigh used much of his spare time to read about firearms, sniper tactics, and explosives. McVeigh was reprimanded by the military for purchasing a White Power T-shirt at a Ku Klux Klan protest against black servicemen who wore Black Power T-shirts around the army base, McVeigh was awarded a Bronze Star medal for his service as a vehicle crewman in the Persian Gulf War. He was a gunner with the 25mm cannon of the Bradley Fighting Vehicles used by his 1st Infantry Division. He was stationed at Fort Riley, Kansas, before being deployed on Operation Desert Storm and he said he later was shocked to be ordered to execute surrendering prisoners and to see carnage on the road leaving Kuwait City after U. S. troops routed the Iraqi army. McVeigh received several awards, including the Bronze Star Medal, National Defense Service Medal, Southwest Asia Service Medal, Army Service Ribbon. McVeigh aspired to join the United States Army Special Forces, after returning from the Gulf War, he entered the selection program. However, he washed out on the day of the 21-day assessment. McVeigh decided to leave the Army and was discharged in 1991
7. Colin Powell – Colin Luther Powell is an American statesman and a retired four-star general in the United States Army. Powell was born in Harlem as the son of Jamaican immigrants, Powell was the first, and so far the only, African American to serve on the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was the 65th United States Secretary of State, serving under U. S. President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005, Powell was born in New York City and was raised in the South Bronx. His parents, Luther and Maud Powell, immigrated to the United States from Jamaica, Powell was educated in the New York City public schools, graduating from the City College of New York, where he earned a bachelors degree in geology. He also participated in ROTC at CCNY and received a commission as an Army second lieutenant upon graduation in June 1958 and his further academic achievements include a Master of Business Administration degree from George Washington University. Powell was a soldier for 35 years, during which time he held myriad command and staff positions. His last assignment, from October 1,1989 to September 30,1993, was as the 12th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, during this time, he oversaw 28 crises, including Operation Desert Storm in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. He also formulated the Powell Doctrine, following his military retirement, Powell wrote his best-selling autobiography, My American Journey. In addition, he pursued a career as a speaker, addressing audiences across the country. He was nominated by President Bush on December 16,2000 as Secretary of State, after being unanimously confirmed by the U. S. Senate, he was sworn in as the 65th Secretary of State on January 20,2001. Powell is the recipient of numerous U. S. and foreign military awards, several schools and other institutions have been named in his honor and he holds honorary degrees from universities and colleges across the country. Powell is married to the former Alma Vivian Johnson of Birmingham, the Powell family includes son Michael, daughters Linda and Anne, daughter-in-law Jane, and grandsons Jeffrey and Bryan. In 2016, while not a candidate, Powell received three votes for the office of President of the United States. Powell was born on April 5,1937, in Harlem and his parents were both of mixed African and Scots ancestry. Luther worked as a clerk and Maud as a seamstress. Powell was raised in the South Bronx and attended Morris High School, while at school, Powell worked at a local baby furniture store, where he picked up Yiddish from the eastern European Jewish shopkeepers and some of the customers. He also served as a Shabbos goy, helping Orthodox families with needed tasks on the Sabbath and he received his BS degree in geology from the City College of New York in 1958 and has said he was a C average student. He later earned an MBA degree from the George Washington University in 1971, despite his parents pronunciation of his name as /ˈkɒlᵻn/, Powell has pronounced his name /ˈkoʊlᵻn/ since childhood, after the heroic World War II flyer Colin P. Kelly Jr
8. Daniel B. Allyn – And the 35th Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army. He assumed his current role on August 15,2014, allyn previously served as the Commanding General, United States Army Forces Command from May 2013 to August 2014. Allyn was the commander of the XVIII Airborne Corps from 2012 to 2013, allyn was born in New Hampshire in 1959 and raised in Berwick, Maine. He graduated from the US Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1981 and he went on to serve overseas in South Korea, Grenada, Egypt, Panama, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq and Afghanistan as a combat infantryman and a master parachutist
9. Kenneth Bowra – Kenneth Bowra is a retired major general who served in the US Army from 1970 to 2003. Bowra saw service with US special forces in the Vietnam War and Cambodian Civil War and has worked with the Central Intelligence Agency and he later fought in the US Invasion of Grenada and in the Somali Civil War and First Gulf War. In 1998 he was given command of the John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School, retiring in 2003 he is now a diplomat with the US State Department in Saudi Arabia. Kenneth Bowra attended The Citadel military college in South Carolina and graduated in 1970 and he was commissioned into the 82nd Airborne Division and completed special forces training. Upon his return to the US he served as commander of a High Altitude Low Opening Special Atomic Demolition Munition paratroop unit with the 5th Special Forces Group. Bowra was posted back to Cambodia in 1974 with the Military Equipment Delivery Team Cambodia and he was transferred to Joint Special Operations Command in 1983 and remained with the unit for five years, participating in Operation Urgent Fury in Grenada. Bowra returned to the 5th Special Forces Group in 1988 as the commander of the 2nd battalion and worked on Operation Salam, a de-mining operation in Afghanistan. He was promoted to commander of 5th Special Forces Group by 1992 and conducted combat and humanitarian operations in Somalia as well as border surveillance and combat operations in Kuwait. He was placed in charge of Special Operations Command South, United States Southern Command in November 1993, whilst with that unit Bowra led anti-drugs and humanitarian operations in Central and South America and formed the multi-national peace-keeping force that helped to end the Cenepa War. Bowra was assigned command of the U. S. Army Special Forces Command in May 1996 where he helped to develop the first human rights policy for US special forces soldiers, Bowra was given command of the John F. He was appointed assistant chief of staff of NATOs Allied Forces Northern Europe in January 2001 and was simultaneously the senior American military representative to the Netherlands, Bowra retired from the army as a major-general on 1 October 2003. He now works for the State Department as a diplomat at the US embassy in Saudi Arabia, Bowra has written about the Vietnam and Cambodian wars. The most recent U. S. State Department listing of key officials in foreign posts does not show Bowra in any post in Saudi Arabia
10. Timothy Kopra – Timothy Lennart Kopra is an engineer, a Colonel in the United States Army, a NASA astronaut, and the former commander of the International Space Station. He served aboard the International Space Station as an engineer for Expedition 20. Kopra was born in Austin, Texas, Kopra is married to Dawn Kaye Lehman of Lewisburg, Kentucky, and they have two children, Matthew and Jacqueline. His mother, Martha A. Witthoft Kopra, resides in Austin and his father, Dr. Lennart L. Kopra, died December 8,1998. He is of Finnish descent on his fathers side and his grandfather, Antti Kopra, born in Laavola, Valkjärvi, Karelia, and his grandmother, Ester Elisabet Saksinen, born in Helsinki, left Finland in 1914, immigrating to the United States. Kopras father spoke Finnish, but Tim does not speak the language, on his mothers side, Kopra is of German descent. His German ancestors arrived in New York in the period in the 1700s. These ancestors include Johann Philipp and Anna Catharina Finckel, who were members of the first group of Palatine Germans who settled in Germantown in the Hudson Valley in 1710. Empire Test Pilot School Award for the best Developmental Test thesis, Class 110, military Academy in May 1985 and was designated as an Army Aviator in August 1986. In 1990, he was assigned to the 3rd Armored Division in Hanau, Germany and he completed his tour in Germany as an attack helicopter company commander and an operations officer. Kopra retired from the U. S. Army in November 2010, Kopra was assigned to NASA at the Johnson Space Center in September 1998 as a vehicle integration test engineer. In this position, he served as an engineering liaison for Space Shuttle launch operations. He was actively involved in the tests of the Extravehicular Activity interfaces for each of the space station truss segments. Selected as a mission specialist by NASA in July 2000, Kopra reported for Astronaut Candidate Training the following month and he then completed the initial two years of intensive Space Shuttle and ISS training, scientific and technical briefings, and T-38 flight training. In September 2006, Kopra served as an aquanaut during the NEEMO11 mission aboard the Aquarius underwater laboratory and he participated in the first spacewalk of the STS-127 mission. Kopra was assigned to fly on STS-133, the flight of the Discovery. He lost that assignment when he was injured in a bicycle accident and he was replaced by Stephen G. Bowen. Kopra served as commander of the ISS, with Soyuz TMA-19M, during a spacewalk on January 15,2016, Kopras spacesuit began to leak water into his helmet causing the walk to be cut short
11. J. H. Binford Peay III – James Henry Binford Binnie Peay III is a retired four-star general from the United States Army and is currently the 14th Superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute. He is also chairman of the Allied Defense Group and a director of BAE Systems Inc and he is a trustee of the George C. Marshall Foundation, the National Defense University, and the VMI Foundation. Peay attained the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America in 1954 and his father, Peay Jr. and both of his sons, Jim and Ryan, are also Eagle Scouts. He graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1962 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Civil Engineering and he also has a Master of Arts from George Washington University and is a graduate of the U. S. Army War College. He was commissioned as a lieutenant of Field Artillery in 1962. Peay’s initial troop assignments were in Germany and Fort Carson, Colorado, from December 1964 to September 1966, he served as aide-de-camp to the Commanding General, 5th Infantry Division. He went on to serve in other assignments including two tours in the Republic of Vietnam. In his first tour from May 1967 to July 1968, he commanded both Headquarters Company, I Field Force, Vietnam, and a battery with the 4th Infantry Division in the central highlands. He then moved to Fort Lewis, Washington, to serve as the I Corps’ Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3/Director of Plans and Training, in 1985, he returned to Washington, D. C. as Executive to the Chief of Staff, United States Army. He first became a Screaming Eagle in July 1987, when he became the Assistant Division Commander, 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, beginning in July 1988, he served a one-year assignment as Deputy Commandant, Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. On August 3,1989, Peay returned to Fort Campbell to assume command of the 101st Airborne Division and led the division through Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm in the Persian Gulf. Promoted to the rank of lieutenant general, he was the Army’s Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans and he was promoted to general on March 26,1993 and appointed as the Army’s twenty-fourth Vice Chief of Staff. His last active duty position was as Commanding General, United States Central Command, at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida and he has also received the Meritorious Service Medal with two oak leaf clusters, several Air Medals, and the Army Commendation Medal. After retirement from the Army, he became a director at United Defense Industries in 1997, in 2005 BAE Systems purchased UDI and appointed Peay to the board of its North American subsidiary, BAE Systems Inc. He joined Allied Research Corporation in March 2000 as member of its board of directors, Allied is a diversified defense and security firm, providing conventional medium caliber ammunition and sophisticated security systems. In January 2001, he was chairman, president and CEO. In 2003, the company was renamed Allied Defense Group, Peay resigned in June 2003 to assume the position of superintendent of Virginia Military Institute, but remained the non-executive chairman at Allied. Air Assault in the Gulf, An Interview with M. G, United States Army Center of Military History