Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures. The Academys corporate management and general policies are overseen by a Board of Governors, the roster of the Academys approximately 6,000 motion picture professionals is a closely guarded secret. While the great majority of its members are based in the United States, the Academy is known around the world for its annual Academy Awards, now officially known as The Oscars. The Academy plans to open the Academy Museum of Motion Pictures in Los Angeles in 2017, the notion of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences began with Louis B. He said he wanted to create an organization that would mediate labor disputes without unions and he met with actor Conrad Nagel, director Fred Niblo, and the head of the Association of Motion Picture Producers, Fred Beetsonto to discuss these matters. The idea of this elite club having a banquet was discussed.
They established that membership into the organization would only be open to people involved in one of the five branches of the industry, directors, writers and producers. That evening Mayer presented to those guests what he called the International Academy of Motion Picture Arts, everyone in the room that evening became a founder of the Academy. Several organizational meetings were held prior to the first official meeting held on May 6,1927 and their first organizational meeting was held on May 11. At that meeting Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. was elected as the first president of the Academy, while Fred Niblo was the first vice-president and that night, the Academy bestowed its first honorary membership, to Thomas Edison. Initially, the Academy was broken down into five groups, or branches. The original five were, Actors, Writers, the initial concerns of the group had to do with labor. However, as went on, the organization moved further away from involvement in labor-management arbitrations and negotiations.
By July 1928 the board of directors had approved a list of 12 awards to be presented, during July the voting system for the Awards was established, and the nomination and selection process began. This award of merit for distinctive achievement is what we know now as the Academy Award, the initial location of the organization was 6912 Hollywood Boulevard. In May 1928, the Academy authorized the construction of a state of the art screening room, the screening room was not completed until April 1929. With the publication of Report on Incandescent Illumination in 1928, the Academy began a history of publishing books to assist its members. Another early initiative concerned training Army Signal Corps officers, in 1929 Academy members in a joint venture with the University of Southern California created Americas first film school to further the art and science of moving pictures
Virginia Film Office
The Virginia Film Office is a part of the Virginia Tourism Corporation located in Richmond, VA. ”The Virginia Film Office is committed to increasing film and video production within the Commonwealth through activities that attract out-of-state business and expand the existing in-state industry. The Film Office primarily promotes Virginias exceptional locations for film and video production, throughout the entire production process, staff members work closely with producers assisting mainly with local crew and location resources. In addition, the Film Office provides a network of film liaisons who help with more specified location concerns. Due to Virginias plethora of unique and diverse filming locations, the state has drawn a wonderful assortment of filmmakers, notable films and television shows produced in Virginia are listed below. In addition to the funds, the state has a Sales and Use Tax Exemption that applies to the purchase of production related supplies. Finally, hotel stays of 30 days or more are exempt from state sales tax
Independent Spirit Awards
The Film Independent Spirit Awards, founded in 1984, are awards dedicated to independent filmmakers. Winners were typically presented with acrylic glass pyramids containing suspended shoestrings representing the paltry budgets of independent films, in 1986, the event was renamed the Independent Spirit Awards. Since 2006, winners have received a trophy depicting a bird with its wings spread sitting atop of a pole with the shoestrings from the previous design wrapped around the pole, Film Independent Members vote to determine the winners of the Spirit Awards. The awards show is held inside a tent on the beach in Santa Monica, the show is broadcast live on the IFC network, as well as Hollywood Suite in Canada and A&E Latin America. The 32nd Independent Spirit Awards ceremony, hosted by Nick Kroll and John Mulaney, was broadcast live on IFC on Saturday, official website Film Independent Film Independents channel on YouTube Film Independent at the Internet Movie Database Independent Spirit Awards at the Internet Movie Database
ADG Excellence in Production Design Award
Honorees are presented with an award made by New York firm, Society Awards. Leslie Thomas and production designer James H, by production designer Chris Gorak & Victorias Secret Commercial, Holiday. By production designer Jeffrey Beecroft 2009, Absolut Anthem Commercial, In An Absolut World, by production designer James Chinlund 2010, Dos Equis Commercial, Ice Fishing. by production designer Jesse B. Benson 2011, Call of Duty Commercial, Modern Warfare 3. By production designer Neil Spisak 2012, Halo 4 Commercial, by production designer Christopher Glass 2013, Call of Duty, Ghosts Commercial, Epic Night Out. by production designer Todd Cherniawsky 2014, Apple Commercial, Perspective. By production designer Sean Hargreaves 2015, Apple Music Commercial, The History of Sound, by production designer Jess Gonchor 2016, iPhone 7 Commercial, Balloons
Alaska is a U. S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas–the southern parts of the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest. Alaska is the largest state in the United States by area, the 3rd least populous, approximately half of Alaskas residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaskas economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, military bases and tourism are a significant part of the economy. The United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30,1867, the area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11,1912. It was admitted as the 49th state of the U. S. on January 3,1959, the name Alaska was introduced in the Russian colonial period when it was used to refer to the peninsula. It was derived from an Aleut, or Unangam idiom, which refers to the mainland of Alaska. Literally, it means object to which the action of the sea is directed, Alaska is the northernmost and westernmost state in the United States and has the most easterly longitude in the United States because the Aleutian Islands extend into the Eastern Hemisphere.
Alaska is the only non-contiguous U. S. state on continental North America and it is technically part of the continental U. S. but is sometimes not included in colloquial use, Alaska is not part of the contiguous U. S. often called the Lower 48. The capital city, Juneau, is situated on the mainland of the North American continent but is not connected by road to the rest of the North American highway system. Alaskas territorial waters touch Russias territorial waters in the Bering Strait, as the Russian Big Diomede Island, Alaska has a longer coastline than all the other U. S. states combined. Alaska is the largest state in the United States by total area at 663,268 square miles, over twice the size of Texas, Alaska is larger than all but 18 sovereign countries. Counting territorial waters, Alaska is larger than the area of the next three largest states, Texas and Montana. It is larger than the area of the 22 smallest U. S. states. Also referred to as the Panhandle or Inside Passage, this is the region of Alaska closest to the rest of the United States, as such, this was where most of the initial non-indigenous settlement occurred in the years following the Alaska Purchase.
The region is dominated by the Alexander Archipelago as well as the Tongass National Forest and it contains the state capital Juneau, the former capital Sitka, and Ketchikan, at one time Alaskas largest city. The Alaska Marine Highway provides a vital transportation link throughout the area. The Interior is the largest region of Alaska, much of it is uninhabited wilderness, Fairbanks is the only large city in the region
Hollywood is an ethnically diverse, densely populated neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California. It is notable as the home of the U. S. film industry, including several of its studios, and its name has come to be a shorthand reference for the industry. Hollywood was a community in 1870 and was incorporated as a municipality in 1903. It was consolidated with the city of Los Angeles in 1910, in 1853, one adobe hut stood in Nopalera, named for the Mexican Nopal cactus indigenous to the area. By 1870, an agricultural community flourished, the area was known as the Cahuenga Valley, after the pass in the Santa Monica Mountains immediately to the north. According to the diary of H. J. Whitley, known as the Father of Hollywood, along came a Chinese man in a wagon carrying wood. The man got out of the wagon and bowed, the Chinese man was asked what he was doing and replied, I holly-wood, meaning hauling wood. H. J. Whitley had an epiphany and decided to name his new town Hollywood, Holly would represent England and wood would represent his Scottish heritage.
Whitley had already started over 100 towns across the western United States, Whitley arranged to buy the 500-acre E. C. Hurd ranch and disclosed to him his plans for the land. They agreed on a price and Hurd agreed to sell at a date, before Whitley got off the ground with Hollywood, plans for the new town had spread to General Harrison Gray Otis, Hurds wife, eastern adjacent ranch co-owner Daeida Wilcox, and others. Daeida Wilcox may have learned of the name Hollywood from Ivar Weid, her neighbor in Holly Canyon and she recommended the same name to her husband, Harvey. In August 1887, Wilcox filed with the Los Angeles County Recorders office a deed and parcel map of property he had sold named Hollywood, Wilcox wanted to be the first to record it on a deed. The early real-estate boom busted that year, yet Hollywood began its slow growth. By 1900, the region had a post office, hotel, Los Angeles, with a population of 102,479 lay 10 miles east through the vineyards, barley fields, and citrus groves.
A single-track streetcar line ran down the middle of Prospect Avenue from it, but service was infrequent, the old citrus fruit-packing house was converted into a livery stable, improving transportation for the inhabitants of Hollywood. The Hollywood Hotel was opened in 1902 by H. J. Whitley who was a president of the Los Pacific Boulevard, having finally acquired the Hurd ranch and subdivided it, Whitley built the hotel to attract land buyers. Flanking the west side of Highland Avenue, the structure fronted on Prospect Avenue, the hotel was to become internationally known and was the center of the civic and social life and home of the stars for many years. Whitleys company developed and sold one of the residential areas
Media in New York City
It is a major global center for the book and magazine publishing, music and television industries. New York is the largest media market in North America, some of the citys media conglomerates include CNN, the Hearst Corporation, NBCUniversal, The New York Times Company, the News Corporation, the Thomson Reuters Corporation, Time Warner, and Viacom. Seven of the top eight global advertising agency networks are headquartered in New York. Three of the Big Four record labels are headquartered or co-headquartered in the city. One-third of all American independent films are produced in New York, more than 200 newspapers and 350 consumer magazines have an office in the city and the book-publishing industry employs about 25,000 people. Two of the three daily newspapers in the United States are The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Major tabloid newspapers in the city include the Daily News, the city has a major ethnic press, with 270 newspapers and magazines published in more than 40 languages.
El Diario La Prensa is New Yorks largest Spanish-language daily and the oldest in the nation, the New York Amsterdam News, published in Harlem, is a prominent African-American newspaper. The Village Voice is the largest alternative newspaper, the television industry developed in New York and is a significant employer in the citys economy. The four major American broadcast networks, ABC, CBS, many cable channels are based in the city as well, including MTV, Fox News, HBO and Comedy Central. In 2005 there were more than 100 television shows taped in New York City, New York is a major center for non-commercial media. The oldest public-access cable television channel in the United States is the Manhattan Neighborhood Network, WNET is the citys major public television station and a primary provider of national Public Broadcasting Service programming. WNYC, a radio station owned by the city until 1997, has the largest public radio audience in the United States. New York City is home to a number of online media companies, including AOL and some of its major holdings, including the Huffington Post and Weblogs, Inc.
as well as BuzzFeed. The book publishing industry in the United States is based in New York, New York has been the setting for countless works of literature, many of them produced by the citys large population of writers. The New York City metro area, home to the largest number of Jews outside Israel, has been a scene for Jewish American literature. New York is home to PEN American Center, the largest of the 141 centers of International PEN, the world’s oldest human rights organization, author Salman Rushdie is its current president. Some of the most important literary journals in the United States are in New York and these include The Paris Review, The New York Review of Books, n+1, and New York Quarterly
Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign. The annual ceremony at which the awards are presented is a part of the film industrys awards season. The 74th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film, the 1st Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, was held in January 1944, at the 20th Century-Fox studios. Subsequent ceremonies were held at venues throughout the next decade, including the Beverly Hills Hotel. In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish an honorary award to recognize outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. Recognizing its subject as a figure within the entertainment industry. The official name of the award became the Cecil B. In 1963, the Miss Golden Globe concept was introduced, in its inaugural year, two Miss Golden Globes were named, one for film and one for television.
The two Miss Golden Globes named that year were Eva Six and Donna Douglas, respectively, in 2009, the Golden Globe statuette was redesigned. It was unveiled at a conference at the Beverly Hilton prior to the show. The broadcast of the Golden Globe Awards, telecast to 167 countries worldwide, generally ranks as the third most-watched awards show each year, behind only the Oscars, gervais returned to host the 68th and 69th Golden Globe Awards the next two years. Tina Fey and Amy Poehler hosted the 70th, 71st and 72nd Golden Globe Awards in 2015, the Golden Globe Awards theme song, which debuted in 2012, was written by Japanese musician and songwriter Yoshiki Hayashi. On January 7,2008, it was announced due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike. The ceremony was faced with a threat by striking writers to picket the event, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association was forced to adopt another approach for the broadcast. In acting categories, Meryl Streep holds the record for the most competitive Golden Globe wins with eight, including honorary awards, such as the Henrietta Award, World Film Favorite Actor/Actress Award, or Cecil B.
DeMille Award, Barbra Streisand leads with nine, Streisand won for composing the song Evergreen, producing the Best Picture, and directing Yentl in 1984. Jack Nicholson, Angela Lansbury, Alan Alda and Shirley MacLaine have six awards each, behind them are Rosalind Russell and Jessica Lange with five wins. Meryl Streep holds the record for most nominations with thirty, at the 46th Golden Globe Awards an anomaly occurred, a three way-tie for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama
Economy of New Mexico
Oil and gas production and federal government spending are important drivers of New Mexicos economy. State government has a system of tax credits and technical assistance to promote job growth and business investment. In 2014 New Mexicos Gross Domestic Product was $94.8 billion, in 2014 the per capita personal income was $45,465. In 2005 the percentage of persons below the poverty level was 18. 4%, the New Mexico Tourism Department estimates that in Fiscal Year 2006 the travel industry in New Mexico generated expenditures of $6.5 billion. Cattle and dairy products top the list of animal products of New Mexico. Cattle and other livestock graze most of the land of the state throughout the year. Limited, scientifically controlled dryland farming prospers alongside cattle ranching, major crops include hay, nursery stock and chile peppers. Hay and sorghum top the list of major dryland crops, farmers produce onions and dairy products. New Mexico specialty crops include piñon nuts, pinto beans, located upstream of Las Cruces, the Elephant Butte Reservoir provides a major irrigation source for the extensive farming along the Rio Grande.
Other irrigation projects use the Colorado River basin and the San Juan River, lumber mills in Albuquerque process pinewood, the chief commercial wood of the rich timber economy of Northern New Mexico. New Mexicans derive much of their income from mineral extraction, even before European exploration, Native Americans mined turquoise for making jewelry. After the Spanish introduced refined silver alloys they were incorporated into the Indian jewelry designs, New Mexico produces uranium ore, manganese ore, salt, copper ore and tin concentrates. New Mexico is rich in fossil fuel and alternative energy resources, major petroleum and natural gas deposits are located in the Permian Basin in southeast New Mexico and in the San Juan Basin in the northwest. The San Juan Basin Gas Area is the largest field of proved natural gas reserves in the United States. According to the Energy Information Administration, State crude oil output is typically just over 3 percent of the annual U. S. total, New Mexico contains major coal deposits in the northwest corner of the State.
Nine tenths of electricity production in the State is from coal-fired plants, much of New Mexicos geologically-active Rocky Mountain region holds geothermal power potential, and pockets of the State are suitable for wind power development. New Mexicos southern deserts offer the States most concentrated solar power potential, the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant is located in the Delaware Basin, and is used to store nuclear waste. Source, Industrial output, centered around Albuquerque, includes electric equipment and coal products, food processing and publishing, and stone, important high-technology industries include lasers, data processing, solar energy and semiconductors
Cinema of Puerto Rico
The history of the Cinema industry in Puerto Rico begins with the US invasion of the island in 1898. At that time, the American soldiers brought cameras to record what they saw and it was not until the 1912 that Puerto Ricans would begin to produce their own films. After this, Puerto Rican cinema has developed at a slow pace, despite this, the industry has produced several actors and actresses and one Academy Award nominated film. Starting in the late 1990s the Puerto Rican film industry saw significant growth, after the early images recorded by the American soldiers in 1898, most of the films produced in the island were documentaries. It wasnt until 1912 that Rafael Colorado DAssoy recorded the first non-documentary film titled Un drama en Puerto Rico, after that and Antonio Capella Martínez created the Film Industrial Society of Puerto Rico in 1916, producing their first film titled Por la hembra y el gallo. Other film companies formed during the time were the Tropical Film Company, the Tropical Film Company was founded by two intellectuals in the National Independence Movement and a veteran filmmaker that immigrated to Puerto Rico from Spain.
Even though it is known that this company had produced four films and this however does not negate the founding base of the Tropical Film Company in Puerto Rican Cinema. In 1934, Juan Emilio Viguié Cajas produced and directed the first Puerto Rican film with sound titled, there is little known of the whereabouts of this film or the ones mentioned above. The first truly Puerto Rican film, Los Peloteros, featured a Puerto Rican cast and was based on a real story, ramón Rivero starred as the inspirational coach of a childrens baseball team. His impoverished team played with old, broken equipment and longed for uniforms, known as a comedian, the role enabled Rivero to demonstrate his dramatic abilities. The children in the movie were not professional actors, they actually were poor children cast at the shooting locale, photographer Jack Delano directed the film for the Puerto Rican governments Division of Community Education. Some consider Los Peloteros to be the best Puerto Rican film ever made, several films were shot in Puerto Rico in the 1950s.
Two were Puerto Rican, the musical drama El Otro Camino, axel Anderson was a German ex-patriate who became a star in both Puerto Rican television and film. In Maruja, Anderson played opposite leading lady, Marta Romero, a third movie was the American film noir Man With My Face, a thriller centering on Americans living in Puerto Rico. Producer J. Harold Odell shot three films on the island, Machete and Fiend of Dope Island, within the 1960s, an explosion of filmmaking aroused on the island. About half of the shot in this period were co-productions between Puerto Rico and Mexico. Mexico shot a few productions, plus a few co-productions with Spain. Puerto Rico hosted a number of U. S. movies throughout the decade, plus one from Argentina