Category:American former Protestants
Pages in category "American former Protestants"
The following 34 pages are in this category, out of 34 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 34 pages are in this category, out of 34 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Mortimer J. Adler – Mortimer Jerome Adler was an American philosopher, educator, and popular author. As a philosopher he worked within the Aristotelian and Thomistic traditions and he lived for long stretches in New York City, Chicago, San Francisco, and San Mateo, California. He worked for Columbia University, the University of Chicago, Encyclopædia Britannica, Adler was born in New York City on December 28,1902, to Jewish immigrants. He dropped out of school at age 14 to become a boy for the New York Sun. He went on to study at Columbia University and contributed to the student literary magazine, though he refused to take the required swimming test for a bachelors degree, he stayed at the university and eventually received an instructorship and finally a doctorate in psychology. While at Columbia University, Adler wrote his first book, Dialectic, Adlers competence in the field and resisted Adlers appointment to the Universitys Department of Philosophy. Adler was the first non-lawyer to join the law school faculty, Adler also taught philosophy to business executives at the Aspen Institute. Adler and Hutchins went on to found the Great Books of the Western World program and he founded and served as director of the Institute for Philosophical Research in 1952. He also served on the Board of Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, as the director of editorial planning for the fifteenth edition of Britannica from 1965, he was instrumental in the major reorganization of knowledge embodied in that edition. He introduced the Paideia Proposal which resulted in his founding the Paideia Program, with Max Weismann, he founded the Center for the Study of The Great Ideas in 1990 in Chicago. Adler long strove to bring philosophy to the masses, and some of his works became popular bestsellers and he was also an advocate of economic democracy and wrote an influential preface to Louis O. Kelsos The Capitalist Manifesto. Adler was often aided in his thinking and writing by Arthur Rubin, in his own words, Unlike many of my contemporaries, I never write books for my fellow professors to read. I have no interest in the audience at all. A general audience can read any book I write – and they do, dwight MacDonald once criticized Adlers popular style by saying Mr. Adler once wrote a book called How to Read a Book. He should now read a book called How to Write a Book, the ethnic composition of Adlers Great Books list was controversial in some academic circles, as was his response to accompanying criticism. Adler was asked in a 1990 interview with the Los Angeles Times why his Great Books of the Western World list did not include more non-whites, in the face of criticism Adler maintained that ethnic quotas were irrelevant to the subject. Adler was born into a nonobservant Jewish family, in his early twenties, he discovered St. Thomas Aquinas, and in particular the Summa Theologica. Many years later, he wrote that its intellectual austerity, integrity, precision, put the study of theology highest among all of my philosophical interestsMortimer J. Adler – Adler while presiding over the Center for the Study of The Great Ideas
2. Abu Mansoor Al-Amriki – Omar Shafik Hammami, also known by the pseudonym Abu Mansoor Al-Amriki, was an American citizen who was a member and leader in the Somali Islamist militant group al-Shabaab. In November 2012, the FBI added Hammami to its Most Wanted Terrorists list, a federal warrant for his arrest was issued in 2007. Omar was raised in a Christian household with an American Protestant mother, Hammami began to identify as Muslim in high school, after traveling to Iraq and meeting his Muslim relatives, and proceeded to dropped out of college. After moving to Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and marrying a Somali-Canadian woman in 2004 and he then abandoned his wife and infant daughter to join Al-Shabaab in Somalia in late 2006. They divorced, and by 2009 he had married a Somali woman and had another daughter, Hammami served as a commander, propagandist, and recruiter. He was rumored to have killed in March and July 2011. In December 2012, Al-Shabaab posted a rebuke online of what it called his narcissistic pursuit of fame, Hammami was killed by al-Shabaab on 12 September 2013. Hammami was born to Shafik Hammami and Debra Hadley and grew up in Daphne, Alabama, Hammamis father, Shafik, is of Syrian Muslim, grew up in Damascus, Syria and went to Alabama for college, later becoming a civil engineer. His mother, Hadley, is of Irish descent and was a former schoolteacher, the children were initially raised as Southern Baptist but also practiced Muslim culture at home. Finding her father too restrictive, Dena left the home at 16, Hammami was president of his sophomore class at Daphne High School and was in the Advanced Placement program. Following his fathers return to Islam, Hammami began to explore the religion and he grew flamboyant about his faith in high school, convincing his friend Bernie Culveyhouse to convert to Islam as well. He left high school early to start college, friends in school thought of him as a leader. Over time, Hammami grew increasingly religious, while in college, he became influenced by Tony Salvatore Sylvester, an American convert to Islam at the Masjid in Mobile, Alabama and Hamammi became a Salafi. He served as president of the Muslim Students Association at the University of South Alabama and his theological stance caused him conflict with his father, who asked him to leave home in 2002. Hammami also dropped out of college, Hammami and Culveyhouse worked odd jobs. Together, they decided to move to Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Hammami became more aware of the US Invasion of Iraq and began to become interested in jihad as he followed the fighting in Chechnya. In March 2005, Hammami married 19-year-old Sadiyo Mohamed Abdille, a woman from Somalia whose family had fled in 2001 for Canada from the war which had been going on since 1991. In June 2005, the two friends moved with their families to Alexandria, Egypt and the Hammamis daughter was born there, the men wanted to study at Al-Azhar University but neither was accepted, and Culveyhouse decided to return to the United States with his familyAbu Mansoor Al-Amriki – Abu Mansoor Al-Amriki
3. Kirstie Alley – Kirstie Louise Alley is an American actress, comedian and spokesmodel. Her big break came in 1982 playing Lieutenant JG Saavik in the fiction film Star Trek II. She also has starred in number of movies, include Summer School, Shoot to Kill, Look Whos Talking and she received her second Emmy for Davids Mother as the Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie. From 1997 to 2000, Alley starred as leading character on the NBC sitcom Veronicas Closet, for which she received additional Emmy, in 2000s, Alley has appeared in reality shows revolving around her life. In 2013, she returned to acting with title role on the short-lived TV Land sitcom Kirstie, Kirstie Alley was born in Wichita, Kansas, the daughter of Lillian Mickie, a homemaker, and Robert Deal Alley, who owned a lumber company. She has two siblings, Colette and Craig, Alley attended Wichita Southeast High School, graduating in 1969. She attended college at Kansas State University in 1969, after moving to Los Angeles to pursue Scientology and work as an interior designer, Alley appeared as a contestant on the popular game show Match Game in 1979. She won both rounds winning $500 in the first round and winning $5500 in the second round and she also appeared on the game show Password Plus in 1980. In 1981, a car accident caused by a drunk driver killed her mother, before becoming an actress, Alley was an interior designer, as she announced during her appearance as a contestant on the game show Match Game. The following years, she has starred in a number of films, include One More Chance, Blind Date. In 1985 she played Virgilia Hazard in the ABC miniseries North and South, books I, in 1987, Alley starred alongside Mark Harmon in comedy film Summer School. The film was a box office success, grossing over $35 million in the United States, later that year she joined the cast of NBC sitcom Cheers, replacing Shelley Long and remaining on the show until its eleventh and final season. In 1989, Alley starred with John Travolta in Look Whos Talking and they then went on to make two other films centered around the same theme, Look Whos Talking Too and Look Whos Talking Now. Alley has won two Emmy Awards during her career and her first two nominations for her work on Cheers did not earn her the award, but her third, in 1991, garnered her the statuette for that series. In her speech, she thanked then-husband Parker Stevenson, calling him the man who has given me the big one for the last eight years and she won her second Emmy for 1994 television film Davids Mother. For contributions to the picture industry, Alley was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7000 Hollywood Boulevard in 1995. From 1997 to 2000, Alley played the character in the NBC sitcom Veronicas Closet. She served as the spokesperson for Pier One from 2000–04 and for Jenny Craig from 2005–08, TV Land aired a sitcom that centered on Alley as a Broadway star and a new parentKirstie Alley
4. Bill Baird (activist) – Bill Baird is a reproductive rights pioneer, called by some media the father of the birth control and abortion-rights movement. He was jailed eight times in five states in the 1960s for lecturing on abortion, Baird is believed to be the first and only non-lawyer in American history with three Supreme Court victories. In 1967 hundreds of students at Boston University petitioned Baird to challenge a Massachusetts law that prohibited providing contraception to unmarried persons. On April 6,1967, he gave a lecture at Boston University, during which he gave a condom and he was immediately arrested and eventually jailed. Baird grew up in Brooklyn, and was raised a strict Lutheran, Bill Bairds advocacy for reproductive rights began in 1963 after witnessing the death of an unmarried mother of nine children who died of a self-inflicted coat hanger abortion. As the clinical director of EMKO, a birth control manufacturer, he had been coordinating research at Harlem Hospital when she stumbled into the corridor, in 1963, he began giving away EMKO birth control foam samples including at malls where his activities often met with religious opposition. He was threatened with arrest for distributing free birth control foam in Hempstead, New York. Baird founded the Parents Aid Society and later distributed contraceptives in a delivery truck that he called the “Plan Van. ”In 1966 Baird established the first birth control club on a college campus at Hofstra University. He was sent to jail for teaching birth control and distributing literature in New York, New Jersey. Bairds punishment galvanized feminists like Anne Koedt to speak out in his defense, on May 13,1965, he challenged New Yorks anti-birth control statute, law 1142. He was arrested in Hempstead, NY and jailed for teaching birth control out of his mobile Plan Van, Bairds challenges led to the legalization of birth control in New York. Planned Parenthood President Alan Guttmacher criticized Baird and stated that Baird was overenthusiastic and every couple seeking birth control information should seek a physician. ”In 1966, Baird challenged New Jerseys restrictive birth control statute after the commissioner of welfare threatened to jail unwed mothers under the law of fornication. When Baird arrived in Freehold, New Jersey in his Plan Van to challenge the law, in 1967 Boston University students petitioned Baird to challenge Massachusettss stringent Crimes Against Chastity, Decency, Morality and Good Order law. On April 6,1967 he gave a speech to 1,500 students and others at Boston University on abortion, birth control, environmental pollution and he gave a female student one condom and a package of contraceptive foam. Police arrested him as a felon and he faced up to ten years in jail and he was convicted and sentenced to three months in Bostons Charles Street Jail. He fought to legalize birth control without the support of major pro choice or feminist organizations, betty Friedan of the National Abortion Rights Action League has implied many times since 1971 that Baird was a CIA agent, including a statement in the New York Times. During his challenge to the Massachusetts law, Planned Parenthood stated that there is nothing to be gained by court action of this kind, the only way to remove the limitations remaining in the law is through the legislative process. Despite this opposition, Baird fought for five years until Eisenstadt v. Baird legalized birth control for all Americans on March 22,1972Bill Baird (activist) – Baird picketing National Right to Life Convention in June 2012
5. Dan Barker – Daniel Edwin Dan Barker is an American atheist activist who served as a Christian preacher and musician for 19 years but left Christianity in 1984. Barker, along with his wife Annie Laurie Gaylor, is the current co-president of the Freedom From Religion Foundation and he has written numerous articles for Freethought Today, an American freethought newspaper. He is the author of books including Losing Faith in Faith. Barker has been a speaker at Rock Beyond Belief. He is on the bureau of the Secular Student Alliance. Barker received a degree in religion from Azusa Pacific University and was ordained to the ministry by the Standard Community Church, California and he served as associate pastor at a Religious Society of Friends church, an Assembly of God, and an independent Charismatic church. To this day, he receives royalties from his popular childrens Christian musicals, Mary Had a Little Lamb and His Fleece Was White as Snow, both published by Manna Music. In 1984 he announced to his friends that he was an atheist, Barker met Annie Laurie Gaylor when both were guests on the show. They began dating six months later and married in 1987 and they have a daughter, Sabrina Delata. A successful musician, Barker has composed over 200 songs that have published or recorded. He is a member of the Lenni Lenape Tribe of Native Americans, and in 1991 edited and published Paradise Remembered, Barker belongs to a number of high IQ societies. He is the current co-president with his wife Annie Laurie Gaylor of the Freedom From Religion Foundation, Barker has appeared on dozens of national television and radio programs to discuss and debate issues related to atheism and the separation of state and church. Barker and his wife host a weekly radio program, Freethought Radio. It is broadcast weekly, on Progressive Talk The Mic 92.1, out of Madison and it is carried on several other stations throughout the Midwest and is available through podcast. Musicals Mary Had a Little Lamb His Fleece Was White as Snow Books Barker, Maybe Yes, Maybe No, A Guide for Young Skeptics. Losing Faith in Faith, From Preacher to Atheist, Madison, WI, Freedom From Religion Foundation. Godless, How an Evangelical Preacher Became One of Americas Leading Atheists, the Good Atheist, Living a Purpose-Filled Life Without God. Life Driven Purpose, How an Atheist Finds Meaning, God, The Most Unpleasant Character in All FictionDan Barker – Dan Barker
6. Ryan J. Bell – Ryan J. Bell is an American former Seventh-day Adventist pastor who became an atheist after spending a year without God as an experiment. He has publicly spoken about his experiences before, during, and after this year and he is a regular contributor at the The Huffington Post and, in August 2015, launched a new blog and podcast Life After God. Bell was born in Parma, Ohio, and spent his childhood in Loma Linda, growing up, Bell was strictly religious. He was baptized when he was nine years old and not long after that his parents got divorced, Bell lived with his grandparents, who were very faithful, traditional Adventists, during his high school years. That had an effect on Bell, who became very conservative in his faith. Because his grandparents were volunteers at Weimar Institute at the time and he later served at the Covelo Church in the Northern California Conference, where Doug Batchelor was a pastor, and he did some ministry alongside Batchelor. After finishing at Weimar, Bell went to work for the Pennsylvania Conference where he realized that my ideology was bumping up against real life. I realized that God is not as much about ideas as he is about people, I knew that if I didnt love people, then I couldnt do my ministry. When Bell started his career as a pastor, he learned that his congregation did not follow the Adventist religious laws to the letter and they wore makeup and jewelry and some smoked, which all went against what Bell believed a true Adventist should be like. He realized my ideology clashed with real people, and he decided not to exclude them, Bell became liberal in his views and opened his church to those who were not sure about organized religion. He became an advocate for justice, speaking for gay rights. In 2010, the Hollywood Adventist Church, where Bell was pastor at the time, in March 2013, Bell was forced to resign from his position as a pastor, after he had argued in favor of ordination of women and the rights of homosexuals. According to Bell, the gap between him and his fellow clergymen had also widened due to his efforts for peace, justice, and interfaith dialogue, which were constantly met with resistance. After being a Seventh-day Adventist pastor for 19 years, Bell announced his A Year Without God experiment on December 31,2013, the idea came from the question that Bells friend once asked him, What difference does God make. He decided to find out by living the year without God, for the next 12 months I will live as if there is no God. I will not pray, read the Bible for inspiration, refer to God as the cause of things or hope that God might intervene, right after stating his intention, Bell lost his position and income at two Christian universities, Azusa Pacific University and Fuller Theological Seminary. In response, a critic of the experiment, Friendly Atheist blogger Hemant Mehta. The effort garnered $17,000 in its first few days, the campaign raised over $27,000 to help Bell to support his family during his unemploymentRyan J. Bell – Bell speaking at QED Conference in Manchester, UK in 2015
7. Jean Brooks – Ruby Matilda Kelly, known professionally as Jean Brooks, was an American film actress and singer who appeared in over thirty films. Though she never achieved stardom in Hollywood, she had a number of prominent roles in the early 1940s as a contract player for RKO Radio Pictures. Raised in Texas and Costa Rica, she began her career as a singer in New York City before being cast in several minor parts in films. She would later appear in supporting roles in the Universal Pictures serial productions Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe and her later career was marred by struggles with alcoholism, and a series of drunken public appearances resulted in Brooks ending her contract with RKO. In 1948, she made her film appearance in Women in the Night before abandoning her career as an actress and relocating to San Francisco. She died in 1963 of complications resulting from her alcoholism, Brooks was born Ruby M. Kelly on December 23,1915 in Houston, Texas, the fourth child of Horace and Robina Kelly. Through her mother, Brooks was of English and Canadian descent and her two older brothers, Horace Jr. and Ernest, were both teenagers at the time she was born, a third son had died in 1912 at age seven of tetanus. Brooks spent her years in Texas but after her fathers death during her childhood, she and her mother relocated to Costa Rica. There, they lived on Brooks grandfathers coffee plantation, as a result, Brooks was binlingual, fluent in both English and Spanish. During her teenage years, Brooks relocated with her mother to New York City, Brooks would begin her professional career as a singer at New York Citys Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, where she sang in Enric Madrigueras orchestra. She adopted the name Jeanne Kelly for her entertainment career, with the help of Erich von Stroheim, whom Brooks had met while working at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, she began her acting career. Her first screen role was in the Arcturus Pictures release Obeah, after having bit parts in Frankie and Johnnie and Tango-Bar, she starred alongside von Stroheim in The Crime of Dr. Crespi. Brooks parted ways with von Stroheim some time after Crespi and she then acted in the stage melodrama Name Your Poison, opposite Lenore Ulrich, which premiered at the Sam S. Shubert Theatre in Newark, New Jersey on January 20,1936. In 1938, Brooks attempted to get back into film acting, after a failed screen test with 20th Century Fox, and the collapse of Major Productions, she signed a contract to star in Spanish language films for Paramount Pictures. She landed two starring roles with Paramount, acting under the stage name Robina Duarte, after the Paramount contract, Brooks spent another year taking bit parts. In 1940, she landed a contract with Universal Studios, after more bit parts and small roles, Brooks was awarded with her first leading role in a feature film, playing Laura in The Devils Pipeline in 1940. Her performance was not well received, Variety described her as flat, Universal never gave her star treatment, preferring instead to cast her in small roles and B-movies. In 1941, Jean met and married writer and future film director Richard Brooks, shortly thereafter, Universal dropped Brooks contractJean Brooks – Brooks in a publicity photo for The Seventh Victim (1943)
8. Matt Dillahunty – Matt Dillahunty is an American public speaker and Internet personality, and was the president of the Atheist Community of Austin from 2006 to 2013. He has hosted the Austin-based webcast and cable-access television show The Atheist Experience since c,2005, and formerly hosted the live internet radio show Non-Prophets Radio. He is also the founder and contributor of the counter-apologetics encyclopedia Iron Chariots and its subsidiary sites and he is regularly engaged in formal debates and travels the United States speaking to local secular organizations and university groups as part of the Secular Student Alliances Speakers Bureau. Alongside fellow activists Seth Andrews and Aron Ra, he traveled to Australia in March 2015 as a member of the Unholy Trinity Tour, in April 2015 he was an invited speaker at the Merseyside Skeptics Society QEDCon in the United Kingdom. Raised Southern Baptist, Dillahunty sought to become a minister and his religious studies, instead of bolstering his faith as he intended, led him to no longer believe in Christianity and, eventually, all religions. Dillahunty spent eight years in the US Navy, before leaving to work in the field of software design. In 2011, he married The Atheist Experience colleague and co-host of the Godless Bitches podcast Beth Presswood, Dillahunty is one of the subjects of the 2014 documentary film My Week in Atheism by director John Christy. Use logic, I tell them that I can write a book than the Bible. Simple, I copy it word for word, except the parts about slavery, and dont forget emotion, It is theater. That is my advantage with a Baptist background over someone like Richard Dawkins and he has also stated that he is willing to say I dont know in a debate, a scary concept to some of his audience. One of Dillahuntys recurring themes has been the superiority of secular morality over religious morality, theyve broken their moral compass and sacrificed their humanity on the altar of religion. They say were lost and broken and in need of salvation, Dillahunty holds the view that advocating infinite reward or punishment for finite deeds is morally inferior. Dillahunty has become an advocate of abortion rights. After hearing that Secular Pro-Life set up a table at the 2012 American Atheists convention, the debate took place at the 2012 Texas Freethought Convention, with Dillahunty debating Kristine Kruszelnicki. Dillahunty used bodily autonomy as his argument for abortion rights. In March 2014, Dillahunty debated Clinton Wilcox, who is not a member of Secular Pro-Life, the aftermath led to a falling out with the organization, and he announced in a Facebook post that he would not debate them in public again. Advocacy of the primacy of skepticism is another of Dillahuntys recurring themes, in the same lecture, he said that being a skeptic is the most important identifier of who he is. In addition, Dillahunty said that skepticism has something to say about untested religious claims, and he sees atheism as a subset of skepticism, and he doesnt see why skepticism should not address religious claims, something that has become a point of controversy in the skeptic communityMatt Dillahunty – Matt Dillahunty, speaking at the University of Missouri in 2014
9. Bart D. Ehrman – Bart Denton Ehrman is an American professor and scholar, currently the James A. Gray Distinguished Professor of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He is one of North Americas leading scholars in his field, having written and edited 30 books and he has also achieved acclaim at the popular level, authoring five New York Times bestsellers. Ehrmans work focuses on criticism of the New Testament, the historical Jesus. Ehrman grew up in Lawrence, Kansas, and attended Lawrence High School and he began studying the Bible and the Biblical languages at Moody Bible Institute, where he earned the schools three-year diploma in 1976. He is a 1978 graduate of Wheaton College in Illinois, where he received his bachelors degree and he received his PhD and M. Div. from Princeton Theological Seminary, where he studied under Bruce Metzger. He received magna cum laude for both his BA in 1978 and PhD in 1985, in Misquoting Jesus Ehrman recounts becoming a born-again, fundamentalist Christian as a teenager. He recounts being certain in his enthusiasm that God had inspired the wording of the Bible. His desire to understand the words of the Bible led him to the study of ancient languages. During his graduate studies, however, he convinced that there are contradictions. He remained a liberal Christian for 15 years but later became an agnostic atheist after struggling with the problems of evil. Ehrman has taught at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill since 1988, at UNC he has served as both the Director of Graduate Studies and the Chair of the Department of Religious Studies. Wallace, Richard Swinburne, Peter J. Williams, James White, Darrell Bock, Michael L. Brown and Robert M. Price. In 2006 he appeared on The Colbert Report and The Daily Show, to promote his book Misquoting Jesus, and in 2009 reappeared on The Colbert Report with the release of Jesus, Interrupted. Ehrman has written widely on issues of the New Testament and early Christianity at both an academic and popular level, much of it based on criticism of the New Testament. His thirty books include three college textbooks and five New York Times bestsellers, Misquoting Jesus, Jesus, Interrupted, Gods Problem, Forged and his books have been translated into 27 languages. In The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture, Ehrman argues that there was a relationship between the social history of early Christianity and the textual tradition of the emerging New Testament. He examines how early struggles between Christian heresy and orthodoxy affected the transmission of the documents, Ehrman is often considered a pioneer in connecting the history of the early church to textual variants within biblical manuscripts and in coining such terms as proto-orthodox Christianity. In Truth and Fiction in The Da Vinci Code, Ehrman expands on his list of ten historical and factual inaccuracies in Dan Browns novel, in Misquoting Jesus, Ehrman introduces New Testament textual criticismBart D. Ehrman – Professor Bart D. Ehrman, Ph.D., M.Div.
10. Daniel Everett – Daniel Leonard Everett is an American linguist and author best known for his study of the Amazon Basins Pirahã people and their language. As of July 1,2010 he serves as Dean of Arts and Sciences at Bentley University in Waltham, prior to Bentley University, Everett was Chair of the Department of Languages, Literatures and Cultures at Illinois State University in Normal, Illinois. He has taught at the University of Manchester and is former Chair of the Linguistics Department of the University of Pittsburgh and he is married to Linda Ann Everett. In 2016, the University of Chicago press published Everetts book Dark Matter of the Mind and he is also working on How Language Began with Liveright Publishers. It is scheduled to appear in 2017, Everett was raised near the Mexican border. His father was a cowboy, mechanic, and construction worker. His mother was a waitress at a restaurant in Holtville. Everett played in bands from the time he was 11 years old until converting to Christianity at age 17, after meeting missionaries Al and Sue Graham in San Diego. At age 18 Everett married the daughter of missionaries, Keren. He completed a diploma in Foreign Missions from the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago in 1975, since 1999, Everetts stays in the jungle have notoriously included a generator powered freezer, and a large video and DVD collection. Says Everett, “After twenty years of living like a Pirahã, I’d had it with roughing it. ”His first marriage to Keren Graham lasted 35 years, Everett focused on the theories of Noam Chomsky. His masters thesis, Aspectos da Fonologia do Pirahã, was written under the direction of Dr. Aryon Rodrigues and his Ph. D. dissertation, A Lingua Pirahã e Teoria da Sintaxe, completed in 1983, was written under the direction of Dr. Charlotte Chamberlland Galves. This dissertation provided a detailed Chomskyan analysis of Pirahã, on one of his research missions in 1993, he documented the previously undocumented Oro Win language, one of the few languages that use the rare voiceless dental bilabially trilled affricate. Everett eventually concluded that Chomskys ideas about universal grammar, and the universality of recursion in particular, are falsified by Pirahã and his 2005 article in Current Anthropology, titled Cultural Constraints on Grammar and Cognition in Pirahã, has caused a controversy in the field of linguistics. Though a supporter of Everett in the part of Everetts career. The June 2009 issue of the Journal of the Linguistic Society of America, Language, blackwells booksellers in the UK selected this as one of the best books of 2009 in the UK. National Public Radio selected it as one of the best books of 2009 in the US, translations have appeared in German, French, and Korean, and others are due to appear in 2010 in Thai, and Mandarin. Dont Sleep, There Are Snakes was runner-up for the 2008 award for adult non-fiction from the Society of Midland Authors and this book develops an alternative to the view that language is innateDaniel Everett
11. Louis Farrakhan – Louis Farrakhan Sr. is an American religious leader, activist, and social commentator. After Warith Deen Muhammad disbanded the NOI and started the orthodox Islamic group American Society of Muslims, the Southern Poverty Law Center describes Farrakhan as antisemitic and a proponent of an anti-white theology. Farrakhan himself, however, disputes this view of his ideology, Farrakhan is a black religious and social leader. Farrakhan has been praised and criticized for his often controversial political views and outspoken rhetorical style. He has been criticized for remarks that have been perceived as antisemitic, anti-white, in October 1995, he organized and led the Million Man March in Washington, D. C. calling on black men to renew their commitments to their families and communities. Farrakhan, due to issues, reduced his responsibilities with the NOI in 2007. In recent years, however, Farrakhan has been very active, since 2010, Farrakhan has advocated L Ron Hubbards Dianetics and the use of its auditing technique despite not being a Scientologist. In 2015, he led the 20th Anniversary of the Million Man March, Farrakhan was born Louis Eugene Wolcott in The Bronx, New York, the younger of two sons of Sarah Mae Manning and Percival Clark, immigrants from the Caribbean islands. His mother was born in Saint Kitts and Nevis and his father was a Jamaican native. The couple split before Louis was born, Farrakhan says he never knew his biological father. His mother then moved in with Louis Wolcott from Barbados, who became his stepfather, after Louis stepfather died in 1936, the Wolcott family moved to Boston, Massachusetts, where they settled in the West Indian neighborhood of Roxbury. Starting at the age of six, Wolcott received rigorous training in the violin and he received his first violin at the age of six, and by the time he was 13 years old he had played with the Boston College Orchestra and the Boston Civic Symphony. A year later, he went on to win national competitions, in 1946, he was one of the first black performers to appear on the Ted Mack Original Amateur Hour, where he also won an award. He and his family were members of the Episcopal St. Cyprians Church in Roxbury. Wolcott attended the prestigious Boston Latin School, and later the English High School and he completed three years at Winston-Salem Teachers College, where he had a track scholarship. Wolcott married Betsy Ross while he was in college and she lived in Boston, and was pregnant with their child. Due to complications from the pregnancy, Wolcott dropped out after completing his year of college to devote time to her. Farrakhan has nine children, four sons and five daughters, in the 1950s, Wolcott started his professional music career by recording several calypso albums as a singer under the name The CharmerLouis Farrakhan – Louis Farrakhan
12. Robert Hayden – Robert Hayden was an American poet, essayist, and educator. He served as Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress from 1976–78 and he was the first African-American writer to hold the office. Robert Hayden was born Asa Bundy Sheffey in Detroit, Michigan, to Ruth and Asa Sheffey and he was taken in by a foster family next door, Sue Ellen Westerfield and William Hayden, and grew up in a Detroit ghetto nicknamed Paradise Valley. The Haydens perpetually contentious marriage, coupled with Ruth Sheffey’s competition for her sons affections, witnessing fights and suffering beatings, Hayden lived in a house fraught with chronic anger, whose effects would stay with him throughout his life. On top of that, his severe visual problems prevented him participating in activities such as sports in which nearly everyone else was involved. His childhood traumas resulted in debilitating bouts of depression that he called my dark nights of the soul. Because he was nearsighted and slight of stature, he was ostracized by his peers. In response, Hayden read voraciously, developing both an ear and an eye for transformative qualities in literature, leaving the Federal Writers Project in 1938, Hayden married Erma Morris in 1940 and published his first volume, Heart-Shape in the Dust. He enrolled at the University of Michigan in 1941 and won a Hopwood Award there, raised as a Baptist, he followed his wife into the Baháí Faith during the early 1940s, and raised a daughter, Maia, in the religion. Hayden became one of the best-known Baháí poets, Erma Hayden was a pianist and composer and served as supervisor of music for Nashville public schools. In pursuit of a degree, Hayden studied under W. H. Auden, who directed his attention to issues of poetic form, technique. Audens influence may be seen in the pith of Haydens verse. As a supporter of his religions teaching of the unity of humanity and he died in Ann Arbor, Michigan, in 1980, age 67. In 2012 the U. S. Postal Service issued a pane of stamps featuring ten great Twentieth Century American Poets and his refusal to revamp himself as indicated by the pictures of the 1960s earned him feedback from a few scholars and analysts. Haydens beliefs about the relationship of the artist to his poems likewise had impact in his refusal to compose emotionally determined protest sonnets, Haydens practice was to make separation between the speaker and the movement of the poem. On 7 April 1966, Haydens A Ballad of Remembrance was awarded, by unanimous vote, the festival had over ten thousand people from thirty-seven nations in attendance. Hayden was elected to the American Academy of Poets in 1975 and his most famous poem is Those Winter Sundays, which deals with the memory of fatherly love and loneliness. It ranks among the most anthologized American poems of the 20th century and he was awarded successive honorary degrees by Brown University and FiskRobert Hayden – Robert Hayden
13. Joseph E. B. Lumbard – Lumbard is currently a professor at The American University of Sharjah in the Department of Arabic and Translation Studies. Lumbard is a frequent lecturer and has part in several Interfaith dialogues. Born and raised in Washington D. C, Lumbard was brought up within the Episcopal Church, serving as an altar boy. In his teenage years he lost interest and he was introduced to Islam when a sophomore at George Washington University and he converted to Islam a year and a half later. He received a Ph. D. and M. Phil. in Islamic Studies from Yale University, an M. A. in Religious Studies and a B. A. from the George Washington University. In order to complement his Western university training, he studied Qur´an, Hadìth, Sufism, and Islamic philosophy with traditional teachers in Morocco, Egypt, Yemen, before returning to the United States, Lumbard worked as Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies at the American University in Cairo. A proponent of understanding, Dr. He is also the founder and first director of the Islamic Research Institute, submission, Faith and Beauty, The Religion of IslamJoseph E. B. Lumbard – Joseph Lumbard
14. Philip K. Paulson – Although removal was favored by successive court rulings, various tactics, including referendums, appeals and finally removing the underlying land to federal ownership prevented removing the cross. On June 25,2012, The Supreme Court, by denying certiorari, Paulson grew up in the village of Clayton, Wisconsin, and had two older brothers and two younger sisters. He had been married for a period but did not have any children. Paulson earned a degree in Journalism and masters degrees in Public Administration. After returning from Vietnam, he attended the University of Wisconsin, Paulson worked in various professions after returning from Vietnam, as a journalist, in shipyards, oil fields, and apple orchards. In the late 1970s, Paulson moved to San Diego and was a professor at National University where he taught business, in 2003 he signed the Humanist Manifesto. Paulson spent seventeen years arguing that the cross violated the separation of church, Constitution and the No Preference Clause of the California Constitution. His detractors, led by the daily newspaper in the city, The San Diego Union Tribune. In numerous articles and letters to the editor he was referred to as Atheist Philip Paulson”, with rarely a mention of his veteran status. He refused interviews and public speaking, except for an interview with the Union Tribune when he learned that he had terminal liver cancer. Upon his death at the age of 59 on October 25,2006, “The real message is equal treatment under the law, and religious neutrality. Thats the purpose of why I did it and it has nothing to do with me being an atheist. The fact is, the Constitution calls for no preference and thats why every judge ruled for me. ”When it became known that Paulson had only months to live, his friends and supporters organized a luncheon to honor him. Over a hundred people, including leaders of the movement to preserve separation of church and state. Among the many expressions of appreciation, this one speech on YouTube is available, in October 2006, the Freedom From Religion Foundation, at its annual convention in San Francisco, gave Paulson its first Atheist in a Foxhole award. He attended although he was able to travel due to his deteriorating health. LA Times Obituary, Philip Paulson,59, atheist, Vietnam veteran fought to have hilltop cross removedPhilip K. Paulson – Phil Paulson. 2006. Recognition ceremony, El Cajon, CA.
15. Doug Pinnick – He has performed on fifteen albums with Kings X, and recorded four solo albums. Pinnick has also participated in numerous projects, and has multiple guest appearances to his credit. He is recognized for his vocals, and heavily distorted bass tone. Doug Pinnick was born in Braidwood, Illinois then moved to Joliet and he grew up in a musical family where everyone either sang or played an instrument. He was raised by his great-grandmother, a religious woman. He has seventeen half-brothers and sisters, from three mothers and two fathers, when he was in grade school, Pinnick participated in choir and played saxophone. As a teenager, he listened to classic R&B and Motown artists such as Stevie Wonder, Little Richard, Pinnick sang in bands throughout high school, one of the earliest being a group called Stone Flower which he describes as Chicago Transit Authority meets Sly & The Family Stone. While attending Joliet Junior College in 1969, Pinnick was inspired by rock bands such as Led Zeppelin. Around this time, he started listening to perhaps his biggest influence. His dream was to form a band that all of these varied influences. After attending college for six months, Pinnick dropped out. At one point in the seventies, Pinnick moved to a Christian community in Florida. There, he remained involved in the business by promoting small shows by Christian rock bands. He soon grew tired of that and moved back to Illinois, in the mid seventies, Pinnick formed a band called Servant with keyboardist Matt Spransy. They were described as a progressive, art rock type of band along the lines of Yes and Emerson, the band played all over the midwest and put together a demo of original songs. Oddly enough, there was a band from Canada that also called themselves Servant who had scored a recording contract. Spransy joined the band in the late seventies, and recorded a song for the 1981 album Rockin Revival that he. Pinnick was also part of Alpha as well as his own Doug Pinnick Band shortly after Spransy joined the Canadian Servant, in 1979, Pinnick was invited to join a band that was forming in Springfield, MO. with singer Greg X. Volz of Petra fameDoug Pinnick – Doug Pinnick performing with King's X in 2009
16. Brad Pitt – William Bradley Brad Pitt in Shawnee Oklahoma. He is an American actor and producer and he has received multiple awards and nominations including an Academy Award as producer under his own company Plan B Entertainment. Pitt first gained recognition as a hitchhiker in the road movie Thelma & Louise. His first leading roles in big-budget productions came with the dramas A River Runs Through It and Legends of the Fall, Pitt starred in the cult film Fight Club and the heist film Oceans Eleven and its sequels, Oceans Twelve and Oceans Thirteen. As a public figure, Pitt has been cited as one of the most influential and powerful people in the American entertainment industry, as well as the worlds most attractive man and his personal life is also the subject of wide publicity. Divorced from actress Jennifer Aniston, to whom he was married for five years and they have six children together, three of whom were adopted internationally. In September 2016, Jolie filed for divorce from Pitt, William Bradley Pitt was born in Shawnee, Oklahoma, to William Bill Alvin Pitt, manager of a trucking company, and Jane Etta, a school counsellor. The family soon moved to Springfield, Missouri, where he lived together with his siblings, Douglas. Pitt has described Springfield as Mark Twain country, Jesse James country, having grown up with a lot of hills, Pitt attended Kickapoo High School, where he was a member of the golf, swimming and tennis teams. He participated in the schools Key and Forensics clubs, in school debates, following his graduation from high school, Pitt enrolled in the University of Missouri in 1982, majoring in journalism with a focus on advertising. As graduation approached, Pitt did not feel ready to settle down and he loved films—a portal into different worlds for me—and, since films were not made in Missouri, he decided to go to where they were made. Two weeks before earning his degree, Pitt left the university and moved to Los Angeles, while struggling to establish himself in Los Angeles, Pitt took lessons from acting coach Roy London. Pitts acting career began in 1987, with uncredited parts in the films No Way Out, No Mans Land and his television debut came in May 1987 with a two-episode role on the NBC soap opera Another World. In November of the same year Pitt had a guest appearance on the ABC sitcom Growing Pains and he appeared in four episodes of the CBS primetime series Dallas between December 1987 and February 1988 as Randy, the boyfriend of Charlie Wade. Later in 1988, Pitt made a guest appearance on the Fox police drama 21 Jump Street, in the same year, the Yugoslavian–U. S. Co-production The Dark Side of the Sun gave Pitt his first leading film role, the film was shelved at the outbreak of the Croatian War of Independence, and was not released until 1997. He made guest appearances on television series Head of the Class, Freddys Nightmares, Thirtysomething, and Growing Pains. Pitt was cast as Billy Canton, an addict who takes advantage of a young runaway in the 1990 NBC television movie Too Young to Die. the story of an abused teenager sentenced to death for a murderBrad Pitt – Pitt at the premiere of Fury in Washington D.C, October 2014
17. Eugenie Scott – Eugenie Carol Scott is an American physical anthropologist, a former university professor and an activist opposing the teaching of young earth creationism and intelligent design in schools. From 1986 to 2014, Scott served as the Executive Director of the National Center for Science Education and she holds a Ph. D. in biological anthropology from the University of Missouri. A human biologist, her research has been in medical anthropology, Scott serves on the National Advisory Council of Americans United for Separation of Church and State. Scott grew up in Wisconsin and first became interested in anthropology after reading her sisters anthropology textbook, Scott received a BS and MS from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, followed by a PhD from the University of Missouri. She also taught at the University of Colorado and at California State University and her research work focused on medical anthropology and skeletal biology. In 1980, Scott worked to prevent creationism from being taught in the schools of Lexington. Scott announced that she would be retiring from this position by the end of 2013 and her place was taken by Ann Reid. Scott is now a secular humanist and describes herself as a nontheist, in 2003, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that Scott describes herself as atheist but does not discount the importance of spirituality. In 2003 she was one of the signatories to the third humanist manifesto, Humanism, Scott is an expert on creationism and intelligent design. Her book Evolution vs. Creationism, An Introduction was published by Greenwood Press in 2004 and it has a foreword by Niles Eldredge. She co-edited with Glenn Branch the 2006 anthology Not in Our Classrooms, in 2006 Jon D. David Berlinski, a fellow at the Discovery Institute, describes Scott as an opponent who is often sent out to defend Darwin. Scott prefers to see herself as Darwins golden retriever, Scott has been profiled in The New York Times, Scientific American, The Scientist, the San Francisco Chronicle, and the Stanford Medical Magazine. She has had been interviewed for Science & Theology News, CSICOP, Church & State and she has commentary published by Science & Theology News, Metanexus Institute. Scott has taken part in debates on MSNBC and Fox News. In 2004, Scott represented the National Center for Science Education on the Showtime television show Penn & Teller, on the episode titled Creationism, where she offered philosophical views about the creationist and intelligent design movements. Judge John Jones ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, Scott and her husband, lawyer Thomas C. Sager, have one daughter and reside in Berkeley, California, Berkeley & Los Angeles, California, University of California Press. ISBN 0-313-32122-1 Eugenie C. Scott & Glenn Branch, Not in Our Classrooms, Why Intelligent Design Is Wrong for Our SchoolsEugenie Scott – Scott in May 2014
18. Morgan Spurlock – The film was his directorial debut, following his contributions as a production assistant on the features Bullets over Broadway, Léon, The Professional and Kiss of Death. Spurlocks other notable films include Where in the World Is Osama bin Laden, POM Wonderful Presents, The Greatest Movie Ever Sold, Comic-Con Episode IV, A Fans Hope and One Direction, This Is Us. He was the producer and star of the reality television series 30 Days. In June 2013, Spurlock became host and producer of the CNN show Morgan Spurlock Inside Man and he is also the co-founder of short-film content marketing company Cinelan, which produced the Focus Forward campaign for GE. Spurlock was born in Parkersburg, West Virginia, but was raised in Beckley and his parents, Phyllis and Ben Spurlock, raised him as a Methodist. He has said he is of Scots-Irish and English descent, Spurlock was educated at Woodrow Wilson High School, a public high school in the city of Beckley, West Virginia, followed by New York University, from which he graduated in 1993. He is a member of the fraternity Phi Gamma Delta, Spurlock attended Woodrow Wilson High School in Beckley, West Virginia, graduating in 1989. He graduated with a BFA in film from New York Universitys Tisch School of the Arts in 1993 and he also created I Bet You Will for MTV. I Bet You Will began as a popular Internet webcast of five-minute episodes featuring ordinary people doing stunts in exchange for money. Examples include eating a jar of mayonnaise, eating a worm burrito, and taking shots of corn oil, Pepto-Bismol, lemon juice, hot sauce, cold chicken broth. The webcast was a success, with over a million hits in the first five days, MTV later bought and aired the show. The list of films that inspired Spurlock includes Brothers Keeper, Hoop Dreams, The Thin Blue Line, Roger and Me, Harlan County USA. He considers Brothers Keeper the greatest documentary of all time, Spurlocks docudrama Super Size Me was released in the U. S. on May 7,2004. This production was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary feature. The film depicts an experiment he conducted in 2003, in which he ate three McDonalds meals a day every day for 30 days. The films title derives from one of the rules of Spurlocks experiment, he would not refuse the super-size option whenever it was offered to him, the result, according to Spurlock, was a diet with twice the calories recommended by the USDA. Further, Spurlock attempted to curtail his physical activity to match the exercise habits of the average American. He was of above average health and fitness when he started the project, he gained 25 pounds, became quite puffy, Spurlocks supervising physicians noted the effects caused by his high-calorie diet—once even comparing it to a case of severe binge alcoholismMorgan Spurlock – Spurlock at the 2012 Tribeca Film Festival world premiere of Mansome
19. Oliver Stone – William Oliver Stone is an American screenwriter, film director, and producer. Stone won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay as writer of Midnight Express and he also wrote the acclaimed gangster movie Scarface. As a director, Stone achieved prominence as director/writer of the war drama Platoon, for which Stone won the Academy Award for Best Director, Platoon was the first in a trilogy of films based on the Vietnam War, in which Stone served as an infantry soldier. He continued the series with Born on the Fourth of July —for which Stone won his second Best Director Oscar—and Heaven & Earth. Many of Stones films focus on controversial American political issues during the late 20th century and they often combine different camera and film formats within a single scene, as evidenced in JFK, Natural Born Killers, and Nixon. Stone was born September 15,1946, in New York City, the son of Jacqueline and Louis Stone and he grew up in Manhattan and Stamford, Connecticut. His parents met during World War II, when his father was fighting as a part of the Allied force in France and his American-born father was a non-practicing Jew, and his French-born mother was a non-practicing Roman Catholic. Stone was raised in the Episcopal Church, and now practices Buddhism, Stone attended Trinity School in New York City before his parents sent him away to The Hill School, a college-preparatory school in Pottstown, Pennsylvania. His parents were divorced abruptly while he was away at school, Stones mother was often absent and his father made a big impact on his life, father-son relationships were to feature heavily in Stones films. He often spent parts of his vacations with his maternal grandparents in France. Stone also worked at 17 in the Paris mercantile exchange in sugar, Stone graduated from The Hill School in 1964. Stone was admitted into Yale University, but left in June 1965 at age 18 to teach school students English for six months in Saigon at the Free Pacific Institute in South Vietnam. Afterwards, he worked as a wiper on a United States Merchant Marine ship in 1966 and he returned to Yale, where he dropped out a second time. In April 1967, Stone enlisted in the United States Army, from September 16,1967 to April 1968, he served in Vietnam with 2nd Platoon, B Company, 3rd Battalion, 25th Infantry Division and was twice wounded in action. He was then transferred to the First Cavalry Division participating in long range patrols before being transferred again to drive for an infantry unit of the division until November 1968. Stone graduated from New York University with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in film in 1971, Stone made a short, well received 12-minute film Last Year in Viet Nam. In 1979, Stone won his first Academy Award, after adapting true-life prison story Midnight Express into a hit film for British director Alan Parker. Stones screenplay for Midnight Express was criticized by some for its inaccuracies in portraying the events described in the book, the original author, Billy Hayes, around whom the film is set, spoke out against the film, protesting that he had many Turkish friends while in jailOliver Stone – Stone at the Subversive Festival, May 2013
20. John Stossel – John Frank Stossel is an American consumer television personality, author, and libertarian pundit, known for his career on both ABC News and Fox Business Channel. Stossels style combines reporting and commentary and it reflects a libertarian political philosophy and views on economics which are largely supportive of the free market. He began his career as a researcher for KGW-TV, was a consumer reporter at WCBS-TV in New York City. Stossel went on to be an ABC News correspondent, joining the news magazine program 20/20. Stossel also regularly provides analysis, appearing on various other Fox News Channel programs and he also writes a Fox News blog, John Stossels Take. As a reporter, Stossel has received honors including 19 Emmy Awards. Stossel has written three books recounting how his experiences in journalism shaped his views, Give Me a Break in 2004, Myths, Lies, and Downright Stupidity in 2007. Why Government Fails but Individuals Succeed in 2012, ABC said, His reporting goes against the grain of the established media and offers the network something fresh and different. Makes him a target of the groups he offends, Stossel has also served as a spokesman for the Stuttering Foundation of America. John F. Stossel was born on March 6,1947, in Chicago Heights, Illinois and they joined a Congregationalist church in the U. S. and Stossel was raised Protestant. He grew up on Chicagos affluent North Shore and graduated from New Trier High School. Stossel characterizes his older brother, Tom, as the superstar of the family, commenting, While I partied and played poker, he studied hard, got top grades, and went to Harvard Medical School. Stossel intended to go work at Seattle Magazine, but it had out of business by the time he graduated. His contacts there, however, got him a job at KGW-TV in Portland, Oregon, after a few years, the news director told Stossel to go on the air and read what he wrote. Stossel, who confesses to having been frightened of being on the air, has expressed embarrassment at watching videos of his early performances, nonetheless, Stossel says his fear spurred him to improve, examining broadcasts of David Brinkley and Jack Perkins to imitate them. Stossel also struggled with a problem he had harbored since childhood. Stossel was disappointed at CBS, feeling that the journalism was of a lower quality than in Portland, Stossel grew continuously more frustrated with having to follow the assignment editors vision of what was news. One day, Stossel bypassed the assignment editor to give Ed Joyce a list of ideas the assignment editor had rejectedJohn Stossel – Stossel outside Fox Studios after a taping of Stossel in June 2010.
21. Jesse Ventura – He was the first and only member of the Reform Party to win a major government position, but later joined the Independence Party of Minnesota. Ventura was a member of the U. S. Navy Underwater Demolition Team during the Vietnam War, after leaving the military, he embarked on a professional wrestling career from 1975 to 1986, taking the ring name Jesse The Body Ventura. He had a tenure in the World Wrestling Federation as a performer and color commentator. Near the end of his career, Ventura started acting, appearing in films such as Predator. Ventura first entered politics as Mayor of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, Venturas campaign was unexpectedly successful, with him narrowly defeating both the Democratic and Republican candidates. The highest elected official to win an election on a Reform Party ticket. As governor, Ventura oversaw reforms of Minnesotas property tax as well as the states first sales tax rebate, Other initiatives taken under Ventura included construction of the METRO Blue Line light rail in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area, and cuts in income taxes. Ventura left office in 2003, deciding not to run for re-election, after leaving office, Ventura became a visiting fellow at Harvard Universitys John F. Kennedy School of Government in 2004. He has since hosted a number of television shows and has written several political books. Ventura remains politically active and currently hosts a show on Ora TV, Ventura was born James George Janos on July 15,1951 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the son of George William Janos and his wife, Bernice Martha. Both of his parents were World War II veterans, Ventura has an older brother who served in the Vietnam War. Ventura has described himself as Slovak, since his fathers parents were from the Austro-Hungarian Empire in what is now Slovakia, Ventura was raised as a Lutheran. Born in south Minneapolis by the Lake Street bridge, he attended the Cooper Elementary School, Sanford Junior High School, Roosevelt High School inducted Ventura into its first hall of fame in September 2014. Ventura served in the United States Navy from December 1,1969, to September 10,1975, during the Vietnam War and he graduated in BUD/S class 58 in December 1970 and was part of Underwater Demolition Team 12. Ventura has frequently referred to his career in public statements. He was criticized by hunters and conservationists for stating in an interview with the Minneapolis Star Tribune in April 2001, Until you have hunted men, you havent hunted yet. Near the end of his service in the Navy, Ventura began to time with the South Bay chapter of the Mongols motorcycle club in San Diego. He would ride onto Naval Base Coronado on his Harley-Davidson wearing his Mongol colors, according to Ventura, he was a full-patch member of the club and even third-in-command of his chapter, but he never had any problems with the authoritiesJesse Ventura – Jesse Ventura
22. Amina Wadud – Amina Wadud is an American scholar of Islam with a progressive focus on Quran exegesis. Wadud was born Mary Teasley to an African-American family in Bethesda and her father was a Methodist minister. In 1972 she converted to Islam, while a student at the University of Pennsylvania and she officially changed her name to Amina Wadud two years later. In 1975 Wadud graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with a bachelor of science and she received her M. A. in Near Eastern Studies and her Ph. D. in Arabic and Islamic Studies from the University of Michigan in 1988. During graduate school, she studied in Egypt, including advanced Arabic at the American University in Cairo, Quranic studies and tafsir at Cairo University, Waduds research specialities include gender and Quranic studies. From 1989 to 1992 she worked as an assistant professor in Quranic Studies at IIUM, while there, she published her dissertation Quran and Woman, Rereading the Sacred Text from a Womans Perspective and co-founded the non-governmental organization Sisters in Islam. The book is used by the NGO as a basic text for activists and academics. In 1992 Wadud accepted a position as Professor of Religion and Philosophy at Virginia Commonwealth University and she retired in 2008, and took up a position as a visiting professor at the Center for Religious and Cross Cultural Studies at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Wadud has spoken at universities, as well as grassroots, government and non-government forums throughout the United States, Wadud has also openly advocated pluralism and equality as an endorsement of a LGBT rights. In August 1994, Wadud delivered a Friday khutbah on Islam as Engaged Surrender at the Claremont Main Road Mosque in Cape Town, at the time, this was unheard of in the Muslim world. As a result, there were attempts in Virginia by some Muslims to have her dismissed from her position at Virginia Commonwealth University. More than a later, Wadud decided to lead Friday prayers for a congregation in the United States, breaking with Islamic laws. On Friday 18 March 2005, Wadud acted as imam for a congregation of about 60 women and 40 men seated together, the call to prayer was given by another woman, Suheyla El-Attar. It was sponsored by the Muslim Womens Freedom Tour, under the leadership of Asra Nomani, by the website Muslim WakeUp. a small number of protestors gathered outside against the prayer. She said, I dont want to change Muslim mosques, I want to encourage the hearts of Muslims, both in their public, private and ritual affairs, to believe they are one and equal. The prayer service drew controversy, with mixed reactions from the Muslim community, over 100 men and women attended the prayers, and about 15 people protested outside the church. Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi of Qatar said that, while a woman could lead other women and even possibly her young children in salat, egyptian academic Gamal al-Banna argued that her actions were supported by Islamic sources. Writer and Harvard Divinity School professor Leila Ahmed said it brought attention to the issue of women in Islam, moosa called the prayer a wonderful moveAmina Wadud – Amina Wadud
23. Suhaib Webb – Suhaib Webb is an American Muslim imam who is currently the imam of the Islamic Society of Boston Cultural Center. He was born William Webb in 1973 in Oklahoma to a Christian family, at age 14, he lost interest in religion, going through a self-described spiritual crisis. He also began engaging in delinquency by joining a gang and became a local Hip-Hop DJ and producer. After converting to Islam in 1992, Webb left his career as a DJ and studied at the University of Central Oklahoma and he simultaneously started teaching at Mercy School, an Islamic K-12 school in Oklahoma City. Webb is a member of the Muslim American Society and its youth department and has been so for the last ten years. It is through the Muslim American Societys scholarship program that he was sent to Egypt to attain fluency in Arabic, Webb frequently hosts lectures and posts articles offering Islamic perspectives on modern-day issues such as community involvement and social relevance. Apart from his studies, he lectures in the United States and Malaysia. After graduating from Al-Azhar, he moved to Santa Clara in the San Francisco Bay area, on December 1,2011, Webb was inaugurated as the Imam of the Islamic Society of Bostons Cultural Center, the largest Islamic center in New England. Webb was named one of the 500 Most Influential Muslims in the World by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre in 2010. Webbs website, SuhaibWebb. com, was voted the best Blog of the Year by the 2009 Brass Crescent Awards, in the April 2016 issue of Dabiq Magazine, The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant declared him a murtadd. Webb joined a trip of imams to Auschwitz in 2010, followed by a statement to condemning Holocaust-denial. He helped raise $20,000 for widows and children of firefighters killed in the 9/11 attack and he is a part of efforts to more effectively rebut militants and religious extremists and is an advocate for grassroots Muslim activism to promote social change. He advocates for an American-style Islam, one which he claims to be true to the Quran and Islamic law but that reflects this countrys customs and that night, Webb and Awlaki raised $100,000 to pay for Brown’s defense. Brown was found guilty of the murder and was denied an appeal by Georgias Supreme Court. ”In 2007, Webb wrote an article calling homosexuality an “evil inclination”. He says he has since re-thought the issue and says that homosexuality is sinful. Webb has also had LGBT people contribute to his website, noting that a time has come for a change on who the community addresses this issue, Webb still attended in the pews along with several other prominent imams. Webb was replaced by Nasser Wedaddy, director of civil rights outreach for the American Islamic Congress, official website Suhaib Webb Video and Audio lectures from Halal Tube Suhaib comments on his conversion to IslamSuhaib Webb – Suhaib Webb
24. Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart – An advocate of polyamory, she is credited with coining the word. With her husband Oberon Zell-Ravenheart she designed deity images, Morning Glory was born as Diana Moore in 1948 in Long Beach, California. She was raised a child in a strict Christian household by her Pentecostal mother. At age 14 she broke with Christianity after arguing with her Methodist minister grandfather that animals had souls and she was strongly influenced by the Sybil Leek book, Diary of a Witch, which she read during high school. At the age of 17, Diana began practicing witchcraft, at the age of 20 she changed her name to Morning Glory because she did not care for the chastity requirement demanded of followers of the goddess Diana. While en route to join a commune near Eugene, Oregon, in 1969, the two were soon married, and the next year she gave birth to a daughter whom she named Rainbow. As a mother she was known as Morning Glory Ferns, although Gary and Morning Glory conducted an open marriage, the union was broken when she met Timothy Zell after he gave the 1973 keynote speech at Gnosticon in Minnesota. Morning Glory divorced Gary and brought her daughter to St. Louis, Missouri, Morning Glory and Zell married at the Gnosticon of Easter 1974, the well-attended ceremony performed by Archdruid Isaac Bonewits and High Priestess Carolyn Clark. In St. Louis, Morning Glory studied and was made a priestess of Zells Church of All Worlds and she helped him edit the groups journal, Green Egg. In 1976 the two began almost a decade of traveling, adventure, and living in various retreats and in a bus they converted to a mobile home. Their wandering years ended in 1985 when they took up permanent residence at Coeden Brith, initially for the purpose of raising unicorns created from horn surgery on baby goats, which they did. In 1979 Timothy Zell changed his first name to Otter, and for a time the couple styled their surnames as GZell. In 1994 he changed his name to Oberon, for Morning Glory, the ideal marriage has always been an open one, and her relationship with Zell developed into a polyamorous one made up of three people from 1984 to 1994, including Diane Darling. When this arrangement ended, Zell and Morning Glory bonded with others to make a marriage of five, the group took the collective surname Zell-Ravenheart, and lived in two large homes. Morning Glorys May 1990 article A Bouquet of Lovers, first published in Green Egg, the article is widely cited as the original source of the word polyamory, although the word does not appear in the article—the hyphenated form poly-amorous does instead. With Darling, Morning Glory revived Green Egg in May 1988, the journal had been defunct since 1976. In 1990, she established the business Mythic Images, offering for sale reproductions of goddess, Morning Glory ran the business in addition to lecturing and writing. In 1999, the Zell-Ravenhearts moved to Sonoma County, California, where Oberon started the Grey School of Wizardry, Morning Glory went to the hospital in 2005 to treat broken bones suffered in a fallMorning Glory Zell-Ravenheart – Morning Glory Zell praying for healing
25. Michael Zimmerman (jurist) – Michael D. Zimmerman is a prominent attorney, a former justice of the Utah Supreme Court, and a Zen teacher at Two Arrows Zen located in Salt Lake City, Utah. His legal career is notable in a number of ways, Zimmerman was the first graduate from the University of Utah Law School to clerk for the U. S. Supreme Court, working for Chief Justice Warren E. Burger. He was then an early hire at OMelvany & Meyers LLP in Los Angeles and he later became special counsel to Utah’s Governor Scott M. Matheson, and was a participant in both public policy advocacy and decision making. In 1984, in his early 40s, Zimmerman was appointed to the Utah Supreme Court, in addition to being an accomplished attorney, Zimmerman is a Zen Buddhist teacher. He received shiho from his teacher Dennis Genpo Merzel in December 2006, Zimmerman, the former Chief Justice of the Utah Supreme Court, is married to Diane Musho Hamilton. As a justice he was known for his ethics, receiving in 1994 the Excellence in Ethics Award from the Center for the Study of Ethics at Utah Valley State College. Zimmerman had come to Zen Buddhism in 1993 seeking a support system for himself as his first wife Lynne battled terminal cancer, later, through his work in the courts, he met Diane and began sitting zazen at Kanzeon Zen Center with Merzel under Hamiltons suggestion. The two were married by Merzel in 1998, Zimmerman is currently a practicing attorney and partner at Zimmerman, Jones, and Booher in Salt Lake City. From 1984 to 2000 he served as a Justice for the Utah Supreme Court, michael Zimmerman was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1943. He attended university at the University of Utah, entering its law school and he was also awarded order of the coif for his academic achievement. Following graduation, Zimmerman moved to Washington, D. C. and worked as a clerk for Warren E. Burger. He then moved to Los Angeles, working as a lawyer for O’Melveny & Myers there, Zimmerman moved back to Utah to practice law for a short period, also serving as a special counsel to Utah Governor Scott Milne Matheson part time. Zimmerman began a practice in 1993 while his first wife. She died the year, in January 1994, after a year-long struggle with cancer. Zimmerman continued to serve as Chief Justice of the Utah Supreme Court during this time, in 1996, at the suggestion of Diane Hamilton, he began sitting zazen at Kanzeon Zen Center. In 1998 he received jukai and was given the Buddhist name of Mugaku, later that year, he was married by his teacher, Dennis Genpo Merzel, to Diane Musho Hamilton. In December 2006 he received Dharma transmission from Dennis Genpo Merzel, giving him authority to teach Zen to othersMichael Zimmerman (jurist) – Michael and his wife, Diane Musho Hamilton