Category:American lawyers and judges of Italian descent
Pages in category "American lawyers and judges of Italian descent"
The following 85 pages are in this category, out of 85 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 85 pages are in this category, out of 85 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Italian Americans – Italian Americans are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Italy, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics. Italian Americans are the fourth largest European ethnic group in the United States, about 5.5 million Italians immigrated to the United States from 1820 to 2004. Immigration began in earnest during the 1870s, when more than twice as many Italians immigrated than during the five previous decades altogether. The 1870s were followed by the greatest surge of immigration, which occurred in the period between 1880 and 1914 and brought more than 4 million Italians to America. This period of large scale immigration ended abruptly with the onset of the First World War in 1914 and, except for one year, further immigration would be greatly limited by a number of restrictive laws passed by Congress in the 1920s. Approximately 84% of the Italian immigrants came from Southern Italy and Sicily, after unification, the Italian government initially encouraged emigration to relieve economic pressures in the South. After the American Civil War, which resulted in over a million killed or wounded, immigrant workers were recruited from Italy. In the United States, most Italians began their new lives as manual laborers in Eastern cities, mining camps, Italian Americans gradually moved from the lower rungs of the economic scale in the first generation to a level comparable to the national average by 1970. By 1990, more than 65% of Italian Americans were managerial, professional, the Italian-American communities have often been characterized by strong ties with family, the Catholic Church, fraternal organizations and political parties. Today, over 17 million Americans claim Italian ancestry, third only to Brazil with 31 million, and Argentina, Italians and their descendants in America have helped to shape the country and, in turn, have adapted to it. They have gained prominence in politics, sports, the media, the arts, the culinary arts. Italian navigators and explorers played a key role in the discovery, exploration, christopher Columbus, the explorer who first reached the Americas in 1492–1504, was Italian. Another notable Italian explorer, Amerigo Vespucci, who explored the east coast of South America between 1499 and 1502, is the source of the name America. Englands claims in North America were based on the voyages of the Italian explorer John Cabot, in 1524 the Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to map the Atlantic coast of todays United States, and to enter New York Bay. In 1539, Marco da Nizza, explored the territory later became the states of Arizona. In the 17th century, Henri de Tonti, together with the French explorer LaSalle, De Tonti founded the first European settlement in Illinois in 1679, and in Arkansas in 1683. With LaSalle, he co-founded New Orleans, and was governor of the Louisiana Territory for the next 20 years and his brother Alphonse de Tonty, with French explorer Antoine Cadillac, was the co-founder of Detroit in 1701, and was its acting colonial governor for 12 years. Spain and France were Catholic countries and sent many missionaries to convert the native population, included among these missionaries were numerous Italians
2. Lawyer – A lawyer is a person who practices law, as an advocate, barrister, attorney, counselor or solicitor or chartered legal executive. The role of the lawyer varies greatly across legal jurisdictions, in practice, legal jurisdictions exercise their right to determine who is recognized as being a lawyer. As a result, the meaning of the lawyer may vary from place to place. In Australia, the lawyer is used to refer to both barristers and solicitors. In Canada, the word lawyer refers to individuals who have been called to the bar or. Common law lawyers in Canada are formally and properly called barristers and solicitors, however, in Quebec, civil law advocates often call themselves attorney and sometimes barrister and solicitor in English. The Legal Services Act 2007 defines the activities that may only be performed by a person who is entitled to do so pursuant to the Act. Lawyer is not a protected title, in India, the term lawyer is often colloquially used, but the official term is advocate as prescribed under the Advocates Act,1961. In Scotland, the word refers to a more specific group of legally trained people. It specifically includes advocates and solicitors, in a generic sense, it may also include judges and law-trained support staff. In the United States, the term refers to attorneys who may practice law. It is never used to refer to patent agents or paralegals, in fact, there are regulatory restrictions on non-lawyers like paralegals practicing law. Other nations tend to have terms for the analogous concept. In most countries, particularly civil law countries, there has been a tradition of giving many legal tasks to a variety of civil law notaries, clerks, and scriveners. Several countries that originally had two or more legal professions have since fused or united their professions into a type of lawyer. Most countries in this category are common law countries, though France, in countries with fused professions, a lawyer is usually permitted to carry out all or nearly all the responsibilities listed below. Arguing a clients case before a judge or jury in a court of law is the province of the barrister in England. However, the boundary between barristers and solicitors has evolved, in England today, the barrister monopoly covers only appellate courts, and barristers must compete directly with solicitors in many trial courts
3. Judge – A judge presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges. The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, the judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and, typically, in an open court. In some jurisdictions, the judges powers may be shared with a jury, in inquisitorial systems of criminal investigation, a judge might also be an examining magistrate. A variety of traditions have become associated with the rank or occupation, in many parts of the world, judges wear long robes and sit on an elevated platform during trials. In some countries, especially in the Commonwealth of Nations, judges wear wigs, the long wig often associated with judges is now reserved for ceremonial occasions, although it was part of the standard attire in previous centuries. A short wig resembling but not identical to a wig would be worn in court. This tradition, however, is being phased out in Britain in non-criminal courts, American judges frequently wear black robes. American judges have ceremonial gavels, although American judges have court deputies or bailiffs, however, in some of the Western United States, like California, judges did not always wear robes and instead wore everyday clothing. Today, some members of state courts, such as the Maryland Court of Appeals wear distinct dress. In Italy and Portugal both judges and lawyers wear black robes. In Oman, the judge wears a stripe, while the attorneys wear the black gown. In Hong Kong, court proceedings are conducted in either English or Cantonese Chinese, Judges of Hong Kong retain many of the English traditions such as wearing wigs and robes in trials. In the lower courts, magistrates are addressed as Your worship, in writing, the post-nominal letters PJ is used to refer to a permanent judge of the Court of Final Appeal and NPJ to a non-permanent judge. In the High Court, the abbreviation JA is used to denote a justice of appeal, Masters of the High Court are addressed as Master. When trials are conducted in Chinese, judges were addressed, in Cantonese, as Fat Goon Dai Yan before the transfer of sovereignty from the United Kingdom to China, and as Fat Goon Gok Ha since 1997. In India, judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts were addressed as Your Lordship or My Lord and Your Ladyship or My Lady, the Bar Council of India had adopted a resolution in April 2006 and added a new Rule 49 in the Advocates Act. As per the rule, lawyers can address the court as Your Honour, if it is a subordinate court, lawyers can use terms such as sir or any equivalent phrase in the regional language concerned. Explaining the rationale behind the move, the Bar Council had held that the such as My Lord
4. Andrew Cuomo – Andrew Mark Cuomo is an American politician and attorney who has been the 56th Governor of New York since January 1,2011. A member of the Democratic Party, he was elected in 2010, holding the position his father, Mario Cuomo. Born in Queens, New York City, Cuomo is a graduate of Fordham University and Albany Law School of Union University, New York in New York. He began his working as the campaign manager for his father. He founded HELP USA, and was appointed Chair of the New York City Homeless Commission, in 1993, Cuomo joined the Clinton Administration, when he was appointed Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development in the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. From 1997 to 2001, he was U. S. Secretary of Housing, in 2006, Cuomo was elected Attorney General of New York. In May 2010, Cuomo announced he was running for Governor in the 2010 election, during his first term, New York legalized same-sex marriage and toughened gun control. In 2014, he was elected to a term with 54% of the vote. Cuomo was born on December 6,1957, in the New York City borough of Queens and his parents were both of Italian descent, his paternal grandparents were from Nocera Inferiore and Tramonti in South Italy, while his maternal grandparents were both from Sicily. His younger brother is CNN journalist Chris Cuomo and he graduated from St. Gerard Majellas School in 1971 and Archbishop Molloy High School in 1975. He received a B. A. from Fordham University in 1979, from 1984 to 1985, Cuomo was a New York assistant district attorney, and briefly worked at the law firm of Blutrich, Falcone & Miller. He founded Housing Enterprise for the Less Privileged in 1986 and left his law firm to run HELP full-time in 1988, budgets enacted during his term contained initiatives to increase the supply of affordable housing and home ownership, and to create jobs and economic development. During Cuomos tenure as HUD Secretary, he called for an increase in home ownership and he also pushed government-sponsored lenders Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to buy more home loans issued to poor homeowners, in an attempt to end discrimination against minorities. Some believe that this lead to the recent subprime mortgage crisis. Edward J. Pinto, former chief credit officer at Fannie Mae, Cuomo was pushing mortgage bankers to make loans and basically saying you have to offer a loan to everybody. But others disagree with the assessment that Cuomo caused the crisis, dean Baker, co-director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research, said Cuomo was a contributor in terms of him being a cheerleader, but I dont think we can pin too much blame on him. He championed a new program called Community Builders, created without appropriation by Congress, in a June 16,1999, speech, Cuomo declared that one purpose of the program was to fight against HUDs abolition. In August 1999, Community Builders distributed a letter to community groups to fight against proposed tax cuts, in 1999, Gaffneys office concluded that most Community Builders goals were activities rather than actual accomplishments
5. Samuel Alito – Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr. is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated by President George W. Bush and has served on the court since January 31,2006 and he is the 110th justice, the second Italian-American, and the eleventh Roman Catholic to serve on the court. Alito is considered one of the most conservative justices on the Court and he has described himself as a practical originalist. Alitos majority opinions in cases include McDonald v. Chicago. Alito was born in Trenton, New Jersey, the son of Samuel A. Alito, Sr. an Italian immigrant, and the former Rose Fradusco, an Italian-American. Alitos father, now deceased, was a school teacher and then became the first Director of the New Jersey Office of Legislative Services. Alitos mother is a retired schoolteacher, Alito grew up in Hamilton Township, New Jersey, a suburb of Trenton. It also called for the decriminalization of sodomy, and urged for an end to discrimination against gays in hiring by employers and he also led the American Whig-Cliosophic Societys Debate Panel during his time at Princeton. While a sophomore at Princeton, Alito received a low number,32. In 1970, he became a member of the schools Army ROTC program, attending a basic training camp that year at Fort Knox. Alito was a member of the Concerned Alumni of Princeton, which was formed in October 1972 at least in part to oppose Princetons decisions regarding affirmative action, Alito has cited the banning and subsequent treatment of ROTC by the university as his reason for belonging to CAP. During his senior year at Princeton, Alito moved out of New Jersey for the first time to study in Italy, where he wrote his thesis on the Italian legal system. Graduating in 1972, Alito left a sign of his lofty aspirations in his yearbook and he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the U. S. Army Signal Corps after his graduation from Princeton and assigned to the United States Army Reserve. Following his graduation from Yale Law School, he served on duty from September to December 1975. The remainder of his time in the Army was served in the inactive Reserves and he was a captain when he received an honorable discharge in 1980. After graduating from Yale Law School in 1975, where he was an editor of the Yale Law Journal, garth in Newark, New Jersey in 1976 and 1977. He interviewed with Supreme Court Justice Byron White for a clerkship but was not hired, between 1977 and 1981, Alito was Assistant United States Attorney, District of New Jersey. While serving as an Assistant U. S. Attorney for New Jersey, he prosecuted many cases that involved drug trafficking, from 1981 to 1985, Alito was Assistant to Solicitor General Rex E. Lee
6. Anthony J. Celebrezze – Celebrezze was born to Dorothy and Rocco Cilibrizzi in Anzi, a town in the region of Basilicata, Italy, one of thirteen children. The family moved to the United States when he was two old, and the surname was Americanized to Celebrezze /sɛləˈbriːzi/. Having been a shepherd in Anzi, Rocco learned of work on the Wheeling, like many of his generation, Celebrezze did odd jobs as youngster, shining shoes and selling newspapers. He attended Cleveland Public Schools, graduating from Central High School and he graduated from John Carroll University in 1934, during which time he worked as railroad laborer and freight truck driver, as well as boxer, to pay his way. He later attended Ohio Northern University in Ada, Ohio, where he received a Bachelor of Laws in 1936 from the Ohio Northern University, Celebrezze began working for the Ohio Unemployment Commission in Columbus, Ohio. In 1938, he passed the bar and returned to Cleveland and that same year, he married Anne M. Marco, a graduate of Western Reserve University and a teacher in the Cleveland Public School system, on May 7,1938. With the on-set of World War II, he served in the U. S. Navy, upon his discharge at the end of the war, he returned to private practice. In 1950, Celebrezze ran for a seat in the Ohio State Senate, vacated by Howard Metzenbaum and he served as an Ohio state senator from 1951 to 1953. One of the few Democrats to serve in the Senate at the time, then-Governor Frank J. Lausche, a Democrat and former Cleveland Mayor, did not have a good relationship with the Democratic leadership in the Senate. Lausche thus relied heavily on Celebrezze to represent his interests in the Senate, Celebrezze was nevertheless renominated by his party and won the general election. Ironically, he would face off against DiSalle six years later in his bid for the statehouse. In 1952, after continuing battles with the Democratic leadership in the Senate, the office was open because sitting Mayor Thomas A. Burke had decided not to seek another term. The Democratic party organization chose Cuyahoga County Engineer Albert S. Porter to succeed Burke, Celebrezze, although he did not have the support of Chairman Miller, did have the backing of Governor Lausche. Mayor Burke did not take sides between Celebrezze and Porter, in the open primary between Porter, Celebrezze, and Republican juvenile court Judge William J. McDermott, Celebrezze pulled off a decisive victory, with a substantial lead over McDermott. In the general election, Celebrezze again defeated Republican McDermott, the endorsement from the Cleveland Press editor Louis B. Seltzer was always credited for Celebrezzes victory, simply put, Seltzer endorsed the inevitable winner making it look like he crowned a new mayor. Celebrezze was elected an unprecedented five terms as mayor, from 1953 to 1962. At the time, Cleveland was the fifth-largest city in the nation, Celebrezze drove efforts to build or upgrade the citys infrastructure, a massive $140 million urban-renewal program
7. Richard J. Daronco – Richard Joseph Daronco was an American judge and lawyer from New York, a lifelong resident of Pelham. He served as a New York State judge for 17 years, on May 21,1988, he was assassinated, becoming one of three federal judges to be intentionally killed in the line of judicial service in the twentieth century. Born in New York, New York, Daronco was the son of a setter who emigrated from Italy. He attended the New York Military Academy in Cornwall, NY before receiving a Bachelor of Arts from Providence College in 1953 and he received an LL. B. from Albany Law School in 1956. From 1956 to 1958, Daronco served in the United States Army as a private, Daronco was in private practice as a trial lawyer in New York City from 1958 to 1959. He continued his practice in White Plains, New York from 1959 to 1971, in 1971, Daronco began his judicial career with an appointment by Governor Nelson Rockefeller as Judge of the New York Family Court for Westchester County, on which he served until 1974. He then became Judge of the Westchester County Court from 1974 to 1979, in this capacity, he administered the 450 courts of Upstate New York. He was also a professor at Pace University School of Law from 1983 to 1988. Additionally, he taught as a professor at Fordham University School of Law from 1983 to 1988. Daronco was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 7,1987, Richard Daronco, a lifelong resident of Pelham, was known as a family man and a churchgoer who was devout in his Catholic faith. He married Joan ORourke in 1957 and had five children and his brother, Paul, served as the Mayor of Pelham. She opted to represent herself pro se after being represented by three different attorneys, the last of whom withdrew from the case. She had previously rejected a settlement in the hundreds of thousands of dollars. Daronco was the judge to preside over this case that had already spanned seven years of litigation. On May 19,1988, Daronco issued a 39-page written decision at the conclusion of the 10-day trial holding in the defendant employers favor and he wrote in his decision that Ms. Kosters claim had not a scintilla of credible evidence. One day later, Charles L. m. from his home in Bath and he stayed the night at an unknown location. The following day, May 21, Koster parked several blocks away from Daroncos home and he walked to Daroncos house and approached the judge while he was doing yard work in his home garden. Seconds later, Koster fired four shots at Judge Daronco from a.38 caliber revolver, Daronco, though wounded by at least three shots, one of which had caused major bleeding from striking a femoral artery of the thigh, attempted to escape through his kitchen door
8. Benjamin Civiletti – Benjamin Richard Civiletti served as the United States Attorney General during the last year and a half of the Carter administration, from 1979 to 1981. He was the first Italian American to serve as Attorney General, born in Peekskill, New York, in 1935. Civiletti was serving as the Deputy Attorney General when his boss Griffin B and he was elevated to the top job in the Justice Department on July 19,1979. Although Bell resigned voluntarily, his resignation occurred during a major Cabinet shakeup in the Carter administration, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare Joseph A. Califano, Jr. and Secretary of the Treasury W. Michael Blumenthal also resigned the same day. Transportation Secretary Brock Adams soon followed, as the Attorney General, Civiletti argued several important cases on behalf of the U. S. government. He also argued before the Supreme Court in support of the right to denaturalize Nazi war criminals in Fedorenko v. United States. S. On November 12,2008, the Commission voted 13-7, with Civiletti voting with the majority, Civiletti and his wife, the former Gaile L. Lundgren, had three children, Benjamin H. Andrew S. and Lynne T. Civiletti
9. Andrew Napolitano – Andrew Peter Napolitano is an American syndicated columnist whose work appears in numerous publications, such as Fox News, The Washington Times, and Reason. He is a senior judicial analyst for Fox News, commenting on legal news, Napolitano was temporarily taken off the air in March 2017 over allegations he made that U. S. President Barack Obama wiretapped Trump Tower. He served as a New Jersey Superior Court judge from 1987 to 1995 and as a professor at Brooklyn Law School. Napolitano was born in Newark, New Jersey and he is a graduate of Princeton University and Notre Dame Law School. He was admitted to the New Jersey bar in 1975, after law school, Napolitano entered private practice as a litigator. Napolitano first taught law for a period in 1980–1981 at Delaware Law School. Napolitano sat on the New Jersey bench from 1987 to 1995, as a judge, Napolitano issued several notable decisions. Napolitano found that New Jersey’s Frivolous Pleading Statute could be applied against the state as well as private litigants whose claims were frivolous. In Cusseaux v. Pickett, Napolitano decided that a woman who was abused and mistreated by her husband has a cause of action against her abuser for the resulting battered person syndrome. He resigned his judgeship in 1995 for private practice and he later pursued a writing, teaching, and television career. He also served as a professor at Seton Hall University School of Law for 11 years from 1989–2000. Differing from similar formats, the plaintiffs and defendants were represented pro bono by famous attorneys, Napolitano departed the series after its first season. From 2006 to 2010, Napolitano co-hosted a talk show on Fox News Radio with Brian Kilmeade titled Brian. Napolitano hosted a talk show called Freedom Watch that aired daily, with new episodes on weekdays. Frequent guests on Freedom Watch were Congressman Ron Paul and Lew Rockwell, Napolitano has promoted the works of Friedrich Hayek and Ludwig von Mises on his program. The show originally aired once a week, every Wednesday at 2,00 p. m. on Fox News Strategy Room. On September 14,2009, it begin to air three to four times a week, and on June 12,2010, it debuted as a show on Fox Business. The show was one of several programs dropped in February 2012, Napolitano regularly substituted for television host Glenn Beck when Beck was absent from his program
10. Anthony J. Battaglia – Anthony Joseph Battaglia is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California and a former United States Magistrate Judge of the same court. Battaglia was born in 1949, in San Diego, California and he graduated from United States International University in 1971 with a Bachelor of Arts. Battaglia then earned his Juris Doctor from California Western School of Law in 1974, in 1993, Battaglia was selected to serve as a United States Magistrate Judge for the United States District Court for the Southern District of California. On May 20,2010, President Barack Obama nominated Battaglia for a district court judgeship on the Southern District of California, to fill the seat vacated by Judge James Lorenz. He was renominated at the beginning of the 112th Congress, on February 4,2011, Battaglia, was for the second time unanimously approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee. On March 7,2011 the Senate confirmed his nomination by a vote of 89 ayes to 0 nays. anthony J. Battaglia at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center
11. Marianne O. Battani – Marianne O. Battani is Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. Born in Detroit, Michigan, Battani received a B. A. from the University of Detroit in 1966 and she was in private practice from 1972 to 1981. She was a judge on the Common Pleas Court of the City of Detroit in 1981, and she was then a judge on the Wayne County Circuit Court until 2000. On August 5,1999, Battani was nominated by President Bill Clinton to a seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan vacated by Anna Diggs Taylor. Battani was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 24,2000, Battani is notable for sentencing Alan Ralsky to more than four years in prison in November 2009. This was for crimes relating to his stock pump and dump spam activities and she assumed senior status on June 9,2012. Marianne O. Battani at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center