Category:American legal drama films
Pages in category "American legal drama films"
The following 55 pages are in this category, out of 55 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 55 pages are in this category, out of 55 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Anatomy of a Murder – Voelker based the novel on a 1952 murder case in which he was the defense attorney. The film stars James Stewart, Lee Remick, Ben Gazzara, Eve Arden, scott, Arthur OConnell, Kathryn Grant, Brooks West, Orson Bean, and Murray Hamilton. The judge was played by Joseph N. Welch, a real-life lawyer famous for berating Joseph McCarthy during the Army-McCarthy hearings and this was one of the first mainstream Hollywood films to address sex and rape in graphic terms. In 2012, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. One day, Biegler is contacted by Laura Manion, the wife of US Army Lieutenant Frederick Manny Manion, Manion does not deny the murder, but claims that Quill raped his wife. Bieglers folksy speech and laid-back demeanor hide a sharp legal mind, however, the case for the defense does not go well, especially since the local district attorney is assisted by high-powered prosecutor Claude Dancer from the Attorney Generals office. Furthermore, the prosecution tries at every instance to block any mention of Manions motive for killing Quill, Biegler eventually manages to get Laura Manions rape into the record and Judge Weaver agrees to allow the matter to be part of the deliberations. However, during cross-examination, Dancer insinuates that Laura openly flirted with other men, psychiatrists give conflicting testimony to Manions state of mind at the time that he killed Quill. Dancer says that Manion may have suspected Laura of cheating on him because he asked his wife and this raises doubt as to whether the act was nonconsensual. Quills estate is to be inherited by Mary Pilant, whom Dancer accuses of being Quills mistress, McCarthy learns that she is in fact Quills daughter, a fact she is anxious to keep secret since she was born out of wedlock. Through Pilant, Biegler tries to persuade Paquette to testify for the defense, during the trial, Laura claims that Quill tore off her panties while raping her, these panties were not found in the crime scene, where she alleges the rape took place. Pilant, unaware of any details of the case, voluntarily returns to the courtroom to testify that she found the panties in the laundry room. Biegler suggests Quill may have dropped the panties down the chute, located next to his room. Dancer tries to establish that Pilants answers are founded on her jealousy, when Dancer asserts forcibly that Quill was Pilants lover and that Pilant lied to cover this fact, Pilant shocks everyone by stating that Quill was her father. Manion is found not guilty by reason of insanity, after the trial, Biegler decides to open a new practice, with a newly sober McCarthy as his partner. The next day, Biegler and McCarthy travel to the Manions trailer park home to get Manions signature on a note which they hope will suffice as collateral for a desperately needed loan. It turns out the Manions have vacated the park, however. Manion left a note for Biegler, indicating that his flight was an irresistible impulse—the same terminology Biegler used during the trial, Biegler states that Mary Pilant has retained him to execute Quills estate
2. The Devil's Advocate (1997 film) – The Devils Advocate is a 1997 American drama thriller film based on Andrew Neidermans novel of the same name. It is directed by Taylor Hackford, and stars Keanu Reeves, Al Pacino, the films title is a reference to the commonly used phrase devils advocate, and Pacinos character is named after the author of Paradise Lost, John Milton. The movie has some minor allusions to Miltons epic, such as the famous quotation Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven, Kevin Lomax, a defense attorney from Gainesville, Florida, has never lost a case. He defends a schoolteacher, Lloyd Gettys, against a charge of child molestation, Kevin believes his client is guilty, and a reporter tells him a guilty verdict is inevitable. However, through a harsh cross-examination, Kevin destroys the victims credibility, a representative of a New York City law firm offers Kevin a large sum of money to help with a jury selection. After the jury delivers a not guilty verdict, the head of the firm, John Milton, offers Kevin a large salary, Kevin accepts the job, along with his wife Mary Ann to stay in Manhattan. He is soon spending all his time at work, leaving Mary Ann feeling isolated, Kevins mother, Alice, visits New York and suggests they both return home. Kevin defends Alex Cullen, an accused of murdering his wife, her stepson. This case demands more of Kevins time, further separating him from Mary Ann and he begins to fantasize about co-worker Christabella. Mary Ann begins seeing visions of the partners wives becoming demonic, after a doctor declares her infertile, she begs Kevin to return to Gainesville. Milton suggests Kevin step down from the trial to tend to his wife, Eddie Barzoon, the firms managing partner, is convinced that Kevin is competing for his job when he discovers Kevins name is on the firms charter. Although a surprised Kevin denies any knowledge, Eddie threatens to inform the United States Attorneys office of the law firms activities, Kevin tells Milton about Eddies threats, but Milton dismisses them. Meanwhile, Eddie is beaten to death by vagrants, who take on demonic appearances, Mary Ann witnesses this, disturbing her further. While preparing Melissa to testify about Cullens alibi, Kevin realizes she is lying, Milton offers to back Kevin no matter what he decides to do. Kevin proceeds with her testimony and wins an acquittal, afterwards, Kevin finds Mary Ann in a nearby church covered with a blanket. She claims Milton raped and mutilated her, but Kevin knows this cannot be true as he was with Milton in court, Mary Ann drops her blanket, revealing her naked body covered with cuts. Kevin believes Mary Ann injured herself and has her committed to a mental institution, Alice, along with Kevin and Pam Garrety, Kevins case manager from the firm, visit Mary Ann at the mental institution. After seeing Pam as a demon, Mary Ann hits her with a hand mirror, as Kevin breaks down the door, Mary Ann commits suicide by cutting her throat with a shard of broken glass
3. Fracture (2007 film) – Fracture is a 2007 American-German legal drama film, starring Anthony Hopkins and Ryan Gosling, and directed by Gregory Hoblit. It is the story of a man who shoots his wife, placing her into a coma. The film has a 72% approval rating from Rotten Tomatoes and grossed $91 million, theodore Ted Crawford, a wealthy and talented Irish aeronautical engineer in Los Angeles, discovers that his wife Jennifer is having an affair with police detective Robert Nunally. After confronting his wife, Crawford shoots her, seriously wounding her, police arrive on he scene, including Nunally. Nunally enters the house and convinces Crawford than they should put down their guns and Crawford confesses he shot his wife. Crawford engages in a battle of wits with rising star deputy district attorney William Willy Beachum, at the trial, Crawford acts as his own attorney, thereby matching up a star prosecutor against a supposedly untrained litigant. Crawford reveals that the officer was having an affair with his wife, assaulted him during his arrest. Crawfords confession is ruled to be inadmissible as evidence, as it was fruit of the poisonous tree, Beachum discovers that Crawfords handgun was not used to shoot his wife because it had never been fired and did not match the shell casings at the crime scene. As the house was under surveillance the entire time from the shooting to Crawfords arrest, Beachum is tempted by Nunallys scheme to plant false evidence to implicate Crawford but decides against it at the last minute. With no new evidence to present to the jury, Beachum is forced to concede the trial, the disgraced Nunally commits suicide outside the courtroom. After the trial, Beachums future with the firm is in tatters. However, he begins to see his job as a D. A. as a means of fighting injustice for those like Crawfords wife. Crawford himself observes this change, joking scathingly that Beachum has found God and this motivates Beachum to continue searching for evidence almost obsessively. Realizing that Crawfords plan is to dispose of the eyewitness to the crime. Beachum arrives at the hospital but is unable to prevent staff turning off Jennifers life support, a mix-up of cell phones causes Beachum to realize that both Nunally and Crawford used the same type of gun, a.45 caliber Glock 21. He figures out that before the crime Crawford switched his gun with Nunallys in a room where Jennifer. Crawford shot his wife with Nunallys gun, and then reloaded it, the detective arrived on the scene carrying Crawfords gun, and both Crawford and Nunally laid their weapons down as a preliminary move in hostage negotiations. When Nunally became aware of who the victim was, and tried to revive Jennifer, Crawford switched the guns
4. The Social Network – The Social Network is a 2010 American biographical drama film directed by David Fincher and written by Aaron Sorkin. It stars Jesse Eisenberg as founder Mark Zuckerberg, along with Andrew Garfield as Eduardo Saverin and Justin Timberlake as Sean Parker, neither Zuckerberg nor any other Facebook staff were involved with the project, although Saverin was a consultant for Mezrichs book. The film was released in the United States by Columbia Pictures on October 1,2010, the Social Network received widespread acclaim, with critics praising its direction, screenplay, acting, editing and score. Rolling Stones Peter Travers said The Social Network is the movie of the year, but Fincher and Sorkin triumph by taking it further. Lacing their scathing wit with a sadness, they define the dark irony of the past decade. It was also Roger Eberts selection for the best film of the year, the film also received awards for Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Director, Best Screenplay, and Best Original Score at the 68th Golden Globe Awards. In October 2003, 19-year-old Harvard University student Mark Zuckerberg is dumped by his girlfriend Erica Albright, after traffic to the site crashes parts of Harvards computer network, Zuckerberg is given six months of academic probation. However, Facemashs popularity attracts the attention of Harvard upperclassmen and twins Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss, the trio invites Zuckerberg to work on Harvard Connection, a social network featuring the exclusive nature of Harvard students and aimed at dating. Saverin provides $1,000 in seed funding, allowing Mark to build the website and they raise their complaint with Harvard President Larry Summers, who is dismissive and sees no value in either disciplinary action or Thefacebook website itself. Saverin and Zuckerberg meet fellow student Christy Lee, who asks them to Facebook me, as Thefacebook grows in popularity, Zuckerberg extends the network to Yale University, Columbia University and Stanford University. Lee arranges for Saverin and Zuckerberg to meet Napster co-founder Sean Parker and he also suggests dropping the The from Thefacebook, just calling it Facebook. At Parkers suggestion, the moves to Palo Alto, with Saverin remaining in New York to work on business development. After Parker promises to expand Facebook to two continents, Zuckerberg invites him to live at the house he is using as company headquarters, meanwhile, Saverin objects to Parker making business decisions for Facebook and freezes the companys bank account in the resulting dispute. He later relents when Zuckerberg reveals that they have secured $500,000 from angel investor Peter Thiel and he confronts Zuckerberg and Parker about it, and Saverin vows to sue Zuckerberg for all the companys shares before being ejected from the building. As a result, Saverins name is removed from the masthead as co-founder, later, a cocaine possession incident involving Parker and his attempt to place the blame on Saverin finally convinces Zuckerberg to cut ties with him. Throughout the film, the narrative is intercut with scenes from depositions taken in the Winklevoss twins and Saverins respective lawsuits against Zuckerberg, the Winklevoss twins claim that Zuckerberg stole their idea, while Saverin claims his shares of Facebook were unfairly diluted when the company was incorporated. After everyone leaves, Zuckerberg is shown sending a friend request to Albright on Facebook, screenwriter Aaron Sorkin said, What attracted me to had nothing to do with Facebook. The invention itself is as modern as it gets, but the story is as old as storytelling, I got a 14-page book proposal that Ben Mezrich had written for his publisher for a book he was going to call The Accidental Billionaires
5. North Country (film) – In 1989, Josey Aimes flees from her abusive husband back to her hometown in northern Minnesota with her children, Sammy and Karen, and moves in with her parents, Alice and Hank. Hank is ashamed of Josey, who had Sammy as a teenager by an unknown father, while working as a hairdresser, Josey reconnects with an old acquaintance, Glory Dodge, who works at the local iron mine and suggests Josey do the same. Joseys pursuit of the job further strains her relationship with Hank, Josey in particular is targeted by Bobby Sharp, her ex-boyfriend from high school. Josey tries to talk to her supervisor Arlen Pavich about the problem, the women experience additional harassment in retaliation, and Bobby spreads rumors that Josey attempted to seduce him, leading his wife to publicly berate and embarrass Josey at Sammys hockey game. Sammy begins to resent the way the townspeople treat them, later, after being assaulted by Bobby at work, she quits and asks Bill White, a lawyer friend of Kyle and Glory, to help her file a lawsuit against the company. Bill advises her to other women to form a class action lawsuit. The female miners, however, fear losing their jobs and facing additional harassment and she also discovers that Glory has Lou Gehrigs Disease, and her health is declining rapidly. Alice and Hank argue over Joseys lawsuit, and when Hank still refuses to forgive his daughter, Hank attacks the teacher in question, who is in attendance, and Bill asks for a recess after Josey storms out of the courtroom. Sammy still refuses to believe his mother, and runs away, until Kyle urges him to reconsider, the next day, Bill cross-examines Bobby and gets him to admit he lied about the encounter, which he witnessed but was too scared to do anything about. Glory, who has come to the court in her wheelchair and is unable to speak, has Kyle read a letter saying she stands with Josey, other women then stand up to support Joseys complaint. They are followed by women, family members, and miners. The mining company is forced to pay the women for their suffering and establish a sexual harassment policy at the workplace. Its time line was condensed, but in reality it took fourteen years for the case to be settled, Jenson declined to sell the rights to her story or act as the films consultant. The film was shot in the towns of Eveleth, Virginia, Chisholm, and Hibbing in northern Minnesota, Minneapolis, and Silver City and Santa Fe in New Mexico. Budgeted at $30 million, it eventually grossed $18,337,722 in the US, on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, 69% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 162 reviews, with Theron and McDormand receiving critical acclaim for their performances. On Metacritic, the film has a score of 68 out of 100. We remember that Frances McDormand played a police officer in this same area in Fargo. McDormands role in this movie is different and much sadder, but brings the same pluck, put these two women together and they can accomplish just about anything
6. To Kill a Mockingbird (film) – To Kill a Mockingbird is a 1962 American drama film directed by Robert Mulligan. The screenplay by Horton Foote is based on Harper Lees 1960 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name and it stars Gregory Peck as Atticus Finch and Mary Badham as Scout. The film, considered to be one of the best ever made, received positive reviews from critics and was a box-office success. The film won three Academy Awards, including Best Actor for Peck, and was nominated for eight, including Best Picture, in 1995, the film was listed in the National Film Registry. It also ranks twenty-fifth on the American Film Institutes 10th anniversary list of the greatest American movies of all time, in 2003, AFI named Atticus Finch the greatest movie hero of the 20th century. To Kill a Mockingbird marked the debuts of Robert Duvall, William Windom. The films young protagonists, Jean Louise Scout Finch and her brother Jeremy Atticus Jem Finch, live in the town of Maycomb, Alabama. The story covers three years, during which Scout and Jem undergo changes in their lives. The childrens widowed father, Atticus, is a lawyer and has strong beliefs that all people are to be treated fairly, to turn the other cheek. He also allows his children to him by his first name. Early in the film, the children see their father accept hickory nuts, through their fathers work as a lawyer, Scout and Jem begin to learn of the racism and evil in their town, aggravated by poverty, they mature quickly as they are exposed to it. The local judge appoints Atticus to defend a man, Tom Robinson, against an accusation of rape of a white girl. Jem and Scout experience schoolyard taunts for their fathers decision, later, as Atticus is sitting in front of the local jail to safeguard Robinson, a lynch mob arrives, which includes Mr. Cunningham. Scout, Jem and their friend, Dill, interrupt the confrontation, Scout, unaware of the mobs purpose, recognizes Cunningham as the man who paid her father in hickory nuts and tells him to say hello to his son, who is her schoolmate. Cunningham becomes embarrassed and the mob disperses, at the trial, it is undisputed that Tom came to Mayellas home at her request to help with the chopping up of a chifforobe and that Mayella showed signs of having been beaten around that time. Among Atticus chief arguments is that Tom has a left arm. Atticus then points out that Mayellas father, Bob Ewell, is left handed, Atticus also states that the girl had not been examined by a doctor to check for signs of rape after the supposed assault. In his closing argument Atticus asks the all-white male jury to cast aside their prejudices, in taking the stand in his own defense, Tom denies he attacked Mayella, but states she kissed him
7. 12 Angry Men (1957 film) – 12 Angry Men is a 1957 American courtroom drama film adapted from a teleplay of the same name by Reginald Rose. In the United States, a verdict in most criminal trials by jury must be unanimous, the film is notable for its almost exclusive use of one set, out of 96 minutes of run time, only three minutes take place outside of the jury room. 12 Angry Men explores many techniques of consensus-building, and the difficulties encountered in the process, among a group of men whose range of personalities adds intensity and conflict. In 2007, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. In a New York City courthouse a jury commences deliberating the case of an 18-year-old boy from a slum, if there is any reasonable doubt they are to return a verdict of not guilty. If found guilty, the boy will receive a death sentence, in a preliminary vote, all jurors vote guilty except Juror 8, who argues that the boy deserves some deliberation. Juror 8 questions the accuracy and reliability of the two witnesses, and the prosecutions claim that the murder weapon, a common switchblade, was rare. Juror 8 argues that reasonable doubt exists, and that he therefore cannot in conscience vote guilty, Juror 8 suggests a secret ballot, from which he will abstain, and agrees to change his vote if the others unanimously vote guilty. The ballot is held and a new not guilty vote appears, an angry Juror 3 accuses Juror 5, who grew up in a slum, of changing his vote out of sympathy towards slum children. However, Juror 9 reveals it was he that changed his vote, Juror 8 argues that the noise of a passing train would have obscured the verbal threat that one witness claimed to have heard the boy tell his father Im going to kill you. Juror 5 then changes his vote, Juror 11 also changes his vote, believing the boy would not likely have tried to retrieve the murder weapon from the scene if it had been cleaned of fingerprints. An angry Juror 3 shouts that they are losing their chance to burn the boy, Juror 8 accuses him of being a sadist. Jurors 2 and 6 then change their votes, tying the vote at 6–6, Juror 4 doubts the boys alibi of being at the movies, because he could not recall it in much detail. Juror 8 tests how well Juror 4 remembers previous days, which he does, Juror 2 questions the likelihood that the boy, who was almost a foot shorter than his father, could have inflicted the downward stab wound found in the body. Jurors 3 and 8 then conduct an experiment to see whether a person could stab downwards on a taller person. Increasingly impatient, Juror 7 changes his vote to hasten the deliberation, coincidentally, it begins to storm outside, rendering his selfish decision pointless. Jurors 12 and 1 then change their votes, leaving only three dissenters, Jurors 3,4 and 10, Juror 10 then vents a torrent of condemnation of slum-born people, claiming they are no better than animals who kill for fun. Most of the others turn their backs to him, except for Juror 4, Juror 12 then reverts his vote, making the vote 8–4
8. The Accused (1988 film) – The Accused is a 1988 American drama film written by Tom Topor and directed by Jonathan Kaplan. It starred Jodie Foster and Kelly McGillis, the film is set in Washington state and filmed in Vancouver, Canada. The film was based on the 1983 gang rape of Cheryl Araujo in New Bedford, Massachusetts, and the resulting trial. This film was one of the first Hollywood films to portray rape graphically, Jodie Foster portrayed Sarah Tobias, the victim, earning the Academy Award for Best Actress, the films sole nomination. One night at a bar, working-class woman Sarah Tobias is gang raped by several bar patrons. Assistant district attorney, Kathryn Murphy is assigned to the rape case and her superior wants to drop the case, believing that Sarahs background and prior record will make her testimony appear weak to the jury and that she will not win the case. After a heated argument, her superior suggests she arrange a plea bargain with the defendants that requires some jail time. They make a bargain to charges of reckless endangerment, and are sentenced to prison. Sarah is enraged by the deal, as she did not get to testify in court against her attackers, Sarah is hospitalized after she rammed a pickup truck, recognizing its driver as one of the witnesses from the bar, and being outraged by his crude proposition of her. After this, Kathryn decides to prosecute the men who cheered the rape for criminal solicitation, Sarahs friend Sally, a waitress at the bar where the rape took place, picks three men out of a line-up as those who encouraged the attackers. They get three different defense attorneys for the ensuing trial, Sarah testifies that she was raped. College student Kenneth Joyce, a friend of one of the rapists, after Kathryns closing statement and a single summation from the three defense lawyers, the jury deliberates for a long time. They ask several times for Kens testimony to be reread to them, in the end, the jury convicts the three defendants. Writing of the two criminal prosecutions in the film, Roger Ebert finds that the lesson of the trial may be the most important message this movie has to offer and it is a form of imprisonment. The film was nominated for the Golden Bear at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival in 1989, Jodie Foster won an Academy Award as Best Actress for her performance, the film received no other nominations for Academy Awards. It was the first time this had occurred since 1962, when Sophia Loren won Best Actress for her performance in Two Women, Kelly McGillis acknowledged at the time of film release that she had survived an attack and rape. Based on her experience, the actress took the role of the fictional Assistant District Attorney Murphy in the film, McGillis was initially recruited to play the role of Sarah Tobias but declined, citing her personal experience. In 1982, McGillis was assaulted, raped, and robbed in her home by Leroy Johnson, a sex offender who had escaped from juvenile jail
9. American Violet – American Violet is a 2008 drama film directed by Tim Disney and starring Nicole Beharie. The story is based on Regina Kelly, a victim of Texas police drug enforcement tactics, one day, while Dee is working a shift at the local diner, the powerful local district attorney, Calvin Beckett, leads a group into the restaurant, sweeping Dee’s housing project. The police drag Dee from work in handcuffs and dump her in the county prison. Indicted based on the word of a single and dubious police informant facing his own drug charges. Despite the urgings of her mother, and with her freedom, Dee works with an ACLU attorney and a former local narcotics officer to take on the Texas justice system. The lawsuit accused Paschall and the South Central Texas Narcotics Task Force of conducting racially motivated drug sweeps for more than 15 years in Hearne, in 2005, the ACLU and Robertson County settled and the plaintiffs agreed to dismiss the individuals named in the suit, including Paschall. The fictional Harmon County represents Robertson County, Texas, where John Paschall was defeated for reelection in 2012, Regina Kelly continued to live in Hearne until 2009. The film stays close to the details of the actual case, although it changes all the characters names and takes some liberties with the cases transcripts. Some of the lawyers objected to the way they were portrayed, in the film, the public defender urges the character named Dee Roberts to accept a plea bargain. The actual public defender claims he never tells innocent clients to take a plea, in the film, the character questions the plaintiff about her sexual history. The actual lawyer claims the questions were routine questions about her children and their fathers, also, the film shows the DA presiding over a hearing about custody of the defendants children. Actually, the DA was present and spoke at the hearing, and the actual legal team for the plaintiffs was much larger, consisting of about 25 lawyers, from a private law firm, working pro bono. Clay Kane said that American Violet is the first must-see film for African-Americans in 2009, dr. Joy Browne of WOR Radio reviewed the film, calling it A gem of a movie. Everything you look for in an experience and more. Rex Reed of The New York Observer said that the film is a rich, roger Ebert gave the film three stars and commented that Nicole Beharie delivers a stunning performance. American Violet at the Internet Movie Database American Violet at Rotten Tomatoes Frontlines documentary The Plea ACLU Press Release] on Dallas Morning News
10. Casualties of War – Casualties of War is a 1989 American war drama film directed by Brian De Palma, with a screenplay by David Rabe, based on the actual events of the incident on Hill 192 in 1966 during the Vietnam War. The picture stars Michael J. Fox and Sean Penn, an article written by Daniel Lang for The New Yorker in 1969, and a subsequent book were the movies primary sources. The story is presented as a flashback of Max Eriksson, a Vietnam veteran, Lt. Reilly leads his platoon of American soldiers on a nighttime patrol. They are attacked by the Viet Cong after a panicked soldier exposes their position, while on flank security, the ground cracks under Eriksson and he ends up partially stuck in a Viet Cong tunnel. Erikssons squad leader, Sergeant Tony Meserve, pulls Eriksson out of the hole and eventually, the platoon takes a break outside a river village in the Central Highlands. While relaxing and joking around, one of Meserves friends, Specialist 4 Brownie Brown, is killed when the Viet Cong ambushes them, brownies death has a major impact on Meserve. Shortly afterward, the platoon is sent back to their barracks at Wolfe Base, Private First Class Antonio Dìaz arrives as the replacement radio operator. Frustrated because his squad has been denied leave for an extended period, Eriksson strenuously objects but Meserve, Cpl. Thomas E. Clark, and Private First Class Herbert Hatcher ignore Erikksons objections, before the five-man squad disembarked, Eriksson talks about his concerns to his closest friend, Rowan. At nightfall, the squad enters a village and kidnaps a Vietnamese girl, as the squad treks through the mountains, Dìaz begins to reconsider raping Than and begs Erikkson to back him up. The squad and Than eventually take refuge in an abandoned hooch, where Erikkson is confronted and threatened by Meserve, Clark, as the taunting continued, Dìaz decides to go along with the rape in order to avoid ridicule. Erikkson, who is now outnumbered, is ordered to the guard the hooch as the rest of the men take their turn raping Than. At daybreak, Erikkson is ordered to guard Than while the rest of the squad takes up a position near a bridge overlooking a Viet Cong river supply depot. Through his acts of kindness, Erikkson manages to earn Thans trust and prepares to go AWOL, however, Meserve sends Clark to get Erikkson and Than to go to the bridge before Erikkson can carry out his plan. Meserve has Dìaz order air support for an assault on the depot, before Dìaz can kill her, Eriksson fires his rifle into the air, exposing them to the nearby Viet Cong. In the midst of the firefight, Than tries to escape, Eriksson tries to save her but is stopped by Meserve, who knocks Eriksson down with the butt of his gun. Eriksson watches helplessly as the entire squad shoots Than numerous times until she falls off of the bridge, after the battle, Eriksson wakes up in a field hospital on Wolfe Base. Erikkson eventually bumps into Rowan and tells him everything that happened, Rowan comforts his friend and suggests that Erikkson sees Lt. Reilly and Company commander Captain Hill
11. Changing Lanes – Changing Lanes is a 2002 American drama-thriller film directed by Roger Michell, and stars Ben Affleck and Samuel L. Jackson. The film follows a successful, young Wall Street lawyer who accidentally crashes his car into a driven by a middle-aged. After the lawyer leaves the scene of the accident, the two men try to get back at other, engaging in a variety of immoral and illegal actions that end up having a major impact on each mans life. The film was released on April 12,2002 in North America by Paramount Pictures, the film was favourably reviewed by critics and it was a box office success, earning almost $95 million against a $45 million budget. Writers Chap Taylor and Michael Tolkin were nominated for the WAFCA Award for Best Original Screenplay for their work, in New York City, a middle-aged African-American insurance salesman named Doyle Gipson is a recovering alcoholic who is attending Alcoholics Anonymous meetings to stay sober. Banek was in a rush to get to court to file a power of appointment document, Gipson was also in a rush to get to a hearing to prevent his estranged wife from taking his two boys to Oregon. Banek tries to brush Gipson off with a check, rather than exchanging insurance information. After arriving to the late, Gipson learns that the judge ruled against him in his absence, never knowing that Gipson was about to buy a house for his wife. When Banek gets to court, he realizes that he dropped the crucial power of appointment file at the scene of the accident, Gipson, who scooped up the file, is torn, and initially refuses to return the file. Gipson is distraught when he finds out his credit has been ruined, determined to get back at Banek, Gipson loosens the bolts on one of Baneks tires, and Banek suffers some minor injuries after his car crashes on the highway. Enraged, Banek goes to the school of Gipsons children and tells school officials that Gipson plans to kidnap the boys. Both men, shaken by the consequences of their actions, start to reconsider their desire for vengeance and try to find a way out. Although it appears unlikely that either man will achieve what he had hoped, Banek also visits Gipsons wife to explain everything. The film ends with Gipsons wife and children smiling at him from across the street, Ben Affleck as Gavin Banek Samuel L. The film received reviews from critics. Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 77% based on reviews from 151 critics, Metacritic gave it an average score of 69/100 from the 36 reviews it collected. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times praised the film, calling it one of the years best, official website Changing Lanes at the Internet Movie Database Changing Lanes at Rotten Tomatoes Changing Lanes at Metacritic Changing Lanes at Box Office Mojo
12. A Civil Action (film) – A Civil Action is a 1998 American drama film that was directed by Steven Zaillian, that stars John Travolta and Robert Duvall, and that is based on the book of the same name by Jonathan Harr. Both the book and the film are based on a story of a court case about environmental pollution that took place in Woburn, Massachusetts. The movie and court case revolve around the issue of trichloroethylene, an industrial solvent, and its contamination of a local aquifer. A lawsuit was filed over industrial operations that appeared to have caused cases of leukemia and cancer, as well as a wide variety of other health problems. The case involved is Anne Anderson, et al. v. Cryovac, the first reported decision in the case is at 96 F. R. D. Duvall was nominated for an Academy Award for his performance, environmental toxins in the city of Woburn, Massachusetts contaminate the areas water supply, and become linked to a number of deaths of neighboring children. The local tanneries could be responsible for several cases of leukemia. Bringing a class action lawsuit in court, Jan represents families who demand a clean-up of contaminated areas. However, the case develops a life of its own and takes over the lives of Jan, Jan stubbornly declines settlement offers, gradually coming to believe that the case is about more than just the money. He allows his pride to take over, making outrageous demands, pressures take their toll, with Jan and his partners going deeply into debt. After a lengthy trial, the case is dismissed in favor of Beatrice, the plaintiffs are forced to accept a settlement with Grace that barely covers the expense involved in trying the case, leaving Jan and his partners broke. The families are deeply disappointed, and Jans partners dissolve their partnership, Jan ends up alone, living in a small apartment and running a small-time law practice. He manages to find the last key witness to the case, the files are archived while Jan later files for bankruptcy. It takes Jan several years to settle his debts, and he now practices law in Boston. The plotline has been simplified from the book, e. g. The characters Charles Nesson, Mark Phillips, Rikki Klieman, Teresa Padro and others have removed from the film version. Despite receiving mostly positive reception from critics and with Duvall getting an Oscar nomination and its domestic gross was a mere $56 million, well below its $75 million budget. The film was successful on limited release, the music score was written by Danny Elfman